29 views

Uploaded by IJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968 Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14
A NOTE ON INTUITIONISTIC FUZZY SET…Full description

save

- fesrere
- Novel multiple criteria decision making methods based on bipolar neutrosophic sets and bipolar neutrosophic graphs
- fuzzy
- IJEPES_15
- New Results of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Soft Set
- Fuzzy Theory
- ZadehCW1999
- Automatic Braking Sys in Train
- 01 - Introduction
- Fuzzy Soft Set Theory and Its Applications
- Multi-criteria decision making method based on similarity measures under single-valued neutrosophic refined and interval neutrosophic refined environments
- Comp Paper 150
- Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic Theory and Applications - George j. Klir , Bo Yuan
- 2002 GIS Development2002
- IRJET-Load Forecasting using Fuzzy Logic
- Neutrosophic Correlation and Simple Linear Regression
- 1-s2.0-S0888613X06000855-main
- François, Charles (1999) – "Systemics and Cybernetics"
- powerELECTRONICS.pdf
- Neutrosophic Crisp Set Theory
- PLC-based Fuzzy Logic Controller for Induction-motor Drive With Constant v-Hz Ratio
- Dynamic Fuzzy Wavelet Neuroemulator for Non-linear Control of Irregular Buildins Structures
- Fuzzy Wind
- Gaming and fuzzy logic
- Adaptive Neuro-fuzzy Inference - IT
- 8
- Design and Implementation of a Fuzzy Based Tsunami Warning System
- Neural Network Based Dynamic.pdf
- Patrick Suppes A Comparison of Meaning and Uses of Models (Rubén)
- Accessible single-valued neutrosophic graphs
- Weibel Instability Due to Ultra Intense Laser Plasma Interaction Relevant to Fusion
- WORK COMMITMENT AND ABSENTEEISM AMONG THE INDUSTRIAL WORKERS: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF TWO INDUSTRIES OF NAMRUP, ASSAM
- Micropolar Fluid Flow Near the Stagnation on a Vertical Plate With Prescribed Wall Heat Flux in Presence of Magnetic Field
- ANALYSIS OF BLOOD FLOW THROUGH STENOSED VESSEL UNDER EFFECT OF MAGNETIC FIELD
- EFFECT OF VARIABLE VISCOSITY AND THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF MICROPOLAR FLUID IN A POROUS CHANNEL IN PRESENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELD
- Properties of Fuzzy Soft Set
- Role of Women in Economy a Case Study of 39 No
- INDIGENOUS PEOPLES DISPLACEMENT TO THE URBAN AREAS AND ITS EFFECTS A CASE STUDY
- A Comparative Study of Self-Concept of Hostellers and Non-Hostellers
- An Application of Imprecise Soft Sets in Teaching Evaluation
- Tourism in Jorhat District - Problems and Prospects
- Community Participation for School Effectiveness And it’s Impact
- Neo-Vaisnavism of Srimanta Sankardeva Whether a Religious Cult or a Self-Conciously Established Philosophical School With Special Reference to Vedanta Philosophy
- ON YAGER’S PROBABILITY-POSSIBILITY TRANSFORMATIONS
- Human-Induced Threats to Bio-diversity in North-east India With Special Reference to Majuli
- On Fuzzy Soft Continuous Mapping

**Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14
**

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 1

A NOTE ON INTUITIONISTIC FUZZY SETS OVER TWO UNIVERSES

Manoj Bora

1

Dept. of Mathematics, Jorhat Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat, Assam, India

E-mail: manojbora08@gmail.com

Tridiv Jyoti Neog

2

Dept. of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, CMJ University, Meghalaya, India

E-mail: tridivjyoti@gmail.com

Abstract: In this paper, we have studied the operations of two Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets in two universes. We have proposed

some results with examples and counter examples.

Keywords: Fuzzy Set, Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set, Union, Intersection.

1. Introduction

Most of the real life problems have various uncertainties. In order to deal with many complicated problem in the fields of

engineering, social science, economics, medical science etc. involving uncertainties, various theories have been developed

viz. The Theory of Probability, Evidence Theory, Fuzzy Set Theory, Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set Theory, Rough Set Theory etc.

Fuzzy Set Theory was introduced by Lofti Zadeh [8] in 1965 and it was designed to solve mathematically uncertainty and

vagueness with formalized logical tools for dealing many real life problems. Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets introduced by

Atanassov [2] is of great importance in the context of uncertainty. Fuzzy sets are intuitionistic fuzzy sets but the converse is

not necessarily true [3].There are situations where Intuitionistic fuzzy set theory is more appropriate to deal with [1].

