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CHAPTER 1
Exercise 1.1
1. true 2. f(5)  31 is prime 3. true 4. a. not prime for n  5
b. not prime for n  11 c. not prime for n  41 5. true 6. not true
7. true 8. Not true 

2. For sector angle of s°, 
360 3. a. 3:4 b. 4:9 c. 7:10
81
4. a. 9:16 b. 1:9 c. 1:8 d. 1:9 5. a. 4 cm b. 8 cm 6. 4 cm2
7. 2 cm 8. 36

Exercise 3.1
1. 8 2. 12 3. 7 4. 16 5. 3  43 6. 213 
7. 421 
14. 24

Exercise 1.3
9. a. 540° b. 180(n  4)°

Exercise 3.2
1. a. 62.5° b. 60° c. 42°, 118° d. 90° 8. 16

Exercise 1.4
3. a. 3x  y  11 b. x  6y  10 e. they are concurrent
4. a. 3x  4y  12 b. x – 2y  6 c. (0, 3)
e. they are concurrent

Exercise 3.3
2. ∠ACD  50°, ∠BCA  ∠ADB  30°, ∠DAC  ∠DBC  70°,
∠CED  ∠BEA  100°, ∠BEC  80°, ∠BAC  ∠BDC  30°
3. A, D, F, E; B, D, E, C 5. 100° 12. 1260°

Chapter 1 Test
4. 29°

Exercise 3.4
1. AC  12, OA  13 2. a. 24 b. 65° c. 120° d. x  65°,
y  115°, z  50° 7. 20 9. 22 12. 6

CHAPTER 2

Exercise 3.5
55
1. a. 9 b. 3 c. 32 d. x  50°, y  80°, z  40°
e. x  y  30° f. x  70°, y  220° 2. ∠DEF  50°,
∠EDF  66°, ∠DFE  64° 4. a. 3 b. 6 c. 22 5. a. 4
b. 27 c. 9 d. 4

Review of Prerequisite Skills
9
3 

1. a. 120 b. 60 2. a. 204 b. 151
3 3. 168 4. 96 6. 15° 7. 3 5
Exercise 2.1
2. a. AE  AD 3. a. ∠DEF b. AC
Exercise 2.2
2. gmTQVU  gmTVRU  gmTPUV
Exercise 2.3
2. a. 1a, e, f are true b. converse of 1a, c are true c. 1a
3. b, e are true
Exercise 2.5
2
2
1. a. 1:3 b. 1:4 c. 1:2 d. 1:3 e. 1:2 f. 1:4 2. a. 25 b. 63 c. 4
3
1
3. a  34, b  53 4. PT:SQ  4:3 7. 5:4 9. 1:36
Exercise 2.6
1. c, e, f, g, h 2. AC  24, BC  30 3. 40, 50, 65 cm 4. 3.5 m

1 


5. XY  6 6. a. 441 b. 360 7. 2:7 16. 
DB  4

Review Exercise
2A
1. c, d 2. P  2L  L 3. 3:4 4. 72 5. a. 2:5 b. 4:25
7. a. 2:25 b. 2:15 9. y  6.0 10. a. 1:2 c. ADE:rect
1
ABCD  1:8, ABF:rect ABCD  1:6 11. 45 14. 124
18. 3:11 19. 1:2 21. 21
Chapter 2 Test
8
2. a. 120 b. 6 c. 40 d. 12 3. MY  41
3 4. 288 6. 100

CHAPTER 3
Review of Prerequisite Skills

50

100

1. a. 36, 9 b. 144, 24 c. 25, 9 d. 100, 3 e. 49,
49 

80   

2 f. 64, 9

Review Exercise
24
7
1. a. x  60°, y  100° b. x  45°, y  135° 2. a. 5 b. 3
c. 2
15 d. 50° e. 105° f. 38° 5. ∠ACD  60°,
∠AEB  ∠DEC  95°, ∠BEC  85°,
∠BAC  ∠BDC  25°, ∠ADB  ∠BCA  20°,
∠DBC  ∠DAC  75° 9. 12  
39 12. ∠HED  60°,
1
1
90°  x
∠HDE  522°, ∠EHD  672° 14. 20 15. 2
16. 20° 18. 30 21. ∠x  60°, ∠y  65°, ∠z  55°
Chapter 3 Test
16
1. a. 50 b. 43 c. 3 d. x  120°, y  80° 2. 40° 3. 9
Cumulative Review Chapters 1–3
1. 9.45 3. 2x2  3x  5 5. a. EBF  8 b. quad AEFD  16
6. partial circle 15. 4:9 18. 6 20. 60° 24. 4.6

CHAPTER 4
Review of Prerequisite Skills 
3 

1

1 

3 

4 

 

1. a.  
e. 
2 b. 2 c. 2 d. 3
2 f. 1 2. 3 3. 7.36,
6.78, 50° 4. 34°, 44°, 102° 5. 5.8 km 6. 8.7 km

Exercise 4.1 
 
2. Vector: a, c, g, j, l 3. a. EF
CB b. 
FE, 
AB, 
DE    

d. AB, BC e. FD, EB 5. a. 45° b. 135° c. 90° 8. a. 
AG 

b. 
GF c. 
AF d. 
CA e. 
GA 9. a. 
AB  
DC b. 
1  
 2PD 
d.  
  10, 37°;
c. BD
AP  2AC
10. 10.9° 11. a 
  5, 180°; c = 
b
29, 112°; d  5, 217°; e  3, 90°

