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Republic

of the Philippines Department of Public Works and Highways Manila


FLOOD MANAGEMENT MASTER PLAN FOR METRO MANILA AND SURROUNDING AREAS
- September 2012 -

Master Plan for Flood Management in Metro Manila and Surrounding Areas
ObjecMve The Master Plan is prepared to establish the road map/vision for sustainable and eec:ve Flood Management in Metro Manila and Surrounding Areas un:l 2035.

19 km2 169 km2 69 km2

635 km2

Based on river basins: Pasig-Marikina River Basin and Laguna Lake Basin. Total area: 4,354 km2 Total Popula:on: 17.1 M

72 km2 15 km2 95 km2

Boundary of Study Area and the River Basins


3280 km2

Guiding Principles for Master Plan Development


1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Adopt Integrated Water Resources Management Principles and River Basin Approach Develop safe society with resiliency to oods through: Structural measures for the rivers basins and waterways Structural measures for Laguna Lakeshore, and Improvement of urban drainage system Improvement of the Flood Informa:on and Warning System (FIWS) Establish integrated and consistent Flood Risk Management (FRM) ins:tu:onal system Strengthen community-based ood risk management Land use and solid waste U:liza:on of runo waters as water resources, etc. Reforesta:on and watershed management
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Three Major Flooding Occurrence:

(1) Huge volume of water coming from Sierra Madre (2) Drainage capacity constraints in core area of Metro Manila (3) Low lying communi:es around Manila Bay & Laguna Lake

Small Dam Marikina Dam

900
Retarding Basin

3,600
RAM & FPM

Retarding Basin

2,400
RAM & Small Wall RAM & Small Wall

FPM Dredging

2,900

Dike and Excavation

1,800

1,750

3,000 1,000
Flood Wall

1,000 1,200 800 (600*) 2,000 600

850(750**)

Flood Wall Rehabiritation of Rehabilitation of Floodway Floodway

Heightening of Wall

RAM River Area Management FPM Flood Plain Management

Note: Estimated population in Flood Risk Level-3 & 4.: 773,940 in NCR 294,000 in Laguna Lake

Population exposed to Flood Risk (unit:1000)


Level-1 Low Overow from Major rivers Around Laguna Lake 1,210 140 Level-2 Medium 929 7 Level-3 High 696 294 Level-4 Very High 175 0 Total 1-4 3,010 441

Flood Risk Map on Danger of Casualty-Risk Level


(100-year Flood for the Rivers, and 2009 water level for Laguna Lake)

Flood CondiMon without Project Exis%ng Condi%on (100-year Return Period)

Flood CondiMon with Project River Improvement and Large Flood Control Dam (100-year Return Period)

Pasig-Marikina River

Pasig-Marikina River

Proposed Components and Measures in DICAMM


RehabilitaMon of 15 Major Pumping StaMons Rehab. of Drainage Channel Removal of Obstruc:ons within drainage channels with se`lements Dredging and Declogging Rehab. of Drainage Mains AddiMonal Drainage Mains / Box Culverts

Laguna Lakeshore: Long-list of AlternaMves


Cainta Pasig Mahaba Tanay Mangahan P'que Spillway D redgi ng Paraaque Zapote P araaque S pil ay lw P araaque R i ver I provem ent m P arti L ake S hore D i & al ke Land R i ng si P araaque R i ver I provem ent m Sta. Maria IImprovement of f S t. m provem ent o Sta. MMaria R i ari River a ver I provem ent of T anay m Ri ver

Spil ay to P aci c lw fi O cean by T unnel

Pagsanjan Sta. Rosa R i R oad D i ng ke

Sta. Cruz I provem ent of m P agsanhan R i ver I provem ent of S ta. m C ruz R i ver

I provem ent of S ta. m R osa R i ver

San Cristobal

I provem ent of S ta. m R osa R i ver

San Juan

I Improvement off S an m provem ent o San Juan Fuan River

:Partial Land Reclamation

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Op:on-1: Image of Lakeshore Dike with Road

Op:on-2: Image of Raising Lakeshore Land with Road and Future Developments

OpMons for the Lakeshore Area from Taguig to MunMnlupa


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Short-listed Structural Mi:ga:on Measures (1/3)


