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Founded by The Asia Foundation to promote philanthropy to Asia
THE G2A TSUNAMI RECOVERY FUND
FINAL REPORT JANUARY 2005 THROUGH OCTOBER 2006
Tsunami recovery for India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand has gone far beyond immediate disaster relief. As we look at what has been done over the past 20 months, we can see that short- and long-term projects have helped bring education to children, homes to orphans, and new jobs for thousands whose livelihood was swept away by the natural disaster on December 26, 2004. Our donors have made possible over $4 million in relief for devastated communities by supporting local charitable organizations that work to create new opportunities for survivors. The fund has been fully disbursed to causes throughout the region, making possible education for the sea gypsy communities in Thailand, medical care for thousands of survivors in Aceh, new businesses for Dalit women in India, and growth for grassroots charitable organizations in Sri Lanka. This is just a sampling of what our donors have accomplished. The Give2Asia Tsunami Recovery Fund is now supporting 57 projects across the region, and our donors continue to give.Working with our advisors in all four countries, corporate, foundation and individual donors are supporting new long-term projects that strengthen local charitable groups and ensure the continued success of the recovery effort. This final report details each project supported by the fund, and highlights some of our local partners in the affected region. For more information on how you can continue giving to the recovery effort, please visit www.give2asia.org. As trustees of Give2Asia and stewards of the Tsunami Recovery Fund, we thank you for your generous support.
Mike Rea CEO, Give2Asia William P. Fuller Give2Asia Trustee President Emeritus,The Asia Foundation Joe Lumarda Give2Asia Trustee Senior Vice President, Capital Guardian Trust Company George SyCip Give2Asia Trustee Director, Galaxaco China Group, LLC
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FINAL REPORT SUMMARY
PROJECT FUNDING BY COUNTRY
Thailand: 12% India: 15% Sri Lanka: 32% Indonesia: 41% The Give2Asia Tsunami Recovery Fund has helped bring relief to children, families and whole communities over the past 18 months.With support from field staff in India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand, the Fund identified causes and funded critical projects for emergency relief, and long-term recovery in areas such as education, job training and civic empowerment. As we look at accomplishments and continuing challenges, we see the impact of the disaster on each country and the role international philanthropy can play in supporting survivors and improving life for people in the region.
PROJECT FUNDING BY FIELD OF INTEREST
Community Services: 33% Livelihood: 30% Education: 25% Disaster Relief: 12%
INDONESIA Aceh was the area closest to the epicenter of the earthquake and with the highest death toll. Since the end of 2004, international organizations and foreign volunteers have come to the area attempting to help with rebuilding.The Give2Asia Tsunami Recovery Fund has focused on supporting local groups in the area working for tsunami recovery.This has been an effective way to ensure project success by supporting the communities’ own efforts to rebuild.While some of these projects provide immediate health care and aid to survivors, other projects are creating and restoring social services, education and homes for orphans, and job opportunities for those who had their livelihood destroyed. In addition, the Fund supports monitoring programs that help local people reap the maximum benefit from the international aid flowing to the area. Other projects help to ensure women have a role in overseeing and guiding the recovery. The extreme degree to which the wave destroyed areas of Aceh is causing physical reconstruction alone to take some time. Establishing social services for survivors, creating new job opportunities, and caring for orphans are all equally important and will require ongoing support as Aceh moves ahead with social and economic rebuilding. SRI LANKA When the tsunami struck Sri Lanka, the wave displaced over one million people along the 13 affected coastal districts.Thanks to quick response from charitable organizations working with national and local governments, recovery and reconstruction began almost immediately. Recovery focused on providing people with housing and shelter, helping people get back to work -- especially those who had been working in the fishing, agriculture and tourism industries - and finding ways to take
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care of children. About one third of the country’s children were in some way affected by the disaster. Many had no schools, had no access to health care, or lost family members to the tsunami.The Give2Asia Tsunami Recovery Fund has funded projects in all of these recovery areas, stepping in to support local reconstruction efforts, funding projects that work with local chambers of commerce to restore jobs and offer vocational training, as well as providing support for services that help children and families. As the country struggles with civil conflict following the tsunami, it is clear much work is needed to undo the damage of the disaster. Reconstruction continues, including the building of homes, schools and medical facilities. Social and education projects that help promote healing from both the tsunami and the current conflicts can play a major role in creating a stable future for Sri Lanka. INDIA When the tsunami hit India's eastern seaboard, few believed that recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation would be possible. Eighteen months on, the survivors of this terrible disaster are well on the road to recovery. New infrastructure development has changed the landscape of the coastal villages and towns and has created new opportunities for local people. Several thousand houses, boats and nets have been given to thousands of beneficiaries as part of the process of rehabilitating infrastructure and the economy.The projects funded by the Give2Asia Tsunami Recovery Fund are all unique in nature and spread across the coastal belt of Tamilnadu and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.The Fund identified projects that many other international groups were not ready to support.These include income generation schemes, self help group formations and credit rotation; freeing of bonded fishermen, setting up small co-operative factories so that poor get better wages; building housing complexes and boatyards, providing for mechanized coir units, setting up of solar fish drying yards; dairy processing units and seafood kiosks. Some of the areas which still need attention include increasing awareness about different types of insurance, which can be a big help to survivors; building a culture of small savings; increasing the earnings capacity of fishermen communities; and vocational training to pull people out of the extreme poverty that is only exacerbated by natural disasters. THAILAND Eighteen months after the tsunami, physical reconstruction is almost complete along the more popular shorelines, and emergency relief organizations are gradually slowing down local operations. With the objective of providing assistance where it is most needed, the Give2Asia Tsunami Recovery Fund has consistently supported a diverse array of programs ranging from the construction of orphanages and schools to the provision of educational scholarships to orphaned children, psychological counseling for tsunami survivors, and programs supporting environmental awareness and eco-friendly certification for rebuilt resorts.The Fund also has supported programs training survivors to participate in local governance, empowering communities to play an active role in their own recovery. The reopening of previously destroyed coastal resorts and the gradual return of tourists may be seen as indicative of a healing process nearing its end; however, entire villages still suffer. Emotional trauma, and the loss of personal property, capital, and livelihood, has left many survivors without the means to start over.
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1. MOBILIZING HUNDREDS OF SKILLED VOLUNTEERS TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATE AID PARTNERS :The Asia Foundation and Muhammadiyah Almost immediately after the disaster, a lack of manpower exacerbated logistical bottlenecks, preventing the abundance of donated supplies and volunteer workers from reaching those in greatest need.With its network of regional offices, Muhammadiyah, a trusted long-time provider of health and social programs in Indonesia, was able to supply, transport, and train 150 volunteers to care for survivors of the tsunami in Aceh.These skilled workers, from hospitals, schools and community centers across Indonesia, brought their forensic, medical, psychological, and childcare expertise to Aceh for one month. 2. NEW RADIO NETWORK CONNECTS PEOPLE ACROSS ACEH PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation and Radio 68H Hundreds of thousands of Indonesian tsunami survivors continue to live in welfare camps. Desperate for news and information, displaced people now have access to radio broadcasts thanks to Radio 68H, which provided technical assistance to a new community radio station, Radio Muhammadiyah.The new radio station can now be heard in 50 welfare camps in Aceh through its newly expanded two-way radio network.Whether providing public service announcements about the importance of boiling water before mixing it with baby formula or enabling relief organizations to communicate with each other, Radio 68H is providing essential information for people who are giving and receiving aid.
