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Answers

sr2

CHAPTER 1
Exercise 1.1
1. true 2. f(5)  31 is prime 3. true 4. a. not prime for n  5
b. not prime for n  11 c. not prime for n  41 5. true 6. not true
7. true 8. Not true 

2. For sector angle of s°, 
360 3. a. 3:4 b. 4:9 c. 7:10
81
4. a. 9:16 b. 1:9 c. 1:8 d. 1:9 5. a. 4 cm b. 8 cm 6. 4 cm2
7. 2 cm 8. 36

Exercise 3.1
1. 8 2. 12 3. 7 4. 16 5. 3  43 6. 213 
7. 421 
14. 24

Exercise 1.3
9. a. 540° b. 180(n  4)°

Exercise 3.2
1. a. 62.5° b. 60° c. 42°, 118° d. 90° 8. 16

Exercise 1.4
3. a. 3x  y  11 b. x  6y  10 e. they are concurrent
4. a. 3x  4y  12 b. x – 2y  6 c. (0, 3)
e. they are concurrent

Exercise 3.3
2. ∠ACD  50°, ∠BCA  ∠ADB  30°, ∠DAC  ∠DBC  70°,
∠CED  ∠BEA  100°, ∠BEC  80°, ∠BAC  ∠BDC  30°
3. A, D, F, E; B, D, E, C 5. 100° 12. 1260°

Chapter 1 Test
4. 29°

Exercise 3.4
1. AC  12, OA  13 2. a. 24 b. 65° c. 120° d. x  65°,
y  115°, z  50° 7. 20 9. 22 12. 6

CHAPTER 2

Exercise 3.5
55
1. a. 9 b. 3 c. 32 d. x  50°, y  80°, z  40°
e. x  y  30° f. x  70°, y  220° 2. ∠DEF  50°,
∠EDF  66°, ∠DFE  64° 4. a. 3 b. 6 c. 22 5. a. 4
b. 27 c. 9 d. 4

Review of Prerequisite Skills
9
3 

1. a. 120 b. 60 2. a. 204 b. 151
3 3. 168 4. 96 6. 15° 7. 3 5
Exercise 2.1
2. a. AE  AD 3. a. ∠DEF b. AC
Exercise 2.2
2. gmTQVU  gmTVRU  gmTPUV
Exercise 2.3
2. a. 1a, e, f are true b. converse of 1a, c are true c. 1a
3. b, e are true
Exercise 2.5
2
2
1. a. 1:3 b. 1:4 c. 1:2 d. 1:3 e. 1:2 f. 1:4 2. a. 25 b. 63 c. 4
3
1
3. a  34, b  53 4. PT:SQ  4:3 7. 5:4 9. 1:36
Exercise 2.6
1. c, e, f, g, h 2. AC  24, BC  30 3. 40, 50, 65 cm 4. 3.5 m
AD

1 


5. XY  6 6. a. 441 b. 360 7. 2:7 16. 
DB  4

Review Exercise
2A
1. c, d 2. P  2L  L 3. 3:4 4. 72 5. a. 2:5 b. 4:25
7. a. 2:25 b. 2:15 9. y  6.0 10. a. 1:2 c. ADE:rect
1
ABCD  1:8, ABF:rect ABCD  1:6 11. 45 14. 124
18. 3:11 19. 1:2 21. 21
Chapter 2 Test
8
2. a. 120 b. 6 c. 40 d. 12 3. MY  41
3 4. 288 6. 100

CHAPTER 3
Review of Prerequisite Skills

50

100

1. a. 36, 9 b. 144, 24 c. 25, 9 d. 100, 3 e. 49,
49 

80   

2 f. 64, 9

Review Exercise
24
7
1. a. x  60°, y  100° b. x  45°, y  135° 2. a. 5 b. 3
c. 2
15 d. 50° e. 105° f. 38° 5. ∠ACD  60°,
∠AEB  ∠DEC  95°, ∠BEC  85°,
∠BAC  ∠BDC  25°, ∠ADB  ∠BCA  20°,
∠DBC  ∠DAC  75° 9. 12  
39 12. ∠HED  60°,
1
1
90°  x
∠HDE  522°, ∠EHD  672° 14. 20 15. 2
16. 20° 18. 30 21. ∠x  60°, ∠y  65°, ∠z  55°
Chapter 3 Test
16
1. a. 50 b. 43 c. 3 d. x  120°, y  80° 2. 40° 3. 9
Cumulative Review Chapters 1–3
1. 9.45 3. 2x2  3x  5 5. a. EBF  8 b. quad AEFD  16
6. partial circle 15. 4:9 18. 6 20. 60° 24. 4.6

CHAPTER 4
Review of Prerequisite Skills 
3 

1

1 

3 

4 

 

1. a.  
e. 
2 b. 2 c. 2 d. 3
2 f. 1 2. 3 3. 7.36,
6.78, 50° 4. 34°, 44°, 102° 5. 5.8 km 6. 8.7 km

Exercise 4.1 
 
2. Vector: a, c, g, j, l 3. a. EF
CB b. 
FE, 
AD c. 
AB, 
DE    

d. AB, BC e. FD, EB 5. a. 45° b. 135° c. 90° 8. a. 
AG 

b. 
GF c. 
AF d. 
CA e. 
GA 9. a. 
AB  
DC b. 
AD  CB
1  
 2PD 
d.  
  10, 37°;
c. BD
AP  2AC
10. 10.9° 11. a 
  5, 180°; c = 
b
29, 112°; d  5, 217°; e  3, 90°
ANSWERS

