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3.1 INTRODUCTION Training is an important aspect to improve the economic conditions of the nation and the organisation; it is a continuous process and planning of frequent requisites of every industry. It has been promoted by the organisational efforts by providing industrial training and equipment towards attaining organizational objectives. The training programme has been conducted in sugar mills in order to enhance the quality and profit of the organization. The importance of training programme is needed to update the technology extension in a well-established existing sugar mill. The training programme consists of methodology and logical way of presentation and execution of pedagogies to skilled and semi-skilled employees and of course the fresh employees after their selection as an employee in the mills. The training has been given to the employees in an appropriate manner, particularly every category of employees depending upon the organizational size, nature and other resources. This study aims to probe the training programmes conducted by the select sugar mills in Tamilnadu for evaluating its effectiveness on the basis of appraising two categories of employees’ opinion: administrative, non-technical and technical employees. The importance of industrial training, off campus training, training programme, facilities provided by the organization, training experience of the employees, plant level training,

About 4. and training programmes applicable to sugar mills.economic development of rural population. Indian sugar industry covers around 7.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Sugar Industry is the second largest agro based industry after cotton textile industry in India and contributes significantly to the socio. lack of skilled and experienced employees of the sugar factories and mounting losses. provided it comes out of the vicious circle of shortage and surplus sugarcane. and training for hazards situations have been taken into account for the present study.5 of total rural population and provides employment to 5 lakh rural people. 3. Sugar mills have been instrumental in initiating a number of entrepreneurial activities in Rural India. Though several factors are responsible for increase in production. problems with technical orientation. It needs quality management at all levels of activity to enhance productivity and to utilize the maximum possible crushing and production capacity.79 training for safety. The opinions of the technical employees are concerned with training importance. producing nearly 15 and 25 percent global sugar and sugarcane respectively. training methods. training development.5 crore farmers engaged in sugarcane in India. it is considered training for the employees are the most important. Sugar industry also plays a leading role in global market being the world's second largest producer after Brazil. performance appraisal. lower sugarcane recovery and yield ever increasing production cost. regular proper training is 79 . Indian sugar industry can be a global leader.

Though the sugar mills are established and managed by public. Further. To study the various training programmes being conducted by the selected sugar mills in the study area. the researcher has undertaken the study. a deep study is attempted here to analyze the effectiveness of training programmes to upgrade the skills and knowledge to the employees in the sugar industrial unit. private and co-operative sectors. To study the origin and history of sugar industry and its role in the development of India. and it's the effectiveness of training. Hence. 2.80 required for the employees in order to enhance production reduce martial loss. to utilize the sources to the workers and above all to develop a cordial industrial relationship. 3.4 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 1. the present study focuses its attention to the training programmes being conducted by the sugar mills. 80 . 3. whether the training programmes have made any significant change perception and level of satisfaction of the employees towards training programmes. impact of training before and after training programmes attended by the employees. accidents. Hence. It is also important to probe.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY The sugar mills play a very important role in the upliftment of rural economy and to some extent solves the problem of disguised unemployment and seasonal unemployment. this study emphasis the need of training.

2. Effectiveness of training programme conducted in the selected sugar mills is not in the same way. How to assess the effectiveness of training programme of the sugar mills? 4. This research has attempted to address the following research questions which lead to a meticulous exploration of the effectiveness of training programme of sugar mills in Tamil Nadu. To analyse the level of satisfaction about the training programmes To offer suitable recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the training programmes based on findings. To analyse the effectiveness of training programmes of the selected sugar mills. To assess the impact of Pre -training and Post training programmes over the attitude and perception of the employees. What are the various sources of knowhow to training and its effective applications? 81 . A thorough investigation of those factors leads to raise various research issues. 6. 4. 1.81 3. 5. What are the methods of training programmes in sugar mills? What are the determinants of selecting the methods of training programme? 3. There are many factors which can influence the ways and needs of training programme.

