Section A [20 marks] Answer all questions in this section. Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini. 1.

A group of students carried out an experiment to study the variation of the types of thumbprints. Diagram 1.1 shows four types of thumbprints : curve,loop,whorl and composite. Sekumpuan pelajar telah menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji variasi kumpulan cap jari. Gambarajah 1.1 menunjukkan empat jenis cap jari : lengkung,gelung,pusar dan komposit.

Gelung

Lengkung Diagram 1.1 Gambarajah 1.1

Pusar

Komposit

The group of students collected the thumbprints of 20 students in a class. Diagram 1.2 shows the thumbprints collected. Kumpulan pelajar itu telah mengumpul sebanyak 20 pelajar di dalam kelas. Gambarajah 1.2 menunjukkan cap-cap jari yang dikumpulkan.

Diagram 1.2 Gambarajah 1.2

1

Type of thumbprints Jenis cap jari Number of students Bilangan pelajar Loop Gelung Curve Lengkung Whorl Pusar Composite Komposit Table 1 Jadual 1 [2 marks] (b) Based on the results in Table 1. Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 1.2. count the number of students in each type and fill in Table 1. what is the conclusion on this type of variation? Berdasarkan carta yang dilukis dalam 1(b).3 Type of thumbprint / Jenis cap jari (c) Based on the chart drawn in 1(b). Berdasarkan Gambarajah 1. apakah kesimpulan terhadap jenis variasi ini? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 2 .draw a bar chart to show the number of students against the types of thumbprints. [2 marks] Number of students / Bilangan pelajar Gelung Lengkung Pusar Komposit Diagram 1.2. kira bilangan pelajar di dalam setiap jenis cap jari dan isikan ke dalam Jadual 1.(a) Based on Diagram 1.3 Gambarajah 1. lukiskan carta bar untuk menunjukkan bilangan pelajar melawan jenis-jenis cap jari.

The results of the experiment are recorded in Table 2. Thermometer / Termometer Conical flask / Kelalang kon Liquid X (100 ºC) / Cecair X (100 ºC) Diagram 2 Gambarajah 2 The initial temperature of liquid X is 100 ºC. Time (minute) Masa (minit) Temperature(ºC) Suhu (ºC) 0 100 ½ 88 1 1½ 64 2 60 2½ 60 3 3½ 60 4 60 4½ 52 5 36 Boiling tube / Tiub didih Table 2 Jadual 2 (a) Draw a temperature versus time graph on the graph paper below using data in Table 2. [2 marks] Temperature (ºC) / Suhu (ºC) 3 Time (minute) / Masa (minit) . Cecair itu dikacau sehingga ia menjadi pepejal. Lukiskan graf suhu melawan masa dalam kertas graf di bawah dengan menggunakan data dalam Jadual 2. Suhu permulaan bagi cecair X ialah 100 ºC. Suhu cecair X kemudian direkodkan setiap ½ minit. Keputusan eksperimen adalah seperti yang direkodkan di dalam Jadual 2. The temperature of liquid X is then recorded every ½ minute. The liquid is stirred until it becomes solid. Gambarajah 2 menunjukkan tiub didih yang mengandungi cecair X. yang telah diletakkan ke dalam kelalang kon.2. Diagram 2 shows a boiling tube containing liquid X. which has been placed into a conical flask.

(b) Based on the graph in 2(a). Eksperimen ini diulangi dengan menggunakan rod aluminum. Diagram 3 shows the apparatus used to study the heat conductivity of metals. Wax / Lilin Iron rod ( Rod besi) /Aluminium rod (Rod aluminium) Thumbtack / Paku tekan Heat / Dipanaskan Diagram 3 Gambarajah 3 The time taken for the thumbtack to drop off the iron rod is recorded. The results are recorded in Table 3. determine the temperature of liquid X after: Berdasarkan graf dalam 2(a). The experiment is repeated using an aluminium rod. Masa yang diambil bagi paku tekan itu jatuh daripada rod besi direkodkan. Keputusan dicatat dalam Jadual 3. Gambarajah 3 menunjukkan radas-radas yang digunakan untuk mengkaji kekonduksian logam. tentukan suhu cecair X selepas : (i) (ii) 1 minute / 1 minit : ____________________________________________ 3 minutes / 3 minit : ____________________________________________ [2 marks] (c) What is the freezing point of liquid X? Apakah takat beku bagi cecair X? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] º (d) Why does the temperature remain at 60 C while a change in the state of matter takes place? Kenapakah suhu kekal pada suhu 60 ºC ketika perubahan keadaan jirim sedang berlaku? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] 3. Type of metal / Jenis Logam Time taken for the thumbtack to drop off (second) Masa yang diambil bagi paku tekan jatuh (saat) Iron rod / Rod besi Aluminium rod / Rod aluminium 4 35 20 .

