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A. Describe how an engine operation is: 1. Prepared for starting 2. Started 3. Stopped B.

State the emergency situation that may occur while engine is in operation. C. Explain possible consequences of inadequate operation: 1. Emergency slow down 2. Emergency stopped 3. Critical speed 4. Over speed 5. Overload

4. The purpose of this procedure is to see that everything is clear for running and to force out any water which may have collected in the cylinders. the Engineer will close the indicator cocks. If any leak is noticed it should be immediately rectified. The final steps in preparations include opening the main stop valve in starting air lines. The length of time required depends upon the size of the engine. The engine is now ready for manoeuvring and when STAND-BY is rung on the telegraph from the bridge. To ensure a quick starting the cylinders and heads of marine engines are warmed through by circulating hot water. 6. 3. Then the fuel oil system will be primed as described in the builders’ operating instructions. If conditions external to the ship are safe and permission given by the bridge the engine should be tried – ahead or astern – on starting air. lubricating oil and cooling water are at working level and the tanks properly drained. As a preliminary step the Watch Engineer should check the fuel. 5. it should at this point be started. 7. After opening the indicator cocks the Engineer should turn the engine through at least one complete revolution by means of the turning gear. shutting off the air drains and starting the manoeuvring air compressor to charge the air reservoirs to the required pressures. 1.PREPARATIONS FOR STARTING THE ENGINE Preparations for getting under way begin in the engine room an hour or more before leaving. Prior to that it is necessary to disengage the turning gear. Now he can start the lubricating oil pump and circulating water pump inspecting all visible returns for adequate flow. . 2. On engines with bridge control the control selector must be switched to the desired position. He will examine the fuel and lube oil filters to see if they are clean and make sure that all adequate valves are open. If an auxiliary scavenge blower is part of the installation.

the manoeuvring handle (known as the starting lever) is set to START. or a lever.STARTING THE ENGINE 1. the starting air stop valve closed and all drains opened. is moved from stop to ahead or astern position. This will cause the air pilot valve to be lift . When the engine reaches its firing speed the manoeuvring handle is pushed over to FUEL. etc. 3. .admitting air – by the way of the automatic valve – to the air distributor and the cylinder starting valves in the correct sequence to turn the engine in the desired direction. Immediately the first order has been given by the bridge telegraph direction handle. The camshaft is thus positioned relative to the crankshaft to operate the various cams for fuel injection. 4. or a combination of levers according to the make of the engine. 2. 5. thereby shutting off compressed air and admitting fuel to the cylinders.admitting air – by the way of the automatic valve – to the air distributor and the cylinder starting valves in the correct sequence to turn the engine in the desired direction. Immediately the first order has been given by the bridge telegraph direction handle. is moved from stop to ahead or astern position. This will cause the air pilot valve to lift . The camshaft is thus positioned relative to the crankshaft to operate the various cams for fuel injection. the manoeuvring handle (known as the starting lever) is set to START. valve operation. 6. which may be built into the telegraph reply lever. The starting and manoeuvring of the engines is accomplished by the operation of either a handwheel. At the time the FULL – AWAY is received the auxiliary scavenge air blower should be stopped. 7. valve operation. which may be built into the telegraph reply lever. etc. When the engine is running on fuel the manoeuvring handle or a sepatate speed control lever or wheel is adjusted to bring the engine up to the desired running speed.

The starting handle should be held with all fingers and the thumb on one side of the handle. and the engine back fires.  Hand start. The starting handle is turned until the engine has sufficient cranking speed for it to fire. The turning gear is also used to turn the engine one or two revolutions prior to starting. Battery operated starter motor. the thumb could be broken. This is a safety check to ensure that the engine is free to turn and that no water has collected in the cylinders. a starting handle engages in the end of the crankshaft. A slowspeed drive is thus provided to enable positioning of the engine parts for overhaul purposes. The indicator cocks must always be open when the turning gear is operated. Battery operated starter motor The turning gear or turning engine is a reversible electric motor which drives a worm gear which can be connected with the toothed flywheel to turn a large diesel. If the thumb is placed on the opposite side to the fingers.There are four different methods for starting marine diesel engines. On the smaller engines. Hydraulic start & Air start Hand start Hand starting is usually fitted to smaller engines although some manufacturers do provide them on larger engines. .