553

5) c. Pythagorean Theorem 2  b 2  2a b  cos cosine law b. 4. (4. 3 Exercise 4.  BC   CD   DF   FE b. 1035N 22. h.7. 18) 554 A N S W E R S c. 2. 0) b.  . 90° 2.9.  EC d. 3) 10. 2) c. (2. AB  CD 10. (12. 0) e.8. N62°E 12. (21. 396. 309° f. N82°W  1 12  2 1 F d. 90°   180° 9. 7. (0. (13. (3.8) d. 27. 9. 76y d. 4. b  ku u  v Chapter 4 Test 3. 37° to a 10. a. 0) 10. 77 km/h north c. 2. a line parallel to the z-axis through (1. (0. 3x  y b. 173N 19. 0 d. (2. 2iˆ  3jˆ 3kˆ 6. j. 62) b. 32° to 15N 7.2 2. 7 17  17  17  3 4 12 18.  PR 4. 9) d. (0. 3. 0) c.8 7. 3.  u ⊥ v b. 3 10. south b. 5 b. 4 2 3 2 2 3 6 16. a. north d. a. (5. 167 km/h. 3 9 9 6 2 3 18 41  b.4N 16. 28. N30°E c. (4. a. 54. a. 2 b. 3. a. 55° d. 7).6.  DH  iˆ  jˆ. 13) 7.9N. 937. 513N 10. a. a. 25 e.  BG   EG. S25°E b. 3) i. 52. 2.  AG c.  8. N13°E 6. 204 km/h. 6. 32N b. 2iˆ  7kˆ 5. 103N 11.0) f. 389.  BH  jˆ  kˆ. 20) l. 7. 32) 3. 66 m b. 29. 451 km/h c. xy-plane e. xz-plane f. 16) d. 2 min 55 sec 8. 8) k. xy-plane b. 3) b. 3 18. 77 km/h south 4. w x y 18. into 3. 12 m/s 14. 0. 270° c. 6) b. (6. 7. not perpendicular 4. 11  2 Exercise 5. y  22 a  22 b 17. 6. (3. 2iˆ 3jˆ 3kˆ d. 10N. N56°W 8. iˆ  jˆ  kˆ FE  iˆ  jˆ . c. (4.1 2. a  kv. a. (5.5 km. 4 19. 47. 2.   10  10  6. 15) f. 2).5kN. 0. 1). k  R 19. 5. (5. 9) b. x-axis c.4 b. a b  b. e. 2iˆ  jˆ  kˆ b. a.8N. 5. 32N 9. Yes Exercise 4. 6) d. 12. yz-plane c. 58. 294N. 6) d. a. 15. 4. (0.6 km b. 1 3 . 2. 8° with 12N and 32° with 5N forces 11. 7 Exercise 5. acute. 108N b. vy  5. 9. 14 c. 0°   90° c. a. (2. 140 km/h 14. 4jˆ  kˆ d. a line with x  y  z 11. (6. 2iˆ  jˆ  5kˆ c. 1 1 . 11. 1420N  6. 1) 1 3 c. yz-plane d. 0 23. 25 c. 24° to v b. a. 10° off the starboard bow 25. 10. 6. 9) 12. 0N. 2) 17. a. 125° 24. a. distributive property 5.3 2. a. (10. 7. 320 km. a. 60° b. 150° b. 94N. 0N 15. a.9N. 7 5 5 1 16. 8. 520 km SW. (1.1 17. 73° 9. 1. 60° 18. 11 . 0 3. 2N. 1. 42. 12. 6) f. a. 879.9 knots. u y  5. 0 b.  34      CD  b. 8. N32°E Review Exercise a2  b2 7. N5°W 7. 1. 6) c. y  3 z  3 14. 3) b. (2. 15. a. 11  1 1 1 15 1 1 1 17 72   b.  19. a. 3iˆ  4jˆ  3kˆ c.  AH  iˆ  jˆ  kˆ. (5. 19 c. scalars are a. 120° e. 2. a. 0) 1 d.6. 0) e. 35. out c. a. b.12. 4. u    10.  AC b. 6jˆ c. (1. 1. 13). (45.1N. x  1 1 a  11 b. a  272 b. a. 5N. 15° to 8N b.7N. 100 s 15. b. (3. (183. z-axis e. (13. vectors are f. 10) c. 2. a. 10. b 13. 1. N69°E b. a. 5iˆ  2jˆ b. (1. 6 f. a. 62 1. 2.5. 3.  30 c. (3. 57. 5. 37° d. 4. 38° 24.5 N 6. (62. a.3N x  0.  d.2N.  DK   AD. 7 b. a. 14) b. 1 1 . (5. 23) f. (6. 1) b. (0. 13  b. 33 c. a. 1 h 5 min 13. not possible 3. 20) c. 52 b.8. on the z-axis b. AB AB   CD. 0. a. a.2 . 0 b. 3 c. 4a 2  b 2 15.  BC   EC 3. (5. 11) 22. 1 c. a. 2. b.  17 b. 90° 8. 0. 6 min 5. a. 72°. a. a. 80N 12. 5iˆ  3jˆ  15kˆ 2  1 5 3      12. 0. 8) g. 290 km/h. iˆ  6jˆ 3. W b. less. a. 7. 79N b. 3). 640 knots. 21) e. 510 km/h 11. jˆ  kˆ b. 8. (6.  11 b. 2. 6. a.1750 8. a.  CH  iˆ  kˆ. a. 4. a. 9. S44°E CHAPTER 5 Exercise 5.       AB CD c. 36N 3. 605N. (4. 5) j. 6. (7. perpendicular b. F   F  2 . 5N 5. 6iˆ  jˆ  7kˆ b. 47 min 16. 0) d. 5 h 25 min 13. 51° to  u 5. a.4 2. 15. 0. 7u  6v 4. less.3N c. NW 4. (4. perpendicular d. 180° 14. N80°E. (3. 11. 11. 98° 13. S81°E 9. 0. 2  k  6 Exercise 4. 911.  . 2. a. 3) 20 4 11. a. 3 7 (5.5 m/s.  CF  iˆ  jˆ  kˆ. 107° b. AB  CD. a and c are perpendicular 5. a. a. 392N 7. 7x  2y 11. 18N.7N 10.3 km/h.  18.9. (1. 89° 106 c. 0) f. b. 0). (4. 12. a. a. 238N 23. (6. (0.  BD c. a.  PQ b. a. 100N b. 25. 7) e. (7. 1) . S70°E . (5. 1 b. a. 58°. 1300 km. 3). obtuse. 2. 3 c. 480 km. yes 17. (3. 130. 82° b. 15 c. 173. c. 36. 3. 68° upstream to the bank. 9. 1 d. 17 2  38a  •  2 b. a. a.6N.  GD  iˆ  jˆ  kˆ e. a.  BC  1. a. 15a b  24b 11 53  3  b.1.3N. 0). a.   CE. 127° d. 11. 1 d. 5) 4. 90iˆ  35jˆ  35kˆ 4. 2 6. 5iˆ  2jˆ  kˆ b. (5.  DB. 8) 5. 0) d. into b. (5. 7.  d. 108° 16. a. 66 km/h 10. (0. N86°E b. 4). 6) f. 22° 1. (1. a. (17. 7. a. 92N. a. 2.  2 2 2 20.  CA. N20°W. 2) 13. 2iˆ  jˆ  12kˆ c. 19N. 1 3  20. S54°E 6.4 1. 2.7kN 21. w    5. 6.2N d. 4. 6. (15. south 2.  BC   CD   DE. 0) h. vx 14. 1383 km b. 13. AB CD. 29) 5. 25. a. 2. 3) b. 174° to 10N 9. 92 km/h north d. a. 1) b. 1. (0. 10.  u  v  BK AB 2. 2 c. 71° 3 4 Exercise 5. 6iˆ  18jˆ  18kˆ c. y-axis 13. i.  . 87. a. 2 b.9N. a.  . 7. 2 24. 13. (8. 12. 3 14. 2) 15. a. 19 d. greater. 20 20. 3. 18. (9. a.1 c. 0. (2. 55°. 0) b. 0. xz-plane d.3 b . 1. k 4. north c. 5iˆ  2kˆ d. 14 b. 0) 6. 0). 9. a. 0.9N. 7. 83. 3. 0.  e. (2. 71. 300 km. 2. 3 2 (6. 20 15. 20. (0. infinite number 7. 5.  EG  iˆ  kˆ c. (5. 15 km/h south b. 6iˆ  jˆ b.7. 6 b. 375N.9931 b. 55.  tan  F2 6.   . (3.  34 9. 19 b. 3. 360N 20. a. 60° to AB 18. (11. a. 4.  149 7. 1 b. 5) 11. (4. 94. a. 0 5. 6. N54°E 17. 240° c. a. (1. greater. (5. c2  a 29 22. 0) d. 2. a. (9. not perpendi2 cular c. 80 17.6N. 2x  4y c. 1. a. 13. a. 146° to 48N b.

