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Foundries
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Pittsburgh

Piping

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Pi-t-ti-bvir^KPa

PITTSBURGH PIPING AND EQUIPMENT CO.

TABLES OF PIPING STANDARDS

.

MAIN OFFICE AND WORKS:
35th,

CHARLOTTE AND SMALLMAN STREETS,
PITTSBURGH, PA.

BRANCH OFFICES:
AMERICAN TRUST BUILDING, CLEVELAND, OHIO
TRACTION TERMINAL BUILDING,
INDIANAPOLIS, INO.

PEOPLES GAS BUILDING,
CHICAGO, ILL.
ST.

AMERICAN TRUST BUILDING
BIRMINGHAM, ALA.

PAUL BUILDING, NEW YORK

MONADNOCK, BUILDING, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.

1919

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Copyiigl.t 1919 by

PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
Pittsburgh. Pa.

.

AUTHOR

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PITTSBURGH PiPIN c
LIST
Power
2 3 4 5 6
piping specifications.

a

,

EQUIPMENT CO.
BLUE-PRINTED

OF TA,BLES
E 3E

note: these tables MAY
52
53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61
fittings,

Hydraulic flanged fittings and flanges (Pittaburgh steel mills). Hydraulic flanged
fittings (Julian

Kennedy.)

Explanatory notes.

Hydraulic flanges (Julian Kennedy). " pipe and couplings. Hydraulic cocks.

7
8 9
10
11

Drilling template for standard and low pressure. " " extra heavy pressure. " Standard and low pressure flanged fittings,

straight sizes.

Standard and extra heavy screwed Hydraulic screwed fittings.

fittings.

Standard and low pressure flanged
short body.

12 13

Extra heavy flanged " " "

fittings, straight sizes.
'*

short body.

14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21

Standard bases for fittings. Cast iron flanged Y's and necks.
Bell

"

and spigot and flanged " " pipe.

fittings.

62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69
70
71

Cast iron flanged pipe.

Cast iron roller supports and anchors. " " pipe supports. Pipe hangers. Regular pipe bends. Expansion U bends. Lengths of 90 degree arcs. " " arcs for radius-1.

Screwed flanges.

72

Weights
"

of cylindrical castings,

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31

Van Stone flanges. Peened flanges.
Riveted flanges.

73 74 75
76 77
78 79

" " Weights per inch
fittings.

of

1"to 30". 31" to 60". 61" to 100". " standard and extra heavy

Welded flanges and necks.
"
drip pockets.

Dimensions of bolts and nuts. Dimensions of male and female, tongue and
groove facings.
Bolts for standard flange connections. " " extra heavy " "

Low

pressure gate valves.

80
81

32 33 34

35 36 37 38 39 40
41

Standard gate valves. Medium heavy gato valves. Extra heavy gate valves. Transfer valves. Bronze tuyere cocks. Extra heavy brass unions.

Cast iron

slip

expansion

joints.

Globe type copper expansion

joints.

82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90
91

Standard wrought iron and steel pipe. Extra strong and double extra strong wrought iron and steel pipe. O. D. pipe. Tables of decimals. Properties of steam. Pipe clamps and hangers.

Various types of pipe bends.

42 43
44 45 46 47 48 49 50
51

Vacuum copper expansion

joints.

Working and bursting pressures of Weights of gate and globe valves.

pipe.

Corrugated copper expansion

joints.

92
93

94

Hydraulic flanged

fittings

andflanges-1000 " 2500

lbs. lbs.

95 96 97
98

Hydraulic flanged
ern standard).

fittings

and flanges (West-

99
100

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DEX
Anchors, pipe
Arcs, lengths for 90 degree bends

65 70
71

"

"

subtended by any angle

Areas, transverse of pipe

80-81

B
Bases, cast iron " standard dimensions for
fittings

Elbows, flanged, standard and low pressure. 10 " " extra heavy 12 48-49-51-52-53 hydraulic " screwed, standard 60 " extra heavy 60 " hydraulic 61 " base 14

Beam clamps
and spigot pipe " " and flanged " Bends, regular pipe
Bell
fittings

65 14 67 17
16

Expansion bends
"
joints, cast iron slip

69-89 40
41

"

copper, globe " vacuum

" Extra strong pipe

corrugated

42 43
81

"
*'

expansion

U

68 69

various types

89
76
78-79
Flanges, screwed " Van stone " peened
"
riveted

Bolts and nuts
Bolts, for

Standard and Extra Heavy Connections

20
21

Bursting pressures of pipe

90

c
Cast iron pipe, flanged " " " bell and spigot
Chairs, pipe

" 18

welded
hydraulic " Western standard

22 23 24 48-49
51

Clamps, beam
pipe

17 65 67
85, 86, 87, 88

" "

" "

Pittsburgh steel mills std.
Julian

Kennedy standard.

52 54

Cocks, hydraulic " Bronze Tuyere

56

35
41

Copper expansion " "
" "
Crosses, screwed

joints, globe type

G
Gate valves, low pressure, cast iron " " standard pressure, cast iron ... " " medium pressure, cast iron " " extra heavy, cast iron and steel
" "

"

vacuum type
corrugated

"

42 43 60
10

30
31

" "
"

flanged, standard and low pressure
flanged, standard and low pressure,

32
33
91
91

short body

11

weights

"

flanged, extra heavy " short body. ... " "

12
13

Globe valves, weights

Cylindrical castings, weights per inch,

1"to30"
Cylindrical castings, weights per inch,
31 " to

72
73

H
Hangers, pipe Hydrauiic cocks " flanged " flanged
"

60"

67-85-86-87-88

Cylindrical castings, weights per inch,

56
fittings

61" to 100"
Circumferenco of pipe, internal and
external

74
80-81

and flanges fittings and flanges, Western standard flanged fittings and flanges,
Pittsburgh steel mills standard
flanged
fittings,

48-49
51

D
Decimal equivalents
"
Drilling templates, standard

52
53

"

Julian

Kennedy
54
61

"

and foot and low pressure extra heavy
of inch

83
8

standard

"
"

flanges, Julian

Kennedy standard

Drip pockets

9 25

"

screwed fittings pipe and couplings

55

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N D E X— C O N T N U E D
I

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Iron and steel pipe, standard " " " " extra strong

80
81 81

Peened flanges Pipe, wrought steel or
"
"

iron,

standard
extra strong.
..
.

22 80
81

"

"
"

" "

" "

double extra strong ....
outside diameter (O.D.)

" " "

"

"

82

" "

double extra
strong
81

"
"

O.D

hydraulic

82 55
18 17 68-69-89 67-85-86-87-88 67-85-86-87-88 66

"
" " " "
Joints, expansion, cast iron slip

cast iron, flanged

J
40
41

" " bends

bell

and spigot

hangers clamps
supports

"
"

"
"

copper, globe type

" " '

vacuum
corrugated

42
43

working and bursting pressures Pittsburgh steel mills hydraulic standard ...
Pockets, drip

90 52
25
1-2-3-4

Power

piping specifications

Properties of steam

84

L
Laterals, standard and low pressure " extra heavy

10-11

Quarter bends

68-89

12-13 17

Lead, amount required per joint

90 degree arcs " " arcs subtended by any angle. Long radius elbows, standard and low

Lengths

of

70
..
.