Lukiskan susunan zarah-zarah air dalam ketiga-tiga keadaan dan namakan setiap keadaan itu di dalam ruangan di bawah. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 4. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] (c) State the constant variable in this experiment. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 5 . [3 marks] ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ (b) State whether energy is absorbed or released when ice melts. Nyatakan hipotesis yang boleh dibuat daripada eksperimen ini. Nyatakan pembolehubah yang dimalarkan dalam eksperimen ini.(a) What is the aim of the experiment? Apakah tujuan eksperimen ini? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) State the hypothesis that can be made from the experiment. Eksperimen dalam Gambarajah 4 menunjukkan perubahan keadaan jirim apabila ia dipanaskan. Diagram 4 Gambarajah 4 (a) Draw the arrangement of water particles for the three states and name each state in the spaces below. Nyatakan sama ada tenaga diserap atau dibebaskan ketika ais melebur. The experiment in Diagram 4 shows the changes of states of matter when it is heated.

Lengkapkan Gambarajah 5 untuk menunjukkan jenis kromosom pada gamet dan anak yang dihasilkan. Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini. Namakan proses X. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) What is the probability of producing a male child at each birth? Apakah kebarangkalian menghasilkan anak lelaki dalam setiap kelahiran? _____________________________________________________________________ (d) State the sex of child : Nyatakan jantina anak : (i) (ii) P : _____________________ Q :_____________________ [2 marks] [1 mark] (e) Do all the children produced show the same characteristics? Give your reasons. 5. Adakah semua anak menunjukkan ciri-ciri yang sama? Berikan sebab anda. Diagram 5 shows the formation of zygotes from the fertilisation between sperms and ova. Gambarajah 5 menunjukkan pembentukan zigot daripada persenyawaan di antara sperma dan ovum. [4 marks] (b) Name process X.Section B [30 marks] Answer all questions in this section. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [2 marks] 6 . Father / Bapa 44 + XY Mother / Ibu 44 + XX Body cell / Sel Badan Process X / Proses X Gamete / Gamet Offspring / Zuriat Diagram 5 Gambarajah 5 (a) Complete Diagram 5 to show the types of chromosomes of the gametes and the offsprings produced.

Diagram 7 shows an experiment that is carried out to show a type of reaction among human beings. Gambarajah 7 menunjukkan eksperimen yang dijalankan untuk menunjukkan satu jenis tindakbalas manusia. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) Decribe briefly the arrangement and movement of the particles in the solid. Diagram 6 represents the arrangement of the particles in a solid and in a gas. Gambarajah 6 menunjukkan susunan zarah dalam pepejal dan gas. Knee / Lutut Hammer / Tukul Leg / Kaki Diagram 7 Gambarajah 7 7 . Namakan Proses T.6. Berikan satu contoh bahan yang mengalami proses T. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 7. Process T Proses T Diagram 6 Gambarajah 6 (a) Which state of matter contains particles with higher energy? Mana satukah keadaan jirim yang mengandungi zarah dengan tenaga yang tinggi? ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Name Process T. Jelaskan secara ringkas tentang susunan dan pergerakan zarah-zarah dalam pepejal. ___________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (d) Give one example of a substance that undergo process T.

1 bagi menunjukkan bagaimana impuls boleh bergerak untuk menghasilkan tindakbalas yang disebabkan oleh sentakan tempurung lutut. Berikan satu contoh yang mempunyai tindakbalas yang serupa. [2 marks] Motor neurone / Neuron motor Grey matter / Jirim kelabu Sensory neurone / Neuron deria Nerve end / Hujung saraf White matter / Jirim putih Diagram 7. Lukiskan anak panah dalam Gambarajah 7.1 Gambarajah 7. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 8 . Namakan urutan lintasan bagi tindakan refleks ini.(a) What can be observed if the bottom part of the kneecap is knocked? Apakah yang boleh diperhatikan jika bahagian bawah tempurung lutut diketuk? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Name the path of this reflex action.1 to show how the impulse travels to produce the reaction caused by knocking the lower part of the knee cap. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) Draw arrows on Diagram 7.1 (d) Why is this reaction important to us? Mengapakah tindakbalas ini penting kepada kita? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (e) Give one other example of a similar reaction.

9 .

