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Course Handbook, 2003-2004

This handbook provides an overview of the teaching arrangements for all the undergraduate courses in the Department. It is intended for use by members of staff in the Department and by Directors of Studies in Colleges. Undergraduates pursuing courses in the Department receive booklets giving more particular information for their year. Contact Details If you have any queries about the Department’s teaching, please do not hesitate to contact: Chair, Teaching Committee Prof. A L Greer alg13@cam.ac.uk or Director of Undergraduate Teaching Dr T J Matthams tjm16@cam.ac.uk For queries on any particular year (e.g., Part IA) it is best to contact the Head of Year: Year 1 Part IA Dr C Rae PartIA@msm.cam.ac.uk Year 2 Part IB Dr J A Elliott PartIB@msm.cam.ac.uk Year 3 Part II Dr M G Blamire PartII@msm.cam.ac.uk Year 4 Part III Dr E R Wallach PartIII@msm.cam.ac.uk Website The Department website also provides information (usually in more detail than in this handbook) on all the undergraduate courses in Materials Science & Metallurgy: http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/Teaching/ Safety in the Laboratory It is essential to be aware of safety matters, as presented in the pink Safety Book of the Department. Copies of this book may be obtained from the Class Technician in room 301. The Department emphasises that a positive attitude to the safety of experimental work is essential, both for personal well-being and for the safety of others. In practical classes and research projects, students will be advised of specific dangers. The use of fume cupboards, and the wearing of goggles for eye protection, and of lab-coats and gloves may be required. In addition, it is important always to be aware of mechanical, electrical and chemical hazards. Students should notify the Head of Class (or other member of staff in charge of the activity) of any observed dangers (actual or potential). Smoking, eating and drinking are forbidden in any laboratory. First Aid boxes are available in or near the laboratories and the procedure for obtaining assistance in an emergency is listed in each box. On no account may any equipment be removed from a box except for the treatment of injury. Any query concerning safety within the Department should be addressed to the Head of Class in the first instance, or the class technician. The Departmental Safety Officer, Dr J A Little (jal4@cus.cam.ac.uk), may also be consulted. Continuous alarm bell — leave building by nearest available exit and assemble in Free School Lane. Emergency in working hours — call 34300 at other times — call 31818

Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy, Course Handbook 2003-2004

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MATERIALS SCIENCE COURSES Part IA
Materials & Mineral Sciences + two other sciences (likely choices are Chemistry, Geology and Physics, though no combination is excluded) + Mathematics

Part IB
Materials Science & Metallurgy + two other subjects, for which likely choices are: Chemistry (A and/or B) Geological Sciences (A and/or B) Mineral Sciences Physics Advanced Physics (when also reading Physics)

Part II
Materials Science & Metallurgy Part IIB Part IIA Graduation with B.A.

Part III
Materials Science & Metallurgy Graduation with B.A. + M.Sci.

M.PHIL. IN MODELLING OF MATERIALS
(normally for those who did not pursue undergraduate studies in the Department) Postgraduate Research in Materials Science & Metallurgy Graduation with Ph.D.

Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy, Course Handbook 2003-2004 Academic Staff and Others Directly involved in Teaching NAMES
Barber, Dr Z.H Best, Dr S M Bhadeshia, Prof. H K D H Blamire, Dr M G Bonfield, Prof. W Bristowe, Dr P D Burstein, Dr G T Cameron, Dr R E Clarke, Mr F A Clegg, Dr W J Clyne, Prof. T W Driscoll, Dr J L Elliott, Dr J A Evetts, Prof. J E Fray, Prof. D J Glowacki, Dr B A Greer, Prof. A L Humphreys, Prof. C J Knowles, Dr K M Kumar, Dr R V Leake, Dr J A Little, Dr J A Lloyd Dr S J Mathur Dr N D Matthams, Dr T J Midgley, Dr P A Monteith, Miss C A Rae, Dr C Tin Dr S Wallach Dr E R Windle, Prof. A.H.

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INITIALS
ZHB SMB HKDB MGB WB PDB GTB REC FAC WJC TWC JLD JAE JEE DJF BAG ALG CJH KMK RVK JALe JALi SJL NDM TJM PAM CAM CR ST ERW AHW

E-MAIL
zb10@cam.ac.uk smb51@cam.ac.uk hkdb@cus.cam.ac.uk mb52@cam.ac.uk wb210@cam.ac.uk pdb1000@cus.cam.ac.uk gtb1000@cus.cam.ac.uk rec11@cus.cam.ac.uk fac23@msm.cam.ac.uk wjc1000@cus.cam.ac.uk twc10@cus.cam.ac.uk jld35@cam.ac.uk jae1001@cam.ac.uk jee2@cus.cam.ac.uk djf25@hermes.cam.ac.uk bag10@cus.cam.ac.uk alg13@cam.ac.uk colin.humphreys@msm.cam.ac.uk kmk10@cus.cam.ac.uk rvk10@cam.ac.uk jal2@hermes.cam.ac.uk jal4@cus.cam.ac.uk sjl16@cus.cam.ac.uk ndm12@cus.cam.ac.uk tjm16@cam.ac.uk pam33@cus.cam.ac.uk class@msm.cam.ac.uk cr18@cam.ac.uk st298@hermes.cam.ac.uk erw1@cam.ac.uk ahw1@cus.cam.ac.uk

Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy, Course Handbook 2003-2004

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Contact Details Website Safety in the Laboratory Materials Science Courses Academic Staff and Others Directly involved in Teaching Table of Contents i i i ii iii iv

Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences Aims of Course Background Reading Lectures Practical Classes Examination and Assessment Important Dates Lecture Course Synopses — Organisation of Atoms in Crystals Order and Disorder Materials and Devices Microstructure Mechanical Behaviour of Solids Biomaterials Materials under Extreme Conditions

IA.1 IA.1 IA.2 IA.2 IA.3 IA.3 IA.4 IA.5 IA.6 IA.7 IA.8 IA.9 IA.10

Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy Aims of Course Background Reading Lectures Practical Classes Examination and Assessment Important Dates MIT Exchange Lecture Course Synopses — Metals & Alloys Environmental Behaviour of Materials Polymers Electrical & Magnetic Properties of Materials Processing and Properties of Ceramics Deformation of Solids

IB.1 IB.1 IB.2 IB.2 IB.3 IB.3 IB.3 IB.4 IB.6 IB.8 IB.10 IB.12 IB.14

15 II.17 II.22 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy Aims of the Course Staff in Charge of Part III Activities Outline of the Course Supervision Arrangements Examination and Assessment Important Dates III.13 II.14 II.7 II.18 II.6 II.2 II.1 III.20 II.12 II.18 II.17 II.7 II.18 II.5 II.8 II.13 II.5 II. Course Handbook 2003-2004 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy Aims of the Part IIA and Part IIB Courses MIT Exchange Staff in Charge of Part IIA and Part IIB Activities Outline of the Course Supervision Arrangements Examination and Assessment Important Dates Lecture Course Synopses — Phase Equilibria Selection of Materials Mathematical Methods Tensor Properties Physical Properties Crystallography Kinetics Chemical Stability Alloys Structure & Properties of Polymers Surfaces and Interfaces Plasticity and Deformation Processing Ceramics Polymer Processing Fracture.8 II.3 III.3 III.12 II.1 II.9 II.4 .11 II.1 III.Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy.14 II.2 II.2 III. Fatigue & Deformation Composite Materials Heat & Mass Transfer Biomaterials List of Practicals Materials Examination Series Language Option Management Option Timetable v II.1 II.15 II.16 II.10 II.

11 III.2 .1 PG.22 Postgraduate Studies M.8 III.14 III. Course Handbook 2003-2004 Course Synopses — Core Lectures on Advanced Techniques — Thermal Analysis Electron Microscopy and Analysis X-Ray & Neutron Techniques Modules — Electrons & Photons in Solids Solidification & Powder Processing Extraction & Recycling Ferroelectrics High-Temperature Materials Polymeric Materials Electronic Ceramics Glasses & Nanomaterials Ionic Materials Materials Aspects of Microdevices Biomaterials Thin Films Magnetic & Superconducting Materials Joining Corrosion and Protection Materials Modelling Teamwork Research Projects Individual Research Projects Language Option Management Option Timetable vi III.18 III.Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy.10 III.7 III. Course on Modelling of Materials Research PG.20 III.15 III.12 III.9 III.Phil.8 III.13 III.7 III.20 III.16 III.5 III.6 III.9 III.20 III.16 III.13 III.5 III.20 III.

physical properties. 1992). Physics. 2000. Geological Sciences or Chemical Engineering. the symmetry and defects of crystal structures. It is also interdisciplinary. (John Wiley. and is an area of active research. C Baillie & L Vanasupa (Academic Press.— this course is run jointly with the Department of Earth Sciences. Recommended Texts General texts covering a large proportion of the course: Introduction to Mineral Sciences. The study of natural and man-made materials is of vital importance to advanced societies. ranging from structural materials to electronic devices to biomedical applications Students taking this Part IA course will find it an ideal preparation for Part IB courses in Materials Science & Metallurgy (MSM).) ISBN: 0471352438 Background reading: Navigating the Materials World. The course introduces the fundamental concepts of the subject. Rae Comments are welcome and should be sent to: Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences PartIA@msm. ISBN: 0140135979 Electronic Materials. mechanical properties and changes in structure. and in Mineral Sciences (MS). In essence it is about the arrangement of atoms within solids and how these arrangements give rise to useful and interesting properties.ac. 2002) ISBN: 0750655542 . Chemistry or Geological Sciences in later years. 5th ed. ISBN: 0408028408 Materials and Design. MF Ashby & K Johnson (Butterworth. 2003). 1990). involving all the physical sciences. most of whom will go on to study Part II courses in Materials Science & Metallurgy. A Putnis (CUP. These courses lead on to third and fourth year courses in MSM and in MS. Chemistry. ISBN: 0120735512 New Science of Strong Materials. ISBN: 0521429471 Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction. Consequently it is concerned with crystalline and non-crystalline materials. JE Gordon (Penguin.uk Aims of Course The course is designed to provide a balanced introduction to the solid state as a whole and is of direct value to a very wide range of students. 1991). their chemical stability.cam. N Braithwaite & G Weaver (Butterworth. The Part IA MMS course and the Part IB MSM and MS courses are also ideal preparation for students wishing to specialise in Physics. WD Callister Jr. Mineral Sciences. Head of Year: Dr C. Understanding of these fundamentals is complemented by extensive illustration of their implications in practice.

One of the selected practicals must be taken in the Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy.30 and 2. Wednesday and Friday. laboratories 105 and 107. South Wing. laboratory 201 in the Dept. Registration for practicals — at the Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy. M A Carpenter Course B: Order and Disorder (8 lectures): Dr S A T Redfern Course C: Materials and Devices (8 lectures): Dr P D Bristowe Course D: Microstructure (12 lectures): Dr Z H Barber Course E: Mechanical Behaviour of Solids (12 lectures): Prof. of Materials Science & Metallurgy. students are advised to leave either Tuesday 11–1 or Thursday 11–1 available for the Computing Course for Physical Scientists.Year 1 Lectures Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences IA. at 12 noon.30–12. of Earth Sciences. in the Physiology lecture theatre (Downing Site) Michaelmas Term: Course A: Organisation of Atoms in Crystals (8 lect.2 Monday.30.30–4. Tuesday 7th October. the other in the Department of Earth Sciences: in the Dept.):Prof. One practical each week is at a time to be selected from: Thursday 11–1 Friday 10–12 Friday 2–4 Monday 10–12 The other practical each week is at a time to be selected from: Monday 2–4 Tuesday 11–1 Wednesday 10–12 Wednesday 2–4 Each practical runs simultaneously in the two departments responsible for the course. In selecting practical periods. These take the form of hands-on experiments and examples classes. T W Clyne Course F: Biomaterials (6 lectures): Prof. A L Greer Course G: Materials under Extreme Conditions (6 lectures): Dr M T Dove Lent Term: Easter Term: Practical Classes The lectures are supplemented by 2 two-hour practicals each week. . 9.

30 th 11 June 2004 start of Michaelmas Full Term registration (at Dept. The paper has ten equal-credit questions.30–4.30 11–1 Thursday Friday Wednesday Friday Tuesday Friday Tuesday Wednesday Friday Friday 9 October 2003 10th October 2003 12–1 3rd December 2003 12–1 5th December 2003 13th January 2004 12th March 2004 20th April 2004 19th May 2004 4th June 2004 1. of Materials Science and Metallurgy) for practicals first practical (Dept. of Materials Science & Metallurgy and Dept.Year 1 Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences IA. two from Section A on the Michaelmas Term’s work. The written examination carries 80% of the total credit for the course.30–12.30 2. two from Section B on the Lent Term’s work and one from Section C on the Easter Term’s work. and 1 in Easter Term). of which five must be attempted.30–4. The remaining 20% is allocated to the 4 assessed practicals (1 in the Michaelmas Term and 2 in the Lent Term including a mini project. Important Dates Tuesday Tuesday 7th October 2003 7th October 2003 th 9.3 Examination and Assessment The Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences written examination consists of one three-hour paper. of Earth Sciences) first lecture (Physiology lecture theatre) final lecture of the Michaelmas Term end of Michaelmas Full Term start of Lent Full Term end of Lent Full Term start of Easter Full Term end of lectures expected time for written examination end of Easter Full Term .

Miller indices — The need to be able to define different lattice planes: surfaces. Carpenter Length scales in solids: Phases and structures — Course outline and introduction. A. Bragg's law. Determination of accurate lattice parameter. Structure plans.4 ORGANISATION OF ATOMS IN CRYSTALS 8 lectures Course A Prof. Model calculation for NaCl. What is a crystal structure? — Concepts of translational symmetry: lattice and unit cell in two dimensions. . Intensities of Bragg reflections in X-ray powder diffraction patterns — Phase angle in one dimension. Close-packed structures — Stack close-packed layers to produce three-dimensional structures. Symmetry and the 7 crystal systems. deformation. motif. Calculation of interplanar spacings. Factors determining intensity: atomic scattering factor. Lattice vectors. Geometry of X-ray powder diffraction — Powder diffractometer. Diffraction of X-rays by crystals: Bragg's law — Condition for constructive interference. Generation of X-rays. Historical perspective. phase angle in three dimensions. diffraction from a powder. phase angle of scattering by atoms in unit cell. Geometry of diffraction: single crystal diffractometers.Year 1 Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences IA. multiplicity. Define lattice. structure factor. lattice planes and Miller indices. intensity. Length scales in solids. M. Empirical observations point to underlying structure of solids. unit cell and lattice vectors. Absorption and filtering. Multiplicity. Some essential crystallographic tools: lattice vectors. and hence the ideal crystal structure. lattice planes. Systematic absences due to non-primitive lattices. hexagonal and cubic close-packing. Microstructure and phases. Scattering amplitudes. diffraction. What makes crystals special? Periodicity of atom distributions (symmetry). Indexing X-ray powder diffraction patterns — Indexing methods.

Transition to crystal. Liquid crystals — orientational order. Quasicrystals. fluorite.5 ORDER AND DISORDER 8 lectures Course B Dr S. Glass vs. Polar symmetry and centrosymmetry. Crystal — Concept of metastability and kinetics. Breaking of cubic symmetry in perovskites — physical consequences. translational disorder. Consequences for physical properties (isotropy and anisotropy). Packing macromolecules. Symmetry of a cube. A return to packing spheres — filling interstices in close packed arrays. Redefine what a crystal is.Year 1 Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences IA. Glassy polymers and crystalline polymers — macromolecular order and disorder. T. radius ratio — Rocksalt. . Perovskite structure — Derivation of radius ratio rules and tolerance factor. Crystal systems. Structural distortion to accommodate variability. Wurtzite and sphalerite. Random walks along a chain. Glass-rubber transition. Rubber. Redfern Diffraction from disordered solid — how does glass diffraction pattern compare with crystal? Short vs. long-range order. Ionic radii. Short range structure of SiO2 from radial distribution function. A.

The open circuit voltage under non-standard conditions. Explanation of ferroelectric hysteresis. Choice of electrolyte and electrodes. Polarisation mechanisms. Solid electrolytes used in storage batteries. Fast ion conductors — Crystal structure requirements for fast ion conduction.Year 1 Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences IA. Transducers and applications of pyroelectric and piezoelectric materials. Further applications of solid electrolytes — Principles of the solid oxide fuel cell. The Westinghouse tubular design. Structural phase transitions and the Curie temperature. The properties of yitrium stabilised zirconia. Properties of domain boundaries. Properties of pyroelectric and piezoelectric materials — Temperature-dependent polarisation and pyroelectric materials. The oxygen concentration cell using YSZ as the electrolyte. Examples of the Na/S and Na/NiCl2 β-alumina batteries. Fick’s 1st law of diffusion and Ohm’s law for conduction. . The structure / properties relationship. The Nernst equation and the concentration cell. α-AgI and δ-Bi2O3. The oxygen sensor for combustion control in vehicles.6 MATERIALS AND DEVICES 8 lectures Course C Dr P. Bristowe Dielectric properties of materials — Course outline. electric dipoles and dielectric constants. polymers and perovskites. Effect of crystal structure and the role of lattice defects. Stress dependent polarisation and piezoelectric materials. Phase diagram of YSZ and the effect of composition on conductivity. Effect of temperature on hysteresis. Capacitance. Crystal symmetry conditions for pyroelectric and piezoelectric behaviour. Driving forces for charge transport: concentration gradients and potential gradients. Effect of material structure on polarisation and dielectric constants. Classes of ferroelectrics: salts. Effect of crystal symmetry. Properties of ferroelectric materials — Spontaneous polarisation and hysteresis. Relationship to ferroelectric behaviour. Advantages of solid-state batteries. Conduction in ionic materials — Ions as charge carriers in materials. Basis for ferroelectric memories. D. Reversible polarisation and devices — Domain wall motion in an applied field. Dipole ordering and domains. Charge displacement and polarisation. The relationship between diffusivity and conductivity: the Nernst-Einstein equation. The structure and properties of other fast ion conductors: β-alumina. Electrolytic conduction — Properties of an electrochemical cell.

G. enthalpy. Faceted / non-faceted interfaces. strain energy. Equilibrium — How does G vary? G vs. Displacive / shear transformations. shape-memory metal. Dendritic growth and coring. Binary phase diagram: two phase / single phase regions. metals / ceramics. Is equilibrium achieved? Zone refining. S. including diffraction contrast. Transformation rates — Rate of growth of a new phase. and G(mix). Formation & sintering of ceramics. Microstructure & kinetics — How phase diagrams link to microstructure. nanomaterials. Driving force for transformations. Limit of resolution. Thermodynamics of solutions: H. Widmanstätten. Examples of non-equilibrium structures.g. First order transformation. meteorites. internal energy. quenching and subsequent precipitation (e. bainite. Case studies — What microstructure tells us about formation / cooling rates. mixing / immiscibility (phase segregation). Construction of a solvus curve – link between G curves and phase diagram. Common tangent and lever rule. Ternary phase diagrams. Heterogeneous nucleation. twinning. Al/Cu). Influence of nucleation upon final microstructure. vapour deposition). Definition of equilibrium. Interfaces & phase transformations — Growth of a new phase: coherent vs incoherent interfaces. T. Key thermodynamic functions: heat & work. Sharpness of free energy curves & extent of solubility limits. cooling curves. Coexistent phases — Equilibrium in a 2-phase region. ∆G = 0.7 MICROSTRUCTURE 12 lectures Course D Dr Z. free energy. Eutectoid. How and why are different microstructures formed? Methods for observing microstructure: light microscopy. X-ray diffraction.Year 1 Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences IA. Nucleation — Homogeneous nucleation. . Phase diagrams — Incomplete solid solubility. Barber Microstructure — Link between structure and materials properties. examples of phase diagrams. pressure and diffusional assisted growth. TEM. how to achieve high quench rates (melt spinning. segregation coefficient (maintaining equilibrium). Abbé theory. Nucleation rate. glass formation & solid/ solid transformations. Metastable phases & materials fabrication — Crystalline vs. non-crystalline structures. discontinuous changes in enthalpy and entropy. Control of processing to control microstructure and hence properties. SEM. More complex phase diagrams: intermediate compounds. Two phases in equilibrium. effect of strain. entropy (configurational and thermal disorder). phase distributions. free energy curves. conditions for single-crystal growth. precipitate shape. Metallic glasses. control of nucleation. martensitic transformations. Thermodynamics & phase diagrams — Importance of thermodynamics. the eutectic system. H. examples of naturally occurring and man-made microstructures. Formation of non-equilibrium phases: martensite. Importance of kinetics: diffusion./ TTT curves: liquid / solid transformations. Grains. Eutectic solidification. Construction of phase diagrams from experimental data. C. Complete solubility in liquid and solid phases.