3. DISASTER MANAGEMENT EXPERT ADVISES ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE IN BANDA ACEH PARTNER: The Asia Foundation Soon after the earthquake and tsunami leveled Banda Aceh, one of the many emergency relief experts to travel to the region was The Asia Foundation’s Kathryn Hawley. Although based in the Pacific Islands, Kathryn quickly set out for Aceh to see the scope of the devastation and to find out how The Asia Foundation could help its largest grantee in the province, Muhammadiyah, best respond. Sleeping in Muhammadiyah’s offices and working side-by-side with staff, Kathryn was impressed with the organization’s ability to scale up its day-to-day health, education, and human service programs to meet the needs of the massive crisis.With its human and financial resources stretched past capacity, Kathryn advised Muhammadiyah staff about how best to work with foreign agencies, offered suggestions on coordinating efforts with the Jakarta office to relieve the overwhelmed local employees and volunteers, and helped with long-term disaster management planning. At her suggestion, Give2Asia and The Asia Foundation funded Muhammadiyah’s tsunami response programs.
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4. TEACHERS HELP CHILDREN IN ACEH COPE WITH POST-TSUNAMI TRAUMA PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation and the Crisis Center of the University of Indonesia For a scared child, few things can be more comforting than the presence and kindness of a reassuring teacher. In North Aceh, where the tsunami caused more than a lifetime’s worth of death and destruction for children who were already traumatized by Aceh’s civil conflict, teachers are being trained to help kids address their fears. Now, 100 teachers are learning how to identify the symptoms of students’ mental scars in order to provide sensitive and needed counseling to help them heal. 5. ENCOURAGING LOCAL INPUT AND PARTICIPATION IN THE RECONSTRUCTION PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation and the Aceh Recovery Forum, with the
Department of Law, University of Syiah Kuala
While the central government is moving forward with plans for rebuilding, the leaders of local community groups want to be more involved in creating the blueprint for a peaceful and prosperous province.The Aceh Recovery Forum is playing a key role in presenting analysis by local academics on the government’s responsibility in a disaster/emergency situation. A positive outcome is that a leader from the Forum has been invited to join the advisory committee of the newly established government agency for tsunami reconstruction. 6. INCLUDING WOMEN’S VOICES IN ACEH’S RECONSTRUCTION PARTNER: The Asia Foundation and Mitra Sejati Perempuan Indonesia —
“True Partner of Indonesian Women” (MISPI)
Although Aceh has been governed by four women sultans, and Indonesian lore lauds women as brave warriors, women recently have been poorly represented in the region. Helping women’s advocates rebuild their efforts after the tsunami, and incorporating their voices into the reconstruction process, is at the heart of this support for MISPI, one of the few organizations fully committed to women’s political empowerment, which lost its entire facility in the disaster. In addition to rebuilding, they will use their network of women’s prayer groups to understand women’s priorities for rebuilding and advocate those priorities to the Ulama Council, the Aceh Recovery Forum, and the government.The local government planning agency has shown positive response to this and has included some of the input from the women’s groups to the agency. 7. INVESTING IN LONG-TERM ACCOUNTABILITY AND THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation and the Indonesian Corruption Watch After a major disaster, all eyes are on local and international relief organizations to make sure donors’ contributions are spent wisely. Indonesian Corruption Watch (ICW), an organization with a track record of monitoring and curbing corruption in Indonesia’s schools, elections, and judicial processes, will train and deploy 35 monitors in seven regions across Aceh and North Sumatra. Monitoring activities over the next two years will include comparing approved budgets to actual budgets, launching public counter-corruption campaigns, and scrutinizing how the
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government bids and processes reconstruction activities.With the president of Indonesia explicitly asking civil society organizations to help make the recovery process as transparent as possible, this initiative is well-timed and will hopefully create new standards in government procurement and public works projects. ICW will make public the initial findings about corruption in the building of temporary housing, and it is hoped that this information will serve as a deterrent to others’ misuse of funding. 8. BUILDING MUHAMMADIYAH’S CAPACITY IN ACEH PARTNER: Muhammadiyah The tsunami has brought unprecedented international attention, funds, and relief agencies to Aceh, and Muhammadiyah, a broad-based Islamic organization with an office in Aceh, is one of the local organizations best able to quickly respond to the crisis in the province. However, local Aceh staff members have never dealt with a catastrophe of this size and are swamped with requests from international aid organizations that wish to provide support.With this funding, three teams of four additional staff members from Muhammadiyah’s Jakarta office have been brought to support the Aceh operation. Experienced in crisis management, they will temporarily increase office capacity as well as provide disaster relief training. This additional staff will continue to offer the high-quality services expected by the community and international relief organizations, and help prepare the Aceh office for what will be a long-term rebuilding process. 9. THOUSANDS OF SICK AND INJURED IN ACEH RECEIVE URGENT MEDICAL CARE PARTNER: Muhammadiyah In the first month after the tsunami, doctors and paramedics from Muhammadiyah treated as many as 12,000 patients in Aceh. While the need for urgent care has subsided somewhat, thousands in isolated communities and camps still require medical attention. Muhammadiyah is continuing its treatment of survivors, thanks to eight teams of four paramedics, which will use eight ambulances donated by the Japanese embassy to reach approximately 36,000 patients in Banda Aceh, Muelaboh, Blang Pidi, and Sigli. 10. EMERGENCY EDUCATION KEEPS CHILDREN IN SCHOOL PARTNERS: Education for Aceh and North Sumatra (PUAS) For 3,000 children in the Aceh Besar District, home is a displaced persons camp, and school takes place in tents provided by UNICEF; even the teachers are temporary.While classes started one month after the tsunami, state schools are still slow to reopen because of the loss of life among so many teachers and the extensive damage to the buildings. A few months after the tsunami, 70 of the interim teachers teaching in the camps left Aceh and only 10 remained to continue the interim classes.With funding from Give2Asia, 65 more new teachers were trained and deployed to the region for three more months while a long-term plan was formulated.
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11. EVALUATING THE SUCCESS OF RECONSTRUCTION IN ACEH PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation and the Aceh Recovery Forum with the
Department of Law, University of Syiah Kuala
Since the tsunami, Acehnese have noted the large number of people with pencils and clipboards conducting “needs assessments” to determine the extent of the damage and what rebuilding is required.While the emergency needs are well-documented, it is important now to evaluate how the government’s reconstruction plan, known locally as “The Blueprint,” is being implemented. The Asia Foundation and its local partners will conduct a 16-month appraisal to monitor and evaluate how well the government is providing basic recovery and rehabilitation services.This is an important project, not only because there are no other funders supporting such an effort in Banda Aceh, but because it will identify problems in delivering needed services so reconstruction efforts can move more smoothly.The team’s findings, including their interim report after six months, will be the basis for additional Give2Asia grantmaking. 12. IMPROVING ACCESS TO LEGAL INFORMATION AND SOLUTIONS
PARTNERS:The Asia Foundation, Center for Indonesia Law and Policy Studies (PSHK) and the Faculty of Law at Universitas Syiah Kuala
Even several months after the tsunami, the people of Aceh face a bewildering set of legal challenges in restoring their lives to some sense of normalcy. In many cases, those affected have lost critical legal documents, which have still not been replaced.Without essential papers, they face challenges in obtaining credit, accessing bank accounts, proceeding with inheritance and estate transfer issues, and accessing many of the new legal and financial services that have been established by the government to aid their recovery. In response,The Asia Foundation, and partners PSHK and the Faculty of Law of Universitas Syiah Kuala, have teamed up to launch basic legal aid services for tsunami survivors.The effort, which includes setting up legal information centers, has had a rapid and tangible impact on the quality of life of survivors. 13. BOLSTERING THE SMALL BUSINESSES AND SUSTAINABILITY OF ACEH’S BOARDING SCHOOLS
PARTNER: Education for All of Aceh and North Sumatra (PUAS)
The earthquake and tsunami brought new pressures to Aceh’s system of Islamic boarding schools, called dayah.These institutions have always been mainstream, publicly supported schools central to education, youth and community in Aceh.Yet the tsunami caused a tremendous influx of newcomers to dayah schools. Families and adults sought refuge there, though before too long they returned to their communities or to new displaced persons camps. However, many children remained at their temporary dayah homes. Some were orphans, having lost both parents, and some were left behind for care by parents who had no means of supporting them. At the same time, dayah schools faced severe financial difficulties.They had traditionally relied on strong community support to maintain their facilities.Those very communities were now destroyed, scattered or deprived of any means for subsistence income, much less a margin for tithing. Aid was initially received from some overseas individuals and aid agencies, though that effort is certainly a short-term one, and the question remains how these institutions will sustain themselves post-tsunami in the long-term.
