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Pakistan Army

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Pakistan Army

Pakistan Army

Founded Country Type

14 August 1947 Pakistan Army 550,000 active troops 500,000 reserves Rawalpindi, GHQ Arabic:Iman, Taqwa, Jihad fi Sabilillah




A follower of none but Allah, The fear of Allah, Jihad for Allah.[1]


Green and White


Defence Day: September 6 1947 Indo-Pakistan War 1965 Indo-Pakistan War 1971 Indo-Pakistan War


Soviet-Afghan War Siachen conflict Kargil War Global War on Terror

Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani Field Marshal Ayub Khan Notable commanders General Yahya Khan General Zia-ul-haq General Pervez Musharraf

Aircraft flown
Attack Bell AH-1 Cobra Bell 412, Bell 407, Bell 206, Bell UH-1 Huey Mil Mi-8/17, Aérospatiale Alouette III, Bell 412



The Pakistan Army (Urdu: ‫ پ اک ف وج‬Pak Fouj (IPA: ); reporting name: PA) is the uniform service branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. The Pakistan Army came into existence after the independence of Pakistan in 1947. It is currently headed by General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani. The Pakistan Army is a volunteer professional fighting force.[2] According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)

it has an active force of 620,000 personnel in 2012.[3] The Pakistani constitution contains a provision for conscription, but it has never been imposed. Since independence, the Army has been involved in four wars with neighboring India and several border skirmishes with Afghanistan. It maintained division and brigade strength presences in some of the Arab countries during the past Arab-Israeli Wars, and aided the Coalition in the first Gulf War. Other major operations undertaken by the Army include Operation Black Thunderstorm and Operation Rah-e-Nijat. Apart from conflicts, the Army has been an active participant in UN missions and played a major role in rescuing trapped American soldiers from Mogadishu, Somalia in 1993 in Operation Gothic Serpent. The President of Pakistan is the Commander-in-Chief and supreme commander of the Army.

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1 Mission 2 History o 2.1 1947–1958 o 2.2 1958–1969 o 2.3 1969–1971 o 2.4 1971–1977 o 2.5 1977–1999 o 2.6 1999–present 3 UN Peacekeeping Missions 4 Organization o 4.1 Command Structure o 4.2 Commissioned officers rank o 4.3 Structure of Army units o 4.4 Operational Commands o 4.5 Corps o 4.6 Other Field Formations o 4.7 Regiments o 4.8 Special forces 5 Combat doctrine 6 Involvement in Pakistani Society 7 Personnel o 7.1 Personnel training  7.1.1 Enlisted ranks  7.1.2 Officer ranks  Academic institutions  Science and Technology o 7.2 Uniforms o 7.3 Ethnic Composition o 7.4 Women and minorities

6 Recipients of Foreign awards 8 Equipment 9 Arms 10 Armour 11 Artillery inventory 12 Aircraft inventory 13 Anti-tank missiles 14 Air defence systems 15 Sports 16 References 17 External links o o [edit] Mission Pakistan Army Leadership Chief of Army Staff Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Organisation and Components Structure of the Pakistan Army Frontier Corps Frontier Works Organisation Special Service Group Army Cantonment Board Pakistan Armoured Corps Installations General Headquarters Pakistan Military Academy Command and Staff College National Defence University Personnel Army Ranks of Pakistan .          7.5 Recipients of Nishan-e-Haider 7.

defend Pakistan against external aggression or threat of war. .Pakistan Army Generals Equipment Modern equipment History and Traditions Military history of Pakistan UN Peacekeeping Missions Pakistan Army FC Awards. The soon to be created Dominion of Pakistan received six armoured. under the directions of the Federal Government. Decorations and Badges Awards and Decorations Nishan-e-Haider Pakistan Army serves as the land-based branch of the Pakistan Military. Fearing that India would take over the state of Kashmir. subject to law.[5] [edit] History See also: Military history of Pakistan [edit] 1947–1958 General Ayub Khan arriving to take command of the Pakistan Army in 1951 The Pakistan Army was created on 30 June 1947 with the division of the British Indian Army. irregulars. and. Chapter 2 of PART XII of Pakistani Constitution defines the purpose of the Army as:[4]  The Armed Forces shall. act in aid of civil power when called upon to do so. eight artillery and eight infantry regiments compared to the 12 armoured. forty artillery and twenty one infantry regiments that went to India.

to obey Pakistani leader Jinnah's orders to move the army into Kashmir. The sole division headquarters that went to Pakistan was the 7th. Losses were relatively heavy—on the Indian side with 83 aircraft. the Pakistan Army received large amounts of economic and military aid from the United States and Great Britain after signing two mutual defence treaties. twenty aircraft. . Tensions with India continued in the 1960s and a brief border skirmish was fought near the Rann of Kutch area during April 1965. The war ended in the Tashkent Declaration and is widely regarded by neutral sources to have been a stalemate. Highly effective support from the Pakistan Air Force. British officer General Sir Frank Messervy. The accurate artillery fire provided by the PA artillery units is also stated to have played a significant role. which led to the formation of the Central Treaty Organization.A.scouts and tribal groups entered Kashmir to oppose the Maharaja of Kashmir and Kashmiri Hindus and Sikhs in 1947. which the PA did not expect and was not prepared or equipped for. This led to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. 15 Div was raised in 1950. and 15000 troops while the Pakistani side sustained. each side held prisoners and some territory belonging to the other. during the 1950s. the Baghdad Pact. [edit] 1958–1969 Main article: Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 Pakistan Army took over from poiliticians for the first time when General Ayub Khan came to power through a bloodless coup in 1958. Later. 8th and 9th Divisions were raised in 1947. and 3. 200 tanks. Eventually a ceasefire agreement was reached. an attempt to remove Indian forces from the disputed territory of Indian-administered Kashmir. This aid greatly expanded the Army from its modest beginnings. According to the Library of Congress Country Studies conducted by the Federal Research Division of the United States[6] The war was militarily inconclusive. is often considered to have neutralised India's advantage in quantity of forces. which was unexpected. A ceasefire followed on UN intervention with Pakistan occupying the northwestern part of Kashmir and India occupying the rest. At some point before 1954. The Indian Army counter-attacked by trying to invade undisputed Pakistani territory and the PA's goals changed from gaining control of Indian-administered Kashmir to defending Pakistani territory from invading Indian forces. He formed Convention Muslim League which includes Pakistan's first elected Prime Minister Z. Bhutto. 6 Division was disbanded at some point after 1954 as US assistance was available only for one armoured and six infantry divisions. The Pakistan Army initiated Operation Gibraltar. 6 Division was raised and 9 Division disbanded. 12th and 14 Divisions were raised in 1948. The Pakistan Army considers itself to have achieved a victory because it managed to force a stalemate against a significantly larger force attacking sovereign Pakistani territory at different points. even though the Maharaja chose to join the Union of India. and the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) in 1954. 547 tanks. Regular army units joined the invasion later on but were stopped after the refusal of the army chief of staff. Indian sources disagree and call the end result an Indian victory. 10.800 troops.

