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Sindarin Pronunciation

Vowels
(A/Á/Â) Pronounce them /a/, in the back of your throat, like the A is in the word "father". (E/É/Ê) Pronounce them /ɛ/, in the middle of your mouth. It sounds like the E of "better". (I/Í/Î) Pronounce them /i/, in the front of your mouth, as in the word "machine". The Sindarin I also acts like the consonant Y before vowels. (O/Ó/Ô) Pronounce them /ɔ/ as in the word "thought", in the middle of your mouth. Make an O with your lips. (U/Ú/Û) Pronounce them /u/ as in "brute", in the front of your mouth. Make your lips in the shape of a kiss. (Y/Ý/Ŷ) Pronounce them /y/ like the French U, as in "lune". To make this sound, make your mouth in the shape of the Sindarin (I). Then, shape your lips the same way you shape "U" in Sindarin. Or, take the easy road out and use the Gondorian pronunciation, and say it "i" like the Sindarin "I" above. *Accents on vowels denote extra length on the vowels. Hold the vowels longer. In music this is shown with a tennudo (-) over the note. The circumflex accent (^) is held longer than an acute accent ('). In IPA, the Sindarin circumflex accent would be shown with (ː) and the Sindarin accute accent would be shown with (ˑ). The second one there is not an apostrophe ('). Apostrophes are used to mark where the stress falls in a word.

Diphthongs
(AI) Pronounce this /aj/, as in the word "twine". (AE) Pronounce this /aɛ/, almost exactly the same at (AI) above, just glide into an (E), not an (I). (AU) Pronounce this /au/, as in the word "loud". (AW) Pronounce this /aw/, as in the word "owl".

you shape your mouth the same way that you would when making the L sound. like me. Consonants (All of these only account for one letter each in Tengwar) (I) Before a vowel at the beginning of a word. it acts like a double /ff/. This sound never appears within a word. like a trilled H. but only air will come out. (RH) Pronounce it /r/. just putting more emphasis on the W instead of the E. (C) Pronounce it always as a /k/. (F) When it's at the end of a word. as in the word "boy". (I) is pronounced /j/ and used as a consonant.(EI) Pronounce this /ej/. If there is a consonant before it. (PH) Pronounce it /f/. (L) pronounce it as a /l/. you shape your mouth the same way that you would when making the rolled R sound. (OE) Pronounce this /ɔɛ/. This sound never appears within a word. as in the word "we". When it comes between E or I and a consonant. (G) Pronounce it always as a /g/. as in the word "give". roll it as we sometimes do in the word "growl" If you can't roll an R. then it is two seperate sounds. (R) Pronounce it as an /r/. make an H sound with your throat closed a little. (UI) Pronounce this /uj/. (I) before another vowel doesn't make it a Y consonant. If you see RH inside a word rather than as the first two letters in a word. it is pronounced like "l" in "belt" or "little". as you do for the vowel. as the Y in the word "yellow". It should make a rolled A sound. as in the word "phone". say it as a /v/ as in the word "slave". but only air will come out. If the previous word . and it will sound a little like an H. as in "ray". as in the word "clear". This also applies when (PH) comes at the beginning of a word. L and H. a voiceless R. R and H. a voiceless L. then it is two seperate sounds. or when the (F) would normally be pronouned like a /v/. ending the previous syllable with an /f/ and starting the next syllable with an /f/. as in the word "kill". (LH) Pronounce it /ɬ/. or at the end of a word after E or I. That means. If you see LH inside a word rather than as the first two letters in a word. it behaves like the vowel (I). This is used when a (P) has become an /f/. It'll be a little like gargling water. That means. When (PH) comes between to vowels. If there is an accent on the (I) you always pronounce it /i/.

When looking for where to place stress. as in the name "Bach". There is one vowel or diphthong per a syllable.ends in a vowel. then it is two seperate sounds. (ER) Pronounce it /ɛr/. it should feel a little as though you are hocking a loogy. as aparently. it isn't found in Westron. as in the word "tour". This sound never appears within a word. Therefore. like in the word "finger". (DH) Pronounce it /ð/. as in the word "ear". (NG) Pronounce it /ŋ/. as in the word "white". (IR) Pronounce it /ir/. We make this sound in the word "the" and "blithe". (HW) Pronounce it /ʍ/. just like when it is between two vowels inside a word. as in the word "fair". and the next one starting with an (G). The rest of the letters are pronounced as we pronounce them in English. they simply turned (CH) into an (H). Where the stress falls Syllables are determined by vowel-sounds. . (CH) Pronounce it /x/. If you see HW inside a word rather than as the first two letters in a word. look only at the last three syllables. Remember that the R is still rolled. The Gondorians had dificulty making this sound. (UR) Pronounce it /ur/. If you have one word ending in a (N). then the previous word's ending gets an /f/ added to it. Say it in the back of your mouth. When it is between two vowels. It may tickle your tongue a little. the (N) becomes /ŋ/. (TH) Pronounce it /θ/. It's a really airy W. If the word before a word starting in (NG) ends with a vowel. make the TH sound. and the word starts with it too. Vowel-Consonant Combinations The only reason these are listed are because Tolkien wanted to make sure we didn't English-ize the vowel+R. like the TH in the word "nothing". then the (NG) is pronounced /ŋg/. or gargling without anything in your mouth. H and W. and there should be a gap between your teeth and your tongue. Your tongue should be sticking out a little. thus the word "Rohan" instead of "Rochan". If you don't know what this symbol means. as in the word "sing". Close the gap to make the sound. pronounce it with both the N and the G.