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PUAS is taking an active role to ensure the long-term financial viability of these important Aceh institutions. Dayah schools have often run small businesses to generate income, and PUAS’ first step was to convene a meeting of 30 of the largest dayah schools to learn more about their past experience with small businesses, the needs additional income would meet, and the capacity for expanding or starting new income-generating activities.This included a number of rapid response grants that have allowed dayah to buy and raise chickens and cows for sale, and to start a rice plantation, all to benefit their children and teachers. 14. CREATING CONNECTIONS AND KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER BETWEEN ACEH AND YOGYAKARTA SCHOOLS
PARTNER: Education for All of Aceh and North Sumatra (PUAS)
Forging connections between the newly opened Aceh and the outside world — and especially the rest of Indonesia — is a Tsunami Recovery Fund priority. An August 2005 exchange of teachers and administrators from Aceh to the city of Yogyakarta was an excellent step toward this goal. In addition to meetings and activities focusing on pedagogy and school administration, one surprising and practical outcome was the establishment of 14 sister school relationships. The memorandum of understanding between the schools outlines steps for strengthening the quality of education in Aceh and a culture of peace and nonviolence in both regions. Exchanges among faculty will include curriculum development and research, as well as longterm teacher exchanges and training. Fostering mutual understanding among students is a priority. Pen pal, art, and school magazine projects will be launched to create new connections between students.
15. REBUILDING WOMEN’S LIVES AND FAMILIES WITH SOY BEAN ENTREPRENEURSHIP
PARTNER: Nasiyiatul Aisyiyah (NA), the women’s youth group of Muhammadiyah
For many families in Aceh, the task of caring for a family in the wake of the tsunami has fallen disproportionately on women, in part due to the tragic fact that many men perished while fishing at sea. According to Nasiyaiatul Aisyiyah (NA), the number of women-led households in Aceh has risen from 13 percent to 19 percent.Their need for flexible income from homebusinesses is greater than ever before, and a new project on soy bean entrepreneurship has already paid dividends for its participants.This approach seemed a natural choice for entrepreneurs in Aceh, for soy beans are readily available, and products such as soy milk and soybean cakes (tempeh) are common in Indonesian cuisine, in addition to themselves being nutritious supplements for a family’s diet.The project, which included comprehensive training and equipment for soy milk and tempeh production, as well as marketing guidance, has already been a great success.Thirty-nine year-old Mehran, who lost her husband to the disaster and needs to care for her two children, is a wonderful example. Aided by a background in small business, she quickly began producing tempeh for profit, employing three others and selling her tempeh on the main Ulee Kareng Street in Banda Aceh.
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16. TSUNAMI ORPHANS SKILLS CENTER AND YOUTH HOSTEL
PARTNER:The Rahmania Foundation
This grant, like a similar one to Sarvodaya in Sri Lanka, is a flagship project of the Tsunami Recovery Fund, as it promises to make a major, long-term investment in the availability of skills training for Aceh’s tsunami orphans and youth. The Rahmania Foundation has operated a vocational education center in Aceh for several years, though its progress has been slow and incomplete due to the economic crisis of the late 1990s and the resurgent conflict in Aceh. Yet in the face of these difficulties, and well before the tsunami, the Rahmania Foundation vocational education center was offering courses on auto mechanics, and refrigerator and air conditioning repair. All students found employment and some even opened up their own garages. Enrollment, however, was limited, as it has been from the start, since the original plans for a dormitory had to be scrapped, with the dorm section instead being incorporated into the education center building.With the attention, funding, and relative stability of Aceh following the tsunami, the Rahmania Foundation has resumed plans to bring the center up to full capacity.This grant allows the Foundation to purchase an adjoining section of land on the Banda Aceh-Meulaboh road, and to construct a new building that will house both boys and girls.The capacity for the center will jump from about 40 students per year to 210, and new classes will include English, accounting, welding, and computing.
17. BETTER DAYS FOR 100 OF ACEH’S ORPHANS
PARTNER:The Rahmania Foundation
Through its past work and extensive network in Aceh, the Rahmania Foundation has identified 1,500 orphans in need of food, shelter, school supplies and uniforms, and other daily necessities. Many of these orphans are living in the displaced persons camps or boarding schools, but they still lack access to these necessities, much less sewing machines, sports gear, books, and other items for extracurricular activities.This grant provides direct support for 100 children for one year, and ongoing support for 27 of those for an additional two years.The Rahmania Foundation remains in need of funding for this program, and they will also be playing a greater role in the building and administration of kindergartens and housing through their new Integrated Orphanage initiative. 18. TOWARD ACEH’S FIRST RADIO NEWS AGENCY
PARTNERS:The Asia Foundation and Radio Antero
At the same time the tsunami washed away whole communities, it also altered the political and information landscape of the province.Whereas Aceh was closed before, martial law has since been lifted, and access to information has been liberalized to an extent. Radio Antero, launched by an experienced new journalist from the local Radio 68H network station, seeks to keep the momentum going toward making more information and better information on Aceh available. His goal is to establish a news agency in Aceh that, in partnership with the province’s local radio stations, would not just beam news to remote districts, but actively produce local news as well, so that new and more comprehensive news of Aceh is available.The addition of live talk shows, thanks to satellite technology, will further diversify the type of information that is available. Radio Antero’s first phase is the establishment of a production house in Banda Aceh and
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the production of news programming for relaying to the provinces.Their commitment and capacities have drawn the interest of the local reconstruction agency, local government and officials promoting the first-ever direct local elections, aid groups, and others. 19. REBUILDING A UNIVERSITY LIBRARY SYSTEM THROUGH AN ONLINE DIGITIZATION PROJECT
PARTNER:The Asia Foundation and IAIN Ar-Raniry
The libraries at State Institute for Islamic Studies, Ar-Raniry (IAIN Ar-Raniry), located in a region of Aceh that was hardest hit by the tsunami, suffered considerable damage. Being one of the most prestigious universities in the region, the university not only decided to rebuild to recover from the damage, but also to build a better, modern information system to serve future leaders of Indonesia.The first proposal is to fund a new library system to improve availability of information for advanced academic studies at the State Institute for Islamic Studies, Ar-Raniry through an online public access catalog.
20. CAPACITY BUILDING FOR TEACHERS IN ACEH THROUGH A TEACHER EXCHANGE PROGRAM
PARTNER: Education for Aceh and North Sumatra (PUAS)
PUAS will offer a teachers’ exchange program to address the lack of teachers in Aceh who are trained in the subject matter they actually teach.This program hopes to raise the low student performance rates in core subjects by enhancing the skills of teachers in Aceh through an exchange with schools in Yogyakarta. In addition to professional development, the program will foster a mutual understanding between teachers in Aceh and Yogyakarta to develop a culture of peace and nonviolence in schools.This project follows funding for emergency training for teachers in the early days of the tsunami crisis, and a recent teacher and administrator exchange that, in addition to the building of human resources, led to the establishment of 14 sister school relationships between Aceh and Yogyakarta. 21. WRITING A ROLE FOR WOMEN IN RECONSTRUCTION PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation and Fahmina While many women are eager to voice their opinions on how Aceh should be rebuilt, religion is often used as a way to keep them out of public dialogue. In order to include women, a new gender sensitive fiqh book, that details Islamic discourse, will be developed to show how both religious teachings and local practices can include women. In the past, these books have been used to prevent women’s participation, but with support from experienced local partners, this fiqh will help schoolteachers and religious leaders to speak the language of women’s empowerment in Indonesia.
