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Drumboe Martyrs 1923-2013

90th Anniversary Calendar

Ballybofey No 1 Company 4th Battalion No. 3 Brigade, 1921

Eanáir
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

January
Sathairn

6

7

1957: Sean South & Fergal O’Hanlon killed in action.

1 8

1920: Recruitment begins for ‘Black & Tans’. 1921: British Forces burn a number of houses in Midleton, Cork.

2 9

1922: Treaty debate resumes in the Dail.

3

1969: Burntollet ambush. 1976: Loyalist murder gang kills five nationalists from two families in County Armagh.

4

1871: John Devoy and Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa released from jail in Britain.

5

Fr. Flanagan, acting vice-president of Sinn Féin, meets with British PM Lloyd George.

1922: Treaty passed by 64 votes to 57, paving the way for Civil war. 1978: IRA ambush SAS unit in Turf Lodge, Belfast.

1919: Preliminary meeting of the First Dail.

1922: De Valera resigns as President of the Irish Republic.

1975: Vol John Francis Green murdered at Mullyash, Co. Monaghan following abduction by SAS.

10 17 24 31

1970: Sinn Féin caretaker executive set up following walkout from Ard fheis.

11 18

1921: IRA ambush British Army troop train at Meenbanad outside Dungloe, Co Donegal.

12 19

13 20 27

14
1921: James Sloan and James Torney killed at Ballykinlar camp.

15
1943: McAteer, Steele, Maguire & Donnelly escape from Crumlin Jail.

16 23 30

1921: First RUC member killed in IRA ambush, Crossmaglen, Co. Armagh.

1972: ‘Magnificent Seven’ escape 1939: IRA declare war on from Maidstone Prison ship. England and bombing campaign begins.1977: IRA Vol Seamus Harvey killed by SAS, Coolderry, Crossmaglen, South Armagh.

1978: The European Court of Human Rights find the British Government guilty of inhuman and degrading treatment of prisoners in the Six Counties.

1920: IRA attacks Dunbane Barracks, Tipperary. 1972: IRA ambush British Army, Strabane, Co. Tyrone.

1902: Kevin Barry born in Rathvilly, Co. Carlow. 1923: 4 IRA Volunteers executed in Kerry by Free State forces.

1919: Inaugural meeting of the 1923: 3 IRA Volunteers executed 1974: IRA launch helicopter attack on Strabane RUC Barracks. First Dail. 1919: Soloheadbeg in Dundalk, Co. Louth 2000: 20,000 people gather ambush, Tipperary. by Free State forces. in Belfast to honour Vol Tom 1972: IRA ambush British Army, Williams who was hanged in Strabane, Co. Tyrone. 1942.

21 28

22 29

1920: IRA attack Baltinglass Barracks, Co Cork.

1974: IRA ambush British Army patrol, Ballyronan, Co. Derry.

25

1904: Birth of IRA Chief of Staff, Head of Amnesty International & Nobel Laureate, Sean McBride.

26

1998: The British government 1923: 5 IRA Vol’s executed, 1921: IRA attack RIC Patrol in bows to pressure and announces 2 in Portlaoise & 3 in Birr, Co Trim, Co Meath. 1922: Free a new judicial inquiry into Offaly. 1972: IRA engage British State forces led by Joe Sweeney Bloody Sunday. Army in 4 hour gun battle in which launch an offensive against British fire 4500 rounds, the IRA in Donegal. Dungooley, South Armagh.

1972: Bloody Sunday in Derry.

1920: Tomás MacCurtain is elected Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Cork. 1947: Death of trade union leader ‘Big’ Jim Larkin.

Civil Rights March, Strabane, 1969

Feabhra
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

February
Sathairn

3

4

5

6

7

1967: Civil Rights Movement founded in the Six Counties.

1 8

1972: Funeral of Bloody Sunday victims in Derry and burning of British Embassy in Dublin.

2

1919: DeValera escapes from Lincoln Jail, England. 1921: IRA ambush Crown forces at Dromkeen, Co Limerick, killing 11.

1921: Vol Paddy Crowley killed 1903: Death of Young 1971: Robert Curtis is killed 1940: Barnes & McCormick 1813: Following transportation 1992: Vol Joseph MacManus in action whilst attempting to killed in action in Co. Fermanagh. in Belfast. He is the first British Irelander Charles Gavin Duffy. are hanged in England. United Irishman Joseph Holt fight his way out of round up soldier to be killed by the 1991: IRA launches mortar attack Shipwrecked. 1922: IRA ambush by Auxilaries in West Cork. IRA since the 1920’s. on Downing Street, London. RUC Main St. Clady, Co. Tyrone

9

1996: IRA detonates massive lorry bomb in London Docklands ending ceasefire.

10 17 24

1990: IRA shoot down British Army helicopter in Clogher, Co. Tyrone.

11 18 25

1921: 12 IRA Vol’s killed in action during ambush in Clonmult, Co Cork. 1976: Frank Stagg dies on hunger strike.

12 19 26

1922: Capt Hugh Britton & Vol James Gallagher killed in Donegal Town.

13 20 27

1920: IRA captures Castlemartyr RIC Barracks, Co Cork.

14 21 28

1921: ‘Mourne Abbey’ ambush, County Cork.

15 22

1992: Four IRA Volunteers killed in SAS ambush Clonoe, Co Tyrone.

