You are on page 1of 7

Limites Trigonomtricos Resolvidos

Sete pginas e 34 limites resolvidos




1

Usar o limite fundamental e alguns artifcios : 1 lim
0

x
senx
x


1.
x
x
x sen
lim
0
= ?
x
x
x sen
lim
0
=
0
0
, uma indeterminao.
x
x
x sen
lim
0
=
x
x x sen
1
lim
0
=
x
x
x
sen
lim
1
0
= 1 logo
x
x
x sen
lim
0
= 1
2.
x
x
x
4 sen
lim
0
= ?
x
x
x
4 sen
lim
0
=
0
0

x
x
x 4
4 sen
. 4 lim
0
= 4.
y
y
y
sen
lim
0
=4.1= 4 logo
x
x
x
4 sen
lim
0
=4
3.
x
x
x 2
5 sen
lim
0
= ?
x
x
x 5
5 sen
.
2
5
lim
0

y
y
y
sen
.
2
5
lim
0 2
5
logo
x
x
x 2
5 sen
lim
0
=
2
5

4.
nx
mx
x
sen
lim
0
= ?
nx
mx
x
sen
lim
0
=
mx
mx
n
m
x
sen
. lim
0
=
n
m
.
y
y
y
sen
lim
0
=
n
m
.1=
n
m
logo
nx
mx
x
sen
lim
0
=
n
m

5.
x
x
x 2 sen
3 sen
lim
0
= ?
x
x
x 2 sen
3 sen
lim
0
=

x
x
x
x
x 2 sen
3 sen
lim
0

x
x
x
x
x
2
2 sen
. 2
3
3 sen
. 3
lim
0
.
2
3
2
2 sen
lim
3
3 sen
lim
0
0

x
x
x
x
x
x
. 1 .
2
3
sen
lim
sen
lim
0
0

t
t
y
y
t
y
=
2
3
logo
x
x
x 2 sen
3 sen
lim
0
=
2
3

6.
sennx
senmx
x 0
lim

= ?
nx
mx
x sen
sen
lim
0
=
x
nx
x
mx
x sen
sen
lim
0
=
nx
nx
n
mx
mx
m
x sen
.
sen
.
lim
0
=
nx
nx
mx
mx
n
m
x sen
sen
. lim
0
=
n
m
Logo
sennx
senmx
x 0
lim

=
n
m

7.
x
tgx
x 0
lim ?
x
tgx
x 0
lim
0
0

x
tgx
x 0
lim
x
x
x
x
cos
sen
lim
0

x x
x
x
1
.
cos
sen
lim
0

x x
x
x cos
1
.
sen
lim
0
=
x x
x
x x cos
1
lim .
sen
lim
0 0
= 1 Logo
x
tgx
x 0
lim 1
8.
( )
1
1
lim
2
2
1

a
a tg
a
= ?
( )
1
1
lim
2
2
1

a
a tg
a
=
0
0
Fazendo

'


0
1
, 1
2
t
x
a t
( )
t
t tg
t 0
lim

=1
logo
( )
1
1
lim
2
2
1

a
a tg
a
=1
Limites Trigonomtricos Resolvidos
Sete pginas e 34 limites resolvidos


2
9.
x x
x x
x 2 sen
3 sen
lim
0 +

= ?
x x
x x
x 2 sen
3 sen
lim
0 +

=
0
0
( )
x x
x x
x f
2 sen
3 sen
+

,
_

,
_

x
x
x
x
x
x
5 sen
1 .
3 sen
1 .
=

,
_

,
_

x
x
x
x
x
x
. 5
5 sen
. 5 1 .
. 3
3 sen
. 3 1 .
=
x
x
x
x
. 5
5 sen
. 5 1
. 3
3 sen
. 3 1
+


