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UENR3219 August 2012

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PUMP OR MOTOR FLUID CONDITIONER

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS
BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS
MAIN AUX

SPRING

CONTROL VALVES

RESTRICTION

LINE RESTRICTION (FIXED)

PUMP (2 - SECTION)

PUMP (VARIABLE & PRESSURE COMPENSATED)

VARIABILITY

Component Location
Description
Accumulator Gp - Hydraulic (Charged) Control Gp - Joystick (LH) Control Gp - Joystick (RH) Filter & Valve Gp - Pilot (Hydraulic Oil) Filter Gp - Oil (Hydraulic, Case Drain) Filter Gp - Oil (Hydraulic, Main Return) Manifold Gp - Control (Pilot Oil) Motor Gp - Piston (Left) Motor Gp - Piston (Right) Motor Gp - Swing Pump Gp - Piston Radiator & Hydraulic Oil Cooler Gp Screen Gp - Hydraulic Switch As - Pressure (Implement) Swivel Gp Tank & Filter Gp - Hydraulic Valve Gp - Check (Cololer Bypass) Valve Gp - Main Control Valve Gp - Pilot Valve Gp - Pressure Reducing (Boom, Swing Priority) Valve Gp - Shuttle (B) Valve Gp - Travel Counterbalance (Left) Valve Gp - Travel Counterbalance (Right) Switch As - Pressure (Implement) Valve Gp - Solenoid & Pressure Reducing

SPRING (ADJUSTABLE)

LINE RESTRICTION (VARIABLE)

PRESSURE COMPENSATION

HYDRAULIC PNEUMATIC ENERGY TRIANGLES

LINE RESTRICTION (VARIABLE & PRESSURE COMPENSATED)

ATTACHMENT

Part Number
164-6981 297-0533 297-0532 158-8987 289-8194 259-0869 215-5037 357-1821 357-1821 170-9893 391-9442 390-8828 394-4278 309-5768 162-4696 395-1575 171-0002 420-2241 369-8503 310-0210 164-6979 349-9520 349-9520 309-5768 238-0751

Machine Location
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

Schematic Location
B-4 A-8 A-7 B-3 A-3 A-4 B-5 F-8 F-7 F-6 A-3 C-2 A-4 E-5 E-7 A-4 C-12 D-4 B-8 C-3 C-6 E-8 E-7 C-4 C-4 F-3

VALVE ENVELOPES

VALVES

VALVE PORTS

ONE POSITION

TWO POSITION

THREE POSITION

TWO - WAY

THREE - WAY

FOUR - WAY

CONTROL VALVES
AB A B

CHECK VALVES

P T NORMAL POSITION

P T SHIFTED POSITION INFINITE POSITION BASIC SYMBOL SPRING LOADED SHUTTLE PILOT CONTROLLED

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

VENTED

PRESSURIZED

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

312D2 Excavator Hydraulic System - Attachment
KLE1-UP MGJ1-UP

MEASUREMENT

ROTATING SHAFTS

PRESSURE

TEMPERATURE

FLOW

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

SOLENOID

SOLENOID OR MANUAL

SOLENOID & PILOT

SOLENOID & PILOT OR MANUAL

SERVO

THERMAL

DETENT

Attachment: Universal Quick Coupler

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

Valve Gp - Solenoid & Manifold (Quick Coupler) 328-2035

PUSH - PULL LEVER

MANUAL SHUTOFF

GENERAL MANUAL

PUSH BUTTON

PEDAL

SPRING

RELEASED PRESSURE

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

EXTERNAL RETURN

INTERNAL RETURN

SIMPLIFIED

COMPLETE

INTERNAL SUPPLY PRESSURE

ACCUMULATORS

CROSSING & JOINING LINES

HYDRAULIC & PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

SPRING LOADED

GAS CHARGED

LINES CROSSING

LINES JOINING

SINGLE ACTING

DOUBLE ACTING

HYDRAULIC PUMPS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED

HYDRAULIC MOTORS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS
INFINITE POSITIONING

3 POSITION

2 POSITION

UNIDIRECTIONAL

UNIDIRECTIONAL

Universal Quick Coupler

BIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

FLOW IN ONE DIRECTION

PARALLEL FLOW

CROSS FLOW

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© 2012 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved

FLOW IN EITHER DIRECTION

Printed in U.S.A.