16 23

1978: IRA kill high ranking SAS officer in M60 machine -gun attack on helicopter in Jonesborough, South Armagh. 1994: IRA ambush RUC patrol in the Markets area of Belfast.

1923: Denis ‘Dinny’ Lacey, Tipperary is killed in action.

1920: IRA execute British Agent, Henry Quinslink, who was sent to capture Michael Collins in Cork.

1921: Lt. Joseph Duffy killed in 1984: Volunteers Henry Hogan 1921: Following IRA ambush of Crown 1921: Crown forces burn Inver Coaction, Ramelton, Co. Donegal. & Declan Martin killed in action in forces in Mountcharles, Black & Tans op, Co. Donegal. 1974: IRA launch 1990: A crowd of civilians attack a attack premises there and in Donegal major gun & mortar attack on Crown Dunloy, Co Antrim. British Army/RUC patrol allowing the Town, murdering Mary Harley in the forces in Strabane. 1985: Vol’s escape of three vol’s captured during process. 1991: Death of Letterkenny Charles Breslin along with David & IRA operation in Silverbridge, Co IRA Volunteer Tim McGarry. Michael Devine are killed by Crown Armagh. forces in Strabane.

1988: British army patrol ambushed in Belfast.

1993: IRA carry out sniper attack in Crossmaglen, South Armagh.

1962: IRA Border Campaign which began in 1956 ends.

1920: IRA launch attacks on Timoleague and Mount Pleasant RIC Barracks, West Cork.

1921: Vol Michael Heeney is murdered by Auxiliaries in Glencolumcille, Co. Donegal.

Linda Kearns, Eithne Coyle (Falcarragh) and Mary (Mae) Burke at rifle training shortly after their escape from Mountjoy Jail

Márta
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

March
Sathairn

1983: IRA ambush British Army patrol on the Falls Road, Belfast.

31 3

4

5

6

7

1981: Start of second Hunger Strike in Long Kesh. 10 men would later die on the protest.

1 8

1957: IRA destroy StrabaneDerry freight train.

2

1991: IRA Vol’s John Quinn, Malcolm Nugent and Dwayne O’Donnell murdered by UVF in Cappagh, Co Tyrone.

1704: British introduce ‘Penal Law’ in Ireland.

1867: Fenian rising begins in Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Clare & Tipperary. 1921: IRA carry out major ambush in Clonbanin, Co Cork.

1988: Vol’s Mairead Farrell, Dan McCann & Sean Savage killed in SAS ambush, Gibraltar.

1921: Black & Tans murder Mayor & ex-Mayor of Limerick. 1923: 8 IRA prisoners murdered by the use of a mine by Free State forces, Ballyseedy, Co Kerry.

1966: Nelson’s Pillar blown 1994: US President Bill Clinton up in Dublin. agrees Visa for Gerry Adams 1994: IRA launch mortar attack to visit America. on Heathrow Airport, London.

9

1923: IRA attack Free State Barracks, Creeslough, Co. Donegal. 1994: IRA launch second mortar attack on Heathrow Airport, London.

10 17 24

1921: 6 IRA Volunteers killed in action in Mohill, Co Leitrim. 1989: IRA attack Castlederg UDR base, Co. Tyrone.

11 18 25

1923: Five IRA Vol’s of the Kerry 1994: IRA launch third mortar No.3 Brigade are murdered attack in 4 days on Heathrow by Free State forces with a Airport, London. landmine, after being shot in the legs and tied to a barricade to prevent them escaping -

12 19 26

13 20 27

1921: 6 IRA vol’s hanged in Mountjoy Jail, Dublin. 1923: Drumboe Martyrs executed in Donegal. 1972: IRA Vol’s Colm Keenan & Eugene McGillan Shot dead by British Army in Creggan, Derry.

14 21 28

1976: In Co. Armagh Vol Peter Cleary is murdered by British undercover troops in Forkhill whilst IRA launch mac hine gun & rocket attack on helicopter in Crossmaglen. 1999: Civil rights solicitor Rosemary Nelson murdered by British Agents, Lurgan, Co Armagh.

15 22 29

1988: Vol Caoimhín MacBradaigh murdered by Loyalists in Milltown Cemetery, Belfast.

16 23

1858: Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) founded in Dublin. 1978: Francis Hughes captured following shoot out with SAS, Maghera, Co Derry.

1921: IRA ambush RIC patrol 1921: Tom Barry’s Flying Column 1921: Lettermacaward based IRA 1921: IRA attack Falcarragh 1987: IRA Vol Gerard Logue killed 1920: Dublin shops wrecked in Castletownroache, Co Cork. on active service in Derry. by British troops. routs a much superior force of Vol’s attack Doochary Barracks, Co. Barracks & Troop Train in Donegal. 1922: IRA kill RIC man, Cresslough, Co. Donegal. Crown the Essex regiment, killing 30, Falcarragh, Co. Donegal 1994: IRA Crossbarry, County Cork. forces carry out reprisals in shoot down British army helicopter Creeslough.
in mortar attack, Crossmaglen, Co. Armagh.

1990: IRA Vol’s turn the tables on 1920: Black and Tans 1921: IRA ambush Crown forces 1973: IRA ambush British Army SAS ambush, inflicting a heavy arrive in Ireland. in Keadue, Co. Roscommon. patrol in Ballygawley, Co Tyrone. defeat on British undercover 1990: IRA attack Castlederg units, in Cappagh, Co. Tyrone. Brit/RUC Barracks, Co. Tyrone.