Intuitionistic fuzzy set theory has been applied in different areas viz. logical programming [4, 5], in decision making

problems [9]. Many concepts in fuzzy set theory were also extended to intuitionistic fuzzy set theory, such as intuitionistic

fuzzy relations, intuitionistic L-fuzzy sets, intuitionistic fuzzy implications, intuitionistic fuzzy logics, the degree of

similarity between intuitionistic fuzzy sets, intuitionistic fuzzy rough sets etc. There are numerical applications of

intuitionistic fuzzy sets in various areas of computer science, for example in artificial intelligence, as well as in medicine,

chemistry, economics astronomy etc. Chakrabarty et al. [6] generalized the notion of union and intersection of fuzzy sets

over two different universes. Keeping in view, we make an attempt to generalise the notion of union and intersection of

intuitionistic fuzzy sets.

2. Preliminaries

Chakrabarty et al. [6] generalized the notion of union and intersection of two fuzzy sets laid down by Zadeh [7]. In fact the

concept of union of two fuzzy sets A and B in the universes X could be treated as a particular case of the following two fuzzy

sets:

(i) Fuzzy set A in the universe X and

(ii) Fuzzy set B in the universe Y,

where X and Y are two different universes, in general. Thus the definitions of union and intersection of two fuzzy sets as

proposed in [6] are as follows:

Definition 2.1 [6]

Let A be a fuzzy set of X with membership function

A

and B be a fuzzy set of Y with membership function

B

. Then the

union of two fuzzy sets A and B denoted by B A is a fuzzy set of Y X with the membership function defined by

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 2

{ }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Y X z z z

X Y z z

Y X z z

z

B A

B

A

B A

if ) ( ), ( max

if ) (

if ) (

) (

It may be observed that the fuzzy union defined by Zadeh [8] is a particular case of the above defined union when X = Y.

Definition 2.2 [6]

Let A be a fuzzy set of X with membership function

A

and B be a fuzzy set of Y with membership function

B

. Then the

intersection of two fuzzy sets A and B denoted by B A· is a fuzzy set of Y X with the membership function defined by

{ } , ) ( ), ( min ) ( Y X z z z z

B A B A

e ¬ =

·

It may be observed that the fuzzy intersection defined by Zadeh [8] is a particular case of the above defined union when

X = Y.

It may also be observed that ( ) 0 (z) , = A e ¬

·B A

Y X z and in this sense B A· is a fuzzy set in Y X · .

Definition 2.3 [6]

Let U be a set and X be a subset of U. Then for any fuzzy set A of X, the fuzzy set

U

A

of U given by

¹

´

¦ e ¬

=

otherwise , 0

), (

) (

X x x

x

A U

A

is called set of U generated by

A

.

Chakrabarty et al [6] gave the following proposition:

Proposition 2.1 [7]

For any two fuzzy sets A and B of the sets X and Y, respectively, the following holds:

(i) If = A , = B , then = · B A but not conversely.

(ii) = , A A = , = · A , where is the null fuzzy set.

(iii) A B B A = , A B B A · = ·

Chakrabarty et al [6] put forward the following proposition for fuzzy sets A, B, C obtained from three different universes X,

Y and Z respectively.

Proposition 2.2 [6]

Let A,B,C be three fuzzy sets obtained from three different universes X, Y and Z respectively. Then the following holds.

(i) ( ) ( ) C B A C B A =

(ii) ( ) ( ) C B A C B A · · = · ·

(iii) ( ) ( ) ( ) C A B A C B A · · = ·

~

(iv) ( ) ( ) ( ) C A B A C B A · = ·

Definition 2.4 [2]

An intuitionistic fuzzy set A over the universe U can be defined as : ( ) { } U x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( , , where

] 1 , 0 [ : ) ( ], 1 , 0 [ : ) ( ÷ ÷ U x U x

A A

with the property 1 ) ( ) ( 0 s + s x x

A A

. U x e ¬ The values ) (x

A

and

) (x

A

represent the degree of membership and non-membership of x to A respectively. ( ) ) ( ) ( 1 ) ( x x x

A A A

+ ÷ = is called

the intuitionistic fuzzy index.

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 3

Definition 2.5 [2]

An intuitionistic fuzzy set A over the universe U defined as ( ) { } U x x A e = : 1 , 0 , is said to be intuitionistic fuzzy null set and

is denoted by . 0

Definition 2.6 [2]

An intuitionistic fuzzy set A over the universe U defined as ( ) { } U x x A e = : 0 , 1 , is said to be intuitionistic fuzzy absolute set

and is denoted by . 1

Definition 2.7 [2]

Let ( ) { } U x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( , be an intuitionistic fuzzy set over the universe U, where ], 1 , 0 [ : ) ( ÷ U x

A

] 1 , 0 [ : ) ( ÷ U x

A

with the property 1 ) ( ) ( 0 s + s x x

A A

. U x e ¬ Complement of A is denoted by A

c

and defined as the

intuitionistic fuzzy set ( ) { } U x x x x A

A A

c

e = : ) ( ), ( , .

