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Design of Weir Type Radial Gates

Project :Six ( 6 ) Dispersal Structure On Nari River ( Package - 1 ) Client :Consultants :Irrigation and Power Department of Balochistan CAMEOS Consultants.
Consulting Engineers, Architects & Planners Islamabad.

Contractor :-

Design Criteria & Computation For Radial Gates


( Haji Shaher )

8.18 m.
With Arm 6 m.

X 5.08

m.

DATE OF SUBMISSION :

May., 2012

SUN ENGINEERS;
Climax abad , G. T. Road Gujranwala.

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River Radial Gates


With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

TABLE OF CONTENTS. 12345678910 11 12 13 Data Material Used & Stresses Computation of Hydraulic Forces Pin Friction Seal Friction Load on Stiffeners Design of Vertical Beams ( Angle ) Design of Main Horizontal Girders Design of Struts ( Radial Arms ) Design of Trunnion Assembly Design of Trunnion Pin Design of Wire Rope Design of Rope Drum Axle Page No. 1 2 3 5 5 7 8 14 18 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 #REF! 33 36

14 - Design of Cross Shaft 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Hoisting Effort Hoisting Bridge. Design of Trunnion Embedded Parts Design of Side Embedded Parts Weight of Gate Hoisting M / C

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River Radial Gates


With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Data
1 - Clear Span 2 - Max. Water Level 3 - Trunnion Center Level 4 - Trunnion Height 5 - Gate Sill Level 6 - Gate Top Level 7 - Gate Arm Radius 8 - Hoist deck Level 9 - Hoist deck Height 10 - No. of Hoist = = = = = = = = = = 8.180 m. 113.610 m. 114.110 m. 4.580 m. 109.530 m. 114.610 m. 6.00 m. 115.610 m. 6.080 m. = = = = = = = = = 26.83 ft. 372.64 ft. 374.28 ft. 15.022 ft. 359.26 ft. 375.92 ft. 19.680 ft. 379.20 ft. 19.94 ft. 2

Gate Parameters
1- Gate Height 2- Gate Width 3- Arc Length 4- No. of Gates 5.08 m. 8.16 m. 4.71 m. = = = = 16.66 ft. 26.75 ft. 15.45 ft. 11

Effective Head
Head on Upstream 4.08 = 13.38 ft.

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River Radial Gates


With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Material Used & Stresses Design criteria & computations for Radial Gate With Arm 19.68 ft Job: Design of Radial Gate With Arm 19.68 ft

Technical Specifications
1- Structural Steel. a- For Skin plate, Beams & Stiffeners of Gate. ASTM-A 36 Specification for structural steel". ASTM-A 36 Specification for structural steel". ASTM - 276 Specification for stainless steel ( bars, bolts, nuts & washer etc.) 3-

b- For Embedded parts ( except Seal & track plates & Side guides) 2-

Corrosion- Resisting (or Corrosion Resistant) Steel.

Corrosion- Resisting (or Corrosion Resistant) Steel.


( pins & rods)

ASTM - 276 Type 410 Specification for stainless steel

4- Normal Nuts, Bolts And Washers.

ASTM 307Grade A

ALLOWABLE STRESSES
Fy = = 36,000 psi. 36 ksi.

Type of Stresses
abcdebending Stress Tension Shear Combined Stress For All Mech. & Electrical Components

Load Case Normal Occasional Exceptional 0.6 0.8 0.95 0.45 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.75 0.95 No 0.33 Fy 0.67 Fy 0.90 Fy or 0.2 Fu or 0.4 Fu or 0.55 Fu Which ever is Less

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates
With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Computation of Hydraulic Forces


H = Head = EL = 372.64 EL = = 359.26 13.38 ft.

The Horizontal Components of the Water Thrust is xBxh(H-h/2) Ref :1 Eq 4.15 Page 103 The Vertical Components of the Water Thrust is Wv = B R [ Dm (Cos as - Cos ai + R (ai - as ) / 2 + R ( Sin as Cosas - Sinai Cosai ) / 2 ]
W =
PIER TOP=115.61

Ref. 1 Eq. 4.16 Page 103

Gate Top Level =114.61 EL 114.11 M.W.L.113.61

7 C=1

.32

6.08
31

5.08
B= . 21

EL 109.53

Where ; Fig. 1 RADIAL GATE (HAJI SHAHER) 3 = specific weight of water = 62.4 lbs./ ft . B = span of Side Seals = 26.83 ft. H = Max. Head of Water on Sill = 13.38 ft. H = h = Gate Sealing Height = 13.38 ft. R = Skin Plate radius ( Measured on the wet surface. ) Dm = Difference bettween the elevation of the water level and center of curvature of Skin Plate.

as ai
Ds Di

= = = =

Arc Sine Ds / R Arc Sine Di / R Difference between the elevations of Center of Curvature of the Skin Plate and the Water Level ( for Weir Gates ) Difference between the elevations of Center of Curvature of the Skin Plate and the sill. a) Dm , Ds , & Di refer to Difference of the elevations and may assume positive or Negative sign , depending on the gate arrangement. b) The angle as & ai are taken in radians and can also assume a positive or Negative sign. c) The Direction of the Vertical Components is given by its sign ; Positive : Upward Negative: Down ward

Note ; -

Page :

a= 6.

36

R= 6

4.08

4.58

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates
With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

The Magnitude and Direction of the resultant Water Thrust are Calculated by W = W
2 h

+W

2 v

Ref. 1 Eq. 4.19 Page 103 Ref. 1 Eq. 4.20 Page 103
= = = = = = = 26.83 19.680 -1.64 13.38 13.38 1.64 15.02 ft. ft. ft. ft. ft. ft. ft.

= arc tan W v / W h In our case ; B R Dm = 372.64 ft. H = 372.64 ft. h = 372.64 ft. Ds = 374.28 ft. Di = 374.28 ft.

