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- Hydraulic Gate Seals
- design of radial gate
- Gates and Hoists
- Gate Design Procedure
- Technical Standars for Gates and Penstocks
- Radial Gate
- Structural Design of Radial Gates
- Radial Gates
- Hydraulic gates and valves
- Penstock Branch Design
- Radial Gates_Design Atlas
- Radial Gate Design Procedure
- Vertical Gates Design
- MANUAL ON DESIGN FABRICATION ERECTION & MAINTENANCE OF STEEL PENSTOCK
- Hydraulic Gates & Valves - Lewin
- Radial Gate-Design Check
- Design Penstock
- Design of Vertical lift GATES
- Design of Spillway Tainter Gates
- 3D Hydro Mechanical (Gates)

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Project :Six ( 6 ) Dispersal Structure On Nari River ( Package - 1 ) Client :Consultants :Irrigation and Power Department of Balochistan CAMEOS Consultants.

Consulting Engineers, Architects & Planners Islamabad.

Contractor :-

( Haji Shaher )

8.18 m.

With Arm 6 m.

X 5.08

m.

DATE OF SUBMISSION :

May., 2012

SUN ENGINEERS;

Climax abad , G. T. Road Gujranwala.

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

TABLE OF CONTENTS. 12345678910 11 12 13 Data Material Used & Stresses Computation of Hydraulic Forces Pin Friction Seal Friction Load on Stiffeners Design of Vertical Beams ( Angle ) Design of Main Horizontal Girders Design of Struts ( Radial Arms ) Design of Trunnion Assembly Design of Trunnion Pin Design of Wire Rope Design of Rope Drum Axle Page No. 1 2 3 5 5 7 8 14 18 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 #REF! 33 36

14 - Design of Cross Shaft 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Hoisting Effort Hoisting Bridge. Design of Trunnion Embedded Parts Design of Side Embedded Parts Weight of Gate Hoisting M / C

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Data

1 - Clear Span 2 - Max. Water Level 3 - Trunnion Center Level 4 - Trunnion Height 5 - Gate Sill Level 6 - Gate Top Level 7 - Gate Arm Radius 8 - Hoist deck Level 9 - Hoist deck Height 10 - No. of Hoist = = = = = = = = = = 8.180 m. 113.610 m. 114.110 m. 4.580 m. 109.530 m. 114.610 m. 6.00 m. 115.610 m. 6.080 m. = = = = = = = = = 26.83 ft. 372.64 ft. 374.28 ft. 15.022 ft. 359.26 ft. 375.92 ft. 19.680 ft. 379.20 ft. 19.94 ft. 2

Gate Parameters

1- Gate Height 2- Gate Width 3- Arc Length 4- No. of Gates 5.08 m. 8.16 m. 4.71 m. = = = = 16.66 ft. 26.75 ft. 15.45 ft. 11

Effective Head

Head on Upstream 4.08 = 13.38 ft.

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Material Used & Stresses Design criteria & computations for Radial Gate With Arm 19.68 ft Job: Design of Radial Gate With Arm 19.68 ft

Technical Specifications

1- Structural Steel. a- For Skin plate, Beams & Stiffeners of Gate. ASTM-A 36 Specification for structural steel". ASTM-A 36 Specification for structural steel". ASTM - 276 Specification for stainless steel ( bars, bolts, nuts & washer etc.) 3-

b- For Embedded parts ( except Seal & track plates & Side guides) 2-

( pins & rods)

ASTM 307Grade A

ALLOWABLE STRESSES

Fy = = 36,000 psi. 36 ksi.

Type of Stresses

abcdebending Stress Tension Shear Combined Stress For All Mech. & Electrical Components

Load Case Normal Occasional Exceptional 0.6 0.8 0.95 0.45 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.75 0.95 No 0.33 Fy 0.67 Fy 0.90 Fy or 0.2 Fu or 0.4 Fu or 0.55 Fu Which ever is Less

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42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates

With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

H = Head = EL = 372.64 EL = = 359.26 13.38 ft.

The Horizontal Components of the Water Thrust is xBxh(H-h/2) Ref :1 Eq 4.15 Page 103 The Vertical Components of the Water Thrust is Wv = B R [ Dm (Cos as - Cos ai + R (ai - as ) / 2 + R ( Sin as Cosas - Sinai Cosai ) / 2 ]

W =

PIER TOP=115.61

7 C=1

.32

6.08

31

5.08

B= . 21

EL 109.53

Where ; Fig. 1 RADIAL GATE (HAJI SHAHER) 3 = specific weight of water = 62.4 lbs./ ft . B = span of Side Seals = 26.83 ft. H = Max. Head of Water on Sill = 13.38 ft. H = h = Gate Sealing Height = 13.38 ft. R = Skin Plate radius ( Measured on the wet surface. ) Dm = Difference bettween the elevation of the water level and center of curvature of Skin Plate.

as ai

Ds Di

= = = =

Arc Sine Ds / R Arc Sine Di / R Difference between the elevations of Center of Curvature of the Skin Plate and the Water Level ( for Weir Gates ) Difference between the elevations of Center of Curvature of the Skin Plate and the sill. a) Dm , Ds , & Di refer to Difference of the elevations and may assume positive or Negative sign , depending on the gate arrangement. b) The angle as & ai are taken in radians and can also assume a positive or Negative sign. c) The Direction of the Vertical Components is given by its sign ; Positive : Upward Negative: Down ward

Note ; -

Page :

a= 6.