Stratified random sampling method has been adopted for the study under employees classification as administrative. There is significant difference among the opinions held by the non-technical respondents in respect of training factors. two co-operative sector and two private sector sugar industrial units in the Tamilnadu viz. How effectively resource persons are utilized to promote the employees of the sugar mills? 6. non-technical and 82 . 3. 1..82 5. Sakthi Sugar Mill and EID Parry Sugar Mill. Salem Co-operative Sugar Mill. How to improve the effectiveness of training programmes in sugar mills? 3. and these two types of hypotheses framework are to analyze the perception of administrative non-technical and technical employees respectively. There is no significant difference among the opinions held by the technical respondents in respect of training factors. Perambalur Sugar Mill. Anna Sugar Mill.5 HYPOTHESES OF THE STUDY This study focuses on both null hypotheses and alternative hypotheses.6 METHODOLOGY 3.6. Kallakurichi Co-operative Sugar Mill – I.1 Sampling Design The study is restricted to two public sector.

83 technical. the total number of employees is 2255. The administrative/non-technical is classified into clerks and supervisors. Employees Categories Administrative/ Non-technical Clerical 141 127 88 68 56 68 548 Technical Total Skilled 116 106 140 141 140 170 813 413 421 367 269 351 426 2247 Sugar Mills Supervisor Semi-skilled 17 23 33 13 39 47 172 139 165 106 47 116 141 714 Anna Perambalur Kallakurichi Salem Sakthi EID Parry Total 20% of Total Source of Data 110 34 143 163 450 The study is mainly based on primary and secondary data. and technical is classified into semi-skilled and skilled. The sample consists of 20 percent of total employees of each stratum. The questionnaires were issued and collected from 450 employees of the selected sugar industrial units. In the above selected units. The primary data were collected from the administrative non-technical and 83 . It can be easily understood from the following table.

Likert five point scale techniques. periodicals and publications of sugar industry. The results of the study may not be applicable to other industries and states in India. The study will not cover all the sugar industrial units in Tamilnadu. magazines and websites. Many of the respondents were afraid of giving information about the 84 . The data obtained have been duly edited.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY 1. Period of the Study The study period is confined to 10 years from the financial year 2000-2001 to 2009-2010. 4. Deliberately six sugar industrial units alone are taken up for the study. Primary data were collected in the year 2010-2011. Framework of Analysis In order to achieve the objectives of the study. Various statistical parameters are used in this study for the purpose of detailed analysis. The study parameters are applied with the following statistical tools: Chi-square test.84 technical employees in the selected sugar mills in Tamilnadu. The secondary data were collected from the annual reports. ANOVA and other appropriate calculation methods to derive the results of the employees’ perception towards the objectives of the study. business newspapers. classified and analyzed as per the requirements of the study. 3. the present study evaluates the data drawn from the set resources in different ways. 3. journals. 2.

journals. public. 3. limitation and chapterisation of the study. CHAPTER – II REVIEWS OF LITERATURE OF THE STUDY This chapter deals with relevant reviews of literature of the previous studies. scope. CHAPTER – III RESEARCH DESIGN OF THE STUDY This chapter deals with the statement of the problem. CHAPTER –IV SUGAR INDUSTRY IN INDIA AND PROFILE OF THE ORGANISATION This chapter focuses on the sugar industry growth in India and particularly Tamilnadu. methodology.85 organization. hypotheses. objectives. 8 CHAPTERS SCHEME The following chapters will be present in the thesis. 85 . 5. and websites. private and co-operative sector. CHAPTER –V ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION OF DATA This chapter analyses and interprets the perception of employees towards effectiveness of training programme of selected sugar ills. This study will not compare the sugar industrial units and their respondent’s perception regarding the training practices. and also this chapter briefs with profile of the selected sugar mills. and they felt their given information may be biased. CHAPTER – I INTRODUCTION This chapter deals Introduction to training are various methods applied in Sugar Industry. books.

86 . Suggestions and Conclusion from the study.86 CHAPTER –VI FINDINGS SUGGESTIONS AND CONCLUSION This chapter presents the summary of Findings.