1 .

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‫א אلא ضאوس‬.‫ذ‬
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2 
: ‫نא"! א‬$%&'
C = 1,0.10-2mol.L-1. ‫א‬،+‫و‬,- ‫א‬./‫و‬+!0‫א‬.1 23

!"45"6 )!& 

: & ‫=א‬2&, ‫א‬5"6;>?,)pH:‫"!ل‬4;<3V= 10ml 789 
pH1 = 2 ,9 

+!0‫א‬./ 

pH2 =3 ,1 

+‫و‬,- ‫א‬./ 
+!0‫א‬./;6AB‫(د א‬1. 
;6& ‫אא‬7D ‫'د‬3E&$(111 

P+ ‫ذ‬QN‫)و‬F2G, ‫;א‬6& ‫مא‬I:A-J=&,&B‫ 
א‬N،XmaxL!>: ‫א‬H3I:A‫و‬XfF2G, ‫א‬H3I:AEJK‫(א‬211 
(FR‫ولو‬IS 
.+W‫!א‬S;"6،(F"UV‫و‬$F");R1‫;א‬6& ‫'א‬-T‫د‬IK(311 
3I:A$0‫א‬Y3 "6& ‫א‬L$‫د‬IK :WJ ‫א"! א‬pH :X(.2

1 .‫א ع‬2 
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............................................................................................?& ‫و א‬Y3‫د‬...................... 


‫ا د  ا‬ 
‫(
 ا‬mol)‫ا م‬  
‫ا  ا‬ 
‫ل ا‬

 اازن‬  
‫ا  ا‬

H2O(l) 

(mol)‫آ ت ا دة‬
‫ة‬
‫ة‬
‫ة‬

(aq) +

(aq) +

‫ة‬ 

...............................................................................................?& ‫و א‬Y3‫د‬.........................  

G&&AL‫_د‬L7 ‫وא‬

14
6

‫ول‬Z‫א &<א‬

C ‫!ن‬W[ ‫א‬:'\0‫א]א‬I!, ‫<א‬3"" -J5"6!^' ‫!אدא‬0‫א‬EAP;8IL7 ‫!نא‬W[ ‫(&!)א‬1 
.β−‫`'ع‬a‫א‬b'-‫א‬cd 

Y fI !&0‫א‬fI!," A "&[ ‫دא‬I6‫و‬Z,?\ ‫دאא‬I4،14‫!ن‬W[ ‫א‬e&& L‫!و‬, ‫;א‬6& ‫'د א‬3E&‫(א‬1.1 
 4 Be − 5 B − 6 C − 7 N − 8 O Fg'.YfI !&0‫א‬fI!, ‫ א‬6(2.1 
t 0= 0 i?" ‫א‬I,6]‫א‬I!, ‫دא‬I6N0،ti?" ‫א‬PfIS‫&!א‬0‫\'א‬0‫א]א‬I!, ‫دא‬I6 N (t ) 
 t1 / 2

=

ln 2

λ

= N 0 .e − λ .t  h' ‫א‬Fg'A(2 

h' ‫&=א‬,&B‫א‬،'\3fI!, F6'`a‫و א‬I ‫א‬j'Ak6$(1.2
3 

!^6f‫د‬3<3,6Pf‫!د‬S!0‫!نא‬W[ ‫&"א‬FDm 0 e‫ذא‬d،t1/2 = 5,5.10 ans !D14‫!ن‬W[" F6'`a‫و א‬I ‫(א‬2.2 
t1 = 2 t 1/2 i?" ‫א‬I,6!^' ‫א‬,' ‫א‬m7DPf‫!د‬S!0‫!نא‬W[ ‫&"א‬m0  lIWIS‫و‬$،t0 = 0 i?" ‫א‬I,6 ‫'و‬3 

m
= 79 0 0 -J‫[!ن‬An AL$P(3.2
m0 

 
I ISE\8,6Fg'A.‫&>ص‬3l‫אא‬7Dj !&GA!3I,6‫و‬،L!s‫א‬oh ‫א‬P‫!د‬S!0‫!نא‬W[ ‫א‬1‫]א‬A-, ‫א‬p&q(3 
‫؟‬E\u‫א‬6!D3.: I ‫א‬Pe&A1350:WJ ‫א [&"א‬،IG' ‫א‬E E\8<3,6Fg'A‫و‬: I ‫א‬Pe&A197 

F ‫א &<א‬ 
F6'`d‫\ط‬,Wy!, ‫א‬H)&AL7 ‫وא‬L‫!و‬, ‫جא‬3Il‫א‬:c‫و‬Z‫& א‬:T‫ع‬-Ad<[v‫!و‬, ‫ א‬g ‫&جא‬a
.y8z -J, WG&"^)$‫و‬

&:g ‫א‬yIKdD$ - & ‫א‬B‫ א‬I ‫א‬، ‫א‬:g ‫<א‬3; $ 
:Fg' 

3 ‫א‬
u{"&[ ‫א‬

1
0

n

1,00866

1
1

H

1,00728

2
1

H

2,01355

3
1

H

3,01550

3
2

He

3,01493

4
2

He

4,00150

235
92

U

234,9942

A
54

Xe

138,8892

94
Z

Sr

93,8945

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www.ibnalkhatib2.canalblog.com

u = 1,66054 ×10–27 kg
1u = 931,5 MeV.C-2
1 eV = 1,60 × 10–19 J
c = 3,00 × 108 m.s-1 

S‫ و‬IG" ‫אن‬Ui 31 H ‫ وא !م‬21 H ‫!م‬A‫و‬I ‫(א‬1 
2i, ‫א‬o6(1.1 
 

A
Z

X fI!‫ و‬01 n ‫ون‬A!H,6=&,:‫ج‬3I‫;א‬6A

:WJ ‫<א‬Ui, ‫א‬FA‫[!]!א‬3‫د‬IK(.21
:WJ ‫ א‬A‫!א‬, ‫ א‬WbI|(2 

.‫ج‬3Il‫]א‬h6A<3 ‫א‬3،‫ج‬3Il‫;א‬6Ao6(1.2
A
Z

X fI!, ‫א‬3 ‫دא‬I4،;R1‫א‬L‫!و‬, ‫;א‬6& ‫'د א‬3E&‫(א‬1.2 

!, -J, Wf ‫ א‬g ‫&=א‬,&B‫ 
א‬N،(MeV) {‫(و‬J) ‫!ل‬sWG,6%6‫و‬QWJ ‫;א‬6& ‫<א‬6}, ‫ א‬g ‫א‬EJK‫(א‬3.2 
 ( MeV/ Nucléon)f IK‫وא‬
235
92

U +

1
0

n →

94
Z

Sr + 54A Xe + 3 01 n

F & ‫;א‬6& ‫ א‬%&' (3 

L‫!و‬, ‫;א‬6& ‫אא‬7D'-T‫د‬IK
N،3AW&:WJ ‫'د א‬0‫א‬E&‫(א‬1.3
MeV :{H,6}, ‫ א‬g ‫א‬EJK‫א‬2.3 

MeV/ Nucléon {fIK‫!وא‬, -J, W;6& ‫<א‬6}, ‫ א‬g ‫&=א‬,&B‫(א‬3.3 
'-g ‫نوא‬Ja‫א‬F6‫א‬DIK$y8$‫دون‬:T‫ع‬-Ad‫?ن‬S ,N‫ א‬--B‫ذ‬$(4