1921: IRA attack train carrying Auxiliaries in Ardfelt, Co Kerry.

1923: 4 IRA Vol’s killed in action 1919: Twenty republican prisoners escape from Mountjoy in Wexford. 1979: Leading Tory spokeperson on Ireland, Airey Jail, Dublin. 1934: Death of Neave, is killed as he leaves the Captain Sean Sharkey IRA. House of Commons.

30

IRA in action along Tyrone Border in the 1970’s

Aibreán
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

April
Sathairn

7 14 21 28

1920: Members of Michael Collins’ 1861: Derryveagh evictions begin 1914: Cumann na mBann ‘Squad’ execute British agent in Co Donegal. 1921: Over 1000 founded. 1921: IRA attack RIC British Soldiers converge on patrol in Ramelton, Co. Donegal. ‘Jameson’ in Glasnevin, Dublin. the Rosses from four different 1982: IRA ambush SAS patrol, 1987: Vol Larry Marley, architect of the 1983 escape from Long Kesh, directions in major military Creggan St. Derry. is murdered by loyalists. operation.

1 8

2 9

3

1920: Ardara RIC Barracks, Co. Donegal attacked by IRA. 1989: IRA Vol Gerard Casey murdered by Crown forces.

4

1920: 200 RIC barracks burned by the IRA.

5

1989: IRA vol James Joseph Connolly killed on active service in Drumquinn, Co Tyrone.

6

10 17 24

11 18 25

12
1816: Birth of Charles Gavin Duffy.

13
1921: IRA carry out bomb attack on Springfield Rd. Barracks, Belfast.

1801: Trial of Napper Tandy 1923: IRA Chief of Staff Liam Lynch 1920: IRA ambush RIC in 1981: Hunger Striker Bobby 1921: IRA carry out multiple begins. 1973: IRA carry out ambushes across Limerick & Lackenagh Woods, Co Tipperary. Sands is elected MP in Ferman- dies. 1973: IRA attack British Army patrol in the Bogside, Derry. landmine attack in agh South Tyrone by-election. Cork. 1921: Glenties RIC 1983: IRA ambush SAS patrol Newtownhamilton, South Armagh. Barracks, Co. Donegal attacked. on the Strand Rd, Derry.

15
1921: IRA execute Sir Arthur Vickers in Listowel, Co Kerry.

16
1940: Tony D’Arcy dies on hunger-strike.

19
1940: Sean McNeela dies on hunger-strike.

20
1916: Arms ship Aud arrives off Kerry coast. 1921: IRA attack Glenties RIC station in an hour long gun battle.

1920: Members of Michael Collin’s ‘Squad’ execute senior DMP detective in Camden St, Dublin. 1974: IRA ambush SAS unit in the Bogside, Derry.

1916: Provisional Revolution1923: Vol Michael Foy killed ary Government appointed, and in action in Borris, Co Carlow. Proclamation prepared. 1920: 1923: 8 IRA Volunteers executed Clogher RIC Barracks burned, in Tuam, Co. Galway. Co. Donegal.

1916: Arms ship Aud scuttled off 1993: IRA volunteers take over 1916: Irish republic 1921: 6 IRA Vol’s Murdered by the village of Cullaville in South RIC/Black & Tans, Clogheen, Co declared, Easter Rising begins. Kerry coast. 1997:IRA bring Armagh under the gaze of London transport system to a halt. Cork, 1921: IRA ambush Auxilia- 1993: IRA bomb Bishopsgate, British Army Watchtower. ries in Belfast. 2 Catholics killed London, causing 1 billion pounds by Crown forces in reprisal. worth of damage.

22 29

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1986: Vol Seamus McElwaine killed on active service in Co Fermanagh.

1923: 4 IRA Vol’s killed in action in Wexford. 1979: Leading Tory spokeperson on Ireland, Airey Neave, is killed as he leaves the House of Commons.

26

1921: IRA executes senior RIC officer. 10 houses are blown up by Crown forces in reprisal, Tipperary.

27

1921: 4 IRA Volunteers executed 1916: Padraig Pearse orders the 1982: IRA ambush British Army in Cork Jail. 1990: IRA launch surrender of Republican forces in patrol on the Donegal-Fermangh mortar attack on Strabane RUC Dublin. 1920: IRA attack Rush Border at Bellek. Barracks, Co. Tyrone. Barracks, Dublin.

Neil ‘Plunkett’ OBoyle’s Unit, 1923

Bealtaine
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

May
Sathairn

5 12 19
1921: IRA suffer heavy casualties in ambush at Kilmeena, Co. Mayo.

6 13 20
1921: Crown forces carry out extensive raids in Buncrana, Co. Donegal.

7
1921: IRA ambush 10 man RIC patrol in Ballynacargy, Co Westmeath.

1992: IRA launch remote controlled ‘train bomb’ at Cloghoge, Co Armagh

1 8

1921: Vol Patrick Casey executed in Cork Jail.

2 9

1922: IRA attack Free State 1921: Comdt. General Tom Maguire commands IRA ambush Army convoy in Newtowncunningham, Co Donegal. at Tourmakeady, Co Mayo.

3

4

10
1921: IRA kill 2 RIC men, Clonmany, Co Donegal. 1972: 60 remand prisoners protest over conditions in Armagh Prison.

11
1946: Sean McGaughey dies on hunger & thirst strike in Portlaoise Prison.

