List of Latin phrases (full

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Jump to: navigation, search Look up Category:Latin derivations in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases. Some of the phrases are themselves translations of Greek phrases, as Greek rhetoric and literature reached its peak centuries before that of ancient Rome. This list is a combination of the twenty divided "List of Latin phrases" pages, for users who have no trouble loading large pages and prefer a single page to scroll or search through. The content of the list cannot be edited here, and is kept automatically in sync with the separate lists through the use of transclusion. Contents A B C D E F G H I L M N O P Q R S T U V References

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Latin a bene placito Notes Or "at will", "at one's pleasure". This phrase, and its from one who has Italian (beneplacito) and Spanish (beneplácito) been pleased well derivatives, are synonymous with the more common ad libitum (at pleasure). Or "from heaven all the way to the center of the earth". In law, can refer to the obsolete cuius est solum eius from the sky to the est usque ad coelum et ad inferos maxim of property center ownership ("for whoever owns the soil, it is theirs up to the sky and down to the depths"). From top to bottom; all the way through (colloquially from head to heel "from head to toe"). Equally a pedibus usque ad caput. Equivalent to "on the contrary" or "au contraire". An argumentum a contrario is an "argument from the from the opposite contrary", an argument or proof by contrast or direct opposite. since Deucalion A long time ago. From Gaius Lucilius (Satires, 6, 284) Loosely, "even more so" or "with even stronger from the stronger reason". Often used to lead from a less certain Translation

a coelo usque ad centrum

a capite ad calcem

a contrario a Deucalione a fortiori

proposition to a more evident corollary. From Psalm 72:8, "Et dominabitur a mari usque ad mare, et a flumine usque ad terminos terrae" (KJV: a mari usque ad from sea to sea "He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and mare from the river unto the ends of the earth"). National motto of Canada. Completely. Similar to the English expressions "from a pedibus usque ad from feet to head tip to toe" or "from top to toe". Equally a capite ad caput calcem. See also ab ovo usque ad mala. from being able to "From possibility to actuality" or "from being possible a posse ad esse being to being actual" Based on observation (i.e., empirical knowledge), the reverse of a priori. Used in mathematics and logic to from the latter denote something that is known after a proof has been a posteriori carried out. In philosophy, used to denote something that can be known from empirical experience. Presupposed, the reverse of a posteriori. Used in mathematics and logic to denote something that is known or postulated before a proof has been carried from the former out. In philosophy, used to denote something that can a priori be known without empirical experience. In everyday speech, it denotes something occurring or being known before the event. Said of an argument that seeks to prove a statement's validity by pointing out the absurdity of an opponent's position (cf. appeal to ridicule) or that an assertion is from the absurd ab absurdo false because of its absurdity. Not to be confused with a reductio ad absurdum, which is usually a valid logical argument. Inferences regarding something's use from its misuse ab abusu ad usum a consequence from an abuse to a are invalid. Rights abused are still rights (cf. abusus non valet use is not valid non tollit usum). consequentia Literally, "from the everlasting" or "from eternity". Thus, "from time immemorial", "since the beginning from the eternal of time" or "from an infinitely remote time in the ab aeterno past". In theology, often indicates something, such as the universe, that was created outside of time. from the ancient From ancient times. ab antiquo from the letters Or, having to do with correspondence. ab epistulis A legal term meaning "from without". From external from beyond sources, rather than from the self or the mind (ab ab extra intra). Often rendered abhinc (which in Latin means simply from here on ab hinc "since" or "ago").

More literally, "from the deepest chest". Attributed to from the bottom of Julius Caesar. Can mean "with deepest affection" or my heart "sincerely". New Latin for "based on unsuitability", "from inconvenience" or "from hardship". An argumentum ab inconvenienti is one based on the difficulties from an involved in pursuing a line of reasoning, and is thus a ab inconvenienti inconvenient thing form of appeal to consequences; it refers to a rule in law that an argument from inconvenience has great weight. Thus, "from the beginning" or "from infancy". Incunabula is commonly used in English to refer to the from the cradle earliest stage or origin of something, and especially to ab incunabulis copies of books that predate the spread of the printing press around AD 1500. "At the outset", referring to an inquiry or investigation. In literature, refers to a story told from the beginning rather than in medias res (from the middle). In law, refers to something being the case from the start or from the instant of the act, rather than from when the from the beginning Ab initio court declared it so. A judicial declaration of the invalidity of a marriage ab initio is a nullity. In science, refers to the first principles. In other contexts, often refers to beginner or training courses. Ab initio mundi means "from the beginning of the world". From someone who dies with no legal will (cf. ex from an intestate ab intestato testamento). from within From the inside. The opposite of ab extra. ab intra By a person who is angry. Used in law to describe a decision or action that is detrimental to those it affects and was made based on hatred or anger, rather than on from an angry man ab irato reason. The form irato is masculine; however, this does not mean it applies only to men, rather 'person' is meant, as the phrase probably elides "homo," not "vir." From the origin, beginning, source, or from the source commencement—i.e., "originally". The source of the ab origine word aboriginal. From Horace, Satire 1.3. Means "from beginning to end", based on the Roman main meal typically from the egg to the beginning with an egg dish and ending with fruit (cf. ab ovo usque ad apples the English phrase soup to nuts). Thus, ab ovo means mala "from the beginning", and can also connote thoroughness. ab uno disce omnes from one, learn all From Virgil's Aeneid. Refers to situations where a ab imo pectore

single example or observation indicates a general or universal truth. Visible in the court of King Silas in the TV series Kings. Refers to the founding of Rome, which occurred in 753 BC according to Livy's count. Used as a reference from the city point in ancient Rome for establishing dates, before ab urbe condita having been (a.u.c.) being supplanted by other systems. Also anno urbis founded conditae (a.u.c.) (literally "in the year of the founded city"). from utility Used of an argument. ab utili absens haeres non an absent person In law, refers to the principle that someone who is not will not be an heir present is unlikely to inherit. erit with the defendant In the absence of the accused. absente reo (abs. re.) being absent Expresses the wish that no insult or wrong be let injury by words conveyed by the speaker's words, i.e., "no offense". absit iniuria verbis be absent Also rendered absit injuria verbis; see also absit invidia. Although similar to the English expression "no offense", absit invidia is not a mere social gesture to avoid causing offense, but also a way to ward off the let ill will be harm that some people superstitiously believe absit invidia absent animosity can cause others. Also extended to absit invidia verbo, meaning "may ill will be absent from the word" (cf. absit iniuria verbis). In other words, "let there not be an omen here". let an omen be Expresses the wish that something seemingly illabsit omen absent boding does not turn out to be an omen for future events, and calls on divine protection against evil. absolutum absolute dominion Total power or sovereignty. dominium A legal term said by a judge acquitting a defendant following a trial. Te absolvo or absolvo te, translated, I acquit "I forgive you," said by Roman Catholic priests during absolvo the Sacrament of Confession prior to the Second Vatican Council. abundans cautela abundant caution Thus, one can never be too careful; even excessive does no harm precautions don't hurt anyone. non nocet An axiom stating that just because something can be, misuse does not or has been, abused, does not mean that it must be, or abusus non tollit remove use always is. Abuse does not, in itself, justify denial of usum use deep calleth unto From Psalms 42:7; some translations have 'Sea calls to abyssus abyssum deep sea'. invocat

accusare nemo se debet nisi coram Deo accipe hoc

no one ought to accuse himself except in the Presence of God Take this

mortal actions acta deos numquam never deceive the mortalia fallunt gods

A legal maxim denoting that any accused person is entitled to make a plea of not guilty, and also that a witness is not obliged to give a response or submit a document that will incriminate himself. A very similar phrase is nemo tenetur seipsum accusare. Motto of 848 Naval Air Squadron, Royal Navy. Ovid's Tristia 1.2.97. Also translated as "Mortal acts never fool the gods".[1]
"Yet if mortal actions never deceive the gods, you know that crime was absent from my fault."

acta est fabula plaudite

acta non verba acta sanctorum actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea actus reus

ad absurdum adaequatio intellectûs nostri cum re ad abundantiam ad arbitrium ad astra

A common ending to ancient Roman comedies, also claimed by Suetonius in The Twelve Caesars to have The play has been been Augustus' last words. Applied by Sibelius to the performed; third movement of his String Quartet no. 2 so that his applaud! audience would realize it was the last one, as a fourth would normally be expected. Motto of the United States Merchant Marine Deeds, not Words Academy. Also used in the singular, Acta Sancti (Deeds of the Deeds of the Saints Saint), preceding a specific Saint's name. A common title of works in hagiography. The act is not A legal term outlining the presumption of mens rea in guilty unless the a crime. mind is also guilty. The actual crime that is committed, rather than the intent or thought process leading up to the crime. guilty act Thus, the external elements of a crime, as contrasted with mens rea, the internal elements. In logic, to the point of being silly or nonsensical. See to the absurd also reductio ad absurdum. Not to be confused with ab absurdo (from the absurd). conformity of our A phrase used in Epistemology regarding the nature of minds to the fact understanding. In legal language, used when providing additional evidence to an already sufficient collection. Also used commonly, as an equivalent of "as if this wasn't enough".

to abundance at will, at pleasure to the stars

Name or motto (in full or part) of many organizations/publications/etc. Motto of Kansas, and other organisations. The phrase to the stars through is also translated as "A rough road leads to the stars", ad astra per aspera difficulty as on the Launch Complex 34 memorial plaque for the

ad astra per alia porci

to the stars on the wings of a pig

ad captandum vulgus

in order to court the crowd

ad eundem

to the same

ad fontes ad fundum

to the sources to the bottom

ad hoc

to this

ad hominem

to the man

ad honorem ad infinitum ad interim (ad int)

to the honor to infinity for the meantime

ad kalendas graecas

to the Greek Kalends

ad libitum (ad lib)

toward pleasure

astronauts of Apollo 1. A favorite saying of John Steinbeck. A professor told him that he would be an author when pigs flew. Every book he wrote is printed with this insignia. To do something to appeal to the masses. Often used of politicians who make false or insincere promises to appeal to popular interest. An argumentum ad captandum is an argument designed to please the crowd. An ad eundem degree, from the Latin ad eundem gradum (to the same step" or "to the same degree), is a courtesy degree awarded by one university or college to an alumnus of another. It is not an honorary degree, but a recognition of the formal learning that earned the degree at another college. A motto of Renaissance humanism. Also used in the Protestant Reformation. Said during a generic toast, equivalent to "bottoms up!" In other contexts, generally means "back to the basics". Generally means "for this", in the sense of improvised on the spot or designed for only a specific, immediate purpose. Connotations of "against the man". Typically used in argumentum ad hominem, a logical fallacy consisting of criticizing a person when the subject of debate is the person's ideas or argument, on the mistaken assumption that the validity of an argument is to some degree dependent on the qualities of the proponent. Generally means "for the honor", not seeking any material reward. Going on forever. Used to designate a property which repeats in all cases in mathematical proof. As in the term "chargé d'affaires ad interim" for a diplomatic officer who acts in place of an ambassador. Attributed by Suetonius in The Twelve Caesars to Augustus. The phrase means "never" and is similar to phrases like "when pigs fly". The Kalends (also written Calends) were specific days of the Roman calendar, not of the Greek, and so the "Greek Kalends" would never occur. Loosely, "according to what pleases" or "as you wish"; libitum comes from the past participle of libere, "to please". It typically indicates in music and theatrical

ad litem

to the lawsuit

ad lucem ad maiorem Dei gloriam (AMDG) ad meliora ad mortem

to the light To the greater glory of God Towards better things To death

scripts that the performer has the liberty to change or omit something. Ad lib is specifically often used when someone improvises or ignores limitations. A legal term referring to a party appointed by a court to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party who is deemed incapable of representing himself. An individual who acts in this capacity is called a guardian ad litem. Motto of Oxford High School (Oxford), the University of Lisbon, Withington Girls' School and St. Bartholomew's School, Newbury, UK Motto of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). Edward Elgar dedicated his oratorio The Dream of Gerontius "A.M.D.G." Often rendered ad majorem Dei gloriam. motto of St. Patrick's College, Cavan, Ireland

used in medical contexts as a synonym for death Expresses a wish for a long life. Similar to the English To many years! ad multos annos expression "Many happy returns!" Literally, "to the point of nausea". Sometimes used as a humorous alternative to ad infinitum. An to the point of argumentum ad nauseam is a logical fallacy involving ad nauseam disgust basing one's argument on prolonged repetition, i.e., repeating something so much that people are "sick of it". With your own Meaning "obvious on sight" or "obvious to anyone that ad oculos eyes. sees it". to the foot of the Thus, "exactly as it is written". Similar to the English ad pedem litterae letter idiom "to the letter", meaning "to the last detail". Generally precedes "of" and a person's name, and is to the perpetual ad perpetuam used to wish for someone to be remembered long after memory memoriam death. More loosely, "considering everything's weight". The abbreviation was historically used by physicians and ad pondus omnium to the weight of all others to signify that the last prescribed ingredient is to (ad pond om) things weigh as much as all of the previously mentioned ones. Meaning "according to the harm" or "in proportion to the harm". The phrase is used in tort law as a measure of damages inflicted, implying that a remedy, if one ad quod damnum to what damage exists, ought to correspond specifically and only to the damage suffered (cf. damnum absque iniuria). ad referendum to that which must Loosely "subject to reference", meaning that
(ad ref)

be brought back

ad rem ad terminum qui praeteriit ad undas

to the matter

something has been approved provisionally, but must still receive official approval. Not necessarily related to a referendum. Thus, "to the point". Without digression.
Thank you for your concise, ad rem response.

ad usum Delphini

for the term which A legal term for a writ of entry ad terminum qui has passed praeteriit [for the term which has passed].[2] to the waves Equivalent to "to hell". Said of a work that has been expurgated of offensive or improper parts. The phrase originates from editions for the use of the of Greek and Roman classics which Louis XIV had Dauphin censored for his heir apparent, the Dauphin. Also rarely in usum Delphini (into the use of the Dauphin).

ad usum proprium for one's own use
(ad us. propr.)