S. Rummel wrote: In East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) [the President of Pakistan.[11] within one month.S. with support from local political and religious militias. Rummel published a book. Pakistan Army high command commanders had not seriously considered an Indian invasion of East Pakistan until December 1971 because it was presumed that the Indian military would not risk Chinese or U. And they planned to destroy its economic base to insure that it would be subordinate to West Pakistan for at least a generation to come. They also planned to indiscriminately murder hundreds of thousands of its Hindus and drive the rest into India. especially against Hindus. Calculations.) Agha Humayun Amin. (Retd. cultural. available on the web.An uprising against General Ayub Khan during 1968 and 1969 resulted in Ayub Khan relinquishing his office as President and Chief of Army Staff in favour of General Yahya Khan. had not made any real effort to persuade India against attacking East Pakistan. official as saying "It is the most incredible. and political elite. J.[8][9] Time reported a high ranking U. intervention. Maj Mazhar states that the PA's senior command failed to realise that the Chinese would be unable to intervene during the winter months of November to December 1971 period due to snowbound Himalayan passes and the U.[12] The main phase of Operation Searchlight ended with the fall of the last major town in Bengali hands in mid May. In 1997 R. This plan may be perceived as genocide. 16 Division. called Operation Searchlight.S. Operation Searchlight. called "Statistics of Democide: Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1900".[14] ."[10] The original plan envisioned taking control of the major cities on 26 March 1971. The prolonged Bengali resistance was not anticipated by Pakistani planners. and then eliminating all opposition. In Chapter 8 called "Statistics Of Pakistan's Democide Estimates. political or military. and Bangladesh Liberation War During the rule of General Yahya Khan. 18 Division and 23 Division were raised at some point between 1966 and 1969 and 9 Division was re-raised during this period. [edit] 1969–1971 Main articles: 1971 Bangladesh atrocities.[7] Beginning with the start of Operation Searchlight on 25 March 1971 and due to the Bangladesh Liberation War.[13] According to Maj. the people of East Pakistan protested against various political and economic disparities that had been imposed on them by West Pakistan and massive civil unrest broke out in East Pakistan. General Agha Mohammed Yahya Khan. And Sources" he looks at the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. and his top generals] also planned to murder its Bengali intellectual. calculated thing since the days of the Nazis in Poland. During operations against these rebels. a faction of the Pakistan Army under General Yahya Khan was responsible for the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities. there were numerous human rights abuses in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) perpetrated by the Pakistan Army. who assumed power in 1969.

In the 1980s. Zia ul-Haq reneged on his promise of holding elections within 90 days and ruled as a military dictator until his death in an air crash in 1988. During the 1st Gulf War Pakistan Army contributed troops for the defence of Saudi Arabia against possible Iraqi retaliation. Various Balochi factions. On 20 December. one as President and the other as Chief Martial Law Administrator. the province returned to normalcy under General Rahimuddin. Although Pakistan Army saw few actions their still it's performance was remarkable. supplied modern military equipment to Pakistan. who at that time was presenting Pakistan's case before the United Nations Security Council on the East Pakistan Crises. during the Soviet-Afghan war to help defend Pakistan against a possible attack by the Soviets. wanted independence or at least greater provincial rights. General Mohammad Iqbal Khan served as a joint chief from 1980 to 1984 and was the Chief Martial Law Officer during that time. The rebellion was put down on the behest of the Bhutto government but the Army suffered heavy casualties.S.S. In 1977 a coup was staged by General Zia ul-Haq and the government was overthrown. Pakistani armed forces co-operated with the United States to provide arms. This led to the hanging of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto after he was tried and proclaimed guilty of conspiracy of murdering a politician named Kasuri by Zia's handpicked judges. The 153 Lt AirDefence (GM/SP) Regiment deployed in Tabuk . After Bhutto was deposed. he was taken to the President House in Rawalpindi where he took over two positions from Yahya Khan.[edit] 1971–1977 A Pakistan International Airlines flight was sent to fetch Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from New York. some with the oblique support of the USSR. The U. Thus he was the first civilian Chief Martial Law Administrator of the Pakistan. These were sold to Pakistan by the U. In the mid-1970s the Pakistan Army was involved in fighting an uprising in Balochistan. Multan. ammunition and intelligence assistance to Afghan mujahideen who were fighting the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. [edit] 1977–1999 Two AH-1S Cobra attack helicopters of the Pakistan Army Aviation Wing at AVN Base. Bhutto returned home on 18 December 1971.

Once the operation ended. Rana Maqbool Ahmed. leading to General Pervez Musharraf coming to power in a bloodless coup. Pakistan initially garrisoned its troops in military bases and forts in the tribal areas. [edit] 1999–present In October 1999. this time Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif sacked Musharraf when he was on his way to Pakistan from Colombo. including Karachi. However. The corps commanders acted swiftly across Pakistan. That was not enough. stop the Talibanization of the region and stop attacks in Afghanistan and Pakistan. the offensive was poorly coordinated and the Pakistan Army suffered heavy casualties. The militants then launched another wave of terrorist attacks inside Pakistan.000 troops along Pakistan's western border to capture or kill Taliban and al-Qaida militants fleeing from Afghanistan. vowed revenge and launched a wave of attacks and suicide bombings which erupted all over North-West Pakistan and major Pakistani cities. the militants did not hold up their end of the bargain and began to regroup and rebuild their strength from the previous two years of conflict.[15] After the September 11 attacks in the United States.scored multiple hits on number of Iraqi Scuds and provided round the clock Air Defence protection to Saudi Troops in the Area. Pakistan joined the US-led War on Terror and helped the United States armed forces by severing ties with the Taliban and immediately deploying 72. On 30 July 2009. After a six month standoff fighting erupted again in July 2007 when the Pakistani military decided to use force to end the Lal Masjid threat. After a two year conflict from 2004 until 2006. an umbrella group of all militants based in FATA. particularly in Karachi and Islamabad. Brigadiar Muzaffar Usmani took control of Karachi Airport and arrested the Inspector General of Sind Police. while public support for the attack quickly evaporated. throughout 2007. However. after the Kargil War ended with the unconditional withdrawal of the Pakistani forces from the Indian controlled peaks. This was roundly criticised in the West as abdicating to the militants. The militants then expanded their base of operations and moved into the neighbouring Swat Valley. but was unable to clear it of the militants who had fled into the mountains and waited for them to leave before taking over the valley again. On the north western front. the plane was not allowed to land at the Karachi Airport and barricaeds were erected on the runway. the newly formed Pakistani Taliban. resulting in additional sanctions being applied against Pakistan. The Pakistan Army launched an offensive to re-take the Swat Valley in 2007. The militants took over the Lal Masjid in Islamabad. However. the Pakistan Supreme Court ruled that Musharraf's imposition of Emergency Rule in 2007 was unconstitutional. the Pakistan Army overthrew a democratically elected government for the fourth time. In May 2004 clashes erupted between the Pakistani troops and al-Qaeda's and other militants joined by local rebels and pro-Taliban forces. After initially pledging to lay down their arms if Sharia Law . where they imposed Sharia law. Musharraf stepped down as President in August 2008. The Pakistani government and military tried another peace deal with the militants in Swat Valley in 2008. He dismissed the Army Chief and appointed General Ziauddin Butt as Army Chief when Musarraf's plane was in the air. the Pakistani military negotiated a ceasefire with the tribesmen from the region in which they pledged to hunt down al-Qaeda members.