2 . (1. 1 3 . (9. 2 b. 0) d. iˆ  3jˆ  2kˆ b. 89 . 2:1. 7240 J 12. 2 . 22 c. jˆ. 1:2  1089 40 30 80  ˆ ˆ ˆ   c.0 J c. 32819 J 13. 3 Chapter 5 Test 1. 0). a. a. (0. 65 3  49 7. 5:4 b. 3)  18 (4. 3.5 1613   48 32  42 28 1413     1.  82 c.  6 . 3j . 6iˆ  8jˆ  11kˆ d. 14) c. 2.Exercise 5. a. b. 0 4. 0) 6. a. 13 Exercise 6. 1)  1 8 (2. 0. 17iˆ. b. 84 12. 1. 29 J d. 9) 3.2 d. a. 3 b. (1. 3. 602 J 17. 1:2.  4 17. 10 b. 1. a. 16. a. 10 J. (17. 4 8. 1 9. a. 7) b. 89 . a. a. 3. a. a. 0). a. 3) 2  b 2 6.  2 8. iˆ  5kˆ c. c are linearly 1 1 1  b.   2 . 5. 8 9 . b. 3  b. a a • d   b • c   b •  d 7. 96° 4. 89 d. 3) 2.4 5. 1. 8). 0 J 10. 4 3.  0 5. 0). 0. (0. a.  90° Review Exercise 1. (1. 3. (17. a. 12  6  197  c. 29 9. 0. 13 . 5 N b. 3jˆ. (16. 2114 J 15. u ⊥ v b.  13 .  6 . 46 103 d. 1:3 15. 13 b. (2. 2.  u  kv. 8kˆ b. 4). 4k Review Exercise 11 5  1. 3. 0. 2i . 2 . 0. 3iˆ. 22:45 16. k . greater than 225 J 11. 9iˆ  6jˆ  2kˆ 2. 4) 13. (3. (3. 8) 14. a. 2:1 14. 2165 J b. 3 b. 1930  J 18. 36 15. 80 J 14. 88 16. (0. 0. a • c   5. 1:1 b. 13 . 3  1 3  6  3  6   1   1   (0.

9 J.  2  2 for a . (0. a. 30° 2  b 2 a   7. 0 c.  iˆ   jˆ   kˆ 3. perpendicular to the plane of the wrench and the applied force c.  13 1258  1258  1258  4.  u  kv d. nothing f. 5 iii. 185  5. 1562.5 J 6. perpendicular to the axis of the wrench b. a. ii.  u ⊥ v e. 5iˆ  12jˆ  33kˆ 5 12 33 d. b. u  kv 2. 1) b. 129° c. 4 c. a. 2. 33iˆ  5kˆ b.

x  2  2t. a. 1 y  3  5t. 0  t  1 d. 1  t  5 18. (4. 2. 1) 6.  d  (3. a. 2 Exercise 6. 1. 2:3 c. 0). 1:1 b. No 7. a. (1. 2. 7)  t(3. 3 11. r  (4. 21:2 10. a. 5. 0)  t(2. OA  2OB  3OC 2 5 7 7 9  11      8. 0. 4  t(1. 5:2 3. 4) b.2 1 1 3. 6. 4) b. 5) c. 10). 4. 3. 3 b. 1 1 2      kˆ  7u  3v  2 1 w 12. perpendicular b. 5:4 y4 x7 y2 (ii) 4  1 c. (2. 2 10. a. 14:9. a. b a  b 3 Exercise 6. 1:2 4. y  t. a. 2. y  1  t. 3. 2:3 7. 3. 3) 15. iˆ  1 4 u  3 v  42 w. x  5  t. 3:1 c.88uˆ  7. t . y  t. 3 5. r  (0. b. 0. r  (1. yes. 2. 3). 3. OA  3OB  2OC c. (4. 3 13. 1.3 2. 1) b. 1)  t(3. (i) 127° (ii) 11° 15. 0).  0 OP  10 OQ  5. not possible b.17v  0.  OA  8iˆ  3jˆ c. 3). (3. 5. 35) c. (126. 4:5 d. 0) b. 2:9 9. 5. u  0. no 8. a. 6) 7. 2 5. 3) d. (2. 0. (0. a. x  66u 27vˆ  24wˆ 13. 7:3 b. 2 4. a. r  (2. (4. iˆ  jˆ d. 3). 3. 2. 3:4 d. a. x  7  2t. (19. (1. b. b. 1. parallel 11. x  t. 1  1 5 ˆ 3 1 1 b. a. 87° 14.54v b. r  (3. 2. x  1  t.  d  (1. 1 d.61u  0. x  t. a. 1 b. 18) 16. 321u (ii). 3) 9. a. a. 3 c. y  0 b.52vvˆ Exercise 6. no c. 4) b.a. 18) 10. (iii) 9. (4. y  96  65t y3 x  5 b. a. 1) b. 13:4 2  3   5OC c. r  (2. 2 2 b. 0)  t(1. (3. 2 d. a. no 11. parts (i). x  2u  3v  8w  ˆ b. OP 3 3 5 CHAPTER 7 Exercise 7.  d  (4. (11. 7 4. 1) b. a. 0. a. a. 5:3 e. 5. b. 0 b. 9) c. not possible 10. a.  p  4iˆ  5jˆ b. (i)  8  5 11 x CHAPTER 6 2 dependent 3. 3. b. x  7. 0). yes b. 5)  t(7. 4) c. 4:1 e. 9) b. 2. a.  OP  7 OQ  7 OR b.1 4. 2 1 3 10 7 5 b. a. a. 3 c. 2. b. b. 0). (7. a. 1) 3. 0). 10) 4. 1h 12 min c. (11. (5. (1. r  2. 7:2 b. x  24  85t. 3. 1:1 b. (6. 2. yes b. 1. y  3t. (1. (6.  OA  5OB       10. 4. 3) e. a. (0. 5. 0)  t(2. 2:5 d. (1. 0) f. 20:3. 3. y  5 3 8. 2) b.1 2. 33iˆ  3jˆ   123v 6. 4.19w 3 2   OA   OB  6. 2. 0). (1. 3) d. 3 6. x  3  t. OM 2 ON  2 OQ 9. j  14 u  3 v  42 w. a. a and c 8. x  1. (2. 6  1 17. 4:19 Chapter 6 Test 3 10 7  3  OR  1 2. a. 3) 12. a. (3.

(0. 3 y  2 7 12 3 x y  2t  2. 6) d. 0 14. (5. 2). a. x  3t. 1). P. 7 13. 2) 3. 1) d. 3   11. 2 b. r  (5. 1) b. r  0. 1). 0). 5)  t(3. 3  5 b. 6. a. (1. 95. 3). 2)  t(2. 2. a. x2  y2  10x  12y  36  0 11. 3x  y  4  63  0 15. b. 4:7 b. 0 d.  6. 153° 3 3 3 c. a. 4. P(3. P(2. (2.  c. 5). 0) d.  b. (2. 2). x  3t. r  (0. 3x  5y  14  0 9. 1). 3  n  (3. a. x  y  0 4. a. 1:2 14.  n  (1. x  y  6  0 d  (3.2 2. 30 d. 1). P(5. y  2  0 7. 3. 4) d  (0. x  2y  5  0 c. 4). yes Exercise 7. a. a.  d  (2.  b. (1.  c. 8 2 13  53  25 5  75 12. a. 2x  1  0 c. 2x  7y  6  0 b. 2 19. 2)  s(1. 20) c. 3x  2y  18  0 8. 0 c. 2) c. 2) c. 7x  2y  0 d.  14 b. 3). a:b 11 15 10 ANSWERS 555 . 2  t(3. 3x  2y  6  0 d. y5 x 3 y  5t  5. 2x  3y  14  0 c. (4. 2x  3y  22  0 b.  d. 5). r  (5.  n  (1. a. n  (4. 2) 12. x  4y  28  0 b. a.  d  (1. a.