Also the motto of Lund University, with the implied prepared for either alternatives being the book (study) and the sword alternative (defending the country in war). According to an object's value. Used in commerce to to the value refer to ad valorem taxes, taxes based on the assessed ad valorem value of real estate or personal property. More commonly translated into "for victory" this is a to victory ad victoriam battlecry of the Romans. Also "to life everlasting". A common Biblical phrase. ad vitam aeternam to eternal life for life or until ad vitam aut Usually used of a term of office. fault culpam An item to be added, especially a supplement to a thing to be added addendum book. The plural is addenda. correspondence of One of the definitions of the truth. When the mind has adequatio the mind and the same form as reality, we think truth. Also found as intellectus et rei reality adequatio rei et intellectus. Equivalent to "Present!" or "Here!" The opposite of I am here adsum absum (I am absent). adversus solem ne Don't speak against I.e., don't argue the obvious the sun loquitor a sick man's From Horace, Ars Poetica, 7. Loosely, "troubled aegri somnia dreams dreams". Justice or equality aequitas "of age" / "aged" Abbreviation of "aetatis"; even more abbreviated (and (in the sense of: more common): "aet." – e.g.: "aetat 36" = "36 years aetat "age: ...) old"/ "aet. 34" = "34 years old" Thus, "at the age of". Appeared on portraits, of his own age aetatis suae gravestones, etc. Sometimes extended to anno aetatis ad utrumque paratus

suae (AAS), "in the year of his age". Sometimes shortened to just aetatis or aetat (aet.).
The tomb reads Anno 1629 Aetatis Suae 46 because she died in 1629 at age 46.

a falsis principiis proficisci affidavit age quod agis

from false principles he asserted Do what you are doing.

Legal term from Cicero's De Finibus 4.53. A legal term from Medieval Latin referring to a sworn statement. From fides, "faith". More often translated as "Do well whatever you do", this phrase is used as the motto of several Catholic schools. Originally comparable to a to-do list, an ordered list of things to be done. Now generalized to include any planned course of action. The singular, agendum (thing that must be done), is rarely used. Metaphysical and moral principle that indicates the connection among ontology, obligation and ethics.[3] "We act according to what we believe (ourselves to be)".[3] Latin translation from John 1:36, where John the Baptist exclaims "Ecce Agnus Dei!" (Behold the Lamb of God!) upon seeing Jesus, referring both to a lamb's connotations of innocence and to a sacrificial lamb. Said by Julius Caesar upon crossing the Rubicon in 49 BC, according to Suetonius. The original meaning was roughly equivalent to the English phrase "the game is afoot", but its modern meaning, like that of the phrase "crossing the Rubicon", denotes passing the point of no return on a momentous decision and entering into a risky endeavor where the outcome is left to chance.

agenda agere sequitur (esse) agere sequitur credere Agnus Dei

things to be done action follows being action follows belief Lamb of God

alea iacta est

the die has been cast

Let learning be alenda lux ubi orta cherished where The motto of Davidson College. libertas liberty has arisen. An assumed name or pseudonym. Similar to alter ego, otherwise but more specifically referring to a name, not to a alias "second self". A legal defense where a defendant attempts to show that he was elsewhere at the time a crime was elsewhere alibi committed.
His alibi is sound; he gave evidence that he was in another city on the night of the murder.

alis aquilae

taken from the Book of Isaiah, Chapter 40. "But those on an eagle's wings who wait for the Lord shall find their strength renewed, they shall mount up on wings like eagles,

they shall run and not grow weary, they shall walk and not grow faint." nothing is heavy to motto of the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio those who have alis grave nil de Janeiro wings State motto of Oregon; adopted in 1987, it replaced she flies with her "The Union", which was the previous state motto alis volat propriis own wings adopted in 1957. rather big aliquantus not that big aliquantulus something stands aliquid stat pro A foundational definition for semiotics for something else aliquo Term used for the university one attends or has attended. Another university term, matriculation, is also derived from mater. The term suggests that the nourishing mother alma mater students are "fed" knowledge and taken care of by the university. The term is also used for a university's traditional school anthem. Another self, a second persona or alias. Can be used to describe different facets or identities of a single other I character, or different characters who seem alter ego representations of the same personality. Often used of a fictional character's secret identity. Final sentence from Aesop ascribed fable (see also Aesop's Fables) "The Frogs Who Desired a King" as Let no man belong appears in the collection commonly known as the alterius non sit qui to another that can "Anonymus Neveleti" (fable XXIb. De ranis a Iove suus esse potest belong to himself querentibus regem). Motto of Paracelsus. Usually attributed to Cicero. to not wound alterum non One of Justinian I's three basic legal precepts. another laedere alumnus or graduate or former student of a school, college or pupil university alumna An adviser, or a person who can obtain or grant access to the favour of powerful group, like a Roman Curia. friend of the court In current U.S. legal usage, an amicus curiae is a third amicus curiae party allowed to submit a legal opinion (in the form of an amicus brief) to the court. An obsolete legal term signifying the forfeiture of the to lose the law of amittere legem right of swearing in any court or cause, or to become the land terrae infamous. love is the essence amor est vitae As said by Robert B. Mackay, Australian Analyst. of life essentia

amor et melle et felle est fecundissmismus amor fati amor omnibus idem amor patriae amor vincit omnia anglice anno (an.)

love is rich with both honey and venom love of fate love is the same for all love of one's country love conquers all in English in the year Nietzscheian alternative world view to memento mori [remember you must die]. Nietzsche believed amor fati to be more life affirming. from Virgil's Georgics III. Patriotism. written on bracelet worn by the Prioress in Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales See also: Love Conquers All Used before the anglicized version of a word or name. For example "Terra Mariae, anglice, Maryland". Also used in such phrases as anno urbis conditae (see ab urbe condita), Anno Domini, and anno regni. Short for Anno Domini Nostri Iesus Christi (in the Year of Our Lord Jesus Christ), the predominantly used system for dating years across the world, used with the Gregorian calendar, and based on the perceived year of the birth of Jesus Christ. The years before Jesus' birth were once marked with a.C.n (Ante Christum Natum, Before Christ was Born), but now use the English abbreviation BC (Before Christ) or B.C.E. (Before the Common Era).
Augustus Caesar was born in the year 63 BC, and died AD 14.

Anno Domini (A.D.)

in the Year of the Lord

anno regni Annuit cœptis

In the year of the reign

Precedes "of" and the current ruler.

annus horribilis

annus mirabilis

Motto on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United He approves [our] States and on the back of the United States one-dollar undertakings bill. A recent pun on annus mirabilis, first used by Queen Queen Elizabeth II to describe what a bad year 1992 had been for her, and subsequently occasionally used horrible year to refer to many other years perceived as "horrible". In Classical Latin, this phrase would actually mean "terrifying year". See also annus terribilis. Used particularly to refer to the years 1665–1666, during which Isaac Newton made revolutionary inventions and discoveries in calculus, motion, optics wonderful year and gravitation. Annus Mirabilis is also the title of a poem by John Dryden written in the same year. It has since been used to refer to other years, especially to

annus terribilis

dreadful year

ante bellum ante cibum (a.c.)

before the war before food

ante litteram

before the letter

1905, when Albert Einstein made equally revolutionary discoveries concerning the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion and the special theory of relativity. (See Annus Mirabilis papers) Used to describe 1348, the year the Black Death began to afflict Europe. As in "status quo ante bellum", "as it was before the war". Commonly used in the Southern United States as antebellum to refer to the period preceding the American Civil War. Medical shorthand for "before meals". Said of an expression or term that describes something which existed before the phrase itself was introduced or became common.
Alan Turing was a computer scientist ante litteram, since the field of "computer science" was not yet recognized in Turing's day.

ante meridiem (a.m.) before midday before death ante mortem ante prandium (a.p.) before lunch apparatus criticus aqua (aq.) aqua fortis aqua pura aqua regia critical apparatus water strong water pure water royal water

The period from midnight to noon (cf. post meridiem). See post mortem (after death). Used on pharmaceutical prescriptions to denote "before a meal". Less common is post prandium, "after lunch". Textual notes. A list of other readings relating to a document, especially in a scholarly edition of a text. Refers to nitric acid. Or "clear water", "clean water". refers to a mixture of hydrochloric acid and nitric acid. "Spirit of Wine" in many English texts. Used to refer to various native distilled beverages, such as whisky (uisge beatha) in Scotland and Ireland, gin in Holland, brandy (eau de vie) in France, and akvavit in Scandinavia. A noble or important person doesn't deal with insignificant issues. From Gerhard Gerhards' (1466–1536) [better known as Erasmus] collection of annotated Adagia (1508). Wasted labour. One who prescribes, rules on, or is a recognized authority on matters of social behavior and taste. Said of Petronius. Also sometimes found in the singular, arbiter elegantiae (judge of taste). An opaque circle around the cornea of the eye, often seen in elderly people.

aqua vitae

water of life

aquila non capit muscas arare litus

an eagle doesn't catch flies to plough the seashore

arbiter elegantiarum arcus senilis

judge of tastes

senile bow

Argentum album

white money

arguendo

for arguing

Also "silver coin". Mentioned in the Domesday Book, signifies bullion, or silver uncoined. For the sake of argument. Said when something is done purely in order to discuss a matter or illustrate a point.
Let us assume, arguendo, that your claim is correct.

argumentum

argument

ars [est] celare artem

art [is] to conceal art

ars gratia artis

art for art's sake

ars longa vita brevis

art is long, life is short by art and by labour Friends of Czech Arts an ass to the lyre

Or "reasoning", "inference", "appeal", "proof". The plural is argumenta. Commonly used in the names of logical arguments and fallacies, preceding phrases such as a silentio (by silence), ad antiquitatem (to antiquity), ad baculum (to the stick), ad captandum (to capturing), ad consequentiam (to the consequence), ad crumenam (to the purse), ad feminam (to the woman), ad hominem (to the person), ad ignorantiam (to ignorance), ad judicium (to judgment), ad lazarum (to poverty), ad logicam (to logic), ad metum (to fear), ad misericordiam (to pity), ad nauseam (to nausea), ad novitatem (to novelty), ad personam (to the character), ad numerum (to the number), ad odium (to spite), ad populum (to the people), ad temperantiam (to moderation), ad verecundiam (to reverence), ex silentio (from silence), in terrorem (into terror), and e contrario (from/to the opposite). An aesthetic ideal that good art should appear natural rather than contrived. Of medieval origin, but often incorrectly attributed to Ovid.[4] Translated into Latin from Baudelaire's "L'art pour l'art". Motto of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. This phrasing is a direct translation of 'art for the sake of art.' While very symmetrical for the MGM logo, the better Latin word order is 'Ars artis gratia.' The Latin translation by Seneca (De Brevitate Vitae, 1.1) of a phrase from Hippocrates, often used out of context. The "art" referred to in the original aphorism was the craft of medicine, which took a lifetime to acquire. motto of Blackburn Rovers F.C. Award of the Minister of Culture of the Czech Republic for the promotion of the positive reputation of Czech culture abroad. From Gerhard Gerhards' (1466–1536) [better known as Erasmus] collection of annotated Adagia (1508). An awkward or incompetent individual.

arte et labore Artis Bohemiae Amicis asinus ad lyram

the jackass rubs the jackass the assured does assecuratus non not seek profit but quaerit lucrum sed just indemnity for agit ne in damno sit the loss slander boldly, audacter calumniare, semper something always sticks aliquid haeret asinus asinum fricat auctoritas audax at fidelis audeamus authority bold but faithful let us dare

Used to describe two people lavishing excessive praise on one another. Refers to the insurance principle that the indemnity cannot be larger than the loss.

from Francis Bacon, De Augmentis Scientiarum (1623) Referred to the general level of prestige a person had in Ancient Roman society. Motto of Queensland. Motto of Otago University Students' Association, a direct response to the university's motto of sapere aude (dare to be wise). State motto of Alabama, adopted in 1923. Translated into Latin from a paraphrase of the stanza "Men who their duties know / But know their rights, and knowing, dare maintain" from the poem "What Constitutes a State?" by 18th-century author William Jones. From Virgil, Aeneid X, 284 (where the first word is in the archaic form audentis). Allegedly the last words of Pliny the Elder before he left the docks at Pompeii to rescue people from the eruption of Vesuvius in 79. Often quoted as audaces fortuna iuvat. Also the motto of the Portuguese Army Commandos, and the USS Montpelier (SSN-765) in the latter form. motto of Tottenham Hotspur F.C. A legal principle of fairness. Also worded as audiatur et altera pars (let the other side be heard too). Motto of 845 NACS Royal Navy Motto of Security Information Service of the Czech Republic From Horace's Odes II, 10. Refers to the ethical goal of reaching a virtuous middle ground between two sinful extremes. The golden mean concept is common to many philosophers, chiefly Aristotle. From Virgil, Aeneid 3,57. Later quoted by Seneca as "quod non mortalia pectora coges, auri sacra fames": "What aren't you able to bring men to do, miserable hunger for gold!" A common ancient proverb, this version from Terence.

audemus jura nostra defendere

we dare to defend our rights

audentes fortuna iuvat

fortune favors the bold

audere est facere audi alteram partem audio hostem audi, vide, tace

to dare is to do hear the other side I hear the enemy hear, see, be silent

aurea mediocritas

golden mean

auri sacra fames auribus teneo

accursed hunger for gold I hold a wolf by

lupum

the ears

aurora australis

aurora borealis aurum potestas est auspicium melioris aevi aut Caesar aut nihil

aut concilio aut ense aut pax aut bellum aut viam inveniam aut faciam aut vincere aut mori ave atque vale

ave Caesar morituri te salutant

ave Europa nostra vera Patria Ave Maria

Indicates that one is in a dangerous situation where both holding on and letting go could be deadly. A modern version is "To have a tiger by the tail." The Southern Lights, an aurora that appears in the Southern Hemisphere. It is less well-known than the southern dawn Northern Lights, or aurorea borealis. The Aurora Australis is also the name of an Antarctic icebreaker ship. The Northern Lights, an aurora that appears in the northern dawn Northern Hemisphere. Motto of the fictional Fowl family in the Artemis Fowl gold is power series, written by Eoin Colfer hope of a better Motto of Raffles Institution, a secondary school in age Singapore. Indicates that the only valid possibility is to be either Caesar or emperor, or a similarly prominent position. More nothing generally, "all or nothing". Adopted by Cesare Borgia as a personal motto. Thus, either through reasoned discussion or through either by meeting war. A former motto of Chile, replaced by post or by the sword tenebras lux. either peace or war The motto of the Gunn Clan. Either I shall find a way, or I shall Hannibal. make one A general pledge of "victory or death". Motto of the either to conquer Higgenbotham, and Higginbottom families of Cheshire or to die England; participants in the War of the Roses.– cf. victoria aut mors. From Catullus, carmen 101, addressed to his deceased Hail and farewell! brother. From Suetonius' The Twelve Caesars, Claudius 21. The traditional greeting of gladiators prior to battle. Hail, Caesar! The morituri is also translated as "we who are about to die" ones who are about based on the context in which it was spoken, and this to die salute you! translation is sometimes aided by changing the Latin to nos morituri te salutamus. Also rendered with imperator instead of Caesar. Hail, Europe, our Anthem of Pan-Europeanists. true Fatherland! Roman Catholic a prayer of intercession asking Mary, Hail, Mary the mother of Jesus to pray for the petitioner.