0
lim
x
x
x
x
x
. 5
5 sen
. 5 1
. 3
3 sen
. 3 1
+

=
5 1
3 1
+

=
6
2
=
3
1
logo
x x
x x
x 2 sen
3 sen
lim
0 +

=
3
1

10.
3
0
sen
lim
x
x tgx
x

= ?
3
0
sen
lim
x
x tgx
x

=
x
x
x
x x
x
x cos 1
1
.
sen
.
cos
1
.
sen
lim
2
2
0 +
=
2
1

( )
3
sen
x
x tgx
x f

=
3
sen
cos
sen
x
x
x
x

=
3
cos
cos . sen sen
x
x
x x x
=
( )
x x
x x
cos .
cos 1 . sen
3

=
x
x
x
x
x
cos
cos 1
.
1
.
sen
2

=
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
cos 1
cos 1
.
cos
cos 1
.
1
.
sen
2
+
+
=
x
x
x
x x
x
cos 1
1
.
cos 1
.
cos
1
.
sen
2
2
+

=
x
x
x
x x
x
cos 1
1
.
sen
.
cos
1
.
sen
2
2
+

Logo
3
0
sen
lim
x
x tgx
x

=
2
1

11.
3
0
sen 1 1
lim
x
x tgx
x
+ +

=?
x tgx x
x tgx
x
sen 1 1
1
.
sen
lim
3
0
+ + +

=
x tgx
x
x
x
x x
x
x
sen 1 1
1
.
cos 1
1
.
sen
.
cos
1
.
sen
lim
2
2
0
+ + +
+
=
2
1
.
2
1
.
1
1
.
1
1
. 1 =
4
1

( )
3
1 1
x
senx tgx
x f
+ +
=
x tgx x
x tgx
sen 1 1
1
.
sen 1 1
3
+ + +
+
=
x tgx x
x tgx
sen 1 1
1
.
sen
3
+ + +


3
0
sen 1 1
lim
x
x tgx
x
+ +

=
4
1

12.
a x
a x
a x

sen sen
lim = ?
a x
a x
a x

sen sen
lim =

,
_

,
_

,
_

2
. 2
2
cos .
2
sen 2
lim
a x
a x a x
a x
=
1
2
cos .
.
2
. 2
)
2
sen( 2
lim

,
_

,
_

a x
a x
a x
a x
= a cos Logo
a x
a x
a x

sen sen
lim = cosa
Limites Trigonomtricos Resolvidos
Sete pginas e 34 limites resolvidos


3
13.
( )
a
x a x
a
sen sen
lim
0
+

= ?
( )
a
x a x
a
sen sen
lim
0
+

=
1
2
cos .
.
2
. 2
2
sen 2
lim

,
_

+ +

,
_

,
_

x a x
a x
x a x
a a
=
1
2
2
cos .
.
2
. 2
2
sen 2
lim

,
_

,
_

,
_

a x
a
a
a a
= x cos Logo
( )
a
x a x
a
sen sen
lim
0
+

=cosx
14.
( )
a
x a x
a
cos cos
lim
0
+

= ?
( )
a
x a x
a
cos cos
lim
0
+

=
a
x a x x a x
a

,
_

,
_

+ +

2
sen .
2
sen 2
lim
0
=

,
_

,
_

,
_

2
. 2
2
sen .
2
2
sen . 2
lim
0
a
a a x
a
=

,
_

,
_

,
_

2
2
sen
.
2
2
sen lim
0
a
a
a x
a
= x sen Logo
( )
a
x a x
a
cos cos
lim
0
+

=-senx
15.
a x
a x
a x

sec sec
lim = ?
a x
a x
a x

sec sec
lim =
a x
a x
a x

cos
1
cos
1
lim =
a x
a x
x a
a x

cos . cos
cos cos
lim =
( ) a x a x
x a
a x cos . cos .
cos cos
lim

=
( ) a x a x
x a x a
a x cos . cos .
2
sen .
2
sen . 2
lim

,
_

,
_

=
a x x a
x a x a
a x cos . cos
1
.
2
. 2
2
sen
.
1
2
sen . 2
lim

,
_

,
_

,
_

=
a x x a
x a x a
a x cos . cos
1
.
2
2
sen
.
1
2
sen
lim

,
_

,
_

,
_

=
a a
a
cos . cos
1
. 1 .
1
sen
=
a a
a
cos
1
.
cos
sen
= a tga sec . Logo
a x
a x
a x

sec sec
lim = a tga sec .
16.
x
x
x sec 1
lim
2
0
= ?
x
x
x sec 1
lim
2
0
=
( ) x x
x
x
x
cos 1
1
.
cos
1
.
sen
1
lim
2
2
0
+