x  2  5s  4t. x  3t. a. 0. 2)  t(14. neither d. parallel and distinct 4. 1. z  5 c. r  (4. y  6  5s  8t. 3)  t(1. parallel b. a plane passing through the mid point of AB and having normal  AB. x intercept is 4 8. a. 2) c. a. 7) 10. (1. 0)  t(0. 1). b. (0. y4 x2 z6      1 2 3 b. (4. 3). 2. 8. 1. 3)  t(5.  6  c. 1) b. 2) 14. r  s(17. r  (2. 3) CHAPTER 8 Exercise 8. 6) 10. (1. (2. z  t 5. cos    . D will be the distance x y z from the origin to the plane 20. a. 1) 5. 0) c. 2). 5. x  9  3t. cos   9. x  3y  z  0 c. a. 0. x  7  t.  A2  B2 A2  B2  C b. (1. a. 1) b. a. a. 1. a. Ax  By  Cz  0 b. a. a. y  t. not parallel 13. 6x  4y  4z  3  0 b. 2. 3). 2. coincident 11. 1. 27). 13). skew d. 2. a. z  2  9s  t c. 5)  t(1. z  1 c. 6. 2). 6. 4 1   116° c. 1. 0. 1 4 1 x  1. 0)  t(0. 3   1 556 A N S W E R S 3. a. 5) 5. perpendicular c. x  4  5s  4t y  6  2s  6t. x  3t. 6  7   2 y4 x6 z2   12. 6. No AC BC   13. r  (7. 35 53  2213  b. (9. a. n  2 8. 4. 2) b. (8. 2)t 6. a. x  6t. 5. y  4  3t. (1. (0. 5) 3. 3x  2y  2  0 c. 1) b. x y z  9. 1). r  (0. 3) 7. 8.  74 1555 Exercise 7. neither c. 1). 11x  8y  2z  21  0 b. r  (0. 90° 15. 1) 21 7. (4. 1. 2).   101° 30  1 8 4 b. a. 2) c. a. 5)  t(2. r  s(1. 3) c. y  2t. z  2  6t. 5. 3. x  t. y  2t.   76°. parallel and distinct e. 1). 6)  t(1. 1. 0). coincident b. parallel and distinct b. 4. 0. 6. 3)  t(11. 4) 3. 20) 14. 2. 1. r  s(1. (2. 8. (1. cos   . 4. 4)  t(3. r  (4. (2. 4) 12. r  (5. 1. 2) 4. 0. 2x  y  4z  0 2. r  (0. parallel to and on the plane b. a. (7. 2. 1) d. 4. 2. 16. x  9  3t. 5. (1. neither parallel nor perpendicular 9. 1). y  2  0 b. 9) c.   90° 13. (7. b  1 7. a. (0. z  t 6.  b. 3.   b. (8. x  3  s  3t. 33) 6. 0)  s(1. 3) b. 32 5. y  4t. a. 0)  t(1. r  (1. 17  17   14°. r  (8. 0)  s(1. 5) c. 12x  8y  13z  0. (3. 0. 4. 5. (3. 5. a. cos  9. 3)  s(2. y  8  2t b. a. neither c. a b  c and c 14. (8. r  (0. a. 1. a. a. 10. 2. 3)  s(5. x  3t. y  4  2t. a. 0. 3)  t(0. r  (6. a. 2. (0. 0. z  3  6t 6. 24. 2. r  (7. a. 3. (10. 4. 3) 11. 1. x  2  t. 9. 1. 4. m  8. 5). r  (0. x  5  2s  4t. (2. (4. P2(1. 38x  33y  111z  103  0 17.Exercise 7. 9x  6y  2z  22  0 7. y  5  s  4t. the point is on the line 11. x  8  5s  2t. 0. 1) c. 5.   96°. 2. z  t b. 1)  t(8. 2)  t(4. cos   0. 5) b. 17° b. 1)  s(3. x y z5      c. a. 0. 15. 2) 3. 1. r  (2. 1. 0)  t(0. x  s. 9)  t(1. 1. cos   9. 0. 0. 7)  s(0. 2. 0)  t(7. y  2t. 5. a. r  (2. b. r  (3. x  y  2z  3  0 3. b. (4. b. 4) b. a. 5) 13 c. y  0. 3)  t(2. 1) 6. 0.2 1. 2) b. (2. 1). 2) c. 3)  t(1. 4. 6x  2y  5z  0 8. a. 4. 2. 10x  11y  10z  50  0 10. 2. 3. (5. x  3t. 6   2 13. a. 0. (2. 7) 8. 1. r  s(1. 2. 0). 2) 4. 0) 12. 1. 2. 17). 7) e. x intercept is 6 12. all points on and between the parallel lines Exercise 8. 1). 2). x  6  5t.  15. 1). 1 11. (5. (9. P1(10. x  4  2t. 2. a. y  1  4t. 5. x  3y  15  0 2. z  3  0 c. c and e are coincident 6. 1. 3. y  2s.3 2. x  7  4s  3t. 0.  24°. z  5  t. coincident b. 4. 0. 1) b. 3x  4y  5  0 b. 5) b. (5. (4. 0). z  3t b. 0)  t(0. 2)  t(3. 1. 6 2 2 15. a. a and f. 22). x  6. 3) b. 1) b. 2. b. y  3t. 2) 15. r  (0. y  1  0 d. 3. (4. 2. 0. 3) c. 0) b. the three points are collinear b. 0. a. 2). 0)  t(4. neither c. y  3  2s  2t. 2)  t(4. r  (2. r  (2. x  2  0 d. z  3  3s  3t b. y  t 4. coincident d. (6. 7. y  2  3s c. 3  A  B Review Exercise 2. y  2  2s  2t. 1) b. 5. 0)  s(7. 3x 10y  4z  4  0 e. not on c. a. 2x  3z  6  0 d. (9. 1) 4. 0. (16. x  3  2s. 1) 7. a  8. parallel to the plane. 1. 0. 1)  t(4. 4) b. r  (0. (1. (8. (3. 7). (6. a. All points in and on the parallelogram    whose vertices have position vectors  a. (4. r  (1. 2)  s(0. 7x  y  z  18  0 b. 0. r  (1. y component is 0 3. (0. 2) 5. (5. z  5  11s  5t d. cos   . 3. 3)  s(1. 5)  s(1. 1. 5)  s(5. 2) c. 3x  8y  z 15  0 c. 4. a. 2. x  5  0 c. 4. 30  30  1 cos    . 23). 2 3 Chapter 7 Test 1. z  7  s  t 13. a. lines are coincident c. D  0 5.  27°. a. y  4  2t. z  6  2t.   69°. 4. r  (0. x  2  0 f. 3. 1)  t(1. 0)  t(0.4 2. 3). 0. 4x  13y  20z  30  0 b. 3)  s(1. 3. 5)  s(5. 1) 16. (4. x  t. 1) b. 0.1 2. a. 5 66  3  t  2 14. y  4  t. 3)  t(2. 4x  y  0 7. a. 4) 5 2 b. z  5  s  7t 9. 12x  8y  13z  0 b. y  2z  0 9. 1) d. 4. same z  1  t 8. P(2. z  2  4s  2t e. 2). (1. a. 0. (1. a  b  c  1 . 1. 3. 3. 0. cos    .   d. z  2  s  4t b. 2)s. r  (5. parallel and distinct 11 d. 4. y  2  t y2 x9  d. r  (4. r  (9. z  0 18. y  0. 5x  y  13  0 b. r  (4. 0) c. 1). x  2y  1  0 c. (7. (20. 1. b. (1. (14. 2.