Definition 2.8 [2]

Let ( ) { } U x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( , , ( ) { } U x x x x B

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

be two intuitionistic fuzzy sets over the universe U, where

], 1 , 0 [ : ) ( ÷ U x

A

], 1 , 0 [ : ) ( ÷ U x

A

], 1 , 0 [ : ) ( ÷ U x

B

] 1 , 0 [ : ) ( ÷ U x

B

with the property

1 ) ( ) ( ), ( ) ( 0 s + + s x x x x

B B A A

U xe ¬ .

Union of A and B is defined as

( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x B A

B A B A

=

and intersection of A and B is defined as

( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min , x x x x x B A

B A B A

= ·

3. Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets Over Two Universes

Throughout our work, we would represent the symbol

X

0 to represent the Intuitionistic Fuzzy Null Set in X and

X

1 to

represent the Intuitionistic Fuzzy Absolute Set in X . Keeping in view, we propose the definition of union and intersection of

two intuitionistic fuzzy sets in two Universes as follows:

Definition 3.1

Let A be an intuitionistic fuzzy set of X with membership function

A

and non membership

A

and B be an intuitionistic

fuzzy set of Y with membership function

B

and non membership

B

defined by ( ) { } X x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( , and

( ) { } Y x x x x B

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

Then the union of the intuitionistic fuzzy sets A and B denoted by B A is an intuitionistic fuzzy set of Y X defined by

B A

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Y X x x x x x x

X Y x x x x

Y X x x x x

B A B A

B B

A A

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 4

It may be observed that the intuitionistic fuzzy union defined by Atanassov is a particular case of what we have given when

X = Y.

Example 3.1

Let X ={ }

5 4 3 2 1

, , , , s s s s s be set of four tall individuals and Y ={ }

7 6 5 4

, , , s s s s be the sets of four left handed individuals.

We consider the intuitionistic fuzzy sets

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) { } 4 . 0 , 5 . 0 , , 3 . 0 , 6 . 0 , , 5 , 0 , 4 . 0 , 01 . 0 , 9 . 0 , 1 . 0 , 7 . 0 ,

5 4 3 2 1

s s s s s A =

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) { } 3 . 0 , 4 . 0 , 3 . 0 , 5 . 0 , , 1 . 0 , 8 . 0 , 2 . 0 , 6 . 0 ,

7 6 5 4

s s s s B = in two universes X and Y respectively

Then

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) { , 1 . 0 , 8 . 0 , , 2 . 0 , 6 . 0 , , 5 . 0 , 4 . 0 , 01 . 0 , 9 . 0 , 1 . 0 , 7 . 0 ,

5 4 3 2 1

s s s s s B A = ( ) ( )} 3 . 0 , 4 . 0 , , 3 . 0 , 5 . 0 ,

7 6

s s

Definition 3.2

Let A be an intuitionistic fuzzy set of X with membership function

A

and non membership

A

and B be an intuitionistic

fuzzy set of Y with membership function

B

and non membership

B

defined by ( ) { } X x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( , and

( ) { } Y x x x x B

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

Then the intersection of the intuitionistic fuzzy sets A and B denoted by B A· is an intuitionistic fuzzy set of Y X

defined by

B A·

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x x x x x

B A B A

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

It may be observed that the intuitionistic fuzzy intersection defined by Atanassov is a particular case of the above defined

intersection when X = Y.

Example 3.2

In Example 3.1 we have

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) { , 4 . 0 , 5 . 0 , , 3 . 0 , 6 . 0 , , 1 , 0 , , 1 , 0 , 1 , 0 ,

5 4 3 2 1

s s s s s B A = · ( ) ( )} 1 , 0 , , 1 , 0 ,

7 6

s s

Definition 3.3

Let U be a set and X be a subset of U. Then for any intuitionistic fuzzy set A of X, the intuitionistic fuzzy set

U

A of U given

by

) (x A

U

( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦ e ¬

=

otherwise , ,1 0 ,

(x) ), ( ,

x

X x x x

A A

is called the intuitionistic fuzzy set of U generated by A.

Example 3.3

Let { }

5 4 3 2 1

, , , , a a a a a U = and { } U a a a X _ =

5 3 1

, ,

Let ( ) ( ) ( ) { } 3 . 0 , 6 . 0 , , 2 . 0 , 7 . 0 , , 1 . 0 , 8 . 0

5 3 1

a a a A = be an intuitionistic fuzzy set of X . Then the intuitionistic fuzzy set ) (x A

U

of

U generated by A is given by

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) { } 3 . 0 , 6 . 0 , , 1 , 0 , , 2 . 0 , 7 . 0 , , 1 , 0 , , 1 . 0 , 8 . 0 ) (

5 4 3 2 1

a a a a a x A

U

=

Proposition 3.1

For any two Intuitionistic fuzzy sets A and B over X and Y respectively, the following hold:

(i) If

X

A 0 = ,

Y

B 0 = , then

Y X

B A

= · 0 but not conversely.