[edit] B
Notes From Gerhard Gerhards' (1466–1536) [better known as wise as far as the barba tenus Erasmus] collection of annotated Adagia (1508). In beard sapientes appearance wise, but not necessarily so. A common name in the Roman Catholic Church for Mary, the mother of Jesus. The genitive, Beatae Mariae Blessed Virgin Beata Virgo Virginis (BMV), occurs often as well, appearing with Mary Maria (BVM) such words as horae (hours), litaniae (litany) and officium (office). beatae memoriae of blessed memory See in memoriam. Vulgate, Matthew 5:3. The full quote is "beati pauperes Blessed in spirit spiritu quoniam ipsorum est regnum caelorum" ("Blessed beati pauperes [are] the poor. in spirit [are] the poor, for theirs is the kingdom of the spiritu heavens" - one of the Beatitudes). blessed [are] those Translated from Euripides. beati possidentes who possess beatus homo qui blessed is the man from Proverbs 3:13; set to music in a 1577 motet of the invenit who finds wisdom same name by Orlando di Lasso. sapientiam Originally from Ovid, Heroides 13.84,[5] where Laodamia is writing to her husband Protesilaus who is at the Trojan War. She begs him to stay out of danger, but let others wage he was in fact the first Greek to die at Troy. Also used of bella gerant alii war Protesilaus amet! the Habsburg marriages of 1477 and 1496, written as Protesilaus should love! bella gerant alii, tu felix Austria nube (let others wage war; you, fortunate Austria, marry). Said by King Matthias bellum omnium war of all against A phrase used by Thomas Hobbes to describe the state of all nature. contra omnes The war feeds u s ipsu itself t I drink, therefore I bibo ergo sum am he gives twice, Thus a gift that is given quickly without hesitation is bis dat qui cito who gives worth twice as much. dat promptly twice in a day Medical shorthand for "twice a day". bis in die (bid) In other words, "well-intentioned", "fairly". In modern contexts, often has connotations of "genuinely" or in good faith bona fide "sincerely". Bona fides is not the plural (which would be bonis fidebus), but the nominative, and means simply Latin Translation

bona notabilia

bona officia bona patria bona vacantia boni pastoris est tondere pecus non deglubere

good services — vacant goods

"good faith". Opposite of mala fide. In law, if a person dying has goods, or good debts, in another diocese or jurisdiction within that province, besides his goods in the diocese where he dies, amounting to a certain minimum value, he is said to have bona notabilia; in which case, the probat of his will belongs to the archbishop of that province. A nation's offer to mediate in disputes between two other nations. A jury or assize of countrymen, or good neighbors. United Kingdom legal term for ownerless property that passes to The Crown.

It is of a good shepherd to shear Tiberius reportedly said this to his regional commanders, his flock, not to as a warning against taxing the populace excessively. flay them. Or "general welfare". Refers to what benefits a society, bonum commune common good of as opposed to bonum commune hominis, which refers to the community communitatis what is good for an individual. Refers to an individual's happiness, which is not bonum commune common good of a "common" in that it serves everyone, but in that man individuals tend to be able to find happiness in similar hominis things. Pseudo-Latin meaning "baffling puzzle" or "difficult point". John of Cornwall (ca. 1170) was once asked by a scribe what the word meant. It turns out that the original — text said in diebus illis magnis plenæ (in those days there busillis were plenty of great things), which the scribe misread as indie busillis magnis plenæ (in India there were plenty of large busillis).

[edit] C
Latin cacoethes scribendi Caedite eos. Novit enim Dominus qui sunt eius. cadavera vero innumera caetera desunt Notes From Satires of Juvenal. An insatiable urge to write. bad habit of writing Hypergraphia Supposed statement by Abbot Arnaud Amalric before Kill them. For the the massacre of Béziers during the Albigensian Crusade, Lord knows those recorded 30 years later, according to Caesar of who are his. Heisterbach. truly countless Used by the Romans to describe the aftermath of the bodies Battle of the Catalaunian Plains. the rest is missing Translation

calix meus inebrians camera obscura canes pugnaces

my cup makes me drunk dark chamber war dogs or fighting dogs An optical device used in drawing, and an ancestor of modern photography. The source of the word camera.

Refers to a situation where nobody is safe from anybody, each man for himself. a term referring (at least) to some Christian doctrines of the incarnation of the Son of God when it asserts that capable of the humanity is capable of housing full divinity within its capax infiniti infinite finite frame. Related to the Docetic heresy and sometimes a counterpoint to the Reformed 'extracalvinisticum.' So aggrandized as to be beyond practical (earthly) reach or understanding (from Virgil's Aeneid and the shorter caput inter head in the clouds form appears in John Locke's Two Treatises of nubila (condit) Government) Originally an alchemical reference to the dead head or worthless residue left over from a reaction. Also used to Caput mortuum dead head refer to a freeloader or worthless element. It implies a command to love as Christ loved. Motto of Caritas Christi The love of Christ St. Franicis Xavier High School located in West Meadowlark Park, Edmonton. Caritas in Charity in Truth Pope Benedict XVI's third encyclical. Veritate An exhortation to live for today. From Horace, Odes I, 11.8. By far the most common translation is "seize the seize the day day", though carpere normally means something more carpe diem like "pluck", and the allusion here is to picking flowers. The phrase collige virgo rosas has a similar sense. An exhortation to make good use of the night, often used when carpe diem, q.v., would seem absurd, e.g., when seize the night carpe noctem observing a deep sky object or conducting a Messier marathon. From Roman senator Cato the Elder, who ended every speech of his between the second and third Punic Wars with ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam, Carthago delenda Carthage must be literally "For the rest, I am of the opinion that Carthage destroyed est is to be destroyed." Other translations include "In conclusion, I declare that Carthage must be destroyed." and "Furthermore, I move for Carthage to be destroyed." Refers to an incident that is the justification or case for event of war casus belli war. canis canem edit dog eats dog

causa mortis

cause of death especially used by Doctors of Medicine, when they want to warn each other (e.g.: "cave nephrolithiases" in order to warn about side effects of an uricosuric). Spoken aloud in some British public schools by pupils to warn each other of impending authority.

cave

beware!

cave canem cave laborem cave nil vino caveat emptor

The purchaser is responsible for checking whether the goods suit his need. Used when the writer does not vouch for the accuracy of caveat lector a text. Probably a recent alteration of caveat emptor. The person signing a document is responsible for let the signer caveat reading the information about what the document entails beware subscriptor before entering into an agreement. let the seller The person selling goods is responsible for providing caveat venditor beware information about the goods to the purchaser. The user is responsible for checking whether the goods let the user beware caveat utilitor suit his need. let arms yield to the "Let military power yield to civilian power", Cicero, De cedant arma gown Officiis I:77. See also: Toga togae Or simply "faster than cooking asparagus". A variant of more swiftly than celerius quam the Roman phrase velocius quam asparagi coquantur, asparagus is asparagi using a different adverb and an alternate mood and cooked cocuntur spelling of coquere. In law, it is a return made by the sheriff, upon a capias, I got the body or other process to the like purpose; signifying, that he cepi corpus has taken the body of the party. See also habeas corpus. certum est quod It is certain if it is Often used in law when something is not known, but can capable of being be ascertained (e.g. the purchase price on a sale which is certum reddi rendered certain to be determined by a third-party valuer) potest When the reason A rule of law becomes ineffective when the reason for cessante ratione for the law ceases, its application has ceased to exist or does not correspond legis cessat ipsa the law itself to the reality anymore. By Gratian. lex ceases. the rest are missing Also spelled "caetera desunt". cetera desunt Idiomatically translated as "all other things being equal" with other things - that is, disregarding or eliminating the possibility of ceteris paribus equal other factors in a situation. a paper of pardon The form of a pardon for killing another man in selfcharta defence. (see manslaughter) pardonationis se to him who

Beware of the dog beware of work beware of running out of wine let the buyer beware let the reader beware

defendendo charta pardonationis utlagariae Christianos ad leones Christo et Doctrinae Christus nos liberavit Christus Rex circa (c.) or (ca.) circulus in probando circulus vitiosus citius altius fortius clamea admittenda in itinere per atturnatum clausum fregit claves Sancti Petri clavis aurea clerico admittendo clerico capto per statutum mercatorum clerico convicto commisso gaolae

defended himself a paper of pardon to the outlaw [Throw the] Christians to the lions! For Christ and Learning Christ has freed us Christ the King around The form of a pardon of a man who is outlawed. Also called perdonatio utlagariae.

The motto of Furman University. title of volume I, book 5, chapter XI of Les Misérables by Victor Hugo. A Christian title for Jesus. In the sense of "approximately" or "about". Usually used of a date.

Circle made in Circular reasoning. Similar term to circulus vitiosus. testing (a premise) In logic, begging the question, a fallacy involving the presupposition of a proposition in one of the premises vicious circle (see petitio principii). In science, a positive feedback loop. In economics, a counterpart to the virtuous circle. faster, higher, Motto of the modern Olympics. stronger A writ whereby the king of England could command the justice to admit one's claim by an attorney, who being employed in the king's service, cannot come in person. A legal action for trespass to land; so called, because the writ demands the person summoned to answer wherefore he broke the close (quare clausum fregit), i.e., why he entered the plaintiff's land. the keys of Saint Peter Golden key A symbol of the Papacy.

The means of discovering hidden or mysterious meanings in texts, particularly applied in theology and alchemy. In law, a writ directed to the bishop, for the admitting a about to be made a clerk to a benefice upon a ne admittas, tried, and found clerk for the party who procures the writ. In law, a writ for the delivery of a clerk out of prison, who is imprisoned upon the breach of statute merchant. In law, a writ for the delivery of a clerk to his ordinary, that was formerly convicted of felony; by reason that his

in defectu ordinarii deliberando clerico intra sacros ordines constituto non eligendo in officium Codex Iuris Canonici

ordinary did not challenge him according to the privilege of clerks.

In law, a writ directed to the bailiffs, etc., that have thrust a bailiwick or beadleship upon one in holy orders; charging them to release him.

Book of Canon The official code of canon law in the Roman Catholic Law Church (cf. Corpus Iuris Canonici). Those who hurry cross the sea Hexameter by Horace (Epistulae I, 11 v.27). Seneca Caelum non shortens it to Animum debes mutare, non caelum animum mutant change the sky [upon them], not (You must change [your] disposition, not [your] sky) in qui trans mare their souls or state his Letter to Lucilium XXVIII, 1 currunt of mind I think, therefore I A rationalistic argument used by French philosopher cogito ergo sum am. René Descartes to attempt to prove his own existence. interrupted Aborting sexual intercourse prior to ejaculation—the coitus interruptus congress only permitted form of birth control in some religions. congress in the way A medical euphemism for the doggy-style sexual coitus more of beasts position. ferarum Exhortation to enjoy fully the youth, similar to Carpe diem, from De rosis pick, girl, the roses nascentibus (also titled Idyllium de rosis) attributed to Ausonius or Virgil. "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may", 1909, by John William Waterhouse

collige virgo rosas

It is frequently abbreviated comb. nov.. It is used in the combinatio nova new combination life sciences literature when a new name is introduced, e.g. Klebsiella granulomatis comb. nov.. One year with another; on an average. "Common" here communibus "in common years" does not mean "ordinary", but "common to every annis situation" A term frequently used among philosophical and other writers, implying some medium, or mean relation "in common between several places; one place with another; on a communibus locis places" medium. "Common" here does not mean "ordinary", but "common to every situation" generally accepted communis opinio view

compos mentis concordia cum veritate

in control of the mind

Describes someone of sound mind. Sometimes used ironically. Also a legal principle, non compos mentis (not in control of one's faculties), used to describe an insane person.

in harmony with Motto of the University of Waterloo. truth salvation through Motto of Montreal. It is also the Bank of Montreal coat concordia salus harmony of arms and motto. They condemn what they do not understand or They condemnant condemn because quod non they do not intellegunt understand (the quod is ambiguous) A required, indispensable condition. Commonly condicio sine qua condition without mistakenly rendered with conditio ("seasoning" or which not "preserving") in place of condicio ("arrangement" or non "condition"). "compare". Used as an abbreviation in text to confer[6][7] recommend a comparison with another thing (cf. citation confer (cf.) signal). The official name of Switzerland, hence the use of "CH" Helvetian for its ISO country code, ".ch" for its Internet domain, Confoederatio and "CHF" for the ISO three-letter abbreviation of its Helvetica (C.H.) Confederation currency, the Swiss franc. with connected Or "with united powers". Sometimes rendered conjunctis coniunctis viribus strength viribus. An inconsistently applied maxim. See also consuetudo est altera lex (custom is another law) and consuetudo consuetudo pro Custom is kept before the law vincit communem legem (custom overrules the common lege servatur law) The last words of Jesus on the cross in the Latin consummatum It is completed. translation of John 19:30. est Despising the secular world. The monk or philosopher's contemptus scorn for the times rejection of a mundane life and worldly values. saeculi Title of a poem by Lesya Ukrainka; also used in the contra spem hope against hope Pentateuch with reference to Abraham the Patriarch. spero contradiction in contradictio in A word that makes itself impossible terms terminis the opposite is First formulated by Hippocrates to suggest that the contraria cured with the diseases are cured with contrary remedies. Antonym of contrariis opposite similia similibus curantur (the diseases are recovered curantur

with similar remedies.) contra bonos mores contra legem cor ad cor loquitur against good morals against the law heart speaks to heart Offensive to the conscience and to a sense of justice. From Augustine's Confessions, referring to a prescribed method of prayer: having a "heart to heart" with God. Commonly used in reference to a later quote by Cardinal John Henry Newman. A motto of Newman Clubs. (Your choice is between) The Heart (Moral Values, Duty, Loyalty) or Death (to stop exist, to no longer matter, to no longer be respected as person of integrity.)

cor aut mors cor meum tibi offero domine prompte et sincere cor unum

Heart or Death

my heart I offer to you Lord promptly motto of Calvin College and sincerely one heart in the Presence of God A popular school motto. Often used as names for religious and other organisations such as the Pontifical Council Cor Unum. A phrase from Christian theology which summarizes the idea of Christians living in the Presence of, under the authority of, and to the honor and glory of God.