A US drone attack killed the leader of the Pakistani Taliban. Public opinion then turned decisively against the Pakistani Taliban. The Pakistan Army re-took South Waziristan and is currently thinking of expanding the campaign to North Waziristan. The United Nations has been undertaking peace keeping operations since its inception. after having received orders from the political leadership.[17] [edit] UN Peacekeeping Missions In the wake of the new world power equilibrium a more complex security environment has emerged.000 Blue Berets deployed around the world.000 troops moved on South Waziristan. On April 2012 an avalanche struck the 6th Northern Light Infantry Battalion headquarters in Ghyari sector of Siachen. artillery and mortar attacks.000. In 1992 there were 11. in a three pronged attack.[16] After heavy fighting the Swat Valley was largely pacified by July 2009. the Pakistani Taliban launched another wave of terrorist attacks throughout Pakistan. Similar events and terrorist attacks finally forced the Pakistan Army to launch a decisive attack against the Taliban occupying Swat Valley in April 2009. This opinion was highlighted following the release of a video showing the flogging of a girl by the Pakistani Taliban in Swat Valley. although isolated pockets of Taliban remained in the area.000 troops. It is characterised by growing national power politics and state implosions which have necessitated involvement of the United Nations peace keeping forces for conflict resolution. the Pakistani Taliban subsequently used the Swat Valley as a springboard to launch further attacks into neighbouring regions. Hakimullah Mehsud.was implemented. West Irian (UNSF) 1962–1963 UN Yemen Observer Mission Yemen (UNYOM) 1963–1964 UN Transition Assistance Group in Namibia (UNTAG) 1989–1990 UN Iraq–Kuwait Observer Mission (UNIKOM) 1991–2003 UN Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) 1993– 1996       UN Protection Forces in Bosnia (UNPROFOR) 1992–1995 UN Observer Mission for Rawanda (UNAMIR) 1993–1996 UN Verification Mission in Angola (UNAVEM III) 1995–1997 UN Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia (UNTAES) 1996–1997 UN Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP) 1996–2002 UN Assistance Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) 2001–2005 . The next phase of Pakistan Army's offensive was the formidable Waziristan region. in August. A power struggle engulfed the Pakistani Taliban during September. 30. reaching to within 60 kilometres (37 mi) of Islamabad. entrapping 135 soldiers. but by October a new leader had emerged. Baitullah Mehsud. by the end of the year the figure rose to 52. Under his leadership. killing hundreds of people. Presently it exceeds 80. After a few weeks of air strikes. but the need for employment of peace keeping forces has increased significantly since the Gulf War.       UN Operation in Congo (ONUC) 1960–1964 UN Security Force in New Guinea.

[18] Civil War Burundi Civil War 1. a four-star general. while the Prime Minister of Pakistan served as the Chief Executive of Pakistan Armed Forces.185 Troops.542 Troops. maintains the civilian control of the military. The Chief of the Army Staff (COAS). Prime Minister and President.[18] d'Ivoire Second Sudanese 1.[18] Liberia Second Liberian 2.173 (as of March 2007).[18] Burundi Côte d'Ivoire Civil war in Côte 1. is the highest general officer (unless the four-star general is Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee). [edit] Organization Main articles: Structure of the Pakistan Army and List of serving generals of the Pakistan Army [edit] Command Structure The President of Pakistan is the civilian supreme commander of the Pakistan Armed Forces by statute. both people-elected civilians. .145 Troops.[18] Civil War 191 Observers. Start of Name of Operation operation United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission 1999 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) United Nations 2003 Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) United Nations 2004 Operation in Burundi ONUB United Nations 2004 Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI) United Nations 2005 Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) Staff/Observers  Location Conflict Contribution Democratic Republic of Congo Second Congo War 3.[18] Sudan The total amount of troops serving currently in peacekeeping missions is 10.741 Troops.556 Troops.  UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) 1992–1993 UN Operations in Somalia (UNOSOM) 1992–1995  UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) 1999-to-date The table below shows the current deployment of Pakistani Forces in UN Peacekeeping missions.

the Quarter-Master General (QMG). A major reorganisation in GHQ was done in September 2008 under General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani. the Adjutant General (AG). non-commissioned officers and the junior commissioned officers. the Inspector General of Training and Evaluation (IGT and E). Commissioned Officers Ranks of the Pakistan Army Pay grade O-10 O-9 O-8 O-7 O-6 O-5 O-4 O-3 O-2 O-1 Insignia Title Abbreviat ion NATO Major Lieutena Lieutena Second . the Engineer-in-Chief of the Corps of Engineers who is also head of Military Engineering Service (MES).[19] The headquarters function also includes the Judge Advocate General (JAG). when two new PSO positions were introduced: the Inspector General Arms and the Inspector General Communications and IT. the Chief of Logistics Staff (CLS). near Islamabad. and the Comptroller of Civilian Personnel. and the Engineer-in-Chief. [edit] Commissioned officers rank Main article: Army ranks of Pakistan The rank structure is patterned on the British Army model. The Principal Staff Officers (PSO) assisting him in his duties at the LieutenantGeneral level include a Chief of General Staff (CGS).Brigadi Colon Capta Lieuten General ntntMajor Lieuten Gener er el in ant General Colonel ant al Gen OF-10 LGen MGen Brig OF-9 Col LCol OF-5 Maj Capt Lt OF-2 SLt OF-1 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-4 OF-3 . It consists of commissioned officers. all of them also report to the Chief of the Army Staff. under whom the Military Operations and Intelligence Directorates function. there were still serving Christian officers the highest rank being attained by Major General Julian Peter who served as the General Officer Commanding of a Division and as general staff officer at Army Headquarters up-till 2006. Although most of the officer corps were generally Muslim by the 1970s. the Military Secretary (MS). directs the non-combat and combatant operations from army combatant headquarters in Rawalpindi.a field and operational commander as well as a highest army four-star general officer. thus raising the number of PSO's to eight. a top army topographer.