Pile-ups at Grain boundaries. Creation of jogs. Concept of Load partitioning. Dislocation interactions — Attraction and repulsion between dislocations. Concept of the entropy spring. Energy-displacement curves for inter-atomic bonds. Strain Energy release rates and Fracture energies. Design of Tough materials. Use of OILS rule to establish operative slip system. Molecular structure of polymers and rubbers. Common engineering materials. Comparison with experiment for various types of material. Neumann bands and “Tin Cry”. Mechanical demands in High technology terrestrial and Aerospace applications . Age hardening. Dislocation climb. Development of strong materials — Meaning of strength. Fibre pull-out. Crystallography of dislocations. Selection of materials. Toughness benefits. Edge and screw dislocations. Deformationinduced shear transformations. Dislocation inter-sectioning. Explanation of work hardening. Dislocation glide as an explanation of the low yield stresses of metals. Effect of temperature on the stiffness of rubber. Fracture mechanics. Solid solution strengthening. Clyne Elastic deformation — Definitions of stress. Cottrell atmosphere formation with interstitial solutes. Role of Microstructure in controlling toughness.8 MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF SOLIDS 12 lectures Course E Prof. Derivation of rubber elasticity equations. Fracture mechanics. Prediction of Yield stress from Precipitate spacing. Precipitates as obstacles to dislocations. Contributions to the Fracture energy. Equal stress and Equal strain limits. Possibility of solute atom diffusion. Plastic deformation by dislocation glide — Dislocation width and ease of dislocation glide. Reorientation effects. Use of property maps. Constraint effects. Other mechanisms of plastic deformation — Twinning as a Deformation mode. Basics of dislocations — Predicted strength of a perfect crystal. brittle fracture — The Energy-based approach to Fracture. The Burgers vector and slip systems. Dislocations in polycrystals. "Toughening" by Flaw size control.Current and Future developments. Role of thermodynamics. T. Comparison with experiment.Year 1 Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences IA. ductile fracture — Fracture of Ductile solids. Composite materials — Composite materials. Dislocation densities and mobilities in metals. Pictorial representations of dislocation glide. Orowan bowing and by-passing of Coarse precipitates. as a function of temperature. Portevin-le chatelier effect. Elastic strain Energy stored in a dislocation. strain and stiffness. Annihilation and rearrangement of dislocations. Guinier-preston zones. Plastic deformation of a single crystal. Consequences for thermal expansion and for stiffness. The Super-elastic and Shape memory effects. Calculation of young's modulus. Brittle fracture & the Griffith criterion. particularly at High strain rate and with Few slip systems. Effects of alloying and microstructure — Effects of solute atoms. The concept of a Critical flaw size. semiconductors and ceramics. Concept of balancing toughness and hardness. Stiffness of rubber — Explanation of the very low stiffness of rubber. W. Generation of new dislocations. . Composite materials in use. Martensitic transformations. Possible benefits from Combining constituents. Hall-petch relationship.

storage. The composite nature of biomaterials — implications for stiffness. teeth.9 BIOMATERIALS 6 lectures Course F Prof. Wood — structure and properties. nucleation and growth control. medicine. minerals. magnetic bacteria. strength and toughness. importance for damage limitation. collagen. desired strength and stiffness. Mechanical failure. Loss of control. A. Greer Introduction to the materials found in living systems — Structural proteins (silk. Other cellular solids. Bone analogues — design and applications. Biomimetics and smart materials. Active materials — muscle and exploitation of turgidity in cells. Biomineralization — examples of biominerals and their functions: shells. elastin). BSE. Control of phase transformations in living systems — Promotion of ice nucleation to facilitate or inhibit frost damage to plants. Biomineralization — Template-directed materials synthesis. pathological nucleation — kidney stones. Inhibition of ice growth to permit survival of antarctic fish. cortical and cancellous. L. Bone as a dynamic material — osteoblasts and osteoclasts. biomimetic development of materials. Bone replacement — case of the hip joint. . Relevance of biomaterials – understanding living systems. The basic features of the cell. Future of tissue engineering. solid foams and froths. collagen and hydroxyapatite. Bone — hierarchy of structure. Possible materials for joint prostheses.Year 1 Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences IA. Viscoelasticity — energy storage. bone.

Creep of ice with connection to glaciers. showing effects of thermal motion. . Contrast with high temperature. and the structure of the core. and even to predict new phases. Examples of silica and carbon phase diagrams. volume anomaly. Examples at low temperature. and alloy disordering. Dove Introduction to extreme conditions — Nature has some surprises. Inner Earth — the Mantle. Experiments on ices and insights into the structure of the outer planets. mostly electron ordering. Ice and water — phases of ice and solid/liquid phase boundary. Balance between ordering and energy — encapsulated in concept of free energy (brief revision). tending to disorder – melting. melting under slight pressure. Creep — example of extreme response to stress (in addition to fracture!). High-temperature disordered crystalline phases.Year 1 Part IA Materials & Mineral Sciences IA. Calculations to augment experiments. Phase boundaries. T. How to perform high-pressure experiments and get information out of them. Application to design materials. with example of turbine blades operating under extreme conditions. Pressure/temperature phase diagrams — Clapeyron equation. Materials that shrink on heating.10 MATERIALS UNDER EXTREME CONDITIONS 6 lectures Course G Dr M. High-pressure effects — favouring low-volume phases.

M. Materials for Engineering. J. N.* D.cam. Materials Principles & Practice. Structural Materials. Chemistry or Geology in later years.* C. Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy is usually combined with Chemistry. Butterworths. Van Vlack. F). Newey & G. 5. Physics.ac. N. Butterworths (for Courses A. In addition each student has to carry out an investigation of a manufactured article to identify the materials and methods used in its production and to assess the reasons why those materials were chosen. Part IA Materials and Mineral Sciences (MMS) is a pre-requisite for students wishing to study for the Part IB course in Materials Science & Metallurgy. 2. Lectures . Mineral Sciences or Mathematics within the Natural Science Tripos.E.A. The course follows on from Materials & Mineral Sciences in Part IA and combines well with other subjects in Part IB so that is can be taken by students who know that they want to become materials scientists or metallurgists as well as by those who are still unsure about their final specialisation. C. Easterling.uk Comments are welcome and should be sent to: Aims of Course The aim of the second-year course Materials Science & Metallurgy is to develop a deeper understanding of why materials behave as they do — in particular how the material’s properties relate to its microstructure. Basic Oxidation and Corrosion. There are some sixty lectures and twenty related practicals. however many other combinations are possible. Ellis-Horwood (for Course B). G. (for Course E).Weidmann. West. and K. Braithwaite. *These books are those most strongly recommended for purchase. Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy is also ideal preparation for students wishing to specialise in Physics. C. F). Background Reading 1. G.H. Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys. Weaver. Lewis. D).* L. Butterworths (for Courses A. 6. 4. Reid. A. This course leads on to third and fourth year courses in Materials Science and Metallurgy.Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy Head of Year: Dr J. Elliott PartIB@msm. 1st edition (for Courses A. 3. 2nd edition (for Course A). Electronic Materials. Van Nostrand. Addison-Wesley. Weaver. D. P. Porter.

45 or 2–5 on any weekday). the materials used will be identified and the methods of fabrication determined. at 10am. The project report is assessed.30. 9. the project mark has twice the weight of a practical mark. Tuesday 7th October and Wednesday 8th October 2003. Examination of An Artefact During the Lent Term a small project is based on examination of a small manufactured article. in laboratory 201. By appropriate sectioning and microscopy and analysis. at a time to be selected from: Tuesday 2–4 Thursday 2–4 Friday 9–11 (scheduled only if there is sufficient demand) Registration for practicals — at the Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy. The other practicals should be written up briefly (1 page only plus graphs) and handed in for marking or discussed with the demonstrator running the practical. often a simple component employing a range of different materials. This is achieved through examination of materials by optical microscopy (and scanning electron microscopy).30 and 2. . Thursday and Saturday. Please see the Metallography booklet.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. Four of the twenty practicals are assessed. working on: Microscopy An important part of the teaching course is to understand the microstructure of materials.30–12.30–4. the marking of these does not count towards examination credit. A minimum of one hour per week is to be spent in the laboratory (in the periods 9–12.2 Tuesday. A number of prepared specimens are to be examined and results are to be discussed in supervisions. in the Babbage lecture theatre (New Museums Site) Michaelmas Term: Lent Term: Course A: Course B: Course C: Course D: Course E: Course F: Metals and Alloys (12 lectures) Environmental Behaviour of Materials (12 lectures) Polymers (9 lectures) Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Materials (9 lectures) Processing and Properties of Ceramics (6 lectures) Deformation of Solids (10 lectures) Easter Term: Practical Classes The lectures are supplemented by 1 two-hour practical each week.

The written examinations carry 80% of the total credit for the course. which also brings MIT students to Cambridge. Those interested in spending their third year (Part IIB) at MIT should discuss this with the Director of Undergraduate Teaching (Dr T.30 th 9 October 2003 10–11 th 9 October 2003 2–4 2nd December 2003 10–11 5th December 2003 13th January 2004 12th March 2004 20th April 2004 20th May 2004 24th May 2004 9–12 th 29 May 2004 1. of which five must be attempted. Matthams). two from Section B on the Lent Term’s work and one from Section C on the Easter Term’s work.30–4. . Each paper has ten equal-credit questions. The remaining 20% comes from the marks for the four assessed practicals and the artefact project. This exchange.30–12. of Materials Science & Metallurgy) for practicals registration continues first lecture (Babbage lecture theatre) first practical final lecture of the Michaelmas Term end of Michaelmas Full Term start of Lent Full Term end of Lent Full Term start of Easter Full Term last lecture expected time for written examination.3 Examination and Assessment The Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy written examination consists of two three-hour papers.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB.30 11th June 2004 MIT Exchange Students intending to take the four-year course in Materials Science & Metallurgy will be invited in their second year to apply for selection as exchange students to study Materials Science & Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).30 2. J. Important Dates Tuesday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Thursday Tuesday Friday Tuesday Friday Tuesday Thursday Monday Saturday Friday 7th October 2003 7th October 2003 start of Michaelmas Full Term registration (at Dept.30 8th October 2003 9. two from Section A on the Michaelmas Term’s work. paper 1 expected time for written examination. is under the auspices of the Cambridge-MIT Institute (CMI).30–12.30–4.30–4.30 2. paper 2 end of Easter Full Term 9.

Cold-worked structures. Solidification Processing.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. Diffusion and Microstructure. negative diffusivity and uphill diffusion. crystallography and kinetic phenomena is essential for the materials scientist. Nucleation of recrystallised grains. Solidification Structure. substitutional and vacancy diffusion. solidification and solid-state phenomena: Diffusion — Fundamentals of Diffusion. Wallach The development of improved metallic minerals is a vital activity at the leading edge of science and technology. R. An understanding of the development of microstructure in metals. Heat flow. Metals offer unrivalled combinations of properties and reliability at a cost which is affordable. They are versatile because subtle changes in their microstructure can cause dramatic variations in their properties. role of dislocation density. Coring and non-equilibrium second phase. Particle-stimulated nucleation. . glide and climb. The Scheil equation. Fast diffusion paths. cells and dendrites.5 × 109 apples on 1 m2 of steel. Thermodynamics of diffusion. rooted in thermodynamics. atomisation. Porosity and hot tearing. Evolution of Grain Structure. Whereas Part IA dealt with the thermodynamic aspects. Polygonisation. Diffusion distances. Permanent mould casting. Solute drag and Zener drag. Grain structures. Centrifugal casting. Solidification — Undercooling and driving force. Mechanisms of diffusion. 70% of all 800 million tonnes per annum of alloys used today were developed in the last ten years. Chemical potential and atomic mobility. single crystals and polycrystals. it is possible to buy commercial steel with a strength as low as 50 MPa or as high as 5500 MPa. Thus. Grain boundaries — misorientation. Continuous casting. structure and energy. Solute partitioning. melt-spinning. Forces between dislocations. Grain-boundary. Recovery processes. Solid-state diffusional transformations — Dislocations and Grain Boundaries. Diffusivity data. we shall emphasize kinetics when treating diffusion. Interdiffusion in alloys. Activation energies and vacancy concentrations. Diffusive flux and the diffusion equation. Stored strain energies.4 METALS AND ALLOYS 12 lectures Course A Dr E. Mobility of high-angle grain boundaries. Sand casting. Grain growth. Nucleation and crystal growth. Ideal and non-ideal solutions. Course A builds on the coverage of metals and alloys in Part IA. Rapid solidification processing. The strongest commercial steel can therefore support the weight of about 5. Constitutional undercooling. free-surface and lattice diffusion. Effect of convection. Concept of zero. Kirkendall effect. For example. Casting. Interstitial. Microsegregation profiles.

Quenching and tempering of steels. white and spheroidal graphitic. cast and wrought. 4th edition.W. Key Texts 1. Some metallic materials — Ferrous Alloys. Cast irons. grey. Examples in cobalt and Fe-C. High-Temperature Alloys. R. (1995) [A116] 2. (1985) [A144] 3. Arnold.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. E. solute and vacancy depletion. Steels. Boundary energies. The eutectoid reaction. Secondary hardening in alloy steels. Mechanically alloyed systems. Twinning as a deformation mode. Diffusion-controlled growth. Microstructure & Properties. Nucleation sites. Precipitate nucleation.J. Light Alloys. quenching and ageing. H. Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys. TTT curves. The Fe-C phase diagram. Smallman. (1995) [Eb153] A number of metallographic samples associated with this course will be referred to in the question sheets and lectures. H. 3rd edition. (1992). TRIP steels. These are to be examined in laboratory 201. Factors favouring deformation twinning. Dual-phase steels. E. K. Butterworths. 2nd edition. Light Alloys — Metallurgy of the Light Metals. Porter & K. Polmear.5 Precipitation. K. the twin plane and twinning shear. Precipitation sequences. High-strength alloys. D. Chapman & Hall. Bhadeshia. I. Twinning. Alloying effects and hardenability. Dispersion-strengthened alloys. The Institute of Materials. The shape-memory effect. Arnold. . Aluminium alloys. Fe-C martensite. A. “Modern Physical Metallurgy”. The Jominy end-quench test. Diffusionless solid-state transformations — Shear transformations. An Introduction to Metallurgy. [Ln30] 2. (1995) Background Material 1. Al-Li alloys. Nickel-based superalloys. Easterling. Strain-rate and crystal-symmetry effects. Columnar and single-crystal turbine blades. 2nd edition. Precipitate-free zones. Titanium alloys. Honeycombe and H. Role of vacancies. Widmanstätten ferrite and bainite. Solution treatment. A. Martensitic transformations. Cottrell. R.

which can be costly. qualitative and quantitative. The course covers metal oxidation at high temperatures. High temperature oxidation of metals. The Ellingham diagram. For metals. But since thermodynamics cannot describe the rate of the processes at all. Energetics. stripping it to its simplest terms. Although we deal mainly with metal corrosion in this course. We will describe the phenomenon of metal corrosion and passivation in terms of the electrochemistry of the interface. we will also look in detail at the kinetics of the corrosion. and then building it up again. Effects of temperature and pressure. The environment here refers to the environment in which the material is used. Basic mechanisms of oxidation. the electrochemistry and the kinetics of these subtle processes.6 ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOUR OF MATERIALS 12 lectures Course B Dr J. Interactions of materials with the environment — Oxidation of metals and polymers. electronics and electrodics. yet the oxide film in some cases is as thin as 1 nm! The course describes how corrosion occurs. corrosion is a tremendous waste of materials and of the energy required to make them: thus corrosion control is a green subject. to demonstrate some of the principles of corrosion and oxidation. Thermodynamics of materials stability. We will also give a brief glimpse of some methods of corrosion control. sometimes a natural one such as air or seawater. it is almost always the presence of an oxide film of some sort that limits corrosion. It can also cause catastrophic failure.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. And beyond that. — Thermodynamic considerations. and why some metals passivate readily in some environments. The useful lifetime of materials is very often limited by corrosion in the environment. but corrode in others. Heat of reaction and combustion. Little Most materials in use by mankind are unstable relative to their environment. The thermodynamics of corrosion and other related phenomena will be explored. . both in air and in aqueous environments. These employ simple methods and experimental observations. such as polymers and ceramics. The free energy. The course will bring together the thermodynamics. Corrosion can cause failure of materials in service. Corrosion science is therefore a subject of fundamental importance to materials science and materials engineering. Non-oxidative corrosion. because without this oxide film. It is remarkable. sometimes man-made. Most materials are degraded more at higher temperatures. such as found in a chemical plant. we begin by looking at corrosion of other materials too. most metals and alloys would be totally useless. The lecture course is integrated with relevant practicals. oxidation and passivation. so we introduce the remarkable phenomenon of passivity of metals. A.