0) b. 5 1 0 4 3 c. 0. 5) h. 3. the 3 lines are not concurrent c. 4x  y  z  0 21. a. 3 b. yz plane is r  (0. 0. 7 13. y-intercept is 0. no solution. 13 . x  1  5s. 1. line r  (1. 0)  k(55. yes 3. a. 3 b. 2x  3y  11z  33  0 c. 0. collinear 47 27 3. a. x  3y  5z  67  0 b. z)  (2  t. z-intercept is 6. 1 5 0 8 1 5 2 3 0 3 2 6 27 15 25 7. intersection with: xy plane is r  (t. 0) e. s. the 4 planes have no common intersection 8. 1. y  3s. planes form a triangular prism i. z)  (6  t. a. y. x  3y  3  0 1 4. a. x  8  7t. 0) 9. r  (0. 1. 4) b. 0. z)  (7 t. 4x  4y  7z  0 ANSWERS 557 . (2. a. 0) (ii) r  (0. f. coplanar c. 10)  u(8. 2)  t(2. 0)  t(3. a. 8 d. 3. no solution. intersection with: xy and xz plane is r  (t. 8x  8y  12z  15  0 9. 0z  1 (iii) r  (4. xz plane is r  (4. t. r  (3. 5) 6 2. 19 Review Exercise 2. y  6. 1 1 2 3 0 2 5 5 1 0 4 16 6 5 2 4 c. 2x  6y  6z  9 c. 54. (1. y.5 2. 4. intersection with: xy plane is r  (u. 0. x  3y  2z  14  0 9. 1. 4. s). y  3 2t. z-intercept is 0. 3. y  0. the 3 planes are coincident. 0. 2. 1) 5 10 b. 0 (iii) 0.3 1. 2. a. 5x  10y  8. 7 28 56 7 4. Infinite number of solutions. 0  t(3. 2) x  3  4s  4t. 3 planes intersect at the point 3 0 . 0 1 8 2 2 5 3 4 5. 0. d. in R3  2 planes intersecting in the line 1 3 r  . intersection with: xy plane is 1 1 r  t. infinite number of points c. 5. 8. 2 planes are parallel and distinct Chapter 8 Test 1. t b. a. 8x  2y  3z  6. coplanar b. 2)  s(4. x-intercept is 2.  d. yz plane is r  (0. infinite number of solutions intersecting in the line (x. 2. 2. 0. 8 10. a. 17x  7y  13z  23  0 54 4 2 3 22 4 2 11. y  1  s  t. a. 13  19. 6. 0)  t(6. the planes intersect in the line with equation (x. 2. 0. coincident 22. a. 2 8. 4  t(4. 0. 2t) h. . intersection with: xy plane is r  (2. 5. k  2 18. 1. no intersection d. 20) 17. x  6z  4. planes coincident with x  z  4 i. 4)  s(2. 4. 3. 4  u. x  2y  3z  1 e. 6) e. 1) 12 23 43   c. a. 1) 4. 0). a. 1. 1. y  s  4t. 0. 0. 3)  t(1. 5). 0). 3. 0) c. 2. a. 3). a. t) b. a. 5. r  9. 0)  t(1. r  (0. 0. no solution. 1) g. 3) 6. 0. unique solution point (x. r  (10. yz plane is r  (0. 1) e. 0. 1. 0)  s(0. x. 5. 0) c. 0 (ii) 0. (x. 7) d. (0. u) c. 0. 0. (i) 2 . 5. 3. 4 8. (0. 2)  t(0. no value b. a. a. s 2 2 d. one point. 4. 15. intersects the plane at (2. y  9z  0 6. 0. x  1  3t. 55)   b. x  z  14  0 Exercise 8. z  t b. 2. z  3t c. 9. a. 2) 7. no solution b. 2 parallel planes 2 2 c. y  6z  4 b. x  4z  0. 0. 1 230 37  14  5   9 14. 1. (4. 0)  t(0. 0z  0 c. 2 7     b. 16. 2)  s(5. yes b. 15 . r  (0. 7x  2y 4z  13  0 6. . y. xz plane is r  (4. the origin 7 (0. z  2  s  2t 3. y. 8. 2 5 0 4 0 6 12 15 10 6. a. s). 0. 5)  t(1. a. 6  3u). yz plane is r (0. 1. 0. 4. 0)  t(15. z  3 b. intersection with: xy plane is r  (4. 0)  t(1. 0). 4x  5y  14z  0 c. (0. 2) b. parallel c. a. no points. a. r  s(1. y-intercept is 4. k 9 Exercise 8. 24)  p(0. line is parallel to the plane. 0). 1)  t(2. 5. u). and the third is parallel and distinct g. x  0. 4. 3x  4y  z  1  0 b. r  (1. 5     c. xz plane is r  (u. 0) 13 1 d. 8x  2y  z  18  0 e. 4. y. parallel 3 7 1 12 4 3 2 4 b. 14. 1 3 . 27) 5. x  8. 2) c.Exercise 8. y  1  4s. z)  (2. r  (1. unique solution. u) 11. 16. coplanar d. yz plane is r  0. 0. (0. 0). 4. 1) 5. 0). z  11  10t d. 55. 1)  t(3. y  z  6  0 d. (5. 2 planes are coincident. r  (7. 2. 1) f. 0). 2. 0. 0. 0)  t(3. 4.  12. 8. z  4  2t d. x-intercept is 3. (5. 1. 1). line r  (5. 1. planes are parallel c. b. 5. 14  t. a. y  5z  5. 0. 1  t) e. 4. x  0. t. no c. x  4z  9. u. a.  b. 6 9. (0. 3 b. 5. no solution. r  (0. 0. z  7  0 f. will never intersect in a line c. a. 2u. (1. x  7  5t. no solution. 1)  t(4. y-intercept is 12. 4. r  s(1. (9. a. z  s  5t e. (i) r  (1. 0. 2. 2 c. 2. k  9 c. no 3. no d. 1. 27x  11y  7z  53  0 20. 2) d. planes are parallel 2. r  4. 3 distinct parallel planes c. no solution. or an infinite number of points 7 3 7 14 2 5 7. 0. xz plane is r  (s. 0) b. in R2  2 lines inter1 3 sect in the point 2. no solution. 2) 253 106 154   7. 0) 4. 2 of the planes are parallel and distinct f. 0. 3 1 5 12 b. 0. a. z  2  2s  t b. 3.  .4 2. 15  b. y  1. x  2s  t. z  t e. 0) 3 5 2 1 5 2 1 3 0 5. no solution. 1) c. t. y  t. 2). triangular prism f. 0. a. y  1  t. 1. 1  t. 3y  4z  6 d. r  (0. 2x  y  0 8. line r  (1. 4. 3)  t(3. 3. k  5 or k  4 5. one point b. planes are perpendicular and intersect in a line b. x  s  3t. point (2. (5. 4.  c. yes b. a. is and z-intercepts are each 0. k 2 9 b. 3. infinite number of solutions. x-intercept is 4. t.

