A. The infectious Agent Varciella (Chicken Pox) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.

gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002559/ Chicken Pox is a viral infection in which a person develops extremely itchy, red blisters all over the body. Chicken Pox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It used to be one of the classic childhood diseases. However, it has become less common since the introduction of the chickenpox vaccine. The infectious agent The word chickenpox comes from the Old English word "gican" meaning "to itch" http://dermatology.about.com/cs/chickenpox/a/chickenpox.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chickenpox Chickenpox is an airborne disease spread easily through coughing or sneezing of ill individuals or through direct contact with secretions from the rash. A person with chickenpox is infectious one to two days before the rash appears.[2] They remain contagious until all lesions have crusted over (this takes approximately six days)[3]. Immunocompromised patients are contagious during the entire period as new lesions keep appearing. Crusted lesions are not contagious.[4] Chickenpox has been observed in other primates, including chimpanzees[5] and gorillas. After a chickenpox infection, the virus remains dormant in the body's nerve tissues. The immune system keeps the virus at bay, but later in life, usually as an adult, it can be reactivated and cause a different form of the viral infection called shingles (scientifically known as herpes zoster).[20] http://www2.cdc.gov/nip/isd/immtoolkit/content/products/NPIGuide.pdf

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/120188.php A study reviewing a decade of chickenpox prevention in the United States found that vaccination has resulted in a dramatic 90 per cent reduction in the disease, but even though the coverage was high, the single dose system did not confer sufficient immunity to stop the disease spreading.

https://sites.google.com/site/chschickenpox/prevalence Chickenpox occurs everywhere in the world. It is slightly less prevalent in the tropics and more people in these regions reach adulthood without having had chickenpox. In other parts of the world it seems to spread more easily in the cooler months and there are more infections in winter and spring. Three out of four children get chickenpox by the age of nine or 10 years and most people will have had chickenpox by the time they reach adulthood. United States The Center of Disease Control (CDC) estimates that 95 percent of Americans will haev chicken pox by the time the reach adulthood. The CDC also estimates that there are 4 million cases with 100 deaths and 9,300 hospitalizations each year.

CNN HEALTH Georgiann Caruso Death from Chicken Po down Deaths from chickenpox (the varicella virus) have dropped 97 percent in adolescents and children since the use of the vaccine began in 1995, new analysis shows.