Standard electrode potentials. J. Defect structures. The Tafel equation relating current density to potential.K. Rate laws. Stresses in oxide films. Shreir. Basic Oxidation and Corrosion. 2. Some aspects of corrosion engineering. Ellis-Horwood. Corrosion for Students of Science and Engineering.G. The departure from equilibrium.M. Concentration polarisation. The polarisation curve. Using corrosion processes. Separation of sites. The driving force. Changing the potential. Corrosion reactions as non-equilibrium electrode processes — Faraday’s law of electrolysis.R. N. ButterworthHeinemann. R. Electrode Potentials. third edition. J. Nature and meaning of the electrode potential.A.Thretheway and Chamberlain. Anodes and cathodes. Compton and G. Corrosion reactions — Nature of metal corrosion reactions. Measurement and calculation of electrode potentials. Electrochemical reactions. The electrode potential at equilibrium. Electrochemical kinetics. The Nernst equation. [Qa 84] Background material Relevant sections from: 1. The hydrogen electrode reaction. Meier.H. Oxford Science Publications. Mapping the equilibrium potentials to establish nonequilibrium domains of reaction.N. K. Electron conduction and ion conduction. O’M. Nature of the electrified interface: an introduction to double layer theory. Reddy. West. [Pm57] 4.T. Simple electroplating. Protective and non-protective oxides. Bockris and A. Vol.2. L. Diffusion. The electric field. The exchange current density. [Qa110] . The equivalence of free energy and potential. Modern Electrochemistry. Burstein. Effects of environment composition. Jarman and G. Standard states. Parabolic and logarithmic rate equations. Cathodic protection. Corrosion rate and corrosion potential. Corrosion. The oxygen electrode reaction.L. Plenum Press.7 The rate of oxidation — Oxide films and their effects on kinetics. Edward Arnold. Overpotentials and polarisation. Corrosion control — Alloy design. [Qb 28b] 2. Activities in the environment and metal phases. Current and current density. Reference electrodes. Longman.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. Determination of corrosion rate. [Qa64] 3.W. Birks and G. R. Saunders. Key Texts 1. Introduction to High Temperature Oxidation of Metals. Passivation. Metal dissolution.H.

market. Semicrystalline polymers — Factors influencing crystallisation. the organisation and conformation of the molecular chains. Statistics of step growth. How are polymers made? — Examples of polymerisation reactions. termination. Step growth. determination of Tg. These aspects are discussed in lectures on polymer structure. crosslinking. and the production of plastics artefacts. crystal structures. Amorphous polymers — Chain conformations. configurational isomerism. . Cameron Organic polymers are materials which we take for granted since they are so widely used in applications ranging from packaging to car components. Functionality.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. Case studies in polymer selection and processing — Compact disc. The glass transition: influence of structure. Soft-drinks bottle. effect of time scale. their behaviour. Polymer fibres. E. Chain growth (by addition): initiation. from textiles for clothing to CDs and video tapes. Typical backbones. Copolymers. Stiffness and yielding. Crosslinking: heavily crosslinked thermosets and vulcanisation of rubbers. Thermoplastics and thermosets. comparative costs. but they have a relatively short history and a fascinatingly diverse range of properties. propagation. Tacticity. branching. This course explores the relationship between the molecular architecture of polymers. Rubber elasticity. spherulites.8 POLYMERS 9 lectures Course C Dr R. Polymer chains — Molecular architecture. chain torsion. Chain alignment and birefringence. film forming. Influence of structure on melting point. Some definitions. sidegroups. and are drawn together in two case studies: the soft drinks bottle and the compact disc. Polymers in use — Structural influences on properties. Structural isomerism. Introduction — What are polymers? Some common examples. synthesis. Measurement of crystallinity. applications. thermodynamics of chains. Forming of thermoplastics — Extrusion. injection moulding. Molecular mass: definitions and measurement. properties and forming processes. X-ray diffraction. Copolymers and blends.

Butterworths. Newey and G. Bucknall. 1993.B.30.. Lewis and N. Mills.9 C.). Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. Principles of polymer engineering. Weidmann. 2nd ed. N. [AN6a.53] 2. C. Plastics: microstructure.Year 2 Key Texts 1. 1990 [AB126] Background Reading 1. McGraw-Hill. 1990 [AB125] G. [AN6d. Butterworths. Buckley and C. McCrum. Materials principles and practice. N. AN6a. 1982. Press.J. 2nd edition. 2nd ed. properties and applications.P. Rodriguez. F. Structural materials.. P. 2. Arnold. Reid (eds.21a] . Weaver..G. [AN6c. 1997. Oxford Univ.100] 3. Principles of polymer systems.

The effect of temperature and crystal defects. The conductivity of intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors. Matthiessen's rule. Electrical Properties – Semiconductors — Bands and carriers. A. Bohr magneton. metals and semiconductors. Microscopic approach to magnetism: magnetic dipoles and moments. Selecting metals for practical conductors and resistors: transmission lines. relative permeability and susceptibility. together with the issues involved in designing and producing materials for specific electrical and magnetic applications. Schematic band diagrams for the pn junction and metal-semiconductor contacts. Electron scattering processes in alloys. flux density. Units.the classical particle approach. Simplified energy bands for insulators. Electrons as charge carriers . Electron scattering processes in pure metals. conductivity and mobility. The effect of alloying.the Hall effect.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. Semiconductor device fabrication: summary of processing steps. Sign and magnitude of the Hall coefficient. The conductivity of metals in the quantum mechanical approach.10 ELECTRICAL AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS 9 lectures Course D Dr P. Properties of quantum mechanical free electrons. magnetisation. we discuss the scientific principles underlying these properties. Electrical Properties – Metals and Alloys — Experimental results and their interpretation. . Electrons as charge carriers . Measurement of charge carrier density . The valence and conduction bands.the quantum wave approach. Electrical Properties – Fundamentals — Survey of the electrical conductivity of materials. strengthening and processing on the conductivity of copper and its alloys. density of states and Fermi-Dirac distribution function. Interaction between magnetic dipoles and a magnetic field: diamagnetism. heating elements and metallisation on integrated circuits. The semiconductor equation. Ohm's law. Midgley Electric motors. valence and electron concentration. The concept of holes. The Fermi level. paramagnetism. Effect of electron orbits and electron spin. Semiconductor devices: rectifying and ohmic contacts. Donors and acceptors. The effective mass of an electron. Direct and indirect band gap. Magnetic Properties – Fundamentals — Macroscopic approach to magnetism: definition of magnetic field. Example of a p-n-p transistor. The effect of solute concentration: variation of lattice parameter. The economics of device fabrication. Exchange interaction. Temperature dependence of the number of carriers and the Fermi energy. In this course. Electrons in a crystal: the concept of energy bands. integrated circuits and floppy disks are just a few of the many modern technological products which exploit materials for their useful electrical and magnetic properties.

7. A figure of merit: the maximum energy product. Braithwaite and G. 12 – 14. coercivity and hysteresis. The magnetic properties of materials used for tapes.2. Examples of some magnitudes. 2. Magnetostriction.11 ferromagnetism. Examples: Alnico alloys. credit cards and hard disks. Electronic Materials. (OUP/Butterworth 1990). The principles of magnetic recording. Measured properties of some important hard magnets. Key Texts 1. Properties of domains in a magnetic field: remanence. structure. Jiles. 6 -9 and 11. size and boundaries (Bloch walls). Characteristics of hard magnets. D. electric motors. (Chapman and Hall 1995). Weaver (eds). The Curie temperature. Magnetic Properties – Soft and Hard Magnetic Materials — Definition of soft and hard magnetic materials in terms of their hysteresis loops. . antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism. L. Walsh. transformers. Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. Measured properties of some important soft magnets. Hard magnets: materials for permanent magnets. Effect of microstructure: domain wall pinning. Solymar and D. Lectures on the Electrical Properties of Materials. Magnetic Properties – Domains and the Hysteresis Loop — The formation of magnetic domains in ferromagnetic materials: energy. Energy losses. Magnetic anisotropy. generators). ferrites and rare earth alloys. Soft magnets: materials for electrical applications (electromagnets. (OUP 1988) [LcA 99] Chapters 1 -2. Examples. Examples: iron-silicon. metallic glasses and ferrites. 4 .Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. [AB 123] Chapters 1 – 3. Characteristics of soft magnets. N. [LcH 76] Chapters 1 . 3.

calcium phosphates. sintering and densification. While there is a continued need in industry for improved understanding and optimisation of these materials. Piezoelectric devices — Requirements of an ignition device. synthesis and processing of ceramics. Ceramic processing — Powder characterisation. sensors. green compact production. superconductors. knowledge of the interplay between processing and properties is essential. crystallographic features of piezoelectric materials. “advanced ceramics” are being researched for use in a number of different types of applications and devices including: medical implants . solgel processing. The remaining lectures will then concentrate on the characterisation. slip castings. properties and applications of new materials and will discuss the potential scope for the next generation of ceramic materials. . thermal conductivities and temperature drops. In this course. ionic and electronic conduction. brittle. Thermal barrier coatings — Role of thermal barrier coatings on high temperature components. Mechanical properties of ceramics — Fracture. typical properties. bioactive ceramics. residual stresses and spallation resistance. ceramic superconductors. Functional applications — Ionic solids — Defects in ionic solids and non-stoichiometry. Introduction to ceramic materials — Classification. microstructure / mechanical property relationships. thermal barrier coatings. production methods. the statistical nature of strength. nature of chemical bonding in ceramics. glasses and glass ceramics. Biomedical applications of ceramics — Ceramics for articulating applications. refractory and chemically resistant. high temperature fuel cells. electrochemical systems. M. alumina and zirconia. methods of strength and toughness testing. piezoelectrics and electrodes. The production and properties of new. surfaces and interfaces. hydroxyapatite. consequences of the atomic structure of ceramics. a brief review will be given of the production and processing of ceramics: both traditional and advanced. Induced voltages and necessary applied stress levels. For each type of application. curie temperatures and poling. more recently a number of new technologically important ceramic materials have been developed. production of a piezoelectric ceramic. bioactivity. catalysis.12 PROCESSING AND PROPERTIES OF CERAMICS 6 lectures Course E Dr S. Best “Traditional” ceramics such pottery and bricks and often characterised by their properties: they are hard.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. use of phase diagrams in synthesis and sintering: thermal spraying. ferroelectrics. solid electrolytes ceramic electrodes.

Cambridge University Press (1979) AN2a24 . L. Wiley (1976) AN2a13 3. Uhlmann. Bowen. 4 and Ch. P. Open University / Butterworth (1990) AB 123 Ch. 12. R. 13 and 15 4. Introduction to Bioceramics. Lack. Open University / Butterworth (1990) AB 126 Ch. Kingery. Davidge. Weaver. N. Braithwaite and G. Wilson. Electronic Materials. 8) 2. H.13 Key Texts 1. J. 4) 5. World Scientific 1993 6. Materials for Engineering. Hench.Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. Structural Materials. Introduction to Ceramics. L. Reid. Weidmann. Addison Wesley (1982) [AB 92 Units 11. G. Mechanical Behaviour of Ceramics. Lewis and N.

How do the predictions compare with observations? c. The rate of flow and the dislocation velocity. Amonton’s Laws. Deformation as a thermally activated process. J.g. How is dislocation motion possible below the Peierls stress? Observation that flow can take place below Peierls stress. Effect of τ on the activation energy.c. Archard equation. metals.g. Relation of misalignment to interatom potential. Slip in other materials. Factors influencing adhesive wear. Cu. Comparison with observed behaviour in Fe and Ni. Fracture of contacts: wear. The aim of this course is to study the fundamental processes by which solids deform and how these determine the overall behaviour of a material. Stresses can arise in many ways. Overall comparison with observations. TiN. GaAs). Atom misalignments around a dislocation. Estimating its magnitude. The observation of partial dislocations. e. Effect of crystal structure and bonding.p. Does the lattice give a resistance to dislocation motion? Concept of the lattice resistance. The final part of the course is concerned with the energetics of the breaking of bonds and how this is affected by the material properties and structure. How important is temperature when other obstacles control dislocation motion? Other obstacles to dislocation motion: forest dislocations. on heating. Diamond (also Si. Estimate of energy required to overcome forest dislocation obstacles. Clegg It is the resistance to shear stresses that makes solids so different from other forms of matter. Surface forces and plastic flow. These ideas are compared with experimental observations. Comparison of magnitude of effect of forest dislocations and lattice resistance. .Year 2 Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. Importance of the magnitude of the energy barrier. Asperities. e. Fe. Existence of other obstacles to glide: forest dislocations. Magnitude of the activation energy. metals. Peierls stress. The work required to move a dislocation. on the application of electrical or magnetic fields as well as simply applying loads. Surface deformation: friction and wear Causes of friction.14 DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS 10 lectures Course F Dr W. glide and shuffle planes. b. how this is related to the crystal structure and interatomic forces. Effect of recovery on yield stress.c.c. The energetics and structure of partial dislocations. in turn. estimate of slip plane spacing and Burgers vector. Importance in materials with a low lattice resistance. It is shown how the nature of the obstacles to flow can dramatically affect the kinetics of dislocation motion and. TiC. Ni. The course begins with developing a basic understanding of plastic flow in a wide range of materials.

Frost and M. Concept of strain energy release rate.J. Calculating the energy changes using K. 2. The plastic (process) zone. Fracture of Brittle Solids. Deformation Mechanism Maps. Pergamon Press.R. Effect of irreversible processes. Incorporation of irreversible processes in a thermodynamic approach. Concept of the equilibrium crack length. 1998. Increasing R by plastic flow. Example estimate of the magnitude of the toughening for bridging by elongated grains. Key Texts 1.15 Early theories. Variation of fracture resistance as crack extends. Can we have a more general criterion for cracking? Division of terms into a driving force and a resistance. .F. Equivalence with the stress intensity factor. 1982. Cracking in different loading conditions. Ashby. B. How does toughening change the way a crack grows? Increasing R by crack bridging.Year 2 When will bonds break? Part IB Materials Science & Metallurgy IB. Lawn. R-curve behaviour. Differences between G and K. Stable and unstable equilibria and the effect on crack growth. What determines the resistance of a material to cracking? Surface energy. H. Cambridge Solid State Science Series. Energetic criterion for cracking.

Eng.A.A. but there is the right to proceed to Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy in the fourth year.Sci.Eng. level. Those following the four-year course must take the Management Course in either Part IIB or Part III in order to qualify for M. MIT Exchange After successful application. but with small differences in the assessed work. degrees. Those taking a four-year course take Part IIB in their third year and Part III in their fourth year. graduating with B. a small number of students following the four-year course in Materials Science & Metallurgy may spend the Part IIB year studying Materials Science & Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). no Cambridge degree-class is given.Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy Head of Year: Dr M G Blamire PartII@msm. but graduation is only after completion of the fourth year when both B. during their Part IB year. this gives some exemptions on the way to Chartered Engineer (C. . beyond the B. and M. degrees are awarded. Part IIB — The four-year course is aimed at those wishing to pursue Materials Science as a career. The course is accredited by the Institute of Materials at the B. which can provide grants to cover travel and other expenses.Sci. Part IIA students must take the management course.) registration.cam.ac. Part IIA — The three-year course is aimed at those wishing to obtain a first degree in Materials Science & Metallurgy. accreditation. Successful completion of the year at MIT is recognised with an MIT transcript. The Part IIA and Part IIB courses are very similar. The four-year course is accredited by the Institute of Materials at the M.Eng. degree. but not immediately seeking any further qualification in the subject. Dr T J Matthams.A. The Part II courses are distinguished from earlier years in the Natural Sciences Tripos by the inclusion of Management and Language options. and M. Those interested in spending their third year (Part IIB) at MIT should discuss this with the Director of Undergraduate Teaching. Those taking Part IIB appear on the same class-list as the graduating students taking Part IIA.) registration. level. this gives more exemptions on the way to Chartered Engineer (C.Eng. Arrangements for this are under the Cambridge-MIT Institute (CMI) exchange scheme.uk Comments are welcome and should be sent to: Aims of the Part IIA and Part IIB courses Those taking a three-year course take Part IIA in their third year.Eng.

Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy Staff-in-Charge for Part IIA and Part IIB Activities II. D J Fray Prof. D J Fray Prof.Materials Examination Language Programme Management Vacation Placement Scheme . A L Greer / Dr S J Lloyd Prof.European . Teaching Committee Director of Undergraduate Teaching Safety Officer Part IIA and IIB Head of Year Timetable Practicals . W Bonfield(Senior)/ Dr M G Blamire/ Dr G T Burstein/Dr W J Clegg Prof I P Jones (University of Birmingham) Prof R J Young (University of Manchester) Outline of the Course Michaelmas Term Introductory Sessions : Lectures Start : Week 1 and Week 2 Thursday 9th Oct at 9 am (Please note that all lectures will start on the hour in accordance with the timetable but are expected to finish 5 minutes to the next hour at the latest) 81 Lectures + 9 Examples Classes Lecture Courses : . A L Greer Prof.2 Head of Department Deputy Head of Department Chair. A L Greer Dr T J Matthams Dr J A Little Dr M G Blamire Dr T J Matthams Dr M G Blamire Prof. T W Clyne Prof.UK Industrial Visits & Speakers / Research Tour Literature Survey Design Project Techniques Projects Long Vacation Projects Senior Teaching Laboratory Technician Teaching Office Secretary Examiners External Examiners Prof. T W Clyne Dr M G Blamire Dr E R Wallach Dr M G Blamire Dr J A Little Dr Z H Barber Dr E R Wallach/Dr M G Blamire Mr F Clarke Miss Carol Ann Monteith Prof.

C9 and C16 (+ spill over to Lent Term especially of the last few courses) Two from P1 to P7 + 2 Materials Examination Series (See Practicals Book) Students can choose any 2 weeks with two. Fatigue and deformation Heat & Mass Transfer (C1) (C5) (C12) (C14) (C15) (C17) No of Lectures + Ex Classes 6 1 12 2 9 1 or 2 6 12 6 1 1 or 2 1 Lecturer RVK JEE ST JAE CR RVK 28th October at 11 am 1st December at 11 am Details during Introductory Sessions.) Practicals . Industrial Speakers: Management/Language Industrial Visit Michaelmas Term Review: Lent Term Lecture Courses: Week 1 to Week 8. C10 and C11 Week 5 to Week 8 Supervisions in courses C4. report 4 by 12th February 2004. report 2 by 5th December 2003. C8.18 → II.Year 3 Course Mathematical Methods Crystallography Kinetics Chem.3 Suggested Schedule for Supervisions Week 1 to Week 4 Supervisions in courses C3. C6. C7. report 3 by 16th January 2004. (60 lectures + 8 Examples Classes) Course Phase Equilibria Physical Properties Plasticity & Deformation Processing Polymer Processing Fracture. Stability Alloys Tensor Properties Structure & Properties of Polymers Surfaces and Interfaces Ceramics Composite Materials Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy No of Lectures + Ex Classes (C3) 6 1 (C6) 9 2 (C7) 9 1 or 2 (C8) 9 1 or 2 (C9) 9 1 or 2 (C4) 12 2 (C10) 9 1 or 2 (C11) (C13) (C16) 6 9 12 1 1 or 2 2 Lecturer TJM JALe ALG JALi HKDB PAM AHW JLD WJC TWC II. three hour slots per week from the allotted days within the following deadlines: report 1 by 7th November 2003.21 3rd December 26th/27th November (Individual appointments to be arranged. and see pp II.

1st. At least 2 slots per week × 3 hours per slot for 4 weeks (24 hours). deadline 23 April 2004 Literature Survey: Week 5 to Week 8. stiffness in laminates. mechanical testing. Deadline for submission 13th February Techniques Project: (thermal analysis.4 Suggested Schedule for Supervision: Week 1 to Week 4: C1. SEM. 2nd and 3rd June Submission of all Marked Continuously Assessed Course Work: by noon on 28th May 2004 . C17 and C18 Design Project: Week 1 to Week 4. (12 lectures + 3 Examples Classes) Course Selection of Materials Biomaterials No of Lectures + Ex Classes (C2) 6 2 (C18) 6 1 Lecturer JALi SMB Supervision: Week 1 to Week 4: C14 and C2 Weeks 4 & 5: Additional supervisions and Revision Clinics (2) and Revision Weeks Examination: 4 three-hour written papers to be held on 31st May. high-strength steel welds. C5 and C13 (+ Michaelmas Term Courses) Week 5 to Week 8: C12. x-ray diffraction.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. (approximately 24 hours) Deadline 12th March 2004 Departmental Research Tour: Industrial Speakers: Management/Language: Industrial Visit: Easter Term 4th March at 11 am As last term 17th February 27th January 2004 Lecture Courses: Week 1 to Week 3. thin films. continuum modelling. TEM. C15. potentiostat. molecular modelling. impedance spectroscopy and thermal spraying) Week 5 to Week 8. 3 slots per week x 3 hours per slot for 4 weeks (approximately 36 rd hours).