71

pressure

Long radius elbows, extra heavy

10 12

Reducers Reducing

10-1 2-48-49
fittings

11-13

Riveted flanges
Roller supports

23
65

Machine bolts Male gnd female facings

76-78-79

Meuium heavy

gate valves

77 32
Saddles, cast iron

s
Screwed
"
fittings

15 60
61

"

hydraulic

"

flanges

N
Necks, cast iron " wrought steel welded
Nuts, machine

Shrink flanges. Slip expansion joints
Specifications,

20 22 40
1-2-3-4

power piping

15 24

Steam

table

Supports, pipe

76

Swedging pipe

84 66 24

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w
Tees, flanged, standard " " extra heavy
hydraulic
10-11

Weights of standard pipe
" " extra strong pipe " double extra strong pipe " O. D. pipe
" gate and globe valves " cylindrical castings, 1"to30"..

80
81
81

12-13

48-49-51-52-53

"

"

base
hydraulic

" "

screwed
"

14 60
61

82
91

" "

Templates for drilling Tongue and groove facing
Transfer valves

8-9

"
"

"

"

77 34

31" 61"

to 60".. to 100".

72 73 74 75 25 24

per inch of fittings
drip pockets

Tuyere cocks bronze Transverse areas of pipe

35
80-81

Welded
"

flanges

"

necks

24

y
U
expansion bends
69-89

Unious, Extra Heavy Brass, Regular *' " " " Universal

36 36

Vacuum expansion
" " " " "

joints.

.

Valves, low pressure gate.

V
.

fittings.

standard gate

medium heavy
transfer

gate.

extra heavy gate

weights

Van Stone flanges

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STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR

POWER

PIPING
24, 1915

Adopted by the Power Piping Society June

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
In the

absence of a distinct specification by the Purchaser,

all

material furnished

shall

conform to

these specifications.
It is the intention that all material furnished hereunder shall be of the quality and weight which experience has shown to be safe and economical, hence the pressures specified are somewhat under those at which satisfactory service can be expected under favorable conditions, but as high as good practice will

permit.
In the

than that given herein, such material shall be furnished at the Purchaser's
material

event of a specification by the Purchaser for service more severe for a given class of material risk, and any guarantees for such
null

made hereunder become

and void.

MATERIALS
Castings:
All castings shall

be smooth and free from injurious defects.

Cast Steel:

The metal
The metal
inch.

in

steel castings shall

conform

to

the requirements of the American Society

for Testing Materials for "

Medium
in

Castings."

Semi-Sieel:

pounds per square

A

transverse test of the "Arbitration

semi-steel castings shall have a tensile strength of not less than 30,000 Bar," as outlined by the American Society

for Testing Materials, supported 12 inches

between centers

shall

show before breaking

a load

of 3,300

pounds

and a deflection of not
:

less than .12 inches.

The metal in gray iron castings shall have a tensile strength of not less than 20,000 Gray Iron pounds per square inch. A transverse test as for Semi-Steel shall show before breaking a load of 2,900 pounds and a deflection of .10 inches.

DIMENSIONS OF FLANGED FITTINGS
All standard and extra heavy flanged fittings shall conform to the center to face, thickness, and flange dimensions of the "American Standard," as recommended in 1914 by the A. S. M. E. Fittings used for working steam pressures 25 pounds and lower, and for water pressures 50 pounds and lower, may be lighter in the shell than the American Standard for 125 pounds working pressure.

DRILLING AND FACING OF FLANGES
All

drilling

of flanges

shall

conform

to

the templates of the said "American Standard," and shall

straddle centers.

Standard flanges shall be plain faced.
inside

Extra heavy flanges shall have

raised

face extending to the

edge

of bolt holes.

SPOTFACING AND BACKFACING
backfaced for sizes 30 inch and Flanges of Standard Cast Iron material shall be either spotfaced or All Cast Steel Flanges shall be spotfaced.

above.

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TYPE ©F JOINTS
The following sizes are the smallest for which flanged joints will be required except for unions. these sizes screwed connections may be used:
Superheated Steam Saturated Steam above 125 pounds Boiler Feed Exhaust Low Pressure Water Blow-Off Drains
2 inches

Below

2y 2 2y 2 2y 2 2H
2y 2

inches inches

inches
inches inches

2 inches

STOP VALVES
Where Stop Valves
is

that of throttling, or for sizes smaller than
All outside

are required they shall be gate valves except for blow-off or where their function inches, when they shall be either globe or angle valves.
,

%

screw gate valves

shall be back-seated to provide for re-packing

under pressure.

Materials and test pressures for the various services shall be as follows:

Superheated Steam: Gate valves 2 inches and larger shall be oxtra heavy, outside screw and yoke pattern, with cast steel bodies, bonnets, discs and yokes; monel metal or 23 per cent, nickel steelseats and disc rings; monel metal or 23 per cent, nickel steel stems; and monel metal or 23 per cent, nickel sleel backseating bushing below the stuffing box. Valves 8 inches and larger shall be by-passed.

Globe and angle valves 2 inches and larger
All stop valves

shall

conform to the same general

specification.

\y 2

inches and smaller shall be extra heavy and shall be

made

of bronze containing not

less than 10 per cent, of nickel.

Valves shall be tested to 800 pounds hydrostatic pressure.
l Saturated Steam between 150 pounds and 250 Pounds per Square Inch, Inclusive: Gate valves 2 / 2 inches and larger shall be extra heavy, outside screw and yoke pattern, with semi-steel bodies, bonnets, discs

and yokes; bronze seats and disc
Globe and angle valves
All stop

rings;

and bronze stems.

Gate valves 8 inches and larger

shall

be by-passed.

2y 2

inches and larger shall conform to the

same general

specification.

valves 2 inches and smaller shall be extra heavy bronze.

Valves shall be tested to 800 pounds hydrostatic pressure.
Saturated Steam between 125 Pounds and 149 Pounds per Square Inch, Inclusive: Gate valves 2}4 inches and larger shall be medium, outside screw and yoke pattern, tested to 500 pounds hydrostatic pressure, with gray iron bodies, bonnets, discs and yokes; bronze seats and disc rings; and bronze stems.

Gate valves 10 inches and larger
pressure, but otherwise to the
All stop

shall

be by-passed.
shall

Globe and angle valves iy> inches and larger

be extra heavy pattern, tested to 800 pound hydrostatic

same

general specification.

valves 2 inches and smaller shall be extra heavy bronze, tested to 500 pounds hydrostatic pressure.

Pounds and 250 Pounds per Square Inch, Inclusive: Gate valves 2J-£ inches be extra heavy, outside screw and yoke pattern, with semi-steel bodies, bonnets, discs and yokes; bronze seats and disc rings; and bronze stems.
Boiler Feed between 125
shall

and larger

Globe and angle valves

iy 2

inches and larger shall conform to the

same

general specification.

Check valves

2y 2

inches and larger shall be extra heavy pattern, with bronze seats and disc rings.
shall

All stop valves

and check valves 2 inches and smaller

be extra heavy bronze.

Valves shall be tested to 800 pounds hydrostatic pressure.

Exhaust: Gate valves 14 inches and larger shall be outside screw and yoke, low pressure pattern, suitable 25 pounds working steam pressure, with gray iron bodies, bonnets, discs and yokes; bronze seats and disc Where space does not permit using outside screw and yoke, inside screw patterns rings; and rolled steel stems. may bo used.
for

for 125

Gate valves 2 l 2 inches to 12 inches, inclusive, shall be standard pattern, outside screw and yoke, suitable / pounds working pressure, with gray iron bodies, bonnets, discs and yokes; bronze seats and disc rings;
shall

and

rolled steel stems.

