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Alternate Energy Resources
JANUARY 15, 2011 5:40 PM 1 COMMENTVIEWS: 93

High dependence on gas and petrol has led to an increase in electricity cost. Therefore, there is a need to introduce alternate means of energy generation. Earth is a beautiful planet blessed with countless resources. When the resources are not utilized adequately, the earth becomes vulnerable to natural disasters. In recent times, the world has gone through various changes such as global warming, floods, drought, melting glaciers, hurricanes, tornado, tempest, cyclones, extinction of species and spread of diseases. Earth can be employed in many ways to generate electricity.

Alternate energy refers to any of a large number of sources of energy production that do not depend on fossil fuels or nuclear power to operate. A short list of these technologies would include solar, wind, rain tides, hydro, hydrogen, and geothermal power, biomass though others are also being investigated. The main goal of alternative energy research is to provide a low-cost source of energy that does not rely on unsustainable resources such as coal or oil. By making use of resources that cannot be depleted, like sunlight, alternative energy provides a way to meet the needs of a growing civilization without the negative environmental impact. The best type of solar energy to use in an area depends largely on the geography of that area. Desert lands, for instance, receive more than enough sunlight to make use of solar energy, but might have a hard time implementing a hydro-electric energy source. Scientists continue to work on several sources of renewable energy as a result of this fact, which will lead to better energy solutions in the future.

Alternative energy saves natural resources and it is environmentally superior to conventional coal and oil. Wind, flowing water, energy conservation and geothermal heating are ancient, but now employ new advanced technology. Technologies such as solar cells, hydrogen and fuel cells and ocean energy are relatively new. All of the technologies operate. The present cost effectiveness of some of the newest technologies varies. Alternate energy does not include coal, oil and atom.

In summary, the alternative Energy includes solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, hydropower, biomass energy, fuel cells and hydrogen. Alternate energy, saves natural resources and is environmentally superior to conventional coal and oil. Renewable energy sources are free and have lower carbon emissions than what we have now are wind energy, solar energy, geothermal energy, and bio fuels. Each of these four segments involve very different technologies and investment concerns.

The benefits of algal biofuel are that it can be produced industrially. of more than five meters per second. how hard the wind blows and the grid investment requirements) and the prices of steel (the largest component of a wind turbine) and select composites (used for the blades). Hydrogen gas is a completely clean burning fuel. Cellulosic ethanol can be produced from a diverse array of feed stocks. In the present day world. Since the 1970s. in the United States. burns the same amount of carbon it would emit if it degraded naturally. because wind power has been harnessed for over 100 years. the renewable energies targets have been set and the last decade saw an immense increase in the world wind energy output. Without any obstructions such as hills. On the other hand. or under construction. coal. Because current wind turbines are often in excess of 100 meters high. winds from the open ocean can reach up to speeds twice as fast as coastal areas. palm. Wood.. for a higher output of usable material’s of 2008. and involves the use of the whole crop. alternative energy can be widely produced with basic equipment and naturally basic processes. thereby obviating the use of arable land and food crops (such as soy. Without the presence of oxygen. This process is known as biological hydrogen production. If we could implement this on a large scale. The process of producing oil. then we could take sunlight. Brazil has had an ethanol fuel program which has allowed the country to become the world’s second largest producer of ethanol (after the United States) and the world’s largest exporter.000 filling stations throughout Brazil with at least one ethanol pump. Alexander Graham Bell advocated ethanol from corn and other foodstuffs as an alternative to coal and oil. There are no longer light vehicles in Brazil running on pure gasoline. Offshore wind farms can be placed in water up to 40 metres deep. The advantage of having a floating wind farm is to be able to harness the winds from the open ocean. Biogas digestion deals with harnessing the methane gas that is released when waste breaks down. or natural gas fuel is a difficult and demanding process that requires a great deal of complex equipment. Algae fuel is a biofuel which is derived from algae. This new approach should increase yields and reduce the carbon footprint because the amount of energy-intensive fertilizers and fungicides will remain the same. In contrast. The methane gas that is collected and refined can be used as an energy source for various products. also known as an anaerobic environment. its underlying technology is relatively stable. logistics and a global manufacturing platform are major sources of competitive advantage. algae and other photosynthetic organisms capture carbon dioxide and sunlight and convert it into oxygen and biomass. Floating wind farms are similar to a regular wind farm. but the difference is that they float in the middle of the ocean. there are nine commercial cellulosic ethanol plants which are either operating. Another problem with the speed of the wind is that it should be steady and consistent throughout the day. trees and buildings. It also contains relatively high amount of energy compared with other fuels due to its chemical structure. During photosynthesis. A major byproduct of this process is hydrogen gas. Brazil’s ethanol fuel program uses modern equipment and cheap sugar cane as feedstock. Around the world. whereas floating wind turbines can float in water up to 700 metres deep. and the residual cane-wasteis used to process heat and power. To generate any measurable power from wind. physical and chemical processes. and that it has a very high oil yield as compared to all other sources of biofuel. the most renewable and available alternative energy. and canola). the dispersing wind has been proved as a powerful natural source for generating electricity in most countries of the world.g. we need strong wind speed. regular cellular respiration cannot take place and a process known as fermentation takes over. nutrients and water and create hydrogen gas to be used as a dense source of energy.In 1917. Its economics are largely determined by silting (e. its only by-product is water. It requires the use of single celled organisms to create hydrogen gas through fermentation. . Biogas digesters are used to process methane gas by having bacteria break down biomass in an anaerobic environment. By the end of 2008 there were 35. This gas can be retrieved from garbage or sewage systems. stating that the world was in measurable distance of depleting these fuels. where the powerful wind resource is available.

Portugal. Ireland . TheUSAhas started its wind energy mill in 1940 andEuropein 1923.450 MW from wind has an impressive record of 156% increase of wind energy during recent years. the dispersing wind blows from March to November in almost normal speed. while nuclear is preferred by only 12%. 22 million cubic feet natural gas and 25 million liters of HSD in terms of environment and fuel bill. . almost 80% of European Union citizens prefer renewable energies as alternate to high-priced oil and gas. have crossed the 3.Finland. In other words. To generate power from wind.Holland.Spainis producing 15.Chinawhich has been generating more than 3.Sweden.000 MW mark of installed capacity. According to a survey report from Euro barometer published in January 2006. At present there are 28 European countries full of natural resources and having brotherhood relations. Pakistan possess immense potential to harness unlimited solar and wind energy. Wind energy is generated by controlling the wind through windmills or wind turbines. Pakistan has yet to embark towards the generation of renewable energy. It had been reported that every single installed MW of wind power saves approximately 2. The country is far behind on electricity generation through wind energy. The Alternate Energy Development Board (AEDB) was founded in May 2003 for supplying wind/solar energy in remote regions of the provinces. TheUShas vast areas of seashores fromMaineStatein the East toWashingtonStatein the West.Denmarkis producing 8312 MW through coastal wind. theUK. A number of other countries includingItaly. we need strong wind speed of more than six meters per second. Japan etc. wind energy can be defined as the force of winds blowing across the earth’s surface. Pakistan has a long coastal belt of 1050 kilometers from Sindh to Balochistan which is highly suitable for wind energy generation.540 MW from on-land and offshore wind farms. Due to its ideal geographical location. The average wind speeds of 5 to 7 meters per second are available in most of the coastal areas in Sindh and Balochistan as well as in a few northern valleys of K-P and AJk which are suitable for producing electricity.100(40%) MW of their energy demand from wind. TheUnited States of Americahas seen great boom in the last decade and generates 19. In the long coastal areas.000 tons of CO2.