553

5) c. Pythagorean Theorem 2  b 2  2a b  cos cosine law b. 4. (4. 3 Exercise 4.  BC   CD   DF   FE b. 1035N 22. h.7. 18) 554 A N S W E R S c. 2. 0) b.  . 90° 2.9.  EC d. 3) 10. 2) c. (2. AB  CD 10. (12. 0) e.8. N62°E 12. (21. 396. 309° f. N82°W  1 12  2 1 F d. 90°   180° 9. 7. (0. (13. (3.8) d. 27. 9. 76y d. 4. b  ku u  v Chapter 4 Test 3. 37° to a 10. a. 0) 10. 77 km/h north c. 2. a line parallel to the z-axis through (1. (0. 3x  y b. 173N 19. 0 d. (2. 2iˆ  3jˆ 3kˆ 6. j. 62) b. 32° to 15N 7.2 2. 7 17  17  17  3 4 12 18.  PR 4. 9) d. (0. 3. 0) c.8 7. 3.  u ⊥ v b. 3 10. south b. 5 b. 4 2 3 2 2 3 6 16. a. north d. a. (5. 167 km/h. 3 9 9 6 2 3 18 41  b.4N 16. 28. N30°E c. (4. a. 54. a. 2 b. 3. a. 55° d. 7).6.  DH  iˆ  jˆ. 13) 7.9N. 937. 513N 10. a. a. 25 e.  BG   EG. S25°E b. 3) i. 52. 2.  AG c.  8. N13°E 6. 204 km/h. 6. 32N b. 2iˆ  7kˆ 5. 103N 11.0) f. 389.  BH  jˆ  kˆ. 20) l. 7. 32) 3. 66 m b. 29. 451 km/h c. xy-plane e. xz-plane f. 16) d. 2 min 55 sec 8. 8) k. xy-plane b. 3) b. 3 18. 77 km/h south 4. w x y 18. into 3. 12 m/s 14. 0. 270° c. 6) b. (6. 7. not perpendicular 4. 11  2 Exercise 5. y  22 a  22 b 17. 6. (3. 2iˆ 3jˆ 3kˆ d. 10N. N56°W 8. iˆ  jˆ  kˆ FE  iˆ  jˆ . c. (4.1 2. a  kv. a. (5.5 km. 4 19. 47. 2.   10  10  6. 15) f. 2).5kN. 0. 1). k  R 19. 5. (5. 9) b. x-axis c.4 b. a b  b. e. 2iˆ  jˆ  kˆ b. a.8N. 5. 32N 9. Yes Exercise 4. 6) d. 12. yz-plane c. 58. 294N. 6) d. a. 15. 4. (0.6 km b. 1 3 . 2. 8° with 12N and 32° with 5N forces 11. 7 Exercise 5. acute. 108N b. vy  5. 9. 14 c. 0°   90° c. a. (2. 140 km/h 14. 4jˆ  kˆ d. a line with x  y  z 11. (6. 2iˆ  jˆ  5kˆ c. 1 1 . 11. 1420N  6. 1) 1 3 c. yz-plane d. 0 23. 25 c. 24° to v b. a. 10° off the starboard bow 25. 10. 6. 9) 12. 0N. 2) 17. a. 125° 24. a. distributive property 5.3 2. a. (10. 7. 320 km. a. 60° b. 150° b. 94N. 0N 15. a.9N. 7 5 5 1 16. 8. 520 km SW. (1.1 17. 73° 9. 1. 60° 18. 11 . 0 3. 2N. 1. 42. 12. 6) f. a. 879.9 knots. u y  5. 0 b.  34      CD  b. 8. N32°E Review Exercise a2  b2 7. N5°W 7. 1. 6) c. y  3 z  3 14. 3) b. (2. 15. a. 11  1 1 1 15 1 1 1 17 72   b.  19. a. 3iˆ  4jˆ  3kˆ c.  AH  iˆ  jˆ  kˆ. (5. 19 c. scalars are a. 120° e. 2. a. 0) 1 d.6. 0) e. 35. out c. a. b.12. 4. u    10.  AC b. 6jˆ c. (1. 1. 13). (45.1N. x  1 1 a  11 b. a  272 b. a. 5N. 15° to 8N b.7N. 100 s 15. b. (3. (183. z-axis e. (13. vectors are f. 10) c. 2. a. 10. b 13. 1. N69°E b. a. 5iˆ  2jˆ b. (1. 6 f. a. 62 1. 2.5. 3.  30 c. (3. 57. 5. 37° d. 4. 38° 24.5 N 6. (62. a.3N x  0.  d.2N.  DK   AD. 7 b. a. 14) b. 1 1 . (5. 23) f. (6. 1) b. (0. 13  b. 33 c. a. 1 h 5 min 13. not possible 3. 20) c. 52 b.8. on the z-axis b. AB AB   CD. 0. a. a.2 . 0 b. 3 c. 4a 2  b 2 15.  BC   EC 3. (5. 11) 22. 1 c. a. 2. b.  17 b. 90° 8. 0. 6 min 5. a. 72°. a. a. 80N 12. 5iˆ  3jˆ  15kˆ 2  1 5 3      12. 0. 8) g. 290 km/h. iˆ  6jˆ 3. W b. less. a. 7. 79N b. 3). 640 knots. 21) e. 510 km/h 11. jˆ  kˆ b. 8. (6.  11 b. 2. 6. a.1750 8. a.  CH  iˆ  kˆ. a. 4. a. 9. S44°E CHAPTER 5 Exercise 5.       AB CD c. 36N 3. 605N. (4. 5) j. 6. (7. perpendicular b. F   F  2 . 5N 5. 6iˆ  jˆ  7kˆ b. 47 min 16. 0) d. 5 h 25 min 13. 51° to  u 5. a.4 2. 15. 0. 7u  6v 4. less.3N c. NW 4. (4. perpendicular d. 180° 14. N80°E. (3. 11. 11. 98° 13. S81°E 9. 0. 2  k  6 Exercise 4. 911.  . 2. a. 3) 20 4 11. a. 3 7 (5.5 m/s.  CF  iˆ  jˆ  kˆ. 107° b. AB  CD. a and c are perpendicular 5. a. a. 392N 7. 7x  2y 11. 18N.7N 10.3 km/h.  18.9. (1. 89° 106 c. 0) f. b. 0). (4. 12. a. a. 238N 23. (6. (0.  BD c. a.  PQ b. a. 100N b. 25. 7) e. (7. 1) . S70°E . (5. 1 b. a. 58°. 1300 km. 3). obtuse. 2. 3 c. 480 km. yes 17. (3. 130. 82° b. 15 c. 173. c. 36. 3. 68° upstream to the bank. 9. 1 d. 17 2  38a  •  2 b. a. a.6N.  GD  iˆ  jˆ  kˆ e. a.  BC  1. a. 15a b  24b 11 53  3  b.1.3N. 0). a.   CE. 127° d. 11. 1 d. 5) 4. 90iˆ  35jˆ  35kˆ 4. 2 6. 5iˆ  2jˆ  kˆ b. (5.  DB. 8) 5. 0) d. into b. (5. 7.  d. 108° 16. a. 66 km/h 10. (0. N86°E b. 4). 6) f. 22° 1. (1. a. (17. 7. a. 92N. a. 2.  2 2 2 20.  CA. N20°W. 2) 13. 2iˆ  jˆ  12kˆ c. 19N. 1 3  20. S54°E 6.4 1. 2.7kN 21. w    5. 6.2N d. 4. 6. (15. south 2.  BC   CD   DE. 0) h. vx 14. 1383 km b. 13. AB CD. 29) 5. 25. a. 2. 3) b. 174° to 10N 9. 92 km/h north d. a. 1) b. 1. (0. 10.  u  v  BK AB 2. 2 c. 71° 3 4 Exercise 5. 6iˆ  18jˆ  18kˆ c. y-axis 13. i.  . 87. a. 2 b.9N. a.  . 7. 2 24. 13. (8. 12. 3 14. 2) 15. a. 19 d. greater. 20 20. 3. 18. (9. a.1 c. 0. (2. 55°. 0) b. 0. xz-plane d.3 b . 1. k 4. north c. 5iˆ  2kˆ d. 14 b. 0) 6. 0). 9. a. 0.9N. 7. 83. 3. 0.  e. (2. 71. 300 km. 2. 3 2 (6. 20 15. 20. (0. infinite number 7. 5.  EG  iˆ  kˆ c. (5. 15 km/h south b. 6iˆ  jˆ b.7. 6 b. 375N.9931 b. 55.  tan  F2 6.   . (3.  34 9. 19 b. 3. 360N 20. a. 60° to AB 18. (11. a. 4.  149 7. 1 b. 5) 11. (4. 94. a. 0 5. 6. N54°E 17. 240° c. a. (1. greater. (5. c2  a 29 22. 0) d. 2. a. (9. not perpendi2 cular c. 80 17.6N. 2x  4y c. 1. a. 13. a. 146° to 48N b.