374.28 359.26 359.26 372.64 359.26

ft. ft. ft. ft. ft.

s =
= = =

Arc Sin Ds / R Arc Sin ( 0.0834 rad. Arc Sin Di / R Arc Sin ( 0.8685 rad. 15.02 19.680 ) 1.64 19.680 )

i =
=

Cos as = Cos ai = Horizontal Component of W Wh = 62.4

0.9965 0.6460 x

Sin as sin ai (Eq 4.15 ) Page 103 26.83 x

= = 13.38

0.0833 0.7633 ( 13.38 13.38

/ 2 ) = 149916.61 lbs. = 149.92 Kips Vertical Component of W ( Eq 4.16 ) W v = B R [Dm (cos a s - cos a i ) + R (a i - a s) / 2 + R ( sin a s cos as - sin a I cos a i ) / 2] = 62.4 x 26.83 x 19.680 [ -1.64 ( 0.9965 - ( 0.6460 ) + 19.680 { 0.8685 0.0834 )}/2 + 19.680 ( 0.0833 x 0.9965 0.7633 x 0.646 ) / 2 ] = 32948.590 [ -0.575 + 7.725 + -4.035 ] = 102624.90 lbs. = 102.625 Kips The magnitude and direction of the resultant Water thrust are calculated by: W = = = W2 h + W2 v 181.68 Kips 149.92
2

102.62

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates
With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Direction of W =
= Arc Tan ( 102.62 149.92 )

W B Wh

Wv

0.600 rad. 34.39 degree

Pin Friction
Fig : 2 The friction on supports and hinges is proportional to the water load on the gate and the coefficient of friction of the surface in contact. It is calculated by the equation. Fa = Fh Eq. 9.1 Ref 1 Page 226 Where Fh = Max . Horizontal thrust on each Trunnion pin = Coefficient of friction Let the pin diameter is equal to 6 in. and coefficient of friction between two metals as 0.30 for steel bronze under static conditions (Table 9-1 Ref 1 page 226) the max horizantal thrust on the pin will be when the gate is fully closed and full head is acting. Max.Thrust Force for both Pins per gate Force of Friction = = = = = 5.59 Kips/ft. 5.59 x 149.92 Kips 0.30 x149.92 44.97 Kips

26.83

Seal Friction
SIDE SEAL FRICTION
2" width of the seal , the water pressure Total head = 13.38 ft Average pressure at the bottom of seal / ft length of seal (maximum ) = 62.4 x 13.38 x 1 x 2 / 12 = 139.18 lb / ft. length The friction factor between rubber and steel is 1.0 in the start and 0.8 in running condition Ref. 1 Page 228 Total seal friction = 1.0 x F x Sector length Arc length or Sector length = 15.45 ft. Seal friction ( both sides) = 2 x 1 x 139.18 x 15.45 / 1000 Fs = 4.301 kips

139.18

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala
App.Wt. of Gate = = =
2

Nari River
Radial Gates
With Arm 6 m. 0.64(8.18 x 4.08 ) 76.58 KN 17.21 Kips.
2 0.682

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Net Effective Force


Down ward force Wt. of Gate , D Seal Friction , Fs Pin Friction, Fa Buoyancy = = = = = 17.21 4.301 44.97 2.19 64.293 kips kips kips kips kips ( weight of gate )

Total

Net Effective Force


Down ward force Wt. of Gate , D Seal Friction , Fs

&

Pin Friction, Fa

= = = =

17.21 kips ( weight of gate ) 49.28 kips 66.48 kips 79.78 kips

Hoist Capacity
Adding 20% for misc.

Hydrostatic Pressure
Hs Where h h = = = = = = = = = = = = = = x h at the bottom of gate Effective head on the gate 13.38 ft 3 62.4 lbs / ft 62.4 x 13.38 / 1000 0.835 Ksf Gate Area x Hs 26.8 x 16.66 373.32 Kips

Hs FHs

0.835

Hydrodynamic Pressure
Hd Where y a Hd 7/8 x a x x hxy Lavel at dynamic force required in this case Facter of dynamic force x 7 / 8 x 62.4 x 0.1 13.38 0.0731 Ksf = =
2

H 0.1

/ 1000

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates
With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Load on Stiffeners

Gate Area,

26.83

16.66

447 ft.

W Pressure , P

= = =

181.68 Kips F/A 181.68 / 2 0.406 Kips / ft. 0.0028 Ksi.

447

Load on Stiffeners

= = = =

P x Width of Gate 0.406 x 26.83

10.90 Kips / ft. 0.909 Kips / in.

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River Radial Gates


With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of Vertical Beams ( Angle ) Section


Angle 100 x 100 x 10

Area

Chossen Section Properties: 2 = 2.40 in. = = = =


2 7.35 in. 4 3.48 in. 3 1.22 in.

Area ( Angle ) I S Wt.

8.20 lbs./ft.

Loads on vertical stiffeners :P Load on stiffeners, w = = = = = = = = = Section Modulus (Reqd,) = = = < 0.406 ksf P x Width of Gate 0.406 x 10.90 kips / ft. 0.91 kips/in. w L2 / 12 #REF! in 0.91 #REF! #REF! #REF!

27

Moment ( M ) L M

#REF!

12

kips.-in. / in.3
3 1 in.

0.6

36

Section Modulus ( provided,) Section Modulus (Reqd,)

Section Modulus (Provided,)

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Check for Flexure :j Mn j Mn M


MU = = = =
n

#REF!

kips.-in. 0.6 x 36 x 1

j x 0.6 F y x S
0.9 x 23.65 kips.-in.

>

Hence it is O.K

Check for Shear :VU = = = = = wL/2 0.91 x #REF! kips. 0.4 x 34.5960692 kips. #REF! 36 / 2 x 2

VC

VC Check for Deflection :Max. Deflection occures is given by Total Live & Dead Load Value of I 6 for T x

>

VU

Hence it is O.K

= = = 0.375 = = = = = Actual Deflection

W L4 / 384 x E I 0.91 kips/in. 3.48 in.4

13

Max. Deflection :Allowable Deflection

0.91

#REF! L / 750 #REF! / 750 #REF! in

x ( #REF! 384 x 30 x 10 3 x in

)4 3.48

Allowable Deflection

>

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.
V Q B1

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

A T

C B2

l3

R=
l2

16

0 .4

4'

l1 S

Sin b 1 b1

= = = =

V T / R Sin - 1 ( 0.08 rad

Fig. 3 1.64 / 19.680 )

Sin b 2 b2 b L

= = = = = = = = = =

Q S /R Sin - 1 ( 15.0 0.868 rad 0.868 R 19.680 15.449 ft. 0.1414 0.4734 0.3852 x x x x x Total

19.680

0.08 b 0.785 L L L

0.785 rad

l1 l l
2 3

= = = =

2.185 ft. 7.314 ft. 5.951 ft. 15.449 ft.