. 100. (6. a. act} d.. C3C4. 2. B  {cat. 2. 100} Q  {7. 12. w. cf. 2. 14  b... ae. b. be. af}. df.. C(1. 2x2  12x  3y  12  0 11. M4D2. a. r  22 2. the locus is a circle with equation (x  5)2  (y  8)2  13 5 12. 97. a  2b. 11 . cf. PD  9 7. C4C5} 4. z)  (3. r  3. ac. 21 km or 11 km 5. m. q. 3. 2. 1) c. (x  3)2  (y  2)2  20 7. b 2 2109  25. p. f. y  x. 2. 5)  13. 001. 1). xy plane at (1. 2 17. ad. 3) 10.... 2x  3y  3z  12  0 15. part of a circular arc k 3. 0) 6. 9) b. y. a. 111} b. isosceles d. a. 2x  5y  15  0 15. 2. 3 8. 35 Exercise 9. r  (1. b. M2D2. M3D1. a. 98. planes intersect in a line with equation r  (0. n(H)  900 14. af. j. point b. a. (x  5)2  (y  5)2  25 12. G4. t) CHAPTER 10 Exercise 10. 0. A  {act. 0. 12 5. 71. B in envelope y. cta. k. Circle 5 558 A N S W E R S 25 a a atc act cat tac cta e. circle c. n(F)  31 c.  F: subsets that do not have a 1 7. tac. 87. 2) 8. (0. y  3 9 11 10. V  {ab. a. 3. 2). 3). . 33 21. no intersection 5 3 1 b. 7) 5. x2  3y2  48y  144  0 8. y  2x  6 c. x2  (y  4)2  68 125 11. a. 0). (0. 7x  9y  21 or 7x  9y  17 9. y. af... 11 . y  3  t. ce. (4. 5) 54 7. 2.1 1. 5. v. a. 9}. x.  A: words not beginning with a B : words that do not end in t 6.. 011.  c. 1) c. 1) 6. (24. e. 61x2  78xy  25y2  16 2. 6:5 b. 11. 011. 3. y  x  3 (y  1)2 3. a. 111} d. c  {1. atc}. 2. 3. C1C3. a. 101. a. . ae. equation of locus is y2  2xc  c2  k2  0 4   B1 1 . F2. no. bf. a sphere with C(1.  3  with a radius of 27 16. 1:4 Exercise 9.. x2  y2  9 b. 2 12. 0). ad. P  {71. E  {001. x  2y  2z  20  0 17. l. C3C5. {C1C2. z). t.. 2 20. a. 8) 23.6. (x  1)2  (y  4)2  16 c. C1C4. (A. 3. 0)  t(1. a.. x2  y2  x  y 1  2  0 Review Exercise 1. 2. A in envelope x. bd. M2D1. n(V  )  21 5. 13. 8 7. 2. M1D3.   24. n. n(G)  667 d. ef} b. 0. D1. x  12 6. c  {1. the locus has equation x2  16y2  64 3  6. PD  6. 3. 70. bf. 2 9. (5. a b c b. . 99} A  {17. n(E)  142 b. n(U)  6 c. the locus is a circle with its centre at 1. 6 14. z  t 5 5 b. V  {a. act. r. 11  3 1 22. x  2 4. (0. C1C5. a. U  {1b. planes intersect in the line (x. t. k 1 (iii) k  1 b. (x  3)2  (y  2)2  25 2.. isosceles b. 010. cd. U: 100a  10b  c. x  9. x2  y2  1 2. C2C4. ef} 11. A1 1 . (6. a. a. 52 m2 10. 9 7. 27. 2 18. 5:6 5. 100. (2. a circle with C(1. (0. u}  V  {b. df. de. a. 1 1 . 72. x  1  t. P : integers less than 71  Q: integers that do not end in 7 8. z)  (t. (6  43)x  (3  23)y 8. h. (2. C):(x.. a. M2D2. 11 . h  3 b. n(u)  8 c. 0 4. 4). U tca CHAPTER 9 Review of Prerequisite Skills 2 a. b. a. . 5. U  {000. M2D3. 1 b. imaginary circle 3. U: 100a  10b  c. C2C3. 3). 2. 101. 100} F  {001. 010. 23  2 13. 0) 26. a. R: multiples of 5 S: integers from 53 to 76 inclusive  R: integers not divisible by 5 b. S: multiples of 10 S: integers not divisible by 10 n(S)  100. 010. 6. a square is not prime b. xz plane at (2. (5. i.. PB  6.. 110.1 1. 4)  5(2. . 97} c. 2. E4. 3) and r   13 b. 4 4. 0). PD  7. ae. C(1. 1. W  {ab. a. g. 1   5 14. 2. d.. . 36.. 97} 2. (1  3)y  (1  3)x 19 c. the circle has equation (x  3)2  (y  6)2  8 5. M4D3} 3. 1. 2. z} n(V)  5. 0) 19. x  4 b. y  5 c. right-angled 7 7 9 3 a. b. 3. no. 17. 110. a. 72. y. B. M3D2. 2 4. 3) and r  3 3. atc} b. PB  9. 37. PD  2. x  y b.. 5 4. tca. 27. C(2. 2. 2 11 9 7 17 9 Exercise 9. n(A)  56 n(B)  168 12. isosceles c. M4D1. n(u)  15 c. 53 PB  7. 8)  5(2. 79. r  5 b. U  {M1. (x. 11  3 Chapter 9 Test 1. opposite side 14  Cumulative Review Chapters 4–8 8 8 5 3. M3D4.3 2 3. . yes 14. 103 93 60   yz plane at (0. c. 73. ad. U  {cat. ac. bc. n(S )  900 9. r  3 7 4 4 c. s.  10 6. y.4 1. n(B)  217 13. C in envelope z . there are composite numbers that are not squares 10. x2  (y  2)2  4 16. C0. C2C5. 6 9. PB  2. y  x b. U  {10. the required point is 2. ac. 9} n(A)  81. o. 5)  t(1. 7 6  73 7. 1. (i) k  2 (ii) k 2.