The remaining 33% comes from the continuously assessed parts of the course. normally carried out during Michaelmas Term.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. It is generally assumed that course lecturers will deal with the Examples Class questions during the specifically allocated time (see Timetable). Written reports on at least two practicals plus two Materials Examination series'. A Literature Survey on a topic selected from a list provided by members of staff during the Lent Term 5. while Question sheets will form part of the supervision work. A report on a Design Project. supervisions in small groups are a critical part of the learning process in Part IIA and IIB Materials Science & Metallurgy. Each group of students can expect to receive 12 . Examination and Assessment The Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy written examination (identical for Part IIA and Part IIB) consists of four three-hour papers. Throughout the academic year.15 supervisions in the Michaelmas Term. Each supervision group of students will be allotted a supervision team consisting of group of academic staff with one staff member acting as the team coordinator. A report on a Research Project or an Industrial Project. — these carry credit as a percentage of the overall total. 2. A report on a Techniques Project carried out during the Lent Term 6. the Supervision Team Coordinator ensures that students are being supervised adequately and will also act as a main contact point for any questions and concerns related to the course. and they carry 67% of the total credit for the course. Detailed arrangements for the Lent and the Easter Term will be announced at the beginning of each term. as follows: . The Head of Year for Part II organises the supervision system on behalf of the colleges. carried out in the Lent Term 4. carried out in the long vacation and an oral presentation (compulsory for Pt IIA. which are: 1.5 Oral Examination: 10th June (All candidates must make themselves available for the oral examination with the External examiners) Class List: Prize Giving: Supervision Arrangements 11th June 14th June As in Part IA and IB. Marks from the Language or Management options. optional for Pt IIB) 3.

/Fri. common room) 9th October 2003 9 10th October 2003 16th October 2003 7th November 2002 26/27th November 2003 3rd December 2003 5th December 2003 13th January 2004 16th January 2004 27th January 2004 12th February 2004 13th February 2004 17th February 2004 12th March 2004 20th April 2004 23rd April 2004 13th May 2004 28th May 2004 31st May 2004 1st June 2004 2nd June 2004 3rd June 2004 10th June 2004 11th June 2004 14th June 2004 12 9–12 9–12 9–12 9–12 all day 11 . paper 3 written examination.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy Part IIA 2 8 6 5 8 4 33% Part IIB 8 6 5 10 4 33% II. Long Vacation project deadline for Practical Report 1 Michaelmas term review interviews industrial visit deadline for Practical Report 2 end of Michaelmas Full Term start of Lent Full Term deadline for Practical Report 3 Department research tour deadline for Practical Report 4 deadline for submission of Design Project industrial visit deadline for submission of Literature Survey end of Lent Full Term start of Easter Full Term deadline for submission of Techniques Project. paper 2 written examination. Important Dates Tuesday Thursday Friday Thurs Friday Thur. Wednesday Friday Tuesday Friday Thursday Friday Tuesday Friday Tuesday Friday Thursday Friday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Thursday Friday Monday 7th October 2003 9 welcome from Head of Department start-of-year briefing start of Michaelmas Full Term first lecture (T001) deadline for Long Vacation Project report oral presentations. paper 1 written examination. paper 4 oral examinations with external examiners Class List published end of Easter Full Term prize giving (Dept. end of lectures deadline for submission of assessed work written examination.6 Long Vacation Project* Practicals / Materials Examinations Design Project Literature Survey Techniques Project Language / Management Management TOTAL * counts in Part III for those taking the four-year course.

Performance indices which include shape. . activity and activity coefficients. • indicate the synergy between shape and materials properties to the design process and the resulting behaviour of a component. • consider what to do if things go wrong: failure analysis and what can be learnt. Materials property charts including shape. quality. enthalpy. Analysis of costs. variation of enthalpy. Materials data: required accuracy. Steps in the design process: sequential and iterative progress. An examples class will provide an introduction to the CMS software (available on the computers in laboratory 201) so that the software can be used to underpin the concepts introduced in the course. sources. Types of design problems: original. Shape factors (macro and microscopic). Causes of failures in service. with a combination of appropriate properties. may be chosen for a given application. partial molar properties. The lectures will be supplemented by question sheets and by practical studies (including examples classes) covering the examination of classical microstructures. Chemical potential. Costs and cost effectiveness in design. • show how materials. Combining materials properties for specific design problems (example of aircraft skin selection). reversibility. specific household objects and actual objects that have failed in service. development and variant. determination of activity Thermodynamics of mixing of solutions. Use of weighting factors. which assumes a basic knowledge of microstructures and elementary mechanics. Materials property charts without shape and their use in materials selection. equilibrium constant of a chemical reaction Thermodynamics of gases and condensed phase solutions. Optimisation/ranking and expert systems. The effect of shape on materials selection.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. common tangent construction and equilibrium phase diagrams Case Studies: Application of thermodynamic concepts to (a) combustion reactions (b) gases in metals and (c) aluminothermic reduction RVK C2: SELECTION OF MATERIALS 6 Lectures + 2 Examples Classes ERW The aims of this course. equilibrium.7 C1: PHASE EQUILIBRIA 6 Lectures + 1 Examples Class Laws of thermodynamics. code of practice). entropy and free energy Thermochemistry. Raoult’s law. multicomponent solution and interaction coefficients. Specifications and standards: need and types (dimensional. Classes of materials and types of properties. GibbsDuhem equation. Henry’s law and dilute solution. are to: • summarise the basic steps in the design process. entropy and free energy changes for a reaction with temperature. • familiarise students with the range and different combinations of properties that are available by means of the Cambridge Materials Selector (CMS) software.

Introduction to examples of actual failures (to form the basis of independent study with workshop in the Lent term to discuss the examples). Transformation of axes. The diffusion equation and some specific solutions: the error function solution. Definition of strain . Statistics and statistical distributions: Normal (Gaussian). Fourier series and Fourier transforms and their application in materials science. Application to 3 × 3 stress and strain tensors and 2-dimensional stress states in thin laminae of long-fibre composites. First-order differential equations — General solutions of simple first-order differential equations. Direction cosines. Error analysis — Errors and their treatment. Anisotropy and symmetry. General notation and Einstein summation convention. and to failure modes of materials and structures. algebraic approximations. Analysis of failure for metals: types of failure and fracture surface examination. Examples for uniaxial tension and compression. eigenvalues. Diffusion — Fick’s first law. Tensor notation for stress. pure shear. separation of variables and its application to diffusion out of a plane sheet. coordinate transformations.8 Failure analysis: approaches to adopt when things go wrong. approximations based on series expansions and their application to models of ionic conductivity. Application to solidification. hydrostatic tension and compression. invariants of symmetric matrices.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. hyperbolic functions. Matrix algebra — Determinants. Regression and curve fitting. Tensor rank. viscoelastic behaviour and the electrical response of lossy dielectrics. Steady state solidification. eigenvectors. Analysis of failure for ceramics and polymers: types of failure and fracture surface examination. trace of a matrix. vector algebra and its use in crystallography. C3: MATHEMATICAL METHODS 6 Lectures + 1 Examples Class TJM Revision of some important points in algebra and calculus: integration. Example of stresses on plane in bar in uniaxial tension. Stress and strain — Introduction to elastic and plastic behaviour. complex numbers. differentiation. principal axes. Poisson. Confidence and significance. similarity transformations. Reasons for failure. Weibull. C4: TENSOR PROPERTIES 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class PAM Tensor quantities and properties (field and matter tensors). Physical significance of tensor components. Taylor’s series. the thin-film solution. illustrated with real symmetric 2 × 2 and 3 × 3 matrices. kinetics of electrode reactions and crystal growth. Fick’s second law. differentiation of exponentials. Stress tensor in cylindrical co-ordinates. Definition of stress at a point. Summation of geometric series and application to stepwise polymerisation. Solutions of simple second order linear differential equations: the damped simple harmonic oscillator and the shear lag equation. Resolution of stresses: derivation of formula for normal and shear stresses on a plane. Electrical conductivity as a simple example of a tensor property.

Other waves: torsion in rod. Bloch’s theorem. Optical properties: indicatrix. General anisotropic medium: stiffness and compliance tensors. Non-linear optics and introduction to higher order properties. Venant's principle. Comparison of wave velocities for steel. Review of free electron model: k-space. Elasticity — Isotropic medium: linear elasticity theory. density of states. electrical transducers in a variety of devices. stress-strain relationship. Properties of symmetrical second rank tensors: principal axes. polycrystalline piezoelectric transducers. Applications of piezoelectric effect. semiconductors and insulators. Ferroelectricity. Methods of experimental stress analysis — Strain gauges: fundamentals underlying gauge factor. Brillouin zones in two and three dimensions. metals. Elastic stress distributions — General elasticity theory: stress equilibrium. charge transport. Wave equation and free electron model. measurement. Diagonalisation in two dimensions: the Mohr circle construction. C5: PHYSICAL PROPERTIES 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class JEE Introduction to electronic structure of solids. Selection of piezoelectric materials. Fermi surfaces for free and nearly-free electrons in two . Residual stresses: origin and measurement. stressoptical co-efficients. good and bad metals. X-ray diffraction. Elastic waves — Reasons for interest: dynamic fracture behaviour. epitaxy. delocalisation of charge carriers.9 at a point. Limitations. Examples of elastic stress distributions: beam bending. aluminium and rubber. Wave equation for longitudinal wave in rod. Analysis of strain gauge results. Diagonalisation of general tensor to find principal stresses and strains. ultrasonics. Examples. Consequences of energy dispersion E(k). Stresses in thin-walled tubes. principle of superposition. Electron energy distributions in k-space. isochromatic and isoclinic fringes. energy bands and gaps. Strain energy density: symmetry of general stiffness and compliance matrices. Examples of stress and strain — Stresses and strains in thin films: origin. Symmetry of strain tensor. Fermi energy. Poisson's ratio. mesoscale phenomena. ray-velocity surfaces. energy levels. Applications: introduction to optoelectronic devices. Effects of crystal symmetry: specific example of cubic point group 23. Simplification by symmetry: matrix notation. dislocations. ultrasonics. applications. band filling and overlap. Other methods of stress measurement: brittle coatings.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. interrelationships of elastic constants. Distinction between rigid body displacement and rotation. Tensor properties other than elasticity — Piezoelectricity: tensor notation. Band gaps. dilatation and distortion in an infinite medium. Lamé constants. St. Direct and indirect band gaps. Photoelasticity: birefringence. interpretation in terms of Bragg’s law. Brief mention of other tensor properties. Physical interpretation of three deformation modes in a cubic crystal. shear modulus. bulk modulus. effective mass. Hydrostatic and deviatoric components of the stress tensor. and shear. Nearly free electron model. Anisotropy factor for several materials. Dilatational and deviatoric components of the strain tensor. notch in plate. Hooke's Law. including representation of 3-D stress state. circular hole in plate. Practical details. Rayleigh waves. Fermi-Dirac distribution function. Comparison with tight binding models. strain compatibility. electrons and holes.

Overall summary. The stereographic projection of the symmetry elements of a cube. . Theories of optical behaviour. Band structure of absorption and reflection processes. Optical emission processes. MOS. The Wulff Net and its uses. annealing. Electron transport. Thomas-Fermi screening length. Thermionic emission. Texture and its measurement — Representation of texture: pole figures and inverse pole figures. Electroluminescence. mechanical deformation. and b. Concept of the representation of symmetry elements on a sphere. Space group symmetry — Translational symmetry. Homojunction and heterojunction lasers. Space groups. effective mass. Simple examples in crystal structures: zinc oxide and diamond. Optical constants of materials: refractive index and extinction coefficient.. atomic and ionic radii.p. thin film growth. Diehl's rule.c. Densities of states. mirror planes. description of crystal structures in terms of arrangement of atoms. electron mean free path. Band bending. Revision: crystal systems. copper and graphite. inversion axes. Point group symmetry — Symmetry elements: rotation axes. Polar groups. angles between planes. OILS rule. Photovoltaic generation. Band structure engineering. The projection of small circles. Electronic properties of surfaces and interfaces. The symmetry elements of a cube. Self-consistent sets of symmetry elements. Examples of polar structures. photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence. location of carbon atoms in austenite and martensite.c. Geometry of single crystal slip.c. The reciprocal lattice and its relationship to the real lattice. and b. Lasers. Stability of alloy phases. impurity and phonon scattering. Examples of map projections. notation for vectors and planes. Construction of the stereographic projection. colour of materials. The Weiss zone law for vectors [UVJW] lying in planes (hkil).c. Glide planes and screw axes. The choice of the stereographic projection. Examples of origins of texture: solidification. hybridisation of electron states. The 4-index (Miller-Bravais) notation for hexagonal materials. Band structures for ferromagnetic materials.c metals. Interband and intraband transitions. the Weiss zone law. spin polarisation. and carrier depletion. Representation of non-translational symmetry elements and groups of symmetry elements on a stereographic projection. coordination of atoms. C6: CRYSTALLOGRAPHY 9 Lectures + 2 Examples Classes JALe Revision — simple crystal structures. contact potential. thermal and electrical resistivity of metals. Crystal orientation distribution functions. Thermoluminescence. Fluorescence and phosphorescence.c. Projection of a pole and great circles. Effect of temperature on resistivity. Mathematical proof of Diehl's rule and OILS rule.p.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. Contacts. Examples. junctions. Reflectivity of metals and insulators. Use of Diehl's rule for c. relative sizes of interstices in c. location of interstices. Transition metals. Stereographic projection — Mapping the surface of a sphere. Centrosymmetric point groups. solar cells. The surface structure of tungsten.10 and three dimensions. Light emitting diodes.

First-order and second-order transformations. Martensitic crystallography and deformation twinning crystallography. Electron diffraction patterns in the transmission electron microscope. Comparison of failure modes in Al-based and Cu-based metallizations. Darken and Nernst-Planck regimes. Reciprocity of c. Diffusion in compound semiconductors. Anti-phase domains.doping effects on oxidation rates. liquid crystals and their preferred orientation. The concept of a lattice correspondence. The free volume model. CSL notation. Diffusion in ionic compounds . Laser-melting and regrowth of silicon for heavy doping. Self-diffusion in silicon. Diffusion control of transformation rates. C7: KINETICS 9 Lectures + 1 Examples Class ALG Revision of diffusion laws and mechanisms.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. Solute trapping — To lines. Diffusion-limited and collision-limited growth. Kauzmann paradox. Interdiffusion — Darken relations. distribution functions. Lattice variant and lattice invariant shears. Epitaxial interfaces. Non-crystalline materials — Non-crystalline materials: descriptions of structure.p. Kinetics of the solid-liquid interface. Electromigration — effective charge. Spinodal decomposition.c. Grain growth in thin films. Application of the analysis to transformations in the solid state. The thermodynamic factor in interdiffusion — tracer and chemical diffusivities. and b. Conclusions on the classification of transformation kinetics. . Ordering in non-stoichiometric alloys. Bragg-Williams model. Johnson-Mehl-Avrami analysis. Crystallography of diffraction — Diffraction and the reciprocal lattice. Thermodynamics of ordering — shortrange and long-range order parameters. Kinetics of grain growth — normal and abnormal growth. Structural unit model of grain boundaries. Order-disorder transformations. Eutectic growth (Jackson-Hunt analysis). Symmetry in reciprocal space and in electron diffraction patterns.c lattices. Ostwald ripening. Dopant and impurity diffusion in silicon. Metallic contacts on silicon.c. failure of interconnects. Fundamentals of interface migration. atomic flux divergences. Overall reaction kinetics. DSC notation. X-ray diffraction in terms of reciprocal lattice and the Ewald sphere. Coarsening of domain pattern. Strain-induced and diffusion-induced grain boundary migration. The glass transition. Contributions to overall undercooling. Interfacial dislocations in simple systems. Concepts of interfacial mobility and drag Origins of grain structure.11 Crystallography of interfaces — Elementary geometry of grain boundaries. Kinetics of ordering. The Ewald sphere. Atomic transport in liquids — diffusion and viscosity. Thermodynamics of diffusion — chemical potential gradient. Precipitation.

Film growth under high and low electric field. hardening through deformation and heat treatment. . kinetics of growth. Use of HSC Chemistry software to plot Eh-pH and phase stability diagrams. characteristics. special systems. Nucleation and growth of oxide films. Case study on the welding of steels. The electric field and its distribution. Magnesium alloys: alloying behaviour. Mechanical behaviour of oxide films. ß-alloys. and Al-Li). tempering reactions. transformations. Alloys of iron — effects of solute additions. commercial alloy and heat-treatment designation system. nature of carbide precipitation. martensite. Oxides and surface films. heat-resistant Ti alloys. shape change. Protective coatings. super-plastic.12 C8: CHEMICAL STABILITY 9 Lectures + 1 Examples Class JALi High and low temperature reactions. High temperature corrosion of complex alloys. Widmanstätten ferrite. Allotriomorphic and idiomorphic ferrite in steels. Steels — strong and tough martensitic steels. Aluminium alloys — typical phase diagrams. interstitial solute effects. microstructure. Thermal barrier coatings. crystallographic texture. trace element effects. casting alloys. mechanical properties. morphology. diffusionless transformation mechanism and resulting microstructure.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. equilibrium and non-equilibrium phases. mechanisms of strengthening. novel alloys. Measurement of kinetics. ferrite. Titanium alloys — the pure metal. α+ß alloys. Hot salt corrosion. The bainite reaction in steels. Transport mechanisms: electron and ion conduction. applications to novel systems. wrought alloys. Effect of dopants. Anodising and its applications. upper and lower bainite. Phase stability and predominance diagrams in gaseous environments. and applications. α-alloys. powder metallurgy and rapid solidification processing.g. alloys which are not heat treated. the transformations in steels. Protectiveness of surface films. Oxide and sulphide growth in mixed gas environments. Kinetics and growth equations. microstructural control. Graphical representation of free energies in complex environments. the relationship between microstructure and properties. special alloys for low temperature service. precipitation schemes. shape deformation. The effects of sulphate and chloride ions C9: ALLOYS 9 Lectures + 1 Examples Class HDB This course deals with the design of metallic alloys with a focus on the development and control of microstructure. special alloys (e.

bulk kinetics. time temperature superposition. bonding and reactions.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. thermodynamics. Freundlich. Kinetics of surface and interface processes. emulsions and their stability. crystallization process. Packing of chain molecules on a crystal lattice. The zeta potential. Models of the segregated surface. WLF equation. reptation model. Properties and control of segregated interfaces. Polymer physics of dynamic processes — Modulus of a glass. effect of side group size. effects of entanglements. Measurement of surface area and roughness. Applications to coating technology and machining. Its relation to electrode potential. Diffusion to and along surfaces revisited. BET. Dimensionality and fractals. general role of mechanical models. Monolayer and multilayer adsorption. and the viscosity of a melt. Temkin. Wetting and surface tension. Surface smoothness and roughness. Cooperative segregation versus site competition. Adsorption from the fluid phase. McLean and Guttmann models. Adsorption isotherms: Langmuir. double and higher substitutions. Fracture of glassy polymers. bonding. Structure. packing of helices. Effects of interfacial films. Regular chain conformations of vinyl polymers — Conformational diagrams and conformational energy maps. Reaction kinetics at interfaces. drawing. yield criteria. Relationship to solid solubility. Maxwell and Voigt elements. Standard Linear Solid. syndiotactic. Roughness factors. Rubber toughening of polymers. AHW C11: SURFACES & INTERFACES 6 Lectures + 1 Examples Class JLD Energetics and thermodynamics of interfaces. Colloids. Cohesion. Adsorption from the solid phase. Chemical and physical Electrokinetic effects. adhesion and adhesives. Glass transition and viscoelasticity — Polymeric states. . Surface structure. Oscillating flow. mechanical models of behaviour. Surface and interface segregation. kinetics. Mechanical properties of solid polymers — Yielding and plastic flow. crazing. factors controlling the elastic modulus of a rubber (revision). and Frumkin models. Control of ζ.13 C10: STRUCTURE & PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS 9 Lectures + 1 Examples Class Molecular tour of common polymer types Crystallization process — Factors controlling ability of a polymer to crystallise. corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking. Effects of segregation on embrittlement. Generation of highsurface-area solids. Bonding in composite materials. intergranular etching. Lubrication and lubricants. secondary crystallisation.

Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. Large grains and their effect on strength. Lectures 3-4 Increasing the resistance to cracking by crack deflection and grain bridging. Deformation in plane stress: yielding of thin sheet in biaxial and uniaxial tension. Concept of a yield surface in principal stress space. Slip line fields for compression of slab. Lecture 5 Increasing the resistance to cracking by transformation toughening. machining and forging. Velocity-vector diagrams: hodographs. Physical interpretation of Tresca (maximum shear stress) and von Mises (strain energy density. Yield criteria applicable to metals. The implications for components: The origin of flaws and defects and their removal: Porosity and interparticle friction. von Mises. Use of finite-element methods in analyses of metalforming operations. e. Al2O3.14 C12: PLASTICITY & DEFORMATION PROCESSING 9 Lectures + 1 Examples Class ST Plasticity and plastic flow in crystals — Plastic flow and its microscopic and macroscopic descriptions. Examples: indentation by flat punch.g. e. Size of the transformation zone around a crack. . Plane stress deformation: Lüders bands. Equivalence of Tresca and von Mises yield criteria in plane strain. Yield in crystals: derivation of the stress tensor for glide on a general plane in a general direction. Experimental test of yield criteria (Taylor and Quinney). The limits of improvements. comparison with shear pattern in transparent polymers. Removal of agglomerates.g. octahedral shear stress) yield criteria. Al2O3. Agglomeration. SiC. Upper and lower-bound theorems. Effect of the applied stress. ZrO2. Definition of yield criterion. Estimation of the extent of toughening. Plane strain deformation: derivation of stress tensor and separation into hydrostatic and deviatoric components.g. C13: CERAMICS 9 Lectures + 1 Examples Class WJC Lectures 1–2 Revision: Brittleness. e. Definition of an independent slip system. Examples in metals and ceramics. R-curve behaviour and its effect on the Weibull modulus. liquid phase sintered SiC. Spontaneous transformation. Slip line field theory — Physical interpretation of slip lines. Coulomb. extrusion. pressure-modified von Mises. Zirconia and its crystal structures. Fabrication of suitable structures: gas pressure sintered Si3N4. Example: pressurised thin-walled cylinder. Classical theory of the strength of soldered and glued joints. Retention of metastable structures. Why cracks can be deflected at interfaces. polymers and geological materials. Grain bridging. Limit analyses for indentation. Application to rolling and wire-drawing. Yield criteria: Tresca. Proof testing. Plastic strain analyses — Levy-Mises equations.g. cement. Al2TiO5. Hencky relations. Need for five independent slip systems to accommodate general strain. yield in deeply notched bar. e. Estimation of forces for plastic deformation — Stress evaluation and work formulae. Continuum plasticity — Stress-strain curves of real materials.

blow moulding. Making thermally shock resistant microstructures and materials. Moulding processes: compression moulding. Lectures 8-9 Thermal shock. For more reading on fracture. The onset of cracking. injection moulding. sharkskin). Unstable cracking and failure. Stentor process. flow front (fountain flow. Erosion and wear by cracking. Lecture 7 Contact damage. C14: POLYMER PROCESSING 6 Lectures + 1 Examples Class JAE Basic classification of polymers. weld lines). Fast fracture in brittle and ductile materials – characteristics of fracture surfaces. Cambridge University Press. conductivity. Cooling: heat transfer. intensive mixing. skim Fundamentals of Ceramics. Effect of microstructure on cracking. H.R.D. Materials behaviour during the processing stages — Overview. slippage. push-pull moulding. brittle and ductile behaviour. shrinkage. die-exit effects (die swell. For the overall mechanical behaviour start with An Introduction to the Mechanical Properties of Ceramics by D. 1996. mould design. Fourier equation. bubble blowing. 1998. Estimating the degree of crack growth. calendering. orientation (retraction). Reading To get a feel for the tremendous range of properties of ceramics. Kingery. crystallization. Uhlmann. Melt flow: die entry (extension. FATIGUE & CREEP DEFORMATION 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class CR Introduction — Fracture mechanics in the prediction of mechanical failure. flow curves. Blunt indenters. see Fracture of Brittle Solids by B. Reynolds number. Wiley. gating. pressure. machine.W. Bowen and D. Cambridge University Press. 1976. Tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (TZP). Range of macroscopic failure modes.15 Lecture 6 Zirconia microstructures for high toughness and their fabrication. basic types of processing Basics of polymer melt rheology — Viscosity. Processing design — General principles. Industrial processing methods — Mixing: blending. C15: FRACTURE. Green. by M. types of mixing. Bagley correction. forces and energy. Melting: memory effects.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. Zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA).J. flow through a pipe. Barsoum. Sharp indenters. 1997. rotational moulding. viscoelastic effects (Deborah number). melt fracture). Stable cracking. Extrusion-based processes: screw extruders. McGraw-Hill or Introduction to Ceramics by W. Contact stress fields. Partially stabilised zirconia (PSZ). Lawn. non-Newtonian behaviour. General applications. cleavage and microductility. inter-granular and intra-granular failure. . Mixing: additives. Thermoforming: vacuum. reaction injection moulding. plastic collapse.R.K. The differences between mechanical and thermal loading. degradation.

G. Failure in compression. The plasticity at the crack tip and the principles behind the approximate derivation of plastic zone shape and size. and fracture energy. The effect of plasticity — Factors improving toughness. strain and load control. R. Application of the rule of averages. Failure sequences. Crack Opening Displacement. Elastic-plastic fracture mechanics. Creep deformation — Creep damage. high-temperature applications. Nature of bonding. Linear elastic fracture mechanics. maritime. Measurement of parameters and examples of use. Stress concentrations and crack-blunting mechanisms. Micromechanisms of creep in materials and the role of diffusion. The fibre-matrix interface — Control of interfacial structure. fatigue limits and initiation and propagation control. . Critical aspect ratio for fibre fracture. Errors in the slab model for transverse loading. Concept of R curves. Coupling and wetting agents. primary. Consideration of the maximum shear stress at the crack tip and the effect on the crack path. Derivation of elastic constants. Low Cycle Fatigue. (LEFM) — Three loading modes and state of stress ahead of the crack tip. Limits on the applicability of LEFM. Inelastic interfacial phenomena. Applications of composites — Examples in aerospace. Measurement and control of interfacial bond strength. Testing of tubes in combined tension and torsion. stress intensity factor and the material parameter the critical stress intensity factor. leading to a consideration of factors enhancing fatigue resistance. Stress dependence of creep. secondary and tertiary creep. Differential thermal contraction stresses. Use of Halpin-Tsai equations. Tensile and shear failure modes for long-fibre composites. Thermal cycling effects. Kink-band formation. Herring-Nabarro and Coble creep. Thermal stresses of composites — Thermal expansion of composites. Failure of laminates. S-N curves. loading conditions. Modification for ductile materials.16 Griffiths analysis — Energy release rate. Interfacial shear stress. Load partitioning and composite stiffness. mean stress R ratio. Off-axis loading and elastic properties of a lamina. Application of data to real conditions: Goodman’s rule and Miner’s rule.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. Micro-mechanisms of fatigue damage. Interfacial sliding and matrix yielding. The effect of constraint — Plane stress and plane strain and the effect of component thickness. Short fibre composites — The shear-lag model for stress transfer. Fatigue — High Cycle Fatigue . Tensile shear interactions and lamina distortions. Elastic properties of laminates and laminate distortions. Long-fibre composites. The slab model for composite deformation. Stress concentration factor. Common types of fibre. Examples. Arrangements of reinforcements in composites. Ashby creep deformation maps. Fibre aspect ratios needed for load transfer and for optimal stiffening. Argon equation. sports goods. and the J integral. C16: COMPOSITE MATERIALS 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class TJM Types of matrix and reinforcement. (EPFM) — The definition of alternative failure prediction parameters. Netting analysis and winding angles. The maximum-stress and Tsai-Hill criteria. Strength of composites — Energies absorbed by crack deflection and fibre pull-out. Basic composite mechanics for stiffness prediction. etc. Comparison of creep performance under different conditions — extrapolation and the use of Larson-Miller parameters. processing equipment.

Biomaterial interactions with tissues — Allergic foreign body response.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. The future — extending “conventional” implant lifetimes. Current applications and limitations of materials used for skeletal repair. Density and strength. tooth. cobalt-chromium alloys. interdisciplinary scope. titanium alloys. bone cells. Dental Materials — Applications of polymers. Fluid flow & viscosity.17 Wood as a composite material — Structure of a tree trunk. Joint replacement prostheses. function of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. cytotoxicity. selected dimensionless groups. Case studies: Combined modes of heat transfer in (a) induction heating (b) plasma spraying and (c) stream shrouding in continuous casting. Moisture and shrinkage. bioactive glasses and glass ceramics. production of ceramic components. dense materials. biological testing. Cells and microfibrils. Ceramics for skeletal repair — Ceramic applications. Tracheids and parenchyma. prospects for tissue engineering. definitions. hydroxyapatite and collagen. C18: MEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS 6 Lectures + 1 Examples Class SMB Introduction to medical materials — Terminology. Softwoods and hardwoods. carcinogenesis. coatings. corrosion and wear problems. enamel and dentine. mechanical properties. mutagenicity. alumina and zirconia. bioactive. thermal resistance. radiation from black and grey surfaces. heat transfer coefficients. adsorption of proteins. mass transfer coefficient and inter-phase mass transfer. bone repair. metals. bioactive bone grafts. Case studies: Application of mass transfer calculations to (a) gas dissolution in molten metals and (b) metal-refining reactions. coagulation and haemolysis. convection and radiation and their relevance to metallurgical processes. Heat conduction equation. . Internal stresses. example applications. mass transfer in metallurgical processes. C17: HEAT & MASS TRANSFER 6 Lectures + 1 Examples Class RVK Basic concepts of heat transfer by conduction. Bone as a composite. biomaterials device design. porous materials. convection and heat transfer calculations. Mechanical properties of bone and biomechanics of joints. ceramics and composites Metals for skeletal repair — Stainless steel. Biological tissues and joints — Cortical and cancellous bone.

The student groups will be required to sign up at least one week in advance. choosing any two slots from the Monday.ac.cam. The Practicals will take at least six hours and you may be required to use a third slot to finalise results for the practical. and each student group (of 3 students) must select two practicals from P1 to P7. In addition.msm. Bookings are on a first-come-firstserved basis. which is available from the Teaching section of the Department website (www. Staff from the Engineering Department are involved in teaching and assessment of Materials Science students. with no more than one practical per category.cam.18 Member of Staff Responsible CR TWC DJF Dr Milan Majoros REC ERW DJF SJL Group A (Mechanical Properties) P1: Mechanical Failure of Materials P2: Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials Group B (Materials Chemistry) P3: Activity of Lithium (Li Ion Battery) Group C (Non-Metallic Materials) P4: High T Superconductors P5: Polymer Crystallisation Group D (Metallic Materials) P6: Casting P7: Oxidation of Titanium Alloys Materials Examination Series The practicals are divided into 4 groups based upon subject categories (Mechanical Properties. and two Materials Examination Series. Metallic Materials). there is access to certain relevant resources within the Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy. Tuesday and the Wednesday 2–5 pm slots set aside for practicals.html . Materials Chemistry.uk/teaching/language/langunit. Materials Science students are also free to use the facilities in the Language Unit at other times. Language Option The language courses are run in conjunction with the Engineering Department.eng. together with students from Engineering and also from the Chemistry Department.ac. Further information about the Language Unit is available at: http://www.uk/). Full details of the way in which the Language Options runs are supplied in a booklet. Non-Metallic Materials. where there is a resource centre (The Language Unit). Materials Examinations are expected to take about three hours each. Timetabled activities are held in the Language Unit throughout the year.Year 3 List of Practicals Practicals Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II.

It is therefore important that all students choosing the Language Option should attend this meeting. a member of staff from the Language Unit will come to the department and give a brief talk about the structure and format of the course. which can be accessed in Room 201 or at various other locations in the University. Different types of course are available.00 in the Seminar Room. The dates of Tuesday 7th and Wednesday 8th October have been set aside for these tests. This must be done by Friday 10th October. T. but the guiding principle of the language programme is to make students better equipped for learning languages for life. The programme is designed to improve ability to operate in the language concerned. using the self-access facilities in the Language Unit and in Room 201. where they will be met by Casimir D’Angelo.ac. This will include a question-and-answer session. CALL (Computer Assisted Language Learning) initial self-assessment tests must be taken by all students at the start of the course. both at home and abroad. Registration and Initial Assessment — Students must choose between the Language Option and the Management Option by the end of Friday 10th October 2003. in the Engineering Department. on Tuesday 7th October at 11. a talk about the Language programme will be given by Casimir D’Angelo. Clyne (twc10@cam. It is not envisaged that there will be any formal supervisions concerning work in the Language Option.uk). German Spanish or Japanese and also give an indication of their prior level of competence in their chosen language. W. Students will later be informed by e-mail about the course to which they have been allocated. Each student will be allocated to one of the courses.19 Aims — These vary with the level of the course. If any student feels that he or she has been allocated to an inappropriate level of course. In order to help in making the choice. will be organised for all students who have been registered. who will explore the situation with staff from the Language Unit.15 pm on Tuesday 14th October. all students will be issued with a swipe card. Contact Time — There will be 2 hours of timetabled contact time per week in the Language Unit (Engineering Department) throughout the Michaelmas and Lent Terms. However. It should be noted that much of the communication concerning the course will be carried out via e-mail. and more aware of the culture associated with the language concerned. Before this deadline. After visiting the Language Unit. Timetabled activities start during the third week of term and run throughout the Michaelmas and Lent terms. A visit to the Language Unit. Intermediate and Advanced levels. all Part IIB or Part III students choosing the Language Option will state whether they would prefer to study French. Those taking it should become more proficient and independent at learning languages in the future. Please make sure that you consult your mailbox regularly. based on information in the completed form and on the results of a test carried out during the second week of the Michaelmas Term. These tests will be carried out in Room 201 (on the second floor) during the first week of term. Selection of the appropriate level for each student will be carried out by personnel from the Language Unit. Students should gather in the Foyer of the main block of the Engineering Department at 2. the Director of the Language Unit. which will allow access to the Unit out of working hours. informal contact concerning . corresponding to Beginner.Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II. they should initially contact Prof. This contact time should be supplemented by about 1-2 hours of independent work per week. which they will then follow for the two terms during which the course runs. Choosing a Course — At the start of the academic year.

so that students entering the programme with little or no language expertise will not be disadvantaged. Levels — Courses are run at three levels. Beginners level is self-explanatory . however.uk). as part of the knowledge required for industrial scientists. Objectives To bring about an awareness and appreciation of the processes and methods in strategic corporation management. technologists and engineers. led by the Director. D J Fray djf25@hermes.ac. not just as a career objective. Mr Casimir D’Angelo (cd237@eng. Within this level a distinction is drawn between Upper Intermediate (roughly corresponding to Grades A or B at GCSE).Year 3 Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy II.20 the course content is expected to occur throughout with appropriate staff in the Language Unit.cam.it is for those who have little or no previous experience of the language.ac. the Language Centre and possibly the Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy. a course in “Aspects of Corporate Management”. It provides a broad framework for those wishing to take the Management Studies option in Part III. For German. who will be the point of contact in the Department. but more generally. Clyne (twc10@cam. commercial and general management as a stand-alone . in the Lent Term. but also a glimpse of the processes of industrial. on Thursday 4th Dec.cam. on Thursday 11th March and Friday 12th March 2004. on the basis of a series of informal tests. and Friday 5th Dec. Advanced level is broadly suitable for those who have taken A level/AS level or equivalent. Intermediate Level is broadly suitable for those who have taken GCSE. Staff — The Language Programme in the Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy is under the direction of Prof. T. but this is not done for French. They do. These distinctions are not fixed and have only a minor influence on the teaching.uk Summary The Management Studies course (20 lectures) is designed to be a broad introduction to business management for materials scientists.uk). the course offers a basic treatment of many topics involved in management of corporations under the title “Entrepreneurship”. and at the end of the Lent term. There are several members of staff involved in teaching within the Language Unit. Middle Intermediate (Grades C or D) and Lower Intermediate (Grade E or below). There will be written and oral tests at the end of the Michaelmas term. dictate which timetabled slot is attended each week. 2003. Evaluation and Final Assessment — The progress of individual students will be continuously assessed.ac. Within this level a distinction is drawn between Upper Advanced (roughly corresponding to Grades A to C at A level) and Lower Advanced (Grade D or below). MANAGEMENT OPTION Course Coordinator: Prof. beginners classes are subdivided into upper and lower levels. In the Michaelmas Term. W. The assessment will be of the progress made during the year.

Year 3

Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy

II.21

course for those not intending to continue with Management Studies in Part III. The course is highly diverse, being presented as a variety of many subject areas. The Michaelmas Term component is presented by the Cambridge Entrepreneurship Centre (CEC) and will be given by academics and industrially or commercially based people. Assessment Is by coursework only; the course has no formal examination.

Aspects of Corporate Management (12 lectures) Michaelmas Term, Lent Term Fridays 14.00-15.00 in T001, starting 11th October 2003 Dr G T Burstein and Prof. D J Fray Introduction (GTB); nature of the company and company law (GTB); finance and the company — the cost (GTB), finance and the company — the origins (GTB), management of materials, components and waste (GTB), health and safety at work (GTB), quality systems and international standards (GTB), protection of intellectual property rights (DJF). Entrepreneurship (8 lectures) Michaelmas Term Thursdays 14.00-15.00 in T001, 16th October 2003 → 4th December 2003 Prof. S Vyakarnam (CEC), Dr J Mills (CEC) and others. The role of the entrepreneur in making science useful to society (SV, JM); from ideas to intellectual property (to be announced); writing a business plan (SV); people — building teams and networks (SV); financial statements 1 (to be announced); markets and marketing (SV); business Models to meet unmet needs (to be announced); venture finance — valuing the company and deals with investors (to be announced).