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22. BRINGING HOPE TO STREET CHILDREN AND CHILDREN AT RISK IN ACEH PARTNERS: Friends International Aceh has been in conflict since 1976. Growing up under these circumstances has created a world where children view violence as the main tool for resolving problems. After the tsunami, thousands of children live on the streets or in at-risk situations due to the harsh economic situation, non-existent education and limited employable skills.The G2A Tsunami Recovery Fund, along with Chef's Without Borders, the AIG Disaster Recovery Fund and the Happy Hearts Fund, are helping to make a difference by funding a proven program helping these children. Friends International, founder of an innovative street children's organization in Cambodia, is working hand-in-hand with local organizations in Aceh to research the needs and location of children at risk, establish a drop-in center, and develop a holistic set of services to help these children survive and thrive. At the same time, Friends is helping these local groups to build their institutional capacity, and is supporting their projects that seek to provide peace education, social services, vocational training, and life skills to Aceh's children at risk.
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1. RELIEF FOR TSUNAMI SURVIVORS PROVIDED BY INTERFAITH COALITION
PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation, the Kovilagodalle Buddhist Temple, the Hindu Women’s Society, the Anglican Church, the National Christian Council, and the Lion’s Club
Within a week of the tsunami, a group of local religious institutions were providing vital aid. The Anglican Church mobilized four regional coordinators to cover all areas and effectively channel their support; a Buddhist temple helped with housing and fishing boats; the National Christian Council provided basic aid; the Hindu Women’s Society supplied new fishing nets to those in the North and East; and the Lion’s Club provided new shoes and clothing to children. The spirit of inter-faith cooperation and aid across traditional divides has been one of the hallmarks of the relief effort. 2. REPLACING THOUSANDS OF “A LEVEL” STUDY NOTES FOR STUDENTS FACING A JUNE TEST DATE PARTNERS : Anglican Church and the Lion’s Club Many students who were preparing for their “A level” exams, which determine their acceptance to university, lost their notes and study materials to the tsunami. Reproducing and distributing students’ study aids will help thousands of Sri Lankan students achieve their educational goals despite the recent disaster. 3. GRANTS HELP REVIVE SMALL BUSINESSES PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation, the Federation of Chambers of Commerce &
Industry, the National Chamber of Commerce & Industry, and the Ceylon Chamber of Commerce
In Sri Lanka, two business owners who lost everything are seeking to rebuild their enterprises. One man who sells curry powder at the local market needs just $80 to restart his business. Another man who started from nothing and built a midsized business worth $30,000 (a fortune by local standards) needs a bit of capital to restart his entrepreneurial activities, which in turn provide jobs in the community. Although local business owners such as these have filled out forms identifying and evaluating the losses they have suffered, very few have benefited from any direct financial assistance yet.While business owners elsewhere who lost everything to natural disasters have insurance money that helps them restart, entrepreneurs in this region have no such safety nets. Small grants are being provided directly to business owners so they can once again earn their livings while providing needed services and supplies to the community. Grants are made to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises in the southern Sri Lanka districts of Galle, Matara, and Hambantota through existing business associations and local chambers of commerce and industry. Local representatives, who know the local business landscape better than any outside funders, will select grant recipients based on need and will ensure that money is distributed fairly.
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4. MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES FOR COMMUNITIES TRAUMATIZED BY WAR AND DISASTER PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation and Psychosocial Support Program When the tsunami hit and Sri Lanka suffered more death, loss, and destruction in a few hours than during the previous two decades of civil conflict, the country quickly responded by helping those in need.Yet, in addition to meeting survivors’ physical needs by providing emergency food and clothing, many well-meaning individuals and organizations offered ad hoc mental health services that may have caused more harm than good. Adding to this, foreign aid groups recognized the lack of mental health professionals in Sri Lanka and were brought in to help as well. However, these skilled outside workers were not trained in clinical styles that are culturally appropriate in Sri Lanka, or were only available for short-term assistance. As the survivors of this disaster begin to rebuild their lives, many are haunted by memories of that terrible day, and still need high-quality, culturally appropriate, and ongoing mental health help.The Psychosocial Support Program (PSP) helps local nonprofits and government agencies provide professional, socially sensitive mental health programs. PSP trains staff so that more field workers can incorporate psychologically sensitive approaches as they provide services to large groups of people in the affected areas.Whether teaching professional mental healthcare workers how to respond to the emotional damage caused by the tsunami or educating laypeople in informal counseling and befriending skills, PSP helps ensure that traumatized people have access to caring and knowledgeable counselors to help them recover. PSP also has found its staff and services of vital importance to the partners they serve, whose own staff often face the same personal tragedies and dislocation as their clients. 5. THE NEW MARVELL SARVODAYA VOCATIONAL EDUCATION CENTER, BATTICALOA, SRI LANKA
Paired with the vocational training center in Aceh, the Marvell Sarvodaya Vocational Education Center is a special project for the Tsunami Recovery Fund. It is the Fund’s largest investment and bears many of the hallmarks from the Rahmania Foundation’s effort in Aceh: Sarvodaya is an extremely reputable organization, and it was successfully operating a smaller center in Batticaloa well before the tsunami hit. It has experience running this and other centers, and the demand in the community, and their ability to serve them, has been amply proven. Batticaloa, which lies on Sri Lanka’s eastern coast, was extremely hard hit by the tsunami, and the disaster exacerbated problems of poverty and employment lingering from the civil conflict, which is now flaring again. Some revitalization had occurred since the signing of the cease-fire agreement in 2001, much of which the tsunami reversed. A needs assessment conducted by Sarvodaya after the tsunami showed that there existed great additional demand for vocational training in the area, in addition to their own center and a government-run center. One reason is the great demand for skilled laborers and craftsmen to assist with the long-term reconstruction effort in the city and region. Accordingly, Sarvodaya plans to expand the center on land it already owns.The new center will include vocational training facilities, computing rooms and resources, residential and dining facilities, other class-
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rooms, and a library.The expanded course catalog will offer carpentry, masonry, computer hardware and software training, auto and motorbike maintenance, and beautician training.The new center also will allow for the expansion of training in maternal and children’s health, and pre-school care and education. 6. THE RECOVERY OF ARTS, CULTURE, AND TOURISM
Tourism has been and will continue to be a mainstay of communities along the southern coast of Sri Lanka. Sarvodaya’s Community Tourism Initiative is taking the lead in ensuring that the reconstruction of the region and its economy serves both local communities and the local culture.The Balapitiya Community Arts and Cultural Center will feature a pre-school, library and computing center, legal and health services, and other resources.Thanks to supporters of the Tsunami Recovery Fund, it will also feature a section dedicated to the arts and culture of southern Sri Lanka.With new instruments, costumes, props, and teachers, the center will offer children’s classes in traditional southern music and dance. Performances will be offered for local and international visitors alike on Saturdays, and future plans include classes in traditional mask painting, southern cooking, and a small restaurant catering to tourists — which will provide a training venue for students and graduates, as well as earned income for the center. 7. RESTARTING AND IMPROVING THE HANDLOOM INDUSTRY IN AMPARAI PARTNER: The Foundation for Co-Existence The longstanding handloom industry in the east of Sri Lanka, though an economic and cultural asset, was struggling before the tsunami. Civil conflict hindered their access to markets and increased transportation costs, though weaving survived as it was often the most profitable skill of many people in the area, especially women. A needs assessment conducted by the Foundation for Co-Existence (FCE), showed that approximately 960 looms were damaged or destroyed by the tsunami, and that 560 handlooms still need to be repaired or replaced. Of those, 15 will be provided by this grant, in a pilot effort to assist women, especially widowers, to realize greater skill and profits from their weaving. A cooperative will be formed, for which space will be rented and the looms and raw materials for startup purchased. Once production has begun, a master weaver will help the cooperative review and improve their technique and designs, and other consultants will help with marketing. In tandem, training on co-existence and women’s empowerment will also be offered, and FCE expects that all participants will make great strides in their self-esteem, business acumen, earning power, and ability to support their children’s education and advancement. 8. RESTORE EMPLOYMENT FOR 30 TAILORS AND MAT WEAVERS PARTNER: Muslim Women’s Research and Action Forum Muslim Women’s Research and Action Forum (MWRAF), based on its work since the 1990s with communities in Amparai District in Sri Lanka’s East, played a major role in the immediate relief effort.They provided food and clothing, thanks to the contributions of many Sri Lankan donors.They also supplied tools for masons, carpenters, and electricians whose skills were in great need but whose tools of the trade had been lost.That same spirit of practicality and community need infuses this project, which has provided equipment and materials to allow two