36

R= 6

4.08

4.58

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates

With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

The Magnitude and Direction of the resultant Water Thrust are Calculated by W = W

2 h

+W

2 v

Ref. 1 Eq. 4.19 Page 103 Ref. 1 Eq. 4.20 Page 103

= = = = = = = 26.83 19.680 -1.64 13.38 13.38 1.64 15.02 ft. ft. ft. ft. ft. ft. ft.

= arc tan W v / W h In our case ; B R Dm = 372.64 ft. H = 372.64 ft. h = 372.64 ft. Ds = 374.28 ft. Di = 374.28 ft.

s =

= = =

Arc Sin Ds / R Arc Sin ( 0.0834 rad. Arc Sin Di / R Arc Sin ( 0.8685 rad. 15.02 19.680 ) 1.64 19.680 )

i =

=

0.9965 0.6460 x

= = 13.38

/ 2 ) = 149916.61 lbs. = 149.92 Kips Vertical Component of W ( Eq 4.16 ) W v = B R [Dm (cos a s - cos a i ) + R (a i - a s) / 2 + R ( sin a s cos as - sin a I cos a i ) / 2] = 62.4 x 26.83 x 19.680 [ -1.64 ( 0.9965 - ( 0.6460 ) + 19.680 { 0.8685 0.0834 )}/2 + 19.680 ( 0.0833 x 0.9965 0.7633 x 0.646 ) / 2 ] = 32948.590 [ -0.575 + 7.725 + -4.035 ] = 102624.90 lbs. = 102.625 Kips The magnitude and direction of the resultant Water thrust are calculated by: W = = = W2 h + W2 v 181.68 Kips 149.92

2

102.62

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates

With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Direction of W =

= Arc Tan ( 102.62 149.92 )

W B Wh

Wv

Pin Friction

Fig : 2 The friction on supports and hinges is proportional to the water load on the gate and the coefficient of friction of the surface in contact. It is calculated by the equation. Fa = Fh Eq. 9.1 Ref 1 Page 226 Where Fh = Max . Horizontal thrust on each Trunnion pin = Coefficient of friction Let the pin diameter is equal to 6 in. and coefficient of friction between two metals as 0.30 for steel bronze under static conditions (Table 9-1 Ref 1 page 226) the max horizantal thrust on the pin will be when the gate is fully closed and full head is acting. Max.Thrust Force for both Pins per gate Force of Friction = = = = = 5.59 Kips/ft. 5.59 x 149.92 Kips 0.30 x149.92 44.97 Kips

26.83

Seal Friction

SIDE SEAL FRICTION

2" width of the seal , the water pressure Total head = 13.38 ft Average pressure at the bottom of seal / ft length of seal (maximum ) = 62.4 x 13.38 x 1 x 2 / 12 = 139.18 lb / ft. length The friction factor between rubber and steel is 1.0 in the start and 0.8 in running condition Ref. 1 Page 228 Total seal friction = 1.0 x F x Sector length Arc length or Sector length = 15.45 ft. Seal friction ( both sides) = 2 x 1 x 139.18 x 15.45 / 1000 Fs = 4.301 kips

139.18

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

App.Wt. of Gate = = =

2

Nari River

Radial Gates

With Arm 6 m. 0.64(8.18 x 4.08 ) 76.58 KN 17.21 Kips.

2 0.682

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Down ward force Wt. of Gate , D Seal Friction , Fs Pin Friction, Fa Buoyancy = = = = = 17.21 4.301 44.97 2.19 64.293 kips kips kips kips kips ( weight of gate )

Total

Down ward force Wt. of Gate , D Seal Friction , Fs

&

Pin Friction, Fa

= = = =

17.21 kips ( weight of gate ) 49.28 kips 66.48 kips 79.78 kips

Hoist Capacity

Adding 20% for misc.

Hydrostatic Pressure

Hs Where h h = = = = = = = = = = = = = = x h at the bottom of gate Effective head on the gate 13.38 ft 3 62.4 lbs / ft 62.4 x 13.38 / 1000 0.835 Ksf Gate Area x Hs 26.8 x 16.66 373.32 Kips

Hs FHs

0.835

Hydrodynamic Pressure

Hd Where y a Hd 7/8 x a x x hxy Lavel at dynamic force required in this case Facter of dynamic force x 7 / 8 x 62.4 x 0.1 13.38 0.0731 Ksf = =

2

H 0.1

/ 1000

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42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates

With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Load on Stiffeners

Gate Area,

26.83

16.66

447 ft.

W Pressure , P

= = =

447

Load on Stiffeners

= = = =

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Angle 100 x 100 x 10

Area

2 7.35 in. 4 3.48 in. 3 1.22 in.