1916: John McBride executed. 1982: IRA attack Crown Forces 1921: IRA launch gun attack on at Camels Hump, Strabane, Carrigart Barracks, Co. Donegal. Co. Tyrone. 1981: Death of Bobby Sands on hunger-strike.

1916: Con Colbert, Sean Heuston, Eamonn Ceannt and Michael Malin executed. 1987: 8 IRA Volunteers killed at Loughall, Co. Armagh.

1916: Thomas Kent executed in Cork. 2008: Death of Ivan Barr, Strabane, Co. Tyrone.

1916: James Connolly 1919: Vol. Sean Hogan rescued 1973: Trial of six men charged 1921: Vol Daniel O’Brien, is 1923: Donegal born Vol Neil Dungloe wounded & captured at during Knocklong ambush in & Sean MacDiarmada executed. Glendowan, Co. Donegal. 1921: Black with importing arms on the Clau- Plunkett O’Boyle is killed in action executed in Cork Jail. 1921: & Tans carry out indiscriminate gun & 1981: Death of Francis Hughes County Limerick. 1989: IRA carry dia begins in Special Criminal Royal Navy lands Troops in in Wicklow. 1971: Vol Billy Reid grenade attacks in Carndonagh, Co. out mortar attack in on hunger-strike. Court. West Donegal to conduct raids Donegal. 1974: British assisted Loyalist is killed in action in Belfast. Glassdrummand, South Armagh. in Dungloe & Burtonport. bombs in Dublin & Monaghan kill 33
civilians and injure 200.

14 21

15 22 29

16 23 30

1921: Vol Con ‘Beezer’ Boyle from

17 24

1921: IRA ambush RIC patrol and attack RIC Barracks in Letterkenny, Co. Donegal. McCarry’s Hotel is shot up and attacked with grenades by Black & Tans in reprisal.

18 25

1921: IRA attack Glenties Barracks, Co. Donegal. 1921: RIC patrol ambushed Drumbarron, Ardara, Co. Donegal. 1981: Death of Raymond McCreesh on hunger-strike. 1994: Vol Martin Doherty killed by Loylalists in Dublin.

1921: Sinn Féin take 124 seats 1798: Date fixed for the in Southern parliamentary United Irishmen Rebellion. elections. 1921: Edeninfeagh RIC Barracks burned, Co Donegal.

1923: Ceasefire of republican forces.

1921: IRA burn Customs House, Dublin. 1991: Sinn Féin Councillor Eddie Fullerton is murdered by Loyalists, at his home in Buncrana, Co Donegal.

1868: Fenian Michael Barret executed in England.

26

1848: John Mitchel transported to Tasmania.

27

1922: Gun Battle at Lifford & 1984: IRA carry out landmine Strabane between IRA & B attack on British Army patrol in Specials. 1981: Vol’s Charles Crossmaglen, South Armagh. Maguire & George McBrearty killed by undercover soldiers in Derry.

28

1972: Special Criminal Court set up by the Dublin government.

1906: Death of Michael Davitt. 1986: Death of IRA Vol Philip ‘Fadgie’ McFadden.

31

IRA training camp during the 1950’s Border Campaign

Meitheamh
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

June
Sathairn

1915: Death of Jeremiah O Donnavan Rossa. 1921: Owen McCarron murdered by Crown forces near Cockhill Chapel, Buncrana, Co. Donegal.

30 2 9

3

4

5

6

7

1922: Arms raid carried out at Rossan Point Coastguard Station by Donegal IRA. 1922: RUC established.

1

1921: 2 IRA Volunteers 1921: Captain James McCarron 1974: Death of Michael Gaughan on 1921: Sniping attack on Glenties RIC 1869: James Connolly is born in 1798: Henry Joy McCracken issues 1853: Escape of John Mitchel Barracks, Co. Donegal. 1922: 3 IRA Vol’s hunger strike. 1991: 3 IRA orders for United Irishmen to rise in executed in Mountjoy Jail, Dublin. killed in action by Crown forces, Edinburgh. from Tasmania. killed in the Battle of Pettigo, Co. Donegal. Volunteers killed in action in Coagh, 1980: John Turnly is first to be murdered by Ulster. 1922: Vol William Deasley 1930: Death of Ballybofey, Co. Donegal. Co Tyrone. 1991: Death of Vol dies of wounds received during British agents as part of operation ‘RANC’ Luke ‘Dynamite’ Dillon.
Danny McCauley, Strabane, Co. Tyrone.
which is launched to seek revenge for death of Airey Neave. 2006: Death of Frank Morris in Co Donegal.

8

battle of Pettigo, Co. Donegal.

1798: United Irishmen attack Arklow, Co. Wicklow.

1981: Crumlin Road Jail escape.

10 17 24

1554: Silken Thomas declares war on England.

11 18 25

1921: IRA attacks Teelin Coastguard Station, Co Donegal. 1954: Raid by the IRA on Gough Barracks, Co. Armagh.

12 19 26

1937: Vol. Peter McCarthy is shot 1939: Offences Against the 1972: IRA chief of Staff invites State Act becomes law in the 26 dead by Special Branch in Dublin. British direct-ruler William Counties. 1990: IRA bomb British 1996: In Manchester, the IRA Whitelaw to peace talks. detonates the largest bomb to Army explode in England since WWII. base in West Germany.