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Support of vertical Beams is made on the main horizontal girders, where the arms are also connected. In more recent designs ,the use of two pairs of arms per gate prevails,which results in vertical beams with two supports. The vertical beams may be dimensioned as straight ones , supported on the main H.girders and subjected to a triangular load (Weir gates) For Weir Gates with two pairs of radial arms the load diagram is as follows

ghi

ghA ghD

A RA

B 2.185

3.89 7.314

D RD

1 =

2 =

5.951 Fig. 4

Fig.
Where : hi hA

Loading on vertical beams of Weir segment gate


depth corresponding to lower seal = = depth corresponding to support A = L hA = hi ( l 373
2

= 372.64 ft. +

g hi
g hA

l 3 )/L
7.314 5.951 ) + / 15.45

l
=

2+

l3

( 319.95 ft.

hD

= = depth corresponding to support D

g hi g hD
g

hD = =

hi x

l
x =

/L 5.951 / 15.45

l3
=

372.64 143.54 ft.

specific weight of water

3 62.4 lbs/ft.

The bending moments at the supports per unit width of span ,are MA/ =g = =

l1 2 (

2 hi

hA ) / 6 2.185
2

g
( 2 x

= 372.64

62.4 +

lbs. / ft. 3 319.95 ) / 6

62.4 x 52868.34 lbs. - ft. / ft. gl


2 3

M D/

= = =

h D/ 6 5.951
2

62.4 x 52869.15 lbs. - ft. / ft.

143.54

/6

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

The bending moment on any point B between the supports and at a distance x from the support D is ;

MB/ = g [ X x hD (X - 2 ) +
2

( h A - h D ) X ( X 2 - 2 2 ) ] 62 143.54 2 7.314 x ( X
2

( M A' + M D' ) 2 Page142 319.95 6 x 7.314 52869.15 ) 2


3 4.02 X

M B/ =

62.4 { X x
2 143.54 ) X ( X -

7.314 52868.34

+ +

)} +

2 62.4 { 71.771 X 524.91 X + + 52868.746 3 + X2 = 62.4 { 4.02 X 71.77 3 2 + = 250.85 X 4478.49 X 46172.45 X + 3 2 + = 250.85 X 4478.49 X 46172.45 X + Deriving the Eq. ( A ) w.r.to X and making it equal to zero 2 + 752.55 X 8956.97 X 46172.45 =

215.0332 X } 52868.75 (A)

739.94 X } 52868.75 52868.75 0

a c =

= = =

752.55 b - 46172.45 8956.97 3.89 ft. x ( x + 3.89 3.89 67632.92

= 8956.97 2 x & )3 + + 2

8956.97 - 4 x 752.55 = 4478.49 52868.75 179430.55 752.55 x ( 46172.45 )

-15.79 ft. Which is not Applicable x ( 3.89 )2 -

M B/

250.85 46172.45 14721.57

= = MA = = = =

52868.75

-44207.31 lbs. - ft. / ft. MA/ 52868.34 x x x x B / 2 27 B / 2 27

/ 2 / 2

= =

709239.40 lbs. ft. -593049.92 lbs. ft. 709250.218 lbs. ft. 3 = 1.22 in

MB MD

MB

-44207.31
/

MD = = 52869.15 Max. Bending Moment Max. Bending Stress

x x = = = = Allowable . Bending Stress

B / 2 27 / 2 = 709250.22 lbs. ft. and B. M. X 12 / S 709250.22 x 12 1.22 6994500.73 psi = 0.6 x = 21600 psi

36,000

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

M'D = 6906.44 lbs.-ft./ft. M'A = 6906.34 lbs.-ft./ft. M'B = -5774.92 lbs.-ft./ft.

B A D

2.53'

Fig. 5

properties of chosen section


a b d h s1 s2 t Area
= = = = = = = = 6 9.449 12.50 11.61 0.50 0.394 0.375 in. in. in. in. in. in. in.

( T. Fab. )

axs1+hxt+s1+bxs2
A1 + 3 + 2 11.0724 in. hxt+bxs2 = A1Y1+A2Y2+A3Y3 A1+A2 +A3 5.82 in. A2 4.352 8.07 + + A3 3.7200074 Y1 Y2 Y3 = = = = = =

Fig. 6

= = = Area ( T ee ) = y =

y I S Wt. / ft.

= = = = = =

S1/2+h+S2 12.25 h /2+S2 6.19685 S2/2 0.19685

a x s 1 3 / 12 + A 1 ( Y - Y 1 ) 2 + t h 3 / 12 + A 2 ( Y - Y 2 )2 +b s 2 3 / 12 + A 3 ( Y - Y 3 ) 2 4 291.247 in. 3 I/Y = 50.03 in.

( A1 + A 2 ) x 12 x 0.2836
25.02 lbs / ft.

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of Main Horizontal Girders


Beem 24 x 84 Arc length , = L=R R = Radius of arms = 19.680 ft. = Angle subtended by the wet part of the skin plate = 44.98 degree L = x p / 180 19.680 x 44.98 = 15.45 ft.
PIER TOP=115.61

lbs/ft.

Gate Top Level =114.61 EL 114.11 M.W.L.113.61

C=1

7.32

6.08
1 .3

5.08
B= 21

EL 109.53 RADIAL GATE (HAJI SHAHER)

a= 6.

36

R= 6

4.08

4.58

Fig. 7 In particular case of Weir gates with two pair of arms. 1 = 0.1414 x L = 2.185 ft. 7.314 ft. 5.951 ft. 15.45 ft. = = = = 6.36 21.29 17.33 44.98

2 3

= =

0.4734 0.3852

x x

L L

= = =

L = Arc length

a b g

= = =

44.98 44.98 44.98

x x x

0.1414 0.4734 0.3852

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Bending Moment of Girder


As Horizantal girders are rigidly connected with adjacent assembly. ( For Rounded Connections ) L a = = 26.83 ft. 5.91 ft. 15.0 ft. = MB = - q a2 / 16 = = = 322 in. 70.87 in. 180.2 in.

b = Bending Moments MC = MA

@ @

71 180

in. in.

Ref .1 Design of hydraulic Gate page 134 Case 5.13 (a)

(-1)

(-1)

Fig. 8 Where, q = w MC

= = = =

0.91 kips. / in. - q a2 / 16 0.91 x ( 286.27 kips. - in.