8.20 lbs./ft.

Loads on vertical stiffeners :P Load on stiffeners, w = = = = = = = = = Section Modulus (Reqd,) = = = < 0.406 ksf P x Width of Gate 0.406 x 10.90 kips / ft. 0.91 kips/in. w L2 / 12 #REF! in 0.91 #REF! #REF! #REF!

27

Moment ( M ) L M

#REF!

12

kips.-in. / in.3

3 1 in.

0.6

36

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

MU = = = =

n

#REF!

kips.-in. 0.6 x 36 x 1

j x 0.6 F y x S

0.9 x 23.65 kips.-in.

>

Hence it is O.K

Check for Shear :VU = = = = = wL/2 0.91 x #REF! kips. 0.4 x 34.5960692 kips. #REF! 36 / 2 x 2

VC

VC Check for Deflection :Max. Deflection occures is given by Total Live & Dead Load Value of I 6 for T x

>

VU

Hence it is O.K

13

0.91

x ( #REF! 384 x 30 x 10 3 x in

)4 3.48

Allowable Deflection

>

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

V Q B1

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

A T

C B2

l3

R=

l2

16

0 .4

4'

l1 S

Sin b 1 b1

= = = =

Sin b 2 b2 b L

= = = = = = = = = =

Q S /R Sin - 1 ( 15.0 0.868 rad 0.868 R 19.680 15.449 ft. 0.1414 0.4734 0.3852 x x x x x Total

19.680

0.08 b 0.785 L L L

0.785 rad

l1 l l

2 3

= = = =

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Support of vertical Beams is made on the main horizontal girders, where the arms are also connected. In more recent designs ,the use of two pairs of arms per gate prevails,which results in vertical beams with two supports. The vertical beams may be dimensioned as straight ones , supported on the main H.girders and subjected to a triangular load (Weir gates) For Weir Gates with two pairs of radial arms the load diagram is as follows

ghi

ghA ghD

A RA

B 2.185

3.89 7.314

D RD

1 =

2 =

5.951 Fig. 4

Fig.

Where : hi hA

depth corresponding to lower seal = = depth corresponding to support A = L hA = hi ( l 373

2

= 372.64 ft. +

g hi

g hA

l 3 )/L

7.314 5.951 ) + / 15.45

l

=

2+

l3

( 319.95 ft.

hD

g hi g hD

g

hD = =

hi x

l

x =

/L 5.951 / 15.45

l3

=

3 62.4 lbs/ft.

The bending moments at the supports per unit width of span ,are MA/ =g = =

l1 2 (

2 hi

hA ) / 6 2.185

2

g

( 2 x

= 372.64

62.4 +

2 3

M D/

= = =

h D/ 6 5.951

2

143.54

/6

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

The bending moment on any point B between the supports and at a distance x from the support D is ;

MB/ = g [ X x hD (X - 2 ) +

2

( h A - h D ) X ( X 2 - 2 2 ) ] 62 143.54 2 7.314 x ( X

2

3 4.02 X

M B/ =

62.4 { X x

2 143.54 ) X ( X -

7.314 52868.34

+ +

)} +

2 62.4 { 71.771 X 524.91 X + + 52868.746 3 + X2 = 62.4 { 4.02 X 71.77 3 2 + = 250.85 X 4478.49 X 46172.45 X + 3 2 + = 250.85 X 4478.49 X 46172.45 X + Deriving the Eq. ( A ) w.r.to X and making it equal to zero 2 + 752.55 X 8956.97 X 46172.45 =

a c =

= = =

= 8956.97 2 x & )3 + + 2

M B/

= = MA = = = =

52868.75

/ 2 / 2

= =

709239.40 lbs. ft. -593049.92 lbs. ft. 709250.218 lbs. ft. 3 = 1.22 in

MB MD

MB

-44207.31

/

B / 2 27 / 2 = 709250.22 lbs. ft. and B. M. X 12 / S 709250.22 x 12 1.22 6994500.73 psi = 0.6 x = 21600 psi

36,000

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

B A D

2.53'

Fig. 5

a b d h s1 s2 t Area

= = = = = = = = 6 9.449 12.50 11.61 0.50 0.394 0.375 in. in. in. in. in. in. in.

( T. Fab. )

axs1+hxt+s1+bxs2

A1 + 3 + 2 11.0724 in. hxt+bxs2 = A1Y1+A2Y2+A3Y3 A1+A2 +A3 5.82 in. A2 4.352 8.07 + + A3 3.7200074 Y1 Y2 Y3 = = = = = =

Fig. 6

= = = Area ( T ee ) = y =

y I S Wt. / ft.

= = = = = =

( A1 + A 2 ) x 12 x 0.2836

25.02 lbs / ft.

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Beem 24 x 84 Arc length , = L=R R = Radius of arms = 19.680 ft. = Angle subtended by the wet part of the skin plate = 44.98 degree L = x p / 180 19.680 x 44.98 = 15.45 ft.

PIER TOP=115.61

lbs/ft.

C=1

7.32

6.08

1 .3

5.08

B= 21

a= 6.

