General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

Table 1. Average prose, document, and quantitative literacy scores of adults: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Mean 276 SE 1.1 Mean 275 Document 1992 Mean 271 s.e 1.1 Mean 271 Quantitative 1992 Mean 275 SE 1.1 Mean 283 2003 SE 1.2 Sig * 2003 s.e 1.2 Sig 2003 SE 1.3 Sig

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 2003 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this ta ble. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. Table 2. Percentage of adults in each prose, document, and quantitative literacy level: 1992 and 2003 Below Basic Prose Percentage 14 1992 SE 0.4 Percentage 14 2003 SE 0.6 Sig 1992 Percentage 28 SE 0.4 Basic 2003 Percentage 29 SE 0.6 Sig 1992 Percentage 43 Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.5 44 Proficient 2003 Percentage 13

SE 0.7

Sig

1992 Percentage SE 15 0.4

SE 0.5

Sig *

Below Basic Document Percentage 14 1992 SE 0.5 Percentage 12 2003 SE 0.5 Sig * 1992 Percentage 22 SE 0.4

Basic 2003 Percentage 22 SE 0.5 Sig 1992 Percentage 49

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.5 53

SE 0.7

Sig *

1992 Percentage SE 15 0.4

Proficient 2003 Percentage 13

SE 0.6

Sig *

Below Basic Quantitative Percentage 26 1992 SE 0.6 Percentage 22 2003 SE 0.6 Sig * 1992 Percentage 32 SE 0.4

Basic 2003 Percentage 33 SE 0.5 Sig 1992 Percentage 30

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.4 33

SE 0.5

Sig *

1992 Percentage SE 13 0.4

Proficient 2003 Percentage 13

SE 0.5

Sig

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 199 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

Table 3. Average prose, document, and quantitative literacy scores of adults, by race/ethnicity: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Mean Race/ethnicity White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 287 237 234 255 SE 1.2 1.4 2.3 6.1 Mean 288 243 216 271 2003 SE 1.5 1.8 3.5 4.0 Sig 1992 Mean 281 230 238 259 SE 1.2 1.4 1.8 6.1 Document 2003 Mean 282 238 224 272 Quantitative 2003 SE Mean 1.1 1.6 2.3 7.8 297 238 233 285

SE 1.5 2.1 3.6 5.0

Sig

1992 Mean 288 222 233 268

SE 1.3 2.1 3.2 5.1

Sig * *

* * *

* *

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 2003 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this ta ble. In 1992, repondents were allowed to identify only one race. In 2003, respondents were allowed to identify multiple races. In 2003, 2 percent of respondents identified multiple races and are not included in the White, Black, or Asian/Pacific Islander categories in this table. All adults of Hispanic origin are classified as Hispanic, regardless of race. The Asian/Pacific Islander category includes Native Hawaiians. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

Table 4. Percentage of adults in each prose, document, and quantitative literacy level, by race/ethnicity: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Percentage Race/ethnicity White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 9 30 35 25 SE 0.4 1.1 1.2 3.4 Percentage 7 24 44 14 Below Basic 2003 SE 0.5 1.4 1.8 2.0 Sig * * * * 1992 Percentage 25 41 33 30 SE 0.6 0.9 0.8 2.2 Basic 2003 Percentage 25 43 30 32 SE 0.8 1.2 1.0 2.2 Sig 1992 Percentage 48 27 28 36 Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.6 0.9 0.9 2.8 51 31 23 42 Proficient 2003 Percentage 17 2 4 12

SE 0.9 1.4 1.1 2.5

Sig * * *

1992 Percentage SE 18 2 5 9 0.6 0.3 0.5 1.7

SE 0.9 0.4 0.4 1.8

Sig

*

*

Document 1992 Percentage Race/ethnicity White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 10 31 28 19 SE 0.5 1.1 1.1 3.0

Below Basic 2003 Percentage 8 24 36 11 SE 0.5 1.7 1.6 2.2 Sig * * * * 1992 Percentage 19 33 29 23 SE 0.4 0.8 0.8 2.1

Basic 2003 Percentage 19 35 26 22 SE 0.7 1.4 0.8 2.1 Sig 1992 Percentage 53 34 38 48