71

)2 / 16

Page

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Deflection fc

= =

fc =

q b2 ( 5 b2 - 24 a2 ) / 384 E I x (5x 180.23 384 x 30 x 10 3 x


2

0.91

180.23 2370.08

24

2 70.8661 )

= 0.04528 in. Allowable Deflection. = = =

/ 750 180.23 / 750 0.24 in. 286.27 kips. - in.

Maximum Bending Moment Maximum Bending Stress

= = = =

M S
286.27 1.46 ksi 0.6 21.60 ksi 196.74

Allowable Bending Stress

= =

36

Allowable Stress > Stress Available Max. Bending Moment is M = 286.27 kips. - in. Section Modulus (Reqd.) = = = Section Modulus (Provided) Section Modulus (Reqd.) = < M / fb 286.27
3 13.25 in 3 196.74 in

0.6

36

Section Modulus (Provided)

Properties of chosen section


A
= = 24.65 in2 2370.08 in.4 196.74 in.3 84.00 lbs./ft.

I xx

= S xx = Wt. Check for Flexure M M n M n = = = = Mn

286.27 kips. - in. jxfbxSx 0.9 x 3824.64 kips. - in. > Mu Ok 0.6 x 36 x 196.74

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

properties of chosen section ( W 24x84 lbs/ft. )


a

9.00

in.

a s1

d h s1 t
A

= = = = = = =

24.00 22.46 0.77 0.469

in. in. in. in.

Fig. 9

2 24.65 in. 4 2370.08 in. 3 196.74 in.

I
S

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of Struts ( Radial Arms )


The lower arms / struts are designed as it has the main load and head.

Load
1) Load transfered by the Horizontal Girder
P = Load reaction at the supports of Horizantal girder = WL / 2 = 10.90 x 26.75 /2 = 2) 145.84 kips

Total force acting on 4 Arms / Struts = = W = 181.68 kips 181.68 / 4 45.42 kips
Fn

Total force

Ref : Page 5 / 49 kips force on each Arm

W= W/2 FLOW

16

Fr

W/2 W=

16

Fr

Fn

Properties 0f chosen section.


Chosen Section = Beam IPN 360 2 A = 15.04 in 76.1 kg./m

Fig. 10

I xx
S xx Wt.

= = =

4 471.13 in. 3 66.52 in.

51.15 lbs. / ft.

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m. K = I2 / I1 x h / b 4 2370.08 in. 4 471.13 in. 82.02 in. I2 / I1 x h / b 2370.08 2.292 71.00 in. 180.00 in. wa2/16 0.91 x 286.27 kips-in w / ( k+2 ) x ( b2 / 6 - a2 ) 2.292 = = = = + 71.00

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Buckling Check
I2 I1 h K = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

471.13

82.02

180.00

a b M1

16

M2

0.91 / ( 76.00 kips-in.

2 ) x (

180.00 0.75 0.75

6x x

71.00 36 36

Section Modulus Reqd. Sx ( Reqd. ) Sx Provided

M1 / 286.27 / 3 10.60 in. 3 66.52 in.

1.04 ( From Table 5.7 Page # 125 ) 4 181.68 = 45.42 kips 2 A = Cross - sectional area = 15.04 in M = Net Moment = 286.27 kips-in 3 Wc = Section Modulus (Compression) = 66.52 in. = 1.04 x 45.419 15.04 + 0.9 x ( 286.27 66.52 = 7.02 Slenderness Ratio ,l = Lf / i For combined stresses from table at page No 2 Where Lf = Buckling length fb = 0.75 x Fy = 82.02 in. i = Radius of gyration = 0.75 x 36 = 27.00 Kips. = I / = 5.60 l = 82.020997 = 14.65 Allowable Stress is more than combined stress = 1.04 For Reff.# 1, Page 125 table 5.7 Force Area Relationship Force = 181.68 Kips. No of Arms = 4 Force on each Arm = 181.678 4 = 45.419 kips Allowable Stress = 27.00 kips Area = P / Fb = 45.419 27.00 2 = 1.68 in 2 Area provided = 15.04 in Hence Our design is OK. Area provided > Area Requred F = compression / Axial load =

Stability Check x F/A + 0.9 M / Wc allowable Compression = buckling coefficient =

5.60 14.65

Page :

19

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Arm. BEAM ( Fab. )


b
d b h s t
= = = = =

14.17 in.

s
5.63 in. 12.64 in. 0.77 in. 0.51 in.
Fig. #REF!

A I

= = =

2 15.04 in. 4 471.13 in.

474.88 66.52 in.3

Wt. / ft.

51.15 lbs.

Page :

20

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of Trunnion Assembly

Fig. #REF!

Properties of Chosen Section


(comulatives) A Sxx Ixx Material used Fy = =
2 91.26 in 3 490.58 in

4 = 2651.77 in. = ASTM A - 36

36 ksi

Load on Trunnion Assembly


Load on trunnion assembly Resultant Load = Load on each side = = Area Required = = Area provided = Effective area provided = Fy = Area Provided 181.68 181.68 90.84 90.84 6.31 91.26 91.26 kips / 2 kips / ( 0.4 x 36 ) in2 in.2 - 6 x 1.25 x 2

= =

91.26 2 76.26 in.

15

>

36 ksi Area Required 90.84 kips 0.9x0.4 x Fy x A 0.9 x 0.4 x 36 x 988.33 kips Vc

Check for Shear


Vu V c = = = = <

76.26

Vu

Page :

21

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of Trunnion Pin


Let Dia of Pin = 125 mm h = 522.00 mm P = 181.68 / 2 = Material ASTM A 276 Type 304 or Equivalent ( provided. ) effective 90.839 kips

Fy Allowable Shear Stress

all.
Required Area

/ 4 x D2

= = = = = = = =

65 Ksi 0.20 Fy 0.20 x 13 kips P / 90.839 6.99 6.99

Fig. #REF! 65

all.
in2 in2 13

= = =

2.98 in 75.76 mm

6.99

x4/

Which is less than Dia provided.