13 20 27

14 21 28

15 22 29

1917: 1916 Internees 1935: Riots in Belfast follow the 1921: IRA burn Moville Coastreleased under general amnesty. Ulster League rally. guard Station, Co. Donegal. 1921: In Donegal the towns of 1921: IRA engage in running gun battle with Crown forces at Rosbeg Buncrana and Carndonagh are following abortive raid in Ardara, Co. terrorised by Crown forces.
Donegal. Several Vol’s wounded.

16 23

1936: IRA are proscibed by Free State government.

1763: Birth of Theobald Wolfe Tone.

1798: Battle of Vinegar Hill, Co. 1913: Padraig Pearse gives oration at grave of Tone in Bodenstown, Wexford. 1978: 3 IRA Vol’s & 1 Co. Kildare. 1921: Killygordon, civilian are murdered by underCo. Donegal is terrorised by Black cover British troops in Ballysillan, & Tans. 1922: IRA assasinate Belfast. Sir Henry Wilson.

1798: Henry Joy McCracken leads rising in Antrim.

1848: ‘Irish Felon’, edited by John Martin appears.

1973: Vol’s Dermot Crowley, Sean Loughran & Patrick Carty killed on active service in Omagh, Co Tyrone.

1920: Officer Commanding of the South Sligo Brigade of the IRA, Frank Carty, is rescued from Sligo Jail.

1970: Battle of St. Mathews 1922: Free State forces attack the 1921: IRA attack Crown forces patrol in Ardara, Co. Donegal. On takes place in Belfast. Four Courts in Dublin. the same day the IRA ambushes 1971: First recorded Tyrone IRA 3 lorryloads of RIC, Tans & Army operation in recent campaign. reinforcements at Kilrean, Glenties on their way to Ardara.

REPUBLICAN ROLL OF HONOUR - TIR CHONAILL COMMAND
Capt James McCarron Capt Con Boyle Vol. Michael Heaney Capt Hugh Britton Vol. James Gallagher Lt Owen Duffy Lt. Joseph Duffy Vol. S McCanney Vol. Patrick Flood Vol. William Deasley Vol. William Kearney Capt Hugh Morrison Vol Frank Moy Vol Hugh Gallagher 1921 1921 1921 1921 1921 1921 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 1922 Capt James Connolly Vol Dan Harkin Comdt. Gen. Charles Daly Brig. Gen. Sean Larkin Lt. Dan Enright Lt. Timothy O’Sullivan Comdt Neil Plunkett O’Boyle Vol Dan McConalogue Vol. Owen Boyle Vol. Mary Mc Bride (Cumann na mBan) Vol. Nellie Kelly (Cumann na mBan) 1927 1922 1922 1923 1923 1923 1923 1923 1923 1923 1924

Capt Sean Sharkey Comdt John James Kelly Comdt Charles Mc Cafferty Staff Capt JJ Reynolds Staff Capt Jim Mc Ginn Lt Seamus Harvey Lt Gerard Mc Glynn Vol. Peter McElcar Vol. Patrick Cannon Vol. Antoine Mac Giolla Bhrighde

1934 1938 1938 1938 1973 1973 1973 1976 1976 1984

Vol. Kieran Fleming Vol. Reamonn Mac Lochlainn Vol. Philip Mc Fadden Vol. Damian Brolly

1984 1985 1986 1991

SINN FEIN Padraig O’Seanachain Cllr. Eddie Fullerton 1991 1991

IRA unit on Donegal - Tyrone border

Carndonagh IRA 1922

IRA sniper in action along the border

Iúil
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

July
Sathairn

7 14 21

1970: Criminal Justice (temporary provisions) Bill rushed through Stormont.

1 8

1921: IRA attacks British army patrol in Gweedore, Co. Donegal. 1922: Republican forces occupy building in O’Connell Street, Dublin.

2 9

1970: Falls Road Curfew begins in Belfast.

3

1943: Vol Jackie Griffith is shot dead by Garda Special Branch in Holles Street, Dublin.

4

1922: Cathal Brugha is wounded at Hammers Hotel in Dublin. 1985: IRA attack British at Camels Hump, Strabane.

5

1969: Re-internment of the remains of Barnes & McCormick in Mullingar, County Westmeath.

6

10 17 24

11 18 25

12
1691: Battle of Aughrim, Co. Galway. 1994: RAF helicopter crash lands after mortar strike in Newtownhamiliton, Co Armagh.

13
1981 Death of Martin Hurson on hunger-strike. 1984: Vol Willie Price is killed by SAS in Ardboe, Co Tyrone.

1981: Death of Joe McDonnell 1921: IRA ambush British Army 1972: End of IRA / British truce. troop train at Meenbanad outside on hunger strike. 1997: IRA Vol’s defending Nationalist estate in North Dungloe, Co Donegal. Belfast from Loyalist attack, repel incursion by British Army & RUC.

1921: 3 IRA Vol’s killed in 1921: IRA attack Rear Cross action in Castleisland, Co Kerry. Barracks, Co. Tipperary. 1921: 161 Nationalist homes 1922: IRA ambush Free State burned in Belfast pogroms. forces in Drumkeen, Co Donegal.

1798: John & Henry Spears are hanged.

1798: United Irishman Henry Joy 1803: Explosion at Robert 1958: IRA Commander, Patrick Emmet’s Patrick Street depot. McCracken is hanged inBelfast. McManus is shot dead by RUC 1981: IRA launch M60 machine-gun 1976: Vol’s Peter McElchar & in Fermanagh. attack on British undercover soldiers Patrick Cannon killed on active who are about to carry out ambush service in Co. Tyrone.
in Glasdrumman, South Armagh.