Year 3

Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy

II.22

PART II TIMETABLE
Week beginning * 6-Oct * 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 * Monday * T001 * * * * * * * * * * * * * C10 AHW * C3 TJM * * Mat Select ERW * Intro: Optical * and Mech. * * * * C8 JALi * * * C6 JALe * p * p * p/Language * Language * * C10 AHW * C8 JALi * * C6 JALe * p * p * p/Language * Language * * C7 ALG * C6 JALe * * C9 HKDB * p * p * p/Language * Language * * * * Tuesday T001 *
Welcome/Intro

MICHAELMAS 2003
Week beginning * 10-Nov * * * * * Monday T001 *
C11 JLD C4 PAM

* Wednesday * * T001 * * * * * *
9.30 Library Supervisors Safety Test

Thursday T001 *
C3 TJM 11.30 careers

* * * *

Friday T001 *
C10 AHW C3 TJM C8 JALi Mg'mt (DJF)

*** *** *** *

* * * *

Tuesday T001 *
C7 ALG C4 PAM

* Wednesday * * T001 * * * * * *
C11 JLD C13 WJC

Thursday T001 *
C4 PAM C7 ALG C13 WJC Lang/Man CEC Language Language Language C4 PAM Ex Class C11 JLD Lang/Man CEC Language Language Language C4 PAM C7 ALG C13 WJC Lang/Man CEC Language Language Language

* * * *

Friday T001 *
C11 JLD C7 ALG Ex Class C6 JALe (2) Language Language

* * * *

*
9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5

Photos
Lang/Man Intro

Safety lecture Workshop

p p p/Language Language

p p p/Language Language C4 PAM C13 WJC

p/Language p/language p

13-Oct

C10 AHW C8 JALi C3 TJM SEM lecture Demos

C10 AHW C3 TJM

C8 JALi C10 AHW
Ex Class: Mat. Selection ERW

C10 AHW C3 TJM C6 JALe Mg'mt (DJF)
Oral Presentations

17-Nov

C11 JLD C4 PAM C13 WJC p p p/Language Language

C11 JLD C13 WJC

C11 JLD C4 PAM

Demos Demos

Mg'mt (CEC)

p p p/Language Language C4 PAM C13 WJC Ex Class C9 HKDB p p p/Language Language Ex Class C4 PAM

p/Language p/Language p

Language Language

20-Oct

C10 AHW C8 JALi C6 JALe p p p/Language Language C10 AHW C9 HKDB Ind. Speaker p p p/Language Language C9 HKDB C6 JALe

C10 AHW

C8 JALi Ex Class C3 TJM Lang/Man CEC Language Language Language C8 JALi C9 HKDB Ex Class C10 AHW Lang/Man CEC Language Language Language C7 ALG C9 HKDB

C8 JALi C10 AHW C6 JALe Lang/Man DJF Language

24-Nov

C7 ALG C4 PAM C13 WJC p p p/Language Language

C7 ALG C13 WJC

C4 PAM Ex Class C7 ALG Language Language

C6 JALe p/Language p/Language p

p/Language p/language p

27-Oct

C10 AHW C9 HKDB C6 JALe p/Language p/Language p

C9 HKDB Ex Class C8 JALi Language Language

1-Dec
C4 PAM Ind Speaker p/Language p/Language p

p p p/Language Language

Industry Visit (half day)

Mg'mt (CEC)

3-Nov

C9 HKDB Ex Class C6 JALe (1) p/Language p/Language
p

C7 ALG C9 HKDB

p p p/Language Language

Lang/Man CEC Language Language Language

Language Language

Year 3

Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy

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PART II TIMETABLE
Week beginning * 12-Jan * 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Monday T001 * * * * * Tuesday T001 * * Wednesday * * T001 * * * * * * Thursday T001 *
C5 JEE Projects ERW C12 ST Language Language Language Language C5 JEE C16 TJM C1 RVK DP DP DP/Language Language C5 JEE C16 TJM
Departmental

LENT 2004
* * * * Monday T001 *
C15 CR Ex Class C16 TJM MP MP Language Language

* * * *

Friday T001 *
C1 RVK C16 TJM C12 ST Lang/Man GTB Language

*** *** *** *

Week beginning * 16-Feb *

* * * *

Tuesday T001 *

* Wednesday * * T001 * * * * * *
C15 CR Ex Class C12 ST MP/Language MP/Language Language Language C14 JAE

Thursday T001 *
C15 CR Ex Class C5 JEE MP/Language MP/Language Language Language C15 CR

* * * *

Friday T001 *
C15 CR

* * * *

*
9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5

Industry Visit (half day)

Lang/Man GTB MP/Language

19-Jan

C1 RVK C5 JEE C12 ST DP DP DP/Language Language

C1 RVK C16 TJM C12 ST DP/Language DP/Language DP

C5 JEE Ex Class C13 WJC Language Language Language Language C5 JEE C17 RVK Ind Speaker Language Language Language Language C5 JEE C17 RVK

C1 RVK C16 TJM C12 ST Lang/Man GTB Language

23-Feb

C14 JAE

C15 CR

C15 CR

MP MP Language Language

MP MP Language Language C15 CR

Language Language

MP/Language MP/Language Language Language C15 CR Ind Speaker

Lang/Man GTB MP/Language

26-Jan

C5 JEE C16 TJM
Research Tour and Conversazione

C17 RVK C16 TJM

1-Mar

C14 JAE

C14 JAE

C14 JAE

C1 RVK DP DP DP/Language Language C17 RVK C16 TJM C12 ST DP DP DP/Language Language C5 JEE C16 TJM

C12 ST DP/Language DP/language DP

Lang/Man GTB Language

MP MP Language Language

MP MP Language Language

MP/Language MP/Language Language Language

Lang/Man GTB MP/Language

2-Feb

C17 RVK C5 JEE

C5 JEE C16 TJM C12 ST DP/Language DP/Language DP

C17 RVK C16 TJM C12 ST Lang/Man GTB Language

8-Mar

C14 JAE Ex Class C15 CR MP MP Language Language Ex Class C14 JAE MP MP Language Language

DP DP DP/Language Language C15 CR Ex Class C1 RVK DP DP DP/Language Language

Language Language Language Language C15 CR Ex Class C17 RVK Language Language Language Language

MP MP

9-Feb

C5 JEE C16 TJM

C15 CR

DP DP DP/Language Language

DP/Language DP/Language DP

Lang/Man GTB Language Language Language

Year 3

Part II Materials Science & Metallurgy

II.24

PART II TIMETABLE
Week beginning * 19-Apr * 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Monday T001 * * * * * Tuesday T001 * * Wednesday * * T001 * * * * * * Thursday T001 *
C2 ERW C18 SMB

EASTER 2004
Week beginning * 24-May * * * * * Monday T001 * * * * * Tuesday T001 * * Wednesday * * T001 * * * * * * Thursday T001 * * * * * Friday T001 * * * * *

* * * *

Friday T001 *
C2 ERW C18 SMB

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*
9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5

Revision
Clinic

26-Apr

C2 ERW C18 SMB

C2 ERW C18 SMB

C2 ERW C18 SMB

31-May

Examination Paper 1 9.00-12.00

Examination Paper 2 9.00-12.00

Examination Paper 3 9.00-12.00

Examination Paper 4 9.00-12.00

3-May

C2 ERW C18 SMB Ex Class C2 ERW Ex Class C18 SMB

7-Jun
Oral Examinations all day Keep this day completely free. Class List

10-May

14-Jun
Prize Giving

17-May

Revision Clinic

Teaching Committee Director of Undergraduate Teaching Safety Officer Part III Head of Year Timetable Language Programme Management Industrial Visits Industrial Speakers Individual Research Projects Teamwork Research Projects Vacation Work Projects Senior Teaching Laboratory Technician Teaching Office Secretary Assessment: Long Vacation Projects Individual Research Projects Teamwork Research Projects Examiners External Examiners Prof. T W Clyne Prof. It also includes a Teamwork Research Project and an Individual Research Project.uk Comments are welcome and should be sent to: Aims of Course The Part III year rounds off the four-year course in Materials Science & Metallurgy. R.ac. D J Fray Dr E R Wallach Dr E R Wallach Dr E R Wallach Dr E R Wallach Dr E R Wallach/Dr M G Blamire Mr F Clarke Miss C A Monteith Dr E R Wallach/Dr M G Blamire Dr E R Wallach Dr E R Wallach Dr R V Kumar (Senior)/Dr B A Glowacki/ Dr C Rae Prof I P Jones (University of Birmingham) Prof R J Young (University of Manchester) . Staff-in-Charge for Part III Activities Head of Department Deputy Head of Department Chair. Wallach PartIII@msm. D J Fray Prof. It is distinct from the core coverage in earlier years by permitting a choice of modules.Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy Head of Year: Dr E. A L Greer Dr T J Matthams Dr J A Little Dr E R Wallach Dr T J Matthams Prof. A L Greer Prof.cam.

Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. Modules Students should select 10 modules. You are welcome to attend more if you like! Lectures + Ex Classes Lecturer M1: Electrons and Photons in Solids 12 CJH M2: Solidification and Powder Processing 12 TWC M3: Extraction and Recycling 12 RVK M5: High Temperature Materials 12 1 WJC M7: Electronic Ceramics 12 1 NDM M11: Biomaterials 12 REC M12: Thin Films 12 1 ZHB M14: Joining 12 1 ERW Teamwork Project Industrial Speakers: Management/Language Industrial Visit Lent Term Modules In the Lent Term there is again choice of 5 modules from a total of 8.2 OUTLINE OF COURSE Michaelmas Term Introductory Sessions : Lectures Start : Lecture Courses : Core Lectures on Advanced Techniques Lectures + Ex Classes C19: Thermal Analysis 4 1 C20: Electron Microscopy and Analysis 8 1 C21: Optical. from the total of 16. However. ZHB M6: Polymeric Materials 12 1 JAE M8: Glasses & Nanomaterials 12 1 ALG M9: Ionic Materials 12 1 DJF M10: Materials Aspects of Microdevices 12 1 MGB M13: Magnetic and Superconducting Materials 12 1 BAG M15: Corrosion and Protection 12 1 GTB M16: Materials Modelling 12 1 PDB Start 20th October 2003 28th October 2003 at 11 am 1st December 2003 at 11 am Details during Introductory Sessions 3rd December 2003 . there is not a completely free choice (due to the need to set exam papers!). X-ray and Neutron Techniques 6 1 Lecturer ALG PAM MGB Week 1 Thursday 9th October 2003 at 9 a. NDM. In the Michaelmas Term there is choice of 5 modules from a total of 8.m. You are welcome to attend more if you like! Lectures + Ex Classes Lecturer M4: Ferroelectrics 12 Scott.

and they carry 67% of the total credit for the course. carried out in the Michaelmas Term A report on an Individual Research Project. 1st and 2nd June 2004 Submission of all marked continuously assessed course work: by noon on 28th May '04 Oral Examination: 9th June (All candidates must make themselves available for the oral examination with the External examiner) Class List: Prize Giving: 11th June 14th June Supervision Arrangements Supervisions in small groups are a critical part of the learning process in Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy. It is generally assumed that course lecturers will deal with the Examples Class questions during the specifically allocated time (see timetable). and there will also be a general materials essay (approximately 1 hour of one of the papers).3 supervisions for the Core Lectures in the Michaelmas Term and in total 10 . three-hour written papers on 31st May. carried out in the Lent Term Marks from the Language or Management options.3 Departmental Research Tour: Industrial Speakers: Individual Research Project: Management/Language: Industrial Visit: Easter Term Lecture Courses: week 2 Leadership skills 27th January 2004 4th March 2004 at 11 am Throughout the term As last term 17th February 2004 Lectures + Ex Classes 4 1 Lecturers ERW/BAG Weeks 1 to 5: Additional supervisions and Revision Clinics (2) and Revision Weeks Examination: Three. and 10 of the Module courses. Students are encouraged to arrange supervisions themselves with lecturers. 3. 2. Examination and Assessment The Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy written examination consists of three three-hour papers. which are: 1.20 supervisions on modules in the Michaelmas and Lent Term. 4. The examination requires candidates to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the Core courses. Students can expect to receive in total 2 . The remaining 33% comes from the continuously assessed parts of the course. optional for Pt IIB) A report on a Teamwork Research Project. while question sheets provided in lectures will form part of the supervision work. carried out in the long vacation and an oral presentation (compulsory for Pt IIA.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. . A report on a Research Project or an Industrial Project.

30–4.30–4. as follows: Long Vacation Project Teamwork Research Project Individual Research Project written report oral presentation Language / Management TOTAL 3 7 15 5 3 33% Important Dates Tuesday Thursday Friday Friday Monday Wednesday Friday Project Tuesday Wednesday Friday Tuesday Tuesday Tuesday Friday Friday report Tuesday Thursday Friday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Wednesday Friday Monday 7th October 2003 9th October 2003 17th October 2003 17th October 2003 20th October 2003 12th November 2003 14th November 2003 2nd December 2003 3rd December 2003 12th December 2003 13th January 2004 27th January 2004 17th February 2004 12th March 2004 19th March 2004 20th April 2004 13th May 2004 28th May 2004 31st May 2004 1st June 2004 2nd June 2004 9th June 2004 11th June 2004 14th June 2004 10 9 start-of-year briefing start of Michaelmas Full Term first lecture (Austin lecture theatre) deadline for Long Vacation Project report oral presentations. common room) deadline for selection of Individual Res.4 these carry credit as a percentage of the overall total. paper 3 oral examinations with external examiners Class List published end of Easter Full Term prize giving (Dept. Michaelmas Term lectures end on this day Industrial visit end of Michaelmas Full Term deadline Teamwork Research Project report start of Lent Full Term Department research tour industrial visit end of Lent Full Term deadline for Individual Research Project start of Easter Full Term end of lectures deadline for submission of assessed work written examination. Long Vacation project start of Teamwork Research Projects Project fair (Dept.30–4. paper 2 written examination.30 1. common room) 12 noon 1. paper 1 written examination.30 1.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III.30 all day 11 .

Use of backscattered electron images for atomic number (Z) information. X-ray mapping. New forms of calorimetry: ultra-sensitive thin-film calorimeters. Application to studies of oxidation. dynamic DSC. depending on the Techniques Project chosen last year. The various signals that can be detected in a SEM. Wavelength-dispersive spectroscopy. dispersed transformation. as a preparation for the Individual and Teamwork Research Projects. C20: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY & ANALYSIS 8 Lectures + 1 Examples Class PAM The purpose of this course is to introduce the student to the electron microscope and its capabilities. Some problems with calibration. Detectors for backscattered electrons and secondary electrons. Contrast between DTA and DSC in terms of principles of operation. Inevitably the course will have parts which are more or less familiar. Physics of X-ray generation by electron beams. Quantitative analysis and ZAF corrections. Use of X-rays for chemical analysis. Survey of types of study using DTA/DSC. magnetization. scanning probes. Potential areas of application in Pt III research projects. C19: THERMAL ANALYSIS 4 Lectures + 1 Examples Class ALG Survey of properties commonly measured as a function of temperature. Sample preparation. Scanning electron microscopy — Basic design of a SEM. absorption and desorption. Lens aberrations.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. K. For this. Analysis of reaction kinetics: planar front with interface control. Action of the condenser lenses and the objective lens. Use of secondary electrons to show surface topography. Kissinger analysis. The scanning system. The course also provides a common core for all the Part III class. Backscattered electrons and secondary electrons. L and M nomenclature. Application to the glass transition. Measurement of elastic modulus. Detectability limits. Choice of filament. Electron range. an understanding of the action of the lenses and apertures in forming an image or diffraction pattern and an understanding of the variety of signals available to characterise the microstructure of the material under study are both needed. Differential thermal analysis (DTA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). cathodoluminescence and voltage contrast. The course will explain the various techniques involved in electron microscopy. . Common artefacts. is intended to refresh. damping. Spatial resolution and image contrast. Brief mention of other ways in which information can be obtained: crystallographic channelling contrast. Choice of objective aperture. Electron transitions in atoms. planar front with diffusion control. highlighting their use through examples of their application to specific materials problems. How thermal analysis fits into the wider picture — need for complementary structural studies. Energy-dispersive spectroscopy. at the beginning of the Part III year.5 Core Lectures on Advanced Techniques This 18-lecture course. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Use of DTA/DSC. viscosity. Survey of various types of mechanical thermal analysis. electron backscattered diffraction patterns. who otherwise will be attending variously chosen modules. consolidate and expand on concepts learned in the Part II Techniques Projects.

grain size analysis and mosaic. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Generalised reflectometry and analysis Polymers and weakly crystalline materials — Amorphous materials. Bright-field and dark-field image formation.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. Interference effects and superlattices — Theory of low angle diffraction from superlattices and films. Bend contours. The kinematic (single scattering) approximation and its use to interpret image contrast in perfect crystals qualitatively. Residual stresses. Elementary Fourier approach. neutron and electron diffraction. Qualitative description of the characteristics of electron diffraction patterns from polycrystalline materials and amorphous materials. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Comparison of EDX and EELS for chemical detection and chemical analysis. SAXS. Selected area electron diffraction patterns and convergent beam electron diffraction patterns. Some applications including: ‘particle’ size determination. phase identification and quantitative phase analysis. Synchrotron Sources Laue photographs and powder samples — The Powder diffractometer . polymers. Atomic scattering factor. Scattering from a unit cell. X-ray. Comparison with SEMs. Information available from X-ray diffraction images and scans. Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Real materials: contrast from stacking faults. Reciprocal space. Ray diagrams showing the formation of images and diffraction patterns in a TEM. effects of orientation. Examples Neutron methods — The differences between neutrons and X-rays: aspects of the interaction between neutrons and solids: elastic scattering. Conventional laboratory X-ray sources. Elastic scattering from a perfect crystal. magnetic ordering. Coherence lengths. Microanalysis in the TEM / STEM.6 Transmission electron microscopy — Design of a typical TEM. Image formation. C21: X-RAY & NEUTRON TECHNIQUES 6 Lectures + 1 Examples Class MGB Optical. inelastic scattering. classification of polymer crystallinity. Brief overview of the physics involved in the beam-specimen interaction. magnetic effects. the reciprocal lattice and the Ewald sphere revisited. Thickness fringes. contrast from dislocations. . Thin film analysis — similarities with powder scan.diagrams and function. Sample preparation. Assumptions made in ‘powder diffraction’. Exploration of reciprocal space. Some applications including: internal stress determination. Role in assessing orientation and texture. Typical specimen thicknesses required for TEM work. extension to use of synchrotron sources. moiré fringes. WAXS.

Constitutional undercooling. Metal-semiconductor contacts. Absolute stability at high growth velocity. Number of holes in the valence band. Diffusive coupling. Contacts — Metal-metal contacts. Effect of surface tension (‘capillarity’). Derivation of the number of electrons in the conduction band as a function of temperature. Semiconductorsemiconductor junctions. Hot cracking. Measuring the energy gap in intrinsic materials. Relation to casting defects. The Hall effect. Control of cast structure — Heat flow. Variation of the carrier concentration with temperature for extrinsic semiconductors. Coarsening effects. Band bending. Cell and primary dendrite arm spacings. Photon absorption and emission. ionised impurity atoms and defects. Light emission from inter-subband transitions. Variation of mobility with temperature and doping. Patch fields. Position of the Fermi level in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors. . Interface stability & dendrite formation — Solute redistribution at an advancing interface. Dendritic and eutectic growth — Dendrite structure. Velocity-spacing relation. Collision time. The effect of back-diffusion. Scattering by phonons. Simple rate expressions. M2: SOLIDIFICATION & POWDER PROCESSING 12 Lectures TWC Solidification kinetics — Free-energy changes.and collision ratelimited growth. Tamm states. Ohmic and rectifying contacts. Porosity formation & pressure balances. The perturbation analysis of Mullins & Sekerka. Real band structures. Anomalous eutectics. Cell and dendrite development. Interfacial heat transfer. Entropy of fusion and faceting. Non-equilibrium carrier concentrations — Measurement of carrier lifetimes. Doping and Extrinsic Semiconductors — Theory of the ionisation energy of dopant atoms. Quantum well light emitting diodes (LEDs). Growth velocities for continuous growth. Generation and recombination of carriers. Drift velocity.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. Quantum Well structures — Electron/hole states in a quantum well. Use of the lever rule and the Scheil equation. Steady state current flow — Thermal velocity. Easy growth directions. Solute redistribution during dendrite thickening. Newtonian and nonNewtonian cooling conditions. Surface and interface dipole layers. Numerical simulation of mushy zone freezing. Making ohmic contacts. Electron-hole recombination. Shallow and deep level donors and acceptors. Continuous and lateral growth. Marginal stability and fastest-growing wavelengths. Eutectic growth.7 MODULES M1: ELECTRONS & PHOTONS IN SOLIDS 12 Lectures CJH Direct and indirect band gap materials. Development of grain structure. Jump rate. Variation of conductivity with temperature and doping.