Page :

22

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

CALCULATIONS FOR STEEL WIRE ROPE


(i) ( ii ) ( iii ) ( iv ) (v) Total Load Load on each rope Drum Load on each rope Factor of Safety Total bearing strength of wire rope = = = = = = = = 64292.97 32146.49 16073.24 5 16073.24 80366.22 1.00 lbs. lbs. lbs. x lbs. in. 5

Wire Rope dia . 6 x 19 + IWRC construction, The breaking strength of wire rope

45.70 Tons.

( 1 Ton = 2000 lbs. )

91400 lbs.

Hence our Design is safe. ROPE DRUMS


1- Pitch dia of Rope Drum 2- Dia. of Steel Wire Rope . 3- Maximum travel of Gate 4- No. of turns required for Gate = = = = = = = 24 in. 1.00 in. 16.66 ft. 16.66 x 5.30

x 6.00

2.00

5- Total No.of turns ( min ) = 6 + 3 6- Min Rope Drum Length adopted

9.00 Adopted = 10 turns 12 in.

Page :

23

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design For Rope Drum Axle

Maximum Vertical Load Load on each rope Drum Load on each rope Maximum Torque Un-supported length of shaft Maximum Bending Moment Reqd. Section Modulus of shaft 0.196 d3 d = ( We are using Shaft of dia = Z for shaft dia , d

= = = = = = = = = = = 2.977 4

64,292.97 32146.486 16073.243 16,073.24 192878.92 20 16073.24 80366.22 80366.22 2.977 2.977 / 0.196 )1/3 in.

lbs.

x 24 lbs-in. in. x 24 lb-in. /( 0.6 x 45000) in3 in3 =

/2

/4

2.47

in.

Checking the shaft against combined bending and torsion. Considering Key Way Effect 3 Z = d / 16 = 12.57 3 = 12.57 in Maximum Stress = = (

max =

M2+t

/ Z x 1.25
2 192878.92 )

2 80366.22 ) +

12.57

x 1.25

= Checking of the shaft against Torsion only. Torsional Stress =

20784.86 psi.

= T / Z x 1.25 / = 192878.92 12.57 x 1.25 Allowable shear stress for SAE 1060 = 60,000 x 0.4

= =

19186.02 psi. 24000 psi.

Page :

24

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of Cross Shaft

Maximum Load On each Rope Drum Maximum Load On each Rope

= =

32146.49 lbs. 16073.24 lbs.

Torque (T )

= =

16073.24 ( 0.96 x 0.92 ) x 218386.46 = 4.00 in.

24

/2

Let Diameter of Cross Shaft. Z


3 = d / 16 = 12.57 3 = 12.57 in

= =

T/Z 17,378.64 psi

218386.46

12.57

<

18000 Psi (Mat. :- SAE 1045 )

(Allowable)

Which is Safe.

We are using Dia

4.00

in. Shaft which is Safe.

Page :

25

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala Hoisting Efforts
ABCGate Weight , W Side Seal Friction Pin Friction

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m. = = =

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

17,209 lbs. 4300.503 lbs. 44975 lbs.

Hoisting Load

66,484 lbs.

Hoisting Efforts for lifting Gate. =


= 66,484 = 398,907 lb - in. The Eq. Will be T2 = 2

24 2

T1 x n / c
= ? = = = = 398,907 lb - in. lb - in. 65% 0.65 20 / 52 x 1 / 60 x 19 / 47 x 19 / 100 0.000492 398,907 lb - in.

Where

T2 T1 = n =

Torque on Rope Drum

Torque on Hand Wheel (Handle ) Eff. Of Worm / Worm Gear

Gear Reduction Ratio

T2 T2 T1 T1 =

= = = T1 x n / c T2 x c / n

= =

398,907

0.000492

0.65

302.16 lb - in.

Pxr

Where P = Pull Req. at the Hand Wheel. r = Radius of the Handle = T1 = P x 15 = 302.16 lb - in. P = 20.14 lbs RPM = 30 Lifting Speed of Gate = = = =

15 in.

Manual
Opening Time of Gate

30 x 20 / 52 x 1 / 60 x 19 / 47 x 19 / 100 x x 4.496 in / min 18.00 x 12 / 4.496 48.05 Min.

24

/2

Page :

26

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Horse Power Required To Lift the Gate.


We have the general formula for H.P. H.P = 2 N T
33000
H.P = Horse Power Required To Lift the Gate. N = Revolution of Rope Drum per minute = 12 x 2 x 24

0.318

We Require to Lift the gate at a speed of 12 inches per minute


So there are 0.315 revolutions of rope Drum in one minute

Where

Torque on Rope Drum

= =

398,907 lb - in. 33242.24 lb - ft.

H.P = 2 N T 33000 = = 2 x 0.318 x 33000 2.015 h.p. 33242.24

Lifting Speed of Gate =

1440 x

Motorized
Opening Time of Gate =

23 / 48 x 20 / 52 x 1 / 60 x 19 / 47 x 19 / 100 x x 12.808 in / min 18.00 x 12 / 12.808 16.87 Min.

24

/2

Page :

27

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Hoisting Bridge.
Width of the Platform should be sufficient to accommodate the gear box and enough space for manual operation and maintenance. 1Clear Span = 26.8 2Let length of the bridge = 33.39 3Weight of Gate = 17,208.99 4Width of the bridge = 6.5 5Weight of Hoisting m / c. = 1,500 6Dead load i.e. Railing ,Girder ,Channel , = 6140.87 Angles,Chequered Plate etc. 7Width of Pier = 6.56 Live loads @ 105lbs/ft 2 8= 20359.248 9C / C of foundation Plates = 29.83 10 Self Weight of Girder = 56.44

ft. ft. lbs. ft. lbs. lbs. ft. lbs. ft. lbs./ ft.

a) Maximum Bending Moment due to UDL ;


= Live load + Dead load = 20359.248 + 6140.871 = 26500.12 Load / Girder = 26500.119 2 Maximum Bending Moment due to UDL. = W L / 8 Value of S for Beam IPN - 380 =

= = =

13250.06 lbs. 592881.853 76.89 in. - lbs. in3

Bending Stress f due to UDL. = M / S


13250.05929 = 7710.79 psi. / 76.88992

b) Maximum Bending Moment due to Concentrated Load. Concentrated Load. = Weight of Hoisting m / c. + Load / Beam Maximum Bending Moment due to Concentrated Load. = W L / 4
= 9354.494 = = = 1,500 + 18,709 lbs. 18,709 2 17,209 =

Weight of Gate

9354.494 lbs. x 12 / 4

x 29.83 = 837144.9 lbs.- in.