36

R= 6

4.08

4.58

Fig. 7 In particular case of Weir gates with two pair of arms. 1 = 0.1414 x L = 2.185 ft. 7.314 ft. 5.951 ft. 15.45 ft. = = = = 6.36 21.29 17.33 44.98

2 3

= =

0.4734 0.3852

x x

L L

= = =

L = Arc length

a b g

= = =

x x x

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

As Horizantal girders are rigidly connected with adjacent assembly. ( For Rounded Connections ) L a = = 26.83 ft. 5.91 ft. 15.0 ft. = MB = - q a2 / 16 = = = 322 in. 70.87 in. 180.2 in.

b = Bending Moments MC = MA

@ @

71 180

in. in.

(-1)

(-1)

Fig. 8 Where, q = w MC

= = = =

71

)2 / 16

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Deflection fc

= =

fc =

2

0.91

180.23 2370.08

24

2 70.8661 )

= = = =

M S

286.27 1.46 ksi 0.6 21.60 ksi 196.74

= =

36

Allowable Stress > Stress Available Max. Bending Moment is M = 286.27 kips. - in. Section Modulus (Reqd.) = = = Section Modulus (Provided) Section Modulus (Reqd.) = < M / fb 286.27

3 13.25 in 3 196.74 in

0.6

36

A

= = 24.65 in2 2370.08 in.4 196.74 in.3 84.00 lbs./ft.

I xx

286.27 kips. - in. jxfbxSx 0.9 x 3824.64 kips. - in. > Mu Ok 0.6 x 36 x 196.74

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

a

9.00

in.

a s1

d h s1 t

A

= = = = = = =

Fig. 9

I

S

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

The lower arms / struts are designed as it has the main load and head.

Load

1) Load transfered by the Horizontal Girder

P = Load reaction at the supports of Horizantal girder = WL / 2 = 10.90 x 26.75 /2 = 2) 145.84 kips

Total force acting on 4 Arms / Struts = = W = 181.68 kips 181.68 / 4 45.42 kips

Fn

Total force

W= W/2 FLOW

16

Fr

W/2 W=

16

Fr

Fn

Chosen Section = Beam IPN 360 2 A = 15.04 in 76.1 kg./m

Fig. 10

I xx

S xx Wt.

= = =

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m. K = I2 / I1 x h / b 4 2370.08 in. 4 471.13 in. 82.02 in. I2 / I1 x h / b 2370.08 2.292 71.00 in. 180.00 in. wa2/16 0.91 x 286.27 kips-in w / ( k+2 ) x ( b2 / 6 - a2 ) 2.292 = = = = + 71.00

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Buckling Check

I2 I1 h K = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

471.13

82.02

180.00

a b M1

16

M2

2 ) x (

6x x

71.00 36 36

1.04 ( From Table 5.7 Page # 125 ) 4 181.68 = 45.42 kips 2 A = Cross - sectional area = 15.04 in M = Net Moment = 286.27 kips-in 3 Wc = Section Modulus (Compression) = 66.52 in. = 1.04 x 45.419 15.04 + 0.9 x ( 286.27 66.52 = 7.02 Slenderness Ratio ,l = Lf / i For combined stresses from table at page No 2 Where Lf = Buckling length fb = 0.75 x Fy = 82.02 in. i = Radius of gyration = 0.75 x 36 = 27.00 Kips. = I / = 5.60 l = 82.020997 = 14.65 Allowable Stress is more than combined stress = 1.04 For Reff.# 1, Page 125 table 5.7 Force Area Relationship Force = 181.68 Kips. No of Arms = 4 Force on each Arm = 181.678 4 = 45.419 kips Allowable Stress = 27.00 kips Area = P / Fb = 45.419 27.00 2 = 1.68 in 2 Area provided = 15.04 in Hence Our design is OK. Area provided > Area Requred F = compression / Axial load =

5.60 14.65

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

b

d b h s t

= = = = =

14.17 in.

s

5.63 in. 12.64 in. 0.77 in. 0.51 in.

Fig. #REF!

A I

= = =

Wt. / ft.

51.15 lbs.

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Fig. #REF!

(comulatives) A Sxx Ixx Material used Fy = =

2 91.26 in 3 490.58 in

36 ksi

Load on trunnion assembly Resultant Load = Load on each side = = Area Required = = Area provided = Effective area provided = Fy = Area Provided 181.68 181.68 90.84 90.84 6.31 91.26 91.26 kips / 2 kips / ( 0.4 x 36 ) in2 in.2 - 6 x 1.25 x 2

= =

15

>

36 ksi Area Required 90.84 kips 0.9x0.4 x Fy x A 0.9 x 0.4 x 36 x 988.33 kips Vc

Vu V c = = = = <

76.26

Vu

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Let Dia of Pin = 125 mm h = 522.00 mm P = 181.68 / 2 = Material ASTM A 276 Type 304 or Equivalent ( provided. ) effective 90.839 kips

all.

