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Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions Headquarter

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Group figures
Danfoss is a family-owned, global company (no public shares, but approx. 1% employee shares) Net sales 2002: EUR 2,000 mill Employees: 17,000 worldwide Production of 250,000 items per day

Europe Manufacturing sites Sales companies Agents and distributors 38 56

North Latin America America 8 8 3 7

Africa 1 2

Asia 3 15

Pacific 0 2

Total 53 90 56

CF-C 2003-09

4

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Drives Industrial Controls

Water Valves

High Pressure Pumps

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
• Swash plate pumps first developed in early 1950 for mobile hydraulics • Pumps for tap water developed in 1989-1994 • More than 12000 pumps installed in different industries

•APP range developed 2000 – 2001 based on the tap water pump •Pumps running for more than 20.000 hours …without maintenance. •Over 1600 pumps working worldwide.

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
• Low energy consumption …due to high efficiencies!

Typical volumetric efficiencies at 80 bar APP5.1 - APP10.2
100

98

96

%

94

92

90

88 750 1000 1250 1500 1800

RPM
APP5.1 APP6.5 APP7,2 APP8,2 APP10.2

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
• Wide flow range
Typical Flow Curves at 80 bar (1160 PSI)
180

160

140

120 Flow (l/min)

100

80

60

40

20

0
750 1000 1250 1500 1800

Rpm APP5.1 APP6.5 APP7.2 APP8.2 APP10.2

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Typical Flow Curves at 80 Bar ( 1160 psi )
40,0 35,0 30,0

Flow ( l/min )

25,0 20,0 15,0 10,0 5,0 0,0 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000

Pump Rpm
APP 0,6 APP 1,0 APP 1,8 APP 2,2

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
•Low pulsation, Compact Design

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Pulsations and loss in flow
100,00 99,00 98,00 97,00 96,00 95,00 20

Delta Pressure
pulsation
loss

40

80

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions

1): 2): 4, 5, 6,7, 8,11):

Ceramic, Carbon and NBR rubber W.nr:1.4401 , AISI 316 W.nr:1.4410 , SAF 2205, Duplex W.nr:1.4462 , SAF 2507, Super Duplex

10):

Carbon reinforced PEEK

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions

CPT curves for stainless grades in neutral solutions with various chloride contents. 254 SMO, and SAF2507 are typically not attacked when used in seawater desalination.

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Horizontal or vertical installations with the pump hanging down

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Energy Consumption ηvol APP1,0 APP2,2 APP8,2 APP10,2 95% 98% 97% 98% ηmek 92% 90% 92% 93% Kw/m3 @ 80 bar 2,8 2,5 2,6 2,5

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
All around the pump…

Check valves, standpipes, high pressure hoses with Victaulic connections and…

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Service Demand
• No breakdowns due to wear and tear reported since the introduction of the APP pumps. Several pumps have run for more than 20.000 hours in various ROplants. • Over a 3 year-period it is recommended to incorporate an overhaul of the pump replacing pistons, valve plate and the mechanical shaft sealing.

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
All Combinations available
•Pump sets available for all voltages and surroundings. •EEx-proof Zone II pump sets mounted with stainless steel bell housing and certificates on request. •All Pumps are ATEX approved for operation in hazardous areas. •The compact design and light weight ensure easy replacement and service without lifting gear.

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Acoustic Noise 1 m from isolated pump
APP0,6 – APP2,2 have 5 pistons and APP5,1 – APP10,2 have 9 pistons generating flow variations (pulsations) as little as 1.5%. The valve plates are equipped with slots both in the in and outlet minimising the pulsations that eventually will generate noise further downstream in the system.

1000 rpm@ 40 bar APP1,0 APP2,2 APP8,2 71 dba 71 dba 74 dba

1000 rpm @ 100 bar 72 dba 71 dba 73 dba

1500 rpm @ 40 bar 75 dba 75dba 77 dba

1500 rpm @ 100 bar 73 dba 72 dba 75 dba

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Energy Recovery on 500 m3/day plants
Plant in Spain •3 x APP8.2 running in parallel giving 20 m3/h •ERI Pressure Exchanger and Booster Pump •Total energy consumption 2.3kW/m3 Plant in Turkey • 4 x APP6.5 running in parallel one with a VLT to adjust the flow range •ERI Pressure Exchanger and Booster Pump •Total Energy consumption 2.04 kW/m3

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
Energy Recovery – Reversing Pumps
40 100 60
APP

M

APP

APP

M

i=1

APP

APP

APP

M

APP

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions

APP 1.0 / APM 0.6 Energy consumption vs pressure double shaft electrical motor
5,00 4,80 4,60 4,40 4,20 4,00 3,80 3,60 3,40 3,20 3,00 50 55 Bar 60

kWh/m3

0,25 m3/h 0,31 m3/h 0,37 m3/h

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions

APP 1.0 / APM 0.6 Energy consumption vs Permate double shaft electrical motor
4,40 4,20 4,00 3,80 3,60 3,40 3,20 3,00 0,25 0,31
m3/h

kWh/m3

50 bar 55 bar 60 bar

0,37

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions Summary

Low energy consumption

• Long service life • Corrosion resistant • High pressure operation • Wide flow range • Low pulsations • Compact design

Amafilter – Germany Aqua Fresh – UK AquaLyng – Spain Balder – Spain Berkefeld – Germany Cadaqua – Spain Culligan - Italy Delca – The Nederlands Desal Supplies – UK DSS – Denmark Gefico – Spain HOH – Danmark HOH Canaries - Spain Membrane SRL – Italy Odis – Israel Salcon – Australia Seafrech – UK Sisyan – Mexico SK Water – US SOE - China Sole – Spain Tamak – US TCA – Spain Temak – Greece Tesaqua – Spain Vivendi – Global WET - US

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions
References:

Idaqdua – Spain H2AU - Australia

Mærsk – Olie & Gas Hydrotech - Spain Magic Boats – Spain Arabaust – Dubai Peter Taboada – Spain Malta Desalination - Malta ID&WT - Denmark

Morkeblå – Norge TCA - Spain

Danfoss A/S RO-Solutions

Thank you for your attention any Questions?