MAIN CONTROL VALVE
1
Tap Locations Pressure, Sampling, and Sensor
Tap Number
AA BB CC DD EE PG SOS

CAB VIEW - TOP
ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS TABLE
HYDRAULIC SYMBOLS (ELECTRICAL)

CC

4

5

Description
Drive Pump Delivery Pressure Idler Pump Delivery Pressure Power Shift Pressure Pump Case Pressure Solenoid Pilot Pressure Pilot Pump Delivery Pressure Oil Sampling Port

Schematic Location
B-3 A-3 A-2 A-2 C-4 B-3 B-3

G
TRANSDUCER (FLUID) TRANSDUCER (GAS / AIR) GENERATOR

M
ELECTRIC MOTOR

PRESSURE SWITCH

PRESSURE SWITCH (ADJUSTABLE)

TEMPERATURE SWITCH

ELECTRICAL WIRE

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS (ELECTRICAL)

T

PRESSURE SWITCH

TEMPERATURE SWITCH

LEVEL SWITCH

FLOW SWITCH

WIRE NUMBER IDENTIFICATION CODES ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC EXAMPLE CURRENT STANDARD
HARNESS IDENTIFICATION CODE THIS EXAMPLE INDICATES WIRE 135 IN HARNESS “AG” WIRE

HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC EXAMPLE CURRENT STANDARD

325-AG135 PK-14

CIRCUIT NUMBER IDENTIFICATION

WIRE COLOR

7

BB

11

AA

SOS

PG

DD

CIRCUIT NUMBER IDENTIFICATION

WIRE COLOR

WIRE GAUGE

325-PK

MAIN PUMP
WIRE

PREVIOUS STANDARD
WIRE COLOR

8
CIRCUIT NUMBER IDENTIFICATION

325-PK-14

B
WIRE GAUGE

A

(EXAMPLE VALVE)

26 22 10 15 16 13 6
EE

24 25 23

9

QUICK COUPLER

QUICK COUPLER

COMPONENT LOCATIONS

30 Page,

12

UENR3219

(Dimensions: 39 inches x 28 inches)