Gate valves 2 inches and smaller
Suction and

be standard brass.
shall

Low

Pressure Water:

Gate valves

conform to the same specification as

for

"Exhaust"

except that in every case bronze stems shall be used.

Check valves
Blow-Off:

shall

be standard pattern swing checks with bronze seats and disc rings.

Blow-off connections shall be double valved.

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for those for "Saturated

Drains between 125 Pounds and 250 Pounds per Square Inch : Valves shall conform to the specification Steam between 150 and 250 pounds per square inch, inclusive."
Pressure Drains
:

Low

Valves shall conform to the specification for those for "Exhaust."
boiler
to the

Non-Return Valves: Non-return valves, either globe or angle type, shall be provided in each connection. They shall work quietly and shall automatically prevent the flow of steam from the lines boilers and shall be provided with means for closing by hand.
metal pistons and dash pots

For Superheated Steam they shall bo extra heavy, cast steel, completely monel mounted, with monel if same are internal, and monel metal stems.

For Saturated Steam up to 250 pounds per square inch, they shall be semi-steel, completely bronze mounted, with bronze pistons and dash pots and bronze stems.

Non-return valves shall be installed preferably with stems

in a vertical position.

FITTINGS
Superheated Steam:
Fittings 2 inches
steel.

and larger

shall

be extra heavy, cast

steel.

Fittings 13^ inches

and smaller
Fittings 2 l

shall

be forged or cast

Saturated Steam, Boiler Feed and Drains between 125 Pounds and 250 Pounds per Square Inch, Inclusive inches and larger shall be extra heavy, semi-steel. Elbows for boilerfeed shall be long radius where

A

possible.

Fittings 2 inches

and smaller

shall

be extra heavy, gray

iron.

Exhaust, Suction, Low Pressure Water and Low Pressure Drains: Fittings 14 inches and larger shall be low pressure, gray iron, suitable for 25 pounds working steam pressure. Fittings 12 inches and smaller shall

be standard cast

iron.

Flanged elbows for water shall be long radius where possible.
Blow-Off :
Fittings shall be extra

heavy semi-steel.

Long radius

fittings shall

be used where possible.

PIPE,

FLANGES AND UNIONS
The
lap shall

Van Stone

flanges shall

fit

tho pipe closely.

be finished

off to

the inside edge of the bolt

holes and faced with a fine tool finish.

Screw flanges
shall

shall

be made up by machine where possible and

all

extra heavy flanges

made up

in

the shop

be refaced.
Steel flanges shall correspond in thickness to the flanges of the American Standard for fittings.

Superheated Steam:

and smaller

shall

Flanges 6 inches and larger shall be high hub steel, Van Stoned. be steel, screwed.

Flanges 5 inches

Saturated Steam between 150 Pounds and 250 Pounds, Inclusive:

Flanges 6 inches and larger shall

be low hub steel,

Van Stoned.
Flanges 14 inches

Flanges 5 inches and smaller shall be extra heavy semi-steel, screwed.
Saturated Steam between 125 Pounds and

and larger

shall

149 Pounds per Square Inch, Inclusive: be extra heavy high hub serni-steel, Van Stoned.

Flanges 12 inches and smaller shall be extra heavy semi-steel, screwed.
Boiler Feed and Drain Piping between 125 Pounds and 250
shall

Pounds per Square Inch, Inclusive

:

Flanges

be extra heavy semi-steel, screwed.

Exhaust, Suction, Low Pressure Water and standard cast iron pattern, Van Stoned.

Low

Pressure

Drams

:

Flanges 14 inches and larger shall be

Flanges 12 inches and smaller shall be stand cast iron, screwed.
Blow-Off:

Flanges shall be extra heavy semi-steel, screwed.

Unions:

On

all

screwed work a

sufficient

number

of unions shall be used to facilitate repairs.

One

union shall be used near each screwed valve. Unions inches they shall be gasketless, with non-corrosive seats

\V 2

inches and larger shall be flanged and below

1H

WROUGHT
Wrought
pipe shall ba steel.

PIPE

Standard pipe shall be butt-welded for sizes 3 inches and smaller and lapwelded for sizes zy inches and larger. Extra strong pipe shall be butt-welded for sizes 2 inches and smaller 2 and lap-welded for sizes 2^ inches and larger. full weight 7 inches Steam between 150 Pounds and 250 Pounds per Square Inch, Inclusive: Pipe shall be than 7 inch shall be of the following thicknesses or weights per foot: 8 inch, 28.55

and smaller.

Sizes larger

inch, inclusive, pounds; 9 inch, 33.90 pounds; 10 inch, 40.48 pounds; 12 inch, 49.56 pounds; 14 to 20 ncn 22 to 24 inch, inclusive,

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. . .

Pipe shall be

Steam between 125 Pounds and 149 Pounds per Square Inch, Inclusive; Suction and Low Pressure Water: full weight 7 inches and smaller. Sizes larger than 7 inch shall be of the following thicknesses or

weights per foot: 8 inch, 24.69 pounds; 9 inch, 33.90 pounds; 10 inch, 34.24 pounds; 12 inch, 43.77 pounds; % 14 to 20 inch, inclusive, inch; 22 inch to 24 fnch, inclusive, /% inch.

A

Pipe for pressures between 150 and 250 pounds per square inch, inclusive, shall be extra strong and between 125 pounds and 149 pounds per square inch, inclusive, shall conform to the specification for
:

Boiler Feed
for the

"Steam"
the
It

same

pressures.

Exhaust Piping:

Pipe 7 inches and smaller shall be

full

same as for "Steam" between 125 pounds and 149 pounds, inclusive; between ahall be M inch; and between 20 inches and 24 inches, Inclusive, it shall be
Blow-Off:
Pipe shall be extra strong.

weight; 8 inch to 12 inch, inclusive, shall be 14 inches and 18 inches, inclusive,
of the lightest card weight.

Drains:

Pipe shall conform to the specification for Steam Piping for the

same pressure and

service.

Welding:

Where
The

to the use of fittings.

advisable economically, branches shall be welded to main piping, in preference, All welds so made shall receive a hammer test under hydrostatic pressure three times the
it

is

working pressure.
pipe wall.

fillets shall

be built up to a radius equal to not less than three times the thickness of the

Bends
round
possible.

:

in section

Bends shall be used for changes of alignment in preference to fittings. They shall be substantially and free from injurious buckles. Radii equal to 6 diameters of the pipe shall be used where

CAST IRON PIPE
Where used for exhuast, suction, and low pressure water, cast iron A" pipe as specified by the American Water Works Association.
pipe shall correspond in thickness to

"Class

BOLTS
All flange bolts
1

M inches in diameter and smaller shall have square heads and U. S. Standard, hexagonal,
and trimmed
nuts.

cold bunched, chamfered

For bolts larger than

1

y inches, studs with two nuts may be used. 2

When

pulled up, the bolt thread shall extend completely through the nut.

GASKETS
Gaskets
gaskets.
shall
fit

inside of bolt holes for

all

lines not

under vacuum.