626 102 c. 4) c. ADBC. 7188478660 14. (6. 2) P(4. n(A)  8. 734 Exercise 10. 456976 b. 14515200 8. n(G  F)  143. ABDC. 4! 6. 11000 b. ppqqp. 3). n(A)  3. 756 10. 100 c. 36 10! e. B. n(U)  5000211. (b. n(C)  748683 n(D)  708588 c. a. U  {ABCD. acbd. qpppq} 9. ppqpq. n(A)  263169. 686 e. ACDB. 208 16. abdc} 6. n r r 21. n(F)  6 n(E  F)  9. n(A)  4 P(10. 5040 b. CAD. a. 9 4 5 5 2 5 1 1 7 b. 162 13.. a. (6. P(5. 384 18. (a  1)(b  1)(c  1) b. ABE} G  {ABC. b. 463474 2. 6) b. n(U)  9!. odd numbers less than 64 c. qppqp. CDAB. 4). CBDA. {12. (4. abdc. qqppp} b. CED. 4 6. a. n(C)  6. sequences starting and ending with p d. m(m  1)(m  2) b. r  2). mr 22. 126 f. 16}. odd numbers from 33 to 63 inclusive 16. a. pqpqp. ppqpq. 1) 8. ACDB. 2 14. 16 c. 6! 6! b. CAE. (b. BADC. 35280 c. BDCA. 18 3. 4136. BDE. CABD. 3 106 6. DCAB} S  {ACDB. P(3. CADB. 3505 f. 7 b. a. 3066 5. n(G  F)  1 3. 789507 4. 220 7. r). n(A  C)  3. ADE. CADB.3 4 1. c. 34220 c. (3. n10 c. 9 d. 15. 56 e. n(U)  6561 3. r odd n r1  2 23. a. 600 14. a.  54! d. a. n(A)  P(n  1. 4). a. 64 108 2. n(A 6. ABD. no 2. 3) n(B)  3 P(n  2. 2) 11. 7 c. C  D  {pppqq. 3655 b.(A. 2828. 263 103 b. c).  100 7. 1024 11. DACB. 5). 6 c. 216 58 9 11. a. n(B)  11. CBE. 3) 132! 4  14. BCE. ppqpq. a. (m  r  1) b. 1242. a. a. ppqqp. n(B)  16P(38. n(B)  360. n11 b. DACB. a. 200 b. 60 5. ACD. qqppp}. n(E  F)  7 4. n(B)  25 n(A  B)  5. no c. DCAB} R  S  {ACDB. 172 14. a. DACB. 4717440 3. ABD. BCAD. cbad. 15 e. b. 9. ABDC.  1242 12. (c. 1) P(98. 4536 d. DABC. qpqpp. 224 5. (b. ADCB. a. 6) 5. 2r1 b. U  {pppqq.  10  3. a. a. 30 7. 21 c. 12.. 5). all four sets have a common element b. pqqpp. a. b. n(V  W)  34 7. n  22 365n Exercise 10. 7 12. 2). 8987928 9. P(6. 128 d. b. a. 48 4. 9 c. A  B =  c. a. 249 10. 6344000 d. qppqp. (2. U  {ABC. P(10. (2. 122 d. {3. 4). (5. 800 3. 553280 9. b) Exercise 10. n(G)  5!. BDAC. yes 12. n(B)  8. qpqpp. 3r2  9r  6 15. 6 11! d. ABE. no. DCBA} R  {ABCD. C  D  {ppqqp. 0 e. abdc. 81 15. 98) P(10. dbca} A  B  {abcd. CBAD. DACB. 271 8.71% 365 • 364 • 363 • . 1976 13. pqpqp. n(E)  6. 24 Exercise 11. 3 P(5. 62 4. n(U)  3. 3r2  3r  1 b. 100 3 4 2 d. 64 b. 18 6. no d. 3 5 a  18.4 1. BCD. ADBC. 6 19. ABE} F  G  {ABC} 10. pqpqp.3 1. 11. 6)} B  {(1. 7 P(n. 32 Review Exercise 2. ACBD. 20 8. 2 (6!)2 c. b. 720 10. a. 7 5. 5040 b. CDAB. sequences starting with p or ending with p c. ABD. (c.5 1. 2r2 c. pqppq.. DBCA. 6). (a. 727 CHAPTER 11 Exercise 11. 3 f. 2970 7. acbd. F  {ABC. 49 6. 1324 hours 1 11. a. n(A)  360. CDAB. 8 9! 16. n(B)  6.2 1. a. pqqpp. {qqppp. ADCB. 15} c. b. 1333 b. n(A  B)  4. pqppq. ADBC. n(B  C)  3. 96 10! 10. 3 210 7. 2. n(A)  P(n  1. DACB. 13. c. n(U)  P(n. 10 20. pqppq. n(A  B  C) = 1 17.2 7 1 1 1 1 9 1. r) 17. c. pqqpp. 63 b. r even n 2 . CDAB. 3276 10. pqpqp.   b. b. 1800 c. a. 226 e. 28 d. n(U)  P(40. n(E  F)  3 16. 29701 13. 66351 8. ANSWERS 559 . 3).  n  1 3. CDBA. pqpqp. 3 2r2 6. n(U)  33 12. n(A  B)  2. n(U)  360. 8 106.29% c. 11111111110 b. n(A)  8. ADCB. n(B)  (r  1) P(n  2. a. CADB. integers divisible by 3 or greater than 10 e. 54 c. CDE} c. BCD. DCAB} )  6 3. b. 1 2 g. n()  66. 1123200 c. n(A)  10. a. a. qppqp. (c. 26970 n  1 h. r  1). BCDA. A  {(1. n(B)  125. u  (A  B)  (A  B )   B)  (A   B)  (A Exercise 10. F  G  {CBA. b. CDE} b. n(U)  P(n. DABC. 1 1 3. 72.1 1. 12 4. 20 b. adbc. ACD. CABD. BCE. 196 4. 64 Exercise 11. ACBD. a). yes b. {1234} 12. qppqp. m(m  1)(m  2) . ACDB. 2) 4. 5). 1). 97. 85 c. DCAB. a). 105 13. 4) 1 d. 8! 16! 7. qpqpp. 512 b. 142 c. m3 21. n(A  B)  160 5. 10626 9. 1 0 b. A  {abcd. a. a. n(A  B)  9 7. b. 5)  45 P(10. b). ADCB. ACBD. 6. 90 b. 1)} b. 4464 16. C):(a. 20160 f. 9864100 c.7% 19. CDAB. pqqpp}. a). 340 b. DBAC. 5). a. (4. b. b). 2). 18 2. 5) e. qpqpp. (366  n) 23. a. a. 14. 13. 48 7. qpppq. n(F)  4! d. a. CBD. (3. 14 9. 28560 9. a.  a1 20. 256 c. P(9. a.  144! 15. BACD. n(A)  5. n(C)  660 3 1  c. n(U)  720. 12 h. n(U)  720. 110 g. 1100 c. a. 6 e. no 5. n(U)  17576. ppqqp. dbac. r  2) n(C)  2(r  1) P(n  2. 358800 c. ABDC. P(6. (5. 402 b. a. 300 15. pqqpp} D  {ppqqp. 5). 6 d. a. adcb} B  {abcd. 36 4. n(C)  15600 c. ACE. 16 8. CABD. a. a. 16 9. CADB. n12  (n  1)12 4. 252 b.. 62  61 17. b. (n(T))n(s) 24. DABC. ADCB. n(C)  P(40. 628 62! 8 8 b. 4 e. DCAB} R  S  {ABCD. c). n(A  B)  16 b. 16 6. 6859000 5. 8 d. qqppp} C  {pppqq. 35820200 2. cbda. 3710 Chapter 10 Test 1. n(C)  6 P(n  2. ACE. 2). n(A  B)  30 2. n(A)  3380.

n(B)  12. 1005 b. a. 7776 6. 460 c. 45 c. 415800 b. t10  31. . 210 b. 35 c. a. 225 10 8. (4!) b. no b. a.  100 . Review of Prerequisite Skills 1. 31974 d. 6. 01111. 2520 c. a. R3. C). 00011. 2      nr  33 3r!! Chapter 11 Test 1. a. 180 4. B). 1  2  3  . 20 10. 10. R3. R2. a. none if n is odd. 30 3. 189000 4. 30 b. a. C). A). 75600 e. c. (R1.        2  • 95 24. (R2. b.  1200 32340 14. 78 21. 462 b. R3. B). 1024 16 ! 4 13.. 4800 4. 151200 35 12!  c. a. a. (R1. 120 d. b. 1  2  3  . 42  52  62  72  82 100  c. 128 b. 300 7. B). 128 c. a. (12. a.   13. a. R3. a. R3. C). (R2. 200 c. 26 7. (R1. a. 600 2. 2 b.  10 b. R3. a. 682 7. a.. 0 b. 10001 b. 2 if n is even 18.  b.  128 6. a. 6720 b. f are Geometric c. (R2.. 45360 d. (R1. 90 20. 45 19. 450 5. 5 15. 3. 768 12. 33972 n(n  3) n 17. 2 6 5.  2k). R3) 16. R2. a. 1140 b. (R1.. 378 11. 975 c. 2 1 11. R2. d. 455 CHAPTER 12           49 48 24 24 25 d. yes 4657  b. (R1. a. 14. k is an 12      c. a. 2600 Exercise 11. (R1. 6 5 6 3 3 12. 15. 47 10. 1333 366  703 266  111 106 560 A N S W E R S 15 100 30 i1 i1 i  50 i1 2. d are something else 2. S10  175 3. 495 b. e are Arithmetic. 21. R2. 32 2. 1440 60   15  60 300 300 4 15. A). 3 • 2n2 8. A). bn  a  2(n  1)d 5. 20160 9. 45 b. 32973 e. a. 0  r  10 324 2592 16 r 16. c.4 1.  4 (4!) 10 31 9 5 c. b. n(C)  19 b. a.  n 5. a.