Bending Stress f due to Concentrated Load. =

M/S

Total Stress

= 837144.9 / 76.89 = 10887.58 psi. B. Stress due to UDL. + B. Stress due to Conc. Load. = 7710.79 + 10887.58 = 18598.37 psi. 18598.37 < 21,600 psi , Hence our design is safe.

Maximum Bending Stress is

Page :

28

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Properties of Chosen Section of Beam .


IPN 380 A
= = = = = = = = 16.59 in 576.84 in
2 4

84

Kg. / m

5.87

Ix
Sx

3 76.89 in

d bf tf tw
Wt.

14.96 in 5.87 in 0.81 in 0.54 in

= = = =

380 mm. 149 mm. 20.5 mm. 13.7 mm. 0.54 14.96

56.44 lbs. / ft.

Check For Flexure.


Mu Mn
= = = = 0.9 1430026.78 lbs. in. 0.9 x Fy x Sx x 21600 x 1494740.00 lbs. - in 76.88992 0.81

Mn

>

Mu
Fig. #REF!

Hence Our Design is Safe.

Check

for Deflection.

Max. Deflection occures at the Centre of the Beam Which is =


3 = 5 W L / 384xEI

+ P L 3 / 48E I x 12 ) 3 576.84256 + + 9354.494 x 48 x 30 x 106 x (


3 29.8304 x 12 ) 576.8426

13250.06 x ( x 5 29.8304 384 x 30 x 106 x = 0.457

0.517 = = = = 0.974 in

Allowable Deflection

L / 350
29.8304 x 12 / 350 1.023 in

Allowable Deflection

>

Actual Deflection

Hence Our Design is Safe.

Page :

29

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of Supports
Max. Load on each side
= (Wt. of Gate + seals Friction + Pin Friction + Dead Load + Live Load )/2 4300.50 + 44975 + 20359.25 ) / 2 = 46492.30 lbs. + 6140.87

17,209

Load on each Channel

= = = = = = = = = =

46492.30 / 2 23246.15 lbs.

Maximum Length of Support

Bending Moment.

Allowable Bending Stress

72 in. WL/8 23246.15 x 72 / 8 209,215.34 lbs.- in. 36,000 x 0.60 21600 psi
209,215.34 / 21600 3 9.69 in.

Section Modulus Required.


We are using Channel 240 x 33.2 kg/m For Which

Sx

3 18.31 in

Hence the Selected Support is Safe.

Page :

30

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of Bottom Embedded parts


Total downward Force = = A1 = 200 x 2 = 1600 in A2 = 175 x 2 = 3500 in A3 = 12 x 2 = 1800 in A4 = 140 x = 1680 in2 Y = {( 1600 x 87 ) + = 124.275 mm Moment of Inertia I 200 + 175 + 12 + 140 I Ec Ea b S = = = = = = = = = = wt. of gate + Frictional force due to Water head 17.21 + 49.28 66.48 kips 8 Y1 20 Y2 150 Y3 12 Y4 186 ) 1680 + x ( = 3500 6 6 in x ) } / ( 172 ) + ( 1800 1600 + 3500 1800 + 1680 = 87 in = 172 in = 186 in

= x x x x 8 20 150 12
3 3 3 3

/ / / /

12 12 12 12

+ + + +

1600 3500 1800 1680

x x x x

( ( ( (

186 172 87 6

124.275 124.275 124.275 124.275

4 ########## mm

4 4.36E+07 mm

24862 Mpa 200,000 Mpa 200 mm I/Y ########## 124.275 3 350759.29 mm ( k/4Ea x I ) 1/4 Total down ward force Width of gate

= Ec Ea b

66.48 x 4.45 x 3.28 / 26.75 = 36.27 KN/m = 24862 Mpa = 200,000 Mpa = 200 mm. Fig. #REF!

Page :

31

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

( k / 4Ea x I)1/4

K K

= =

0.4 Ec ( Ec b4 / Ea I ) 1/3
0.4 x 24862 x

( Ref. 1 Eq. 6.2c Page # 153 )


(
200,000

4 24862 x 200 1/3 x 4.36E+07 ) = 16494.55 Mpa = 2391709.09 psi 1/4 ( 2E+06 ( 4 x 200,000 x 4.36E+07 )) -1 = 0.016 mm

M M

= =

P / 4e

- x

( Cos x - Sin x ) 0.016 Where e x 1000 )


x

( Cos x - Sin x )

= 1

36.27 ( 4 x 0.560 KN - m

Concrete Bearing Pressure


= P / 2b ( A X 1 + A X 2 + A X 3 ) Ref 1 page 154 x Ax = e ( Cos x - Sin x ) The load is uniformly distributed Formulae x is for wheels but in our case the load is uniformly distributed and hence whole of the term ( Ax1 + Ax2 + Ax3 ) = 1 Po = 36.27 x 0.016 ( 2 x 200 ) = 0.0015 Mpa = 0.213 psi Po

This value is very small hence

OK

Page :

32

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Design of side Embedded Parts


Fy = 36 ksi Fb = 21.6 ksi The load acting on the gate (Resultant) The load on one side track

= = = = = = =

66.484 kips 66.484 33.242 147.93 16.66 147.93 0.029 /2 kips KN ft. KN / mm

The height of the gate Load on each side

= 5078.70

5078.70 mm

Modulus of foundation
Ec Ea b t I = = = = = = = 24862 200,000 1 8 3 b t / 12 1 x 42.67 Mpa Mpa mm mm 8 mm
4

( 4000psi for concrete assumed )

12

Figure

300

12 150

275 12

300

Fig. #REF!

12

Fig. #REF!