Vacuum

lines shall

have

full'

faced

Sheet gaskets up to and including 12 inch size
shall

shall

be

A

inch thick; and for 14 inches and larger they

be

A

inch thick.
:

Superheated Steam
coated with

Gaskets

shall

be -h inch Tauril, Durabla, Vanda, Hodgart, or Corrugated Steel

Smooth-On Cement.
Gaskets
shall

Saturated Steam; Boiler Feed, Blow-Off and Drains:

be

Rainbow or equivalent, or

corrugated copper.

Exhaust:

Gaskets

shall

be Rainbow or equivalent

Suction and

Low

Pressure Water:

Gaskets shall be cloth inserted rubber.

SUPPORTS
A sufficient number of supports, preferably hangers, shall be provided and so placed that their working stresses shall have a factor of safety of not less than six, assuming that each hanger is bearing its proportion of
the load with the line
Sufficient
full

of water.

anchorage shall be provided where necessary.

I

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EXPLANATOR
(1)

i

NO ES
i

Standard and Extra Heavy Reducing Elbows carry same dimensions center

to face as regular

Elbows

of largest straight size.
(2)

Standard and Extra Heavy Tees, Crosses and Laterals, reducing on run only, carry same dimensions

face to face as largest straight size.
If Flanged Fittings for lower working pressure than 125 pounds are made, they shall conform in all (3) dimensions, except thickness of shell, to this standard and shall have the guaranteed working pressure cast

on each

fitting.

Flanges for these
(4)

fittings

must be standard dimensions.
it

Where

long radius fittings are specified,

center to face dimensions and to be

known as Elbows and Long Radius Elbows, the

has reference only to Elbows which are made in two latter being used only when

so specified.
All standard weight fittings must be guaranteed for 125 pounds working pressure and extra heavy 250 pounds working pressure, and each fitting must have some mark cast on it indicating the maker and guaranteed working steam pressure.

(5)

fittings for

(6)

All extra

heavy

fittings

and flanges

to

have a raised surface of fa inch high inside of bolt holes for

gaskets.

Standard weight

fittings

and flanges to be plain faced.

Bolt holes to be y§ inch larger in diameter than bolts.

Bolt holes to straddle center line.
(7) (8)

Size of

all fittings

scheduled indicates inside diameter of ports.
all

The

face to face dimensions of Reducers, either straight or eccentric, for

pressures, shall be the

same

face to face as given in table of dimensions.
(9)

Square head bolts with hexagonal nuts are recommended.
1

For bolts,

% inches diameter and

larger, studs with a nut

on each end are

satisfactory.

Hexagonal nuts for pipe sizes 1 inch to 46 inches, on 125 pound standard, and 1 inch to 16 inches on 250 pound standard, can be conveniently pulled up with open wrenches of minimum design of heads. Hexagonal nuts for pipe sizes 48 inches to 100 inches on 125 pound, and 18 inches to 48 inches on 250 pound standards, can be conveniently pulled up with box wrenches.
(10) Twin Elbows, whether straight or reducing, carry same dimensions center to face and face to face as regular straight size elbows and tees. Side Outlet Elbows and Side Outlet Tees, whether straight or reducing sizes, carry same dimensions center to face and face to face as regular tees having same reductions. (11)
Bull

Head Tees.orTees

increasing on outlet, will have

same center

to face

and face

to face

dimensions

as a straight
(12)

fitting of

the size of the outlet.
outlet,

Tees and Crosses 16 inches and down, reducing on the

use the same dimensions as straight

sizes of the larger port.

as given

Size 18 inches and up, reducing on the outlet, are made in two lengths, depending on the size of the outlet Laterals 16 inches and down reducing on the branch, use the same dimenin the table of dimensions.

sions as straight sizes of the larger port.
of Sizes 18 inches and up, reducing on the branch, are made in two lengths, depending on the size (13) the branch as given in the table of dimensions. The dimensions of reducing flanged fittings are always regulated long body pattern will always be by the reductions of the outlet or branch. Fittings reducing on the run only, the

used.
Y's are special and are

made

to suit conditions.

Double sweep tees are not made reducing on the
(14)

run,

STEEL FLANGES, FITTINGS AND VALVES ARE RECOMMENDED FOR SUPERHEATED

STEAM.

1£lUQ31 8B 60
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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
DRILLING

TEMPLATE

FOR

STANDARD AND LOW PRESSURE

Siz<=1

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Thickness
of

47 48 50 5}
81 qii

53 54- 5 4. 94 96Z
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44 44 4| 4l 34 3i 3^ 3i ' ib 3§ Jib 34
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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT OO.
STANDARD AND LOW PRESSURE FLANGED FITTINGS
SHORT BODY PATTERN
LA.J

A
A
L r-

ti

J
REDUCING TEES

AND CROSSES
18

Size.
Size, of Outlet
o.v»cL

I"

to IW iwclosiuefittings l"to IU

Zo 22
1414-

z4-

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Z8 30 32
18

34

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fill

reducing

iS
14
18

lb
15

20 20 zz
18
18

A- C to F B'CtoF
Size-

of

TPotv

inclusive,

have

same

center to face

lb

lb

of Outlet

dimensions as straight size fittings.
3fa

17

Z3
tfa
fa

2S
8

38 40 42
2fa

4-4-

4 fa 48 So sz
50 32 32
27
2-?

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3fa

58
38
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70

Size, of Outlet

owl

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m aXler"

24 Z4
2o

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42 44

44- 4fa

A=C toF B-C to F
Stze.

of
of

Ro»
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21
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37

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47

78

88
s
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18
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and Smaller

48
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of ~Ruvo of Outlet

^ ^
Smaller
All

40 42 43 43 44 47 4? 48 ^"° •** S3J-S4- S-fa 5 ? -*8 6/
1

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fa4 faS

67

REDUCING
Size.
Size, of
I"

LATERALS
18
lb*

to

Ifa"

lnclostue.

zfa iz

28
14
37

Branch
of

and.

D= C to F E=C top
F
-

reducinq fittinqs f to
have

r?»>

inclusive,

same

27 ZBz 312

35

31

center to face

of T?u>

dimensions as straight size fittings.

C

to F

of Bray\cVv»

21z

34i 38 40 42

*L0NG BODY PATTERNS-

arc used urhen outlets are larqer than, qiven. in tY\e above table, therefor
fittinqs.

have same dimensions as straiqht size

The dimensions of "Reducinq Flanged Fittings* are aturags regulated tou the reduction, of tVie outlet. Fittings Reducing on trie Ron. onlu,, the long bodg pattern will alwaus "be used except Double Sweep Tees, on which, the. reduced end is alu/aus lonqer than the regular fitting-Dimcnsions on tegutst Boll Heads or Tees haumq outlets larqer than the run, unll be the same length, center to fact \l x |8 inch, of all openings as a tee with, all ©peninqs of the size of the outlet, for example: a. IE tee unll be governed bu the dimensions of the I8'mch lonq bodu,tee; namely lb* inches center to
t.

face of all

open'mqs and 33 inches ^att to •face. Reducing Elbows, carry, same center to face dimensions as

regular elbows of largest

Straiqht size.

.

'

3-siZ
.

s>si£

: 5 =a
1

'

'(08.