Required Area

/ 4 x D2

= = = = = = = =

Fig. #REF! 65

all.

in2 in2 13

= = =

2.98 in 75.76 mm

6.99

x4/

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

(i) ( ii ) ( iii ) ( iv ) (v) Total Load Load on each rope Drum Load on each rope Factor of Safety Total bearing strength of wire rope = = = = = = = = 64292.97 32146.49 16073.24 5 16073.24 80366.22 1.00 lbs. lbs. lbs. x lbs. in. 5

Wire Rope dia . 6 x 19 + IWRC construction, The breaking strength of wire rope

45.70 Tons.

91400 lbs.

1- Pitch dia of Rope Drum 2- Dia. of Steel Wire Rope . 3- Maximum travel of Gate 4- No. of turns required for Gate = = = = = = = 24 in. 1.00 in. 16.66 ft. 16.66 x 5.30

x 6.00

2.00

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SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Maximum Vertical Load Load on each rope Drum Load on each rope Maximum Torque Un-supported length of shaft Maximum Bending Moment Reqd. Section Modulus of shaft 0.196 d3 d = ( We are using Shaft of dia = Z for shaft dia , d

= = = = = = = = = = = 2.977 4

64,292.97 32146.486 16073.243 16,073.24 192878.92 20 16073.24 80366.22 80366.22 2.977 2.977 / 0.196 )1/3 in.

lbs.

/2

/4

2.47

in.

Checking the shaft against combined bending and torsion. Considering Key Way Effect 3 Z = d / 16 = 12.57 3 = 12.57 in Maximum Stress = = (

max =

M2+t

/ Z x 1.25

2 192878.92 )

2 80366.22 ) +

12.57

x 1.25

20784.86 psi.

= T / Z x 1.25 / = 192878.92 12.57 x 1.25 Allowable shear stress for SAE 1060 = 60,000 x 0.4

= =

Page :

24

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

= =

Torque (T )

= =

24

/2

3 = d / 16 = 12.57 3 = 12.57 in

= =

218386.46

12.57

<

(Allowable)

Which is Safe.

4.00

Page :

25

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala Hoisting Efforts

ABCGate Weight , W Side Seal Friction Pin Friction

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m. = = =

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Hoisting Load

66,484 lbs.

= 66,484 = 398,907 lb - in. The Eq. Will be T2 = 2

24 2

T1 x n / c

= ? = = = = 398,907 lb - in. lb - in. 65% 0.65 20 / 52 x 1 / 60 x 19 / 47 x 19 / 100 0.000492 398,907 lb - in.

Where

T2 T1 = n =

T2 T2 T1 T1 =

= = = T1 x n / c T2 x c / n

= =

398,907

0.000492

0.65

302.16 lb - in.

Pxr

Where P = Pull Req. at the Hand Wheel. r = Radius of the Handle = T1 = P x 15 = 302.16 lb - in. P = 20.14 lbs RPM = 30 Lifting Speed of Gate = = = =

15 in.

Manual

Opening Time of Gate

24

/2

Page :

26

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

We have the general formula for H.P. H.P = 2 N T

33000

H.P = Horse Power Required To Lift the Gate. N = Revolution of Rope Drum per minute = 12 x 2 x 24

0.318

So there are 0.315 revolutions of rope Drum in one minute

Where

= =

1440 x

Motorized

Opening Time of Gate =

24

/2

Page :

27

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42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Hoisting Bridge.

Width of the Platform should be sufficient to accommodate the gear box and enough space for manual operation and maintenance. 1Clear Span = 26.8 2Let length of the bridge = 33.39 3Weight of Gate = 17,208.99 4Width of the bridge = 6.5 5Weight of Hoisting m / c. = 1,500 6Dead load i.e. Railing ,Girder ,Channel , = 6140.87 Angles,Chequered Plate etc. 7Width of Pier = 6.56 Live loads @ 105lbs/ft 2 8= 20359.248 9C / C of foundation Plates = 29.83 10 Self Weight of Girder = 56.44

ft. ft. lbs. ft. lbs. lbs. ft. lbs. ft. lbs./ ft.

= Live load + Dead load = 20359.248 + 6140.871 = 26500.12 Load / Girder = 26500.119 2 Maximum Bending Moment due to UDL. = W L / 8 Value of S for Beam IPN - 380 =

= = =

13250.05929 = 7710.79 psi. / 76.88992

b) Maximum Bending Moment due to Concentrated Load. Concentrated Load. = Weight of Hoisting m / c. + Load / Beam Maximum Bending Moment due to Concentrated Load. = W L / 4

= 9354.494 = = = 1,500 + 18,709 lbs. 18,709 2 17,209 =

Weight of Gate

9354.494 lbs. x 12 / 4

M/S

Total Stress

= 837144.9 / 76.89 = 10887.58 psi. B. Stress due to UDL. + B. Stress due to Conc. Load. = 7710.79 + 10887.58 = 18598.37 psi. 18598.37 < 21,600 psi , Hence our design is safe.

Page :

28

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

IPN 380 A

= = = = = = = = 16.59 in 576.84 in

2 4

84

Kg. / m

5.87

Ix

Sx

3 76.89 in

d bf tf tw

Wt.