(ii)

Y X Y X

= 0 0 0 ,

Y X

Y

A A

= 0 ,

Y X Y

A

= · 0 0 ,

where

X

0 and

Y

0 are the Intuitionistic Fuzzy Null Sets in X and Y respectively.

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 5

(iii) A B B A = , A B B A · = ·

Proof.

(i) Let , 0

X

A =

Y

B 0 =

Then,

A ( ) { } X x x x x

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( , ( ) { } Y x x e = : 1 , 0 ,

B ( ) { } Y x x x x

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( , ( ) { } Y x x e = : 1 , 0 ,

B A·

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x x x x x

B A B A

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , 1 , 1 max , 0 , 0 min ,

( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , 1 , 0 ,

Y X

= 0

For the converse part, we take the following example:

Let X ={ }

5 4 3 2 1

, , , , s s s s s be set of four tall individuals and Y ={ }

7 6 5 4

, , , s s s s be the sets of four left handed individuals. We

consider the intuitionistic fuzzy sets

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) { } 4 . 0 , 5 . 0 , , 3 . 0 , 6 . 0 , , 5 , 0 , 4 . 0 , 01 . 0 , 9 . 0 , 1 . 0 , 7 . 0 ,

5 4 3 2 1

s s s s s A =

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) { } 3 . 0 , 4 . 0 , 3 . 0 , 5 . 0 , , 1 , 0 , 1 , 0 ,

7 6 5 4

s s s s B = in two universes X and Y respectively

Then ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) { , 1 , 0 , , 1 , 0 , , 1 , 0 , , 1 , 0 , 1 , 0 ,

5 4 3 2 1

s s s s s B A = · ( ) ( )} 1 , 0 , , 1 , 0 ,

7 6

s s

In this case

Y X

B A 0 , 0 = = but

Y X

B A

= · 0

(ii) Let , 0

X

A =

Y

B 0 =

Then,

A ( ) { } X x x x x

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( , ( ) { } X x x e = : 1 , 0 ,

B ( ) { } Y x x x x

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( , ( ) { } Y x x e = : 1 , 0 ,

B A

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Y X x x x x x x

X Y x x x x

Y X x x x x

B A B A

B B

A A

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e e

÷ e e

=

Y X x x

X Y x Y y x

Y X x X x x

if , 1 , 1 min , 0 , 0 max ,

if , : 1 , 0 ,

if , : 1 , 0 ,

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e e

÷ e e

=

Y X x x

X Y x Y y x

Y X x X x x

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , : 1 , 0 ,

if , : 1 , 0 ,

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 6

Y X

= 0

(iii) Let

A ( ) { } X x x x x

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

B

Y

0 = ( ) { } Y x x x x

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( , ( ) { } Y x x e = : 1 , 0 ,

Then,

B A

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Y X x x x x x x

X Y x x x x

Y X x x x x

B A B A

B B

A A

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e e

÷ e

=

Y X x x x x

X Y x Y y x

Y X x x x x

A A

A A

if , 1 ), ( min , 0 ), ( max ,

if , : 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e e

÷ e e

=

Y X x x x x

X Y x Y y x

Y X x X x x x

A A

A A

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , : 1 , 0 ,

if , : ) ( ), (

( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

÷ e e

e e

=

X Y x Y y x

X x X x x x

A A

if , : 1 , 0 ,

if , : ) ( ), (

Y X

A

=

(iv)

Y X Y

A

= · 0 0

Proof.

Let

A ( ) { } X x x x x

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

B

Y

0 = ( ) { } Y x x x x

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( , ( ) { } Y x x e = : 1 , 0 ,

B A·

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x x x x x

B A B A

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x x x

A A

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , 1 ), ( max , 0 ), ( min ,

( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , 1 , 0 ,

Y X

= 0

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 7

(v) A B B A =

Proof.

Let A ( ) { } X x x x x

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

B

( ) { } Y x x x x

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

B A

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Y X x x x x x x

X Y x x x x

Y X x x x x

B A B A

B B

A A

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

X Y x x x x x x

Y X x x x x

X Y x x x x

A B A B

A A

B B

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

A B =

(vi) A B B A · = ·

Proof.

Let A ( ) { } X x x x x

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

B

( ) { } Y x x x x

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

B A·

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x x x x x

B A B A

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

X Y x x

X Y x x x x x x

A B A B

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

A B · =

Proposition 3.2

Let A, B, C be three intuitionistic fuzzy sets obtained from three different universes X, Y and Z respectively. Then the

following holds.

