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MCQ: Fill in the blanks: Acid base and salt d salt

MCQ
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
13.

Fill in the blanks: Acid base and salt d salt


The substances whose aqueous solution change the blue litmus to red -----------------Acids The substances having a tendency to lose one or more protons are called: ----------- Acids The substances which donate the pair of electrons for bond formation, are known as:------- Base When equivalent quantities of acid and base are mixed, salt and water are formed, the reaction is termed as:----------- Neutralization The acids which contain one acidic hydrogen are called:-------- Mono-protic The number of acidic hydrogen atoms present in a molecule of an acid is called: ---- Basicity The number of replaceable [OH] ions present in a molecule of base, is called: -- Acidity An acid that produces large number of (H) ions in aqueous solution is called: --------Strong acid An ionic compound, that is formed when an acid neutralizes a base, is called:----- Salt SaIts that formed by the reaction of strong acid with weak base are:----Acidic Alums are example of ---------salt: Double salts The formula of Washing Soda is NaCO 6HO
Acids are the substances which give H+ ions aqueous solution, is the concept of: Arrhenius

14. 15.

16

Arrehenius theory of acid-base is not applicable in: non aqueous solution According to the Arrhenius concept, the strength of acid or base is based on their: -------a. rates of ionization b. rates of dissociation According to Bronsted Lowry concept, a base is a substance which acts as: a proton acceptor(NH)

CBSE ADDA: Chemistry:MCQ:Acid base and salt: For Olympiads


Multiple-Choice Questions: Acid base and salt
1. The word acid comes from the Latin word acere which means a) Sweet b) Salty

c) Neutral d) Sour a) b) c) d)

a) b) c) d)

2. Substances which are bitter in taste, feel soapy on touching are known as Acids Bases Indicators Neutral solution 3. Special type of substances used to test whether a substance is acidic/basic are known as Indicators Acids Bases Salt 4. Some naturally occurring indicators are (a). Turmeric (b) Litmus . China rose (d). All the above 5.The most commonly used natural indicator Litmus is extracted from (a).Lichens (b). Turmeric . Indicators (d). China rose 6. Litmus is available in the form of (a). Litmus paper (b) Lichens Indicator (d). China rose 7. Neutral solutions which do not change the colour of either red/blue litmus are known as (a).Neutral solutions (b) Acid solutions . Basic solutions (d). Neither acidic nor basic 8. Acetic acid is found in (a).Curd (b). Spinach Citrus fruits (d). Vinegar 9. Formic acid is found in a). Curd (b). Spinach . Ants sting (d) Ascorbic acid 10. Citric acid is found in (a). Curd (b). Citrus fruits

. Ascorbic acid (d). Lime water 11. Lactic acid is found in (a). Curd (b).Citrus fruits .Gooseberry (d)Lime 12. Oxalic acid is found in
a) b) c) d) Spinach Curd Oranges Unripe mangoes

a) b) c) d)

13. Ascorbic acid is found in (a). Amla & Citrus fruits (b) Curd . Oranges & lemon (d).Unripe mangoes 14. Tartaric acid is found in (a). Tamarind (b) Grapes unripe mangoes (d)All of the above 15. Calcium hydroxide is found in Calcium carbonate Calcium chloride Calcium Lime water 16. Ammonium hydroxide is found (a).Window cleaner (b).Detergents (c) Soap (d). Milk of magnesia 17. Sodium hydroxide is found in Soap Window cleaner Calcium hydroxide Sodium 18. Potassium hydroxide is found in (a). Soap (b). Window cleaner Potassium (d)Potassium chlorate 19. Magnesium hydroxide is found in (a). Milk of magnesia (b).Magnesium chloride (c) Magnesium ribbon (d) Magnesium hydroxide

20.Which of the following salts is basic in nature?


(a) NH4NO3 (b) Na2CO3 (c) Na2SO4 (d) NaCl

Answer
1. D 9. C 17. A
,

2 b 10. b 18. A

3. A 11. A 19.a

4. D 12. A 20 B

5. A 13. A

6. A 14. D

7. A 15. d

8. d 16. A

CBSE Class 7 Solved Objective Questions Chapter Acids, Bases and Salts (MCQs)
CBSE Class 7 Solved Objective Questions Chapter - Acids, Bases and Salts MCQs 1. The word acid comes from the Latin word ------ which means sour.( acere)