= = = =

380 mm. 149 mm. 20.5 mm. 13.7 mm. 0.54 14.96

Mu Mn

= = = = 0.9 1430026.78 lbs. in. 0.9 x Fy x Sx x 21600 x 1494740.00 lbs. - in 76.88992 0.81

Mn

>

Mu

Fig. #REF!

Check

for Deflection.

3 = 5 W L / 384xEI

3 29.8304 x 12 ) 576.8426

0.517 = = = = 0.974 in

Allowable Deflection

L / 350

29.8304 x 12 / 350 1.023 in

Allowable Deflection

>

Actual Deflection

Page :

29

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of Supports

Max. Load on each side

= (Wt. of Gate + seals Friction + Pin Friction + Dead Load + Live Load )/2 4300.50 + 44975 + 20359.25 ) / 2 = 46492.30 lbs. + 6140.87

17,209

= = = = = = = = = =

Bending Moment.

72 in. WL/8 23246.15 x 72 / 8 209,215.34 lbs.- in. 36,000 x 0.60 21600 psi

209,215.34 / 21600 3 9.69 in.

We are using Channel 240 x 33.2 kg/m For Which

Sx

3 18.31 in

Page :

30

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Total downward Force = = A1 = 200 x 2 = 1600 in A2 = 175 x 2 = 3500 in A3 = 12 x 2 = 1800 in A4 = 140 x = 1680 in2 Y = {( 1600 x 87 ) + = 124.275 mm Moment of Inertia I 200 + 175 + 12 + 140 I Ec Ea b S = = = = = = = = = = wt. of gate + Frictional force due to Water head 17.21 + 49.28 66.48 kips 8 Y1 20 Y2 150 Y3 12 Y4 186 ) 1680 + x ( = 3500 6 6 in x ) } / ( 172 ) + ( 1800 1600 + 3500 1800 + 1680 = 87 in = 172 in = 186 in

= x x x x 8 20 150 12

3 3 3 3

/ / / /

12 12 12 12

+ + + +

x x x x

( ( ( (

186 172 87 6

4 ########## mm

4 4.36E+07 mm

24862 Mpa 200,000 Mpa 200 mm I/Y ########## 124.275 3 350759.29 mm ( k/4Ea x I ) 1/4 Total down ward force Width of gate

= Ec Ea b

66.48 x 4.45 x 3.28 / 26.75 = 36.27 KN/m = 24862 Mpa = 200,000 Mpa = 200 mm. Fig. #REF!

Page :

31

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

( k / 4Ea x I)1/4

K K

= =

0.4 Ec ( Ec b4 / Ea I ) 1/3

0.4 x 24862 x

(

200,000

4 24862 x 200 1/3 x 4.36E+07 ) = 16494.55 Mpa = 2391709.09 psi 1/4 ( 2E+06 ( 4 x 200,000 x 4.36E+07 )) -1 = 0.016 mm

M M

= =

P / 4e

- x

x

( Cos x - Sin x )

= 1

36.27 ( 4 x 0.560 KN - m

= P / 2b ( A X 1 + A X 2 + A X 3 ) Ref 1 page 154 x Ax = e ( Cos x - Sin x ) The load is uniformly distributed Formulae x is for wheels but in our case the load is uniformly distributed and hence whole of the term ( Ax1 + Ax2 + Ax3 ) = 1 Po = 36.27 x 0.016 ( 2 x 200 ) = 0.0015 Mpa = 0.213 psi Po

OK

Page :

32

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Fy = 36 ksi Fb = 21.6 ksi The load acting on the gate (Resultant) The load on one side track

= = = = = = =

66.484 kips 66.484 33.242 147.93 16.66 147.93 0.029 /2 kips KN ft. KN / mm

= 5078.70

5078.70 mm

Modulus of foundation

Ec Ea b t I = = = = = = = 24862 200,000 1 8 3 b t / 12 1 x 42.67 Mpa Mpa mm mm 8 mm

4

12

Figure

300

12 150

275 12

300

Fig. #REF!

12

Fig. #REF!

Page :

33

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Modulus of footing

K K =

0.4 Ec ( Ec b4 / Ea I ) 1/3

x 14 / x 200,000 42.67 0.0803 x ) 1/4

1/3 42.67 )

= 0.4 x 24862 x ( 24862 = 1420.37 Mpa = ( 1420.37 4 x 200,000 -1 = 0.0803 mm / Effective length = = (width) = 39.12 mm Provided width of side track = 300 width provided > width required Hence it is Ok

mm

1 Cos h Sin h Cos Sin Mc = 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 = = = 0.0803 x = 1.456E+10 = 1.456E+10 = 0.5082 = -0.8613 300 = = = 1.513 x 10 11 1.513 x 10 11 24.10 radians

= Bending stress, s Sx = Y = =

Max. Bending Moment. P { ( cos h 1 - Cos 1 ) / 4 ( sin h 1 - Sin 1 )} 0.029 x { ( 1.4565E+10 0.508 x ( 14564586066 0.09 N - mm = Mc / Sx I/y = 42.67 20 mm3 = 2.13 (12+8) 20 mm = 0.09 = 0.0425 Mpa = 6.16 psi 2.13

) (4x -

0.080 -0.8613 )}

Bending stress

Page :

34

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Po = P / L eft. = 147.93 = #DIV/0! = #DIV/0! Mpa psi #DIV/0! Hence Ok < 4000 psi 0.00

Total Hoist load Load / Pin = = = 146531.78 Kg. 322956.05 lbs. Hoist Load / 2 322956.05 / 2 161478.02 lbs = 1.75 = /4 x( in. 1.75 x )2 2.41 65,000

Dia of pin used Area of pin Shear Stress induced in pin Allowable Shear stress Allowable Shear stress > Actual Stress Hence Dia 1.75

in.