(i) ( ) ( ) C B A C B A =

(ii) ( ) ( ) C B A C B A · · = · ·

(iii) ( ) ( ) ( ) C A B A C B A · · = ·

(iv) ( ) ( ) ( ) C A B A C B A · = ·

Proof.

(i) ( ) ( ) C B A C B A =

Let

( ) { } X x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 8

( ) { } Y x x x x B

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

( ) { } Z x x x x C

C C

e = : ) ( ), ( , and E D A D C B = = ,

Case I

When ( ), Z Y X x ÷ e ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x E

A A

= ……….(3.1)

Case II When ( ) , X Z Y x ÷ e

E

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Z Y x x x x x x

Y Z x x x x

Z Y x x x x

C B C B

B B

B B

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

……….(3.2)

Case III

When ( ), Z Y X x · e D A E =

Now, ( ) Z Y X · ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Z Y Y Z Z Y X · ÷ ÷ · =

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Z Y X Y Z X Z Y X · · ÷ · ÷ · =

When ( ) ( ) Z Y X x ÷ · e ,

D

( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x

B B

=

Thus

E D A =

( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x

B A B A

= ……….(3.3)

When ( ) ( ) Y Z X x ÷ · e ,

D

( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x

C C

=

Thus

E

D A =

( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x

C A C A

=

……….(3.4)

When ( ) ( ), Z Y X x · · e

D ( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x

C B C B

=

Thus

E D A =

( ) { } ( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x x x

C B C B A A

= ……….(3.5)

Again let G C F F B A = = ,

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 9

Case I When ( ) , Z Y X x ÷ e

G

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Y X x x x x x x

X Y x x x x

Y X x x x x

B A B A

B B

A A

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

……….(3.6)

Case II

When ( ) Y X Z x ÷ e ( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , , x x x G Y Z X Z

C C

= ÷ · ÷ = , ……….(3.7)

Case III

When ( ) Z Y X x · e ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Z Y X X Y Y X · · ÷ ÷ =

= ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Z Y X Z X Y Z Y X · · · ÷ · ÷

C F G = , ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x F

A A

= , by (3.6)

When ( ) ( ) Z Y X x · ÷ e ,

Thus G

C F = ( ) { } ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x

C C A A

= ……….(3.8)

When ( ) ( ), Z X Y x · ÷ e ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x F

B B

= by (3.6)

Thus ( ) { } ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x C F G

C C B B

= = ……….(3.9)

When ( ) ( ) Z Y X x · · e , ( ) { } ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x F

B B A A

=

Thus ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x x x x C F G

C C C C C B

= = ...…….(3.10)

When ( ) ( ) ( ) Z X Y X Z Y X x ÷ · ÷ = ÷ e , ( ) { }, ) ( ), ( , x x x E

A A

= by (3.1)

and ( ) { }, ) ( ), ( , x x x G

A A

= by (3.6)

When ( ) X Z Y x ÷ e ( ) X Z Y Y Z Z Y ÷ · ÷ ÷ = ) ( ) ( ) (

( ) ( ) ( ) X Z Y X Y Z X Z Y ÷ · ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = ) ( ) ( ) (

When , ) ( X Z Y x ÷ ÷ e ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x E

B B

= by (3.1) , ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x G

B B

= , by (3.6)

{ X Z Y ÷ ÷ ) ( =

c c

X Z Y · · ) ( = ( )

c c

X Z Y · ·

= ( )

c

X Z Y ·

= ( ) X Z Y ÷

=( ) ( ) X Y Z Y ÷ · ÷ }

When , ) ( X Y Z x ÷ ÷ e ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x E

C C

= , by(3.2) , ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x G

C C

= , by (3.7)

{ X Y Z ÷ ÷ ) ( =

C C

X Y Z · · ) ( = ) (

C C

Y X Z · ·

= ( )

C

Y X Z ·

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 10

= ( ) Y X Z ÷ }

When ( ) X Z Y x ÷ · e

{( ) ( ) ( ) Z X Y X Z Y X Z Y

C C

· · = · · = ÷ · =( ) Z X Y · ÷ }

E ( ) { } ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x

C C B B

=

( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x

C B C B

= , by (3.2)

F ( ) ( ) ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x

C C B B

=

= ( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x

C B C B

, by (3.9)

When ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Z Y Y Z Z Y X Z Y X x · ÷ ÷ · = · · e

= ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Z Y X Y Z X Z Y X · · ÷ · ÷ ·

When ( ) Z Y X x ÷ · e = ( )

C

Z Y X · ·

=( )

C

Z Y X · ·

=( ) Z Y X ÷ ·

( ) { } ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x E

B B A A

=

( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x

B A B A

= , by (3.3)

( ) { } ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x F

B B A A

=

( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x

B A B A

= , by (3.6)

When ( ) Y Z X x ÷ · e = ( )

C

Y Z X · ·

=( )

C

Y Z X · ·

=( ) Y Z X ÷ ·

( ) { } ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x E

C C A A

= , by (3.4)

( ) { } ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x F

C C A A

= , by (3.6)

When ( ) Z Y X x · · e

( ) { } ( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x x x E

C B C B A A

= , by (3.5)

( ) { } ( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( , x x x x x x x x F

C B C B A A

= , by (3.10)

Thus ( ) ( ) C B A C B A =

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 11

(ii) ( ) ( ) C B A C B A · · = · ·

Proof.

