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2011 Marking Scheme for End-Of-Year Examination (Secondary Three Normal Academic) Section A: Question A1 Answer C

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

A8

A9

A10

A11

A12

A13

A14

A15

1 mark per correct answer; 0 marks per wrong answer.

Section B: Question Answer B1 (a) An element is made up of only one kind of atom [1] while a compound is made of two or more kinds of atoms chemically bonded together [1]. Either one of the following: Components of mixtures can be separated by physical means. Chemical properties of mixtures are the same as that of the components. Mixtures can be formed with little or no energy changes. Mixtures can have variable composition of components. Milk / sodium chloride solution Comments/ Instructions/ Suggestions to Marker
OWTTE Reject answers like an element is not chemically bonded but a compound is.

Marks 2

B1 (b)

OWTTE.

1 no extra credit for more than one correct answer given.

B1 (c)

CAO

B1 (d)

Potassium fluoride / carbon dioxide Potassium fluoride / copper

CAO

B1 (e)

CAO

B2 (a) B2 (b) B2 (c)

Neutralization. Ion 1: H+ [1] Ion 2: OH- [1] Test: Universal indicator / red litmus paper / methyl orange / phenolphthalein. [1] Result: Universal indicator turns blue/violet / red litmus paper turns blue / methyl orange turns yellow / phenolphthalein turns pink. [1] Circle graph 1

CAO CAO Accept any reasonable indicator. Match correct indicator to correct result.

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B2 (d)

CAO

B3 (a) B3 (b) B3 (c)

RbOH H2

CAO CAO 1 mark for correct number of shared electrons. 1 mark for correct number of H atoms drawn. No penalty if students draw different/same electrons.

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or

B3 (d) B3 (e)

Reactivity of alkali metals increases [1] down the group. Decreases [1] Weaker [1] Easier [1]

OWTTE. CAO No ECF from B3 (d), that is, if student writes reactivity decreases for B3 (d), s/he cannot be awarded marks for explaining decreased reactivity correctly in B3 (e).

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Section C: C1 (a) Methanol [1] will be obtained first. It has the lowest boiling point [1]. / It will be the first to boil. [1] Correct drawing and labelling of fractionating column [1] and condenser [1]. Refer to Annex A. CAO. OWTTE 2

C1 (b)

Both drawing and labeling must be correct in order to score full mark.

C1 (c)

Annex A

3 plateaus [1]; 3 increasing lines [1]; plateaus matching correct boiling points [1]

C2 (a) C2 (b)

Ionic bonding; covalent bonding [1] In aluminium fluoride, there is strong electrostatic forces of attraction between positive and negative ions [1], so large amount of energy is required to overcome these forces [1] to melt it. However, in phosphorus fluoride, the simple molecules are held by weak intermolecular forces [1], so less energy is needed to overcome them [1] to melt it. Refer to Annex B.

Both must be correct in order to score the full mark. No mark. OWETTE

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20 (b)

Annex B

Correct charges on both Al and F [1]; Octet for both Al3+ and F- [1]; Correct number of Al3+ and F- drawn (1:3 ratio) [1]. o No penalty if students do not make a distinction between dots and crosses. o No penalty if students draw 3 F- (unless there is a mistake in any of them, then minus mark per mistake). o Minus mark if students draw inner electrons.