which are Arms and Services. Structure of Non-Commissioned Officers Ranks of Pakistan Army Pay grade OR-9 Insignia OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1 No No insign insignia ia Battali Compa on Battalion Company No ny Havild Lance Havild Quartermas Quartermas Naik Sepoy Equivale Havilda ar Naik ar ter Havildar ter Havildar nt r Major Major BQMH OR-8 CHM OR-7 CQMH OR-6 HLD OR-5 NK LN S NE Title Abbreviati BHM on NATO OR-9 Code OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1 Junior Commissioned Officer Ranks Insignia Subedar Major (infantry and Title other arms)/Risaldar Major (cavalry and armour) Subedar (infantry and other arms)/Risaldar (cavalry and armour) Naib Subedar (infantry and other arms)/Naib Risaldar (cavalry and armour) [edit] Structure of Army units The Pakistan Army is divided into two main branches.Code 2-star Rank 4-star 3-star 1-star Gener Hierarchy General General Officer al Non-commissioned officers wear respective regimental color chevrons on the right sleeve.  Arms o o o  Armoured Corps Infantry Artillery Services o Army Services Corps(ASC) o Corps of Military Police o Military Intelligence Corps . Company / battalion appointments wear the appointments badges on the right wrist. Centre point of the uppermost chevron must remain 10 cm from the point of the shoulder.

three commands. Artillery and Anti-Tank divisions and brigades. Headquarters. There are 13 Corps in Pakistan Army. Each command is directly affiliated to the Army HQ in Rawalpindi. drawing on Pakistani media sources.o o o o o o Air Defence Engineers Signals Aviation Airborne Chemical corps[citation needed] o o o o o o o o Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (EME) Army Ordnance Corps Medical Science Corps Army Dental Corps Remount Veterinary and Farms Corps Army Education Corps Army Clerical Corps JAG Branch [edit] Operational Commands The army operates three commands during peace time. which has been heavily engaged in fighting the Taliban and other extremists along Pakistan's north-western border. part of Forces Command Northern Areas. and 323rd Infantry Brigade. There are three types of corps in the Pakistani Army: Strike. Mechanised. Army Strategic Forces Command is responsible for training. The last Corps is called the Northern Area Command which is Headquartered at Gilgit and is reported to have 5 Infantry Brigades. According to Globalsecurity. The Corps HQ is the highest field formation in the army. Rawalpindi. Armoured. Pakistani Army. 9 of these Corps are composed of Infantry. Punjab  o V Corps – headquartered at Karachi . on the Siachen Glacier. Holding and Mixed. Army Air Defence Command is another Corps of Pakistan Army which plays the role of Anti-Aircraft Artillery whereas Army Aviation Corps provides air support to Pakistan Army. Each command is headed by General Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Lieutenant General. have been formed: Northern Command. The peace time commands are given below in their correct order of raising. and Southern Command. deployment and activation of Pakistan's nuclear supervising a number of corps each. Central Command. A corps has Army divisions under its command.[22][23][24][25][26][27] Forces in action or poised for action include XI Corps. A command generally consists of two or more corps.[20][21] [edit] Corps A corps is an army field formation responsible for a zone within a command theatre. and location (city).

 o o o I Corps – headquartered at Mangla Cantonment  6th Armoured Division headquartered at Gujranwala  17th Infantry Division headquartered at Kharian  37th Infantry Division headquartered at Kharian  11th Independent Armoured Brigade  Independent Air Defense Brigade  Independent Artillery Brigade  Independent Infantry Brigade II Corps – headquartered at Multan  1st Armoured Division headquartered at Multan  14th Infantry Division headquartered at Okara  40th Infantry Division headquartered at Okara  Independent Armoured Brigade  Independent Air Defense Brigade  Independent Artillery Brigade  Independent Infantry Brigade IV Corps – headquartered at Lahore  2nd Artillery Division headquartered at Gujranwala  10th Infantry Division headquartered at Lahore  11th Infantry Division headquartered at Lahore  3rd Independent Armoured Brigade  212th Infantry Brigade o o o 16th Infantry Division headquartered at Pano Aqil  18th Infantry Division headquartered at Hyderabad  25th Mechanised Division headquartered at Malir[28]  31st Mechanised Brigade headquartered at Malir  2nd Armoured Brigade headquartered at Malir  Independent Armoured Brigade  Independent Artillery Brigade X Corps – headquartered at Rawalpindi  12th Infantry Division headquartered at Murree  19th Infantry Division headquartered at Mangla  23rd Infantry Division headquartered at Jhelum  Force Command Northern Areas – headquartered at Gilgit  111th Infantry Brigade headquartered at Rawalpindi  8th Armoured Brigade headquartered at Kharian  Independent Artillery Brigade XI Corps – headquartered at Peshawar  7th Infantry Division headquartered at Peshawar  9th Infantry Division headquartered at Kohat  Independent Armoured Brigade headquartered at Nowshera XII Corps – headquartered at  .

Each Division composes of several Brigades. It is headed by a Brigadier. In addition to the Brigades in various Army Divisions. It usually consists of 15. equivalent to a Brigadier General in some armies. 2 Strategic Divisions and 1 Artillery Division. An Infantry Brigade usually has 3 Infantry Battalions along with various Support Arms & Services. the Pakistani Army also has 7 Independent Armoured Brigades. 2 Armoured Divisions. It is the largest striking force in the army. 2 Mechanized Divisions. Each Division is headed by [General Officer Commanding] (GOC) in the rank of Major General. Punjab  21st Division headquartered at Pano Aqil  22nd Division headquartered at Sargodha  o o [edit] Other Field Formations   Division: An Army Division is an intermediate between a Corps and a Brigade. Currently.000 support elements. 5 Independent Artillery Brigades.000 combat troops with supporting elements. Brigade: A Brigade generally consists of around 3. the Pakistani Army has 29 Divisions including 20 Infantry Divisions.000 combat troops and 8. 2 Air Defence Divisions.o o Independent Artillery Brigade XXX Corps – headquartered at Gujranwala  8th Infantry Division headquartered at Sialkot  15th Infantry Division headquartered at Sialkot  2nd Independent Armoured Brigade  Independent Anti-Tank Brigade  Independent Artillery Brigade XXXI Corps – headquartered at Bahawalpur  26th Mechanised Division headquartered at Bahawalpur[28]  35th Infantry Division headquartered at Bahawalpur  13th Independent Armoured Brigade  101st Independent Infantry Brigade  Quetta 33rd Infantry Division headquartered at Quetta  41st Infantry Division headquartered at Quetta  Independent Infantry Brigade headquartered at Turbat  Independent Armoured Brigade headquartered at Khuzdar  Artillery Division headquarters at Pano Aqil Army Air Defence Command – headquartered at Rawalpindi. 3 . Punjab  3rd Air Defence Division headquartered at Sargodha  4th Air Defence Division headquartered at Malir Army Strategic Forces Command – headquartered at Rawalpindi.