Let

( ) { } X x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

( ) { } Y x x x x B

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

( ) { } Z x x x x C

C C

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

C B·

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Z Y x x

Z Y x x x x x x

C B C B

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

( ) { } Z Y x x x x

D D

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

( ) C B A · ·

( ) ( ) ( ) { } ( )

( ) { }

¹

´

¦ · · e

=

otherwise , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

x

Z Y X x x x x x x

D A D A

...…….(3.11)

B A·

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x x x x x

B A B A

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

( ) { } Y X x x x x

E E

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

( ) C B A · ·

( ) ( ) ( ) { } ( )

( ) { }

¹

´

¦ · · e

=

otherwise , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

x

Z Y X x x x x x x

A E A E

...…….(3.12)

Now ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ) ( , ) ( ), ( min min ) ( ), ( ( min ), ( min x x x x x x

C B A C B A

=

And ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ) ( , ) ( ), ( max max ) ( ), ( ( max ), ( max x x x x x x

C B A C B A

=

Also ( ) ( ) Z Y X Z Y X · · = · ·

Thus from (3.11) and (3.12)

( ) ( ) C B A C B A · · = · ·

(iii) ( ) ( ) ( ) C A B A C B A · · = ·

Proof.

Let ( ) { } X x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

( ) { } Y x x x x B

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

( ) { } Z x x x x C

C C

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

Let D B A = · and E C A = · , Then

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 12

D

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Y X x x

Y X x x x x x x

B A B A

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

( ) { } Y X x x x x

D D

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

E

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

( ) { }

¹

´

¦

A e

· e

=

Z X x x

Z X x x x x x x

C A C A

if , 1 , 0 ,

if , ) ( ), ( max , ) ( ), ( min ,

( ) { } Y X x x x x

E E

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

Let F E D =

Case I

( ) ( ) Z X Y X x ÷ e ( ) Z Y X ÷ = , ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x F

D D

=

Case II

( ) ( ) Y X Z X x ÷ e ( ) Y Z X ÷ = , ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x F

E E

=

Case III

( ) ( ) Z X Y X x · e ( ) Z Y X · = , ( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x F

E D E D

=

Thus F

( ) { } ( )

( ) { } ( )

( ) ( ) ( ) { } ( )

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Z Y X x x x x x x

Y Z X x x x x

Z Y X x x x x

E D E D

E E

D D

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

...…….(3.13)

Let H G A G C B = · = ,

G

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) ( ) ( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Z Y x x x x x x

Y Z x x x x

Z Y x x x x

C B C B

C C

B B

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

Again ( ) Z Y X · ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Z Y Y Z Z Y X · ÷ ÷ · =

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Z Y X Y Z X Z Y X · · ÷ · ÷ · =

Case I When ( ) Z Y X x ÷ e , ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x H

D D

=

Case II When ( ) Y Z X x ÷ e , ( ) { } ) ( ), ( , x x x H

E E

=

Case III When ( ) Z Y X x · e , ( ) ( ) ( ) { } ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max , x x x x x H

E D E D

=

Thus H

( ) { } ( )

( ) { } ( )

( ) ( ) ( ) { } ( )

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e

÷ e

÷ e

=

Z Y X x x x x x x

Y Z X x x x x

Z Y X x x x x

E D E D

E E

D D

if , ) ( ), ( min , ) ( ), ( max ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

...…….(3.14)

From (3.13) and (3.14)

( ) ( ) ( ) C A B A C B A · · = ·

(iv) This proof follows similar lines.

Proposition 3.3

If A and B are two Intuitionistic fuzzy sets over two universes X and Y respectively then

(i) ( )

c

B

c

A

c

B A · =

(ii) ( )

c

B

c

A

c

B A = ·

Proof.