coram Deo coram nobis, coram vobis coram populo coram publico

Corpus Christi

corpus delicti Corpus Iuris Canonici Corpus Iuris Civilis corpus vile corrigenda

in our presence, in Two kinds of writs of error. your presence in the presence of Thus, openly. the people in view of the public The name of a feast in the Roman Catholic Church commemorating the Eucharist. It is also the name of a Body of Christ city in Texas, Corpus Christi, Texas, and a controversial play. The fact that a crime has been committed, a necessary factor in convicting someone of having committed that body of the offence crime; if there was no crime, there can not have been a criminal. Body of Canon The official compilation of canon law in the Roman Law Catholic Church (cf. Codex Iuris Canonici). Body of Civil Law The body of Roman or civil law. worthless body things to be corrected A person or thing fit only to be the object of an experiment.

the corruption of the best is the worst corrupt to the Motto of the fictional Springfield Mayor Office in The extreme Simpsons TV-Show When the republic corruptissima re is at its most Tacitus publica plurimae corrupt the laws are leges most numerous May he love It's the refrain from the 'Pervigilium Veneris', a poem tomorrow who has which describes a three day holiday in the cult of Venus, cras amet qui nunquam amavit; never loved before; located somewhere in Sicily, involving the whole town And may he who in religious festivities joined with a deep sense of nature quique amavit, has loved, love and Venus as the "procreatrix", the life-giving force cras amet tomorrow as well behind the natural world. The first words of the Nicene Creed and the Apostles' Credo in Unum I Believe in One God Creed. Deum A very common misquote of Tertullian's et mortuus est Dei Filius prorsus credibile quia ineptum est (and the Son of God is dead: in short, it is credible because it is unfitting), meaning that it is so absurd to say that God's son has died that it would have to be a matter of belief, I believe it because rather than reason. The misquoted phrase, however, is credo quia it is absurd commonly used to mock the dogmatic beliefs of the absurdum est religious (see fideism). This phrase is commonly shortened to credo quia absurdum, and is also sometimes rendered credo quia impossibile est (I believe it because it is impossible) or, as Darwin used it in his autobiography, credo quia incredibile. May we grow in crescamus in Illo Him through all Motto of Cheverus High School. per omnia things let knowledge crescat scientia grow, let life be Motto of the University of Chicago. vita excolatur enriched State motto of New Mexico, adopted in 1887 as the territory's motto, and kept in 1912 when New Mexico received statehood. Originally from Lucretius' De rerum it grows as it goes crescit eundo natura book VI, where it refers in context to the motion of a thunderbolt across the sky, which acquires power and momentum as it goes. while I live, I trust cruci dum spiro in the cross, Whilst Motto of the Sisters of Loreto (IBVM) and its associated I trust in the Cross schools. fido I have life corruptio optimi pessima corruptus in extremis

cucullus non facit The hood does not William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, Scene I, Act V 48– make the monk 50 monachum "Who benefits?" An adage in criminal investigation which suggests that considering who would benefit from an unwelcome event is likely to reveal who is Good for whom? responsible for that event (cf. cui prodest). Also the cui bono motto of the Crime Syndicate of America, a fictional supervillain group. The opposite is cui malo (Bad for whom?). Short for cui prodest scelus is fecit (for whom the crime for whom it advances, he has done it) in Seneca's Medea. Thus, the cui prodest advances murderer is often the one who gains by the murder (cf. cui bono). First coined by Accursius of Bologna in the 13th cuius est solum Whose the land is, century. A Roman legal principle of property law that is eius est usque ad all the way to the no longer observed in most situations today. Less sky and to the coelum et ad literally, "For whosoever owns the soil, it is theirs up to underworld is his. inferos the sky and down to the depths." The privilege of a ruler to choose the religion of his cuius regio, eius whose region, his subjects. A regional prince's ability to choose his religion people's religion was established at the Peace of religio Augsburg in 1555. cuiusvis hominis est errare, nullius Anyone can err, but Cicero, Philippica XII, 5. nisi insipientis in only the fool persists in his fault errore perseverare. Also "blame" or "guilt". In law, an act of neglect. In fault culpa general, guilt, sin, or a fault. See also mea culpa. with swords and From the Bible. Occurs in Matthew 26:47 and Luke cum gladiis et clubs 22:52. fustibus cum gladio et sale with sword and salt Motto of a well-paid soldier. See salary. cum grano salis with a grain of salt Not to be taken too seriously or as the literal truth. with this, therefore cum hoc ergo fallacy of assuming that correlation implies causation. on account of this propter hoc The standard formula for academic Latin honors in the with praise United States. Greater honors include magna cum laude cum laude and summa cum laude. cum mortuis in with the dead in a Movement from Pictures at an Exhibition by Modest dead language Mussorgsky lingua mortua let all come who by cuncti adsint merit deserve the Motto of University College London. meritaeque most reward expectent

praemia palmae care for the whole Motto of University of Scranton. person An exhortation to physicians, or experts in general, to take care of your deal with their own problems before addressing those of cura te ipsum own self others. The question attributed to Anselm in his work of by this name, wherein he reflects on why the Christ of cur Deus Homo Why the God-Man Christianity must be both fully Divine and fully Human. Often translated "why did God become Man?" An overview of a person's life and qualifications, similar curriculum vitae course of life to a résumé. keeper of morals A censor. custos morum distinguished by its Motto of Western Australia. cygnis insignis swans cygnus inter swan among ducks anates cura personalis

[edit] D
Notes also: Da mihi facta, dabo tibi ius; legal principle based Give me the fact(s), on Roman law; parties should present the facts of a case Da mihi factum, I'll give you the law while the judge rules on the law. Related to iura novit dabo tibi ius curia (the court knows the law). They condemn damnant what they do not quodnon understand intelligunt A Roman custom in which disgraced Romans damnation of damnatio (particularly former Emperors) were pretended to have memory memoriae never existed. A loss that results from no one's wrongdoing. In Roman law, a man is not responsible for unintended, damnum absque damage without consequential injury to another resulting from a lawful injury injuria act. This protection does not necessarily apply to unintended damage by negligence or folly. "with due respect" or "given the Used before disagreeing with someone. data venia excuse" God grants the Motto of Westminster School, a leading British dat deus increase independent school. incrementum Mission given, Motto of Batalhão de Operações Policiais Especiais datum Latin Translation

(BOPE), the elite special forces unit of the military police of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Trespass de bonis asportatis was the traditional name for larceny (wrongful taking of chattels). Inscription on British one-pound coins. Originally on An ornament and a 17th-century coins, it refers to the inscribed edge as a decus et tutamen safeguard protection against the clipping of precious metal. The phrase originally comes from Virgil's Aeneid. The descent into Down the Rabbit Hole (see: Alice's Adventures in descensus in the cave of the Wonderland#Famous lines and expressions. cuniculi cavum rabbit Used in the context of "As we agreed in the meeting d.d. of the date de dato 26th Mai 2006. Said of something that is the actual state of affairs, in contrast to something's legal or official standing, which by deed is described as de jure. De facto refers to the "way de facto things really are" rather than what is "officially" presented as the fact. A clerk makes the declaration De fideli on when with faithfulness appointed, promising to do his or her tasks faithfully as a de fideli servant of the court. regarding the future Usually used in the context of "at a future time" de futuro there is no Less literally "there's no accounting for taste". Likely of de gustibus non disputing about Scholastic origin (see Wiktionary). est disputandum tastes again, a second de integro time "Official", in contrast with de facto. Analogous to "in principle", whereas de facto is to "in practice". In other by law contexts, can mean "according to law", "by right" or de jure "legally". Also commonly written de iure, the classical form. from law to be de lege ferenda passed "from law passed" de lege lata or "by law in force" The law does not The court does not want to bother with small, trivial de minimis non bother with the things. A case must have importance for the court to curat lex smallest things. hear it. See "de minimis not curat praetor". The commander Also "The chief magistrate does not concern himself with trifles." Trivial matters are no concern of a high de minimis non does not bother with the smallest official (cf. aquila non capit muscas, the eagle does not curat praetor things. catch flies). Sometimes rex (the king) or lex (the law) is perficiemus munus de bonis asportatis

mission accomplished carrying goods away

used in place of praetor, and de minimis is a legal term referring to things unworthy of the law's attention. de mortuis aut bene aut nihil about the dead, either well or nothing Less literally, "speak well of the dead or not at all" (cf. de mortuis nil nisi bonum). From de mortuis nil nisi bonum dicendum est, "nothing must be said about the dead except the good", attributed by Diogenes Laërtius to Chilon. In legal contexts, this quotation is used with the opposite meaning, as defaming a deceased person is not a crime. In other contexts, it refers to taboos against criticizing the recently deceased. Thus, "their story is our story". Originally referred to the end of Rome's dominance. Now often used when comparing any current situation to a past story or historical event. "Anew" or "afresh". In law, a trial de novo is a retrial. In biology, de novo means newly-synthesized, and a de novo mutation is a mutation that neither parent possessed or transmitted. In economics, de novo refers to newly-founded companies, and de novo banks are state banks that have been in operation for five years or less. Karl Marx's favorite motto.

about the dead, de mortuis nil nisi nothing unless a bonum good thing

de nobis fabula narratur

about us is the story told

de novo

from the new

be suspicious of everything, doubt everything about every de omni re scibili knowable thing, et quibusdam and even certain aliis other things de omnibus dubitandum de oppresso liber

A 15th-century Italian scholar wrote the De omni re scibili portion, and a wag added et quibusdam aliis.

Commonly mistranslated as "To Liberate the Free From Having Oppressed". The motto of the United States Army Been Oppressed Special Forces. Out of the depths of misery or dejection. From the Latin from the depths de profundis translation of Psalm 130. In logic, de dicto statements (about the truth of a about the matter proposition) are distinguished from de re statements de re (about the properties of a thing itself). Also Dei Gratia Rex (By the Grace of God, King). By the Grace of Dei Gratia Abbreviated as D G REG preceding Fidei Defensor (F D) God, Queen Regina on British pounds, and as D G Regina on Canadian coins. Dei sub numine under God's Spirit Motto of Princeton University. she flourishes viget In Catholic theology, a pleasure taken in sinful thought delectatio morosa peevish delight or imagination, such as brooding on sexual images. It is

deliriant isti Romani Deo ac veritati Deo domuique Deo et patriae Deo gratias Deo juvante Deo Optimo Maximo (DOM) Deo vindice

They are mad, those Romans! For God and for truth for God and for home for God and Country thanks [be] to God with God's help To the Best and Greatest God with God as protector

distinct from actual sexual desire, and involves voluntary and complacent erotic fantasizing, without any attempt to suppress such thoughts. A translation into Latin from René Goscinny's ils sont fous, ces romains!, frequently issued by Obelix in the Asterix comics. Motto of Colgate University. Motto of Methodist Ladies' College, Melbourne. Motto of Regis High School (New York City). The semi-Hispanicized form Deogracias is a Philippine first name. The motto of Monaco and its monarch which appears on the royal arms. Derived from the Pagan Iupiter Optimo Maximo (To the best and greatest Jupiter). Printed on bottles of Bénédictine liqueur. Motto of the Confederate States of America. An alternate translation is "With an avenging God". This was often used in conjunction with a signature at the end of letters. It was used in order to signify that "God willing" this letter will get to you safely, "God willing" the contents of this letter come true. See also: Insha'Allah. The first encyclical of Pope Benedict XVI. From the Greek ἀπὸ μηχανῆς θεός (apò mēchanēs theós). A contrived or artificial solution, usually to a literary plot. Refers to the practice in Greek drama of lowering by crane (the mechanê) an actor playing a god or goddess onto the stage to resolve an insuperable conflict in the plot. The device is most commonly associated with Euripides. The principal motto of Scottish Rite Freemasonry; see also Dieu et mon droit. The principal slogan of the Crusades.Motto of Bergen Catholic High School, NJ I.e. "From a rule without exception." Short for A dicto simpliciter, the a often being dropped by confusion with the indefinite article. A dicto simpliciter occurs when an acceptable exception is ignored or eliminated. For

Deo volente

God willing

Deus caritas est

God is Love

deus ex machina

a god from a machine

Deus meumque jus Deus vult deus otiosus dicto simpliciter

God and my right God wills it! God at leisure [From] a maxim, simply

instance, the appropriateness of using opiates is dependent on the presence of extreme pain. To justify the recreational use of opiates by referring to a cancer patient or to justify arresting said cancer patient by comparing him to the recreational user would be a dicto simpliciter. dictum meum pactum diem perdidi my word [is] my bond Motto of the London Stock Exchange

From the Roman Emperor Titus. Passed down in I have lost the day Suetonius's biography of him in Lives of the Twelve Caesars (8) Refers to the Judgment Day in Christian eschatology. The name of a famous 13th-century Medieval Latin Day of Wrath Dies Irae hymn by Tommaso da Celano, used in the Mass for the dead. Days under common law (traditionally Sunday) in which Day without no legal process can be served and any judgment is void. dies non judiciary This concept was first codified by the English juridicum Parliament in the reign of Charles II. In Classical Latin, "I arrange". State motto of Maine. I direct Based on a comparison of the state of Maine to the star dirigo Polaris. In other words, the gods have different plans than it seemed otherwise mortals, and so events do not always play out as people dis aliter visum to the gods wish them to. Refers to the Manes, Roman spirits of the dead. Loosely "To the memory of". A conventional inscription Sacred to the preceding the name of the deceased on pagan grave dis manibus markings, often shortened to dis manibus (D.M.), "for the sacrum (D.M.S.) ghost-gods ghost-gods". Preceded in some earlier monuments by hic situs est (H. S. E.), "he lies here". Motto of Royal College Colombo. disce aut discede Learn or Depart Learn as if always disce quasi semper victurus going to live; live Attributed to St Edmund of Abingdon. as if tomorrow vive quasi cras going to die. moriturus That is, "scattered remains". Paraphrased from Horace, Satires, I, 4, 62, where it was written "disiecti membra disiecta membra scattered limbs poetae" (limbs of a scattered poet). Also written as disjecta membra. State motto of Arizona, adopted in 1911. Probably God enriches ditat Deus derived from the Vulgate's translation of Genesis 14:23. A Roman maxim adopted by Julius Caesar, Louis XI divide et impera divide and rule and Machiavelli. Commonly rendered "divide and

conquer". A popular eloquent expression, usually used in the end I have spoken of a speech. The implied meaning is: "I have said all that dixi I had to say and thus the argument is settled". Used to attribute a statement or opinion to its author, ["...", ...] said ["...", ...] dixit rather than the speaker. I give that you may Often said or written for sacrifices, when one "gives" do ut des give and expects something back from the gods. It is learned by Also translated "One learns by teaching." Attributed to docendo discitur teaching Seneca the Younger. I learn by teaching, docendo disco, scribendo cogito think by writing. "The ... concept is particular to a few civil law systems and cannot sweepingly be equated with the notions of ‘special’ or ‘specific intent’ in common law systems. Of course, the same might equally be said of the concept of special intent dolus specialis ‘specific intent,’ a notion used in the common law almost exclusively within the context of the defense of voluntary intoxication."—Genocide scholar William Schabas[8] Domine dirige Lord guide us Motto of the City of London nos Dominus the Lord is my light Motto of the University of Oxford. Illuminatio Mea Phrase used during and at the end of Catholic sermons, and a general greeting form among and towards Dominus Lord be with you members of Catholic organizations, such as priests and Vobiscum nuns. See also pax vobiscum. Often set to music, either by itself or as part of the Agnus Dei prayer of the Mass. Also an ending in the dona nobis pacem give us peace video game Haunting Ground. giving in A legal concept where a person in imminent mortal donatio mortis expectation of danger need not meet the requisite consideration to causa death create or modify a will. draco dormiens a sleeping dragon Motto of the fictional Hogwarts school in the Harry is never to be Potter series; translated more loosely in the books as nunquam tickled "never tickle a sleeping dragon". titillandus More literally, "the masks of the drama"; more dramatis the parts of the play figuratively, "cast of characters". The characters personae represented in a dramatic work. Two blank slates duae tabulae Stan Laurel, inscription for the fanclub logo of The Sons rasae in quibus with nothing of the Desert. nihil scriptum est written upon them

ducunt volentem The fates lead the willing and drag fata, nolentem the unwilling trahunt ductus exemplo Leadership by example

Attributed to Lucius Annaeus Seneca.

