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AMERICAN INVASION OF MEXICO 1845-1848 (Mexican-American War)

3500 Km
Klamath Lake
Oregon May 6 - 9
Klamath Falls-Lakeview Oregon 3291.0 km

Chart of the successive advances of the United States Armies in the invasion of Mexico 1845 - 1848.
The numbers of men present are represented by the width of the coloured zones at a
San Francisco Bay
Battle of Olmpali June 24 Lt. Henry L Ford 18 2 0 Juan Padilla/Joaqun de la Torre 70 1 1

rate of one millimeter for every five hundred men; they are further written across the zones. The colour Blue designates the men of the Army of Occupation, dark blue under
San Francisco
Oct 14 Oct 1

Sonoma, California 3072.2 km San Francisco, California 3035.8 km San Francisco Bay, California 3021.5 km Sacramento Valley, California 3009.4 km Monterey, California 2922.9 km Gavilan Peak, California 2904.3 km

3000 Km

US Topographical Corps

Frmont

Sutters Fort
March 22 - 24

Sonoma
June 6

Sutters Fort
July 10-12

Sonoma

General Taylor, light blue under General Scott. Purples for the men under Generals Wool, Kearny, Doniphan and Captain Frmont. Also shown at the bottom are the order of US and Mexican presidents that ruled during this period of time.
San Luis Obispo
Dec 14 - 16

224

Monterey
Oct 27 - Nov 17

Sonoma
(Bear Flag Revolt) William B. Ide June 14

Sacramento
Oct 12 160 400

63

Sutters Fort
New Helvetia Sacramento California Dec 10 - Jan 15

Monterey
California Jan 28

Gavilan Peak
California March 5 - 9

Monterey
July 19 - 26

San Luis Obispo, California 2748.5 km

Los Angeles
Santa Barbara, California 2622.1 km

off San Luis Obispo


Oct 16

Santa Barbara
Dec 27 - Jan 3 Treaty is signed at Campo de Cahuenga ended the fighting in California January 12

August 13 Aug 31 - Sept 11

Campo de Cahuenga, California 2503.2 km Los Angeles, California 2488.8 km Rio San Gabriel, California 2470.8 km

2500 Km
San Diego San Diego
Dec 12 - 29 July 29 - Aug 8 Aug18

Los Angeles
January 14

Los Angeles
January 10

San Pasqual, California 2329.3 km San Diego, California 2320.6 km

San Pascual
Dec 6 Brig. Gen. Stephen W. Kearny 85 21 17 Capt. Andrs Pico 75 6 12 600 170

Kearny
Army of the West
1,650

La Mesa
January 9

San Gabriel River


January 8 Brig. Gen. Kearny / Comm. Stockton 607 3 12 Capt. Jos Maria Flores 450 3 12

Leavenworth, Kansas 2240.3 km

Fort Leavenworth
Bents Fort, Colorado 2103.2 km

Kansas June 5 - 27

2000 Km
Santa Fe, New Mexico 1920.7 km

Bents Fort
Colorado July 29- August 2 860 300 120

Doniphan
Army of the West Temascalitos
(El Brazito) New Mexico Dec 25 Col. Alexander Doniphan 856 0 7 Lt. Col. Antonio Ponce de Len 500 43 -

Socorro, New Mexico 1792.9 km Valverde, New Mexico (Park) 1775.9 km

Santa Fe
August 18-Sept 25

Socorro

Taylor
El Paso, Texas 1551.0 km Ciudad Jurez (Paso del Norte) 1548.3 km New Orleans City, Luisiana 1484.1 km Fort Jesup, Luisiana 1466.5 km

New Mexico October 6

Valverde
New Mexico Dec 14 - 18

El Paso del Norte


Dec 26 - Feb 8 1000

Army of Occupation 1500 Km

Army of Observation
April 1844 - July 1845

New Orleans
July 23

3,000

Forth Jesup
June 29

Army of Occupation

Scott

New Orleans
Dec 19 - 23

Ro Sacramento
Chihuahua February 28 Col. Alexander Doniphan 924 4 8 Gen. Jos Antonio de Heredia 2,500 169 300

Sacramento, Mexico Chihuahua 1266.2 km Chihuahua, Mexico 1239.1 km

San Antonio Texas 1108.5 km Presidio del Ro Grande (Eagle Pass, Texas) 1036.6 km

Army of the Center


2,000

Wool

San Antonio
Sept 25

Rio Bravo
(Presidio del Rio Grande) Oct 12

Chihuahua
March 2 - April 25

1000 Km
Corpus Christi, Texas 943.5 km Monclova, Coahuila Mxico 859.0 km Camargo, Mxico 762.8 km Port Isabel, Texas 761.4 km Carricitos, Texas 746.7 km Brownsville, Texas 735.8 km Matamoros, Tamaulipas Mxico 733.7 km Parras, Coahuila Mxico 732.8 km Monterrey, Nuevo Len Mxico 700.7 km Saltillo, Coahuila Mxico 689.6 km La Angostura (Hacienda de Buena Vista) Mxico 681.7 km Agua Nueva, Mxico 669.7 km