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types of entrepreneurs — tailors and mat weavers — to resume work. Related activities will include training on access to credit, marketing, and starting and running cooperatives. MWRAF’s mandate extends beyond the Muslim community and includes a diverse membership which subscribes to the goal of promoting a pluralistic society in a unified Sri Lanka. 9. STEPPING IN TO AID ORPHANS AND THE STAFF OF CLOSED RESTAURANTS AND HOTELS
PARTNER: Chef’s Guild of Sri Lanka
The South of Sri Lanka featured many tourist destinations, including the old fort of Galle and the backpacker havens and beaches of Unawatuna. Because of the tsunami and continued conflicts, those dependent upon the tourist economy are especially vulnerable.The 850 members of the Chef’s Guild of Sri Lanka recognize their plight and are planning to do their part by selecting approximately 250 unemployed kitchen and hotel staff, as well as orphans, for special training in cooking and hospitality at their facilities in Colombo. Accommodations will be provided, and the participants will be trained by qualified local and foreign chefs and hotel staff in topics such as food safety and hygiene.The program will include practical study and internships, after which the Guild will assist students in finding employment elsewhere in Sri Lanka or overseas until the tourist economy of the south recovers.This project was funded by the San Francisco Asian Chefs Association/Chef’s Without Borders Fund. 10. USING LOCAL INPUT TO GUIDE RECONSTRUCTION INVESTMENTS IN COMMUNITIES
PARTNER:The Asia Foundation and 20 local governments and communities
Collaboration with local government is a hallmark of The Asia Foundation’s approach, and its local governance initiative in Sri Lanka pre-dates the tsunami.Taking advantage of their existing network and relationships with many local governments, the Foundation is able to help communities convene local leaders, public and private, and facilitate a process that forms consensus and identifies the most pressing needs of communities.This effort consists of 20 smaller grants allocated to tsunami-affected communities, from Hikkaduwa in the South, to Trincomalee in the East, based on projects they themselves identified as priorities. Charitable investments are being made in several areas: health and sanitation, for improving waste disposal and mosquito control; children’s education, such as extra tutors for refugee camp schools and books; and community counseling on human rights, gender rights, and post-traumatic stress.Taken together, the 20 activities are a step toward reconstruction that every participating community can own and see succeed. 11. HELPING CHILD SURVIVORS THROUGH THE ARTS & PERFORMANCE
PARTNER: SUBODHI Institute of Integral Education
Most children who were affected by the disaster in Sri Lanka are still coping with psychosocial issues. SUBODHI is reaching out to these children to support their recovery through muppetry, a well-established art form in Sri Lanka that is used to convey social and cultural values. Currently, a group of local, young adults are being trained to perform for the children and families living in rural coastal communities.This medium of song and dance will motivate children to re-engage in society and encourage the tolerance of ethnic and religious diversity in a nation still divided by internal conflict. | 16 |
1. SPECIAL DELIVERY OF RELIEF SUPPLIES TO REMOTE AREAS PARTNERS: Charities Aid Foundation India and Goonj Despite the great care taken to generate support for relief efforts, the delivery of emergency supplies can be overly hasty, resulting in as much as 40 percent of materials being destroyed due to poor handling.To prevent valuable supplies from being damaged, Give2Asia supported the careful packing and shipping of relief materials to remote areas to ensure that people even in the most distant regions receive high-quality, usable supplies. A team of volunteers gathered and sorted donated items to make sure that only needed materials were delivered, and then they carefully wrapped the goods in gunny sacks donated by shopkeepers. More than 1,000 sacks worth of dry rations, blankets, utensils, medicines and clothing were distributed to NGOs in the remote affected areas of the South. An additional truckload of dry rations also were dispatched for Tamilnadu. 2. NEW BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIA’S FISHING COMMUNITIES PARTNERS: Charities Aid Foundation India and Bless In the Cuddalore District of Tamilnadu, 12,000 homes were destroyed and more than 60,000 people were evacuated. Residents of this coastal region rely on the ocean for their income, so locals lost not just their homes but also their livelihoods when the tsunami destroyed thousands of boats and nets. New fiber reinforced plastic boats that are safer and insurable — unlike the wood catamarans that were lost to the sea — will now be provided to the fishermen along with new nets so they can begin to fish again and rebuild their businesses. 3. BUILDING BOATS PROVIDES JOBS ON LAND AND AT SEA PARTNERS: Charities Aid Foundation-India and South Indian Federation of
In southern India, the fishing industry provides food and jobs both for those who go out to sea and for the people on shore who build and maintain boats and motors. Because so many boats were lost to the tsunami, the South Indian Federation of Fishermen Societies (SIFFS), a nonprofit organization that provides sustainable fishing services to 50,000 fishermen and women across 15 districts in the states of Keral Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, is operating its boatyard in Tharangambadi around-the-clock to replace and repair more than 40 fiber reinforced plastic boats each month. However the need is so great that SIFFS has opened a new boatyard in Cuddalore that can produce more than 20 vessels and repair more than 100 boats and 200 outboard motors each month. An additional boatyard will be built in Port Blair in the heavily damaged Andaman island region, which currently has no boat building yard — but where 800 boats must be replaced. Not only will these new boats enable fisherpeople to return to the sea, but the building and repair work will provide sustainable jobs for 35 locals at each boatyard.
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4. WIDOWS FIND SELF-SUFFICIENCY IN TEXTILES AND FISH DRYING PARTNERS: Charities Aid Foundation-India and Peoples’ Upliftment in Rural Areas In the Kanyakumari District of India, women now have two ways to support themselves using new techniques for age old businesses. As many as 50 women who lost their husbands — their families’ primary wage earners — will now be able to join a fisherwomen’s cooperative to dry fish using solar technology.This new solar dryer not only replaces the traditional fish drying equipment that was lost in the waves, but also takes just a few hours to dry instead of three to five days in the sun. In addition, this new technology is more sanitary than sun drying so the fish can now be traded locally while also meeting the standards of the international market. This improved method of fish drying doubles the women’s income, while enabling them to continue working in a culturally accepted livelihood with which they are both skilled and knowledgeable. A second opportunity for widows is in the non-fishing costal villages of Sampasivapuram, Parapatru, and Kootumangalam where women are the traditional producers of coir, a coarse fiber made from coconut husks used for rope and other textiles. Before the tsunami, much of the coir production was run by private businessmen and the women worked long hours, faced on-the-job injuries and discomforts from this backbreaking work and earned just Rs. 30 or around $.75 per day.When the tsunami destroyed the coastal coir production centers, the owners decided not to rebuild. Suddenly 150 women who were once employed by this industry lost their jobs with no resources to start their own businesses.Thanks to donors of the Tsunami Recovery Fund, 128 families received their own mechanized coir producing units. Not only do the women and their families have a safe, fast way to earn their traditional living, but they also enjoy group ownership and profit sharing that more than doubles their daily income to Rs. 85.5 or about $2 per day. 5. SMALL LOANS HELP WOMEN BUILD NEW BUSINESSES PARTNERS: Charities Aid Foundation-India and Pondicherry Multipurpose Social
Service Society (PMSSS)
While the 10 villages of Cuddalore and Karaikal received immediate food aid after the tsunami, their long-term needs were not being addressed. After a meeting with the community, Pondicherry Multipurpose Social Service Society (PMSSS) determined that women in the community wanted to return to their jobs selling fish at markets and even door-to-door. However, these women did not have access to any capital and would be forced to seek high interest loans that would be difficult to repay. Instead, PMSSS has created 60 small savings groups with 20 members each who will receive immediate, no-interest loans of $70 to start up a small business.Whether they choose to return to fish selling, or as some members have suggested, explore new opportunities in tailoring, farming, or selling cloth, vegetables, or flowers, the women will repay their loans at a reasonable rate of $2.50 per month for 30 months, while building sustainable businesses to support themselves and their families well into the future.