This is the motto for the United States Marine Corps' Officer Candidates School located at Marine Corps Base Quantico; Quantico, Virginia. War may seem pleasant to those who have never been war is sweet to the dulce bellum involved in it, though the more experienced know better. inexperienced inexpertis A phrase from Erasmus in the 16th century. From Horace, Odes III, 2, 13. Used by Wilfred Owen for dulce et decorum It is sweet and honorable to die for the title of a poem about World War I, Dulce et est pro patria the fatherland. Decorum Est. mori Horace wrote in his Ars Poetica that poetry must be a sweet and useful dulce et utile (pleasant and profitable), both enjoyable dulce et utile thing and instructive. Horace, Odes III, 25, 16. Motto of the Scottish clan dulce periculum danger is sweet MacAulay. sweeter after Motto of the Scottish clan Fergusson.[9] dulcius ex asperis difficulties while I breathe, I State motto of South Carolina. From Cicero. dum spiro spero hope while Rome Used when someone has been asked for urgent help, but dum Roma debates, Saguntum responds with no immediate action. Similar to Hannibal deliberat ante portas, but referring to a less personal danger. Saguntum perit is in danger While we live, we dum vivimus motto of Presbyterian College. serve servimus While we live, let An encouragement to embrace life. Motto inscribed on dum vivimus, us live! the sword of the main character in the novel Glory Road. vivamus [the] law [is] harsh, dura lex sed lex but [it is the] law tough mother Outer covering of the brain. dura mater dum vita est, spes while there is life, there is hope est War leader dux bellorum

[edit] E
Latin e pluribus unum Translation From many, (comes) One. Notes Usually translated 'One out of Many.' Motto of the United States of America. Used on many U.S. coins and inscribed on the Capitol. Also used as the motto of S.L. Benfica. Can also be written 'ex pluribus

unum,' but now more commonly abbreviated. From the Latin Vulgate Gospel according to St. John (XIX.v) (19.5, Douay-Rheims), where Pontius Pilate speaks these words as he presents Christ, crowned with thorns, to the crowd. It is also the title of Behold the Man Ecce Homo Nietzsche's autobiography and of the theme music by Howard Goodall for the BBC comedy Mr. Bean. Oscar Wilde opened his defense with this phrase when on trial for pederasty. A phrase occasionally inscribed near the altar in Behold the bread of Catholic churches; it makes reference to the Host; the ecce panis Angels. Eucharist; the bread of Heaven; the Body of Christ. angelorum See also: Panis Angelicus. first edition The first printed edition of a work. editio princeps O Deus Ego Amo Te O God I Love You attributed to Saint Francis Xavier not I short for "Even if all others... I will not." ego non Part of the absolution-formula spoken by a priest as I absolve you ego te absolvo part of the sacrament of Penance (cf. absolvo). I provoke you Used as a challenge, "I dare you". ego te provoco Alas, the fleeting eheu fugaces From Horace's Odes II, 14. years slip by labuntur anni Also 'worn-out'. Retired from office. Often used to denote a position held at the point of retirement, as an veteran honor, such as professor emeritus or provost emeritus. emeritus This does not necessarily mean that the honoree is no longer active. Or 'being one's own cause'. Traditionally, a being that existing because of owes its existence to no other being, hence God or a ens causa sui oneself Supreme Being (cf. Primum Mobile). ense petit placidam by the sword she seeks gentle peace State motto of Massachusetts, adopted in 1775. sub libertate under liberty quietem entitas ipsa involvit reality involves a A phrase used in modern Western philosophy on the aptitudinem ad power to compel nature of truth. extorquendum sure assent certum assensum Technical term used in philosophy and the law. It means 'by that very act'; similar to ipso facto. by that very act Example: "The fact that I am does not eo ipso mean eo ipso that I think." From Latin eo ipso, ablative form of id ipsum, "that (thing) itself". by that name eo nomine do not trust the Virgil, Aeneid, II. 48–49 (Latin) equo ne credite

erga omnes ergo

Denotes a logical conclusion (cf. cogito ergo sum). From Seneca the Younger. The full quote is errare humanum est, sed perseverare diabolicum: 'to err errare humanum est to err is human is human, but to persist (in the mistake) is diabolical.' Or 'mistake'. Lists of errors in a previous edition of a error work are often marked with the plural, errata erratum ('errors'). George Berkeley's motto for his idealist philosophical to be is to be position that nothing exists independently of its esse est percipi perceived perception by a mind except minds themselves. Truly being something, rather than merely seeming to be something. Motto of many institutions. From chapter 26 of Cicero's De amicitia ('On Friendship'). Earlier than Cicero, the phrase had been used by Sallust in his Bellum Catilinae (54.6), where he wrote to be, rather than to that Cato esse quam videri bonus malebat ('he esse quam videri seem preferred to be good, rather than to seem so'). Earlier still, Aeschylus used a similar phrase in Seven Against Thebes, line 592, ou gar dokein aristos, all' enai thelei ('his resolve is not to seem the best, but in fact to be the best'). Said of Venice by the Venetian historian Fra Paolo Sarpi shortly before his death. Also the state motto of may it be perpetual esto perpetua Idaho, adopted in 1867, and of S. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia, Sri Lanka. be what you are Motto of Wells Cathedral School. esto quad es A less common variant on et cetera used at the end of 'and elsewhere' et alibi (et al.) a list of locations to denote unlisted places. Used similarly to et cetera ('and the rest'), to stand for a list of names. Alii is actually masculine, so it can be used for men, or groups of men and women; the feminine, et aliae (or et aliæ), is appropriate when the 'others' are all female. Et alia is neuter plural and thus and others et alii (et al.) properly used only for inanimate, genderless objects, but some use it as a gender-neutral alternative.[10] APA style uses et al. if the work cited was written by more than six authors; MLA style uses et al. for more than three authors. In modern usages, also used to mean 'and so on' or et cetera (etc.) or And the rest (&c.) 'and more'. And light was From Genesis 1:3 "and there was light". et facta est lux

horse in relation to everyone therefore

made And all that sort of et hoc genus omne thing and in Arcadia et in Arcadia ego [am] I And now, O ye kings, understand: et nunc reges intelligite erudimini receive instruction, qui judicatis terram you that judge the earth. et sequentes (et seq.) and the following

Abbreviated to e.h.g.o. or ehgo In other words, 'I, too, am in Arcadia'. See memento mori. From the Book of Psalms, II.x. (Vulgate), 2.10 (Douay-Rheims).

Pluralized as et sequentia ('and the following things'), abbreviations: et seqq., et seq.., or sqq. a supposition puts More typically translated as either (a) "Sayin' it don't et suppositio nil nothing in being make it so", or (b) "Hypothetically..." ponit in esse Also 'Even you, Brutus?' or 'You too, Brutus?' Used to indicate a betrayal by someone close. From Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, based on the traditional dying words of Julius Caesar. However, these were And you, Brutus? almost certainly not Caesar's true last words; Plutarch et tu, Brute? quotes Caesar as saying, in Greek (which was the language of Rome's elite at the time), καὶ σὺ τέκνον; (Kaì sù téknon?), in English 'You as well, (my) child?', quoting from Menander. and wife A legal term. et uxor (et ux.) and husband A legal term. et vir Etiamsi omnes, ego Even if all others... Peter to Jesus Christ (Matthew 26:33) I will not non from abundant ex abundanti caution cautela For out of the From the Gospel according to St. Matthew, XII.xxxiv ex abundantia enim abundance of the (Vulgate), 12.34 (Douay-Rheims) and the Gospel heart the mouth according to St. Luke, VI.xlv (Vulgate), 6.45 (Douaycordis os loquitur speaketh. Rheims). Sometimes rendered without enim ('for'). from the equal 'On equal footing', i.e., 'in a tie'. ex aequo Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, VIII/42 Always something ex Africa semper (verbatim: unde etiam vulgare Graeciae dictum new from Africa aliquid novi semper aliquid novi Africam adferre)[11] from the heart Thus, 'sincerely'. ex animo 'Beforehand', 'before the event'. Based on prior from before ex ante assumptions. A forecast. The motto of the fictional Starfleet Academy on Star From the Stars, Trek. Adapted from ex luna scientia, which in turn ex astris scientia Knowledge was modeled after ex scientia tridens.

ex cathedra

from the chair

A phrase applied to the declarations or promulgations of the Pope when, in communion with the college of cardinals, preserved from the possibility of error by the action of the Holy Spirit (see Papal infallibility), he solemnly declares or promulgates ("from the chair" that was the ancient symbol of the teacher and of the governor, in this case of the church) a dogmatic teaching on faith or morals as being contained in divine revelation, or at least being intimately connected to divine revelation. Used, by extension, of anyone who is perceived as speaking as though with supreme authority. 'From harmful deceit'; dolus malus is the Latin legal term for 'fraud'. The full legal phrase is ex dolo malo non oritur actio ('an action does not arise from fraud'). When an action has its origin in fraud or deceit, it cannot be supported; thus, a court of law will not assist a man who bases his course of action on an immoral or illegal act. Idiomatically rendered 'on the face of it'. A legal term typically used to note that a document's explicit terms are defective without further investigation.

ex Deo

from God

ex dolo malo

from fraud

ex facie ex fide fiducia

from the face

ex gratia

ex hypothesi ex infra (e.i.) cf. ex
supra

ex juvantibus ex lege ex libris ex luna scientia ex malo bonum

from faith [comes] A motto of St George's College, Harare. confidence More literally 'from grace'. Refers to someone voluntarily performing an act purely out of kindness, from kindness as opposed to for personal gain or from being forced to do it. In law, an ex gratia payment is one made without recognizing any liability or legal obligation. from the Thus, 'by hypothesis'. hypothesis Recent academic notation for 'from below in this 'from below' writing' from that which The medical pitfall in which response to a therapeutic helps regimen substitutes proper diagnosis. from the law Precedes a person's name, with the meaning of 'from from the books the library of...'; also a bookplate. The motto of the Apollo 13 moon mission, derived from the moon, from ex scientia tridens, the motto of Jim Lovell's knowledge Alma Mater, the United States Naval Academy. From St. Augustine's "Sermon LXI" where he good out of evil contradicts Seneca's dictum in Epistulae 87:22:

bonum ex malo non fit (good does not come from evil). Also: the alias of the Anberlin song, "Miserabile Visu" from their album New Surrender. ex mea sententia in my opinion From Lucretius, and said earlier by Empedocles. Its original meaning is 'work is required to succeed', but its modern meaning is a more general 'everything has its origins in something' (cf. causality). It is commonly applied to the conservation laws in philosophy and modern science. Ex nihilo often used nothing may come in conjunction with the term creation, as in creatio ex from nothing nihilo, meaning 'creation, out of nothing'. It is often used in philosophy or theology in connection with the proposition that God created the universe from nothing. It is also mentioned in the final ad-lib of the Monty Python song Always Look on the Bright Side of Life. from new Said of something that has been built from scratch. from oblivion The title of a short story by H. P. Lovecraft. By virtue of office or position; 'by right of office'. Often used when someone holds one position by virtue of holding another: for example, the President of France is an ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. A common misconception is that ex officio members of from the office a committee or congress may not vote, but this is not guaranteed by that title. In legal terms, ex officio refers to an administrative or judicial office taking action of its own accord, for example to invalidate a patent or prosecute copyright infringers. A theological phrase contrasted with ex opere from the work of operato, referring to the notion that the validity or the one working promised benefit of a sacrament depends on the person administering it. A theological phrase meaning that the act of receiving a sacrament actually confers the promised benefit, such as a baptism actually and literally cleansing from the work one's sins. The Catholic Church affirms that the worked source of grace is God, not just the actions or disposition of the minister or the recipient of the sacrament. Originally refers to the sun rising in the east, but from the East, the alludes to culture coming from the Eastern world. light Motto several institutions. from a part A legal term meaning 'by one party' or 'for one party'.

ex nihilo nihil fit

ex novo ex oblivione

ex officio

ex opere operantis

ex opere operato

ex oriente lux ex parte

ex pede Herculem ex post ex post facto ex professo

ex scientia tridens

ex scientia vera

ex silentio

ex situ ex supra (e.s.) cf. ex
infra

ex tempore ex tenebris lux ex umbra in solem ex vi termini ex vivo ex voto ex vulgus scientia excelsior

Thus, on behalf of one side or party only. From the measure of Hercules' foot you shall know from Hercules' foot his size; from a part, the whole. 'Afterward', 'after the event'. Based on knowledge of from after the past. Measure of past performance. from a thing done Said of a law with retroactive effect. afterward with due Said of the person who perfectly knows his art or competence science. The United States Naval Academy motto. Refers to from knowledge, knowledge bringing men power over the sea sea power. comparable to that of the trident-bearing Greek god Poseidon. from knowledge, The motto of the College of Graduate Studies at truth. Middle Tennessee State University. In general, the claim that the absence of something demonstrates the proof of a proposition. An argumentum ex silentio ('argument from silence') is from silence an argument based on the assumption that someone's silence on a matter suggests ('proves' when a logical fallacy) that person's ignorance of the matter or their inability to counterargue validly. opposite of 'in situ Recent academic notation for 'from above in this 'from above' writing' 'This instant', 'right away' or 'immediately'. Also from time written extempore. from darkness, Motto of the city of Geneva. light. from the shadow Motto of Federico Santa María Technical University. into the light from the force of Thus, 'by definition'. the term Used in reference to the study or assay of living tissue out of or from life in an artificial environment outside the living organism. Thus, in accordance with a promise. An ex voto is from the vow also an offering made in fulfillment of a vow. from crowd, used to describe social computing, The Wisdom of knowledge Crowds 'Ever upward!' The state motto of New York. Also a higher catch phrase used by Marvel Comics head Stan Lee.