but are dispersed over various formations. The infantry regiment in the Pakistani Army is an administrative military organisation and not a field formation. a Platoon is headed by a Lieutenant or depending on the availability of Commissioned Officers. Islamabad There are several battalions or units associated together in an infantry regiment. with the rank of Subedar or Naib-Subedar. It consists of more than 900 combat personnel. Battalion: A Battalion is commanded by a Lieutenant-Colonel and is the Infantry's main fighting unit. Commanded by a Non-commissioned officer of the rank of Havildar Major or Sergeant Major. Company: Headed by the Major/Captain. It has a total strength of about 30–36 troops. [edit] Regiments Pakistan's Honor Guards at the Aiwan-e-Sadr. 3 Anti-Tank Brigades. viz. battalions of the same regiment may serve together for a tenure.     Independent Infantry Brigades. usually in another sector or terrain when its tenure is over. An infantry battalion serves for a period of time under a formation and then moves to another. Section: Smallest military outfit with a strength of about 9–13 personnel. divisions and corps. brigades. Platoon: An intermediate between a Company and Section. Regiments of the Pakistani Army include:  Infantry: o Pu nja b Re gi me nt  Army AirDefence: o Medium AD Regiment (Med) o Light AD Regiment(Lt ) o GunMissile  Armoured Corps: o Ca val ry o La nc ers  Artillery Corps o Fiel d Reg ime nt o Mo   Co rps of En gin eer s Av . These Independent Brigades operate directly under the Corps Commander (GOC Corps). a Company comprises about 120–150 soldiers. a Junior Commissioned Officer. Regiment: A regiment is commanded by a Colonel. Most of the infantry regiments of the Pakistani Army originate from the old British Indian Army and recruit troops from a region or of specific ethnicities. All the battalions of a regiment do not fight together as one formation. Occasionally.

o o o o o Bal och Re gi me nt Fro ntie r For ce Re gi me nt (FF ) Az ad Ka sh mir Re gi me nt (A K) Sin d Re gi me nt No rth ern Lig ht Inf ant ry (N LI) o o o o o Regiment (Light)(Lt GM) GunMissile/ SelfPropelle d Regiment (Light)(Lt GM/SP) SAM Regiment Missile Regiment (RBS70) Radar Controlled Gun Regiment (RCG) Survellence Controlling Reporting Regiment (SC&R) o Ho rse o o o o o unt ain Reg ime nt Me diu m Reg ime nt Hea vy Reg ime nt Self Pro pell ed (Me d) Reg ime nt (SP Me d) Self Pro pell ed (He avy ) Reg ime nt (SP Hv y) Met and Loc atin g     iati on Co rps Co rps of Si gn als Co rps of El ect ric al an d M ec ha nic al En gin eer ing M edi cal Co rps Co rps of Mi lita ry Po lic e .

It is an elite special operations force similar to the United States Army Special Forces (Green Berets) and the British Army's SAS. .o o Reg ime nt (M AS) Mul ti Bar rel Roc ket Lau nch er Reg ime nt (M BR L) Mul tipl e Lau nch ing Roc ket Sys tem Reg ime nt (M LR S) [edit] Special forces The Special Services Group (SSG) is an independent commando regiment/corps of the Pakistan Army.

100 men. the PA's standard assault rifle. The Pakistan Army has developed a doctrine called the Riposte which is a limited "offensivedefence"[30] doctrine. It has refined it consistently starting in 1989 during the "Exercise Zarb-eMomin". both armies will be evenly matched in the first 24 hours since the Pakistani units have to travel a shorter distance to their forward positions. Any counter attack would be very tricky against the large number of Indian troops involved. Pakistan might have parity or numerical superiority against the Indians. The vulnerability of Pakistan is that so many of its major population centres and politically and military sensitive targets lie very close to the border with India. However. India. This doctrine entails Pakistan in the event of hostilities with India will not wait for the enemy's offensive. The response of the Pakistani army includes the development of the Nasr missile. Since Indian forces will not reach their maximum strength near the border for another 48–72 hours. India has substantially enhanced its offensive capabilities.Official numbers are put at 2. This doctrine is fully focused towards Pakistan's archenemy. in 3 battalions.[29] It is estimated to have been increased to 4 Battalions. The offensive will be a limited advance along narrow fronts with the aim of occupying territory near the border to a depth of 40–50 km. The Pakistani Army hopes to accomplish three things under this strategy:[31] . ‘Strategic depth’ in the form of a friendly Afghanistan is deemed vital by military planners. [edit] Combat doctrine A Pakistan Army soldier deployed during an exercise and armed with the Heckler & Koch G3. In this regard. 4. 2. with the Cold Start Doctrine. but rather launch an offensive of its own. with the eventual formation of 2 Brigades of Special Forces (6 Battalions). Holding formations in both India and Pakistan can man their forward defensive positions and fortifications in less than 24 hours. however the actual strength is classified. The doctrine is derived from several factors:[31] 1. 3. As such Pakistan can ill-afford to lose large territories to an Indian attack. Corps level reserves with large stockpiles of munitions will take between 24 to 72 hours for mobilisation after being given their orders.