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srfT

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...
....
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Sin }c
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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
EXTRA HEAVY FLANGED FITTINGS
STRAIGHT SIZES
hA-J
,

A
B

MM
n

A

M

Ih

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a

M//////////A V

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REGULAR
.THICKNESS
Note.- All ex-tra heauij flanqes

>-*

,
a. it inch,

have

'Raised Fate inside of bolt
of

to-oles.

This Raised. Face

is

included,

in,

^ote to face, cewter to face avid thickness

flange diwiensioviv

£>iz.e- (.Wc

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25 z

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65"

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38

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28

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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
EXTRA HEAVY FUNGED FITTINGS
SHORT BODY PATTERN

mmmm^m
|JB
I.E

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REDUCING. TEES AND CROSSES
l"

to
fiftinqs

lb'

\n clos>iue_
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20 22
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l£-|

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2b

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of

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I

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inclusive,

have same
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RU

>

center

fact dimensions as straiqht

sue

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of Outlet

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REDUCING LATERALS
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to

lb

mclosioe.
to Ik" inclusiue, Viaue.

18

Zo
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BrancVt

and

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some.

31

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zri

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*L0Na BODY PATTERNS - are used, u/hen outlets are. larger than q\i/tn ire the above table., therefor same dimCAsiorxs as straight site fittings. The dimensions of Reducing Flanged Fittinqs'are alu/ags regulated, bg the reduction, of the outlet Fittings Reducing on the 'Ron. onlij, the long bodg pattern, arill alurags be Vied, except Double Su/eep Tees, on xu-hich the reduced, end. is aluj-aujs longer thou, the regular fitting. Dimensions on request Bull Heads or Tees having outlets larger than the run,, uvill be the same length, tenter to face, a \Z x. 12 X 18 inch of all openings as a tee u/ith. all openings of the siit of the outlet, for trample. tet u/ill be aouemed bg the dimensions of the 18 incVl long boduj tec; ytawe"U) 18 inches tenter to fact of all openings and. 3b inches face to fact. Reducing Elbou/s, carri) same center to face dimensions as regular elbou/s of larger
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straight sue.

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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
STANDARD BASES FOR TEES, STANDARD AND LON& RADIUS ELLS
50, IZ5 AND 250 POUND FITTIN&S

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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO
CAST
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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
CAST IRON BELL, SPIGOT AND FLANGED FITTINGS.

Note:- For dimensions of bell and spiolot see table no. 17 In laving out water lines, it is advisable to make all tees and crosses with bell ends, elbows with sell ant) spigiot ends.

STRAIGHT
SI2E

SIZE
E-

FITTINGS
a
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is V£

D
7i
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A
10
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REDUCIN G
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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
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PITTSBURGH P\PMG> & EQUIPMENT CO.
WELDED STEEL FLAN6ES AND PIPE NECKS

SIZE T)
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250 LBS 350 L&S "K "h.
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WROUGHT
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WORKING PRESSURE

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5

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Drif> Poc.ke.ts

Dimensions

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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
LOW PRESSURE SATE VALVES 25 LBS. WOKKINGi PRESSURE r

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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO. STANDARD GATE VALVES - ^^tSES^gg?*
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125 LBS.

SIZES-Jjefc LAR&ER- IOO LS6.

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THAT VALVES 8"AND LARGER BE PROVIDED WITH

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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
EXTRA HEAVY GATE VALVES
Semi

Steel

Cast Steel

—250 Pounds Working Steam Pressure. —See descriptions below.

Cast Steel Gate Valves may be made of any of the following combinations:

c 6 ^r "
.

350 pounds steam working pressure— 800° F. total temperature. Cast Steel Body, Bonnet, Yoke f {and Disc— Sizes 2)4 inch and larger, discs are faced with Monel Metal, 2 inch and smaller, solid Monel [Metal Discs. Monel Metal Seats, Monel Metal Stem.
I

c

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a °

Disc

—Sizes 234 inch and

350 pounds steam working pressure— 800°
Seats.

F. total temperature. Cast Steel Body, Bonnet, Yoke and larger, discs are faced with Monel Metal, 2 inch and smaller, solid Monel Metal

Discs— Monel Metal

Rolled Steel Stem.

250 pounds steam working pressure 550° F. total temperature. Cast Steel Body and Disc Sizes Class 2J4 inch and larger, discs are faced with Monel Metal, 2 inch and smaller, solid Monel Metal Discs, C [Semi-Steel Bonnet and Yoke. Monel Metal Seats. Rolled Steel Stem.
Class f

£ u

•{Yoke and Disc [Metal Discs.

500 pounds Cold Water working pressure and 400 pounds Boiler Feed Lines. Cast Steel Body, Bonnet, Sizes 2 l 2 inch and larger, discs are faced with Hard Metal, 2 inch and smaller, solid Hard Hard Metal Seats. Monel Metal Stem.

/

NOTE:—Classes

A,

B and

D

valves only are furnished with condensing chamber and pet cock.

For cut of Extra Heavy Valves

see Table No. 32
Sizes of

Size

D
5 6

B
Semi-Steel

F L
Cast Steel

h

By-Pass

1$ \y 2
2 2)4
3 4

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We

rec ommend th at valves

8 nches and arger be pr avided with by-pass.

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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO. TRANSFER VALVES
TOR

STEAM WORKING PRESSURES UP TO 12SLBS

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WEIGHTS OF CYLINDRICAL CASTINGS
IN

POUNDS PER INCH

NOTE: —To compute

the weight of hollow cylindrical iron castings subtract the weight

for inside diameter from the weight of outside diameter

and multiply by

the length in inches.

Add 10

per cent, for steel and 15 per cent, for brass.

Dia.

H"
.00

l A"

%"

Yi'

%"

K"
.1237 .6740
1.66

J4"

.0034 .2783

.0137 .3444
1.11

.0309 .4144
1.24
2.51

.0550

.0859

.1684 .7728
1.82

1

.22

.4956
1.37

.5996
1.51

2 3 4

.88

.9940
2.15
3.74

1.98
3.52
5.50

2.32
3.97 6.06

2.69

2.89

3.09

3.30
5.22
7.59

4.21

4.45
6.65

4.70

4.96
7.27

5

5.78

6.35

6.96

6
7 8 9 10

7.92

8.25
11.16 14.52
18.31

8.59

8.94
11.96 15.42 19.33

9.29

9.65

10.02
13.21

10.39 13.64

10.77 14.07
17.81

11.56 14.97
18.81

12.37
15.89

12.78
16.36

16.84

17.32

19.85

20.37 24.82

20.90
25.41

21.44
26.01

22.00

22.54

23.10

23.67

24.25

11

26.61

27.22
32.33 37.88 43.87
50.31

27.83 33.00
38.61

28.45
33.68 39.34 45.44 51.98

29.08 34.36

29.72 35.05 40.82 47.04 53.69

30.36
35.75

31.01

12

31.67 37.16
43.10

36.45
42.34 48.66 55.42

13 14 15

40.08
46.23 52.83

41.58
47.84 54.55

44.65
51.14

49.48

16 17
18

56.30

57.18
64.49

58.07 65.44

58.97 66.39

59.87

60.78
68.31

61.70
69.29
77.31

62.62 70.27
78.35 86.87 95.83

63.55 71.25
79.39 87.96

67.35 75.26 83.62 92.42

72.25 80.43 89.07

73.25 81.49
90.18

74.25 82.55
91.29

76.28 84.70 93.55

19

85.78 94.68

20

21

96.98

98.14
107.65

99.30
108.87

100.47

101.65

102.84

104.03

105.23
115.07

22 23 24 25

106.44 116.33 126.67 137.44

110.10
120.16

111.33
121.45

112.57
122.74

113.82
124.04
134.71

117.60 127.99 138.82

118.88 129.32
140.21

125.35
136.07
147.24

130.66 141.60

132.00
143.00

133.35
144.40

145.82

26 27 28 29 30

148.66 160.32 172.40
184.94

150.09

151.53

152.98

154.43
166.31

155.89

157.36

158.84 170.88 183.36
196.30

161.80 173.95
186.54

163.30
175.50 188.15

164.80
177.06

167.82 180.19

169.35 181.77
194.60

178.62 191.38

189.76

193.00

197.90

199.50

201.23

202.90

204.60

206.30

207.94

209.60

.