Diagram 8 shows the formation of twins. (i) [1 mark] _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ (ii) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ [2 marks] 9. Nyatakan proses yang bertanda T. Sperm / Sperma S T Ovum / Ovum Zygote / Zigot Diagram 8 Gambarajah 8 (a) State the process that is labelled as S. Nyatakan proses yang bertanda S. Gambarajah 8 menunjukkan pembentukan kembar. Nyatakan dua ciri-ciri kembar yang kamu nyatakan dalam 8(c). Diagram 9 shows a symbol for element X. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) What type of twins are produced based on Diagram 8? Apakah jenis kembar yang terhasil seperti dalam Gambarajah 8? _____________________________________________________________________ (d) State two characteristics of the twins that you stated in 8(c). ____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Name the process that is labelled as T.8. 19 9 X 10 Diagram 9 Gambarajah 9 . Gambarajah 9 menunjukkan simbol bagi unsur X.

(a) What do the following numbers mean? Apakah maksud nombor-nombor di bawah. (i) (ii) Number of neutrons / bilangan neutron : ____________________________ Number of electrons / bilangan elektron: ____________________________ [2 marks] (c) What is element X? Apakah unsur X? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 11 . Berikan nombor neutron dan elektron dalam satu atom X. (i) (ii) 19 : ______________________ 9 : ______________________ [2 marks] (b) Give the number of neutrons and electrons in one atom of X.

(ii) Identification of variables [2 marks] Mengenalpasti pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang terlibat (iii) List of apparatus and materials [1 mark] Senarai radas dan bahan (iv) Procedure or method [4 marks] Prosedur atau cara kerja (v) Tabulation of data [1 mark] Penjadualan data 11. Kehadiran bendasing akan meningkatkan takat didih. (a) State four differences between voluntary action and involuntary action. Arahan: Jawab soalan 10 dan sama ada Soalan 11 atau Soalan 12. Heartbeat Denyutan Nadi ACTIONS TINDAKAN Breathing Pernafasan Diagram 10 Gambarajah 10 12 Peristalsis Peristalsis Reflex Action Tindakan refleks . Nyatakan empat perbezaan di antara tindakan terkawal dan tindakan luar kawal. Cadangkan satu hipotesis untuk mengkaji pernyataan di atas.Section C [20 marks] Answer Question 10 and either Question 11 or Question 12. The time suggested to answer this section is 40 minutes. [4 marks] (b) Diagram 10 shows a few actions that may happen in the body of a student Gambarajah 10 menunjukkan beberapa tindakan yang boleh berlaku dalam badan seorang pelajar. 10. Terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menguji hipotesis kamu berdasarkan kriteria berikut. Study the following statement. The presence of impurities will affect the boiling point. Kaji pernyataan berikut. (a) Suggest a hypothesis to investigate the above statement. [1 mark] (i) Aim of the experiment Tujuan eksperimen. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab bahagian ini ialah 40 minit. [1 mark] (b) Describe an experiment to test your hypothesis based on the following criteria.

Penerangan anda mestilah berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut: (i) Identification of the problem [1 mark] Mengenalpasti masalah (ii) Name of the method [1 mark] Nama bagi cara kerja tersebut. (iii) Steps that must be taken Langkah-langkah yang mesti diambil.Study the above actions. Explain how the student is going to purify the table salt. [4 marks] (b) A student found out that a table salt (sodium chloride) used for cooking is not pure. You are required to develop a concept of involuntary actions. [4 marks] END OF QUESTIONS PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT 13 . Your explanation should be based on the following aspects: Seorang pelajar mendapati garam (natrium klorida) yang digunakan dalam masakan Adalah tidak tulen. Dengan menggunakan contoh yang sesuai. [1 mark] 12.terangkan apakah itu isotop. Nyatakan konsep sebenar tindakan luar kawal. Jawapan anda mestilah berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut: (i) Identify two common characteristics of involuntary actions [2 marks] Kenalpasti dua ciri tindakan luar kawal. (a) With a suitable example. Your answer should be based on the following aspects: Kaji tindakan-tindakan di atas. Terangkan bagaimanakah pelajar itu menulenkan garam tersebut.explain what isotopes are. Anda dikehendaki membina satu konsep tindakan luar kawal. (ii) Develop an initial concept of involuntary actions Bina konsep permulaan tindakan luar kawal [1 mark] (iii) Give one example of involuntary actions and one example of vountary actions Berikan satu conto tindakan luar kawal dan satu contoh tindakan terkawal [2 marks] (iv) State the actual concept of involuntary actions.

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