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6. NONPROFIT ICE PLANT KEEPS LOCAL FISHERMEN’S WARES FRESH PARTNERS : Charities Aid Foundation-India and Foundation of Occupational
In the tsunami-affected region of Tuticorin district, the fishermen are forced to sell a majority of their produce to middlemen at a throw away price due to the absence of adequate and affordable chilling facilities.Without chilling units, the fishermen must return to the shore irrespective of the size of the catch at certain times of the day to meet the buyers. If chilling containers are available, the fishermen will be able to remain at sea until a full load of fish is caught and then sell their catch throughout the day.With the procurement and installation of chilling units in five villages of Tamil Nadu, local fishermen will store their daily catch without being forced to sell daily at below market prices to middlemen. 7. RECLAIMING LAND FROM THE SEA, ACRE BY ACRE AND POND BY POND PARTNER : Sevalaya In the first few days after the tsunami, the people of the Nagapattinam District counted their losses: 11,380 casualties and 500 people missing along with many houses, boats, shops, and vehicles. More recently, the community has discovered that for all the waves took away, an unwelcome gift was left behind: saltwater contaminated ponds, wells, and irrigation tanks, and more than a foot of salty mud threatened to penetrate further into the soil and destroy this once fertile farmland if not removed before the rainy season began. Sevalaya, a local nonprofit that runs an orphanage, schools, clinic, library, old age home, and many other community services helped to organize an environmental reclamation project in this area. As many as 600 ponds needed to be desilted and 1,000 acres of land had to be cleared of sea sand and salt — at a price.The fuel needed to power the pump used to desilt one pond costs $186 and the cost of reclaiming one acre of land by hand is $126.While pond pumping is automated, fields had to be cleaned by hand; manual labor, although more difficult than using tractors, costs half as much and provided needed jobs to people in the community. 8. RIGHTS AND FREEDOM FOR BONDED LABORERS IN THE FISHING VILLAGES
PARTNER: Development and Education for Workers
Mr. Arumaikannu and thousands of other bonded laborers in India’s fishing industry face a cycle of debt and poverty caused by their exploitation by the owners of fishing boats who are their employers.The cycle begins when a fisherman, with no other access to credit, turns to his employer for an advance, from which time he is at a disadvantage. Mr. Arumaikannu is paid not in cash, but in fish from their catch. However, when the time comes to start paying off an advance, the owners often accept only fish from the catch, accepting them at dramatically lower rates set by them. Mr. Arumaikannu started out with a debt to his boat owner of $46, and it has now risen to $345. Development and Education for Workers (DEW), an organization established in 1993 and with experience combating bonded labor in the gem cutting and construction industries, decided to tackle the problem in fishing communities in the south even before the tsunami, though the situation is far worse now as the interruption of fishing has only heightened the plight of bonded fishermen. DEW, having surveyed the 33 villages of Kanyakumari District, has conducted and
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planned a number of activities, focusing on awareness, legal consultation and litigation, financial aid, and the formation of Fishermen Sangam groups. A key criterion for success is the actual releasing of laborers from their indebted relationships, and success will fulfill a key Tsunami Recovery Fund goal for using newfound resources that make a difference in the quality of life of tsunami survivors. 9. SAFE AND MODERN SHELTER FOR DALITS, INDIA’S MOST VULNERABLE AND UNDERSERVED
PARTNER: Foundation of Occupational Development
The Dalit community of Tiruchendur, originally brought to the region as replacement workers for the fishing industry during a virus outbreak, is its most vulnerable population. Dalits, the so-called “untouchables” of India, have increasingly been shunned by the fishing community and have been left to subsist on quicklime production centered around shell collection and kilns built on the coast.The tsunami destroyed their equipment and stocks, and while other elements of the community have had greater access to government and faith-based aid, the Dalits have received little or none.The Foundation of Occupational Development (FOOD) has procured land and is building an integrated housing complex to help restore shelter, dignity, and livelihoods to 22 Dalit families.The shelter will consist of solar-powered homes for all, a pre-school and playground, and two commercial spaces. 10. DALIT SMALL ENTERPRISE PROGRAM FOR 500 WOMEN
PARTNER: GUARD Society
The outcaste Dalit population in tsunami-affected communities in the south is dire.They have suffered disproportionately due to the discrimination they have traditionally endured. By some accounts, they have been deprived identity cards and status that would qualify them for tsunami aid; they have been turned away from common relief camps; and they are not being served by local churches, which are often the channel for public and private aid to the region. Dalits are not allowed to own fishing boats or businesses and, though they may be employed by boats for poor wages, they are denied access to fishermen cooperative societies. Faced with this discrimination and poverty, the GUARD Society launched an initiative aimed at creating and supporting several new types of businesses for more than 500 Dalit women.Training and the provision of tools and raw materials helps more than 500 Dalit women begin businesses in quicklime kilns, palmyra frond weaving, fish marketing, animal husbandry, and candlemaking. 11. NEW SCHOOL BUILT IN REMOTE ISLANDS TO HONOR TSUNAMI VICTIM
Kristi Anderson, a San Ramon, California woman, was on assignment in Bangalore, India, and vacationing in Sri Lanka before her flight home on December 26, 2004 — the day the tsunami struck. A memorial fund, created by her family, friends, and co-workers, together with the Tsunami Recovery Fund, supported the building of a new school for children from the heavily damaged Andaman and Nicobar Islands. A plaque on the new school building reads: Dedicated to the people of Prafula Nagar/In the memory of Kristi Anderson/Whose spirit travels still./The urge to roam/to fly/to be/to search for free/the need to see/to go/to do/ May 30, 2005.