495 b. 70560 f. 81 c. 105 b. a. 324 4. 103 d. 10. 7 g. ai 1 1 1 1 Exercise 12. . a. 151200 b. 105840 d. a. 256 b. a. 2 r! b. 247 5. 192 d. 3! r r2 r3     25 1. 99990 h. 2  r2 r1 r2 n2 n2 n3 1 r! c. 6 f. 16 h. 6 c. 90 g. 369 e. a. 60 n2 n1 n2 8. 117 f. 2016 f. 40951 3. 952 g. a. a. 15 d. 13440 g. b. 104 f. 19 103 e.3 20. 28 e. 141120 2. 30240 g. a. 15120 c. 2k  1 Review Exercise 1. 64 c. 784 e. a. 2520 b. 59 c. 56 d. a. 67 b. 9 104 c. cdabe 9. 10080 e.

i b. .

3 2i1 c. .

i2 d. .

3. 63 months 10. r1  31. 56 22. k  k 998 r ! (2n)! 8. 8 316 7. • 5. 1081575 d. 1 9. A →  5 . x2  x  1. r3k1  3. 8!4! 4!4! 8!4!  1 n1 d. 1. 1. nr  (n  1)r 6. a  2d for n odd. a. 2046. 264 5. no 16. 5 c. 15360 15.4 1. 1. gn  9. 26k  25k 2. 1. c.  (r  1)! 7. 2 13. (1)k k d. r60 n n 10(10  1)  9n 10(10  1)  9n 10(10n  1)  9n 8. 16 b. 36036 c.5. 5 3. 225 3. a. rP(n  1.4n1 b. r3k1  4 11. (1)k 5 2 x c. a. 36 19. 1  x   8x3 10. 1  6x  15x2  20x3  15x4  6x5  x6 c. a x d... 145 b. 3  4x. n  2 7. 286 b. Tn  3. 81 k n n1 (a)[1  (r)n]  9. 2300. 15  16x 2. 2 (n  2) (n  2)! 9. x4  8x3y  24x2y2  32xy3  16y4 d. 3. x7  7x5  21x3  35x  x  x 3  x5  x7 f. 32 8. a if n is odd. 1 5 0 1 2 n 23. 9. 26 b. a. x. 7  8x.13 6. n  1 14. 2  10. 3 16. 4 9.  (1  r)2  1  r integer. 201 20. 5. 4. 10 17. a.  b!c! a   3 3  f. 90720 6. b. a. a. . 7. 810 b. 528 11. no term containing a10 14. a. Exercise 12. x  1. 1.2 32 ! 20 ! 12 ! 12 ! ! 12 !    8  21. 6 10 k 203k 2z b. 2. 3 16. 4. perimeter is infinite n n n n 8    . 196 13. 81.  n1 narn n(4n2  12n  11) a(1  rn)   14. (1)k 3x k 20 20 k k 13 13k 2k 10 b. 2 3n1 c. 1. bn  2 23  17. z36 does not occur in the expansion e.4n1 c. tn  27  5n b. t2i1   n1 i1 Exercise 11.   2n 18. s  a if n is even 13. bn  2bn1 e. 2 n r  2 bc1 (b  c)!  11.  a305k k k k      12 4. r  1) 4 o e n n2 ( n  1 ) !  b. xn  0.1 1. 27  Exercise 12. (1)  2 k k     12kxk b. 3 7x2   . b. 2n 10. 0 for k  1 or 2 L1 n1 n 3.  1r n n(n  1)  11.  20!12! c. a5  5a4b  10a3b2  10a2b3  5a4b  b5 b. t4  54648a15 b. t6  8064z35 c. 41 b. a. 3268760 4 23 15 k k e. An   4n . a. 11 2 x   15. Gn  9 • 22n3. 13. 1  5s2  10s4  10s6  5s8  s10 7 1 35 21 e. 5200300 f. a. a. $22053. x3  x2  x  1 x4  x3  x2  x  1 d. 6  k  6 c. 0 d. 728 12. z15  5z12 b2  10z9b4  10z6b6  5z3b8  b10 25 25 2. 2. An → 0 3n  310  1 1 9(316   1)     1 6. a. a.5 1. 924   1 Exercise 12. a. G1  31. a. 9. fn(x)   1  nx c. c. r3k  3. 2d for n even. 6118 12. a. 101  k for 2  k  100.  2 39 b. a. 10!10! 10!2! d. 1  2x.

 r2  1 6. 1  4x  10x2  20x3. 15 3. a. Un  . 1  8x  40x2  160x3. 53.999Un1  100000 b. 924 7. 576 Cumulative Review Chapters 10–12 1. 2 (k  3)(k  2)(k  1) d.  2x 3! f. (1  x) 1  1  x  x2  x3  x4  . grow c. Gn  ar 2 .. a. 1  3x  6x2  10x3..  9 (1  2 ) n1 4. 17. 28. 485 6 a. 1  r  4. a..  299 b. neither n 1  1  rn  . a. 33. 5. An  a  1r   5. (a  ( n  1)d) . 10. a. 1  15x  135x2 945x3.. neither. (1)k(k  1)xk (k  2)(k  1)xk c. 82 10. (1  x)2  1  2x  3x2  4x3  5x4  .  • 25 6..  2 n r r k k 36. a. escapes on the 9th move 1 n1 8. 5 450 c. 32 20 4. An  a  2 • d. 1. tn  1. 924. 4 18. 2n b. a. b.. 40. h → 2. 1413720 c.. 420 9. 684420 2. 5! 5    ANSWERS 561 . 1 Chapter 12 Test a2(r2n  1)  3. (1  x)1  1  x  x2  x3  x4  . xk b. 495 b.19. 1  2x  3x2  4x3. hn  hn1  3 9 1 2n2 . 20 c.. arithmetic n Gn    a(a  d)(a   2d) . 30000 7. (k  4)(k  3)(k  2)(k  1) (1)k  3kxk 4! Review Exercise 299  1 6(450  1) 2 98    1. a. An  An1  3 3 b. $3840 b. a. (1)k  xk 3! (k  3)(k  2)(k  1) k k e. 3n 8. (1  x)2  1  2x  3x2  4x3  5x4  . 7 nk 29. (1  3x)7 28. a. (n  1)(n)  31. a. 25560 5 r for r  5. 161. 155 11. a.01tn1  200. 969 3. 924 19. 12.. A → 8 16. 0 17. 1  x  x2  x3. t1  4000 2. 0. geometric b.. 64 b.