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0E.302

WEIGHTS OF CYLINDRICAL CASTINGS
IN

POUNDS PER INCH

NOTE:—To

compute the weight

of hollow cylindrical iron castings, subtract the weight

for inside diameter

from the weight of outside diameter and multiply by

the length

in inches.

Add 10

per cent, for steel and 15 per cent, for brass.

Dia.

Vs"

K"
214.76 228.70 243.10 258.00 273.30

w
216.48

V*"

5

A"

H"
221.68

%"

31

211.34

213.04 226.95 241.30
256.00
271 .30

217.21

219.94

223.43 237.70 252.40
267.50

32 33 34 35

225.20 239.50
254.20

230.50 245.00
259.90 275.20

232.30 246.80
261 .70

234.00 248.60
263.60 279.10

235.90 250.50 265.50 281.10

269.40

277.10

283.00

36
37
38

285.00
301 .00

287.00 303.10

289.00
305.10
321 .70

291 .00

293.00 309.30 326.00 343.10 360.70

295.00 311.30 328.10 345.30

297.00 313.40
330.20

299.00 315.50
332.30 349.70

307.20 323.80
341 .00

317.50
334.50
351 .90

319.60
336.60

39

338.80 356.30

347.50 365.20

40

354.00

358.50

362.90

367.40

41

369.70 387.90

371 .90

374.20 392.60

376.50
394.90 413.70 433.00

378.70 397.20

381.00

383.30
401 .90

385.60

42 43 44 45

390.20

399.60
418.50

404.30
423.30 442.90

406.60

409.00
428.20 447.80

411.40 430.60 450.30

416.10 435.50 455.30

420.90
440.40 460.30

425.70
445.30

437.90 457.80

452.80

462.80

46 47 48 49 50

465.30
485.80 506.70 528.00

467.90

470.40
491.00 512.00
533.40

472.90 493.60
514.60

475.50

478.00
498.80
521 .00

480.60
501.40 522.60
544.30

483.20 504.00
525.30 547.00
569.20

488.40 509.30
530.70 552.50

496.20
517.30 538.80

536.10
558.10

541.60

549.80

555.30

560.80

563.60

566.30

51

572.00 594.60

574.80 597.60 620.60 644.20 668.00

577.60 600.40
623.60
647.20
671 .00

580.40 603.30

583.30
606.10

586.10 609.00 632.40 656.20

588.90
61
1

591 .80

52 53 54 55

.80

614.90 638.30
662.20 686.00

617.70
641.20 665.00

626.50
650.20 674.00

629.40
653.20 677.00

635.30 659.20 683.00

680.00

56 57 58 59

690.00 714.00 740.00 766.00
791 .00

693.00 718.00
743.00 769.00 795.00

696.00
721 .00

699.00 724.00
749.00

702.00 727.00
753.00

705.00 730.00
756.00 782.00 808.00

708.00 733.00 759.00
785.00

71

1

.00

736.00 762.00

746.00

772.00
798.00

775.00 802.00

779.00 805.00

788.00

60

811.00

815.00

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WEIGHTS OF CYLINDRICAL CASTINGS
IN

POUNDS PER INCH
iron castings, subtract the

NOTE:—To compute
for

the weight of hollow cylindrical
in inches.

weight

inside diameter from the weight of outside diameter and

multiply by

the length

Add 10 per
Dia.

cent, for steel

and 15 per cent

for brass.

0"

%"

%"

%"

A"
l

%"

%"

%"

61

818.

822.
849.

825. 852.
880. 908.
936.

829. 856. 883.
911.

832. 859.

835. 862. 890.
918.

839.
866. 894.

842.
869.

62 63 64 65
66 67 68 69 70
71

845.
873.

876.
904. 933.
962.

887.
915.

897.
926. 954. 984.
1013.
1043.

901.
929. 958.

922.
951.
980.

940. 969. 998.
1028.

944. 972.
1002.
1032. 1062.

947.
976. 1006.

965.
995.

987.
1017.

991.
1021. 1051.

1009.

1024.

1036.
1066.

1039.
1070. 1101.

1047. 1077.
1109.

1054. 1085.
1116.

1058. 1089.
1120. 1152. 1184.

1074.

1081. 1112. 1144. 1176.
1208.

1093. 1124. 1156. 1188. 1221.

1097.
1128. 1160. 1192. 1225. 1258.

1105.
1136. 1168.
1200.

1132. 1164. 1196.
1229.

72 73 74 75
76 77 78 79

1140. 1172.
1204.

1148.
1180. 1212. 1245.
1278.

1217. 1249. 1283. 1317. 1351. 1385. 1421. 1456.
1492. 1529.

1233. 1266. 1300. 1333.

1237.
1270. 1304. 1338. 1373.

1241.
1274. 1308. 1342.

1254.
1287.

1262.
1295.

1291.
1325. 1359.
1394.

1312. 1347.

1321.
1355. 1390.

1329. 1364.
1399.

1368.
1403.

1377. 1412. 1447.

1381.

80
81

1407.
1443.

1416.
1452.

1425.
1461.

1429. 1465. 1501. 1538.
1575.

1434. 1470. 1506. 1543. 1579.

1438.
1474.

82 83 84

1479.
1515.

1483.
1520.

1488.
1524. 1561. 1598.

1497.
1533.

1510. 1547.
1584. 1622.

1551.
1539.

1556. 15S3. 1631.
1669.
1708.

1565.
1603.

1570.
1607. 1646. 1684. 1722. 1761.

85
86 87 88 89 90
91

1611.
1650. 1688.

1617.
1655. 1693.

1627.
1665. 1703.

1636.
1674.

1641. 1679. 1718. 1757.
1796. 1836. 1877.

1660.
1698.

1713.
1752.
1791. 1831. 1872. 1912.
1953.

1727.
1767. 1806.

1732.
1771.

1737.
1776.

1742. 1781. 1821.
1861. 1902.

1747.
1786. 1826. 1866. 1907.

1801.
1841. 1882.

1811.

1816.
1856.

1846.
1887. 1928.

1851
1892.

92 93 94

1897. 1938.

1917.
1959.

1922. 1964.

1933.
1974.

1943.
1985.

1948. 1990. 2032.

1969.

1980.

95
96 97 98 99 00

1995.

2000. 2043. 2085. 2128.

2006. 2048. 2090.

2011. 2053. 2096. 2139. 2183. 2227.
I

2016.
2059. 2101. 2145. 2188.

2021. 2064. 2107.
2150.

2027.

2037.
2080.

2069. 2112.