Selected is Ok

Page :

35

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Weight of Gate

Sr.No. Description Dimensions Qty. X - Sect. Unit Wt. Total Wt.

Area

in.2

12345678910 11 12 13 14 V. Stiff. (Angle) Top Angle Side Angle Side Backing Pl. Side Seal Side Clamping Pl. H. Backing Pl. Bottom Seal H. Clamping Pl. Bolts,Nuts,Washers Pins.L.E.Pl.& Welds. etc. #REF! 0.625 0.625 0.375 0.50 0.375 0.50 0.50 0.375 #REF! 8 8 4 6 3.50 #REF! 4 4 4.71 4.71 4.71 9.67 9.67 4.71 6 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 #REF! 5.75 5.75 1.50 3.00 1.31 2 2.125 1.50 Skin Plate H. Girder Gate Arm ( UB 309 x 42kg / m ) 9.67 6 9.22 12 12 0.50 0.375 9.67 1 2 4 196.74 #REF!

lbs.

2369.44 6474.52 260.21

lbs.

2369.44 12949.05 1040.83

#REF! 189.23 184.35 36.07 19.04 42.08 182.62 38.41 136.96 #REF! #REF!

= = =

Kips.

Page :

36

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Spur Gear Design.

Tp , Teeth of pinion m, Module = Pitch diameter of pinion Dp P a b hk C Do DR =Diameteral pitch = Addendum =Dedendum = Working depth = Clearance = Outside diameter = Root diameter (Refer Machinery Handbook) = = = = = = = = = = = 23 4 mm 92 mm 3.62 6.35 0.1575 0.1969 0.3150 0.0394 3.937 3.228 in. in in. in. in in. in. in.

= = = = = = = =

Material = A-322, Grade 8620 Sc = Surface stress factor X c = Speed factor for wear Pressure angle Z = Zone factor = = = = 1400 0.935 20 degree 2

F = Face Width = 1.77 in. N = Rpm = Revolutions per minute = 30 rpm No. of teeth = 23 0.8 0.8 = ( 6.35 ) K = Pitch factor = P = 4.3875 p = Diameteral Pitch = 6.35 Pinion HP for wear = Sc Xc Z F N T / 126,000 K P = 1400 x 0.935 x 2 x 1.77 x 30 x 21 / ( 126,000 x 4.3875 x 6.35 ) = 0.911 Hp

Tp Teeth of Spur Gear Module ,m Pitch diameter of pinion Dp = P = Diameteral pitch a = Addendum b =Dedendum hk = Working depth C = Clearance Do = Outside diameter DR = Root diameter = = = = = = = = = Tp x m Tp/Dp 1/ P 1.25/P 2/P 0.25 / P (T + 2) P (N - 2.50) / P = = = = = = = = = = = 48 4 192 7.559 6.35 0.1575 0.1969 0.3150 0.0394 7.874 7.165 mm mm in. in. in. in in. in. in.

Page

37

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Fixed Wheel Gate. With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Material :S Xc Z F N T K P Gear HP for Wear = 30 x 23 / 48 A 322 Grade 8620 = = = 1400 psi. 0.935 2

= = =

= 1.102 in. = 14.375 rpm = 48 = 4.39 = 6.35 = Sc Xc Z F N T / 126,000 K P 1,400 x 0.935 x 2 x 1.102 x 14.375 x 48 / (126,000 x 4.39 x 6.35 ) 0.5671 hp A 322 Grade 8620 = 17000 Psi = 0.60 = 0.70 = 1.77 in = 30 rpm = 23 = 6.35 in Sb Xb Y F N T / ( 126000 x P2 ) (pinion) = 17,000 x 0.60 x 0.70 x 1.77 x 30 x 23 / (126,000 x 6.352 ) 1.716 hp

Material ;Sb = Bending stress Xb = Speed factor for strength Y = Strength factor F = Face width rpm = Revolutions per minute N = Number of teeth Diameteral pitch

= =

Sb Xb Y F N = 30x 21 / 59 T P = = = = = = = 17000 0.60 0.59 1.102 14.375 48 6.35 psi.

= =

Page

38

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Material :A 322 Grade 8620 Sc Xc Z F N = 30 x 23 / 48 T K P = = = = = = = = 1400 0.935 1.83 2.56 14.375 20 4.3875 6.35 psi.

in. rpm

in.

