Controlled Substances – Uses and Effects

DRUGS CSA SCHEDULES TRADE OR OTHER NAMES MEDICAL USES DEPENDENCE Physical Psychological TOLERANCE USUAL METHODS OF ADMINISTRATION POSSIBLE EFFECTS EFFECTS OF OVERDOSE WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME

DURATIO N (Hours)

NARCOTICS
Opium II III V Dover's Powder, Paregoric, Parepectolin Morphine, MS-Contin, Roxanol, Roxanol-SR Tylenol w/Codeine, Empirin w/Codeine, Robitussan A-C, Fiorinal w/Codeine I Diacetylmorphine, Horse, Smack Analgesic, Antidiarrheal Analgesic, Antitussive High High Yes 3-6 Oral, smoked Euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea Slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, possible death Watery eyes, runny nose, yawning, loss of appetite, irritability, tremors, panic, cramps, nausea, chills, and sweating

Morphine

II III

High

High

Yes

3-6

Oral, smoked, injected Oral, injected

Codeine

Analgesic, Antitussive

Moderate

Moderate

Yes

3-6

Heroin

None

High

High

Yes

3-6

Injected, sniffed, smoked Oral, injected Oral, injected Oral, injected

Hydromorphone Meperidine (Pethidine) Methadone

II II II

Dilaudid Demerol, Mepergan Dolophine, Methadone, Methadose Numorphan, Percodan, Percocet, Tylox, Tussionex, Fentanyl, Darvon, Lomotil, 2 Talwin

Analgesic Analgesic Analgesic

High High High

High High High-Low

Yes Yes Yes

3-6 3-6 12-24

Other NarcoticsI II III IV V

Analgesic, antidiarrheal, antitussive

High-Low

High-Low

Yes

Variable

Oral, injected

DEPRESSANTS
Chloral Hydrate Barbiturates IV II III IV Noctec Amytal, Butisol, Florinal, Lotusate, Nembutal, Seconal, Tuinal, Phenobarbital Hypnotic Anesthetic, anticonvulsant, sedative, hypnotic, veterinary euthanasic agent Antianxiety, anticonvulsant, sedative, hypnotic Moderate HighMod. Moderate High-Mod. Yes Yes 5-8 1-16 Oral Oral Slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without odor of alcohol Shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, possible death Anxiety, insomnia, tremors, delirium, convulsions, possible death

Benzodiazepines

IV

Ativan, Dalmane, Dlazepam, Librium, Xanax, Serax, Valium, Tranxexe, Verstran, Versed, Halcion, Paxipam, Restoril Quaalude Doriden Equanil, Miltown, Noludar, Placidyl, Valmid

Low

Low

Yes

4-8

Oral

Methaqualone Glutethimide Other Depressants

I III III IV

Sedative, hypnotic Sedative, hypnotic Antianxiety, sedative, hypnotic

High High Moderate

High Moderate Moderate

Yes Yes Yes

4-8 4-8 4-8

Oral Oral Oral

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Controlled Substances - Uses and Effects
DRUGS CSA SCHEDULES TRADE OR OTHER NAMES MEDICAL USES DEPENDENCE Physical Psychological TOLERANCE USUAL METHODS OF ADMINISTRATION POSSIBLE EFFECTS EFFECTS OF OVERDOSE WITHDRAWA L SYNDROME

DURAT ION (Hours )

STIMULANTS
Cocaine
1

II

Coke, Flake, Snow, Crack

Local anesthetic

Possible

High

Yes

1-2

Sniffed, smoked, injected Oral, injected

Amphetamines

II

Biphetamine, Delcobase, Desoxyn, Dexedrine, Obetrol Preludin Ritalin

Attention deficit disorders, narcolepsy, weight control Weight control Attention deficit disorders, narcolepsy Weight control

Possible

High

Yes

2-4

Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite

Agitation, increase in body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death

Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, disorientation

Phenmetrazine Methylphenidate

II II

Possible Possible

High Moderate

Yes Yes

2-4 2-4

Oral, injected Oral, injected

Other Stimulants

III IV

Adipex, Cylert, Didrex, Ionamin, Mellat, Plagine, Sanorex, Tenuate, Taperul, Prelu-2

Possible

High

Yes

2-4

Oral, injected

HALLUCINOGENS
LSD Mescaline and Peyote Amphetamine Variants I I I Acid, Microdot Mexc, Buttons, Cactus 2.5-DMA, PMA, STP, MDA, MDMA, TMA, DOM, DOB PCP, Angel Dust, Hog None None None None None Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes Yes Yes 8-12 8-12 Variabl e Days Oral Oral Oral, injected Illusions and hallucinations, poor perception of time and distance Longer, more intense "trip" episodes, psychosis, possible death Withdrawal syndrome not reported

Phencyclidine

II

None

Unknown

High

Yes

Smoked, oral, injected Smoked, oral, injected Smoked, oral, injected, sniffed

Phencyclidine Analogues I

PCE, PCPy, TCP

None

Unknown

High

Yes

Days

Other Hallucinogens

I

Buloterine, Ibogaine, DMT, DET, Psilocybin, Psilocyn

None

None

Unknown

Possible

Variabl e

CANNABIS
Marijuana I Pot, Acapulco Gold, Grass, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Thai Sticks None Unknown Moderate Yes 2-4 Smoked, oral Euphoria, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite, disoriented behavior Fatigue, paranoia, possible psychosis Insomnia, hyperactivity, and decreased appetite occasionally reported

Tetrahydrocannabinol

I II

THC, Marinol

Cancer chemotherapy, antinauseant None None
2

Unknown

Moderate

Yes

2-4

Smoked, oral

Hashish Hashish Oil
1

I I

Hash Hash Oil

Unknown Unknown

Moderate Moderate

Yes Yes

2-4 2-4

Smoked, oral Smoked, oral

Designated a narcotic under the GSA.

Not designated a narcotic under the GSA.

APPENDIX B

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