No. Item Highest Flood Risk Level 4 Target Flood Safety (R.P.) 100-y Total Cost (Mil. Pesos) 198,435 EIRR Resettle ment (1000 person) 331 Benefici ary (1000 person) 1,593 Preliminary Environmental Assess. (except negative impact of resettlement) Moderate due to some negative social impact by dam (possible) Positive due to improve. envir. (recommended) Positive due to improve. envir. (recommended) Positive due to improve. envir. (recommended) Positive due to improve. envir. (recommended)
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Pasig-Marikina (VH) River Improvement (RI) + Dam 2


(H)

16.4%

Meycauayan RI

50-y

14,040

22.9%

35

199

3
(H)

Malabon-Tullahan RI South Paraaque Las Pias RI East Mangahan Floodway (Cainta & Taytay RIs)

50-y

21,635

22.3%

39

298

4
(M)

30-y

17,335

12.2%

30

104

5
(H)

30-y

25,901

26.8%

25

227

Priority (Tenta:ve) VH: Very High, H: High, M: Marginal

Short-listed Structural Mi:ga:on Measures (2/3)


No. Item Highest Flood Risk Level 3 Target Flood Safety (R.P.) 60-y Total Cost (Mil. Pesos) 25,185 EIRR Resettle ment (1000 person) 114 Benefici ary (1000 person) 114 Preliminary Environmental Assess. (except negative impact of resettlement) Positive due to improvement of environment and potential of development (recommended) Positive (same as 6) (recommended and to be studied more) Positive due to improve. of environment (recommended and to be studied more)
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West Laguna (VH) Lakeshore Land Raising

17.2%

7
(H)

Land Raising for Small Cities around Laguna Lakeshore

60-y

7,158

17.2%

8.8

8.8

8
(H)

Improvement of the Inflow Rivers to Laguna Lake

30-y

637

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

Priority (Tenta:ve) VH: Very High, H: High, M: Marginal

Short-listed Structural Mi:ga:on Measures (3/3)


No. Item High- Targe est t Flood Flood Risk Safet Level y (R.P.) 2 10-y Total Cost (Mil. Pesos) EIRR Resettl Benefici Preliminary ement ary Environmental (1000 (1000 Assess. (except person) person) negative impact of resettlement) 24 270 Positive due to improvement of environment (recommended ) Positive due to improvement of environment (recommended )

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(H)

Manila Core Area Drainage Improvement

27,257

19.1%

10
(M)

West Mangahan Area Drainage Improvement

5-y

5,522

11.1%

3.2

25.6

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Valenzuela, 8,613 Obando and (Est. Meycauayan only) (VOM) Improve. (1) Priority (Tenta:ve) VH: Very High, H: High, M: Marginal (to be studied (2) Priority is set by considering 1) severity of oods or ood risk level, 2) cost and economic eciency (EIRR15%), and 3) social and natural impacts and preliminary environmental assessment. further)

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Proposed Non-Structural Measures


1. Strengthening of the Flood InformaMon and Warning System (FIWS) Eec:ve Flood Control Opera:on and Warning System (EFCOS) improvement New telemetric rainfall and water level gauging sta:ons 2. Capacity Building for Strengthening Community-based FRM Update and implement Informa:on and Educa:on Campaign (IEC) programs Rainfall and water level monitoring by Barangay Disaster Risk Reduc:on and Management Councils (BDRRMCs) Construc:on of evacua:on routes and temporary evacua:on centers 3. Improvement of Management InformaMon System (MIS) for Disaster Risk Management Improvement and development of MIS Capacity building 4. ReforestaMon and Watershed Management
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FORT BONIFACIO RETARDING TANK


A Model Urban Rainwater Catchment System

Project Location

PADRE BURGOS CIRCLE, FORT BONIFACIO GLOBAL CITY

The Detention Tank is not meant to detain water for other uses is meant to temporarily detain post development run-o only should always be empty is fully automated

Estero de paco
U.N en . Av ue

Pedro Gil to 13 de Agosto Segment

before

DEVELOPMENT:
Market renovation Dredging Riprap slope protection and phytoremediation Walkway and riprap SAIR
Apacible

Present
13 de Agosto

o Pedr

Gil

Estero de paco
U.N en . Av ue

13 de Agosto to Apacible Segment

before

DEVELOPMENT:
dredging riprap slope protection and phytoremediation Facelifting of Residential Houses Walkway / linear park

Apacible

13 de Agosto

After

o Pedr

Gil

Estero de paco
U.N en . Av ue

Apacible to UN Ave. Segment

before

DEVELOPMENT:
dredging riprap slope protection and phytoremediation Facelifting of Residential Houses Walkway/Linear Park

Apacible

Present
13 de Agosto

o Pedr

Gil

THANK YOU !