3,000

4,000

Siege of Fort Texas Corpus Christi


July 25-March11 Fort Brown May 3 - 10 Major Brown/Capt Hawkins 500 2 9 Gen. Pedro de Ampudia - - -

Camargo
July 14-August 18 6,000

Monclova
Oct 29 - Nov 24

Fronton de Santa Isabel


(Point Isabel) March 23

Fort Texas
March 28

Brazos Santiago Parras


Dec 5-17 Texas Dec 27 - Feb 15

5,000

Buenavista
May 22

Carricitos
(Thornton Affair) April 25 Capt. Seth B. Thornton 63 11 6 Gen. Anastatsio Torrejn 1600 - -

Palo Alto
May 8 Gen. Zachary Taylor 2200 9 44 Gen. Mariano Arista 3270 100 152

Matamoros
May 18-July 6

Monterrey
Mexico Sept 21-25 Gen. Zachary Taylor 6500 120 411 Gen. Pedro de Ampudia 7300 700 3,800

La Angostura Saltillo
Nov 16 (Hacienda de Buenavista) Feb 22-23 Gen. Zachary Taylor / Gen. John E. Wool 4,759 272 450 Gen. Antonio Lpez de Santa Anna 14,000 591 1,048 4,800

3,000

500 Km
Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas 476.0 km Tampico Harbor 336.7 km Anton Lizardo 334.5 km Veracruz 316.9 km Isla de Lobos 300 km Cerro Gordo, Veracruz 256.1 km Jalapa, Veracruz 233.5 km Puebla 107.5 km Contreras (Padierna) 22.4 km Churubusco 9.4 km Molino del Rey 6.7 km Chapultepec 5.1 km

Resaca de Guerrero
(Resaca de la Palma) May 9 Gen. Zachary Taylor 1700 39 82 Gen. Mariano Arista 3000 250 500

Agua Nueva
Dec 21- Feb 14 8,600

Antn Lizardo
March 4

Victoria
Jan 4-14

Cerro Gordo
April 17 - 18 Gen. Winfield Scott 8,500 63 368 Gen. A. Lpez de Santa Anna 10,000 1,100 -

6,000

4,700

Churubusco
August 20 Gen. Winfield Scott 5,000 63 Gen. A. Lpez de Santa Anna 8,000 - -

Tampico
Jan 23- Feb 18

Lobos island
Feb 21 - March 2 8,000 6,000

Jalapa
Apr 19 - 22

Puebla

Mexico City

0 Kilometer
Veracruz
Besiege March 9 - 21 Bombardment March 22 - 26 Occupation March 29 Gen. Winfield Scott 8,600 12 51 Gen. Morales 4,390 1,100 (militar and civilian) -

May 15 - Aug 5 10,700

(Contreras) August 20 Gen. Persifor Smith 5,000 63 Gen. Gabriel Valencia 6,000 700 -

4,000

Mexico City
Sept 14

Padierna

Molino del Rey


Sept 8 Maj. Gen. William Worth 3,300 116 671 Gen. Antonio Len 8,000 2,000 -

Chapultepec
Sept 13 Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott 7,180 178 673 Gen. Nicols Bravo 1,000 1,800 Gen. A. Lpez de Santa Anna 14,000

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, formally ending the war. February 2

Graphic table of Presidents of United States and Mexico


US Presidents
John Tyler
April 4 1841 - March 4 1845

James Knox Polk

March 4 1845 - March 4 1849

Mexican Heads of State


Jos Joaqun de Herrera
American Heads of State
Dec 6 1844 - Dec 30 1845

Jos Joaqun de Herrera Gabriel Valencia


Dec 30 1845 - Jan 2 1846 Jan 4 - July 28 1846

June 3 1848 - Jan 15 1851

Mexican Heads of State Militar President Civil President

Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga

Nicols Bravo

July 29 - Aug 4 Aug 5 - Dec 23

Jos Mariano Salas American place Battle Occupied by United States Mexican place Treaty Name of the batle
(Alternative name) Date American Commander 1700 39 82 Mexican Commander 3000 250 500
Casualties wounded Number of men Casualties killed

Valentn Gmez Faras

Dec 23 1846 - March 21 1847

Antonio Lpez de Santa Anna

March 21 - April 2 April 2 - May 20

May 20 - Sept 16 Nov 13 1847 - Jan 8 1848

Pedro Mara Anaya

Manuel de la Pea y Pea

Sept 20 - Nov 13

Jan 8 - June 3

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

1845

1846

1847

1848

David Hernndez Mndez 2008