2075. 2117. 2161. 2204.

2123. 2166.
2210.

2134.
2177.

2155. 2199.

2172.
2216.

2194. 2238.

2221.

2232.

1

PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
WEIGHTS PER LINEAL INCH
OF

STANDARD AND EXTRA HEAVY FITTINGS
WEIGHT OF BODY PER INCH
SIZE

WEIGHT OF ONE FLANGE
SIZE

LIGHT
1

STANDARD
.55
.65

I

h eavY
.66
.77

LIGHT

STANDARD
1.88

EXTRA HEAVY
3.35
1

1K 1M
2

2.59 3.50
5.30 7.70

4.39
6.96

.74
.94

.87

1H Mi
2

1.10 1.52 1.76
2.01

8.20

2H
3

1.14 1.32 1.52 1.98

11.85
15.40 18.80

2V 2
3

9.10
12.41

3H
4

3H
4

2.54

14.62 14.44 16.72

23.90
26.52 28.70 37.10 46.80 54.60 65.32

4>2 5 6 7
8 9 10 12
14 15
3.74

2.20
2.42 3.24

2.82 3.44

4}^
5 6 7 8 9 10
12 14 15 16

4.45
5.59

19.30

4.20 4.74
5.86 7.08 9.15

25.45 30.62 37.79
42.68

6.30 7.60
9.01

29.25 35.50
39.10

4.19
4.61

77.20
110.97
150.80 173.60

5.49 6.38 6.82

11.43 14.22

63.35
77.20

57.90 68.90
76.62

11.45

12.22
14.95 17.82
20.91

16.13
18.15

85.42 94.52
101.41

16 18

9.14
10.24
12.51

84.70 87.63
111.30
I

184.28

22.52
27.38 31.36 35.55

221.63
2S3.25 312.90
391.71

18

20 22 24 26
28 30 32

127.56 144.23 174.70
202.91

20 22 24 28 28 30 32

15.01

24.22 27.76 31.53
35.54

125.20 150.40
175.10

16.33

|

19.16 20.60 23.78

43.15
48.04
54.95 62.34

i

423.66
490.44 531.40 584.50

231.30 257.73
332.00
j

196.70

39.80 44.20 48.90
I

219.70

25.30 26.90 32.50
34.40 36.00

284.70
j

34
36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60

70.30
78.60

358.20
388.10

301.90

639.80
717.40

34
36
38

53.80 59.00

332.00
|

85.10
94.20

448.00
490.60
I

383.50 413.00 459.80

775.00 839.50
929.00 986.80
1073.00
J

64.20

42.70
44.70 46.70
54.10

69.90
75.70 81.70

103.80

538.70 576.70 614.00 654.60

40 42

113.90 121.70
132.60

487.60 511.00 553.20
584.40

87.90
94.40

1298.00

44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60

56.30 58.60 63.80 66.00 71.00
77.69

698.70
774.30

101.40 107.30 115.00 122.00 135.00

641.00 702.00
760.00

845.00
920.00
1006.00

831.00 832.00

1021.00

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DIMENSIONS OF BOLTS AND NUTS
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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
EXTRA STRONG PIPE— BLACK AND GALVANIZED
ALL WEIGHTS AND DIMENSIONS ARE NOMINAL
DIAMETERS
SIZE
External
Internal

CIRCUMFERENCE
Thickness
External
Internal

TRANSVERSE AREAS
External Sq. Inch63
Internal Sq. Inches

Weiqht per Foot Plain Enda

Vs

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3.30
4.13
5.22

1.315 1.660 1.900

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2.16

1.27 1.75

2.996
3.631

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5.97
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12.57 15.90

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2.94
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11.00
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6.57
8.86

10.252 12.505 14.983
17.611

4.000 4.500
5.000 5.563 6.625 7.625

10.55 12.00

11.45 14.39 18.19

4H
5 6

4.290
4.813
5.761

.355 .375
.432 .500 .500

13.45
15.12
18.07
20.81

19.64
24.31

17.48
20.81

20.778
28.573

34.47
45.66 58.43

25.98

7 8
9 10
11

6.625 7.625 8.625 9.750
10.750

23.96

34.47 45.66
58.43

38.048 43.388

8.625 9.625
10.750
1 1

27.10 30.24 33.77
36.91

23.96

.500
.500 .500 .500 .500 .500

27.10
30.63

72.76
90.76

48.728
54.735

74.66 90.76

.750

33.77
36.91

108.40 127.70 153.94
1

60.075 65.415
72.091 77.431 82.771

12

12.750 14T000 15.000 16.000

11.750
13.000

40.06 43.98
47.12

108.40 132.73
153.94 176.72

13 14 15

40.84
43.98

14.000
15.000

76.72

.500
is

50.27

47.12

201.06

The permissible

variation in weight

5 per cent, above and 5 per cent, below.

DOUBLE EXTRA STRONG PIPE—BLACK AND GALVANIZED
ALL WEIGHTS AND DIMENSIONS ARE NOMINAL
DIAMETERS
SIZE
External
Internal

CIRCUMFERENCE
Thickness
External
Internal

TRANSVERSE AREAS
External
Sq. Inchos

Internal Sq. Inches

Weight per Foot Plain End3

A H
l

.840

.252 .434 .599 .896

.294

2.64 3.30

.77

.55 .87

.05
.14

1.714

1.050
1.315

.308

1.33 1.84

2.440

1

.358 .382
.400 .436 .552
.600 .636

4.13
5.22 5.97
7.46

1.36

.27 .62 .93

3.659
5.214

1M
\y% 2

1.660
1.900

2.78 3.42
4.68
5.51

2.16 2.84 4.43 6.49 9.62
12.57 15.90

1.100
1.503
1.771

6.408
9.029

2.375 2.875 3.500 4.000

1.74

2H
3

9.03

2.42

13.695
18.583

2.3C0
2.728 3.152 3.580 4.063

11.00 12.57
14.14
15.71

7.18 8.53 9.85

4.10
5.79

3H
4

22.850
27.541

4.500
5.000 5.563 6.625 7.625

.674
.710

7.72

4y 2
5

11.20 12.76 15.32

19.64
24.31

9.98

32.530

.750 .864 .875 .875
in

17.48
20.81

12.97 18.67
27.11

38.552
53.160

6
7 8

4.897
5.875 6.875

34.47

23.96 27.10
is

18.46

45.66
58.43

63.079 72.424

8.625

21.60

37.12

The permissible variation The following notes apply

weight

10 per cent, above and 10 per cent, below.

to both tables.

Furnished with plain ends and in random lengths unless otherwise ordered. All dimensions given in inches. All weights given in pounds.

