Truss Design Considerations

Truss Design Considerations
Effect of tension vs. compression on member sizes Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Potential for stress reversal Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling) Member redundancy: Determinate vs. Indeterminate Trusses

Truss Design Considerations
Design Implications Considering the Effects of Loading, Member Orientation and Support

Truss Design Considerations
Effect of tension vs. compression on member sizes Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Potential for stress reversal Member redundancy: Determinate vs. Indeterminate Trusses Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling)
Truss Pedestrian Bridge

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fifth edition.28) Illustrations: Daniel L. Greece 2 . fifth edition. Schodek: Structures. Pearson Prentice-Hall. 4.Truss Design Considerations Munich Airport Pedestrian Bridge Illustrations: Daniel L. compression on member sizes Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Potential for stress reversal Member redundancy: Determinate vs.29) Truss Pedestrian Bridge. 2004 Truss Member Buckling Considerations (Schodek fig. 2004 Truss Design Considerations Effect of tension vs. Schodek: Structures. Pearson Prentice-Hall. Indeterminate Trusses Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling) Truss Member Buckling Considerations (Schodek fig. 4.

2004 Variations in Truss Member Forces (Schodek fig. 2004 Variations in Truss Member Forces (Schodek fig. Pearson Prentice-Hall. Pearson Prentice-Hall. compression on member sizes Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Potential for stress reversal Member redundancy: Determinate vs. fifth edition. Indeterminate Trusses Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling) Illustrations: Daniel L. 4.23) Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures. Schodek: Structures. 4. fifth edition.Truss Design Considerations Theoretical zero force members that provide buckling resistance to top chord Truss Design Considerations Effect of tension vs.23) 3 .

fifth edition. Pearson Prentice-Hall.Truss Design Considerations Illustrations: Daniel L. Renzo Piano Truss Design Considerations Effect of tension vs. Japan. 4. compression on member sizes Potential for stress reversal Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling) Member redundancy: Determinate vs. 4.31) Kansai International Airport. Indeterminate Trusses Truss Lateral Buckling (Schodek fig. Schodek: Structures. fifth edition. 2004 Truss Design Considerations Effect of tension vs. Indeterminate Trusses 4 .30) Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures. Pearson Prentice-Hall. 2004 Methods of Providing Resistance to Truss Lateral Buckling (Schodek fig. compression on member sizes Potential for stress reversal Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling) Member redundancy: Determinate vs.

but stable n > 2j -3 → indeterminate n < 2j -3 → unstable 5 . j = 6 2(6)-3=9 =9 O. 4. Pearson Prentice-Hall. 2004 Illustrations: Daniel L. fifth edition. j = 7 2(7)-3=11 =11 O. 2004 Truss Determinacy Formula n = 2j – 3 → for determinacy n = Number of truss bars j = Number of joints n = 9. 2004 Truss Stability & Determinacy (Schodek fig. Schodek: Structures. Schodek: Structures.K. j = 6 2(6)-3=9 < 10 → indeterminate. fifth edition.05) Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures.K. n = 11. 2004 Truss Stability & Determinacy Truss Stability & Determinacy (Schodek fig.18) (Schodek fig. 4. 4. 2004 Illustrations: Daniel L. fifth edition. n = 8.Truss Design Considerations Illustrations: Daniel L. j = 6 2(6)-3=9 >8 ∴Unstable! n = 10. Schodek: Structures. fifth edition.18) Illustrations: Daniel L. fifth edition. Pearson Prentice-Hall. Pearson Prentice-Hall. Pearson Prentice-Hall.18) Truss Stability & Determinacy (Schodek fig. Schodek: Structures. Pearson Prentice-Hall. 4.

edu/~boza/courses/cee122/lectures/lecture2/connect-brace. 10.jpg Illustration Source: http://www.Truss Design Considerations Truss Connection Considerations (Onouye fig.2) Truss Assembly Details Illustration Source: http://www.jpg Truss Connection Considerations Truss Connection Considerations Connection Eccentricity Produces Moment — Pedestrian Bridge in Greece Knife-Plate Connections — Cutler Anderson Architects 6 .berkeley.ce.ce.edu/~boza/courses/cee122/lectures/lecture2/connect-brace.berkeley.

IL — Frank O. WA — Cutler Anderson Architects Capitol Hill Library.Truss Design Considerations Grace Episcopal Church. Gehry 7 . Seattle. Millennium Park. Chicago. Bainbridge Island. WA — Cutler Anderson Architects Curvilinear façade supported by 3D linear truss framework: Band Shell.

Truss Design Considerations 8 .