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.6 1.0 0.9 3.3 58 40 33 54

SE 1.0 1.9 1.2 3.0

Sig * * *

1992 Percentage SE 18 2 5 10 0.6 0.3 0.5 2.0

Proficient 2003 Percentage 15 2 5 13

SE 1.0 0.5 0.5 2.3

Sig *

*

Quantitative 1992 Percentage Race/ethnicity White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 19 57 50 31 SE 0.6 1.1 1.4 3.7

Below Basic 2003 Percentage 13 47 50 19 SE 0.7 1.8 1.7 3.0 Sig * * * 1992 Percentage 32 30 31 29 SE 0.5 0.8 0.9 2.3

Basic 2003 Percentage 32 36 29 34 SE 0.7 1.3 0.9 2.9 Sig 1992 Percentage 34 12 16 28

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.6 0.6 0.8 2.4 39 15 17 35

SE 0.8 1.1 0.9 2.8

Sig * *

1992 Percentage SE 15 1 3 12 0.5 0.2 0.4 2.5

Proficient 2003 Percentage 17 2 4 12

SE 0.8 0.4 0.5 2.5

Sig

*

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 199 In 1992, repondents were allowed to identify only one race. In 2003, respondents were allowed to identify multiple races. In 2003, 2 percent of respondents identified multiple races and are not included in the White, Black, or Asian/Pacific Islander categories in this table. All adults of Hispanic origin are classified as Hispanic, regardless of race. The Asian/Pacific Islander category includes Native Hawaiians. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

Table 5. Average prose, document, and quantitative literacy scores of adults, by gender: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Gender Female Male Mean 277 276 SE 1.3 1.2 Mean 277 272 2003 SE 1.4 1.5 Sig * 1992 Mean 268 274 SE 1.2 1.2 Document 2003 Mean 272 269 Quantitative 2003 SE Mean 1.2 279 1.4 286

SE 1.2 1.5

Sig * *

1992 Mean 269 283

SE 1.3 1.3

Sig *

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 2003 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this ta ble. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

Table 6. Percentage of adults in each prose, document, and quantitative literacy level, by gender: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Gender Female Male Percentage 13 15 SE 0.5 0.4 Percentage 12 15 Below Basic 2003 SE 0.6 0.6 Sig 1992 Percentage 29 27 SE 0.5 0.5 Basic 2003 Percentage 29 29 SE 0.6 0.7 Sig 1992 Percentage 44 42 Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.6 46 0.5 43 Proficient 2003 Percentage 14 13

SE 0.8 0.7

Sig

1992 Percentage SE 14 0.5 16 0.5

s.e 0.6 0.6

Sig *

Document 1992 Gender Female Male Percentage 14 14 SE 0.6 0.5

Below Basic 2003 Percentage 11 14 SE 0.6 0.6 Sig * 1992 Percentage 23 21 SE 0.4 0.4

Basic 2003 Percentage 22 23 SE 0.6 0.5 Sig * 1992 Percentage 50 49

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.7 54 0.6 51

SE 0.8 0.8

Sig * *

1992 Percentage SE 13 0.5 17 0.5

Proficient 2003 Percentage 13 13

SE 0.6 0.6

Sig *

Quantitative 1992 Gender Female Male Percentage 28 24 SE 0.7 0.7

Below Basic 2003 Percentage 22 21 SE 0.8 0.6 Sig * * 1992 Percentage 34 29 SE 0.5 0.4

Basic 2003 Percentage 35 31 SE 0.7 0.5 Sig * 1992 Percentage 28 31

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.6 32 0.5 33

SE 0.7 0.5

Sig * *

1992 Percentage SE 9 0.4 17 0.5

Proficient 2003 Percentage 11 16

SE 0.6 0.6

Sig *

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 199 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

Table 7. Average prose, document, and quantitative literacy scores of adults, by age: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Mean Age 16-18 19-24 25-39 40-49 50-64 65+ 270 280 288 293 269 235 SE 2.3 2.0 1.3 2.0 1.4 1.7 Mean 267 276 283 282 278 248 2003 SE 2.8 2.4 1.7 2.3 1.9 2.0 Sig 1992 Mean 270 282 286 284 258 221 SE 2.2 2.2 1.2 1.9 1.4 2.2 Document 2003 Mean 268 277 282 277 270 235 Quantitative 2003 SE Mean 2.5 2.0 1.3 1.8 1.8 2.7 267 279 292 289 289 257