=
2

( )
x
x
x f
cos
1
1
2

=
x
x
x
cos
1 cos
2

=
( ) x
x x
cos 1 . 1
cos .
2

=
( ) ( )
( ) x
x
x
x
x
cos 1
cos 1
.
cos
1
.
cos 1
1
2
+
+

=
( ) x x
x
x
cos 1
1
.
cos
1
.
cos 1
1
2
2
+

=
( ) x x
x
x
cos 1
1
.
cos
1
.
sen
1
2
2
+


Limites Trigonomtricos Resolvidos
Sete pginas e 34 limites resolvidos


4
17.
tgx
gx
x

1
cot 1
lim
4

= ?
tgx
gx
x

1
cot 1
lim
4

=
tgx
tgx
x

1
1
1
lim
4

=
tgx
tgx
tgx
x

1
1
lim
4

=
tgx
tgx
tgx
x

1
) 1 .( 1
lim
4

=
tgx
x
1
lim
4

= 1 Logo
tgx
gx
x

1
cot 1
lim
4

= -1
18.
x
x
x
2
3
0
sen
cos 1
lim

= ?
x
x
x
2
3
0
sen
cos 1
lim

=
( )( )
x
x x x
x
2
2
0
cos 1
cos cos 1 . cos 1
lim

+ +

=
( )( )
( )( ) x x
x x x
x cos 1 . cos 1
cos cos 1 . cos 1
lim
2
0 +
+ +

=
x
x x
x cos 1
cos cos 1
lim
2
0 +
+ +

=
2
3
Logo
x
x
x
2
3
0
sen
cos 1
lim

=
2
3

19.
x
x
x
cos . 2 1
3 sen
lim
3

= ?
x
x
x
cos . 2 1
3 sen
lim
3

=
( )
1
cos . 2 1 . sen
lim
3
x x
x
+

= 3
( )
x
x
x f
cos . 2 1
3 sen

=
( )
x
x x
cos . 2 1
2 sen

+
=
x
x x x x
cos . 2 1
cos . 2 sen 2 cos . sen

+
=
( )
x
x x x x x
cos . 2 1
cos . cos . sen . 2 1 cos 2 . sen
2

+
=
( ) [ ]
x
x x x
cos . 2 1
cos 2 1 cos 2 . sen
2 2

+
=
[ ]
x
x x
cos . 2 1
1 cos 4 . sen
2

=
( )( )
x
cox cox x
cos . 2 1
. 2 1 . . 2 1 . sen

+
=
( )
1
cos . 2 1 . sen x x +


20.
tgx
x x
x

1
cos sen
lim
4

= ?
tgx
x x
x

1
cos sen
lim
4

= ( ) x
x
cos lim
4

=
2
2

( )
tgx
x x
x f

1
cos sen
=
x
x
x x
cos
sen
1
cos sen

=
x
x
x x
cos
sen
1
cos sen

=
x
x x
x x
cos
sen cos
cos sen

=
( )
x
x x
x x
cos
cos sen . 1
cos sen

=
x x
x x x
sen cos
cos
.
1
cos sen

= x cos
21. ( ) ) sec( cos . 3 lim
3
x x
x

= ? ( ) ) sec( cos . 3 lim


3
x x
x

= . 0
( ) ( ) ) sec( cos . 3 x x x f =( )
( ) x
x
sen
1
. 3 =
( ) x
x

sen
3
=
( ) x
x

3 sen
3
=
( )
( ) x
x

3 .
3 sen .
1


=
( )
( ) x
x

3
3 sen .
1
( ) ) sec( cos . 3 lim
3
x x
x

=
( )
( ) x
x x


3
3 sen .
1
lim
3
=

1

22. )
1
sen( . lim
x
x
x
= ? )
1
sen( . lim
x
x
x
= 0 .
x
x
x 1
1
sen
lim

,
_

= 1
sen
lim
0

t
t
t
Fazendo

'

0
1
t
x
x
t
Limites Trigonomtricos Resolvidos
Sete pginas e 34 limites resolvidos