A juridical principle which means that the statement The exception exceptio firmat (or of a rule's exception (e.g., "no parking on Sundays") confirms the rule in probat) regulam in implicitly confirms the rule (i.e., that parking is cases which are not allowed Monday through Saturday). Often casibus non exceptis excepted mistranslated as "the exception that proves the rule". an excuse that has More loosely, 'he who excuses himself, accuses excusatio non petita not been sought is himself'—an unprovoked excuse is a sign of guilt. In accusatio manifesta an obvious French, qui s'excuse, s'accuse. accusation may he/she leave A formal leave of absence. exeat Usually shortened in English to 'for example' (see citation signal). Often confused with id est (i.e.).[12] for the sake of Exempli gratia, 'for example', is commonly exempli gratia (e.g.) example abbreviated 'e.g.'; in this usage it is sometimes followed by a comma, depending on style.[13] exercitus sine duce an army without On a plaque at the former military staff building of leader is like a corpus est sine the Swedish Armed Forces. body without spirit spiritu Third-person plural present active indicative of the they leave Latin verb exire; also extended to exeunt omnes, 'all exeunt leave'; singular: exit. This term has been used in dermatopathology to express that there is no substitute for experience in experience teaches dealing with all the numerous variations that may experientia docet occur with skin conditions.[14] The term has also been used in gastroenterology.[15] Literally 'experiment of the cross'. A decisive test of a experimentum crucial experiment scientific theory. crucis Literally 'believe one who has had experience'. An trust the expert experto crede author's aside to the reader. 'Mentioning one thing may exclude another thing'. A principle of legal statutory interpretation: the explicit presence of a thing implies intention to exclude the expression of others; e.g., a reference in the Poor Relief Act 1601 to expressio unius est the one is the 'lands, houses, tithes and coal mines' was held to exclusion of the exclusio alterius exclude mines other than coal mines. Sometimes other expressed as expressum facit cessare tacitum (broadly, 'the expression of one thing excludes the implication of something else'). Refers to a possible result of Catholic ecclesiastical (placed) outside of legal proceedings when the culprit is removed from extra domum the house being part of a group like a monastery. Outside the Church This expression comes from the writings of Saint Extra Ecclesiam there is no Cyprian of Carthage, a bishop of the third century. It nulla salus

salvation

Extra omnes

Out, all of you.

is often used to summarise the doctrine that the Catholic Church is absolutely necessary for salvation. It is issued by the Master of the Papal Liturgical Celebrations before a session of the Papal conclave which will elect a new Pope. When spoken, all those who are not Cardinals, or those otherwise mandated to be present at the Conclave, must leave the Sistine Chapel.

extra territorium jus dicenti impune non paretur

he who administers justice outside of Refers to extraterritorial jurisdiction. Often cited in his territory is law of the sea cases on the high seas. disobeyed with impunity

[edit] F
Translation Every man is the faber est suae artisan of his own quisque fortunae fortune do brave deeds and fac fortia et endure patere make a similar thing fac simile "I make free adults out facio liberos ex of children by means liberis libris of books and a libraque balance." facta, non verba actions, not words Latin Notes Appius Claudius Caecus. Motto of Fort Street High School in Petersham, Sydney , Australia. Motto of Prince Alfred College in Adelaide, Australia. Origin of the word facsimile, and, through it, of fax. Motto of St. John's College in Annapolis, Maryland and Santa Fe, New Mexico

Frequently used as motto. A Roman legal principle indicating that a witness who willfully falsifies one matter is not credible on any false in one thing, matter. The underlying motive for attorneys to falsus in uno, false in everything impeach opposing witnesses in court: the principle falsus in omnibus discredits the rest of their testimony if it is without corroboration. from Henry Baerlein's introduction to his translation feci quod potui, I have done what I of The Diwan of Abu'l-Ala by Abu al-Ala al-Maarri faciant meliora could; those who can (973–1057);[16] also in Anton Chekhov's Three will do better. potentes Sisters, act I. "From differing fecisti patriam Verse 63 from the poem De reditu suo by Rutilius peoples you have diversis de Claudius Namatianus praising emperor Augustus.[17] gentibus unam made one native land" felix qui potuit happy is he who can Virgil. "Rerum cognoscere causas" is the motto of the discover the causes of University of Sheffield. rerum

cognoscere causas felo de se

things An archaic legal term for one who commits suicide, referring to early English common law punishments, such as land seizure, inflicted on those who killed themselves.

felon from himself

fere libenter men generally believe People's beliefs are shaped largely by their desires. homines id quod what they want to Julius Caesar, The Gallic War 3.18 volunt credunt An oxymoronic motto of Augustus. It encourages proceeding quickly, but with calm and caution. hurry slowly festina lente Equivalent to 'More haste, less speed'. Motto of The Madeira School, McLean, Virginia. let justice be done, fiat iustitia et though the world shall Motto of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor. pereat mundus perish fiat justitia ruat let justice be done Attributed to Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus. should the sky fall caelum Less literally, "let light arise" or "let there be light" (cf. lux sit). From the Latin translation of Genesis, let light be made "dixitque Deus fiat lux et facta est lux" ("and God fiat lux said, 'Let light be made', and light was made."); frequently used as motto for educational institutions. let there be bread Motto of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) fiat panis May God's will be The motto of Robert May's School fiat voluntas Dei done The motto of Archbishop Richard Smith of the fiat voluntas tua Thy will be done Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Edmonton. A title given to Henry VIII of England by Pope Leo X on October 17, 1521 before Henry became a Fidei Defensor Defender of the Faith (Fid Def) or (fd) heresiarch. Still used by the British monarchs, it appears on all British coins, usually abbreviated. Sometimes mistranslated to "Keep the faith", when used in contemporary English-language writings of all kinds to convey a light-hearted wish for the reader's He knows the faith fidem scit well-being. The humor comes from the phrase's similarity in pronunciation to the words "Feed 'em shit". the faith by which it is the personal faith which apprehends, contrasted with fides qua believed fides quae creditur creditur the faith which is the content of "the faith," contrasted with fides qua fides quae believed creditur creditur faith seeking the motto of Saint Anselm, found in his Proslogion fides quaerens

intellectum fidus Achates finis coronat opus finis vitae sed non amoris flagellum dei flectere si nequeo superos, Achaeronta movebo floreat etona floreat nostra schola floruit (fl.) fluctuat nec mergitur

understanding faithful Achates The end crowns the work The end of life, but not of love scourge of god A faithful friend. From the name of Aeneas's faithful companion in Virgil's Aeneid. The end justifies the means.

Referred to Attila the Hun, when he led his armies to invade the Western Roman Empire.

If I cannot move Virgil's Aeneid, book 7 heaven I will raise hell May Eton Flourish May our school flourish one flourished Motto of Eton College Common school motto Indicates the period when a historical figure whose birth and death dates are unknown was most active.

she wavers and is not Motto of Paris. immersed "The fountainhead and beginning". The source and the spring and source fons et origo origin. the fount of fons sapientiae, knowledge is the word The motto of Bishop Blanchet High School. verbum Dei of God. Fortune favours the fortes fortuna The motto of the 3rd Marine Regiment bold adiuvat strong in faith Frequently used as motto. fortes in fide The brave may fall, fortis cadere, Motto of Fahnestock Family Arms. cedere non potest but cannot yield Motto on the coat of arms of Oxford, England. fortis est veritas truth is strong strong and free Motto of Alberta. fortis et liber Motto of Municipal Borough of Middleton from the fortis in arduis strong in difficulties Earl of Middleton. fortiter et bravely and faithfully Frequently used as motto. fideliter Unshakable fundamenta Foundation inconcussa

[edit] G

Latin Translation gaudeamus hodie let us rejoice today gaudeamus igitur therefore let us rejoice gaudium in veritate generalia specialibus non derogant joy in truth

Notes First words of a famous academic anthem used, among other places, in The Student Prince.

A principle of legal statutory interpretation: If a universal things do not matter falls under a specific provision and a general detract from specific provision, it shall be governed by the specific things provision. The unique, distinctive aspects or atmosphere of a place, such as those celebrated in art, stories, folk spirit of place tales, and festivals. Originally, the genius loci was genius loci literally the protective spirit of a place, a creature usually depicted as a snake. deeds, not words Motto of James Ruse Agricultural High School. gesta non verba Often translated "Glory to God on High". The title and beginning of an ancient Roman Catholic Gloria in Excelsis Glory to God in the Highest doxology, the Greater Doxology. See also ad Deo maiorem Dei gloriam. Glory to the Father The beginning of the Lesser Doxology. Gloria Patri The glory of sons is Gloria filiorum their fathers ( Motto of Eltham College. patres Proverbs17:6) Motto of Manitoba gloriosus et liber glorious and free gradibus ascending by degrees Motto of Grey College, Durham ascendimus by degrees, Motto of private spaceflight company Blue Origin gradatim ferociter ferociously Conquered Greece in Graecia capta turn defeated its Horace Epistles 2.1 ferum victorem savage conqueror cepit By hard work, all Grandescunt things increase and Motto of McGill University Aucta Labore grow truth through God's gratiae veritas Motto of Uppsala University mercy and nature naturae graviora manent heavier things remain more severe things await, the worst is yet to come serious sweet Gravis Dulcis Title of a poem by James Elroy Flecker [18] immutable Immutabilis a water drop hollows a main phrase is from Ovid, Epistulae ex Ponto IV, gutta cavat stone [not by force, 10, 5.[19]; expanded in the Middle Ages lapidem [non vi

sed saepe cadendo] but by falling often]

[edit] H
Latin Translation Notes A legal term from the 14th century or earlier. Refers to a number of legal writs to bring a person before a court or judge, most commonly habeas corpus ad subjiciendum (you may have the body to bring up). Commonly used as the general term for a prisoner's legal right to challenge the legality of their detention. Used after a Roman Catholic Church papal election to announce publicly a successful ballot to elect a new pope.

habeas corpus

You should have the body

habemus papam we have a pope Books have their Habent sua fata destiny [according to the capabilities libelli of the reader] with this law hac lege one day, this will haec olim be pleasing to meminisse remember iuvabit Hannibal ante Hannibal before the gates portas Hannibal is at the Hannibal ad gates portas I speak not of haud ignota unknown things loquor hic abundant here lions abound leones here and now hic et nunc hic jacet (HJ) here lies

Commonly rendered in English as "One day, we'll look back on this and smile". From Virgil's Aeneid 1.203. Also, motto of the Jefferson Society. Refers to wasting time while the enemy is already here. Attributed to Cicero. Roman parents would tell their misbehaving children this, invoking their fear of Hannibal. Thus, "I say no things that are unknown". From Virgil's Aeneid, 2.91. Written on uncharted territories of old maps. Also rendered hic iacet. Written on gravestones or tombs, preceding the name of the deceased. Equivalent to hic sepultus (here is buried), and sometimes combined into hic jacet sepultus (HJS), "here lies buried". According to Titus Livius the phrase was pronounced by Marcus Furius Camillus, addressing the senators who intended to abandon the city, invaded by Gauls, circa 390 BC. It is used today to express the intent to keep one's position even if the circumstances appear adverse. Written on uncharted territories of old maps. Written on uncharted territories of old maps.

hic manebimus here we'll stay excellently optime hic sunt dracones hic sunt leones here there are dragons here there are

lions hinc illae lacrimae historia vitae magistra hoc age hoc est bellum hoc est Christum cognoscere, beneficia eius cognoscere hoc est enim corpus meum hence those tears history, the teacher of life do this This is war To know Christ is Famous dictum by the Reformer Melanchthon in his Loci to know his Communes of 1521 benefits From Terence, Andria, line 125. Originally literal, referring to the tears shed by Pamphilus at the funeral of Chrysis, it came to be used proverbally in the works of later authors, such as Horace (Epistula XIX, 41). From Cicero, Tusculanas, 2, 16. Also "history is the mistress of life". Motto of Bradford Grammar School, often purposefully mistranslated by pupils as "Just do it!".

The words of Jesus reiterated in Latin during the Roman Catholic Eucharist. "Hoc est corpus" May be the source of the expression "hocus-pocus".[citation needed] First attested in Plautus' Asinaria (lupus est homo homini). man [is a] wolf to homo homini The sentence was drawn on by Hobbes in Leviathan as a man lupus concise expression of his human nature view. From Terence, Heautontimoroumenos. Originally "strange" or "foreign" (alienum) was used in the sense of I am a human "irrelevant", as this line was a response to the speaker homo sum being; nothing being told to mind his own business, but it is now humani a me human is strange commonly used to advocate respecting different cultures nihil alienum to me and being humane in general. Puto (I consider) is not puto translated because it is meaningless outside of the line's context within the play. homo unius libri (I fear) a man of Attributed to Thomas Aquinas one book (timeo) hominem non Treat the Man, not Motto of the Far Eastern University – Institute of Nursing morbum cura the Disease honesty before honestes ante Motto of King George V school, Hong Kong, China glory honores honor virtutis esteem is the Motto of Arnold School, Blackpool, England reward of virtue praemium for the sake of Said of an honorary title, such as "Doctor of Science honoris causa honor honoris causa". the hour flees See tempus fugit. hora fugit at the hour of Medical shorthand for "at bedtime". hora somni (h.s.) sleep I do not count the A common inscription on sundials. horas non This is my Body

hours unless they are sunny A garden in the hortus in urbe city A dry garden hortus siccus horribile dictu horrible to say hostis humani enemy of the human race generis hypotheses non I do not fabricate hypotheses fingo numero nisi serenas

Motto of the Chicago Park District, a playful allusion to the city's motto, urbs in horto, q.v. A collection of dry, preserved plants. That is, "a horrible thing to relate". Cf. mirabile dictu. Cicero defined pirates in Roman law as being enemies of humanity in general. From Newton, Principia. Less literally, "I do not assert that any hypotheses are true".