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12. CAPACITY BUILDING IN TSUNAMI-AFFECTED REGIONS
PARTNER: Charities Aid Foundation India
Without the efforts of countless non-governmental organizations, rebuilding in tsunami-affected areas would be sluggish or, worse, non-existent. Many of these groups participating in tsunami recovery work have labored to assist others, and the Charities Aid Foundation India (CAF India) is now working to help them. CAF India will provide capacity-building training to organizations involved in tsunami recovery activities in India.The capacity building workshop will offer training in communications, fundraising, accounting, reporting, and regulatory issues. 13. BUILDING LONG-TERM SECURITY FOR AFFECTED FISHING COMMUNITIES
PARTNER: Integrated Rural Community Development Society
The tsunami destroyed the livelihood for many in the fishing communities in Kanyakumari District.The Integrated Rural Community Development Society (IRCDS) is covering the firstyear premium of low-cost life and accident insurance for 1,000 families in four villages in this district, prioritizing women-led households and families made up mainly of girls and women. At the same time, IRCDS is encouraging the local community to use insurance for long-term security and financial planning.The women-breadwinners have been organized into "Self Help Groups" in which they learn to use financial tools.These beneficiaries are receiving educational and financial assistance to start new businesses, such as fish trading, tiffin stalls and vegetable vending. 14. HELPING YOUNG WOMEN IN INDIA TO BECOME CERTIFIED MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS
PARTNER: CROSS Trust
The tsunami caused many Indian families to lose their means for livelihood, making life a constant struggle.Women who wish to join the work force to assist their families are hampered by limited education and skills. In the Colachel village, one of the areas in the Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu that was badly affected by the tsunami, women cannot afford the fees required at the vocational training center in the city. Cross Trust has built a new center in Nagercoil to provide free medical training to women interested in starting new careers.Thanks to help from the Tsunami Recovery Fund, 150 of those from Colachel are now studying to earn diplomas to become nurses, midwives, lab technicians and X-ray technicians.
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1. FREE FAMILY LAW SERVICES FOR COMPLEX LEGAL CASES PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation and the Women Lawyers Association After the tragedy, people in Thailand were not only grieving their losses, but many were also contending with complicated legal situations ranging from proving they are entitled to an inheritance to even showing they are citizens of the country. More than 5,000 cases will be resolved thanks to the support of the Women Lawyers Association of Thailand which will provide pro bono legal assistance and advice in a country that lacks a well-developed public legal aid program.Whether in need of traditional legal services or, for the Muslim minority, Sharia law, these lawyers will help expedite both in and out-of-court settlements. 2. DATABASE OF VICTIMS HELPS IDENTIFY THE MISSING AND DEAD PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation, and the Thai Institute for International Education in
collaboration with the Office of the Attorney General
Months after the tsunami, more than 5,000 bodies in Thailand still had not yet been identified, and searching was hindered by the lack of a single database listing identifying details.The stress of searching multiple sources of information compounded surviving family members’ losses and risked hindering legal proceedings. A new database was created to help quickly and accurately match missing person’s reports with unidentified bodies so that families and friends can identify and honor their loved ones. 3. LEGAL AID FOR MIGRANT WORKERS PARTNERS: The Asia Foundation and the Peace and Culture Foundation More than one million migrant workers from countries including Myanmar live in Thailand seeking jobs in farms, factories, construction, fishing, and other industries. Often, these migrant laborers are undocumented and separated from their families for months and even years at a time.When the tsunami struck, many workers disappeared without a trace, while many of those who survived lost identity cards and work permits in the waves. Legal aid services are being provided to these primarily Burmese workers who, without citizenship or other papers, may not otherwise be able to receive available benefits. 4. VIRTUAL VOLUNTEER CENTER HELPS LINK THAI WORKERS WITH PROJECTS PARTNER: Mirror Art Foundation After the tsunami, local organizations were inundated with requests from would-be volunteers, but found themselves so busy with urgent needs that it was difficult for them to effectively match workers with their projects. A new website in Thai and English, www.tsunamivolunteer.net, was created with a small grant from local and international organizations to serve as a clearinghouse for volunteers to describe their skills and availability, and for communities and agencies to post their needs. Mirror Art Foundation, a longtime grantee of The Asia Foundation that previously created a missing person’s web site to return trafficked people, is now able to hire staff to maintain the site and operate an office in Phang-na to match volunteers with needs.
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5. SERVING REMOTE THAI ISLANDS AND THEIR ETHNIC MINORITIES PARTNER: Roong Aron School Foundation Sea gypsies, an ethnic minority in Thailand, have been challenged first by the tsunami that destroyed their homes in the islands of Ko Sai Dam (Black Sand Island) in Ranong Province, as well as Toong Dab, and Pak Jon on Ko Phra Tong (Golden Buddha Island), in Phangnga Province, and again by the relatively limited assistance that has been made available to this remote region.The sea gypsies, however, have an advocate in the Roong Aroon School Foundation (RASF), a leading private school in the Bangkok area, whose teachers, students, and volunteers are helping the islanders rebuild.Through a combination of financial and in-kind donations, RASF is building waste management and recycling facilities, digging new wells, repairing fishing boats, and buying equipment for education and businesses.The villagers also have designed a daycare center in a building that will double as a community center, so their children will be well cared for while they work outside the home. 6. HELP AND HOPE FOR ORPHANS IN THAILAND PARTNER: Holt Sahathai Foundation For nearly 30 years, the Holt Sahathai Foundation (HSF) in Thailand has helped homeless and at-risk children and their families, and since the tsunami, the number of young people in need has increased significantly. In addition to losing parents, family members, homes, assets, and property, many people also lost their very strength and will to continue. Using its experience with integrating social work and community outreach, HSF will provide psychosocial services, nutrition, hygiene, and healthcare, as well as victims rights’ resources to children and their families who hail from the most affected provinces including Ranong, Pang Nga, and Phuket. These comprehensive services will help survivors with all aspects of rebuilding their lives by addressing their physical and mental health needs as well as rehabilitating housing, occupations, and income generation. 7. REBUILDING SCHOOLS FOR ORPHANS PARTNER: Rajaprajanugroh Foundation The Tiger Woods Foundation, with a matching gift from the PGA Tour, contributed to the Tsunami Recovery Fund to support the Holt Sahathai Foundation and the Rajaprajanugroh Foundation, which the golfer was particularly interested in because he is of Thai descent and has met with the royal family.The King of Thailand created the Rajaprajanugroh Foundation more than 30 years ago and its name translates as “mutual help between the King and the people.” Since the tsunami, many children in the southern provinces were orphaned and, without intervention, will not receive needed education.The Rajaprajanugroh Foundation building four schools for children who were orphaned by the disaster in four southern provinces, Takuapa in Phangnga, Krath in Phuket, Ka Panom in Krabi, and the Muang District in Ranong. The schools will provide full room, board, and classes for the children in kindergarten through high school. In addition, the schools will have libraries with computers, multimedia equipment, and high-quality books and reference materials.
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8. BRINGING LOCAL COMMUNITIES INTO THE RECONSTRUCTION PROCESS
PARTNER:The Asia Foundation and local governments
One of the greatest complaints of Thai communities has been that aid and reconstruction have been applied by the central government with a cookie-cutter approach, with little consideration for the particular circumstances of a given village.The application of aid is sometimes so out of touch with the local community that some have abandoned government housing and, drawing on their own resources, returned home.Through a series of moderated trainings, discussions and follow-up consultations,The Asia Foundation is helping community leaders secure the rights and resources that are theirs from both tsunami aid budgets and annual tax dollars allocated to their region. Participants will include equal proportions of government administrators assigned locally, elected officials, and other civic leaders representing charitable organizations, business, and religion. The trainings will focus on eight communities, each made up of five to 15 villages. More than 200 leaders will participate, and the goal is for each community to develop a rebuilding plan that can serve as a guide for the future. Initial workshops have identified several priorities for local communities: legal aid, land ownership dispute resolution, problems accessing all manner of tsunami aid, environmental impacts during rebuilding, and special groups such as children, youth, Muslim women, and migrant workers. 9. THE IMPACT OF A SINGLE BOAT SHED
PARTNER: Roong Aroon School Foundation
This grant was made possible with the warm and gracious support of an engaged couple who offered their guests, instead of standard wedding favors, a chance to join them in helping a fishing community in southern Thailand.Their wedding favor budget allowed a village to construct a boat shed and to purchase materials to build one boat and part of another.These boats are made available to local fishermen through a lease arrangement that gives them full ownership of the boat over time.The shed has also produced other boats and is helping the steady return of fishing income to the community. 10. GREENING THE HOTEL INDUSTRY IN POST-TSUNAMI THAILAND
PARTNER:The Asia Foundation and the Green Leaf Foundation
In popular tourist areas of southern Thailand, rapid and unregulated growth severely degraded the surrounding coastal habitat even before the tsunami. Protective natural barriers such as mangrove forests and coral reefs were destroyed as massive resorts took over the coastal landscape and drained the area of its natural resources.These same areas also suffered some of the worst damages during the tsunami disaster.The Asia Foundation (TAF) and the Green Leaf Foundation (GLF) are supporting 20 resorts in their participation in the Green Leaf Program, which will help these resorts to improve their environmental performance, conserve resources and reduce waste. GLF and TAF are coordinating a series of workshops and providing technical assistance so that these resorts can develop cost-effective strategies to reduce environmental impact and earn their first Green Leaf certificate. Funded by the G2A Tsunami Recovery Fund and AIG Inc., this greening of the tourist trade in southern Thailand will result in a better and healthier environment, and draw more tourists and further enhance the economic prosperity of the region. | 24 |
I. GIFTS AND PLEDGES II. ACTIVITIES AND GRANTS INDONESIA
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16, 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.