SE 2.9 2.5 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.0

Sig

1992 Mean 264 277 286 292 272 235

SE 3.1 2.3 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.2

Sig

* * * *

* * *

* * *

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 2003 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this ta ble. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

Table 8. Percentage of adults in each prose, document, and quantitative literacy level, by age: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Percentage Age 16-18 19-24 25-39 40-49 50-64 65+ 10 10 10 9 16 33 SE 1.4 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.2 Percentage 11 11 12 11 13 23 Below Basic 2003 SE 1.7 1.1 0.6 0.9 0.8 1.3 Sig 1992 Percentage 35 29 24 23 31 37 SE 2.0 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.8 Basic 2003 Percentage 37 29 25 27 27 38 SE 2.5 1.3 0.7 1.1 0.9 1.2 Sig 1992 Percentage 49 49 46 45 43 27 Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 2.2 1.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.0 48 48 45 47 44 34 Proficient 2003 Percentage 5 12 18 15 15 4

SE 2.7 1.5 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.4

Sig

1992 Percentage SE 6 13 20 23 11 3 1.3 1.1 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.4

SE 1.4 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.8 0.6

Sig

* * *

* *

* *

*

Document 1992 Percentage Age 16-18 19-24 25-39 40-49 50-64 65+ 10 7 9 10 17 38 SE 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.7

Below Basic 2003 Percentage 11 9 8 10 12 27 SE 1.4 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.5 Sig 1992 Percentage 24 19 18 18 27 31 SE 1.5 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.0

Basic 2003 Percentage 24 20 19 20 23 33 SE 1.8 1.2 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 Sig 1992 Percentage 57 58 53 52 48 29

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 1.7 1.4 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.4 56 58 56 54 54 38

SE 2.4 1.7 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4

Sig

1992 Percentage SE 10 15 21 20 9 2 1.2 1.4 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.3

Proficient 2003 Percentage 9 13 17 15 12 3

SE 1.7 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.4

Sig

* * *

* *

* *

* * *

Quantitative 1992 Percentage Age 16-18 19-24 25-39 40-49 50-64 65+ 30 22 21 19 27 49 SE 1.8 1.3 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.5

Below Basic 2003 Percentage 28 21 17 19 19 34 SE 2.3 1.4 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.6 Sig 1992 Percentage 38 37 31 28 34 29 SE 1.5 1.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8

Basic 2003 Percentage 38 36 31 32 30 37 SE 2.1 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.2 Sig 1992 Percentage 27 33 33 33 29 18

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 1.5 1.4 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 28 33 35 34 34 24

SE 2.1 1.4 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.2

Sig

1992 Percentage SE 6 9 15 20 10 5 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5

Proficient 2003 Percentage 6 10 17 16 17 5

SE 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.6

Sig

* * *

* * *

* *

* *

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 199 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

Table 9. Average prose, document, and quantitative literacy scores of adults, by language spoken before starting school: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Mean Language spoken before starting school English only English and Spanish English and other language Spanish Other language 282 255 273 205 239 SE 1.2 2.9 4.0 2.9 3.4 Mean 283 262 278 188 249 2003 SE 1.4 3.1 3.1 3.8 4.6 Sig 1992 Mean 275 253 260 216 241 SE 1.2 3.6 4.5 2.8 3.7 Document 2003 Mean 276 259 268 199 257 Quantitative 2003 SE Mean 1.2 4.6 5.6 3.3 4.3 289 261 289 211 270

SE 1.3 3.4 3.2 4.6 4.2

Sig

1992 Mean 280 247 271 212 246

SE 1.2 3.8 4.1 4.6 4.3

Sig * * * *

*

* *

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 2003 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this ta ble. The English and Spanish category includes adults who spoke only English and Spanish, as well as adults who spoke English, Spanish, and another non-English language. The Spanish category includes adults who spoke only Spanish, as well as adults who spoke Spanish and another non-English language. The Other language category includes only adults who did not speak English or Spanish. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