15 22

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1874: Cathal Brugha is born in Dublin.

1920: Glencolumcille RIC 1911: Belfast Dock Strike is led Barracks in Donegal is burned. by James Connolly. 1922:Civil War fighting in Limerick ends.

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20

1973: IRA Vol’s Pauline Kane & Alphonsus Cunningham killed in accidental explosion, Newcastle, Co Down.

1848: Habaes Corpus Act is suspended. 1920: Cork City Magistrates resign.

1803: Robert Emmet’s Rising takes place in Dublin.

1970: Death of John Joe Rice, Kerry No. 2 Brigade.

1970: First meeting of the Irish convention.

1914:Howth gun-running.

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1830: Birth of Fenian John O’Leary in Tipperary.

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1798: United Irishmen John McCann and William Byrne are executed. 1922: Vol Dan Harkin from Churchill, Co. Donegal dies from his wounds in Lifford hospital.

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1848: Young Ireland Rising, Ballingarry, Co. Tipperary.

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1883: Informer James Carey is executed by Patrick O’Donnell from Gweedore, Co. Donegal.

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31
1972:British Army launch Operation Motorman in Derry.

British military evacuate Letterkenny

Lúnasa
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

August
Sathairn

4

5

6

7

1922: Harry Boland is killed by Free State assasination squad in Skerries, Dublin. 1981: Death of Kevin Lynch on Hunger Strike.

1 8

1981: Death of Kieran Doherty in hunger-strike.

2 9

1916: Roger Casement is hanged in London.

3

1855: Young Irelander, Charles Gavin Duffy, is transported to Australia.

1940: Clann Na Gael leader, Joseph McGarrity dies.

1996: Death of Donegal IRA Volunteer Damien McFadden.

1920: IRA attack RIC Patrol in Kildorrey, Co Cork.

1981: Death of Thomas McElwee 1971: Internment is introduced on hunger-strike. in the Six-Counties.

1922: Dunne & O’Sullivan are executed in England. 1973: Vol’s Gerard McGlynn & Seamus Harvey are killed on active service, Co Tyrone.

10 17 24

1972: Vol’s Anne Parker & Michael Clarke are killed in accidental explosion. 1978: IRA ambush SAS on the Letterkenny Rd, Derry.

11 18 25

1969: Battle of Bogside, Derry. 1991: Padraig O’Seanacháin murdered by Loyalists in Aghyaran, Co Tyrone.

12 19 26

1971: Joe Cahilll holds press conference in Belfast during internment round up.

13 20 27

1940: IRA Chief of Staff Sean Russell dies. 1969: British troops appear on the streets of the Six-Counties.

14 21 28

1909: Fianna Eireann founded. 1922: IRA attack Free State 1920: IRA attack RIC forces, Bundoran, Co Donegal. patrol in Ardara, Co. Donegal. 1969: First republican casualty of recent campaign, Fian Gerard 1990: IRA launch mortar attack on Strabane RUC Barracks, McAuley, dies. Co. Tyrone.

15 22 29

16 23 30

1848: Young Irelander John Martin is found guilty of treason felony.

1974: 19 Volunteers escape from 1693: Patrick Sarsfield wounded Portlaoise Prison. at Battle of Landen in Belgium.

1981: Death of Mickey Devine on Hunger Strike.

1798: General Humbert’s expedition arrives off Killala Bay, Co. Mayo.

1882: Death of Fenian Charles J. Kickham.

1825: Death of Michael Dwyer in Australia.

1939: Special Criminal Court set up in Twenty-Six Counties.

31

1920: RIC patrol is attacked by the IRA in Bantry, Co. Cork.

1913: Great Lock-out of workers 1979: Lord Mountbatten executed begins in Dublin. by IRA in Sligo. On the same 1920: IRA attack RIC barracks in day, 18 British soldiers are killed Drumquin, Co. Tyrone. in Narrow Water Ambush.

1920: Major Johnston is shot dead by IRA in Rosbeg, County Donegal.

1971: IRA carries out sniper 1971: IRA ambushes British 1988: Vol’s Gerard & Martin Army patrol on the Monaghan - Harte, along with Vol Brian Mullin attack on British Army patrol in Andersonstown, Belfast. Armagh border. are killed in action in Drumnakilly, Co. Tyrone.

IRA Volunteers marching to take over Finner Camp 1922

Méan Fomhair
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

September
Sathairn

1864: Birth of Roger Casement. 1942: Tom Williams is hanged in 1842: Birth of John Devoy in Kill, Crumlin Road Jail, Belfast. County Kildare.

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3

1920: Belfast Boycott instituted in Waterford.

4

1940: Paddy McGrath 1920: IRA destroy Barracks at Belleek and Fanad. & Thomas Harte are executed in Mountjoy Jail. 1990: IRA destroy Loughgall RUC Barracks, Co. Armagh.

5

6

1981: IRA carry out landmine attack in Cappagh, Co. Tyrone.

7

1908: Scoil Eanna is founded by Padraig Pearse.

.1985: Death of Buncrana IRA Vol Réamonn MacLochlainn.

1602: Death of Red Hugh O’Donnell in Spain.

10 17 24

1649: Massacre by Cromwell’s forces at Drogheda, Co. Louth.

11 18 25

1989: Death of former IRA Chief of Staff, Seamus Twomey.