5
23.
1 sen . 3 sen . 2
1 sen sen . 2
lim
2
2
6
+
+

x x
x x
x

= ?
1 sen . 3 sen . 2
1 sen sen . 2
lim
2
2
6
+
+

x x
x x
x

=
x
x
x sen 1
sen 1
lim
6
+
+

=
6
sen 1
6
sen 1

+
+
=
2
1
1
2
1
1
+
+
= 3 ( )
1 sen . 3 sen . 2
1 sen sen . 2
2
2
+
+

x x
x x
x f =
( )
( ) 1 sen .
2
1
sen
1 sen .
2
1
sen

,
_

+
,
_

x x
x x
=
( )
( ) 1 sen
1 sen

+
x
x
=
x
x
sen 1
sen 1
+
+

24. ( )
,
_

2
. 1 lim
1
x
tg x
x

= ? ( )
,
_

2
. 1 lim
1
x
tg x
x

= . 0 ( ) ( )
,
_


2
. 1
x
tg x x f

=
( )
,
_


2 2
cot . 1
x
g x

=
( )

,
_

2 2
1
x
tg
x

=
( )

,
_

2 2
2
. 1 .
2
x
tg
x

=
( ) x
x
tg

,
_

1 .
2
2 2
2

,
_

,
_

2 2
2 2
2
x
x
tg


( )
,
_

2
. 1 lim
1
x
tg x
x

,
_

,
_

2 2
2 2
2
lim
1
x
x
tg
x

=
( )
t
t tg
t 0
lim
2

2
Fazendo uma mudana de varivel,
temos :

'


0
1
2 t
x
x
x
t


25.
( ) x
x
x sen
1
lim
2
1

= ?
( ) x
x
x sen
1
lim
2
1

=
( )
( ) x
x
x
x

+
sen .
1
lim
1
=

2

( )
x
x
x f
sen
1
2

=
( )( )
( ) x
x x

+
sen
1 . 1
=
( )
( ) x
x
x

+
1
sen
1

=
( )
( ) x
x
x

+
1 .
sen .
1


=
( )
( ) x
x
x

+
sen .
1

26.

,
_

x g x g
x
2
cot . 2 cot lim
0

= ?

,
_

x g x g
x
2
cot . 2 cot lim
0

= 0 .
( )
,
_

x g x g x f
2
cot . 2 cot

= tgx x g . 2 cot =
x tg
tgx
2
=
x tg
tgx
tgx
2
1
2

=
tgx
x tg
tgx
. 2
1
.
2

=
2
1
2
x tg

,
_

x g x g
x 2
cot . 2 cot lim
0

=
2
1
lim
2
0
x tg
x

=
2
1

27.
x
x x
x
2
3
0
sen
cos cos
lim

=
11 10 2
2
1
... 1
lim
t t t t
t
t
+ + + + +

=
12
1

( )
x
x x
x f
2
3
sen
cos cos
=
12
2 3
1 t
t t

=
( )
( )( )
11 10 2
2
... 1 . 1
1 .
t t t t t
t t
+ + + + +

=
11 10 2
2
... 1 t t t t
t
+ + + + +


6 3 . 2
cos cos x x t

'

1
0
t
x
x t cos
6
, x t
2 12
cos ,
12 2
1 sen t x
Limites Trigonomtricos Resolvidos
Sete pginas e 34 limites resolvidos