Table 10. Percentage of adults in each prose, document, and quantitative literacy level, by language spoken before starting school: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Percentage Language spoken before starting school English only English and Spanish English and other language Spanish Other language Document 1992 Percentage Language spoken before starting school English only English and Spanish English and other language Spanish Other language 12 18 19 41 29 SE 0.5 1.8 2.4 2.0 1.9 Percentage 9 12 10 49 20 11 19 15 52 32 SE 0.4 2.1 1.8 1.5 2.0 Percentage 9 14 7 61 26 Below Basic 2003 SE 0.5 2.5 2.0 2.0 1.9 Sig * * * * 1992 Percentage 21 30 24 30 26 SE 0.4 2.1 1.4 1.1 1.2 Below Basic 2003 SE 0.5 2.1 1.5 1.8 2.2 Sig * * * 1992 Percentage 27 38 30 30 35 SE 0.5 2.1 1.7 0.9 1.3 Basic 2003 Percentage 27 38 33 25 33 Basic 2003 Percentage 21 29 25 25 24 SE 0.6 3 2.3 1 1.3 Sig 1992 Percentage 51 45 46 27 39 SE 0.7 2.2 2.8 1.1 2.0 Sig 1992 Percentage 46 39 43 16 29 Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.6 2.3 2.1 1.0 1.7 49 42 51 13 34 Proficient 2003 Percentage 15 6 9 1 7 Proficient 2003 Percentage 13 5 8 3 10

SE 0.8 2.4 3.1 0.9 2.3

Sig * * *

1992 Percentage SE 16 4 13 2 5 0.5 1.0 1.6 0.4 0.8

SE 0.7 1.3 2.1 0.3 1.3

Sig

*

*

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.6 2.3 2.4 1.6 1.8 56 54 57 23 46

SE 0.8 3.8 2.9 1.3 2.0

Sig * * * *

1992 Percentage SE 16 7 11 2 7 0.5 1.4 1.5 0.5 0.9

SE 0.7 1.8 2.0 0.4 1.2

Sig *

*

*

Quantitative 1992 Percentage Language spoken before starting school English only English and Spanish English and other language Spanish Other language 23 43 31 62 42 SE 0.6 2.6 2.7 1.8 2.1

Below Basic 2003 Percentage 18 31 15 62 28 SE 0.6 3.3 2.7 2.2 2.3 Sig * * * * 1992 Percentage 32 31 29 25 31 SE 0.4 1.8 1.4 1.1 1.3

Basic 2003 Percentage 33 39 38 25 33 SE 0.6 2.6 2.7 1.2 1.7 Sig 1992 Percentage 32 21 27 11 20

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 0.5 1.8 1.7 1.0 1.4 35 26 34 11 29

SE 0.6 2.8 3 1.1 1.9

Sig * * *

1992 Percentage SE 13 6 14 2 7 0.5 1.3 1.7 0.4 1.1

Proficient 2003 Percentage 15 4 14 2 10

SE 0.6 1.3 2.6 0.5 1.5

Sig

* *

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 199 The English and Spanish category includes adults who spoke only English and Spanish, as well as adults who spoke English, Spanish, and another non-English language. The Spanish category includes adults who spoke only Spanish, as well as adults who spoke Spanish and another non-English language. The Other language category includes only adults who did not speak English or Spanish. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

Table 11. Average prose, document, and quantitative literacy scores of adults, by educational attainment: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Mean Educational attainment Still in high school Less than/some high school GED/high school equivalency High school graduate Vocational/trade/business school Some college Associate's/2-year degree College graduate Graduate studies/degree 268 216 265 268 278 292 306 325 340 SE 2.5 1.4 2.2 1.0 2.1 1.4 1.9 1.9 2.0 Mean 262 207 260 262 268 287 298 314 327 2003 SE 3.7 2.4 2.1 1.3 2.7 1.6 2.4 2.1 2.8 Sig 1992 Mean 270 211 259 261 273 288 301 317 328 SE 2.4 1.5 2.3 1.4 2.0 1.6 1.9 1.9 1.9 Document 2003 Mean 265 208 257 258 267 280 291 303 311 Quantitative 2003 SE Mean 3.2 2.1 2.3 1.2 2.2 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.1 261 211 265 269 279 294 305 323 332

SE 4.3 2.6 2.5 1.5 2.5 1.7 2.0 2.2 2.2

Sig

1992 Mean 263 209 265 267 280 295 305 324 336

SE 4.2 2.2 3.1 1.6 2.2 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.1

Sig

* * * * * * *

* * * *

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 2003 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this ta ble. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