as in the word "loud". If the 2nd to last syllable in a word has one of these special markers. OE. in the front of your mouth. Diphthongs (AI) Pronounce this /aj/. *Accents on vowels denote extra length on the vowels. Hold the vowels longer. in the middle of your mouth. (Ó) Pronounce it /o/ as in the word "oat". It sounds like the AY of "ray". Make your lips in the shape of a kiss. (É) Pronounce it /ej/. If it is longer than 3 syllables. as in the word "machine". or 3 syllables long then the first syllable gets the stress. AI. DH. and UI) 3. They can be two of the same letter side by side. 2. It sounds like the E of "better". (AU) Pronounce this /au/. Multiple Consonants (This only counts if they come at the end of the syllable. like the A is in the word "father". Make an O with your lips. in the middle of your mouth. the 3rd syllable from the end gets the stress. 1. (E) Pronounce it /ɛ/. the long vowel is shown with (ː). in the front of your mouth. AU. In IPA.) Quenya Pronunciation Vowels (A/Á) Pronounce them /a/. . in the middle of your mouth. In music this is shown with a tennudo (-) over the note.   If the word is 1. EI. Accents (Acute and Circumflex) 2. in the middle of your mouth. it gets the stress instead of the 3rd syllable from the end. They could also be several different consonants next to each other. as in the word "twine". and TH only count as one consonant. (U/Ú) Pronounce them /u/ as in "brute". (I/Í) Pronounce them /i/. Remember that CH. Diphthongs (AE. in the back of your throat. Make an O with your lips. AW. (O) Pronounce it /ɔ/ as in the word "thought".

you shape your mouth the same way that you would when making the rolled R sound. as in the word "boy". (HW) Pronounce it /ʍ/. It'll be a little like gargling water. (Ñ) Pronounce it /ŋ/. as in the word "ruin". as in the word "kill". (TY) Pronounce it /tj/ as in "at you". (NG) Pronounce it /ŋg/. you shape your mouth the same way that you would when making the L sound.) (C) Pronounce it always as a /k/. as in the word "finger". roll it as we sometimes do in the word "growl" If you can't roll an R. but only air will come out. It takes two Tengwar.(IU) Pronounce this /iu/. (HR) Pronounce it /r/. like the TH in the word "nothing". as in the word "phone". like a trilled H. (UI) Pronounce this /uj/. The human speakers would pronounce this /ʧ/ as in the word "church". a voiceless L. like IU above. as in the word "white". That means. but only air will come out. Consonants (Most of these only account for one Tengwa each. (EU) Pronounce this /ɛu/. (HT) Pronounce it /xt/. as in "behold". (G) Pronounce it always as a /g/. (TH) Pronounce it /θ/. This sound only appears inside of words. except with an E instead of a I. and it will sound a little like an H. as in "music". as in the CH of "Bach" and the T in "street". It takes two Tengwar. It's a really airy W. as in the word "queen". (QU) Pronounce it /kw/. . It takes two Tengwar. a voiceless R. (R) Pronounce it as an /r/. That means. like me. as in the word "give". (HL) Pronounce it /ɬ/. It should make a rolled A sound. (H) Pronounce it /h/. I'll mark the ones that don't. (PH) Pronounce it /f/. make an H sound with your throat closed a little. (OI) Pronounce this /ɔj/. as in the word "sing".

Where the stress falls Syllables are determined by vowel-sounds. QU. (ER) Pronounce it /ɛr/. HR.The rest of the letters are pronounced as we pronounce them in English. OI. Vowel-Consonant Combinations The only reason these are listed are because Tolkien wanted to make sure we didn't English-ize the vowel+R. HL. PH. as in the word "ear". AU. If the 2nd to last syllable in a word has one of these special markers.) . Remember that the R is still rolled. it gets the stress instead of the 3rd syllable from the end. or 3 syllables long then the first syllable gets the stress. They can be two of the same letter side by side. When looking for where to place stress. There is one vowel or diphthong per a syllable. 1. (IR) Pronounce it /ir/. and TH only count as one consonant. look only at the last three syllables. the 3rd syllable from the end gets the stress. EU. They could also be several different consonants next to each other. (UR) Pronounce it /ur/. Remember that HW. If it is longer than 3 syllables. Multiple Consonants (This only counts if they come at the end of the syllable. and UI) 3. Accents 2.    If the word is 1. as in the word "fair". as in the word "tour". IU. 2. Diphthongs (AI.