meaning they can be used for offensive as well as defensive (holding) purposes. mid and low level doctrines for the army. will give the Pakistani Army a bargaining chip to be used in the aftermath of a ceasefire brought about by international pressure after 3–4 weeks of fighting. These reserve formations are dual-capable. the Army in the 1990s created a strong centralised corps of reserves for its formations. To this end. Kashmir. when it becomes openly available. Against cold start and proactive operations. Pakistan only had 13 day reserves which hampered its military operations. The most likely area where Pakistan might launch its offensive is the semi-desert and desert sectors in southern Punjab and Sindh provinces. the Cold Start Doctrine and its tactical extension. Pakistan Defence Doctrine and a series of publications were developed between 2010 and 2011.1. The intellectual powerhouse for this was led by the Chielf of the Army Staff. The force is known as Army Reserve South and is a grouping of several powerful Corps from Pakistan's Order of Battle. proactive operations were developed and practiced by the Indian Army and later the Navy and the Airforce variants thereof. The Kargil conflict and the military standoff with India in 2002 led to various stability theories being viewd with scepticism on both sides. During the 1965 war for instance. The Azm-e-Nau (New Resolve) [32][33] series of war games were conducted and a new doctrine evolved. the Pakistan Army Doctrine. 2. The use of tactical battlefield nuclear missile such as Nasr missile that provide maximal damage against massed troops for extremely limited collateral casualties. . The Pakistan Army Doctrine. The possibility of a major war of the sort against which earlier doctrines had eveolved came in to question after May 1998 when both sides overtly demonstrated their nuclear capability. Traditionally secretive and protective of its doctrines. The Army set up a doctrines concepts and development division under a top brigadier to evelove high. These formations have been rapidly equipped with assets needed for mechanised capability. selected corps commanders and a team of senior brigadiers. fuel and other military stockpiles to last for 45 days in case of a conflict. These exrcises and war-games culminated in to the massive Azm-e-Nau 3 which was conducted in the deserts of Bahawalpur and upper Punjab in April and May 2010. 4. India realised the need to drastically reduce the time taken to build up its forces from all over the country towards its western borders and strike early while Pakistani defences on the one hand and diplomatic manoeuvre on the other were still unprepared. would be the first time that Pakistan allows greater insight to its strategic thinking. The enemy is kept off-balance as it will be tied up containing the Pakistani offensive into its territory rather than launching an offensive into Pakistani territory. workings and the use of military power. To supplement this doctrine. Pakistan has also increased its ammunition. Indian territory of strategic importance once seized. The Pakistani Army hopes to contain the fighting on the Indian side of the border so that any collateral or other damage will be suffered by India. 3. the commandant of the Armed Forces War College. Pakistan Army Doctrine with its main authors General Hanif and Brigadier General Zaidi is an opensource document and as such marks a turning point in Pakistan Army's approach to warfare and warfighting in the wake of new challenges. Line of Control and the Northern Punjab areas are heavily fortified and ill-suited for large mechanised offensives. Pakistan began developing its response at the joint services level with notable changes in how the land forces viewed existential and future threat.

and the Special Communication Organization maintained communications networks in remote parts of Pakistan. The army also engaged in extensive corporate activities. Most of these enterprises. Bangladesh and Sri Lanka after they were hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and the resulting tsunami. medical and logistics personnel. For example. such as stud and dairy farms. Both the Pakistan Army and Navy sent ships and helicopters to assist in the tsunami relief operation.[edit] Involvement in Pakistani Society See also: 2009 refugee crisis in Pakistan The Pakistan Army has played an integral part in the government of Pakistan. Army factories produced such goods as sugar.[3] In addition there were around 500. and brass castings and sold them to civilian consumers albeit at prices higher than those charged from military personnel. army engineers. The Army also despatched relief to Indonesia. Pakistan Army's MI-17 helicopter airlifting survivors of flood in northern areas of Pakistan In times of natural disaster. almost since its inception. such as the relief activities after Bangladesh was recently hit by floods. the National Logistics Cell was responsible for trucking food and other goods across the country. The Pakistan Army has been involved in relief activities not only in Pakistan but also in many other countries of the world. [edit] Personnel training . fertiliser. security services and banking. [edit] Personnel According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) the Pakistan Army has an active force of 550.000 reserves.[34] Several army organisations operate in the commercial sector across the country. and the armed forces played a major role in bringing relief and supplies. but others performed functions in local civilian economy such as bakeries. the Frontier Works Organization built the Karakoram Highway to China.000 personnel in 2010. were for the army's own use. such as the great floods of 1992 or the October 2005 devastating earthquake.

have attended the school but reportedly have been critical of its narrow focus and failure to encourage speculative thinking or to give adequate attention to less glamorous subjects. artillery. and given a period of elementary education before their military training actually starts. members of the officer corps have completed twelve years of education and spend two years at the Pakistan Military Academy. [edit] Officer ranks Each year. achieving master's degrees and even doctorates at universities in Pakistan and abroad. which includes English-language skills.[citation needed] The senior training institution for all service branches is the National Defence University. At the apex of the army training system is the Command and Staff College at Quetta. In a program begun in the 1980s to upgrade the intellectual standards of the officer corps and increase awareness of the wider world. the institution was relocated to Islamabad in 1995. [edit] Academic institutions The army has twelve other training and educational establishments. but with the increase in the literacy level the requirements have been raised to Matriculate level (10th Grade). staff duties. Students from foreign countries. engineering. if necessary. including the United States. about 320 men and women enter the army bi-annually through the Pakistan Military Academy at Kakul in Abbottabad in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Islamabad. It also offers courses that allow civilians to explore the broader aspects of national security. including schools concentrating on specific skills such as infantry. electrical engineering and medicine. Recruits are processed gradually through a paternalistically run regimental training center. Enlisted men usually serve for eighteen years. a small group of officers. where trainees numbering well in the . one of the few institutions inherited from the colonial period. with their time divided about equally between military training and academic work to bring them up to a baccalaureate education level. during which they participate in regular training cycles and have the opportunity to take academic courses to help them advance. they develop an attachment to the regiment they will remain with through much of their careers and begin to develop a sense of being a Pakistani rather than primarily a member of a tribe or a village. a small number—like doctors and technical specialists—are directly recruited. and the United States. and are part of the officer corps. has been detailed to academic training. to provide training in higher military strategy for senior officers. In the thirty-six-week training period. The product of a highly competitive selection process. Urdu. administration. and many have only rudimentary literacy skills. The college offers a ten-month course in tactics. such as logistics. and command functions through the division level. signals. taught the official language. Originally established in 1971 at Rawalpindi. The National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) has been established which has absorbed the existing colleges of engineering. Pakistani officers were sent abroad during the 1950s and into the 1960s for training in Britain and other Commonwealth countries. or mountain warfare.[edit] Enlisted ranks Most enlisted personnel used to come from rural families. intelligence.