Table 12. Percentage of adults in each prose, document, and quantitative literacy level, by educational attainment: 1992 and 2003 Prose 1992 Percentage Educational attainment Still in high school Less than/some high school GED/high school equivalency High school graduate Vocational/trade/business school Some college Associate's/2-year degree College graduate Graduate studies/degree 11 45 9 11 9 4 2 2 1 SE 1.6 1.2 1.9 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 Percentage 14 50 10 13 10 5 4 3 1 Below Basic 2003 SE 2.5 1.4 1.8 1.0 1.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.4 Sig 1992 Percentage 36 38 42 37 29 23 16 10 6 SE 2.3 0.8 3.2 1.0 1.7 1.4 1.3 0.8 0.8 Basic 2003 Percentage 37 33 45 39 36 25 20 14 10 SE 2.8 1.0 2.9 1.2 2.6 1.4 1.5 1.0 1.2 Sig 1992 Percentage 47 17 46 48 53 59 58 49 43 Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 2.5 0.8 3.5 1.1 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.6 2.0 45 16 43 44 49 59 56 53 48 Proficient 2003 Percentage 4 1 3 4 5 11 19 31 41

SE 3.1 0.9 3.0 1.3 2.7 1.7 2 1.7 2.3

Sig

1992 Percentage SE 6 1 3 5 9 14 23 40 51 1.4 0.2 1.4 0.5 1.3 1.4 2.0 1.8 2.2

SE 1.5 0.2 1.1 0.6 1.5 1.4 2.0 1.8 2.6

Sig

*

* * * * *

*

*

*

* *

Document 1992 Percentage Educational attainment Still in high school Less than/some high school GED/high school equivalency High school graduate Vocational/trade/business school Some college Associate's/2-year degree College graduate Graduate studies/degree 10 44 9 12 8 4 3 2 1 SE 1.1 1.3 1.8 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.2

Below Basic 2003 Percentage 13 45 13 13 9 5 3 2 1 SE 2.3 1.4 1.9 1.0 1.5 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 Sig 1992 Percentage 24 32 31 28 22 15 12 9 5 SE 1.6 0.7 2.9 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.6

Basic 2003 Percentage 24 29 30 29 26 19 15 11 9 SE 2.2 0.7 2.3 1.1 2.3 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.1 Sig 1992 Percentage 57 23 58 54 60 67 60 52 48

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 2.0 1.0 3.4 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 54 25 53 52 59 65 66 62 59

SE 3.0 1.0 2.8 1.4 2.7 1.8 2.3 2.5 2.6

Sig

1992 Percentage SE 9 1 3 6 10 14 25 37 45 1.4 0.2 1.2 0.7 1.3 1.6 1.8 1.7 2.0

Proficient 2003 Percentage 9 2 4 5 7 10 16 25 31

SE 1.9 0.3 1.2 0.7 1.7 1.5 2.2 2.7 2.8

Sig

*

*

*

* * *

* * *

General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

Quantitative 1992 Percentage Educational attainment Still in high school Less than/some high school GED/high school equivalency High school graduate Vocational/trade/business school Some college Associate's/2-year degree College graduate Graduate studies/degree 31 65 25 26 18 11 8 5 2 SE 2.2 1.3 2.9 1.1 1.8 1.1 1.1 0.7 0.5

Below Basic 2003 Percentage 31 64 26 24 18 10 7 4 3 SE 2.9 1.3 3.1 1.4 2.1 1.2 1.1 0.6 0.6 Sig 1992 Percentage 37 25 46 41 39 34 29 21 15 SE 1.8 0.8 2.8 1.0 2.0 1.6 1.8 1.2 1.3

Basic 2003 Percentage 38 25 43 42 41 36 30 22 18 SE 2.5 0.8 3.1 1.3 2.3 1.8 1.9 1.2 1.5 Sig 1992 Percentage 27 9 26 29 35 42 45 44 43

Intermediate 2003 SE Percentage 1.8 0.6 2.6 1.0 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.5 2.0 25 10 28 29 35 43 45 43 43