2 . (1. 1 3 . (9. 2 b. 0) d. iˆ  3jˆ  2kˆ b. 89 . 2:1. 7240 J 12. 2 . 22 c. jˆ. 1:2  1089 40 30 80  ˆ ˆ ˆ   c.0 J c. 32819 J 13. 3 Chapter 5 Test 1. 0). a. a. (0. 65 3  49 7. 5:4 b. 3)  18 (4. 3.5 1613   48 32  42 28 1413     1.  82 c.  6 . 3j . 6iˆ  8jˆ  11kˆ d. 14) c. 2.Exercise 5. a. b. 0 4. 0) 6. a. 13 Exercise 6. 1)  1 8 (2. 0. 17iˆ. b. 84 12. 1. 29 J d. 9) 3.2 d. a. 3 b. (1. 3. 602 J 17. 1:2.  4 17. 10 b. 1. a. 16. a. 10 J. (17. 4 8. 1 9. a. 7) b. 89 . a. a. 3. a. a. 0). a. 3) 2  b 2 6.  2 8. iˆ  5kˆ c. c are linearly 1 1 1  b.   2 . 5. 8 9 . b. 3  b. a a • d   b • c   b •  d 7. 96° 4. 89 d. 3) 2.4 5. 1. 8). 0 J 10. 4 3.  0 5. 0). 0. (0. a.  90° Review Exercise 1. (1. 3. (17. a. 12  6  197  c. 29 9. 0. 13 . 5 N b. 3jˆ. (16. 2114 J 15. u ⊥ v b.  13 .  6 . 46 103 d. 1:3 15. 13 b. (2. 2.  u  kv. 8kˆ b. 4). 4k Review Exercise 11 5  1. 3. 0. 2i . 2 . 0. 3iˆ. 22:45 16. k . greater than 225 J 11. 9iˆ  6jˆ  2kˆ 2. 4) 13. (3. (3. 8) 14. a. 2:1 14. 2165 J b. 3 b. 1930  J 18. 36 15. 80 J 14. 88 16. (0. 0. a • c   5. 1:1 b. 13 . 3  1 3  6  3  6   1   1   (0.

9 J.  2  2 for a . (0. a. 30° 2  b 2 a   7. 0 c.  iˆ   jˆ   kˆ 3. perpendicular to the plane of the wrench and the applied force c.  13 1258  1258  1258  4.  u  kv d. nothing f. 5 iii. 185  5. 1562.5 J 6. perpendicular to the axis of the wrench b. a. ii.  u ⊥ v e. 5iˆ  12jˆ  33kˆ 5 12 33 d. b. u  kv 2. 1) b. 129° c. 4 c. a. 2. 33iˆ  5kˆ b.

x  2  2t. a. 1 y  3  5t. 0  t  1 d. 1  t  5 18. (4. 2. 1) 6.  d  (3. a. 2 Exercise 6. 1. 2:3 c. 0). 1:1 b. No 7. a. (1. 2. 7)  t(3. 3 11. r  (4. 21:2 10. a. 5. 0)  t(2. OA  2OB  3OC 2 5 7 7 9  11      8. 0. 4  t(1. 5:2 3. 4) b.2 1 1 3. 6. 4) b. 5) c. 10). 4. 3. 3 b. 1 1 2      kˆ  7u  3v  2 1 w 12. perpendicular b. 5:4 y4 x7 y2 (ii) 4  1 c. (2. 2 10. a. 14:9. a. b a  b 3 Exercise 6. 1:2 4. y  t. a. 2. y  1  t. 3. 2:3 7. 3. 3) 15. iˆ  1 4 u  3 v  42 w. x  5  t. 3:1 c.88uˆ  7. t . y  t. 3 5. r  (0. b. 0. r  (1. yes. 2. 3). 3. OA  3OB  2OC c. (4. 3 13. 1.3 2. 1) b. 1)  t(3. (i) 127° (ii) 11° 15. 0).  0 OP  10 OQ  5. not possible b.17v  0.  OA  8iˆ  3jˆ c. 3). (3. 5. 35) c. (126. 4:5 d. 0) b. 2:9 9. 5. u  0. no 8. a. 6) 7. 2 5. 3) d. (2. 0. (0. a. x  66u 27vˆ  24wˆ 13. 7:3 b. 2 4. a. r  (2. (4. iˆ  jˆ d. 3). 3. 2. 3:4 d. a. x  7  2t. (19. (1. b. b. 1. parallel 11. x  t. 1  1 5 ˆ 3 1 1 b. a. 87° 14.54v b. r  (3. 2. x  1  t.  d  (1. 1 d.61u  0. x  t. a. 1 b. 18) 16. 321u (ii). 3) 9. a. a. 3 c. y  0 b.52vvˆ Exercise 6. no c. 4) b.a. 18) 10. (iii) 9. (4. y  96  65t y3 x  5 b. a. 1) b. 13:4 2  3   5OC c. r  (2. 2 2 b. 0)  t(1. (3. 2 d. a. no 11. parts (i). x  2u  3v  8w  ˆ b. OP 3 3 5 CHAPTER 7 Exercise 7.  d  (4. (11. 7 4. 1) b. a. 0. a. a. 5:3 e. 5. b. 0 b. 9) c. not possible 10. a.  p  4iˆ  5jˆ b. (i)  8  5 11 x CHAPTER 6 2 dependent 3. 3. b. x  7. 0). yes b. 5)  t(7. 4) c. 4:1 e. 9) b. 2. a.  OP  7 OQ  7 OR b.1 4. 2 1 3 10 7 5 b. a. a. 3 c. 2. b. b. 0). (7. a. 1) 3. 0). 10) 4. 1h 12 min c. (11. (5. (1. r  2. 7:2 b. x  24  85t. 3. 1:1 b. (6. 2. yes b. 1. y  3t. (1. (6.  OA  5OB       10. 4. 3) e. a. (0. 5. 0)  t(2. 2:5 d. (1. 0) f. 20:3. 3. y  5 3 8. 2) b.1 2. 33iˆ  3jˆ   123v 6. 4.19w 3 2   OA   OB  6. 2. 0). (1. 3) d. 3 6. x  3  t. OM 2 ON  2 OQ 9. j  14 u  3 v  42 w. a. a and c 8. x  1. (2. 6  1 17. 4:19 Chapter 6 Test 3 10 7  3  OR  1 2. a. 3) 12. a. (3.

