SKEMA JAWAPAN PERCUBAAN PMR 2012 MRSM SCIENCE PAPER 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 D C B B D A C A B C 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 B B B D A C D D A C 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 A D A C B C D B A D 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 A C C D A C D B D B

SCIENCE PAPER 2 1. a) b) P - Living things , Q – Fossil Fuel , R – Water Soil – as habitat for animals and plants Air – needed for combustion and respiration i) Potential energy ii) Decrease iii) Potential energy kinetic energy Blender & Vacuum Cleaner i) Energy can last longer for future. (Accept any relevant answers) i) sound ii) Label in the diagram (eardrum) iii) Eardrum cannot vibrate when sound waves flow. i) Use a soft wall / cushion ii) soft wall can absorb the sound and prevent from reflection of sound. can detect the direction of sound accurately. i) ii) iii) i) ii) iii) to supply oxygen Iron + oxygen  iron oxide P, R, Q carbon, oxygen, calcium lime water turns cloudy / milky / chalky to neutralise the acidity of the soil. Substance K is alkaline. Mangrove tree : prop roots Cucumber plant : tendrils i) the balsam plant will stand upright ii) turgidity of cell increase

2. a)

b) c)

3. a)

b) c) 4. a)

b)

5. a) b)

c) d)

i) In model Q is supported by water/buoyancy of water ii) water support the aquatic animals weight when in water. Internal organs crushed Small endoskeleton. i) ii) iii) i) ii) pink to blue. rod absorb heat from boiling water and dried the moist cobalt chloride paper. moist cobalt chloride paper at copper rod. cool air from outside enter in by the windows and go up and out by the ventilation system. Hot air goes upwards while cool air moves downward. This make the house cooler.

6. a)

b)

7. a)

b)

c) 8. a)

T – remains the same U – remains the same V – precipitate is formed ii) S, V T, U Brick red precipitate is formed when distilled water P is tested with the Benedict’s solution because glucose can diffuse through the visking tube as glucose molecules are smaller than starch. yellow  blue black i) ii) Brightness of the bulb Q is lower than P. Brightness of the bulb Q is lower than P because number of turns in primary coil is more than secondary coil. iii) The more number of turns in secondary coil, the more brightness of the bulb. i) 2.7 , 4.5 ii) (straight line graf) The more the number of turns in secondary coil, the higher the value of the output voltage. more than 3.6V but less than 4.5V. MV - the number of turns in secondary coil RV - higher the value of the output voltage Step-up transformer is shown by the value of output voltage.

i)

b) c) d) e) f)