SE 2.3 0.7 2.9 1.3 2.3 1.8 2.1 1.5 2.1

Sig

1992 Percentage SE 6 1 3 5 8 13 18 31 39 1.1 0.2 1.2 0.5 1.4 1.4 1.9 1.8 2.4

Proficient 2003 Percentage 5 1 3 5 6 11 18 31 36

SE 1.4 0.2 1.2 0.7 1.4 1.5 2.1 1.9 2.6

Sig

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 199 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

Table 13. Average prose, document, and quantitative literacy scores of adults, by employment status: 1992 and 2003

Prose 1992 Mean Employment status Full time Part time Unemployed Not in labor force *Significantly different from 1992. 290 285 263 252 SE 1.3 1.7 2.3 1.4 Mean 285 281 269 255 2003 SE 1.5 2.2 2.8 1.7 Sig * 1992 Mean 286 279 261 244 SE 1.2 1.8 2.2 1.5

Document 2003 Mean 281 277 265 250

SE 1.2 2.2 3.3 1.9

Sig *

1992 Mean 292 281 261 247

Quantitative 2003 SE Mean 1.3 1.7 3.2 1.9 296 287 270 261

SE 1.1 2.2 3.6 1.8

Sig * * *

*

NOTE: Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 2003 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this ta ble. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

Table 14. Percentage of adults in each employment category, by literacy level: 1992 and 2003 Not in labor force 1992 PROSE Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient Percentage 57 40 26 17 60 41 27 15 53 32 23 18 SE 1.3 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.7 1.1 Percentage 51 38 27 18 55 40 27 19 50 34 25 17 2003 SE 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.3 1.9 1.1 0.8 1.5 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.3 Sig * 1992 Percentage 6 6 5 3 5 7 6 3 7 5 5 3 SE 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 Unemployed 2003 Percentage 5 6 5 3 5 6 5 4 7 5 4 4 Part Time 2003 Percentage 10 12 14 14 9 12 14 15 10 14 14 13 Full Time SE 0.9 0.6 0.6 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.6 1.4 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.2 Sig Percentage 29 42 54 66 27 40 54 68 31 48 58 67 SE 1.3 0.8 0.7 1.2 1.4 0.9 0.7 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.4 Percentage 35 44 54 64 32 42 55 63 34 47 57 66 SE 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.6 1.7 1.1 0.9 1.9 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.6 Sig *

SE 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6

Sig

1992 Percentage 8 12 15 14 9 12 14 15 10 15 14 12

SE 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9

DOC

*

*

*

*

QUANT

*Significantly different from 1992. NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 199 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

General Audience Report

NAAL

07/06/05

Table 15. Percentage correct for sample assessment questions, by literacy level: 2003 Sample Question Question 1 Level All adults Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient All adults Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient All adults Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient All adults Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient All adults Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient All adults Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient All adults Below Basic Basic Intermediate Proficient Percent Correct 74 11 70 96 100 16 # 3 16 60 36 # 4 47 98 52 1 40 92 100 65 8 54 86 97 76 13 73 96 100 78 33 88 96 99 SE 1.2 1.3 2.6 2.4 5.1 0.8 0.2 0.6 1.3 5.2 1.2 0.1 0.9 2.7 9.4 1.1 0.3 2.8 3.4 8.6 1.3 1.3 3.6 2.8 7.7 1.2 1.7 3.5 2.5 6.8 1 2 2.5 2.3 4.5

Question 2

Question 3

Question 4

Question 5

Question 6

Question 7

# Rounds to zero. NOTE: Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 2003 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this ta ble. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

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Table 16. Percentage of adults in selected population groups: 1992 and 2003

1992 Race/Ethnicity White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander Gender Male Female Age 16-18 19-24 25-39 40-49 50-64 65 and older Language spoken before starting school English only English and Spanish English and other Spanish Other language Educational attainment Still in high school Less than/some high school GED/high school equivalency High school graduate Vocational/trade/business school Some college Associate's/2-year degree College graduate Graduate studies/degree Employment status Full time Part time Unemployed Not in labor force *Significantly different from 1992. Percentage 77 11 8 2 48 52 6 13 33 17 16 15 SE 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 Percentage 70 12 12 4 49 51 6 11 28 20 21 15