(0. 3 y  2 7 12 3 x y  2t  2. 6) d. 0 14. (5. 2). a. x  3t. 1). P. 7 13. 2) 3. 1) d. 3   11. 2 b. r  (5. 1) b. r  0. 1). 0). 5)  t(3. 3  5 b. 6. a. (1. 95. 3). 2)  t(2. 2. a. x2  y2  10x  12y  36  0 11. 3x  y  4  63  0 15. b. 4:7 b. 0 d.  6. 153° 3 3 3 c. a. 4. P(3. P(2. (2.  c. 5). 0) d.  b. (2. 2). x  3t. r  (0. 3x  5y  14  0 9. 1). 3  n  (3. a. x  y  0 4. a. 1:2 14.  n  (1. x  y  6  0 d  (3.2 2. 30 d. 1). P(5. y  2  0 7. 3. 4) d  (0. x  2y  5  0 c. 4). yes Exercise 7. a. a.  d  (2.  b. (1.  c. 8 2 13  53  25 5  75 12. a. 2x  1  0 c. 2x  7y  6  0 b. 2 19. 2)  s(1. 20) c. 3x  2y  18  0 8. 0 c. 2) c. 2) c. 7x  2y  0 d.  14 b. 3). a:b 11 15 10 ANSWERS 555 . 2  t(3. 3x  2y  6  0 d. y5 x 3 y  5t  5. 2x  3y  14  0 c. (4. 2x  3y  22  0 b.  d. 5). r  (5.  n  (1. a. n  (4. 2) 12. x  4y  28  0 b. a.  d  (1. a.