[edit] I
Notes Usually used in bibliographic citations to refer to the in the same place ibidem (ibid.) last source previously referenced. Used to refer to something that has already been the same idem (id.) cited. See also ibidem. the same as Not to be confused with an intelligence quotient. idem quod (i.q.) "That is (to say)" in the sense of "that means" and "which means", or "in other words", or sometimes "in this case", depending on the context; may be that is followed by a comma, or not, depending on style id est (i.e.) (American English and British English respectively). It is often misinterpreted as "in example". In this situation, e.g. should be used instead. id quod plerumque that which generally A phrase used in legal language to indicate the most happens probable outcome from an act, fact, event or cause. accidit In the Roman calendar, the Ides of March refers to the 15th day of March. In modern times, the term is the Ides of March best known as the date on which Julius Caesar was Idus Martiae assassinated in 44 BC; the term has come to be used as a metaphor for impending doom. Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum
(INRI)

Latin

Translation

Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews

Direct quote from the Vulgate, John 19:19. The inscription was written in Latin, Greek and Aramaic at the top of the cross on which Jesus was crucified. (John 19:20)

igitur qui desiderat pacem, praeparet bellum igne natura

Therefore whoever Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, De Re Militari; desires peace, let him similar to si vis pacem, para bellum. prepare for war through fire, nature is An alchemical aphorism invented as an alternate

renovatur integra igni ferroque

reborn whole with fire and iron

ignis aurum probat fire tests gold ignis fatuus

foolish fire (or ignorantia legis non excusat or ignorantia legis A legal principle whereby ignorance of a law does ignorantia iuris neminem excusat) not allow one to escape liability; non excusat ignorance of the law is no excuse The logical fallacy of irrelevant conclusion: making an argument that, while possibly valid, doesn't prove ignorance of the or support the proposition it claims to. An ignoratio ignoratio elenchi issue elenchi that is an intentional attempt to mislead or confuse the opposing party is known as a red herring. Elenchi is from the Greek elenchos. An explanation that is less clear than the thing to be unknown by means ignotum per explained. Synonymous with obscurum per of the more unknown ignotius obscurius. unknown ignotus (ign.) From the religious concept that man was created in image of God imago Dei "God's image". A principle, held by several religions, that believers imitation of a god imitatio dei should strive to resemble their god(s). 1. A group of people who owe utmost fealty to their leader(s), subordinating the interests of the larger group to the authority of the internal group's an order within an imperium in leader(s). order imperio 2. A "fifth column" organization operating against the organization within which they seemingly reside. 3. "State within a state" In Virgil's Aeneid, Jupiter ordered Aeneas to found a an empire without an city (Rome) from which would come an everlasting, imperium sine fine end neverending empire, the endless (sine fine) empire. An authorization to publish, granted by some let it be printed imprimatur censoring authority (originally a Catholic Bishop). Used in a number of situations, such as in a trial in the absence in absentia carried out in the absence of the accused. in act "In the very act/In reality". in actu

meaning for the acronym INRI. A phrase describing scorched earth tactics. Also rendered as igne atque ferro, ferro ignique, and other variations. A phrase referring to the refining of character through difficult circumstances, it is also the motto of the Prometheus Society Will-o'-the-wisp.

at the point of death in the chamber Figuratively, "in secret". See also camera obscura. in the event "In this case". Using the metaphor of a scorpion, this can be said of an account that proceeds gently, but turns vicious the poison is in the towards the end — or more generally waits till the in cauda venenum tail end to reveal an intention or statement that is undesirable in the listener's eyes. Eboracum was the Roman name for York and this In the county of phrase is used in some Georgain and Victorian in com. Ebor. Yorkshire books on the genealogy of prominent Yorkshire families. of uncertain position A term used to classify a taxonomic group when its incertae sedis (seat) broader relationships are unknown or undefined. incredible to say A variant on mirabile dictu. incredibile dictu in God we hope Motto of Brown University. in Deo speramus Index of Prohibited A list of books considered heretical by the Roman Index Librorum (or, Forbidden) Catholic Church. Prohibitorum Books indivisible and Motto of Austria–Hungary prior to its separation into indivisibiliter ac inseparable independent states in 1918. inseparabiliter Expresses the judicial principle that in case of doubt in doubt, on behalf of the decision must be in favor of the accused (in that in dubio pro reo the [alleged] culprit anyone is innocent until there is proof to the contrary). in double "In duplicate". in duplo "In (the form of) an image", "in effigy" as opposed in the likeness in effigie to "in the flesh" or "in person". in existence In actual existence; as opposed to in posse. in esse "In full", "at full length", "completely", in the extended in extenso "unabridged". in the furthest In extremity; in dire straits. Also "at the point of in extremis reaches death" (cf. in articulo mortis). into faith To the verification of faith. in fidem in becoming Thus, "pending". in fieri At the end. The footnote says "p. 157 in in the end in fine (i.f.) fine": "the end of page 157". in articulo mortis in camera in casu (i.c.) Infinitus est numerus stultorum. infirma mundi elegit Deus Infinite is the number of fools. God chooses the weak of the world The motto of Venerable Vital-Justin Grandin, the bishop of the St. Albert Diocese, which is now the

in a blazing wrong, in flagrante delicto while the crime is blazing in flore in foro infra dignitatem
(infra dig)

in blossom in forum beneath one's dignity

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Edmonton Equivalent to the English idiom "caught redhanded": caught in the act of committing a crime. Sometimes carried the connotation of being caught in a "compromising position". Blooming. Legal term for "in court".

We enter the circle at A palindrome said to describe the behavior of moths. night and are Also the title of a film by Guy Debord. consumed by fire Recent academic abbreviation for the spatious and in this sense inconvienient "in this sense". Words Constantine claimed to have seen in a vision by this sign you will before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge. Motto of in hoc signo vinces conquer Sigma Chi fraternity and the Norwegian Army 2nd Battalion. Describes a meeting called for a particular stated for this purpose in hunc effectum purpose only. Recent academic substitution for the spacious and in illo ordine (i.o.) in that order inconvenient "..., respectively." "at that time", found often in Gospel lectures during in that time Masses, used to mark an undetermined time in the in illo tempore past. lit.: in the beginning in inceptum finis or: the beginning foreshadows the end is the end est Preliminary, in law referring to a motion that is at the outset made to the judge before or during trial, often about in limine the admissibility of evidence believed prejudicial That is, "at the place". in the place, on the The nearby labs were closed for the in loco weekend, so the water samples were spot in girum imus nocte et consumimur igni in hoc sensu or in sensu hoc (s.h.)
analyzed in loco.

in loco parentis in luce Tua videmus lucem in lumine tuo videbimus lumen in manus tuas

in the place of a parent in Thy light we see light in your light we will see the light into your hands I

A legal term meaning "assuming parental (i.e., custodial) responsibility and authority". Primary and secondary teachers are typically bound by law to act in loco parentis. Motto of Valparaiso University. Motto of Columbia University and Ohio Wesleyan University. According to Luke 23:46, the last words of Jesus on

commendo spiritum meum

entrust my spirit

the cross. From Horace. Refers to the literary technique of beginning a narrative in the middle of, or at a late point in, the story, after much action has already taken place. Examples include the Iliad, the Odyssey, Os Lusíadas, Othello, and Paradise Lost. Compare ab initio. Equivalent to "in the memory of". Refers to remembering or honoring a deceased person. "Charity" (caritas) is being used in the classical sense of "compassion" (cf. agape). Motto of the Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen. Often misattributed to Augustine of Hippo. Motto on Rowe family coat of arms. I.e., "Tomorrow is a new day." Motto of Birkbeck College, University of London. Motto of Trinity College, Perth, Australia; the name of a 1050 papal bull. I.e., "in potentiality." Comparable to "potential", "to be developed". Motto of a fictional Yale University secret society in the television show Gilmore Girls.

in medias res

into the middle of things

in memoriam in necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas innocens non timidus

into the memory in necessary things unity, in doubtful things liberty, in all things charity

innocent but not afraid advise comes over in nocte consilium night in the name of the in nomine Domini Lord in nuce in omnia paratus in omnibus requiem quaesivi, et nusquam inveni nisi in angulo cum libro in a nut Ready for anything.

Everywhere I have searched for peace and nowhere found Quote by Thomas à Kempis it, except in a corner with a book That is, "in the land of the infidels", infidels here referring to non-Christians. After Islam conquered a in the parts of the in partibus large part of the Roman Empire, the corresponding infidels infidelium bishoprics didn't disappear, but remained as titular sees. A Cardinal named in secret by the pope. See also ab in the heart in pectore imo pectore. into a person Directed towards a particular person in personam in potential In the state of being possible; as opposed to in esse. in posse in propria persona in one's own person "Personally", "in person". A legal term used to indicate that a judicial in the matter [of] proceeding may not have formally designated in re adverse parties or is otherwise uncontested. The term

in rem

to the thing

in rerum natura in retentis in saeculo in salvo

in the nature of things among things held back in the times in safety

is commonly used in case citations of probate proceedings, for example, In re Smith's Estate; it is also used in juvenile courts, as, for instance, In re Gault. A legal term used to indicate a court's jurisdiction over a "thing" rather than a "legal person". As opposed to "ad personam jurisdiction". Example: in tenant landlord disputes, the summons and complaint may be nailed to the door of a rented property. This is because the litigant seeks jurisdiction over "the premises" rather than "the occupant". See also Lucretius' De rerum natura (On the Nature of Things). Used to describe documents kept separately from the regular records of a court for special reasons. "In the secular world", that is, outside a monastery, or before death. Coined in the early 1990s for scientific papers. Refers to an experiment or process performed virtually, as a computer simulation. The term is Dog Latin modeled after terms such as in vitro and in vivo. The Latin word for silicon is silicium, so the correct Latinization of "in silicon" would be in silicio, but this form has little usage. In the original place, appropriate position, or natural arrangement.

in silico
(Dog Latin)

in silicon

in situ in somnis veritas

in the place In dreams there is truth in hope

in spe in specialibus generalia quaerimus instante mense
(inst.)

"future" (My mother-in-law in spe", i.e., "My future mother-in-law), or "in embryonic form", as in "Locke's theory of government resembles, in spe, Montesquieu's theory of the separation of powers." That is, to understand the most general rules through the most detailed analysis.

To seek the general in the specifics

in statu nascendi intaminatis fulget

Formerly used in formal correspondence to refer to the current month, sometimes abbreviated as instant; in the present month e.g.: "Thank you for your letter of the 17th inst." — ult. mense = last month, prox. mense = next month. in the state of being Just as something is about to begin. born Untarnished, she From Horace's Odes (III.2.18). Motto of Wofford

honoribus integer vitae scelerisque purus

shines with honor unimpaired by life and clean of wickedness

College. From Horace. Used as a funeral hymn.

inter alia (i.a.)

inter alios

inter arma enim silent leges

inter caetera inter spem et metum inter vivos in toto intra muros intra vires in triplo in utero in utrumque paratus in vacuo in varietate concordia in vino veritas

in vitro

A term used in formal extract minutes to indicate that the minute quoted has been taken from a fuller among other things record of other matters, or when alluding to the parent group after quoting a particular example. Often used to compress lists of parties to legal among others documents. Said by Cicero in Pro Milone as a protest against unchecked political mobs that had virtually seized control of Rome in the 60s and 50s BC. Famously in a time of war, the quoted in the essay Civil Disobedience by Henry law falls silent David Thoreau as "The clatter of arms drowns out the voice of the law". This phrase has also been jokingly translated as "In a time of arms, the legs are silent." among others Title of a papal bull between hope and fear Said of property transfers between living persons, as between the living opposed to inheritance; often relevant to tax laws. in all "Totally", "entirely", "completely". Thus, "not public". Source of the word intramural. within the walls See also Intramuros, Manila. within the powers That is, "within the authority". in triple "In triplicate". in the womb Prepared for either Motto of the McKenzie clan. (event) in a void "In a vacuum". In isolation from other things. The motto of the European Union and the Council of united in diversity Europe That is, wine loosens the tongue(Referring to in wine [there is] alcohol's disinhibitory effects). Also the title of a truth 2006 episode of Law & Order. An experimental or process methodology performed in a "non-natural" setting (e.g. in a laboratory using a glass test tube or Petri dish), and thus outside of a in glass living organism or cell. Alternative experimental or process methodologies include in vitro, in silico, ex vivo and in vivo.