12 19 26

1936: Vol Sean Glynn dies in Arbour Hill Prison, Dublin.

13

1913: James Connolly begins Hunger Strike.

14

1865: ‘Irish People’ Fenian newspaper suppressed.

15 22

1845: Death of Thomas Davis.

16 23

1920: Reprisals by Crown forces in Galway result in the murder of Councillor Michael Walsh.

1851: Death of Anne Devlin.

1803: ‘Trial’ of Robert Emmett. 1803: Robert Emmett executed in Dublin 1922: 4 IRA Vol’s killed in action by Free State forces in Ballintrillick, Co Leitrim.

20 27

1881: 1916 Leader, Eamonn Ceannt is born.

21 28

1917: Sean Treacy joins Hunger Strike in Mountjoy Jail.

1798: General Humbert surrenders.

1921: Vol. Murtagh McAstocker is murdered by Loyalist gang.

1922: Eithne Coyle is captured in Donegal Town 1983: 38 IRA POW’s break out of H-Blocks.

1920: Vol’s Sean Gaynor & Eamonn Trodden are murdered in Belfast.

1958: Ruairi O’Bradaigh & Daithi O’connaill escape from Curragh Camp.

1964: Sinn Féin office in Divis Street, Belfast is raided by RUC to remove tricolour.

1971: Major gun battle in Clady, Co. Tyrone between Donegal IRA and Crown forces. 1984:Trawler Marita Ann is captured.

29

1942: Vol Paddy Dermody is shot dead by Special Branch in County Cavan.

30

Buncrana IRA Unit, 1922

Deireadh Fómhair
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

October
Sathairn

6

7

1964: Tricolour riots in Belfast.

1 8

1691: Treaty of Limerick is signed. 1932: Unemployed march by 1968: Civil rights march in 1972: IRA blow cover on 2008: Death of Charlie McHugh, Catholics & Protestants in Belfast. Derry is attacked by RUC. Four-square Laundry British Castlederg, Co. Tyrone. 1978: IRA launches gun attack Intelligence Operation in Belfast. on SAS patrol in Dungannon, Co. Tyrone.

2 9

3

4

5

1920: Ardara RIC Barracks attacked 1972: Sinn Féin office in 1973: Belfast republican 1915: Irish Citizen Army Kevin Street closed by Twenty-Six in Donegal. 1922: Vol’s Brendan Seamus Twomey is sentenced to commanded by James Connolly Holahan, Eamonn Hughes & Joseph carries out sham attack on Dublin County government. 3 years at the Special Ciminal Rodgers muredered in Clondalkin by Castle, 1990: Vol’s Dessie Grew Court in Dublin. Free State forces after being arrested for putting up posters.

1798: Bonaparte’s expedition with Tone on-board arrives off Donegal Coast.

10 17 24 31

and Martin McCaughey killed in SAS ambush in Co. Armagh.

1649: Wexford is attacked by Cromwellian forces. 1921: Fintown RIC Barracks, Co. Donegal is burned.

11 18 25

1922: 3 IRA vol’s killed in action in Upton, Co Cork. 1923: Body of Captain Noel Lemass is found in Dublin mountains.

12 19

1920: Dan Breen and Sean Treacy escape during raid on Fernside, Drumcondra, Dublin.

13 20 27

1842: First issue of the Nation 1797: William is Orr hanged 1974: Long Kesh is burned 1920: Sean Treacy shot dead on appears. 1991: IRA launch mortar down. 1992: Sheena Campbell attack near Castlederg, Co. Tyrone. murdered is Loyalists in Belfast. Talbot Street, Dublin,.

14 21 28

15 22

16 23

1803; Birth of Young Irelander, William Smith O’Brien.

1791: Society of United Irishmen founded in Belfast.

1881: ‘No Rent Manifesto’ issued by the Land League.

26

1920: Kevin Barry court1803: Thomas Russell is hanged. martialled.1989: IRA ambush RUC armoured patrol with heavy machine-guns in Newtownhamiton, South Armagh.

1641: Rising begins.

1993: IRA Vol Thomas Begley killed in action in Belfast.

1914: James Connolly becomes 1920: Death of the Lord Mayor of 1803: 21 people who were General Secretary of the ITGWU. Cork, Terence MacSweeney on involved in Emmet’s Rising are Hunger Strike. 1989: IRA launch executed. 1971: Gun battle mortar attack on British Army between IRA & Crown forces, base, Crossmaglen, Co. Armagh. Doneyloop, Co. Derry.

1920: Toureen ambush, County Cork.

1905: Sinn Féin is founded.

1919: 19 newspapers are suppressed and large number of arrests in Ireland.

29

1920: RIC patrol is ambushed 1883: Explosions in Paddington in Killybegs, Co. Donegal. and Westminster railway stations. 1973: Mountjoy helicopter escape.

30

House in Castlefinn where Staff Captain JJ Reynolds and Comdt Charles McCafferty were killed in an accidental explosion in 1938

Samhain
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

November
Sathairn

3
1815: Birth of John Mitchel in Dungiven, County Derry.

4
1920: Tralee, Ballymore and Granard wrecked by Black and Tans.

5 12 19
1798: Death of Theobald Wolfe Tone.

6 13 20
1920: Arrest of Dick McKee and Peadar Clancy in Dublin.

7 14 21
1920: Bloody Sunday, Dublin.

1920: Kevin Barry is hanged in Mountjoy Jail.