Page :

33

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Modulus of footing
K K =

0.4 Ec ( Ec b4 / Ea I ) 1/3

( Ref. 1 Eq. 6.2c Page # 153 )


x 14 / x 200,000 42.67 0.0803 x ) 1/4
1/3 42.67 )

= 0.4 x 24862 x ( 24862 = 1420.37 Mpa = ( 1420.37 4 x 200,000 -1 = 0.0803 mm / Effective length = = (width) = 39.12 mm Provided width of side track = 300 width provided > width required Hence it is Ok

mm

Max . Bending Moment


1 Cos h Sin h Cos Sin Mc = 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 = = = 0.0803 x = 1.456E+10 = 1.456E+10 = 0.5082 = -0.8613 300 = = = 1.513 x 10 11 1.513 x 10 11 24.10 radians

= Bending stress, s Sx = Y = =

Max. Bending Moment. P { ( cos h 1 - Cos 1 ) / 4 ( sin h 1 - Sin 1 )} 0.029 x { ( 1.4565E+10 0.508 x ( 14564586066 0.09 N - mm = Mc / Sx I/y = 42.67 20 mm3 = 2.13 (12+8) 20 mm = 0.09 = 0.0425 Mpa = 6.16 psi 2.13

) (4x -

0.080 -0.8613 )}

Bending stress

Page :

34

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Concrete Bearing Pressure


Po = P / L eft. = 147.93 = #DIV/0! = #DIV/0! Mpa psi #DIV/0! Hence Ok < 4000 psi 0.00

Lifting Eye Pin


Total Hoist load Load / Pin = = = 146531.78 Kg. 322956.05 lbs. Hoist Load / 2 322956.05 / 2 161478.02 lbs = 1.75 = /4 x( in. 1.75 x )2 2.41 65,000

Dia of pin used Area of pin Shear Stress induced in pin Allowable Shear stress Allowable Shear stress > Actual Stress Hence Dia 1.75

2 = 2.41 in = 161478.02 = 67134.76 psi = 0.4 = 26000 psi

in.

Selected is Ok

Page :

35

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Weight of Gate
Sr.No. Description Dimensions Qty. X - Sect. Unit Wt. Total Wt.
Area

in.2
12345678910 11 12 13 14 V. Stiff. (Angle) Top Angle Side Angle Side Backing Pl. Side Seal Side Clamping Pl. H. Backing Pl. Bottom Seal H. Clamping Pl. Bolts,Nuts,Washers Pins.L.E.Pl.& Welds. etc. #REF! 0.625 0.625 0.375 0.50 0.375 0.50 0.50 0.375 #REF! 8 8 4 6 3.50 #REF! 4 4 4.71 4.71 4.71 9.67 9.67 4.71 6 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 #REF! 5.75 5.75 1.50 3.00 1.31 2 2.125 1.50 Skin Plate H. Girder Gate Arm ( UB 309 x 42kg / m ) 9.67 6 9.22 12 12 0.50 0.375 9.67 1 2 4 196.74 #REF!

lbs.
2369.44 6474.52 260.21

lbs.
2369.44 12949.05 1040.83

#REF! 189.23 92.17 24.05 9.52 21.04 182.62 38.41 136.96

#REF! 189.23 184.35 36.07 19.04 42.08 182.62 38.41 136.96 #REF! #REF!

4 26.8304 4.25 26.8304 4 26.8304

Weight of Gate Total Weight

= = =

#REF! #REF! #REF!

Kips.

Page :

36

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

HOISTING M/C DESIGN


Spur Gear Design.
Tp , Teeth of pinion m, Module = Pitch diameter of pinion Dp P a b hk C Do DR =Diameteral pitch = Addendum =Dedendum = Working depth = Clearance = Outside diameter = Root diameter (Refer Machinery Handbook) = = = = = = = = = = = 23 4 mm 92 mm 3.62 6.35 0.1575 0.1969 0.3150 0.0394 3.937 3.228 in. in in. in. in in. in. in.

= = = = = = = =

Tp x m T p / Dp 1/ P 1.25/P 2/P 0.25 / P (T + 2) P (N - 2.50) / P

Pinion HP for wear


Material = A-322, Grade 8620 Sc = Surface stress factor X c = Speed factor for wear Pressure angle Z = Zone factor = = = = 1400 0.935 20 degree 2

F = Face Width = 1.77 in. N = Rpm = Revolutions per minute = 30 rpm No. of teeth = 23 0.8 0.8 = ( 6.35 ) K = Pitch factor = P = 4.3875 p = Diameteral Pitch = 6.35 Pinion HP for wear = Sc Xc Z F N T / 126,000 K P = 1400 x 0.935 x 2 x 1.77 x 30 x 21 / ( 126,000 x 4.3875 x 6.35 ) = 0.911 Hp

Data of Spur Gear.


Tp Teeth of Spur Gear Module ,m Pitch diameter of pinion Dp = P = Diameteral pitch a = Addendum b =Dedendum hk = Working depth C = Clearance Do = Outside diameter DR = Root diameter = = = = = = = = = Tp x m Tp/Dp 1/ P 1.25/P 2/P 0.25 / P (T + 2) P (N - 2.50) / P = = = = = = = = = = = 48 4 192 7.559 6.35 0.1575 0.1969 0.3150 0.0394 7.874 7.165 mm mm in. in. in. in in. in. in.

Page

37

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Fixed Wheel Gate. With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Gear HP for wear


Material :S Xc Z F N T K P Gear HP for Wear = 30 x 23 / 48 A 322 Grade 8620 = = = 1400 psi. 0.935 2

= = =

= 1.102 in. = 14.375 rpm = 48 = 4.39 = 6.35 = Sc Xc Z F N T / 126,000 K P 1,400 x 0.935 x 2 x 1.102 x 14.375 x 48 / (126,000 x 4.39 x 6.35 ) 0.5671 hp A 322 Grade 8620 = 17000 Psi = 0.60 = 0.70 = 1.77 in = 30 rpm = 23 = 6.35 in Sb Xb Y F N T / ( 126000 x P2 ) (pinion) = 17,000 x 0.60 x 0.70 x 1.77 x 30 x 23 / (126,000 x 6.352 ) 1.716 hp

Horse power for strength


Material ;Sb = Bending stress Xb = Speed factor for strength Y = Strength factor F = Face width rpm = Revolutions per minute N = Number of teeth Diameteral pitch

Horse power for strength


= =

Gear HP for strength


Sb Xb Y F N = 30x 21 / 59 T P = = = = = = = 17000 0.60 0.59 1.102 14.375 48 6.35 psi.

in. rpm in.

Gear HP for strength


= =

Sb Xb Y F N T / ( 126000 x P2 ) = 17,000 x 0.60 x 0.59 x 1 x 10.678 x 48 / (126,000 x 6.35 ) 0.901 hp

Page

38

of

42

SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Pinion Hp for wear


Material :A 322 Grade 8620 Sc Xc Z F N = 30 x 23 / 48 T K P = = = = = = = = 1400 0.935 1.83 2.56 14.375 20 4.3875 6.35 psi.

in. rpm

in.