x  2  5s  4t. x  3t. a. 0. 2)  t(14. neither d. parallel and distinct 4. 1. z  5 c. r  (4. y  6  5s  8t. 3)  t(1. parallel b. a plane passing through the mid point of AB and having normal  AB. x intercept is 4 8. a. 2) c. a. 7) 10. (1. 0)  t(0. 1). b. (0. y4 x2 z6      1 2 3 b. (4. 3). 2. 8. 1. 3)  t(5.  6  c. 1) b. 2) 14. r  s(17. r  (2. 3) CHAPTER 8 Exercise 8. 6) 10. (1. (2. z  t 5. cos    . D will be the distance x y z from the origin to the plane 20. a. 1) 5. 0) c. 2). 5. x  9  3t. cos   9. x  3y  z  0 c. a. 0. x  7  t.  A2  B2 A2  B2  C b. (1. a. 1) b. a. a. 1. a. Ax  By  Cz  0 b. a. a. y  t. not parallel 13. 6x  4y  4z  3  0 b. 2. 3). 2. coincident 11. 1. 27). 13). skew d. 2. a. z  2  9s  t c. 5)  t(1. z  1 c. 6. 2). 6. 4 1   116° c. 1. 0. 1 4 1 x  1. 0)  t(0. 3   1 556 A N S W E R S 3. a. 5) 5. perpendicular c. x  4  5s  4t y  6  2s  6t. x  3t. 6  7   2 y4 x6 z2   12. 6. No AC BC   13. r  (7. 35 53  2213  b. (9. a. n  2 8. 4. 2) b. (8. 2)t 6. a. x  6t. 5. y  4  3t. (1. (0. 5) 3. 3x  2y  2  0 c. 1) b. x y z  9. 1). r  (0. 3) 7. 8.  74 1555 Exercise 7. neither c. 1). 11x  8y  2z  21  0 b. r  (0. 90° 15. 1) 21 7. (4. 1. 2).   101° 30  1 8 4 b. a. 2) c. a. 5)  t(2. r  s(1. 3) c. y  2t. z  2  6t. 5. 3. x  t. y  2t.   76°. parallel and distinct e. 1). 6)  t(1. 1. 0). coincident b. parallel and distinct b. 4. 0. 6. 3)  t(11. 4) 3. 20) 14. 2. 1. r  s(1. (2. 8. (1. cos   . 4. 4)  t(3. r  (4. (2. 4) 12. r  (5. 1. 2) 4. 0. 2x  y  4z  0 2. r  (0. parallel to and on the plane b. a. (7. 2. 1) d. 4. 2. 16. x  9  3t. 5. (1. neither parallel nor perpendicular 9. 1). y  2  0 b. 9) c.   90° 13. (7. b  1 7. a. (0. z  t 6.  b. 3.   b. (8. x  3  s  3t. 33) 6. 0)  s(1. 3) b. 32 5. y  4t. a. 0)  t(1. r  (1. 17  17   14°. r  (8. 0)  s(1. 5) c. 12x  8y  13z  0. (3. 0. 4. 5. (3. 5. a. cos  9. 3)  s(2. y  8  2t b. a. neither c. a b  c and c 14. (8. r  (0. a. 1. a. a. 10. 2. 3)  s(5. x  3t. y  4  2t. a. 0. 3)  t(0. r  (6. a. 2. (0. 0. z  3  6t 6. 24. 2. r  (7. a. 3. (10. 4. 3) 11. 1. x  2  t. 9. 1. 4. m  8. 5). r  (0. x  5  2s  4t. (2. (4. P2(1. 38x  33y  111z  103  0 17.Exercise 7. 9x  6y  2z  22  0 7. y  5  s  4t. the point is on the line 11. x  8  5s  2t. 0. 1) c. 5.   96°. 2. z  t b. 1)  t(8. 2)  t(4. cos   0. 5) b. 17° b. 1)  s(3. x y z5      c. a. 0. 15. 2) 3. 1. r  (2. 1. 0)  t(0. x  s. 9)  t(1. 1. cos   9. 0. 0. 7)  s(0. 2. 0)  t(7. y  2t. 5. a. r  (2. b. r  (3. x  y  2z  3  0 3. b. (4. b. 4) b. a. 5) 13 c. y  0. 3)  t(2. 1) 6. 0.2 1. 2) b. (2. 1). 2) c. 3)  t(1. 4. 6x  2y  5z  0 8. a. 4. 2. 10x  11y  10z  50  0 10. 2. 3. (5. x  3t. 6   2 13. a. 0. (2. 7) 8. 1. r  s(1. 2. 0). 2) 4. 0) 12. 1. 2. 17). 7) e. x intercept is 6 12. all points on and between the parallel lines Exercise 8. 1). 2). x  6  5t.  15. 1). 1 11. (5. (9. P1(10. x  4  2t. 2. a. y  1  4t. 5. x  3y  15  0 2. z  3  0 c. c and e are coincident 6. 1. 3. y  2s.3 2. x  7  4s  3t. 0.  24°. z  5  t. coincident b. 4. 0. 1) b. 3x  4y  5  0 b. 5) b. (5. (4. 0). z  3t b. 0)  t(0. 2)  t(3. 1. 6 2 2 15. a. a and f. 22). x  6. 3) b. 1) b. 2. b. y  3t. 2) 15. r  (0. y  1  0 d. 3. (4. 2. 0. 3) c. 0) b. the three points are collinear b. 0. a. 2). 0)  t(4. neither c. y  3  2s  2t. 2)  t(4. r  (2. r  (2. x  2  0 d. z  3  3s  3t b. y  t 4. coincident d. (6. 7. y  2  3s c. 3  A  B Review Exercise 2. y  2  2s  2t. 1) b. 5. 0)  s(7. 3x 10y  4z  4  0 e. not on c. a. 2x  3z  6  0 d. (9. 1) 4. 0. (16. x  3  2s. 1) 7. a  8. parallel to the plane. 1. 0. 1)  t(4. 4) b. r  (0. (1. (8. (3. 7). (6. a. All points in and on the parallelogram    whose vertices have position vectors  a. (4. r  (1. 2)  s(0. 7x  y  z  18  0 b. 0. r  (1. y component is 0 3. (0. 2) 5. (5. z  5  11s  5t d. cos   . 3. 3)  s(1. 5)  s(1. 1. 5)  s(5. 2) c. 3x  8y  z 15  0 c. 4. a. 2. x  5  0 c. 4. 30  30  1 cos    . 23). 2 3 Chapter 7 Test 1. z  7  s  t 13. a. lines are coincident c. D  0 5.  27°. a. y  4  2t. z  6  2t.   69°. 4. r  (0. x  2  0 f. 3. 1)  t(1. 0)  t(0.4 2. 3). 0. 4x  13y  20z  30  0 b. 3)  s(1. 3. 5)  s(5. 1) 16. (4. x  t. 1) b. 0.1 2. a. 5 66  3  t  2 14. y  4  t. 3)  t(2. 4x  y  0 7. a. 4) 5 2 b. z  5  s  7t 9. 12x  8y  13z  0 b. y  2z  0 9. 1) d. 4. same z  1  t 8. P(2. z  2  4s  2t e. 2). (1. a. 0. (1. a  b  c  1 . 1. 3. 3. 0. cos    .   d. z  2  s  4t b. 2)s. r  (5. parallel and distinct 11 d. 4. y  2  t y2 x9  d. r  (4. r  (9. z  0 18. y  0. 5x  y  13  0 b. r  (4. 0) c. 1). x  2y  1  0 c. (7. (20. 1. b. (1. (14. 2.