=

= Sc Xc Z F N T / (126,000 K P ) 1,400 x 0.935 x 1.83 x 2.56 x 14.375 x 20 / (126,000 x 4.3875 x 6.35 ) 0.502 hp

Material :- A 322 Grade 8620 Sc Xc Z F N = 30x 23 / 48 x 20 / 52 T k P = 1400 psi. = 0.935 = 1.83 = 2.36 in. = 5.529 rpm = 52 = 4.3875 = 6.35 in. = Sc Xc Z F N T / (126,000 K P ) 1,400 x 0.935 x 1.83 x 2.36 x 5.529 x 52 / 126,000 x 4.3875 x 6.35 ) 0.463 hp

= =

Material :A 322 Grade 8620 Sb Xb Y F N = 30x 23 / 48 T P = = = = = = = 17000 0.60 0.575 2.56 14.375 20 6.35 psi.

=

Sb Xb Y F N T / ( 126000 x P2 ) = 17000 x 0.60 x 0.575 x 2.56 x 14.375 x 20 / (126000 x 6.35 2 ) 0.850 rpm

Page

39

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Sb = 17000 psi. Xb = 0.60 Y = 0.62 F = 2.36 in. N = 30x 23 / 48 x 20/ 52 = 5.529 rpm T = 52 P = = 6.35 in. HP for strength S= Xb Y F N T / (126,000 x P2) b 2 = 17,000 x 0.60 x 0.62 x 2.36 x 5.529 x 52 / (126,000 x 6.35 ) = 0.845 hp

Gear

C = Center Distance Module = m = Pressure angle Axial pitch = p 8 mm = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 11.575 in. = 0.315 in. 20 degree module / 0.3183 0.315 / 0.3183 0.9895 1 tP 0.9895 in 60 TP / 60 x 0.9895 / 3.1416 18.898 in 2C - D 2(11.575) - 18.898 4.252 in L /d 0.9895 / 3.1416 x 4.252 0.074 4.232 = 60 294.005

No of worm starts L = Lead of worm thread = 1 x 0.9895 T = No of worm wheel teeth Pitch Dia of worm wheel = D

= Tan. La La = = = = = = = = = = = Tan-1 Tan-1

Ratio a

Page

40

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

F = Actual C = Clearance

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

d + 2a 4.252 + 2 x 0.315 4.882 in. 2.38 P + 0.25 2.38 x 0.9895 + 0.25 2.605 in. 3.7795 in. 0.2 m Cos La 0.20 x 0.315 Cos (4.232) 0.06282 P ( 4.5 + 0.02 x 60 ) 0.9895 ( 4.5 + 0.02 x 60 ) 5.640 8 in 0.262 x n d2+(D/R)2

Actual G

= = = =

Rubbing speed = V

Efficiency =

=

100 x L / ( L + f d )

100 x 0.9895 / (0.9895 + 0.09 x 4.252 ) 45.149 % Phosphor Bronze. Sand Cast

Material :S Xw Fe D = = = = = = = 700 0.85 3.465 18.898 0.18 S Xw Fe D1.8 0.18 x 700 x 0.85 x 3.465 x 18.8981.8 73629.28 lbs- in.

Material :S Xw Fe D Wear load (Worm) Corbon steel, Normalized = 900 = 0.72 = 3.465 = 18.898 = 0.18 S Xw FeD1.8 0.18 x 900 x 0.72 x 3.465 x 18.8981.8 = = 80187.85 lbs. - in.

Page

41

of

42

SUN Engineers

G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River

Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Material :Sb Xs Q m D La Phosphor Bronze. Sand Cast = 7,000 Psi = 0.56 = Arc length of teeth at root = 3.76 = = 0.315 = 18.898 = 4.232 = = 0.625 Sb Xs Q m D cos La 0.625 x 7,000 x 0.56 x 3.76 x 0.315 x 18.898 x cos (4.232 ) = 54689.776 lbs. - in.

Material :Sb Xs Q m D La Corbon steel, Normalized = = = = = = = = 20,000 0.56 3.76 0.315 18.898 4.232 Psi

0.625 Sb Xs Q m D cos La = 0.625 x 20,000 x 0.56 x 3.76 x 0.315 x 18.898 x 0.9973 156256.5 lbs. - in.

Horsepower Rating

considering the minimum of values i.e. Strength load ( wheel ). hp = Mn / 63,000 = ( 54689.78 x 30 x 19 / 59 x 20 / 52 x 1 / 60 rpm ) / 63000 2.400 hp Required Hp = Lift x Load / 33000 = ( 12.808 in. / min )(1ft / 12in x hp 33242.24 ) / 33000 = 1.075 hp

References:

12345-

Design of Hydraulic Gate . ( by Paullo C. F. Erbisti ) Steel Construction Manual. ( by AISC. ) , Machinery s Hand Book ( By ERIK OBERG AND FRANKLIN & JONES. ) Formulas for Stress and Strain ( By Raymond J. Roark. ) Hand Book of Gear Design . ( By Gitin M. Maitra .)

Page

42

of

42

0 x P2 )

0 x P2 )

0 K P)

0 K P)

6.352 )

mm

x 4.252

4.232 )

ONES. )

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