2003 SE 1.3 0.8 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 Sig * * *

* * * *

86 2 3 5 4 4 21 4 27 5 9 11 10 9 49 13 5 33

0.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5

81 2 4 8 5 3 15 5 26 6 11 12 12 11 50 13 5 32

1.1 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.7

*

*

* * * * * * * *

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons. Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mentaldisabilities (3 percent in 2003 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this table. In 1992, respondents wereallowed to identify only one race. In 2003, respondents were allowed to identify multiple races. In 2003, 2 percent of respondents identified multiple races and are not included in the White, Black, or Asian/Pacific Islander categories inthis table. All adults of Hispanic origin are classified as Hispanic, regardless of race.The Asian/Pacific Islander categoryincludes Native Hawaiians. The English and Spanish category includes adults who spoke only English and Spanish, as well as adults who spoke English, Spanish, and another non-English language.The Spanish category includes adults who spoke only Spanish, as well as adults who spoke Spanish and another non-English language.The Other language category includes only adults who did not speak English or Spanish. SOURCE: U.S.Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences,National Center for Education Statistics, 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

Table 17. Percentage of adults with selected characteristics in the Below Basic prose literacy level and in the total NAAL population: 2003 Below Basic Percentage SE Total NAAL Population Percentage SE

Sig

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White 37 Black 20 Hispanic 39 Asian/Pacific Islander 4 Gender Male 46 Female 54 Age 16-18 5 19-24 9 25-39 25 40-49 16 50-64 20 65+ 26 Language spoken before starting school English only 52 English and Spanish 2 English and other language 2 Spanish 35 Other language 9 Educational Attainment Less than/some high school 55 GED/high school equivalency 4 High school graduate 23 Vocational/trade/business school 4 Some college 4 Associate's/2 year degree 3 College graduate 2 Graduate studies/degree 1 Disability status Vision problem only 7 Hearing problem only 4 Learning disability only 4 Other disability only 10 Multiple disabilities 21 54 No disabilities

2.5 1.8 3.1 0.8 1.7 1.7 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.5 2.8 0.5 0.4 2.8 1.0 1.8 0.7 1.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.3 1.8

70 12 12 4 49 51 6 11 28 20 21 15 81 2 4 8 5 15 5 26 6 11 12 12 11 5 5 3 8 9 70

1.3 0.8 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.7

* * *

* * * * * * * *

* * * * * *

* * *

*Significantly different from Below Basic. NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.Adults are defined as people 16 years of age and older living in households or prisons.Adults who could not be interviewed due to language spoken or cognitive or mental disabilities (3 percent in 2003 In 1992, repondents were allowed to identify only one race. In 2003, respondents were allowed to identify multiple races. In 2003, 2 percent of respondents identified multiple races and are not included in the White, Black, or Asian/Pacific Islander categories in this table. All adults of Hispanic origin are classified as Hispanic, regardless of race. The Asian/Pacific Islander category includes Native Hawaiians. The English and Spanish category includes adults who spoke only English and Spanish, as well as adults who spoke English, Spanish, and another non-English language. The Spanish category includes adults who spoke only Spanish, as well as adults who spoke Spanish and another non-English language. The Other language category includes only adults who did not speak English or Spanish. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey and 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy.

and 4 percent in 1992

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om this ta ble.

cent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this table.

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om this ta ble.

cent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this table.

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om this ta ble.

cent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this table.

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om this ta ble.

cent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this table.

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om this ta ble.

cent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this table.

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om this ta ble.

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cent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this table.

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om this ta ble.

cent in 200 3 and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this table.

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om this ta ble.

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ent in 2003

and 4 percent in 1992) are excluded from this table. In 1992, respondents were allowed to identify only one race. In 2003, respondents were allowed to identify multiple races. In 2003, 2 percent of respondents identified multiple races and are not included

in the White, Black, or Asian/Pacific Islander

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ack, or Asian/Pacific Islander categories in this table.All adults of Hispanic origin are classified as Hispanic, regardless of race.The Asian/Pacific Islander category includes Native Hawaiians.The English and Spanish category includes ad ults who spoke only English and Spanish, as well as adults who spoke Engl

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well as adults who spoke English, Spanish, and another non-English language.The Spanish category includes adults who spoke only Spanish, as well as adults who spoke Spanish and another non-English language. The O ther language category includes only adults who did not speak English or Spanish.

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ak English or Spanish.