0) b. 5 1 0 4 3 c. 0. 5) h. 3. the 3 lines are not concurrent c. 4x  y  z  0 21. a. 3 b. yz plane is r  (0. 0. 7 13. y-intercept is 0. no solution. 13 . x  1  5s. 1. line r  (1. 0)  k(55. yes 3. a. 3 b. 2x  3y  11z  33  0 c. 0. collinear 47 27 3. a. x  3y  5z  67  0 b. z)  (2  t. z-intercept is 6. 1 5 0 8 1 5 2 3 0 3 2 6 27 15 25 7. intersection with: xy plane is r  (t. 0) e. s. the 4 planes have no common intersection 8. 1. y  3s. planes form a triangular prism i. z)  (6  t. a. y. x  3y  3  0 1 4. a. x  8  7t. 0) 9. r  (0. 1. 4) b. 0. z)  (7 t. 4x  4y  7z  0 ANSWERS 557 . (2. a. 0) (ii) r  (0. f. coplanar c. 10)  u(8. 2)  t(2. 0)  t(3. a. 8 d. 3. no solution. intersection with: xy and xz plane is r  (t. 8x  8y  12z  15  0 9. 0z  1 (iii) r  (4. xz plane is r  (4. t. r  (3. 5) 6 2. 19 Review Exercise 2. y  6. 1 1 2 3 0 2 5 5 1 0 4 16 6 5 2 4 c. 2x  6y  6z  9 c. 54. (1. y.5 2. 4. intersection with: xy plane is r  (u. 0. x  3y  2z  14  0 9. 1. 4. s). y  3 2t. z-intercept is 0. 3. y  0. the 3 planes are coincident. 0. 2. 1) 5 10 b. 0 (iii) 0.3 1. 2. a. 5x  10y  8. 7 28 56 7 4. Infinite number of solutions. 0  t(3. 2) x  3  4s  4t. 3 planes intersect at the point 3 0 . 0 1 8 2 2 5 3 4 5. 0. d. in R3  2 planes intersecting in the line 1 3 r  . intersection with: xy plane is 1 1 r  t. infinite number of points c. 5. 8. 2 planes are parallel and distinct Chapter 8 Test 1. t b. a. 8x  2y  3z  6. coplanar b. 2)  s(4. x-intercept is 2.  d. yz plane is r  (0. infinite number of solutions intersecting in the line (x. 2. 2. 0. 8 10. a. 17x  7y  13z  23  0 54 4 2 3 22 4 2 11. y  1  s  t. a. 13  19. 6. 0)  t(6. the planes intersect in the line with equation (x. 2. 0. coincident 22. a. 2 8. 4  t(4. 0. 2t) h. . intersection with: xy plane is r  (2. 5. k  2 18. 1. no intersection d. 20) 17. x  6z  4. planes coincident with x  z  4 i. 4)  s(2. 4. 3. 4  u. x  2y  3z  1 e. 6) e. 1) 12 23 43   c. a. 1) 4. 0). a. 1. 1. y  s  4t. 0. 0. 3)  t(1. 5). 0). 3. 0) c. 2. a. 3). a. t) b. a. 5. r  9. 0)  t(1. r  (0. 0. no solution. 1) g. 3) 6. 0. unique solution point (x. r  (10. yz plane is r  (0. 1) e. 0. 1. 0)  s(0. x. 5. 0) c. 0 (ii) 0. (x. 7) d. (0. u) c. 0. 0. (i) 2 . 5. 3. 4 8. (0. 2)  t(0. no value b. a. a. s 2 2 d. one point. 4. 15. intersects the plane at (2. y  9z  0 6. 0. x  1  3t. 55)   b. x  z  14  0 Exercise 8. z  t b. 2. z  3t c. 9. a. 2) 7. no solution b. 2 parallel planes 2 2 c. y  6z  4 b. x  4z  0. 0. 1 230 37  14  5   9 14. 1. (4. 0)  t(0. 0z  0 c. 2 7     b. 16. 2)  s(5. yes b. 15 . r  (0. 7x  2y 4z  13  0 6. . y. xz plane is r  (4. the origin 7 (0. z  2  s  2t 3. y. 8. 2 5 0 4 0 6 12 15 10 6. a. s). 0. 5)  t(1. a. 6  3u). yz plane is r (0. 1. 0. 4. 0)  t(15. z  3 b. intersection with: xy plane is r  (4. 0)  t(1. 0). 4x  5y  14z  0 c. (0. 2) b. parallel c. a. no points. a. r  s(1. y-intercept is 4. k 9 Exercise 8. 24)  p(0. line is parallel to the plane. 0). 1)  t(2. 5. u). and the third is parallel and distinct g. x  0. 4. 3x  4y  z  1  0 b. r  (1. 5     c. xz plane is r  (u. 0) 13 1 d. 8x  2y  z  18  0 e. 4. y. parallel 3 7 1 12 4 3 2 4 b. 14. 1 3 . 27) 5. x  8. 2) c.Exercise 8. y  1  4s. z)  (2. r  (1. unique solution. u) 11. 16. coplanar d. yz plane is r  0. 0. (0. 0). 4. 1) 5. 0). z  11  10t d. 55. 1)  t(3. y  z  6  0 d. (5. 2 planes are coincident. r  (7. 2. 1) f. 0). 2. 0. 0. 0)  t(3. 4.  12. 8. z  4  2t d. x-intercept is 3. (5. 1. 1). line r  (5. 1. planes are parallel c. b. 5. 14  t. a. y  5z  5. 0. 1  t) e. 4. x  0. t. no c. x  4z  9. u. a.  b. 6 9. (0. 3 b. 5. no solution. r  (0. 0. z  7  0 f. will never intersect in a line c. a. 2u. (1. x  7  5t. no solution. 1)  t(4. y-intercept is 12. 4. r  s(1. (9. a. z  s  5t e. (i) r  (1. 0. 2. 2 c. 2. k  9 c. no 3. no d. 1. 27x  11y  7z  53  0 20. 2) d. planes are parallel 2. r  4. 3 distinct parallel planes c. no solution. or an infinite number of points 7 3 7 14 2 5 7. 0. xz plane is r  (s. 0) b. in R2  2 lines inter1 3 sect in the point 2. no solution. 2) 253 106 154   7. 0) 4. 2 of the planes are parallel and distinct f. 0. 3 1 5 12 b. 0. a. z  2  2s  t b. 3.  .4 2. 15  b. y  1. x  2s  t. z  t e. 0) 3 5 2 1 5 2 1 3 0 5. no solution. 1) c. t. y  t. 2). triangular prism f. 0. a. y  1  t. 1. 1  t. 3y  4z  6 d. r  (0. 2x  y  0 8. line r  (1. 4. 3)  t(3. 3. k  5 or k  4 5. one point b. planes are perpendicular and intersect in a line b. x  s  3t. point (2. (5. 4.  c. yes b. a. is and z-intercepts are each 0. k 2 9 b. 3. infinite number of solutions. x-intercept is 4. t.