Rawalpindi. over two-thirds went to the United States. The admissions of engineering colleges are not restricted to civilians as they can also gain admission and graduated with engineering and science degrees from there. usually worn in lieu of the service cap. Brown and black and more recently former US BDU style camouflage fatigues are worn by army troop units. After 1961 this training was coordinated under the International Military Education and Training (IMET) program. and military ethics. Officers purchased their uniforms. the army was a predominantly Punjabi force because of its dominant Population (Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan. jacket or blouse.e. However.hundreds attended a full range of institutions ranging from armoured and infantry schools to the higher staff and command institutions. [edit] Science and Technology Apart from conducting military operations. [edit] Uniforms Pakistan Army uniforms closely resemble those of the British armed services. The fatigues were the same for winter and summer. [edit] Ethnic Composition Traditionally. The service uniform for the ground forces was khaki (sand/tan) cotton. the decorations & awards conferred and finally the rank. but enlisted personnel received a standard uniform issue. Army personnel also wear berets. Officers retire between the ages of fifty-two and sixty. with approximately 45% of the country's total population). The army cadets and officers who wished to study science and technology are given admission at the College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (CEME) and the Military College of Engineering where the scientific and military education are being taught by the colleges. The service uniform was worn for daily duty. Dress uniforms were worn mostly on formal occasions. the Army maintains its own science and technology corps and organisations. and in some cases. dress uniforms. and Campbellpur (now Attock) . which consisted of service and field uniforms. Headgear included a service cap for dress and semi-dress and a field cap worn with fatigues. Of some 200 officers being sent abroad annually in the 1980s. Today there are more than 400 officers serving in foreign countries. three districts: Jhelum. Heavy winter gear was issued as needed. but the cessation of United States aid in 1990 entailed suspension of the IMET program. exercises. The qualification badges. trousers. sweater. depending on their rank. Pakistan again has begun sending officers to US Army schools. Most notable science and engineering corps including Military Engineering Service (MES) Corps of Engineers. and Frontier Works Organisation. There is also a white dress uniform. after the 9/11 attacks. In British India. The uniforms consisted of shirt. fatigues. Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (EME). and boots. The principal colour is greenish brown. The uniform of a Pakistan army soldier exhibits much information i. but numbers varied along with the vicissitudes of the United States-Pakistan military relationship. In 1994 virtually all foreign training was in Commonwealth countries. Its Army Army Strategic Forces Command served as the primary military organisation in the matters of conducting and directing research on nuclear and space (such a s military satellites) and antiquities.

welfare and clerical work and there are also women recruited in very limited numbers for the Janbaz Force. Sindhis: 13.72%. including the one conducted by Inter Services Selection Board however the proportion of religious minorities in the Pakistan Army is still considerably less. rural backgrounds. Extensive efforts have been made to bring Balochis and Sindhis on par with other ethnicities.[citation needed] Minorities in Pakistan are allowed to sit in all examinations. By 2007 the percentage representation in the Pakistan Army as a whole (officers and Other Ranks or soldiers) was as follows: Punjabis (including Punjabi Pathans): 51%. There have been numerous Christians who have risen to the rank of Brigadier. In 2009 brigadier Noel Israel. Most women are recruited in the regular Army to perform medical and educational work. Currently. several female graduates were nominated to be Sky Marshals for Pakistan based airlines.[37] Pakistan is the only country in the Islamic world to have female Major Generals in the Army. come from a few districts in northern Punjab Province and the adjacent Azad Jammu and Kashmir and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. as in British times.[38] Recruitment is nationwide and the army attempts to maintain an ethnic balance but most enlisted recruits.Pashtuns: 21%. Kashmiris: 9. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and of middle-class. Balochis: 3.5%. and in the 1990 the first Christian promoted to the rank of Major General was Julian Peter who commanded the 14th Div in Okara Cantt. This decision has given a fair chance to every citizen of Pakistan to be part of the Pakistan Army as each district possesses a fixed percentage of seats in all branches of the army. as per census records.11%.[34][35] [edit] Women and minorities Main article: Women in the Pakistan Armed Forces Women have served in the Pakistan Army since its foundation. Large numbers of men from Sind and Balochistan have joined the ranks of the army and have proved their commitment and bravery to the national cause in Kargil and the ongoing global war on terrorism. Only recently has Pakistan began to recruit women for combat positions and the Elite Anti-Terrorist Force In 2007.[36] In addition recently eight of the 41 cadets from the Pakistan Military Academy at Kakul became the first women guards of honour. presently the army recruitment system is enlisting personnel district-wise irrespective of provincial boundaries. was also promoted to rank of Major General. There is also a Women's Guard section of Pakistan's National Guard where women are trained in nursing. and Minorities: 0.2%. there is a sizeable number of Women serving in the army. Pakistan's Officer Corps are also mostly from Punjab.dominated the recruitment flows. [edit] Recipients of Nishan-e-Haider .

Indian . Similar to the American Medal of Honor or the British Victoria Cross. 1971 Kasur 8 December Wagah-Attari 1971 10 December Zafarwal-Shakargarh 1971 Kargil. Pakistan's highest military award. ranking above the Hilal-i-Jur'at (Crescent of Courage). The Nishan-e-Haider (Urdu: ‫( )ردیح ناشن‬Sign of the Lion) is the highest military award given by Pakistan. Hussain Armoured Corps 12th Battalion of the Captain Karnal Sher Northern Light Khan Infantry Havaldar Lalak Jan 12th Battalion of the Conflict War of 1947 Date Place of Death 27 July 1948 Uri. it has only been awarded 10 times since 1947: Name Captain Muhammad Sarwar Major Tufail Mohammad Unit 2nd Battalion of the Punjab Regiment 16th Battalion of the Punjab Regiment 17th Battalion of the Major Aziz Bhatti Punjab Regiment 4th Battalion of the Major Mohammad Frontier Force Akram Regiment Pilot Officer Rashid No. Nishan-e-Haider recipients receive an honorary title as a sign of respect: Shaheed meaning martyr for deceased recipients. West Pakistan 6 December Salmanki Sector. Indian 5 July 1999 administered Kashmir 7 July 1999 Kargil. Sindh. Kashmir 1958 Border 7 August Lakshmipur District clash with India 1958 10 September War of 1965 Lahore District 1965 War of 1971 War of 1971 War of 1971 War of 1971 War of 1971 Kargil War Kargil War 1971 20 August 1971 East Pakistan Thatta. 2 Squadron Minhas Shaheed Minhas 6th Battalion of the Major Shabbir Sharif Frontier Force Regiment Lance Naik 15th Battalion of the Muhammad Mahfuz Punjab Regiment Sawar Muhammad 20th Lancers.Nishan-e-Haider.

Weapon Comments Handguns Glock 17 Glock 26 . [edit] Arms The Heckler & Koch G3 is the Pakistan Army's standard battle rifle. Australia. United States and France among others. Tomaz Humar got stranded on the western end of the 8.Northern Light Infantry administered Kashmir [edit] Recipients of Foreign awards Two Pakistani pilots belonging to the army aviation branch of Pakistan army who carried out a daring rescue of a mountaineer are to be given Slovenia's top award for bravery. 750 soldiers across the world descended on the Brecon Beacons in Wales to suffer through one of the toughest exercises ever devised.125m Nanga Parbat mountain where he remained for around a week on top of the world's ninth-highest peak. Pakistan Army has won the coveted Gold Medal at the prestigious Cambrian Patrol Exercise held in Wales with participation from armies of India. "Rawalpindi Corps team represented Pakistan Army in Exercise Cambrian Patrol – 2010. Most equipment of the Pakistan Army tend to be either of Chinese. aircraft and air defence systems. Slovenian. The Cambrian patrol tested the soldiering skills of the teams as they crossed some of the most arduous terrain one can imagine.[39] Beating hundreds of soldiers from major armies of the world. held from 11–13 October 2010 and by the Grace of Allah. shown here is the G3A3 model. Ljubljana. The helicopter pilots plucked the 38-year-old from an icy ledge 6. Canada. armour. According to ISPR. the team showed an excellent performance by winning a Gold Medal in the event. a Pakistan army statement said. for risking their lives during the rescue mission.000m up the peak known as "killer mountain". European or American designs. which is a big honour not only for Army but for the country as a whole."[40][41][42][43][44] [edit] Equipment The equipment currently in use by the Pakistan Army is divided into the following main sections: small arms. artillery. The Slovenian president has presented Lt Col Rashid Ullah Beg and Lt Col Khalid Amir Rana with the Golden Order for Services in the country's capital.