Heat-flow aspects. The distinction between coarsening effects and densification. alternate standard states. Basics of powder processing — Need for powder processing. optical properties (JFS) Thin film requirements. Consolidation Mechanisms — Mechanisms of pressureless sintering. Rapid solidification processing — Microstructural effects. The Burton.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. Scott (Earth Sciences). desulphurisation and dephosphorisation reactions. Use of liquid-based slurries. electrical leakage current mechanisms. Comparison between the behaviour of metals and ceramics. dissolution of oxygen. difficulties in ensuring it is uniform. Melt subdivision and high nucleation undercoolings. electric arc furnace steelmaking. M4: FERROELECTRICS 12 Lectures Prof.recycling of automobiles. Surface melting. uniformity and scale up. Splat quenching and melt spinning. direct reduction processes. Routes to steelmaking – blast furnace/basic oxygen steelmaking. crystallographic orientation. molecular and ionic theories of slags. Metal-slag equilibrium. interaction parameters. including strain. ZHB Free energy models. Strip-casting processes. switching kinetics and finite-size theory (NDM) Definitions and basic properties. Solute banding. Growth of single crystals. hydrogen and carbon in liquid iron. Hypercooling and recalescence. Laser. nano-scale devices. Methods of powder production. dilute solutions. M3: EXTRACTION & RECYCLING 12 Lectures RVK Thermodynamics of liquid iron alloys. metallic cans and waste oxides. design and operation of memories. CVD).and electron-beam treatments. fatigue phenomena.F. microalloying and inclusion engineering. Densification difficulties for ceramics. Merits and demerits in comparison to solidification. Czochralski growth. stainless steel production. nitrogen. Recycling strategy in iron and steelmaking — case studies . Float zoning. Mechanisms of formation of microsegregation-free material. secondary steelmaking for high quality clean steels. and breakdown. Marangoni flows. NDM. Limits on zone dimensions. frequency dependence of electrical behaviour. Encapsulation.8 Continuous processes — Continuous casting of steel. Advantages and problems of liquid-phase sintering. Use of maps for sintering and HIPing. desiliconisation. Prim & Slichter equation. pulsed laser deposition. Importance of compaction. refining capacity of slags. composition control. Solute redistribution during zone melting. J. deposition techniques . The nature of particle packing and its consequences for processing. Effects of rotation and melt convection. electrodes (ZHB) . sputtering. Semi-continuous casting of Al.chemical techniques (sol gel.

Use at the very highest temperatures Electrical applications: the refractory metals. Importance of diffusion. Interaction between glide and recovery. Glide and recovery. deformation of hard nitride coatings. Use as structural materials. good solvents. Rate of recovery: Friedel equation. Forest dislocations as obstacles and dislocation networks. Flory-Fisher theory. Rate of steady-state deformation. Importance of microstructural stability and Ostwald ripening. self-avoiding random walks. What determines the rate of deformation when two processes occur together? Independent processes. Sequential processes. Steady-state dislocation density. Creep: the movement of glaciers Creep of ice. Kuhn. How can deformation occur without work-hardening? Expected rate of work-hardening. Gaussian. Failure by the growth of pores Pore gowth. suitable materials. Difficulties associated with using the lattice resistance at high temperatures. Regular solution theory for polymers. Single crystal superalloys and the importance of doping. Theta conditions. Materials for cutting tools Importance of high temperature strength. Importance of grain boundary sliding. radius of gyration and characteristic ratio. van der Waals. Relative abundance. The Monkman-Grant relationship.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. End-to-end vector. Computer Modelling. Excluded volume. Freely rotating. Models and their predictions: Freely jointed. . Why add particles if diffusion is rate controlling? Dislocation glide in particle hardened systems. Kratky plot. Hard coatings. Traditional materials and requirements. M6: POLYMERIC MATERIALS 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class JAE Isolated polymer chains Configuration and conformation. why should it work if the pores grow by diffusion. Materials for high friction applications Carbon and boron carbide for use in brakes. How is the diffusivity related to crystal structure and properties. Processing. Effect of increasing temperature on glide. Comparion with creep in other pure materials. What materials can we use? Suitability of different groups for use at high temperatures. Deformation and work-hardening. Structure factor. What happens as the temperature is increased. Importance of recovery.9 M5: HIGH-TEMPERATURE MATERIALS 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class WJC Revision: Why are pure materials strong? The lattice resistance and dislocation glide at low temperatures. Polymer solutions and melts Probing chain conformations by scattering methods. Alloying to improve oxidation resistance Chemical inertness at high temperatures Spinning of optic fibres: Pt group metals. collapsed chains. Rotational Isomeric State.

smart polymers Polymers at high temperatures Physical performance limits: effect of chemical structure on Tg and Tm. Einstein. Case studies illustrating processing and properties of electronic ceramics: electrical porcelains. Complex dielectric constant. colloids. Electrical and optical properties of polymers I Intrinsic conductors. Polyglutamine amyloids and their role in Huntington’s disease. phase diagrams. M7: ELECTRONIC CERAMICS 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class NDM Review of major electronic and magnetic ceramic components. Henry’s law. Polymer joining.10 Polymer blends Flory-Huggins model for solutions and blends. Mechanical and electrical properties of CNTs and polymers Intrinsic stiffness and strength of carbon nanotubes. Uses of carbon nanotubes and nanotube-containing polymer composites. kinetics of phase separation of polymer blends. Polymer dynamics Models of chain dynamics: Rouse. Polyacetylene: synthesis.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. Block copolymers and self-assembling structures Block copolymers and their morphologies. interdiffusion of chemically dissimilar polymers. Polymer interfaces. Reptation. Diffusion: Fick’s law. Modelling of solubility and diffusion. block copolymers as surfactants. Doping and polarons: conductivity Light emitting polymers. dual mode. reverse systems. Electrical and optical properties of polymers II Microlithographic polymers. Diffusion and permeation in polymers Sorption: solubility. susceptibility. Conductivity of nanotube-filled composites. stabilisation via additives. free and excess volume. Solubility parameter. Electrical properties as a function of chirality and tube diameter. Chemical performance limits: chemical degradation. Phase diagrams: order-disorder transitions. ClausiusMossotti relationship. cloud-point curve. Pluronics for drug delivery. Upper and lower critical solution temperatures. factors controlling chemical stability. Proteins and biopolymers Nanoscale self-assembling structures of biomolecules. issues of resolution and the problem of swelling. isocyanates). Relaxation and . polymer track recorders. properties near phase transitions. filled polymers. semi-conductors. phases and soliton pairs. Zimm. Metallisation. dielectric loss factor. Dielectric properties of ceramics — Capacitance. composite layer films. pyroelectric sensors. Networks and gels. Determination of chi parameter. electrical properties and solitons. Properties of polyphase materials: Lichtenecker’s rule. conducting polymers. NLO materials. Molecular structure and high temperature resistance. zinc oxide varistors. evacuated foams. poly(imides. Molecular modelling. Carbon nanotubes as an extension to carbon fibres and conjugated polymers. X7R ferroelectrics. Carbon nanotubes: the ultimate polymer Structure and geometry of carbon nanotubes. Poly(paraphenylene): polymerisation. creep. Prion proteins as conformational catalysts. polarisation. strong/weak segregation limits.

PTC thermistors. Potential barriers at grain boundaries. Analysis of glass structure when more than one type of atom present: partial pair distribution functions (ppdfs). Glass ceramics: advantages. Activation energy spectrum model (AES). including microstructural control. Avoidance of crystal nucleation: importance of the reduced work of nucleation αβ1/3 and the reduced glass transition temperature Trg. Crystallization: polymorphic. The perovskite structure. equivalent circuit descriptions.11 resonance polarisation mechanisms. optical indicatrix. TTT diagram and the critical cooling rate for glass formation. NTC thermistors. Fundamentals of the glass transition: distinction between supercooled liquid and glassy states. Viscosity of glass-forming liquids: Angell’s classification of ‘strong’ and ‘fragile’ liquids. internal equilibrium. Landau theory of first order and second order ferroelectric transitions. eutectic. Kinetic analysis of glass formation. Electrostriction. Crystallisation at surface or internal. thin film optical switches. Kauzmann paradox. ferroelectricity and pyroelectricity — Definition of piezoelectricity and the piezoelectric coefficients for the direct and converse effects. Electric field dependence on the refractive index: the linear Pockels effect and the quadratic Kerr effect. Technological applications: flash goggles. Tammann’s universal phase diagram: possibility on inverse melting. frequency and temperature dependence of dielectric constant. The Debye equation. Description and determination of glass structure. Walk-off. Dielectric strength and mechanisms of breakdown. Ferroelectricity. Band theory of p-type and n-type valence controlled semiconductors. dense random packing and local coordination model (metallic glasses). Piezoelectric crystal classes. Relationship with other amorphous solids. (iii) bioglass. (v) bulk metallic glasses (golf clubs). hysteresis associated with the ferroelectric transition. Piezoelectricity. The PLZT family of electro-optic materials. Electronic conduction. primary. Glass formation by the avoidance of crystal growth. Primary and secondary pyroelectricity. The radial distribution function (rdf). Second harmonic generation and frequency mixing. Fast ionic conductors. (ii) optical telecommunication fibres. Relaxor ferroelectrics. Focus in this course on inorganic and metallic glasses. Electrical conductivity in ceramics — Ionic conduction. Thin-film ferroelectric memory devices. Phase separation. Electro-optic ceramics — Birefringence. The glassy state: fictive temperature and structural relaxation. choice of materials. Oxygen sensors. ALG . uses.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. Selected applications: (i) glasses in life and biopreservation. (iv) low-loss soft magnetic glasses. Structural models of glasses: continuous random network (silicate and borate glasses). Pyroelectric materials: figures of merit. piezoelectric ceramics and poling. M8: GLASSES & NANOMATERIALS 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class Glasses Review of coverage in earlier courses. Glass stability: structural relaxation and the memory effect. Variation of conductivity with oxygen partial pressure in perovskite ceramics. High permittivity ceramics. I–V characteristics of zinc oxide varistors. nucleation – homogeneous or heterogeneous. (vi) phase-change optical recording.

micromechanics. spinodal decomposition. hardening. Sensors upon other electrolytes.sulphur battery. melting point. Amperometric sensors. Compounds with intrinsic defects.C. Polymeric electrolytes. Molten carbonate fuel cell. Scaling effects on stability of nanomaterials: diffusion. Classification of nanomaterials: 3-D. examples in: dislocation generation. Methods.12 Nanomaterials Introduction to nanotechnology: electronics. Heart pacers. their applications and diffraction from them. grain edges and grain corners. giant magnetoresistance. Use of Solid Electrolytes in Fuel Cells — Selection of electrolyte. Types of solid electrolytes. Influence on temperature dependence of diffusion. Particle-size effects: 'feel'. Methanol fuel cell. Scaling effects in 3-D nanomaterials: fractions of materials in grain boundaries. Schottky defects. Special example: multilayers. Electrode materials which are both ionic and electronic conductors.Structure and Properties — Stabilized zirconia. Prospects for exploiting nanomaterials. multiphase materials. Applications to pollution control. superplasticity. 2-D – wires and filaments. Ostwald ripening. Applications to the control of Metallurgical processes. A. sintering. grain growth. Applications to the control of internal combustion engine. M9: IONIC MATERIALS 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class DJF Ionic Conductivity and Solid Electrolytes — Ionic materials. Special example of the use of devitrification: Al-based nanocrystalline alloys.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. phase identity. interaction between magnetic moments. Frenkel defects. Exploitation of solid-state transformations. Compounds with order-disorder transitions. lattice parameter. Use of Solid Electrolytes in Electrochemical Reactors — Electrocatalytic reactors. magnetism. Silver conducting electrolytes. Proton conducting electrolytes. Interpretation of complex impedance measurements. Solid Electrolytes . Use of Solid Electrolytes in Measuring Trace Elements in Metals — Sensors based upon stabilised zirconia. . Use of Solid Electrolytes in Batteries — Sodium . Sodium beta alumina. General principles of nanomaterial fabrication. How to make nanomaterials: 3-D – single-phase polycrystals. 2-D and 1-D. Grain-size effects: transparency. Materials with both ionic and electronic conductivity. Why conventional solidification does not work. Use of Solid Electrolytes in Gas Sensing — Potentiometric sensors. Ion exchange properties of beta alumina. Sensors for sulphur dioxide and nitrous oxides. 1-D – two-phase multilayers. Importance of length scale for properties. Conductivity Measurements — D. In-situ preparation of sodium for modification of aluminium-silicon alloys and removal of impurities. Methods. properties. processing. Lithium based batteries.C. Nanocrystalline ceramics: problems of agglomeration. Size-effects in more complex microstructures: domain-wall pinning.

the paramagnetic limit. Significance of electron spin. Field Effect Transistors pn junction basics. charging effects. .Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. Conformation and self assembly. Smart windows. DNA scaffolding M11: BIOMATERIALS 12 Lectures REC Soft Biological Structures Proteins — Molecular structures. plasma etching. electron beam. Types of SPM: scanning tunneling microscopy. Lithography Lithography types: optical. single-electron logic. Single-Electron Devices. Cmos Processing Basic CMOS processing technology. Doping & Etching Wafer growth.13 Other Applications of Solid Electrolytes — Electrochromic devices. Etching: wet chemical etching. resilin. heterostructure analysis. and feather. the MOS diode. atomic force microscopy and variants. spintronics. processing limits. Materials aspects of MEM. vicinal growth. resists. the quantum limit. MOSFET basics. abductin and elastin. spin polarisation. doping and diffusion. Micromachining and Mems Bulk micromachining & surface micromachining. pattern transfer. In-situ preparation of sodium. functional analysis. collagen. CMOS. Electrodes which change colour. basic semiconductor device structures and architectures. Scanning Probe Techniques Principle of topographical feedback. logic gates. sensor materials Limitations of Si Technology Faster transistors. ion implantation. Spintronics Tunnel junctions. Scanning near-field optical microscopy. MOSFET operation. Electrolytes which change colour. ion milling. hoof. coulomb energy. M10: MATERIALS ASPECTS OF MICRODEVICES 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class MGB Introduction Microelectronic materials. Self-Organisation and Directed Self-Assembly "Bottom-up" and "top-down" approaches to device fabrication. horn. Examples: spiders’ silk. Keratin in hair. ion beam. surface analysis. Molecular attachment. spin-coupling. denser memories. Planarisation and damascene Analysis and Development Bulk analysis.

Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. sea anemone skeleton. RBS. ion assisted deposition. AES. Pulsed laser deposition. nucleation rate. coalescence). Epitaxial growth (lattice mismatch. Next generation implants and tissue engineering. Electrical and magnetic characterization. LEED). Issues in design. step flow growth). rhinoceros skin. strained layer growth. The move towards active implants. structural stress. magnetron sputtering. The eye: corneal grafts. cartilage. The effects of cross-linking and layering. pins and scaffolds. film thickness. stress transition in sputter deposition). adhesion. Sutures. . Raman spectroscopy. metalorganic-CVD. reflected neutrals and film bombardment). Film texture. effects of film bombardment. e-beam evaporation. electronics (tracks. The formation of physical gels.14 Polysaccharides — Monomers and nomenclature. contact lenses. Controlled drug-delivery systems — Need for controlled release. Chemical Vapour Deposition — Photo-CVD. Diffusion controlled. interconnects. Adding minerals. Natural and synthetic materials. data storage (magnetic and optical recording). Examples: chitin and cellulose fibres. agarose and hyaluronic acid. shadowing. water penetration controlled and chemically controlled systems. Plasma Enhanced-CVD. Soft tissue in insects. real time analysis during film growth (RHEED. Flexible composites of proteins and polysaccharides — Soft tissue in animals. Biomimetics. Artificial skin and wound repair. Stiff composites of proteins and polysaccharides — Insect cuticle (fibrous composite of chitin and protein). The formation of fibres. ligament. M12: THIN FILMS 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class ZHB Physical Vapour Deposition — Evaporation (resistance evaporation. Film Properties and Characterization — Film stress (thermal stress. alloy and compound deposition). The interface with the skeleton: spinal implants. SIMS). Examples: tendon. skin. XPS. molecular beam epitaxy. interfaces). Metastable structures. rf sputtering. Sputter deposition (dc glow discharge sputtering. Applications — Research applications. Growth morphology (mobility. Mechanical characterization (mechanical testing. industrial applications and scale-up. Examples: carageenans. reactive sputtering. reactive evaporation. Medical Materials and Soft Structures Biomedical materials for soft tissue replacement — Issues in fabricating a material which mimics the properties of the original. structure zone models. diffusion barriers). vascular grafts. microstructure. Growth Processes — Nucleation (growth modes. interfacial dislocations and other defects. arteries. Biodegradable implants — Mechanisms of degradation. granular epitaxy. chemical characterization (EDX. protective / hard coatings. Soft tissue replacement. capillarity theory. fractal phenomena). Blood contacting implants: heart valves.

Domain magnetics and applications of magnetic materials — Hysteresis loop. Domain wall pinning. Critical current and optimisation of microstructure — Niobium-tin and niobiumaluminium intermetallic compounds. Angular dependence of the critical current density Jc versus magnetic field B. magnetic order. Magnetic energy — Magnetization of ferromagnetic materials. electronic-structural anisotropy. magnetic oxides. Properties of magnetic flux lines — Magnetic domains . magnetic circuits. static and dynamic properties. Hysteretic ac losses. hysteresis and percolation — Magnetic hysteresis of Type II superconductor. rareearth magnets. discs. types of domain wall. Superconducting basics — Zero resistance . Diamagnetism. nanocrystalline soft magnetic materials. Critical current anisotropy of the superconductor and conductor. Flux pinning and critical current anisotropy — Flux pinning and the critical current density. Superconducting coherence length and magnetic penetration depth. structural order . composition and temperature. surface anisotropy.magnetic flux lines. Thin-film applications. anisotropic Electromagnets and Electric currents — Magnetostatic energy. Characteristic magnetic fields. Demagnetising effect. Thermomechanical treatment for controlled anisotropy . magnetic-superconducting .Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. Free energy density: Type I and Type II superconductors. Micromagnetic structure — Micromagnetic structure. Conductor design and specification. magnetic units. Coated conductors. defects. Irreversible processes. Coercivity mechanism. Bulk applications. magneto-optic media magnetic recording. Magnetic field of the critical current. Complete quantisation – SQUID. Curie temperature and magnetic moment. Oxide superconductors. surface irregularities. induced anisotropy. scaling law. Hollow superconductors. the n-value. anisotropy field. Current percolation. sources of anisotropy. Magnetostriction and stress effects. magnetic lines of force. Tapes. oxygen content . non-uniform magnetic fields. metallic glasses. Flux lattice. Flux-line lattice (FLL) defects. alloys and ceramic compounds. giant magnetoresistance. Current-voltage characteristics. flux annihilation. Perfect diamagnetism Meissner effect. Hall effect. flux annihilation. domain wall pinning versus nucleation. Transport physical properties of the soft magnetic materials. (BH)max calculation. ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism. Magnetoresistance — magnetoresistance. Diffusion processes. paramagnetism. Electric currents in magnetic materials. Characteristic domain structures. Coexistence of diamagnetic and paramagnetic currents. coercive force versus grain size. superconducting elements. shape anisotropy. Applications of magnetic materials.15 M13: MAGNETIC & SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class BAG Introduction to magnetic order Characteristics of magnetic and superconducting materials. Magnetic anisotropy.critical current.critical temperature. Transport properties of multilayers.processing. Pancake vortices. Magnetocrystalline anisotropy. Magnetisation. Quantisation of the magnetic flux. Colossal magnetoresistance. Galvanomagnetic effect. magnetic materials. Cooper pairs. eddy currents.