. 100. (6. a. act} d.. C3C4. 2. B  {cat. 2. 100} Q  {7. 12. w. cf. 2. 14  b... ae. b. be. af}. df.. C(1. 2x2  12x  3y  12  0 11. M4D2. a. r  22 2. the locus is a circle with equation (x  5)2  (y  8)2  13 5 12. 97. a  2b. 11 . cf. PD  9 7. C4C5} 4. z)  (3. r  3. ac. 21 km or 11 km 5. m. q. 3. 2. 1) c. (x  3)2  (y  2)2  20 7. b 2 2109  25. p. f. y  x. 2. 5)  13. 001. 1). xy plane at (1. 2 17. ad. 3) 10.... 2x  3y  3z  12  0 15. part of a circular arc k 3. 0) 6. 9) b. y. a. 111} b. isosceles d. a. 2x  5y  15  0 15. 2. 3 8. 35 Exercise 9. r  (1. b. M2D2. M3D1. a. 98. planes intersect in a line with equation r  (0. n(H)  900 14. af. j. point b. a. (x  5)2  (y  5)2  25 12. G4. t) CHAPTER 10 Exercise 10. 0. A  {act. 0. 12 5. 71. B in envelope y. cta. k. Circle 5 558 A N S W E R S 25 a a atc act cat tac cta e. circle c. n(F)  31 c.  F: subsets that do not have a 1 7. tac. 87. 2) 8. (0. y  3 9 11 10. V  {ab. a. 3. 2). 3). . 33 21. no intersection 5 3 1 b. 7) 5. x2  3y2  48y  144  0 8. y  2x  6 c. x2  (y  4)2  68 125 11. a. 0). (0. 7x  9y  21 or 7x  9y  17 9. y. af... 11 . y  3  t. ce. (4. 5) 54 7. 2.1 1. 5. v. a. 9}. x.  A: words not beginning with a B : words that do not end in t 6.. 011.  c. 1) c. 1) 6. (24. e. 61x2  78xy  25y2  16 2. 6:5 b. 11. 011. 3. y  x  3 (y  1)2 3. a. 111} d. c  {1. atc}. 2. 3. C1C3. a. 101. a. . ae. equation of locus is y2  2xc  c2  k2  0 4   B1 1 . F2. no. bf. a sphere with C(1.  3  with a radius of 27 16. 1:4 Exercise 9.. x2  y2  9 b. 2 12. 0). ad. P  {71. E  {001. x  2y  2z  20  0 17. l. C3C5. {C1C2. z). t.. 2 20. a. 8) 23.6. (x  1)2  (y  4)2  16 c. C1C4. (A. 3. 0)  t(1. a.. x2  y2  x  y 1  2  0 Review Exercise 1. 2. A in envelope x. bd. M2D1. n(V  )  21 5. 13. 8 7. 2. M1D3.   24. n. n(G)  667 d. ef} b. 0. D1. x  12 6. c  {1. the locus has equation x2  16y2  64 3  6. PD  6. 3. 70. bf. 2 9. (5. a b c b. . 99} A  {17. n(E)  142 b. n(U)  6 c. the locus is a circle with its centre at 1. 6 14. z  t 5 5 b. V  {a. act. r. 11  3 1 22. x  2 4. (0. C1C5. a. U  {1b. planes intersect in the line (x. t. k 1 (iii) k  1 b. (x  3)2  (y  2)2  25 2.. isosceles b. 010. cd. U: 100a  10b  c. x  9. x2  y2  1 2. C2C4. ef} 11. A1 1 . (6. a. a. 52 m2 10. 9 7. 27. 2 18. 5:6 5. 100. (2. a circle with C(1. (0. u}  V  {b. df. de. a. 1 1 . 72. x  1  t. P : integers less than 71  Q: integers that do not end in 7 8. z)  (t. (6  43)x  (3  23)y 8. h. (2. C):(x.. a. M2D2. 11 . h  3 b. n(u)  8 c. 0 4. 4). U tca CHAPTER 9 Review of Prerequisite Skills 2 a. b. a. . 5. U  {000. M2D3. 1 b. imaginary circle 3. U: 100a  10b  c. C2C3. 3). 2. 101. 100} F  {001. 010. 23  2 13. 0) 26. a. R: multiples of 5 S: integers from 53 to 76 inclusive  R: integers not divisible by 5 b. S: multiples of 10 S: integers not divisible by 10 n(S)  100. 010. 6. a square is not prime b. xz plane at (2. (5. i.. PB  6.. 110.1 1. 4)  5(2. . 97} c. 2. E4. 3) and r   13 b. 4 4. 0). PD  7. ae. C(1. 1. W  {ab. a. g. 1   5 14. 2. d.. . 36.. 97} 2. (1  3)y  (1  3)x 19 c. the circle has equation (x  3)2  (y  6)2  8 5. M4D3} 3. 1. 2. z} n(V)  5. 0) 19. x  4 b. y  5 c. right-angled 7 7 9 3 a. b. 3. no. 17. 110. a. 72. y. B. M3D2. 2 4. 3) and r  3 3. atc} b. PB  9. 37. PD  2. x  y b.. 5 4. tca. 27. C(2. 2. 2 11 9 7 17 9 Exercise 9. n(A)  56 n(B)  168 12. isosceles c. M4D1. n(u)  15 c. 53 PB  7. 8)  5(2. 79. r  5 b. U  {M1. (x. 11  3 Chapter 9 Test 1. opposite side 14  Cumulative Review Chapters 4–8 8 8 5 3. M3D4.3 2 3. . yes 14. 103 93 60   yz plane at (0. c. 73. ad. U  {cat. ac. bc. n(S )  900 9. r  3 7 4 4 c. s.  10 6. y.4 1. n(B)  217 13. C in envelope z . there are composite numbers that are not squares 10. x2  (y  2)2  4 16. C0. C2C5. 6 9. PB  2. y  x b. U  {10. the required point is 2. ac. 9} n(A)  81. o. 5)  t(1. 7 6  73 7. 1. (i) k  2 (ii) k 2.

n(B)  12. 1005 b. a. 7776 6. 460 c. 45 c. 415800 b. t10  31. . 210 b. 35 c. a. 225 10 8. (4!) b. no b. a.  100 . Review of Prerequisite Skills 1. 31974 d. 6. 01111. 2520 c. a. R3. C). 00011. 2      nr  33 3r!! Chapter 11 Test 1. a. 180 4. B). 1  2  3  . 20 10. 10. R3. R2. a. none if n is odd. 30 3. 189000 4. 30 b. a. C). A). 75600 e. c. (R1.        2  • 95 24. (R2. b.  1200 32340 14. 78 21. 462 b. R3. B). 1024 16 ! 4 13.. 4800 4. 151200 35 12!  c. a. a. (R1. 120 d. b. 1  2  3  . 42  52  62  72  82 100  c. 128 b. 300 7. B). 128 c. a. (12. a.   13. a. R3. a. R3. C). (R2. 200 c. 26 7. (R1. a. 600 2. 2 b.  10 b. R3. a. 682 7. a.. 0 b. 10001 b. 2 if n is even 18.  b.  128 6. a. 6720 b. f are Geometric c. (R2.. 45360 d. (R1. 90 20. 45 19. 450 5. 5 15. 3. 768 12. 33972 n(n  3) n 17. 2 6 5.  2k). R3) 16. R2. a. 1140 b. (R1.. 378 11. 975 c. 2 1 11. R2. d. 455 CHAPTER 12           49 48 24 24 25 d. yes 4657  b. (R1. a. 14. k is an 12      c. a. 2600 Exercise 11. (R1. 6 5 6 3 3 12. 15. 47 10. 1333 366  703 266  111 106 560 A N S W E R S 15 100 30 i1 i1 i  50 i1 2. d are something else 2. S10  175 3. 495 b. e are Arithmetic. 21. R2. 32 2. 1440 60   15  60 300 300 4 15. A). 3 • 2n2 8. A). bn  a  2(n  1)d 5. 20160 9. 45 b. 32973 e. a. 0  r  10 324 2592 16 r 16. c.4 1.  4 (4!) 10 31 9 5 c. b. n(C)  19 b. a.  n 5. a.