6
BriotxRuffini :
1 0 0 ... 0 -1
1 1 1 ... 1 1
1 1 1 ... 1 0


28.
x x
x x
x sen cos
1 2 cos 2 sen
lim
4

= ?
x x
x x
x sen cos
1 2 cos 2 sen
lim
4

= ( ) x
x
cos . 2 lim
4

=
4
cos . 2

=
2
2
. 2 =
2
( )
x x
x x
x f
sen cos
1 2 cos 2 sen


=
( )
x x
x x x
sen cos
1 1 cos 2 cos sen . 2
2


=
x x
x x x
sen cos
1 1 cos 2 cos . sen . 2
2

+
=
x x
x x x
sen cos
cos 2 cos . sen . 2
2

=
( )
x x
x x x
sen cos
sen cos . cos . 2


= x cos . 2
29.
( )
1 1 2
1 sen
lim
1

x
x
x
= ?
( )
1 1 2
1 sen
lim
1

x
x
x
=
( )
( ) 1
1 1 2
.
1
1 sen
.
2
1
lim
1
+

x
x
x
x
= 1
( )
( )
1 1 2
1 sen

x
x
x f =
( )
1 1 2
1 1 2
.
1 1 2
1 sen
+
+

x
x
x
x
=
( )
1
1 1 2
.
1 1 2
1 sen +

x
x
x
=
( )
( ) 1
1 1 2
.
1 . 2
1 sen +

x
x
x
=
( )
( ) 1
1 1 2
.
1
1 sen
.
2
1 +

x
x
x

30.
3
cos . 2 1
lim
3

x
x
x
= ?
3
cos . 2 1
lim
3

x
x
x
=

,
_

,
_

,
_

2
3
2
3
sen
.
2
3
sen . 2 lim
3 x
x
x
x

=
.
2
3 3
sen . 2

,
_

+

= .
2
3
2
sen . 2

,
_


= .
3
sen . 2
,
_


= 3
2
3
. 2
( )
3
cos . 2 1

x
x
x f =
3
cos
2
1
. 2

,
_

x
x
=
3
cos
3
cos . 2

,
_

x
x
=
( )

,
_

,
_

,
_

2
3
. 2 . 1
2
3
sen .
2
3
sen 2 . 2
x
x x

,
_

,
_

,
_

+
2
3
2
3
sen .
2
3
sen . 2
x
x x

,
_

,
_

,
_

+
2
3
2
3
sen
.
2
3
sen . 2
x
x
x


31.
x x
x
x sen .
2 cos 1
lim
0

= ?
x x
x
x sen .
2 cos 1
lim
0

=
x
x
x
sen . 2
lim
3

=2
Limites Trigonomtricos Resolvidos
Sete pginas e 34 limites resolvidos


7
( )
x x
x
x f
sen .
2 cos 1
=
( )
x x
x
sen .
sen 2 1 1
2

=
x x
x
sen .
sen 2 1 1
2
+
=
x x
x
sen .
sen . 2
2
=
x
x sen . 2


32.
x x
x
x
sen 1 sen 1
lim
0
+

= ?
x x
x
x
sen 1 sen 1
lim
0
+

=
x
x
x x
x sen . 2
sen 1 sen 1
lim
0
+ +

=
1 . 2
1 1+

=1
( )
x x
x
x f
sen 1 sen 1 +
=
( )
( ) x x
x x x
sen 1 sen 1
sen 1 sen 1 .
+
+ +
=
( )
x x
x x x
sen 1 sen 1
sen 1 sen 1 .
+ +
+ +
=

( )
x
x x x
sen . 2
sen 1 sen 1 . + +
=
x
x
x x
sen
. 2
sen 1 sen 1 + +
=
1 . 2
1 1+
= 1
33.
x x
x
x sen cos
2 cos
lim
0
=
1
sen cos
lim
0
x x
x
+

=
2
2
2
2
+ = 2
( )
x x
x
x f
sen cos
2 cos

=
( )
( )( ) x x x x
x x x
sen cos . sen cos
sen cos . 2 cos
+
+
=
( )
x x
x x x
2 2
sen cos
sen cos . 2 cos

+
=
( )
x
x x x
2 cos
sen cos . 2 cos +
=
( )
x
x x x
2 cos
sen cos . 2 cos +
=
1
sen cos x x +
=
2
2
2
2
+ = 2
34.
3
sen . 2 3
lim
3

x
x
x
= ?
3
sen . 2 3
lim
3

x
x
x
=
3
sen
2
3
. 2
lim
3

,
_

x
x
x
=
3
sen
3
sen . 2
lim
3

,
_

x
x
x
=
3
2
3
cos .
2
3
sen . 2
lim
3

,
_

,
_

,
_

x
x x
x
=
3
3
2
3
3
cos .
2
3
3
sen . 2
lim
3

,
_

,
_

,
_

x
x x
x
=
( )
3
3 . 1
6
3
cos .
6
3
sen . 2
lim
3
x
x x
x

,
_

,
_

,
_



35. ?