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NOMINAL WEIGHT
IN

POUNDS PER FOOT OF
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STANDARD THICKNESSES OF
Size

STEEL PIPE

0. D.

k"

&"

Vs"

"re"

w
72.091 77.431

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w
97.748
105.091

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106.134

w
122.654 132.000 141.345

1

w
154.695 166.710
178.725

14 15

36.713 39.383 42.053 44.723

45.682 49.020
52.357 55.695

54.568
58.573 62.579 66.584

63.371

80.726 86.734 92.742 98.749

89.279 95.954
102.629
109.304

138.842 149.522

68.044

114.144 122.154
130.164

16 17

72.716
77.389

82.771 88.111

112.433 119.776

160.202
170.882

150.690

190.740

18

47.393

59.032 65.708

70.589 73.599 82.604 86.609

82.061
91 .407

93.451
104.131
109.471

104.757
116.772
122.780

115.979
I

127.118
1

138.174

160.035
178.725

181.562

202.756

20
21

129.330 136.005 142.680

141.804 149.146
156.489

154.194
162.204 170.215

202.923

226.786

69.045
72.383

96.079
100.752

1

22

114.811

128.787

24

94.619
102.629

110.097 119.442

125.491

140.802
152.818 164.833 176.848

156.030
169.380 182.730
196.081

171.174 185.859

186.235

26 28 30

136.172
146.852

202.255 218.275 234.296

128.787
138.132

200.545

157.532

215.230

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PITTSBURGH PBP8NC & EQUIPMENT CO.
DECIMAL OF AN INCH AND OF A FOOT
Fractions
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flj sfi

Fractions
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HI

Fractions

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°fi

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a o--

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Inch or Foot

Fractions of Inch or Foot

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J J".2552

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CO.

1

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GAUGE
PRESSURE,
Lbs. per Sq. Inch

ABSOLUTE
PRESSURE,
Lbs. per Sq. Inch

PRESSURE
P

IN

ATMOSPHERES

TEMPERATURE WEIGHT OF VOLUME OF IN DEGREES ONE CUBIC FOOT ONE POUND OF FAHRENHEIT OF STEAM STEAM
T
IN LBS.

P

Pi

IN CUBIC

FEET

14.7

1.00

212.0
239.4

.0376
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26.600
16.320 11.850

10

24.7 34.7

1.68

20
30

2.36
3.04

258.7 273.9

44.7

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9.347

40
50

54.7

3.72

286.5
297.5
307.1

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7.736

64.7 74.7

4.40 5.08 5.76

6.612
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84.7

315.8

142

75

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104.7

6.10

319.8 323.7 330.9

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90 100

6.44
7.12

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.2371

114.7

7.80

337.7

.2583

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150

139.7
164.7 189.7

9.50
11.20
12.90
14.61

352.7
365.7

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.3629

3.219 2.756
2.412 2.145

175

377.3 387.8

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200

214.7

225

239.7
264.7 289.7 314.7

16.30 18.00
19.71

397.1 406.1

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1.950
1.755

250
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414.2 421.8

1.609

21.41

1.483

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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
VAR10U5 TYPES OF PIPE BENDS

NO.

S

NO. IO

NO.

it

EXPANSION U BEND
Note:

EXPANSION U BEND

DOUBLE OFFSET

CIRCLE BEND

for dimension "r* see. tables No.fe8&bl.

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WORKING AND BURSTING PRESSURES OF WROUGHT STEEL
CONDENSED FROM NATIONAL TUBE
Based on Barlow's
D

PIPE

BOOK OF STANDARDS Formula P = 2f -4CO'S.
p
f

—Outside diameter
Bursting Pressure

in inche3.

•—Thick ness

of wall in inches.

— Pressure pounds per square nch. — Fiber stress pounds per squa 6
in in

inch.

WORKING PRESSURES
Factor

Bursting

WORKING PRESSURES
Factor Factor
of

SIZE OF
PIPE,

Factor
of

Factor
of

SIZE OF
PIPE,

Pressure
Factor
of

INCHES

Pound3
per

of

Safety 6

Safety 8

Safety 10

INCHES

Pounds
per
Sq. In.

of

Safety 6

Safety 8

Safety ;o

STANDARD PIPE

H V* H H H
1

13432 13037 10785
10381

8610
8091

Mi Mi
2

8434 7632 6484
7061 6171

2239 2173 1798 1730 1435 1349 1406 1272
I

1679 1630 1348 1298 1076
1011

1343 1304 1079 1038
861

V/2
5

6 7 8
8 9 10 10 10
11

1054 S54
811

1081

zy2
3

3^
4

5650 5267

I

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883
771

706 658

809 843 763 648 706 617 565 527

!

4940 4638 4226 3948 3212 3733 3553 2595 2856 3395
3191

823 773 704 658 535 622 592 433 476 566 532
431

618 580 528 493
401

494 464 423 395
321

12 12

2588
2941

490

467 444 324 357 424 399 324 368

373 355 260 286 340 319 259 294

EXTRA STRONG PIPE

H H y% M %
1

9
3

Mi Mi

2H

18765 17630 14933 14000 11733 10890 11506 10526 9179 9600
8571

3128 2938 2489 2333 1956 1815 1918 1754 1530 1600 1429

2346 2204 1867 1750 1467
1361

1877 1763 1493 1400 1173 1089
1151

3*
4

4M
5

7950 7489 7100
6741 6521

5
7
8

1438 1316 1147 1200
1071

1053 918 960 857

9 10
11

6557 5797 5195
4651

12

4255 3922

1325 1248 1183 1124 1087 1093 966 866 775 709 654

994 936 888 843 815 820 725 649
581

532 490

795 749 710 674 652 656 580 519 465 426 392

DOUBLE EXTRA STRONG PIPE

A
l 1

Mi Mi
2

2^
3

28000 23467 21779 18410 21053 18358 19200 17143
D.

4667
3911

3630 3C68 3509 3060 3200 2857

3500 2933 2722
2301

2800 2347 2178
1841

3H
4

4H
5

2632 2295 2400

2143

2105 1836 1920 1714

6
7 8

15900 14978 14200 13482 13042 11475 10145

2650 2496 2367 2247 2174 1913
1691

1988 1872 1775 1685 1630 1434 1268

1590 1498 1420 1348 1304 1148 1014

LARC .E O.
14 15 16 18 20

PIPE— Vs INCH THICK
447 417 390 347 312 283 260
335 313 293 260 234 213 195

LARGE
14 15 16 18

O. D.

PIPE—
595 556 520 462 417 378 347

INCH THICK
446 417 390 346 313 284 260
357 333 312 277 250 227 208

22 24

2680 2500 2340 2080 1870 1700 1560

268 250 234 208 187
170 156

20 22 24

3570 3333 3120 2770 2500 2270 2080

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PITTSBURGH PIPING & EQUIPMENT CO.
APPROXIMATE WEIGHTS OF GATE AND GLOBE VALVES

LOW PRESSURE
SIZE
Flanged Gate Valves

STANDARD
Flanged Gate Valves
Globe Valves
|

EXTRA HEAVY
Flanged Gate Valves

1.

B. B.

vl.

Globe Valves

Inside

Screw

O. S.

&

Y.

Inside

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O.

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&

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40
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40 55
65

25
30 45 55 70

35 40 60
70 95
100

50 85 125
160 195 105 130
170

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80
110

100 135

60 80
100
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4

85
110
125 150

205
255

170

205

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5 6 7

115

80
115

230

120
155

140 190

265
350

290 395 490 625 775

235
330

270
375

180

160

215 255 320 405
580

245
315

210 290

255
325

435
555

420
575

470 635

8
9
10
12

400 510
705

695 455
760

505

755
1190

950
1300
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900

985
1250

880
1250

14

550

855 885

980

1700

2100

15
16

650

730

1125 1390
1715

1275

1900

2300

2650

18

800
1000

900
1160
1800

1700

3300
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20 22
24

2050

1400
1650

2085
;

2100

2760

3200

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26 28
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2800

3000 4500

5200

5400

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