VERSION: HE Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off. 5 4 4 5 6 3 2 1 1 P1 PAC DR3 DR4 Pi2 DR5 T-OUT1 DR6 (25) VALVE GP SOLENOID & PRESSURE REDUCING 238-0751 (24) SWITCH AS PRESURE (IMPLEMENT) 309-5768 (4) FILTER & VALVE GP PILOT (HYDRAULIC OIL) 158-8987 OUT T IN PR AA M2 M4 A3 PS (11) PUMP GP PISTON 391-9442 (20) VALVE GP PRESSURE REDUCING (BOOM. CASE DRAIN) 289-8194 (6) FILTER GP OIL (HYDRAULIC. aL1 HYD LOCK SOL.by letter) Components (By number) STICK JL4 (L) aR2 SWING BUCKET aL4 JR4 (OPEN) BOOM (1) ACCUMULATOR GP (7) MANIFOLD GP HYDRAULIC (CHARGED) CONTROL (PILOT OIL) 164-6981 215-5037 PG 52 SOS DrM JL2 (R) STICK JL3 (IN) aR3 (5) FILTER GP OIL (HYDRAULIC. 5 4 T-OUT2 DR2 aR1 T1 (BACK) TRAVEL(L) TT TP TRAVEL(R) T3 (BACK) TRAVEL SPEED CHANGE SOL. MAIN RETURN) 259-0869 M S2 Dr DD HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS PILOT PUMP OUTPUT MAIN PUMP OUTPUT LEFT TRAVEL CONTROL AND LEFT TRAVEL CIRCUIT POWER SHIFT CONTROL CIRCUIT SUPPLY LINE STICK CONTROL AND STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT ATTACHMENT CIRCUIT SWING CONTROL AND SWING MOTOR CIRCUIT DRAIN / RETURN LINE SWING BREAK CONTROL CIRCUIT DRIVE PUMP OUTPUT TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL CIRCUIT BUCKET CONTROL AND BUCKET CYLINDER CIRCUIT RIGHT TRAVEL CONTROL AND RIGHT TRAVEL CIRCUIT BOOM CONTROL AND BOOM CYLINDER CIRCUIT bL4 BUCKET JRT JR1 (UP) bL2 A1 PL M5 CC Pn1 M1 M3 PM JLP (3) CONTROL GP JOYSTICK (RH) 297-0532 (16) TANK & FILTER GP HYDRAULIC 395-1575 (13) SCREEN GP HYDRAULIC 394-4278 BB THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 312D2 EXCAVATOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM ATTACHMENT: UNIVERSAL QUICK COUPLER MEDIA NUMBER: UENR3219 SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 344-4410. (21) VALVE GP SHUTTLE (B) 164-6979 (12) RADIATOR & HYDRAULIC OIL COOLER GP 390-8828 3 P2 Pi1 P-IN PSA2 DR1 PSA1 2 SWING BREAK SOL. SWING PRIORITY) 310-0210 LINE PATTERNS Pressure Line Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure Drain / Return Lines Component Group A2 Pn2 Attachment Air Line 6 3 2 (2) CONTROL GP JOYSTICK (LH) 297-0533 CALLOUTS bR3 JL1 (OUT) JLT SWING JR3 (DOWN) BOOM bR2 JR2 (CLOSE) aL2 JRP PG PC S1 YY Taps (Pressure. . Sensor . transmission shifter in neutral and with parking brake set. Sampling.TRAVEL MOTOR (LEFT) (8) MOTOR GP PISTON (LEFT) 357-1821 (9) MOTOR GP PISTON (RIGHT) 357-1821 SWING MOTOR TRAVEL MOTOR (RIGHT) PR DR UNLOCK LOCK Pp3 T1 T2 Pp3 T1 T2 BG AG (10) MOTOR GP SWING 369-9604 (26) VALVE GP SOLENOID & MANIFOLD (QUCK COUPLER) 328-2035 (14) SWITCH AS PRESSURE (IMPLEMENT) 309-5768 C1 C2 VALVE GP 328-2035 BL4 AL2 BL2 BUCKET CYLINDER AL4 AR3 STICK CYLINDER BR3 BOOM CYLINDER B AG BG BR2 BG MU A AR2 P T A B B A (22) VALVE GP TRAVEL COUNTERBALANCE (LEFT) 349-9520 AR1 BR1 AL1 BL1 (15) SWIVEL GP 162-4696 (23) VALVE GP TRAVEL COUNTERBALANCE (RIGHT) 199-0504 bR2 BR2 BR3 AR3 PA1 (OUT) bR3 bR5 (R) AR2 bR4 BR1 PSW PTA (FWD) (FWD) AR1 bR1 bL1 BL1 AL1 bL2 AL2 BL2 BL4 AL4 bL5 (UP) (UP) CP2 bL3 BL3 AL3 bL6 (OUT) (CLOSE) bL4 dB (18) VALVE GP MAIN CONTROL 420-2241 ATCH BUCKET STICK(1) SWING TRAVEL(L) TRAVEL(R) BOOM(1) R2 HL STICK(R) HR (Dimensions: 39 inches x 28 inches) BOOM(2) UENR3219 R1 (IN) (L) CP1 aR3 aR5 dA PP aR2 aR1 (BACK) PR aL1 aL4 B1 A1 1 (FWD) bR1 T2 (FWD) T4 bL1 7 6 A1 B2 A2 C B (BACK) dST1 PL STICK(2) (19) VALVE GP PILOT 369-8503 dA1 (DOWN) (DOWN) aL5 aL2 pB1 dB1 aL3 (IN) aL6 (OPEN) E D T A F (17) VALVE GP CHECK (COOLER BYPASS) 171-0002 EE T P P1 P2 T 30 Page. CHANGE: 00. Refer to appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting. Specifications and Systems Operations.