Mental health tells us about psychological well being of a person.

It can also be described as the absence of mental disorder. According to positive psychology or holism mental health may include an individual’s ability to enjoy life, express emotions and, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. Here my concentration area is “Mental Health of Children”. Mental health of a child is depending on many factors and many factors can drag a child to mental illness. Here we will discuss different aspects related with a child’s mental health

Mental health of children:
Children and young people are very sensitive to what goes on around them and, without the right support, can become distressed about situations they find hard to deal with. Sometimes, however, problems arise that can lead to serious difficulties in the future. Anyone who is suffering from mental distress, whatever their age needs a lot of support. Mental health disorder is very common in all over the world. We can see it in every developed, underdeveloped or developing country. For example:

The most recent UK

figure indicating that 10% of 5-16 year olds had a diagnosed mental health disorder and the current US figure indicating that a mental illness occurs in 20% of US children during any given year. Even in Bangladesh it’s a very common scenario.

Common mental illness of children:
Common mental health disorders and difficulties encountered during childhood and the teenage years include:

Anxiety disorders: Children with anxiety disorders respond to certain things or

situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety (nervousness), such as a rapid heartbeat and sweating.

Disruptive behavior disorders: Children with these disorders tend to defy rules Pervasive development disorders: Children with these disorders are confused in

and often are disruptive in structured environments, such as school.

their thinking and generally have problems understanding the world around them.

In those family where a child don’t experience divorce. the teachers are friendly. • Schizophrenia: This is a serious disorder that involves distorted perceptions and thoughts. behavioural problems. If the child is enjoying its school. called tics. . fight between parents or other family problems there a child possess a good mental health. • Affective (mood) disorders: These disorders involve persistent feelings of sadness and/or rapidly changing moods. Other mental disorders are ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). • Tic disorders: These disorders cause a person to perform repeated. anxiety and a range of related anxiety disorders ranging from simple phobias to social anxiety. involuntary and often meaningless movements and sounds. as well as unusual behaviors.• Eating disorders: Eating disorders involve intense emotions and attitudes. generalised anxiety disorder and PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and psychotic disorders. friends are nice then it helps them a lot in improvement of mental health. Ideal environment for good mental health: A loving family is very important for the development of a good mental health of a child. or ASD). Loving parents and family always work as positive stimuli here. • Elimination disorders: These disorders affect behavior related to the elimination of body wastes (feces and urine). As well as a good schooling is very much important here. associated with weight and/or food. autism and Asperger syndrome (the Autism Spectrum Disorders. sudden.

Common signs with children with mental disorder: It's perfectly normal for many children to feel sad. sadness or irritability When children are mentally upset. Signs to look out for might include: • • • • • • • • • Decline in school performance poor grades despite strong efforts regular worry or anxiety repeated refusal to go to school or take part in normal children's activities hyperactivity or fidgeting persistent nightmares persistent disobedience or aggression frequent temper tantrums depression. As long as these feelings do not last or interfere too much in their ordinary activities there's probably nothing to worry about. The good company and friends always count as a positive energy here they provide the child some positive charge which helps a lot. So all in all. these options needed t be present in a child’s life to develop or possess a good mental health. they may: .Even the companies of the child influence a lot in the development of its mental health. They can show some other signs too For example. their behaviour can be unpredictable. If a child seems to be experiencing distress which is more severe or long lasting it could be a sign of mental health problems. angry or upset from time to time and this can be expressed through disruptive behaviour or moodiness.

including individual counseling. such as moving house. Some causes of mental disorder in children: There are some common reasons what drag a child to depression. emotional or sexual abuse Events that aren't obviously traumatic. losing a favorite toy. They may also resurface later and seriously affect the young person's future. Solutions and suggestions: It's important not to let difficulties continue for too long. such as fear of failure or being bullied having a parent who's depressed or anxious witnessing repeated arguing or domestic abuse feeling lonely or left out the death of a pet a new stepfamily physical.• • • • • become angry and frightened or aggressive seem so depressed that you are afraid they will harm themselves refuse to accept that their behaviour is in any way unusual feel unable to cope with day-to-day life behave in a hostile manner towards you These signs will help a parent to identify whether his child is suffering from mental illness or not. There are lots of types of help available. They are given below: • • • • • • • • losing a parent or loved one through family break-up or bereavement problems at school. the arrival of a new baby or being left for a long time with a person they don't know. . as they can destroy a child's confidence and self-esteem. can also cause long-term distress.

it’s very necessary that the mental health of a child is healthy. Let’s discuss about them 1. 4. music and dance: Different art therapies will help a child to develop its mind in a positive direction. Its very necessary when a child is facing a lot of stress in life. Even if parents take a child for individual counseling at the initial stage of mental stress then it provides a good result. Conclusion: At the end we can say that. And its result will be a society with no hopes. And. that will lead us to a better future and a shining tomorrow. So all these can help a child to reduce its mental stress and disorders. music and dance. There is no alternative of a good family structure. Today if children are suffering from mental disorder or illness then it is totally our failure. So in this case. . Drama is very imaginary. including drama. Individual counseling: individual counseling is always very helpful for a child. behavior therapy and group work. 3. loving family and a clean society for the good mental health of children. Art therapies. music can help a child to lose in beautiful world of sounds and dance is known as freedom of life. today who is a child tomorrow he will be a leader. Family therapy: family therapy is also very helpful in these cases. including therapy. art therapies. citizen or ambassador of hope. 2. Behaviour therapy and group work: in western countries its very common to take the child for behavior therapy and group work for progress.

NHS Confederation Mental Health Network .parentlineplus. Medicinenet. 2012 www. 4. Reviewed by Marina Katz.youngminds. National Alliance on Mental Illness .uk 3.References: 2. MD on February 20.

Marzuq Chowdhury ID: 2009-1-10-036 Section: 02 Date of submission: 1st August. Parveen Huque Adjunct Faculty Department of Social Sciences East West University SUBMITTED BY: MD. 2012 .ASSIGNMENT ON GEN 205 MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN SUBMITTED TO: Dr.