1 8

1920: Connaught Ranger, James Daly, is executed in India.

2

9
2008: Death of PJ Branley & Dessie McNulty, Co Donegal.

1972: Maire Drumm, Vice1649: Death of Owen Roe O’Neill. 1847: Fenian Peadar Cotello is President of Sinn Féin is arrested sentenced to 12 years of on charges of incitement in penal servitude. Mullingar, Co. Westmeath.

1798: Wolfe Tone arrives in Dublin under arrest.

1861: Funeral of Terence Bellew MacManus in Dublin.

10 17 24

1957: 4 IRA Volunteers killed in accidental explosion in Edentubber, County Louth.

11 18 25

1848: Maurice O’Neill is hanged in Mountjoy Jail. 1919: IRA attack RIC patrol in Dungloe, Co. Donegal.

1913: James Larkin returns to Ireland.

1918: Seamus O’Kelly dies during attack by British forces on Sinn Féin Headquarters in Dublin.

1973:Vol Michael McVerry is killed in action in Keady, South Armagh.

15 22

1971: Crumlin Road Jail ‘Kangaroo’ escape.

16 23 30

1922: Vol’s James Fisher, Richard 1940: Vol Sean Gaffney dies Twohig, Peter Cassidy and James while interned on prison ship in Gaffney are first of 77 executed in Belfast. Kilmainham Jail in 1922.

1921: 42 IRA Vol’s escape from 1867: Manchester Martyrs Kilkenny Jail.1975: IRA ambush Allen, Larkin and O’Brien are undercover British soldiers at their hanged. hideout in Drumuckavall, Crossmaglen, South Armagh.

1922: Erskine Childers is executed. 1922: 4 IRA Vol’s of the Dublin Brigade executed by Free State forces.

1922: Irish Volunteers founded in 1919: Sinn Féin is proscribed by the British government. Dublin. 1992: IRA Vol Pearse Jordan murdered by RUC in Belfast.

26

1909: Michael Cusack, founder 1920: Kilmichael Ambush, County Cork. 1938: Staff Captain JJ of Gaelic Athlethic Association Reynolds, Comdt John James Kelly dieds.
& Comdt Charles McCafferty killed in action, Castlefinn, Co. Donegal.

27

28

1853: Following escape from Tasmania, John Mitchel arrives in New York.

29

1978: IRA carry out 14 separate bombing operations across the Six-Counties.

IRA patrol, Main Street Clady, 1970’s

Nollaig
Domhnach Luan Máirt Ceadaoin Déardaoin Aoine

December
Sathairn

1922: 3 IRA Vol’s executed by 1984: Deaths of IRA Vol’s Antoine 1922: Three Vol’s killed in action 1972: Fian Bernard Fox killed on against Free State forces. active service by British forces. MacGiolla Bhrighde & Ciaran Free State forces in Dublin. 1983: Vol’s Colm McGirr & Brian Fleming in Fermanagh. 1944: Charlie Kerins is hanged. Campbell are executed by 1971: 30 min gun battle in undercover British soldiers. Castlederg, Co. Tyrone.

1 8

2 9

3

4

1865: Fenian John O’Leary is sentenced to 20 years penal servitude.

5

1920 ‘A’ Specials of RUC begins patrolling Belfast. 1984: Vol’s Daniel Doherty & Willie Fleming killed by undercover soldiers in Derry.

6

1918: Dick Coleman dies of pneumonioa in Usk Prison.

7

10
1856: Gweedore sheep war begins in Donegal.

11
1956: Border Campaign began in the Six-Counties.

12
1956: IRA attack RUC barracks in Fermanagh.

13
1867: Clarkenwell explosion, England.

14
1918: Sinn Fein win 73 seats in General Election.

1922: Barrett, McKelvey, Mellows 1919: Bar Association protest and O’Connor are executed. against proposed Home Rule Bill.

1922: Rory O’Connor, Joe McKelvey, Liam Mellows & Richard Barrett executed in Dublin.1973: Vol Jim McGinn is Killed on active service in Clady, Co Tyrone.

15 22

1940: Curragh burned & Vol Barney Casey is murdered by military police.

16 23

1920: Vol James Looby is shot by 1922: 7 IRA Vol’s from Tipperary 1883: Patrick O’Donnell is hanged for shooting informer British forces in County Tipperary. & Kildare are executed in Dublin. 1982: IRA launch mortar attack James Carey. on Camels hump, Strabane, Co. Tyrone.

17 24

18 25

19 26

1920: Over 30 Black and Tans killed in ambushes.

20 27

1956: Internment introduced in the Six-Counties.

21 28

1956: Border roads are cratered and spiked by RUC.

1939: Magazine Fort raided by IRA.

1592: Red Hugh O’Donnell, Art and Henry O’Neill escape from Dublin Castle.

1939: Derry Prison protest.

1972: Three day Christmas cease-fire by IRA ends.

1942: John Hinchy dies in 1844: Death of James Fintan Mountjoy Jail, Dublin. Lalor. 1972: Vol Eugene Devlin killed on active service in 1971: IRA ambush RUC patrol Strabane, Co Tyrone. in Strabane, Co. Tyrone.

1931: Death of Edward Russell, the last of the Tallaght Fenians. 1993: IRA launch new homemade Armour Piercing Mortar.

29

1991: Death of IRA Vol Damien Brolly, Donegal.

30

1865: Fenian Convention takes place in Chicago.

31