(i) Let ( ) { } X x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 13

( ) { } Y x x x x B

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( ,

Case I

Let , Y X x ÷ e where 1 ) ( , 0 ) ( , ) ( , ) ( = = = = x x n x m x

B B A A

Then 0 ) ( , 1 ) ( , 1 ) ( , 1 ) ( = = ÷ = ÷ = x x n x m x c c c c

B B A A

Now ( ) ( )

( )

) ( 1 1 1 , 1 min ) ( ), ( min ) ( x m m x x x c c c c c

B A

B A

B A B A

·

= ÷ = ÷ = ÷ = =

and ( ) ( )

( )

) ( 1 1 0 , 1 max ) ( ), ( max ) ( x n n x x x c c c c c

B A

B A

B A B A

·

= ÷ = ÷ = ÷ = =

Case II

Let , X Y x ÷ e where q x p x x x

B B A A

= = = = ) ( , ) ( , 1 ) ( , 0 ) (

Then q x p x x x c c c c

B B A A

÷ = ÷ = = = 1 ) ( , 1 ) ( , 0 ) ( , 1 ) (

Now ( ) ( )

( )

) ( 1 1 1 , 1 min ) ( ), ( min ) ( x p p x x x c c c c c

B A

B A

B A B A

·

= ÷ = ÷ = ÷ = =

and ( ) ( )

( )

) ( 1 1 1 , 0 max ) ( ), ( max ) ( x q q x x x c c c c c

B A

B A

B A B A

·

= ÷ = ÷ = ÷ = =

Case III

Let , Y X x · e

Therefore ( ) ( )

( )

) ( ) ( ), ( max 1 ) ( ), ( min ) ( x x x x x x c c c c c

B A

B A

B A B A ·

= ÷ = =

and ( ) ( )

( )

) ( ) ( ), ( min 1 ) ( ), ( max ) ( x x x x x x c c c c c

B A

B A

B A B A ·

= ÷ = =

thus from the above cases it follows that ( )

c

B

c

A

c

B A · =

~ ~

(ii) This proof is similar to the above proof.

Definition 3.4

If ( ) { } X x x x x A

A A

e = : ) ( ), ( , and ( ) { } Y x x x x B

B B

e = : ) ( ), ( , are two Intuitionistic fuzzy sets over two universes X and

Y respectively then the operations A + B and A . B over XY is defined by

B A+

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e ÷ +

÷ e

÷ e

=

Y X x x x x x x x x

X Y x x x x

Y X x x x x

B A B A B A

B B

A A

if , ) ( ). ( ), ( ). ( ) ( ) ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

B A .

( ) { }

( ) { }

( ) { }

¦

¹

¦

´

¦

· e ÷ +

÷ e

÷ e

=

Y X x x x x x x x x

X Y x x x x

Y X x x x x

B A B A B A

B B

A A

if , ) ( ). ( ) ( ) ( ), ( ). ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

if , ) ( ), ( ,

One can verify that the following results are valid according to our definitions.

Proposition 3.4

If A, B and C are three Intuitionistic fuzzy sets over three different universes X, Y and Z respectively then

(i) A B B A + = + , A B B A . . =

(ii) ( ) ( ), C B A C B A + + = + + ( ) ( ) C B A C B A . . . . =

(iii) ( )

c c c

B A B A . = + , ( )

c c c

B A B A + = .

(iv) ( ) C A B A C B A . . . + = + , ( ) ( ) ( ) C A B A C B A + + = + . .

International Journal for Basic Sciences and Social Sciences (IJBSS) ISSN: 2319-2968

Available Online at www.rfbss.org Vol.1, Issue 1, May-2012 Page: 1-14

Manoj Bora & Tridiv Jyoti Neog, “A note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets over two universes” 14

Conclusion

The occurrence of union and intersection of two Intuitionistic fuzzy sets in two Universes is very natural in many real-life

situations. We have generalized the notion of union and intersection of Intuitionistic fuzzy sets. We have put forward some

propositions based on this new notion.

REFERENCES

[1] E.Szmidt, J.Kacprzyk, “ Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets in group discussion making”, NIFS

2(1) (1996), 11-14.

[2] K. Atanassov, “Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets–Theory and Applications”, A Springer – Verlag, Heidelberg 1999.

[3] K. Atanassov, “Intuitionistic fuzzy sets”. Seventh Scientific Session of ITKR, Sofia, June 1983, De-proposed in

CINTI,1983.

[4] K. Atanassov, “Intuitionistic Fuzzy Logic”, C.R.Acad. Bulgare Sc.43(3)(1990) 9-12.

[5] K. Atanassov,C.Georgeiv, “Intuitionistic Fuzzy Prolog” , Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 53(1993),121-128.

[6] Kankana Chakrabarty, Ranjit Biswas, Sudarshan Nanda, “ A note on fuzzy union and fuzzy intersection” , Fuzzy sets

and Systems, 105 (1999), 499 – 502

[7] Kankana Chakrabarty, Ranjit Biswas, Sudarshan Nanda, “ Union and intersection of fuzzy sets” , Bull. Pour Sous. Ens.

Flous. Appl. (BUSEFAL)

[8] L.A.Zadeh, “Fuzzy Sets”, Information and Control, 8, 338-353(1965).