2. The substances used to test whether a substance is acidic or basic are known as ---(indicators)

3. The most commonly used natural indicator is litmus paper . It is extracted from ----(lichens)

4. In acidic solution, litmus paper turns into ------(red)

5. In basic solution, litmus paper turns into ------(blue)

6. In distilled water , litmus paper turns into ------(purple)

7. China rose indicator turns acidic solutions ------and basic solutions to ------ [dark pink (magenta) , green]

8. The reaction between an acid and a base is known as ----- [neutralization]

9. Salt and water are produced in neutralization process with the evolution of heat.[ water]

10. H C l + N a O H ---->

------- + H2O

11. Our stomach contains -------. It helps us to digest food[hydrochloric acid]

12. indigestion is painful so to relieve indigestion, we take an antacid such as milk of magnesia , which contains ------- [magnesium hydroxide]

13. The sting of an ant contains ---------[ formic acid]

14. The effect of the sting can be neutralized by rubbing moist baking soda (sodium hydrogen carbonate) or calamine solution, which contains ------- [zinc carbonate]

15. When the soil is too acidic, it is treated with ---------------[ bases like quick lime (calcium oxide) or slaked lime (calcium hydroxide)]

16. Ammonia is found in many household products, such as window cleaners. It turns red litmus blue. its nature ---------------------- [Basic]

17. The wastes of many factories contain-------- [ acids]

18. Blue litmus paper is dipped in a solution. It remains blue. -------- is the nature of the solution. [basic]

19. Proteins that build part of our cells are made up of------ [amino acids]

20. The fats in our body contain ------ [fatty acids]

21. Each cell in our body contains an acid called ---------- [the deoxyribonucleic acid]

22. ----------- is common to all acids?[hydrogen ion]

23. ------ gas evolved when dilute sulphuric acid acts on sodium carbonate[CO2]

24. Acids do not show acidic behavior in absence of water because ------ dissociates from an acid only in in presence of water .[ hydrogen ions]

25. ---- base is also used in soda-acid fire extinguishers.[ Baking Soda]

26. -------- gas is usually liberated when an acid reacts with a metal [ H2]

27. The hydrogen ions combine with H2O to form ------------- [ hydronium ions (H3O+)]

28. Aqueous solution of acid conduct electricity due to -------- present in it. [ ion]

29. ------------ is the common name of the compound CaOCl2 [Bleaching powder]

30. -------------- is Universal Indicator [ pH Scale]

31. pH is the measure of Acidity or Alkalinity of a solution. The term pH stands for ---------[Potential of hydrogen]

32. If the pH rain water drops below ----------------. it is called acid rain[5.6]

33. The bases that dissolve in water are known as -----------[ alkalies]

34. Aqueous solution of sodium chloride (NaCl) is known as -------------[ Brine]

35. Salts containing water molecules in their crystal form are called --------- [hydrated salts]

36. water molecules present in salt s known as ------------ [water of crystallization]

37. Phenolphthalein become colourless in ---- and pink in ------[ Acid, base]

38. --------- is the colour of methyl orange in acidic solution.[ pink]

39. ------------ and ------- acid are present in vinegar and lemon.[ acetic acid, citric acid]
, January 27, 2012

Water 'A precious resources' CBSE Class VI Science

Q. Why are we left only tiny fraction of water for use even if about 75 % of the earth surface is covered with water. Ans: This is because most of the water about 97% of surface water is in sea and ocean as salty water that is unfit for domestic and agricultural use. Q. What are the various uses of water? Ans: Water is used for various activities such as agriculture, industries, cooking, cleaning utensils, bathing, washing clothes, and, most importantly, for drinking. Q. What are the three state of water?

Ans: There are three states of water a. Solid state: ice, snow and hail Q what is water cycle? Ans: The circulation of water from atmosphere to the earth and vice versa is called the water cycle. Q.What is evaporation? Ans: The water present on the surface of the ocean evaporates by the suns heat. This process of conversion of water from liquid state to vapour state is called evaporation. Q what is transpiration? Ans: The excess water in plants evaporates through stomata of leaves and the stem into the air. This process is called transpiration. Q. How cloud is formed? Ans: The evaporated water above the earth surface is carried away by warm air. As the warm air moves higher from the surface of the Earth, it starts to cool down. It is because the water vapour present starts to condense to form tiny water droplets. These droplets float in the air and form cloud Q. What is precipitation? b. liquid: Rain, river, sea c. Gaseous: Water vapour