[45] Steyr AUG Chinese-manufactured AK-47 (Upgraded version of Type 56 Assault Type 81 Assault Rifle Rifle. manufactured by POF.[48] RPD Grenade launchers Carl Gustav recoilless rifle Mk 19 grenade launcher RPG-7 Manufactured under license by Pakistan Ordnance Factories RPG-29 Milkor MGL [edit] Armour . G3A3.HK P7 Steyr M9A1 Tokarev Recently acquired by the SSW.[46] M4 Carbine FN F2000 Grenades M67 grenade Sniper rifles [47] Dragunov SVD [45] HK PSG1 M82 Barret [45] Steyr SSG 69 Machine guns FN MAG FN Minimi Para MG3 Manufactured under license by Pakistan Ordnance Factories. G3P4 variants in service. Sub-machine guns (SMG) and carbines: Heckler & Koch MP5 Manufactured by POF Heckler & Koch Also in use by Airport Security Force and personal security detail of MP5K VIPs. FN P90 Battle rifles Heckler & Koch G3 The PA's service rifle. Assault rifles Type 56 Chinese-manufactured AK-47.

later upgraded to Type 85-III. around 600 Al Khalid tanks [49][50] Al-Khalid 500 planned. production and deliveries ongoing. incorporating re-designed T84 turret.[55] 1100.[49] Produced under license.[51] 320[53] delivered by Ukraine between 1997 [49][52] T-80UD 320 and early 2002. 300 Al-Khalid ordered initially. [52] Al-Zarrar 900 Upgraded form of Type 59-II.[52] Type 59 1200[49] T-54/55 54[52] Some sources say all in reserve storage[49] Armoured Personnel Carriers (APC) Hamza Infantry Fighting – Vehicle[citation needed] .[52] 500[citation needed] Type 85-IIAP built under [49][54] Type 85-IIAP 275 license at Heavy Industries Taxila. armed with 105 mm Type 69-II 400[52] guns.[51] 250. later orders for upgraded Al-Khalid I.Al-Zarrar MBT M60 AVLB Firm Vehicle/System/Aircraft Number in Status Service Main Battle Tanks (MBT) In service.

Al-Fahd Infantry fighting – In Service[citation needed] vehicle[citation needed] Talha[citation needed] Armoured – Final number to be around 2.260 In Service[citation needed] Al Qaswa Logistical Vehicle 500 Being procured M88 ARV Armoured Recovery In Service Vehicle Armoured Bridging Vehicles M60A1 AVLB Armoured Vehicle – In Service Launched Bridge M48 Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridge Armoured Vehicle Launched – In Service Bridge [edit] Artillery inventory M109 self-propelled howitzer .600[52] In Service BTR-70/BTR-80 Armoured 720[52] In Service[56] Personnel Carrier Mohafiz Light Armoured Personnel In Service & Additional APCs being ???[52] Carrier procured Otokar Akrep Light Jeep 1.000[citation needed] Personnel Carrier Sa'ad Armoured Personnel – Currently in production[citation needed] Carrier[citation needed] M113 Armoured Personnel Carrier 1.

[52][57] mm 155 213 6×6 wheeled chassis.[52] mm 155 665[52] Tracked chassis. mm Towed artillery 203 356[52] mm 155 Auxiliary power unit can propel the gun at up to 30 mm 18 km/h.[59] mm 155 244[52] mm 130 410[52] mm 122 490[52] mm 105 113[52] mm 105 216[52] mm .[citation needed] 155 348[52] 95 plus 24 delivered in 1997. 155 Truck-mounted.M115 towed howitzer M198 towed howitzer Vehicle/System M110 M109 (A2/A3/A4/A5) howitzer NORINCO SH1[citation needed] A-100 KRL-21 M115 MKEK Panter[citation needed] M198 M114 Type 59I Type 54 M56 M101 Calibre Quantity Comments Self-propelled artillery 203 260[52] Tracked chassis.[58] mm MRLS-Multiple Launch Rocket System 300mm Confirmed during the recent Azm-e-Nau-3.

[edit] Aircraft inventory Pakistan Army Mi-17 Transport Helicopter Pakistan Army operates nearly 400 helicopters alongside several aircraft. Comments One squadron supplied in 2010.[61] [edit] Anti-tank missiles Anti-tank     Bakter-Shikan ATGM BGM-71 TOW BGM-71 TOW 2[65] MILAN[66] .316 Alouette III Role Attack helicopter utility helicopter Utility aircraft Transport aircraft Transport aircraft Transport helicopter Utility helicopter Utility helicopter Utility helicopter Utility helicopter Utility helicopter Utility helicopter Utility helicopter Quantity 40[60] 4 2 2[60] 2[60] 85[60] 9[60] 13[62] 95[63] 200[64] 10[60] 60[60] 10[60] Being phased out. Aircraft/System AH-1F/S Cobra IAR 330 Harbin Y-12 Cessna Citation Bravo Aero Commander 840 Mil Mi-17 Bell 206 Jet Ranger Bell 412 Bell UH-1 Huey Eurocopter AS350 Eurocopter AS355 Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma Aerospatiale SA.

all-weather capable air defence system High altitude air defence systems   HQ-2B SAM HQ-9 Anti-aircraft guns    Oerlikon(GDF-005) 35 mm twin cannon Oerlikon AHEAD modified cannon Bofors 40 mm cannon [edit] Sports See also: Pakistan Army basketball team The Pakistan Army has a noteworthy sports program with elite athletes in many sports disciplines. (May 2012) Man-portable air defence systems       Anza Mk I.[68] . Anza Mk II.[67] An example of the program's success is its basketball program which regularly provides the Pakistan national basketball team with key players.[edit] Air defence systems This section does not cite any references or sources. Advanced Air Defence System Bofors RBS 23 medium range. Anza Mk III (MANPAD) SA-7 Grail General Dynamics FIM-92 Stinger General Dynamics FIM-43 Redeye Bofors RBS-70 short-range SAM system Mistral Man-portable air defence systems Medium altitude air defence systems   Spada-2000.