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# Faculty of Engineering

## ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EEE 223 Circuit Theory I

Instructor:

M. K. Uygurolu

Final EXAMINATION

January 10, 2005

Duration : 90 minutes

Number of Problems: 6

Good Luck

STUDENTS

NUMBER

NAME

SURNAME

Problem Points
1
20
2
20
3
20
4
20
5
20
TOTAL
100
EEE 223 Circuit Theory I Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu January 10, 2005
1. Find i
1
and v.

KCL at v:
1 1
1 1 1
10 2
10 8 8
v v i
| |
+ =
|
\ .

where
1
1
3
v
i = .
Multiply both sides by 240 yields:

1
54 130 2400 v v + = (1.1)
KCL at v
1
:

1
1 1 1 1
0
8 8 6 3
v v
| |
+ + + =
|
\ .

Multiply both sides by 24:

1 1
3 15 0 5 v v v v + = = (1.2)
Subst. Eqn.(1.2) into (1.1) yields:

1
1
1
1
1
400 2400
6 V
5 30 V
2 A
3
v
v
v v
v
i
=
=
= =
= =
(1.3)

10
8
6 3
i
1
+
v
-
2i
1
10 A
v
v
1
EEE 223 Circuit Theory I Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu January 10, 2005
2. Find the maximum power that can be delivered to resistor R and the value of R for
maximum power in the circuit shown below.

When
th
R R = , it absorbs maximum power.
And
( )
2
max
4
th
th
V
P
R
=
In order to find V
th,
open circuit voltage is found.

KCL at the inverting terminal:
1 1 1
0
10 10 10
2 ..................(1)
oc o
o oc
v v
v v
| |
+ =
|
\ .
=

KCL at the non-inverting
terminal:
1
1
0
8
oc
oc
v v
v v

= = (2)
KCL at v
1
:
1
1
1 1 1 1 1 1
6 0
8 16 32 8 32 16
7 4 12.............(3)
oc o
oc o
v v v
or
v v v
| |
+ + =
|
\ .
=
Subst. Eqns. (1) and (2) into (3) yields:
12 V
oc
v =

In order to find R
th
, 1 A test source can be used.

V
th

R
th
R
6 V
16
8
10
10
32
R
6 V
16
8
10
10
32
6 V
v
1
v
oc
v
oc
v
o
EEE 223 Circuit Theory I Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu January 10, 2005

KCL at the inverting terminal:
1 1 1
0
10 10 10
2 ..................(4)
o
o
v v
v v
| |
+ =
|
\ .
=

KCL at the non-inverting terminal:
1
1
1 8........(5)
8
v v
v v

= =
KCL at v
1
:
1
1
1 1 1 1 1
0
8 16 32 8 32
7 4 0.............(6)
o
o
v v v
or
v v v
| |
+ + =
|
\ .
=

Subst. Eqns. (4) and (5) into (6) yields:
56 V
56
1
th
v
v
R
=
= =

Therefore when R = 56 it absorbs maximum power and the maximum power is:

( )
2
max
12 144 9
4 56 224 14
P W = = =

16
8
10
10
32
v
1
v
o
v
v
1 A
EEE 223 Circuit Theory I Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu January 10, 2005
3. For the circuit shown in (a), the source voltage is given in (b). Find the current i if
(0) 1
L
i = A for (a) 0 1 t < < s and (b) 1 2 t < < s.

0
1
(0)
2 0.5
t
g
R L g L
v
i i i v dt i = + = + +

where

2 2 0 1
( ) 2 2 1 2
2 6 2 3
g
t t
v t t t
t t
+ < <

= < <

+ < <

0 1: t < <
( )
2
0
2
2 2 1
2 2 1 1 2 2 1
2 0.5
2 3
t
R L
t
i i i t dt t t t
i t t A
+
( = + = + + = + + +

= +

1 2: t < <
( )
2
1
2
2
2 2 1
2 2 (1) 1 2 2 1 2 1
2 0.5
(1) 2(1) 3(1) 1
2 3 2
t
R L L
L
t
i i i t dt i t t t
where i
i t t A

( = + = + + = + + +

= + =
= +

2 0.5 H
i
i
L
v
g
2
1 2 3
v
g
(V)
t (s)
(a) (b)
i
R
EEE 223 Circuit Theory I Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu January 10, 2005

4. Find v for t > 0 if the circuit is under dc condition at t = 0-.

At t = 0-

Using voltage division principle:
24
(0) 20 12
24 16
v V = =
+

For t > 0:

It is known that
| | ( ) ( ) (0) ( )
t
v t v v v e

= +

1 1
6
36 6
8 24
8// 24 6
8 24
eq
eq
R C s
R
= = =

= = =
+

At t = the circuit is under dc
conditions.

24
( ) 8 6
32
v V = =
Therefore

| | ( )
6 6
( ) 6 12 6 6 1
t t
v t e e V

= + = +
t = 0
+
v
-
16
8
20V 8 V
24 1/36 F
+
v
-
16
8
20V 8 V
24
+
v
-
16
8
20V 8 V
24 1/36 F
+
v
-
16
8
20V 8 V
24
EEE 223 Circuit Theory I Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu January 10, 2005

5. Find i for t > 0 if the circuit is under dc conditions at t = 0
-
.

At t = 0-.
9
5
9
1 1// 4
5
T
T
T
i A
R
R
= =
= + =

Using current division principle:

For t > 0:
1
C
v
i =
KCL at node a:
0.5
c
L c
dv
i v
dt
= + ..(1)
At t=0
(0) (0) 0.5 (0) (0) 0
c c
L c
dv dv
i v
dt dt
= + =
KVL around the outer loop:
4 2 0
L
L C
di
i v
dt
+ + = (2)
Subst. Eqn(1) into (2) yields:
2
2
4 0.5 2 0.5 0
4 5 0
C C
C C C
C C
C
dv dv d
v v v
dt dt dt
d v dv
v
dt dt
| | | |
+ + + + =
| |
\ . \ .
+ + =

4
1
1
2 H
9 V
t = 0
0.5 F
i
i
L
+
v
C
_
4
1
1
9 V
i
i
L
+
v
C
_
i
T
4
(0) (0) 5 4
4 1
(0) 4(1) 4
L
C
i i A
v V
= = =
+
= =
4
1
2 H
0.5 F
i
i
L
+
v
C
_
a
EEE 223 Circuit Theory I Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu January 10, 2005
Characteristic equation
2
1,2
4 5 0
4 16 20
2 1 Complex conjugate natural frequencies
2
s s
s j
+ + =

= =

Therefore
( )
2
1 2
( ) cos sin
t
C
v t e A t A t

= +
In order to find A
1
and A
2
initial conditions will be used.

1
(0) 4
C
v A = =

( ) ( )
2 2
1 2 1 2
1 2
2
2 cos sin sin cos
(0) 2 0
8
t t C
C
dv
e A t A t e A t A t
dt
dv
A A
dt
A

= + + +
= + =
=

( )
2
( ) 4cos 8sin
t
C
v t e t t V

= +