Ans: When clouds rub together heat is produced that melt the cloud into droplets. These droplets collect to form bigger drops of water. Some of them may become too heavy fall down as rain. This process is known as precipitation. Q .What do you mean by infiltration? Ans: The water from rain, rivers, lakes and ponds seeps through the soil and fills the space below the ground. The process of seeping of water through the soil is called infiltration Q. What do you mean by aquifer? Ans: Some places groundwater is stored between layers of hard rock. This is called aquifer. Water from aquifers is pumped and taken out through hand pumps and tube wells. Q. How can we conserve water? Ans: Water conservation is process of preventing wastage of water, using water carefully and recharging ground water. Water conservation can be done by :i) Repairing leaking pipes and taps. ii) Not wasting water during brushing teeth, shaving, bathing, washing clothes and during other activities. iii) Rainwater harvesting. iv) By drip irrigation of plants. Q. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate answers: (a) People obtain ---------through tube wells and hand pumps.[groundwater] (b) Three forms of water are solid, liquid and ---------[vapour.] (c) The water bearing layer of the earth is ----------[ aquifer] (d) The process of water seepage into the ground is called ---------[ infiltration.] (e) The process of changing of water into its vapour is called---------[ evaporation.] (f) The process of changing water vapour into water is called ---------[condensation.] (g) No rainfall for a year or more may lead to ---------- in that region.[drought] (h) Excessive rains may cause ----------- [flood.]

CHEMISTRY
SCIENCE Paper 2 (One hour and a half) Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately. You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes. This time is to be spent in reading the Question Paper. The time given at the head of this paper is the time allowed for writing the answers. Section I is compulsory. Attempt any four questions from Section II. The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ]. SECTION I (40 Marks) Attempt all questions from this Section

Question 1 (a) Choose the most appropriate answer. (i) Which of the following is a common characteristic of a covalent compound? A High melting point. B Conducts electricity when it is in the molten state. C Consists of molecules. D Always soluble in water. (ii) Ammonium hydroxide will produce a reddish brown precipitate when added to a solution of : A CuSO4 B Zn(NO3)2 C FeSO4 D FeCl3 (iii) A salt which in solution gives a bluish white precipitate with NaOH solution and a white precipitate with BaCl2 solution is: A CuSO4 B FeSO4 C Fe2 (SO4)3 D CuCl2 72 ICSE Specimen Question Paper (iv) The gas law which relates the volume of a gas to moles of the gas is: A Avogadros Law B Gay-Lussacs Law C Boyles Law D Charles Law (v) During the electrolysis of acidified water which of the following takes place: A Oxygen is released at cathode. B Oxygen is released at anode. C Hydrogen is released at anode. D Sulphur dioxide is released at anode. (vi) Duralumin is an alloy of A Al and Cu B Cu and Sn C Al and Ag D Al and Fe (vii) Hydrogen chloride can be obtained by adding concentrated Sulphuric acid to: A NaCl B Na2SO4 C Na2CO3 D NaNO3. (viii) Which of the following reactions gives copper as a product A Passing dry ammonia over heated copper oxide. B Adding dilute hydrochloric acid to copper oxide. C Heating copper oxide. D Passing oxygen over heated copper oxide? (ix) Formation of chloroform from methane and chlorine is an example of: A Addition B Dehydration C Substitution D Elimination.

73 ICSE Specimen Question Paper (x) The element with the highest ionization potential in the periodic table is: A He B Ne C Ar D Xe [10] (b) The equation for the action of heat on calcium nitrate is: 2Ca(NO3)2 2CaO + 4 NO2 + O2 (i) How many moles of NO2 are produced when 1 mole of Ca(NO3)2 decomposes? (ii) What volume of O2 at S.T.P. will be produced on heating 65.6 g of Ca (NO3)2? (iii) Find out the mass of CaO formed when 65.6 g of Ca(NO3)2 is heated. (iv) Find out the mass of Ca(NO3)2, required to produce 5 moles of gaseous products. (v) Find out the mass of Ca(NO3)2 required to produce 44. 8 L of NO2 at S.T.P. (Relative molecular mass of Ca(NO3)2 = 164 and of CaO = 56) [5] (c) Name the organic compound prepared by each of the following reactions: (i) CH3 COONa + NaOH CaO (ii) CaC2 + H2O (iii) C2H5Br + KOH (alc) (iv) C2H5Br + KOH (aq) (v) C2H5OH + CH3COOH Con.H2SO4 [5] (d) Identify the following substances: (i) An acidic gas which gives dense white fumes with NH3. (ii) An alkane which can also be called a green house gas. (iii) A solid which when kept in the open, forms a solution after sometime. (iv) An alloy used in electrical fittings. (v) A metal which gives hydrogen gas on reacting with both dilute acid and alkali. [5] (e) Write equations for the following reactions: (i) Aluminium oxide and Sodium hydroxide. (ii) Zinc and dilute sulphuric acid. 74 ICSE Specimen Question Paper C2H5 O C2H5 (iii) Nitrogen dioxide and water. (iv) Concentrated sulphuric acid and sugar. (v) Copper with concentrated nitric acid. [5] (f) Name the following: (i) Second member of alkene series (ii) First member of alkane series (iii) Third member of aldehyde series. (iv) Second member of carboxylic acid. (v) Fourth member of alcohol series. [5] (g) Write the I.U.P.A.C. names of the following compounds: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) [5] SECTION II (40 Marks) Attempt any four questions from this Section. Question 2. (a) The following questions refer to the periodic table:

(i) Name the second last element of the period 3. O

HCH
O

H3C C CH3 H C H HCC H H OH C H H H H H3C C CH3 CH3 CH3


75 ICSE Specimen Question Paper (ii) How many elements are in the second period? (iii) Name the element which has the highest electron affinity. (iv) Name the element which has the highest electro negativity. (v) Name the element which may be placed on group 1 but is not a metal. [5] (b) Fill in the blanks using the correct options: (i) Metals have ------ ionisation potential. (low/ high) (ii) Group 18 elements have ------ valence electrons (4 / 8) with the exception of ---- ( He / Ne) with -------- electrons (2 / 8) in valence shell. (iii) Group 2 elements are called ----- metals (alkali / alkaline earth). [5] Question 3. (a) Draw different isomers having the following molecular formula: (i) C5H12 (chain) (ii) C4H8 (position). [5] (b) What is denatured alcohol? [1] (c) Give two important uses of ethanol. [2] (d) Write equations for: (i) Preparation of ethanol by hydration of C2H4. (ii) Preparation of acetic acid from ethanol. [2] Question. 4 (a) Name the method by which following compounds can be prepared: Select the appropriate method from the following list Neutralization; direct combination; precipitation; metal + acid use a method only once. (i) Sodium sulphate (ii) Silver chloride (iii) Iron sulphide. [3]

(b) How will you distinguish between following pairs of compounds using NH4OH. (i) Copper sulphate and iron(II) sulphate. 76 ICSE Specimen Question Paper (ii) Zinc nitrate and lead nitrate. (iii) Iron(II) sulphate and iron(III) sulphate. [3] (c) Name: (i) A greenish yellow gas with pungent smell. (ii) An oxide which is yellow when hot and white when cold. (iii) A chemical used to deplete ozone layer. (iv) A crystalline salt without water of crystallization. [4] Question. 5 (a) Name one: (i) metal liquid at room temperature. (ii) non-metal which is a conductor of electricity. (iii) neutral oxide. (iv) metallic oxide which cannot be reduced by hydrogen. (v) non-metal which has lustre. [5] (b) (i) Name the chief ore of aluminium. (ii) Name the process used to concentrate the above mentioned ore. (iii) Why is alumina added to cryolite in the electrolytic reduction of aluminium? (iv) Give cathode and anode reactions involved in extraction of aluminium from its above mentioned ore. (v) Name the process used for the concentration of zinc blende. [5] Question 6. (a) Draw a neat and well labelled diagram for the silver plating on an iron spoon. [3] (b) Copy and complete the following table related to electrolysis.
S.No. Name of Electrolyte Name of Cathode Name of Anode Product at Cathode Product at Anode

1. CuSO4 (aq.) Copper Copper 2. PbBr2 (molten) Platinum Platinum [4] 77 ICSE Specimen Question Paper (c) Classify the following as oxidation and reduction reaction, also complete the reaction. (i) Cu Cu2+ (ii) Fe3+ Fe2+ (iii) Cl- Cl [3] Question. 7 (a) A compound has the following percentage composition by mass: Carbon 54.55%, Hydrogen 9.09% and Oxygen 36.26%. Its vapour density is 44. Find the Empirical and Molecular formula of the compound.

(H = 1; C = 12; O = 16) [5] (b) Give the electron dot structure of the following: (i) NH3 (ii) CH4 (iii) H3O+ [3] (c) Compare the properties of covalent and electrovalent compounds on the following points: (i) Solubility (ii) Structure. [2