Kinetics of passive film growth. hydrogen-induced.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. Applications — Superconducting magnets. magnetic particles. Leaching by water. selection criteria. Irreversible and reversible current-field characteristics. Sulphate attack. Aspects of kinetics measured from polarisation curves. M15: CORROSION AND PROTECTION 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class GTB Introduction Limitations of thermodynamic predictions for non-equilibrium processes. SQUID applications. Cracking: solidification. levitating trains. Application of corrosion processes for useful purposes. Failure of passivity. Bacterial attack. Degradation characteristics of metallic and nonmetallic materials. Segregation: stabilised stainless steels. Relationships between microstructure and properties: formation of acicular ferrite in steel weld deposits and effect on toughness. eddy current methods.16 heterostructures. stress corrosion in Al-Zn-Mg alloys. typical applications. limitations. Assessment and non-destructive testing – NDT — Welding specification and crack tests. Nature and properties of intervening oxide films and scales. Incorporation of inhibitors. Microstructural aspects — Ingot versus weldpool solidification: development of microstructure including control of chemistry by fluxes. Mechanisms of oxide formation through solid state and dissolution/precipitation processes. liquation. soldering and brazing: distinctions. surface activation and wetting. Passivation of reinforcing steel. Pore water. Solid-state welding processes: available techniques. Nuclear magnetic resonance. Degradation of concrete Properties of concrete. Revision of basic mechanisms of oxidation and corrosion. techniques and materials. Heat-affected zones: transformations and effects on properties. Ground and marine waters. cables. Corrosion processes and metallurgical structure . bonding mechanisms. Effect of pH. Welding problems and defects — Residual stresses: origins and consequences. analysis of loading. NDT: surface methods: dye penetrants. Improvements in properties of concrete. selection criteria. Dynamic imaging of flux penetration in multifilamentary wires. failure modes. Frost damage. An introduction to electrochemical surface processing. Porosity and inclusions. High-voltage anodising. Passivity and corrosion Origins of passivity. Scaling. Porosity and permeability. Air entrainment. typical applications.] Fusion welding processes: summary of major techniques. ultrasonics. lamellar tearing. Adhesive bonding. [Case study: development and application of soldering in the electronics industry. M14: JOINING 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class ERW Outline of processes — Mechanical fasteners: selection criteria. radiography. electrotechnological devices.

steels and stainless steels. Conjugate gradients and variable metric methods. boundary conditions. variational methods. Pipelines. Microstructural and compositional effects on corrosion. Molecular statics. Nucleation. Developing a physical model. Resistance of aluminium alloys. Bimetallic corrosion in engineering systems. Crevice corrosion. Oxygen depletion and acidification. History and objectives of materials modelling. Designing resistant materials. Stress-corrosion cracking (scc). Atomistic modelling I Definition of the micro-ensemble. Degradation of paint coatings. Grain boundaries. propellers and protection. Mechanism of pitting corrosion. Anticorrosion design Design features and design faults in engineering structures and components. Selection of materials. Nonperturbational methods. Scope of predictability. simulation objectives. Stress. Software packages and hardware platforms. Surface coatings for protection: metallising and ceramic coatings. Lifetime prediction Corrosion current density to predict lifetimes. Mechanism of the protective action of paints. Schemes for integrating the equations of motion. Resistant materials and protection methods. computational cells. Calculated materials properties. Corrosion fatigue. Corrosion probes. Paints and painting Purpose of paint coatings.17 Susceptible and resistant materials. Primers and top-coats. Examples of molecular statics simulations. Design of anodes. Components of paints and their roles. Erosion-corrosion. potential energy minimisation. Linear polarisation methods. Passivation of alloys. Case studies: faults and remedial action. Frequency response analysis. passivity and corrosion Rupture of passivity under stress. Determination of oxygen profiles. M16: MATERIALS MODELLING 12 Lectures + 1 Examples Class PDB General Information The connection between modelling. Application methods and properties. Rate of scc. Molecular dynamics. Inhibition and inhibitors. Pitting corrosion. Aggressive anions. Detection of corrosion and corrosion monitoring Design tolerance. impingement attack and cavitation damage. Application methods. Length scales and the hierarchy of models in materials research. Limitations with localised corrosion. Failure and catastrophic failure. Electrochemical noise and the noise resistance. Metallurgical heterogeneity and its effects on corrosion. Corrosion control and surface coatings Review of cathodic and anodic protection. Effects of precipitates and inclusions.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. General flow diagram. Mechanisms of scc. metastable growth and stable growth of pits. Dealloying. Isothermal and isobaric molecular dynamics. theory and experiment. Atomistic modelling II Finite temperature simulations. Corrosion protection by paints. Controlling the degree of protection. . Breakdown of passivity and localised corrosion Breakdown of passivity: causes and effects.

General approach. the linear laws. Electronic level modelling II Beyond the independent electron approximation. modelling of diffusion in multicomponant systems. Microstructural modelling I The cell-structured approach. THE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD. DISCRETISATION. Flow diagrams. APPLICATION TO TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTIONS AND COMPLEX PROCESSING. Cell contents. Monte Carlo optimisation. free energy. fatigue crack growth. The pseudopotential approximation and other early methods of calculating band structure. Comparison with experiment and with capillary driven models for grain growth. entropy. Basis for density functional theory.the embedded atom method and bond-order potentials. Exchange and correlation. EXAMPLE APPLICATION TO DIFFUSION PROBLEMS. Ideal. inter-cellular interactions and dynamics. the effect of surfaces and second phase particles. activity. The linear combination of atomic orbitals method and the tight binding approximation. (HKDB) Finite difference and Finite Element Methods NUMERICAL VS ANALYTICAL METHODS. Screening and the Hartree-Fock equations. Electronic level modelling I Review of band structure and the independent electron approximation. Introduction to general methodology: empirical regression and the non-linear Bayesian framework. The Fourier components of the crystal potential and the magnitude of the band gap. Descriptions for ionic. Thermodynamic modelling Revision of enthalpy. Examples of dislocation dynamics in metals and disclination evolution in liquid crystal polymers Neural network modelling Data training to model complex phenomena for which no physical model exists. Simulation of self-organisation and patterning. The N-body expansion of the classical Hamiltonian. Effective many-body potentials . The Car-Parrinello method for electronic and ionic relaxation. Componants of experimental databases. MD versus MC and examples of finite temperature simulations.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. FINITE DIFFERENCE APPROXIMATIONS. multiple irreversible processes. Microstructural modelling II Cellular automata models. Examples of ab initio materials modelling. the Monte Carlo method and statistical sampling of atomic configurations. Calculation of equilibrium between phases. limitations. chemical potential. Semi-empirical schemes for pair and angular dependent potentials. commercial software. (HKDB) . Applications in physical metallurgy: weld toughness. Simulating abnormal grain growth. (HKDB) Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes and Modelling of Diffusion Reversibility. regular and quasichemical solutions. The Ising model for grain growth simulations. The Kohn-Sham equations. Atomistic modelling III Interatomic potentials used in atomistic simulations. the Onsager reciprocal relations. accuracy. General to multicomponent and multiphase systems. Efficient methods for solving the Kohn-Sham equations. Models for the free energy of a pure substance of a solution. overfitting and predictions. covalent and metallic bonding.18 Deterministic versus stochastic methods. Network training. the nearly free electron approximation. Representation of free energy functions.

Individual Research Projects These run throughout the Lent Term. and their contribution to the final presentation. joint presentation and the summary of the final report. Marks will be allocated to each student on the basis both of their own effort and that of the team as a whole. and. in the Michaelmas Term with the course “Human Resource Management”. interim progress reports. Assessment is by written reports and a viva voce examination. While the research is supervised. rather than being the ramblings of individuals. The course on modelling risk . Both components are detailed analyses of their fields. including the initial plan. The course in HRM can be seen as applicable to management in a diverse range of areas. The efforts of individual students will be judged on the basis of the appropriate appendix in the final report. both are vital to successful management of the business or corporation. These projects provide an opportunity for individual students to explore a topic in depth. Marks for the efforts of the team will be based on the reports submitted by the group. Objectives The objective of this course is to examine in detail these two very different components of corporate management. Marks will be allocated for evidence that the team has made an effort as a whole to reach its objectives.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. there is considerable scope for initiative in developing the direction of the work.19 Teamwork Research Projects These run for 7 weeks in the Michaelmas Term. Students work in teams of three or four. Students pursue these projects based in one of the research groups in the Department. and has a bias towards internationalism. Assessment is by written reports and oral presentations. MANAGEMENT OPTION Summary The Management Studies course is designed to be a broad introduction to business management for materials scientists. as well as providing experience of working efficiently in teams. There is a choice of projects. These projects make use of the skills acquired in Part IIB. in the Lent Term with “Modelling Risk”. designed to illustrate industrial or other practical problems. for instance in ensuring that the joint presentation at the end of the project forms a coherent whole. A choice is made from a wide range of materials research topics to choose from. assembled with a range of skills gained from the projects of the previous year. including both the technical content and the relevance of their work to that of the team. Language Option See the Part II section of this handbook.

forecasting and regression. mathematical and modelling tools to enable understanding in a wider range of operations research. Trumpington Street. Engineering Dept. Mr C G Gill [Engineering Tripos Paper 3 E5] Human resource management. 14. .00-15. 5 at the Engineering Department.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III. case studies.00. new technology and work. starting Thursday 9th October 2003 Lecture Theatre no. Prerequisites There are no prerequisites for this course. Lecturer: Dr H. Modelling Risk (16 hours) Lent Term 1 two-hour lecture per week throughout term Mondays 16.00-18. 1. Jiang [Engineering Tripos Paper 3 E3] Review of probability and statistical reasoning: computational analysis of stochastic processes.. Assessment Is by coursework only. mathematical analysis of stochastic processes. comparative systems (EU Germany.00. globalisation and employment. Human Resource Management (16 hours) Michaelmas Term 2 one-hour sessions per week throughout term (lectures. Trumpington Street.20 will provide the theory. Japan and the USA). both group & class exercises) Tuesdays and Thursdays. starting Monday 19th January 2004 Lecture Theatre no. the course has no formal examination.

MICHAELMAS 2003 Week beginning * 6-Oct * 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Monday Austin * * * * * Tuesday Austin * Introduction Lang/Man T001 * Wednesday * * Austin * * * * * * C19 ALG C19 ALG Thursday Austin * C19 ALG M2 TWC C21 MGB Management * * * * Friday Austin * C21 MGB M2 TWC C19 ALG *** *** *** * Week beginning * 10-Nov * * * * * Monday Austin * M14 ERW M1 CJH M11 REC p p Language Language * * * * Tuesday Austin * M12 ZHB M1 CJH M9 DJF Management p Ex Class C20 PAM M14 ERW M12 ZHB M9 DJF Management p Language Language M14 ERW M12 ZHB M9 DJF Management p Language Language M14 ERW M12 ZHB M9 DJF Management p Language Language * Wednesday * * Austin * * * * * * M14 ERW M1 CJH M11 REC Project Fair p p Thursday Austin * M14 ERW M12 ZHB M9 DJF Lang/Man Language Language Language M11 REC M12 ZHB M9 DJF Lang/Man Language Language Language M11 REC M12 ZHB M9 DJF Lang/Man Language Language Language * * * * Friday Austin * M14 ERW M1 CJH M11 REC Language Language * * * * * 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 13-Oct M2 TWC M7 NDM p p Language Language M5 WJC M2 TWC M7 NDM p p Language Language M5 WJC M2 TWC M7 NDM p p Language Language M1 CJH M2 TWC M7 NDM p p Language Language M7 NDM M5 WJC C21 MGB Management Language Language M7 NDM M5 WJC Ex Class C19 ALG M2 TWC C21 MGB p p p p M1 CJH M2 TWC M7 NDM M5 WJC C21 MGB Lang/Man Language Language Language C20 PAM M5 WJC C21 MGB Lang/Man Language Language Language M7 NDM M5 WJC C20 PAM Lang/Man Language Language Language M7 NDM M5 WJC C20 PAM Lang/Man Language Language Language M7 NDM M2 TWC 17-Nov M14 ERW M1 CJH M11 REC p p Language Language M1 CJH M11 REC Language Language p p M9 DJF M12 ZHB M11 REC Language Language p p M11 REC M9 DJF M14 ERW M1 CJH M11 REC Language Language Oral Presentations 20-Oct M1 CJH M2 TWC C20 PAM Language Language 24-Nov M14 ERW M12 ZHB M11 REC p p Language Language M14 ERW M9 DJF M11 REC Language Language Management p Language Language M7 NDM M5 WJC Ind Speaker C20 PAM Management p Language Language M7 NDM M5 WJC C20 PAM Management p Language Language p/Language p/Language p p M1 CJH M2 TWC C20 PAM p/Language p/Language p p M5 WJC M12 ZHB Ex Class M2 TWC p/Language p/Language p p 27-Oct M1 CJH M2 TWC C20 PAM Language Language 1-Dec M14 ERW M12 ZHB Ind Speaker M9 DJF p p Language Language Industry Visit (half day) 3-Nov M5 WJC M12 ZHB M9 DJF Language Language .Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III.21 PART III TIMETABLE .

Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III.LENT 2004 Week beginning * 12-Jan * 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Monday Austin * * * * * Tuesday Austin * * Wednesday * * Austin * * * * * * Thursday Austin * M16 PDB M8 ALG M13 BAG Language Language Language Language M13 BAG M8 ALG M6 AHW/JAE p p Lang/Man Lang/Man M16 PDB M8 ALG M6 AHW/JAE p p Lang/Man Lang/Man Departmental Research Tour and Conversazione M16 PDB M6 AHW/JAE M16 PDB M8 ALG M13 BAG Language Language Language Language M4 ZHB et al M16 PDB Ind Speaker M13 BAG Language Language Language Language M4 ZHB et al M16 PDB * * * * Friday Austin * M16 PDB M8 ALG M6 AHW/JAE Language Language *** *** *** * Week beginning * 16-Feb * * * * * Monday Austin * M15 GTB M3 RVK M13 BAG p p Lang/Man Lang/Man * * * * Tuesday Austin * M4 ZHB et al M15 GTB * Wednesday * * Austin * * * * * * M15 GTB M10 MGB M3 RVK p/Language p/Language Language Language M15 GTB M10 MGB M3 RVK p/Language p/Language p p M15 GTB M10 MGB M3 RVK p/Language p/Language p p Thursday Austin * M4 ZHB et al M10 MGB M13 BAG p/Language p/Language Language Language M4 ZHB et al M10 MGB * * * * Friday Austin * M15 GTB M3 RVK * * * * * 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 Industry Visit (half day) Language Language 19-Jan M16 PDB M8 ALG M6 AHW/JAE Language Language 23-Feb M15 GTB M3 RVK M4 ZHB et al M10 MGB M15 GTB M3 RVK M13 BAG p p p/Language Language M13 BAG p/Language p/Language p p M6 AHW/JAE M8 ALG M13 BAG p/Language p/Language p p M6 AHW/JAE M8 ALG p p Lang/Man Lang/Man p p p/Language Language M4 ZHB et al M10 MGB Language Language Language Language M4 ZHB et al M10 MGB Ind Speaker Language Language Language Language Language Language 26-Jan M16 PDB M8 ALG M6 AHW/JAE Language Language 1-Mar M15 GTB M3 RVK M15 GTB M3 RVK p p Lang/Man Lang/Man p p p/Language Language M4 ZHB et al M15 GTB M3 RVK p p p/Language Language Language Language 2-Feb M8 ALG M6 AHW/JAE p p Lang/Man Lang/Man M4 ZHB et al M16 PDB M16 PDB M6 AHW/JAE 8-Mar M15 GTB M10 MGB M3 RVK p p Lang/Man Lang/Man p p p/Language Language M4 ZHB et al M16 PDB M13 BAG p p p/Language Language p/Language p/Language p p M6 AHW/JAE M8 ALG M10 MGB p/Language p/Language p p Language Language Language Language M4 ZHB et al M10 MGB M13 BAG Language Language Language Language Language Language 9-Feb M8 ALG M6 AHW/JAE p Lang/Man Lang/Man M10 MGB M13 BAG M3 RVK Language Language .22 PART III TIMETABLE .

30 3-May 7-Jun Ex Class M9 DJF Ex Class M10 MGB Ex Class M16 PDB Ex Class C21 MGB Oral Examinations all day.30 Examination Paper 2 1. Class List 10-May 14-Jun Prize Giving 17-May . Please keep this day free.30-4.30-4.30 Examination Paper 3 1.30-4.Year 4 Part III Materials Science & Metallurgy III.EASTER 2004 Week beginning * 19-Apr * 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 * Monday * Austin * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Ex Class * M5 WJC * PIE DJF et al * * * * * * * Ex Class * M13 BAG * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Revision * Clinic (T001) * * * * * * * * Tuesday Austin * * Wednesday * * Austin * * * * * * Thursday Austin * * * * * Friday Austin * *** *** *** * Week beginning * 24-May * * * * * Monday Austin * * * * * Tuesday Austin * * Wednesday * * Austin * * * * * * Thursday Austin * * * * * Friday Austin * * * * * * 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5 Ex Class M8 ALG Ex Class M14 ERW Revision Clinic (T001) 26-Apr 31-May Ex Class M6 AHW/JAE PIE DJF et al Leadership Skills Workshop Ex Class M7 KMK PIE DJF et al Ex Class M12 ZHB PIE DJF et al PIE Summary Examination Paper 1 1.23 PART III TIMETABLE .

for example. Course in Modelling of Materials A collaboration between the Materials Science and Metallurgy. integrated selection of materials and processes. Computational materials science is thriving in academia and in industry where it has crucial in the development of many profitable commercial products. the objectives of this course are: • to provide a broad training in materials and process modelling • to instil confidence in a variety of techniques covering the engineering scale down to the atomic dimensions • to deal with materials as a whole • to inspire teamwork and the ability to communicate • to teach project design and management • to engender the proper documentation and reporting of software and outcomes.e. that given for completing set exercises (12%). structure-property relationships. mesoscale and multiscale modelling.M. Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics methods. Course Content The lecture courses. Dr Zoe Barber: zb10@cam. Contributions from manufacturing industry and government laboratories include identification of technologically important problems in the modelling area. leading. kinetics and microstructure modelling. physics.. research project (50%). interdisciplinary course is aimed at those with backgrounds in materials science. standard credit. information theory. examples classes and computing exercises cover: general methodology of modelling. statistics or computing.uk . literature survey (6%). chemistry.Phil.ac. ab initio methods and approximations. to topics for the Team Work Projects and full participation in the more extensive individual Research Projects. team work project (10%). pattern recognition and neural networks. biology. management. Engineering and Physics Departments of the University of Cambridge. It is normally for those who did NOT pursue their undergraduate studies in the Cambridge Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy. thermodynamics and phase diagrams. with contributions from manufacturing industry. process modelling (including finite elements). engineering. i. mathematics. Given that most technological problems cover many fields of expertise. Examination and Assessment Credit for the various parts of the course is allocated as follows: written examination (22%). Further details can be obtained from the Course Director. Aims of the Course This one-year. IPR and dissemination. chemical engineering.

from creating new materials to improving existing materials.A.cam.uk/RIP/index. Further information on how to apply and the forms of financial support available may be obtained from the Department’s Postgraduate Admissions Secretary: Dr R. The department welcomes new graduates from throughout the world into its research school.Research in Materials Science & Metallurgy The Department is one of the leading materials science departments in the world.html For Cambridge graduates the usual entry to the research school is after completion of a four-year B. Research Assessment Exercise.cam. Our research can be grouped into the themes of: • • • • • Bio-Medical Materials Electronic and Device Materials Materials Chemistry Physical Metallurgy Polymers. E.) in any Materials Department in the UK. The searchable guide to Researches in Progress is at: http://www. + M. Our research covers a very wide range of materials. Ceramics and Inorganic Composites This research is sponsored by about 130 different industries and governments throughout the world. We have the largest number of research students (currently ~130 pursuing 3-year projects leading to the Ph.msm. Ward: remw2@msm.D. M. course. We are very well equipped with state-of-the-art equipment in both materials science and materials engineering. by a significant margin.Sci.uk . It was awarded the top 5* rating the most recent U.K.ac.ac.