Pinion Hp for wear


=

= Sc Xc Z F N T / (126,000 K P ) 1,400 x 0.935 x 1.83 x 2.56 x 14.375 x 20 / (126,000 x 4.3875 x 6.35 ) 0.502 hp

Gear HP for Wear


Material :- A 322 Grade 8620 Sc Xc Z F N = 30x 23 / 48 x 20 / 52 T k P = 1400 psi. = 0.935 = 1.83 = 2.36 in. = 5.529 rpm = 52 = 4.3875 = 6.35 in. = Sc Xc Z F N T / (126,000 K P ) 1,400 x 0.935 x 1.83 x 2.36 x 5.529 x 52 / 126,000 x 4.3875 x 6.35 ) 0.463 hp

Gear HP for Wear


= =

Pinion Hp for strength


Material :A 322 Grade 8620 Sb Xb Y F N = 30x 23 / 48 T P = = = = = = = 17000 0.60 0.575 2.56 14.375 20 6.35 psi.

in. rpm in.

Pinion HP for strength


=

Sb Xb Y F N T / ( 126000 x P2 ) = 17000 x 0.60 x 0.575 x 2.56 x 14.375 x 20 / (126000 x 6.35 2 ) 0.850 rpm

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Gear HP for strength


Sb = 17000 psi. Xb = 0.60 Y = 0.62 F = 2.36 in. N = 30x 23 / 48 x 20/ 52 = 5.529 rpm T = 52 P = = 6.35 in. HP for strength S= Xb Y F N T / (126,000 x P2) b 2 = 17,000 x 0.60 x 0.62 x 2.36 x 5.529 x 52 / (126,000 x 6.35 ) = 0.845 hp

Gear

Worm Gear Design


C = Center Distance Module = m = Pressure angle Axial pitch = p 8 mm = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 11.575 in. = 0.315 in. 20 degree module / 0.3183 0.315 / 0.3183 0.9895 1 tP 0.9895 in 60 TP / 60 x 0.9895 / 3.1416 18.898 in 2C - D 2(11.575) - 18.898 4.252 in L /d 0.9895 / 3.1416 x 4.252 0.074 4.232 = 60 294.005

No of worm starts L = Lead of worm thread = 1 x 0.9895 T = No of worm wheel teeth Pitch Dia of worm wheel = D

D = Pitch Dia of worm

Lead angle (Worm)


= Tan. La La = = = = = = = = = = = Tan-1 Tan-1

Ratio a

= T / t = Addendum 0.3183 (1.484) = = Whole depth 0.623 (1.484) =

60 / 1 0.3183 P 0.3183 x 0.9895 0.315 in 0.623 x P 0.623 x 0.9895 0.616 in

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

d o = Outside dia of worm

F = Face width, worm wheel

F = Actual C = Clearance

G = Worm thread length

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

d + 2a 4.252 + 2 x 0.315 4.882 in. 2.38 P + 0.25 2.38 x 0.9895 + 0.25 2.605 in. 3.7795 in. 0.2 m Cos La 0.20 x 0.315 Cos (4.232) 0.06282 P ( 4.5 + 0.02 x 60 ) 0.9895 ( 4.5 + 0.02 x 60 ) 5.640 8 in 0.262 x n d2+(D/R)2

Actual G

= = = =

Rubbing speed = V

0.262 x 3.828 (4.252)2+(18.898 / 60 ) 2 6.176 ft/min

Efficiency =
=

100 x L / ( L + f d )
100 x 0.9895 / (0.9895 + 0.09 x 4.252 ) 45.149 % Phosphor Bronze. Sand Cast

Wear load (wheel)


Material :S Xw Fe D = = = = = = = 700 0.85 3.465 18.898 0.18 S Xw Fe D1.8 0.18 x 700 x 0.85 x 3.465 x 18.8981.8 73629.28 lbs- in.

Wear load (Wheel)

Wear load (Worm)


Material :S Xw Fe D Wear load (Worm) Corbon steel, Normalized = 900 = 0.72 = 3.465 = 18.898 = 0.18 S Xw FeD1.8 0.18 x 900 x 0.72 x 3.465 x 18.8981.8 = = 80187.85 lbs. - in.

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SUN Engineers
G.T. Road Gujranwala

Nari River
Radial Gates With Arm 6 m.

Desig. By: Engr. Liaqat Ali. Check. By: Engr. M. Usman App. By: Capt.(R.) Engr. Nasir

Strength load (wheel)


Material :Sb Xs Q m D La Phosphor Bronze. Sand Cast = 7,000 Psi = 0.56 = Arc length of teeth at root = 3.76 = = 0.315 = 18.898 = 4.232 = = 0.625 Sb Xs Q m D cos La 0.625 x 7,000 x 0.56 x 3.76 x 0.315 x 18.898 x cos (4.232 ) = 54689.776 lbs. - in.

Strength load (Wheel)

Strength load (Worm)


Material :Sb Xs Q m D La Corbon steel, Normalized = = = = = = = = 20,000 0.56 3.76 0.315 18.898 4.232 Psi

Strength load (Worm)

0.625 Sb Xs Q m D cos La = 0.625 x 20,000 x 0.56 x 3.76 x 0.315 x 18.898 x 0.9973 156256.5 lbs. - in.

Horsepower Rating
considering the minimum of values i.e. Strength load ( wheel ). hp = Mn / 63,000 = ( 54689.78 x 30 x 19 / 59 x 20 / 52 x 1 / 60 rpm ) / 63000 2.400 hp Required Hp = Lift x Load / 33000 = ( 12.808 in. / min )(1ft / 12in x hp 33242.24 ) / 33000 = 1.075 hp

References:
12345-

Design of Hydraulic Gate . ( by Paullo C. F. Erbisti ) Steel Construction Manual. ( by AISC. ) , Machinery s Hand Book ( By ERIK OBERG AND FRANKLIN & JONES. ) Formulas for Stress and Strain ( By Raymond J. Roark. ) Hand Book of Gear Design . ( By Gitin M. Maitra .)

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0 x P2 )

0 x P2 )

0 K P)

0 K P)

6.352 )

mm

x 4.252

4.232 )

ONES. )