[9] R.Biswas, “On Fuzzy Sets and Intuitionistic fuzzy sets”, NIFS, 3(1997), 3-11

AUTHORS

Manoj Bora received his M.Sc. degree in Mathematics from Dibrugarh University, India, in 2004. He is an Assistant

Professor in the department of Mathematics, Jorhat Institute of Science and Technology, Assam, India. He is registered for

Ph.d in the department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, CMJ University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India.

Tridiv Jyoti Neog received his M.Sc. degree in Mathematics from Dibrugarh University, India, in 2004. He is a research

scholar in the department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, CMJ University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India. He was awarded

“BINANDI MEDHI MEMORIAL AWARD” for being the best graduate in B.Sc. examination, 2001, under Dibrugarh

University.

- fesrereUploaded byIka Yume
- Novel multiple criteria decision making methods based on bipolar neutrosophic sets and bipolar neutrosophic graphsUploaded byMia Amalia
- fuzzyUploaded byvipimohan11
- IJEPES_15Uploaded byDebabrata
- New Results of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Soft SetUploaded byIlieCraciun
- Fuzzy TheoryUploaded bykonikaka
- ZadehCW1999Uploaded byapi-3717234
- Automatic Braking Sys in TrainUploaded byAshmiVeera
- 01 - IntroductionUploaded byXtremeInfosoftAlwar
- Fuzzy Soft Set Theory and Its ApplicationsUploaded byankit roy
- Multi-criteria decision making method based on similarity measures under single-valued neutrosophic refined and interval neutrosophic refined environmentsUploaded byMia Amalia
- Comp Paper 150Uploaded bydilip kumar gorai
- Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic Theory and Applications - George j. Klir , Bo YuanUploaded byvasanthdvd
- 2002 GIS Development2002Uploaded byBasab Mukhopadhyay
- IRJET-Load Forecasting using Fuzzy LogicUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Neutrosophic Correlation and Simple Linear RegressionUploaded byDon Hass
- 1-s2.0-S0888613X06000855-mainUploaded byTeger Mayer
- François, Charles (1999) – "Systemics and Cybernetics"Uploaded byDaniel Alva León
- powerELECTRONICS.pdfUploaded bysrinaths5
- Neutrosophic Crisp Set TheoryUploaded byscience2010
- PLC-based Fuzzy Logic Controller for Induction-motor Drive With Constant v-Hz RatioUploaded byAbcvdgtyio Sos Rsvg
- Dynamic Fuzzy Wavelet Neuroemulator for Non-linear Control of Irregular Buildins StructuresUploaded byAlejandro Pérez
- Fuzzy WindUploaded byarwin
- Gaming and fuzzy logicUploaded byFrisco d'Anconia
- Adaptive Neuro-fuzzy Inference - ITUploaded bypradeep9007879
- 8Uploaded byHaripradeep
- Design and Implementation of a Fuzzy Based Tsunami Warning SystemUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- Neural Network Based Dynamic.pdfUploaded byDrPrashant M. Menghal
- Patrick Suppes A Comparison of Meaning and Uses of Models (Rubén)Uploaded byGabriela Luna
- Accessible single-valued neutrosophic graphsUploaded byMia Amalia

- Weibel Instability Due to Ultra Intense Laser Plasma Interaction Relevant to FusionUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- WORK COMMITMENT AND ABSENTEEISM AMONG THE INDUSTRIAL WORKERS: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF TWO INDUSTRIES OF NAMRUP, ASSAMUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- Micropolar Fluid Flow Near the Stagnation on a Vertical Plate With Prescribed Wall Heat Flux in Presence of Magnetic FieldUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- ANALYSIS OF BLOOD FLOW THROUGH STENOSED VESSEL UNDER EFFECT OF MAGNETIC FIELDUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- EFFECT OF VARIABLE VISCOSITY AND THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF MICROPOLAR FLUID IN A POROUS CHANNEL IN PRESENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- Properties of Fuzzy Soft SetUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- Role of Women in Economy a Case Study of 39 NoUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- INDIGENOUS PEOPLES DISPLACEMENT TO THE URBAN AREAS AND ITS EFFECTS A CASE STUDYUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- A Comparative Study of Self-Concept of Hostellers and Non-HostellersUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- An Application of Imprecise Soft Sets in Teaching EvaluationUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- Tourism in Jorhat District - Problems and ProspectsUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- Community Participation for School Effectiveness And it’s ImpactUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- Neo-Vaisnavism of Srimanta Sankardeva Whether a Religious Cult or a Self-Conciously Established Philosophical School With Special Reference to Vedanta PhilosophyUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- ON YAGER’S PROBABILITY-POSSIBILITY TRANSFORMATIONSUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- Human-Induced Threats to Bio-diversity in North-east India With Special Reference to MajuliUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968
- On Fuzzy Soft Continuous MappingUploaded byIJBSS,ISSN:2319-2968