495 b. 70560 f. 81 c. 105 b. a. 324 4. 103 d. 10. 7 g. ai 1 1 1 1 Exercise 12. . a. 151200 b. 105840 d. a. 256 b. a. 2 r! b. 247 5. 192 d. 3! r r2 r3     25 1. 99990 h. 2  r2 r1 r2 n2 n2 n3 1 r! c. 6 f. 16 h. 6 c. 90 g. 369 e. a. 60 n2 n1 n2 8. 117 f. 2016 f. 40951 3. 952 g. a. a. 15 d. 13440 g. b. 104 f. 19 103 e.3 20. 28 e. 141120 2. 30240 g. a. 15120 c. 2k  1 Review Exercise 1. 64 c. 784 e. a. 2520 b. 59 c. 56 d. a. 67 b. 9 104 c. cdabe 9. 10080 e.

i b. .

3 2i1 c. .

i2 d. .

3. 63 months 10. r1  31. 56 22. k  k 998 r ! (2n)! 8. 8 316 7. • 5. 1081575 d. 1 9. A →  5 . x2  x  1. r3k1  3. 8!4! 4!4! 8!4!  1 n1 d. 1. 1. nr  (n  1)r 6. a  2d for n odd. a. 2046. 264 5. no 16. 5 c. 15360 15.4 1. 1. gn  9. 26k  25k 2. 1. c.  (r  1)! 7. 2 13. (1)k k d. r60 n n 10(10  1)  9n 10(10  1)  9n 10(10n  1)  9n 8. 16 b. 36036 c.5. 5 3. 225 3. a. rP(n  1.4n1 b. r3k1  4 11. (1)k 5 2 x c. a. 36 19. 1  x   8x3 10. 1  6x  15x2  20x3  15x4  6x5  x6 c. a x d... 145 b. 3  4x. n  2 7. 286 b. Tn  3. 81 k n n1 (a)[1  (r)n]  9. 2300. 15  16x 2. 2 (n  2) (n  2)! 9. x4  8x3y  24x2y2  32xy3  16y4 d. 3. x7  7x5  21x3  35x  x  x 3  x5  x7 f. 32 8. a if n is odd. 1 5 0 1 2 n 23. 9. 26 b. a. x. 7  8x.13 6. n  1 14. 2  10. 3 16. 4 9.  (1  r)2  1  r integer. 201 20. 5. 4. 10 17. a.  b!c! a   3 3  f. 90720 6. b. a. a. . 7. 810 b. 528 11. no term containing a10 14. a. Exercise 12. x  1. 1.2 32 ! 20 ! 12 ! 12 ! ! 12 !    8  21. 6 10 k 203k 2z b. 2. 3 16. 4. perimeter is infinite n n n n 8    . 196 13. 81.  n1 narn n(4n2  12n  11) a(1  rn)   14. (1)k 3x k 20 20 k k 13 13k 2k 10 b. 2 3n1 c. 1. bn  2 23  17. z36 does not occur in the expansion e.4n1 c. tn  27  5n b. t2i1   n1 i1 Exercise 11.   2n 18. s  a if n is even 13. bn  2bn1 e. 2 n r  2 bc1 (b  c)!  11.  a305k k k k      12 4. r  1) 4 o e n n2 ( n  1 ) !  b. xn  0.1 1. 27  Exercise 12. (1)  2 k k     12kxk b. 3 7x2   . b. 2n 10. 0 for k  1 or 2 L1 n1 n 3.  1r n n(n  1)  11.  20!12! c. a5  5a4b  10a3b2  10a2b3  5a4b  b5 b. t4  54648a15 b. t6  8064z35 c. 41 b. a. 3268760 4 23 15 k k e. An   4n . a. 11 2 x   15. Gn  9 • 22n3. 13. 1  5s2  10s4  10s6  5s8  s10 7 1 35 21 e. 5200300 f. a. a. \$22053. x3  x2  x  1 x4  x3  x2  x  1 d. 6  k  6 c. 0 d. 728 12. z15  5z12 b2  10z9b4  10z6b6  5z3b8  b10 25 25 2. 2. An → 0 3n  310  1 1 9(316   1)     1 6. a. a.5 1. 924   1 Exercise 12. a. G1  31. a. 9. fn(x)   1  nx c. c. r3k  3. 2d for n even. 6118 12. a. 101  k for 2  k  100.  2 39 b. a. 10!10! 10!2! d. 1  2x.

 r2  1 6. 1  4x  10x2  20x3. 15 3. a. Un  . 1  8x  40x2  160x3. 53.999Un1  100000 b. 924 7. 576 Cumulative Review Chapters 10–12 1. 2 (k  3)(k  2)(k  1) d.  2x 3! f. (1  x) 1  1  x  x2  x3  x4  . grow c. Gn  ar 2 .. a. 1  3x  6x2  10x3..  9 (1  2 ) n1 4. 17. 28. 485 6 a. 1  r  4. a..  299 b. neither n 1  1  rn  . a. 33. 5. An  a  1r   5. (a  ( n  1)d) . 10. a. 1  15x  135x2 945x3.. neither. (1)k(k  1)xk (k  2)(k  1)xk c. 82 10. (1  x)2  1  2x  3x2  4x3  5x4  .  • 25 6..  2 n r r k k 36. a. escapes on the 9th move 1 n1 8. 5 450 c. 32 20 4. An  a  2 • d. 1. tn  1. 924. 4 18. 2n b. a. b.. 40. h → 2. 1413720 c.. 420 9. 684420 2. 5! 5    ANSWERS 561 . 1 Chapter 12 Test a2(r2n  1)  3. (1  x)1  1  x  x2  x3  x4  . xk b. 495 b.19. 1  2x  3x2  4x3. hn  hn1  3 9 1 2n2 . 20 c.. arithmetic n Gn    a(a  d)(a   2d) . 30000 7. (k  4)(k  3)(k  2)(k  1) (1)k  3kxk 4! Review Exercise 299  1 6(450  1) 2 98    1. a. An  An1  3 3 b. \$3840 b. a. (1)k  xk 3! (k  3)(k  2)(k  1) k k e. 3n 8. (1  x)2  1  2x  3x2  4x3  5x4  . 7 nk 29. (1  3x)7 28. a. (n  1)(n)  31. a. 25560 5 r for r  5. 161. 155 11. a.01tn1  200. 969 3. 924 19. 12.. A → 8 16. 0 17. 1  x  x2  x3. t1  4000 2. 0. geometric b.. 64 b.