Mobilizing Hundreds of Skilled Volunteers to Provide Immediate Aid New Radio Network Connects People Across Aceh Disaster Management Expert Advises on Emergency Response in Banda Aceh Teachers Help Children in Aceh Cope with Post-Tsunami Trauma Encouraging Local Input and Participation in the Reconstruction Including Women's Voices in Aceh's Reconstruction Investing in Long-term Accountability and the Fight Against Corruption Building Muhammadiyah's Capacity in Aceh Thousands of Sick and Injured in Aceh Receive Urgent Medical Care Emergency Education in Camps Keeps Kids Learning Evaluating the Success of Reconstruction in Aceh Improving Access to Legal Information and Solutions Bolstering the Small Businesses and Sustainability of Aceh's Boarding Schools Creating Connections and Knowledge Transfer between Aceh and Yogyakarta Schools Rebuilding Women's Lives and Families with Soy Bean Entrepreneurship Tsunami Orphans Skills Center and Youth Hostel Better Days for 100 of Aceh's Orphans Toward Aceh’s First Radio News Agency Rebuilding University Library through Online Digitization Project Capacity Building for Teacher's in Aceh through a Teacher's Exchange Program Writing a Role for Women in Reconstruction Bringing Hope to Street Children and Children At Risk TOTAL
27,751 38,900 8,020 83,693 23,093 32,693 233,025 104,635 83,012 56,350 128,669 86,912 33,122 32,600 40,000 273,000 88,935 20,462 81,834 24,395 36,659 46,367 $1,584,127
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
Relief for Tsunami Survivors Provided by Interfaith Coalition Replacing Thousands of "A Level" Study Notes for Students Facing a June Test Date Grants Help Revive Small Businesses Mental Health Services for Communities Traumatized by War and Disaster The New Marvell-Sarvodaya Vocational Education Center The Recovery of Arts, Culture and Tourism Restarting and Improving the Handloom Industry in Amparai Restore Employment for 30 Tailors and Mat Weavers Stepping in to Aid Orphans and the Staff of Closed Restaurants and Hotels Using Local Input to Guide Reconstruction Investments in Communities Helping Child Survivors Through the Arts & Performance TOTAL
76,248 8,116 307,027 2,030 500,000 16,100 41,142 30,485 20,000 202,529 10,270 $1,213,947
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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.
Special Delivery of Relief Supplies to Remote Areas New Business Opportunities for India's Fishing Communities Building Boats Provides Jobs on Land and at Sea Widows Find New Self-Sufficiency in Textiles and Fish Drying Small Loans Help Women Build New Businesses Nonprofit Ice Plant Keeps Local Fishermen Wares Fresh Reclaiming Land from the Sea, Acre by Acre and Pond by Pond Rights and Freedoms for Bonded Laborers in the Fishing Villages Safe and Modern Shelter for Dalits, India's Most Vulnerable and Underserved Dalit Small Enterprise Program for 500 Women New School Built in Remote Islands to Honor Tsunami Victim Capacity Building in Tsunami-Affected Regions Building Long-term Security for Affected Fishing Communities Helping Young Women in India Become Certified Medical Professionals TOTAL
15,000 20,000 100,000 65,000 90,000 55,814 33,000 49,500 47,000 36,500 20,000 5,000 47,620 4,964 $589,398
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Free Family Law Services for Complex Legal Cases Database of Victims Helps Identify the Missing and Dead Legal Aid for Migrant Workers Virtual Volunteer Center Helps Link Thai Workers with Projects Serving Remote Thai Islands and their Ethnic Minorities Help and Hope for Orphans in Thailand Rebuilding Schools for Orphans Bringing Local Communities into the Reconstruction Process The Impact of a Single Boat Shed Greening the Hotel Industry in Post-Tsunami Thailand TOTAL SUBTOTAL OF ACTIVITIES
27,333 19,611 19,003 18,530 55,000 95,000 119,827 76,777 4,750 10,776 $446,607 $3,834,079 $185,448 $0
III.GIVE2ASIA ADMINISTRATION COSTS IV.REMAINING TSUNAMI RECOVERY FUND BALANCE
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NOTE ON FUND ADMINISTRATION The Tsunami Recovery Fund is overseen by a special committee of the Give2Asia Board of Trustees. Extensive due diligence is conducted by local staff before all grantees are approved, and monitoring and reporting, and often site visits, are a part of every grant. Grants from the Fund are made in two ways: directly to qualified local charitable organizations, and via The Asia Foundation, our founder and program partner, when circumstance and objective require the additional attention to program design, administration, and extra oversight offered by the Foundation. The administration fee for the Tsunami Recovery Fund depends on the mix of grants and is approximately 5 percent.This supports Give2Asia donor relations, gift processing, grant administration and oversight, and Fund reporting.When the grantee is The Asia Foundation, Give2Asia waives this fee. (The indirect cost rate for the Foundation, a top-rated charity, is 14 percent. However, to encourage private support for tsunami aid, the Foundation has subsidized its rate to bring it down to 5 percent.) Separate administration fees apply to tsunami-related donor advised funds and other Give2Asia activities. For more information on the Fund’s administration, please contact Give2Asia or review the Frequently Asked Questions on www.give2asia.org.
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Everyone who contributed to the G2A Tsunami Recovery Fund helped make these projects a successful part of the recovery process in India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand.We would like to recognize a few of the leading organizations that contributed to this fund:
The Avon Foundation Capital Group Companies Emmis Communications Ethicon, Inc. Lam Research Corporation McAfee, Inc. National Semiconductor Corporation PGA Tour Charities Inc. Synopsys, Inc. The Tiger Woods Foundation Xilinx, Inc.
Give2Asia, a U.S. nonprofit organization established by The Asia Foundation, increases the quality and quantity of charitable investments in Asia by providing personalized services to donors and nonprofit organizations. Give2Asia gives individuals, families, corporations, and foundations tools to fulfill their charitable goals in Asia.The Tsunami Recovery Fund was created to address urgent needs that have arisen since the disaster struck in India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand. In addition to the Tsunami Recovery Fund, Give2Asia offers a flexible menu of philanthropic services that allow those who care about Asia to fully realize their charitable goals. Based in the U.S. and Canada and with access to a comprehensive network of offices and advisors from Afghanistan to Vietnam, Give2Asia makes giving overseas convenient, tax deductible, and effective, ensuring that your support has the desired impact and is well accounted for. Our services include facilitating grants to approved charitable organizations that you identify, custom program research in areas and countries that you choose, Greatest Needs projects selected by local experts, and donor advised funds for flexibly managing your philanthropy for Asia. For more information on Give2Asia and its philanthropic services please visit www.give2asia.org
Founded by The Asia Foundation to| promote philanthropy to Asia | 28
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