in life" or "in a living An experiment or process performed on a living thing specimen. An expression used by biologists to express the fact in a living thing that laboratory findings from testing an organism in in vivo veritas [there is] truth vitro are not always reflected when applied to an organism in vivo. A pun on in vino veritas. I remain Motto of the Armstrong Clan. invictus maneo unvanquished Motto of the Seal of the Commonwealth of Puerto Iohannes est nomen John is his name / Juan es su Nombre Rico eius knowledge itself is ipsa scientia Famous phrase written by Sir Francis Bacon in 1597. power potestas est Commonly said in Medieval debates referring to Aristotle. Used in general to emphasize that some assertion comes from some authority, i.e., as an argument from authority, and the term ipse-dixitism he himself said it ipse dixit has come to mean any unsupported rhetorical assertion that lacks a logical argument. Originally coined by Cicero in his De Natura Deorum (I, 10) to describe the behavior of the students of Pythagoras. "Strictly word for word" (cf. verbatim). Often used the very words in Biblical Studies to describe the record of Jesus' ipsissima verba themselves teaching found in the New Testament (specifically, the four Gospels). To approximate the main thrust or message without the very 'voice' itself ipsissima voce using the exact words. by the fact itself Or "by that very fact". ipso facto Like the vast majority of inhabitants of the ancient world, the ancient Romans practiced pagan rituals, wrath of the gods believing it important to achieve a state of pax ira deorum deorum (peace of the gods) instead of ira deorum (wrath of the gods): earthquakes, floods, famine, etc. Wrath (anger) is but ira furor brevis est a brief madness A useful phrase, as the Romans had no word for "yes", preferring to respond to questions with the thus indeed affirmative or negative of the question (e.g., "Are ita vero you hungry?" was answered by "I am hungry" or "I am not hungry", not "Yes" or "No). Loosely: "You have been dismissed". Concluding Go, it is the dismissal words addressed to the people in the Mass of the ite missa est Roman Rite.[20] The path of the law The path a law takes from its conception to its iter legis in vivo

implementation. From Gerhard Gerhards' (1466-1536) [better known as Erasmus] collection of annotated Adagia (1508). to cut the throat of It can mean attacking the work or personality of iugulare mortuos corpses deceased person. Alternatively, it can be used to describe criticism of an individual already heavily criticised by others. also spelled juncta juvant; from the legal principle together they strive quae non valeant singula, iuncta iuvant ("What is iuncta iuvant without value on its own, helps when joined") A legal principle in civil law countries of the Roman-German tradition that says that lawyers need the court knows the not to argue the law, as that is the office of the court. iura novit curia law Sometimes miswritten as iura novat curia (the court renews the laws). Indicates a right exercised by a son on behalf of his in right of his mother iure matris mother. Indicates a right exercised by a husband on behalf of in right of his wife iure uxoris his wife. iuris ignorantia est it is ignorance of the law when we do not cum ius nostrum know our own rights ignoramus Commonly referred to as "right of survivorship": a right of accrual rule in property law that surviving joint tenants have ius accrescendi rights in equal shares to a decedent's property. Refers to the laws that regulate the reasons for going law towards war to war. Typically, this would address issues of selfius ad bellum defense or preemptive strikes. Refers to a fundamental principle of international law considered to have acceptance among the international community of states as a whole. Typically, this would address issues not listed or compelling law defined by any authoritative body, but arise out of ius cogens case law and changing social and political attitudes. Generally included are prohibitions on waging aggressive war, crimes against humanity, war crimes, piracy, genocide, slavery, and torture. Refers to the "laws" that regulate the conduct of combatants during a conflict. Typically, this would law in war address issues of who or what is a valid target, how ius in bello to treat prisoners, and what sorts of weapons can be used. The word jus is also commonly spelled ius. ius primae noctis law of the first night The droit de seigneur. justice - fundamental Motto of the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office of iustitia

fundamentum regni iustitia omnibus iuventutis veho fortunas iuventuti nil arduum

of kingdom

the Czech Republic.

justice for all The motto of Washington, D.C. I bear the fortunes of Motto of Dollar Academy. youth to the young nothing Motto of Canberra Girls' Grammar School. is difficult

[edit] L
Latin Labor omnia vincit Laborare pugnare parati sumus Labore et honore Laboremus pro patria Laboris gloria Ludi Translation Hard work conquers all To work, (or) to fight; we are ready By labour and honour Let us work for the fatherland Work hard, Play hard Notes Popular as a motto; derived from a phrase in Virgil's Eclogue (X.69: omnia vincit Amor – "Love conquers all"); a similar phrase also occurs in his Georgics I.145. Motto of the California Maritime Academy Motto of several schools Motto of the Carlsberg breweries Motto of the Camborne School of Mines, Cornwall, UK A "proglossis", "tip of the tongue" or "apex of the tongue". Often used to mean "linguistic error" or "language mistake". It and its written-word variant, lapsus calami (slip of the pen) can sometimes refers to a typographical error as well. Ex.: "I'm sorry for mispronouncing your name. It wasn't intentional; it was a lapsus linguae". Source of the term memory lapse. One who is discontent with the present but instead prefers things of the past. See "the Good old days". Often used as a salutation, but also used after prayers or the reading of the gospel. This is written on the East side at the peak of the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C. Also is the motto of Sydney Grammar School. Often abbreviated to L.S., used as opening words for a letter. Describes something genuine, true, real, tested, proven, not assumed, not placebo. Used especially in a medical context. The 'art' referred to in the phrase is medicine.

lapsus linguae

slip of the tongue

lapsus memoriae Laudator Temporis Acti Laudetur Jesus Christus laus Deo lectori salutem lege artis

slip of memory praiser of time past Praise (Be) Jesus Christ praise be to God greetings reader according to the law of the art

legem terrae leges humanae nascuntur, vivunt, et moriuntur leges sine moribus vanae legio patria nostra

the law of the land laws of man are born, live and die

laws without From Horace's Odes: the official motto of the University of morals [are] vain Pennsylvania. The Legion is Motto of the French Foreign Legion our fatherland A legal term describing a "forced share", the portion of a deceased person's estate from which the immediate family lawfully legitime cannot be disinherited. From the French héritier legitime (rightful heir). law of the skill The rules that regulate a professional duty. lex artis the law of prayer lex orandi, lex is the law of credendi faith the law of God is lex dei vitae Motto of the Presbyterian Ladies' College, Melbourne the lamp of life lampas the law that The law as it ought to be. lex ferenda should be borne The rule whereby a spouse cannot by deed inter vivos or the law here bequeath by testament to his or her second spouse more lex hac edictali proclaims than the amount of the smallest portion given or bequeathed to any child. law in the event A law that only concerns one particular case. lex in casu the law that has The law as it is. lex lata been borne law of the place lex loci law that has not Unwritten law, or common law. lex non scripta been written law of also known as Occam's Razor. lex parsimoniae succinctness A principle of government advocating a rule by law rather than by men. The phrase originated as a double entendre in the law [is] king the title of Samuel Rutherford's controversial book Lex, Rex lex rex (1644), which espoused a theory of limited government and constitutionalism. written law Statute law. Contrasted with lex non scripta. lex scripta the law of Retributive justice (cf. an eye for an eye). lex talionis retaliation

lex tempus

time is the law

libera te tutemet Free yourself (from hell) (ex inferis)

Name of musical composition by popular Maltese electronic music artist Ray Buttigieg Used in the movie Event Horizon (1997), where it is translated as "save yourself (from hell)". It is initially misheard as liberate me (free me), but is later corrected. Libera te is often mistakenly merged into liberate, which would necessitate a plural pronoun instead of the singular tutemet (which is an emphatic form of tu, you).

Libertas Justitia Veritas Libertas Quae Sera Tamen libra (lb) loco citato (lc) locus classicus

locus deperditus

locus minoris resistentiae

lorem ipsum

luceat lux vestra lucem sequimur luctor et emergo lucus a non lucendo

Liberty Justice Motto of the Korea University. Truth freedom which Thus, "liberty even when it comes late". Motto of Minas [is] however late Gerais, Brazil. Literally "balance". Its abbreviation, lb, is used as a unit of scales weight, the pound. in the place cited More fully written in loco citato. See also opere citato. The most typical or classic case of something; quotation a classic place which most typifies its use. Used in philology to indicate that subsequent mistakes in the tradition of the text have made a passage so corrupted as place of to discourage any attempt of correction. The passage is (irremediable) marked by a crux desperationis ("†"). Somehow close in loss meaning to the modern English expression lost in translation. A medical term to describe a location on or in a body that place of less offers little resistance to infection, damage, or injury. For resistance example, a weakened place that tends to be reinjured. A mangled fragment from Cicero's De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum (On the Limits of Good and Evil, 45 BC), used as sorrow itself, typographer's filler to show fonts (a.k.a. greeking). An pain for its own approximate literal translation of lorem ipsum might be sake "sorrow itself", as the term is from dolorum ipsum quia, meaning "sorrow because of itself", or less literally, "pain for its own sake". Let your light May be found in Matthew Ch. 5 V. 16. Popular as a school shine motto. We follow the Motto of the University of Exeter, United Kingdom light Motto of the Dutch province of Zeeland to denote its battle I struggle and against the sea, and the Athol Murray College of Notre emerge Dame. From late 4th-century grammarian Honoratus Maurus, who [it is] a grove by sought to mock implausible word origins such as those not being light proposed by Priscian. A pun based on the word lucus (dark

lupus in fabula lupus non mordet lupum lux et lex lux et veritas lux ex tenebris lux hominum vita lux in Domino lux libertas lux mentis lux orbis

the wolf in the story a wolf does not bite a wolf light and law light and truth light from darkness life the light of men light in the Lord light, liberty Light of the mind, light of the world

grove) having a similar appearance to the verb lucere (to shine), arguing that the former word is derived from the latter word because of a lack of light in wooded groves. Often used as an example of absurd etymology. With the meaning "speak of the wolf, and he will come". Occurs in Terence's play Adelphoe.

Motto of the Franklin & Marshall College A translation of the Hebrew Urim and Thummim. Motto of several institutions. Motto of the 67th Network Warfare Wing. Motto of the University of New Mexico Motto of the Ateneo de Manila University Motto of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Motto of Sonoma State University

A more literal Latinization of the phrase "let there be light", the most common translation of fiat lux ("let light arise", literally "let light be made"), which in turn is the Latin let there be light Vulgate Bible phrase chosen for the Genesis line " lux sit ; , - " (And God said: 'Let there be light.' And there was light). Motto of the University of Washington. Your Light Motto of St. Julian's School, Carcavelos, Portugal[21] lux tua nos ducat Guides Us

[edit] M
Notes Canonical medieval reference to Aristotle, precluding the teacher has said it magister dixit further discussion Young, cheer up! Macte animo! The motto of Academia da Força Aérea(Air Force Generose puer sic This is the way to the Academy) of the Brazilian Air Force skies. itur ad astra A set of documents between Pope Innocent III, King Great Charter Magna Carta John of England, and English barons. (1215 AD) A common Latin honor, above cum laude and below magna cum laude with great praise summa cum laude. Latin Translation

Magna Europa est Patria Nostra magna est vis consuetudinis magno cum gaudio magnum opus maiora premunt mala fide mala tempora currunt male captus bene detentus malo periculosam libertatem quam quietum servitium

Great Europe is Our Political motto of pan-Europeanists (cf. ave Europa Fatherland nostra vera Patria) great is the power of habit with great joy great work greater things are pressing Said of someone's masterpiece Used to indicate that it is the moment to address more important, urgent, issues. Said of an act done with knowledge of its illegality, in bad faith or with intention to defraud or mislead someone. Opposite of bona fide. Also used ironically, e.g.: New teachers know all bad times are upon us tricks used by pupils to copy from classmates? Oh, mala tempora currunt!. wrongly captured, An illegal arrest will not prejudice the subsequent properly detained detention/trial. I prefer liberty with danger to peace with slavery Alludes to the apple of Eris in the Judgement of Paris, the mythological cause of the Trojan War. It is also a pun based on the near-homonymous word malum apple of discord (evil). The word for "apple" has a long ā vowel in Latin and the word for "evil" a short a vowel, but they are normally written the same. the more common an evil is, the worse it is wrong in itself

malum discordiae

malum quo communius eo peius malum in se

A legal term meaning that something is inherently wrong (cf. malum prohibitum). wrong due to being A legal term meaning that something is only wrong malum prohibited because it is against the law. prohibitum A phrase from Virgil's Aeneid, 6.883, mourning the manibus date lilia give lilies with full death of Marcellus, Augustus' nephew. Quoted by hands Dante as he leaves Virgil in Purgatory, 30.21, echoed plenis by Walt Whitman in Leaves of Grass III, 6. with a military hand Using armed forces in order to achieve a goal manu militari With the implication of "signed by one's hand". Its abbreviated form is sometimes used at the end of manu propria with one's own hand typewritten or printed documents or official notices, (m.p.) directly following the name of the person(s) who "signed" the document exactly in those cases where

manus celer Dei

manus manum lavat mare clausum mare liberum mare nostrum Mater Dei mater facit

Mater semper certa est

mater familias materia medica

me vexat pede

mea culpa

there isn't an actual handwritten signature. Originally used as the name of a ship in the Marathon game series, its usage has spread. In the PlayStation game, Blood Omen: Legacy of Kain, the phrase was written in blood on the walls of a vampire's feeding room. It is assumed that one of the dying victims the swift hand of God wrote it with his fingers. After the game's main character surveys the bloody room, associative logic dictates that the phrase was to deify both the vampire's wrath on shackled, powerless humans and the boundless slaughter of his victims. famous quote from The Pumpkinification of Claudius, one hand washes the ascribed to Seneca the Younger.[22] It implies that one other situation helps the other. In law, a sea under the jurisdiction of one nation and closed sea closed to all others. In law, a sea open to international shipping free sea navigation. A nickname given to the Mediterranean Sea during our sea the height of the Roman Empire, as it encompassed the entire coastal basin. A name given to describe the Virgin Mary, who gave Mother of God birth to Jesus, who is also called the "Son of God." Used as a joke to say Mother Fuck It, though it really Mother Does It means "mother does it" a Roman-law principle which has the power of praesumptio iuris et de iure, meaning that no counterThe mother is always evidence can be made against this principle (literally: certain Presumed there is no counter evidence and by the law). Its meaning is that the mother of the child is always known. the mother of the The female head of a family. See pater familias. family The branch of medical science concerned with the medical matter study of drugs used in the treatment of disease. Also, the drugs themselves. Less literally, "my foot itches". Refers to a trivial it annoys me at the situation or person that is being a bother, possibly in foot the sense of wishing to kick that thing away. Used in Christian prayers and confession to denote the inherently flawed nature of mankind. Can also be my fault extended to mea maxima culpa (my greatest fault). Analogous to the nonstandard modern English slang "my bad".

A relatively common recent Latinization inspired by mea navis My hovercraft is full the Dirty Hungarian Phrasebook sketch by Monty aëricumbens of eels Python. anguillis abundat A well-known sequence, falsely attributed to Notker In the midst of our during the Middle Ages. It was translated by Cranmer media vita in lives we die and became a part of the burial service in the funeral morte sumus rites of the Anglican Book of Common Prayer. Used erroneously as Mediolanum Capta Est by the Milan has been black metal band Mayhem as an album title. Mediolanum captured Mediolanum was an ancient city in present-day captum est Milan, Italy. Carrying the connotation of "always better". The better things meliora motto of the University of Rochester. A relatively common recent Latinization from the joke phrasebook Latin for All Occasions. Melita, domi Honey, I'm home! Grammatically correct, but the phrase would be adsum anachronistic in ancient Rome. Figuratively "be mindful of dying" or "remember your mortality", and also more literally rendered as "remember to die", though in English this ironically remember that [you misses the original intent. An object (such as a skull) memento mori will] die or phrase intended to remind people of the inevitability of death. A more common theme in Christian than in Classical art. The motto of the Trappist order. Also, "remember that you have to live." Literally memento vivere a reminder of life rendered as "remember to live." mindful of what has Thus, both remembering the past and foreseeing the memores acti been done, aware of future. From the North Hertfordshire District Council prudentes futuri what will be coat of arms. From Virgil. Motto of Rossall School, the University the mind moves the mens agitat of Oregon, the University of Warwick and the mass molem Eindhoven University of Technology. mind and hand Motto of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. mens et manus Also "culprit mind". A term used in discussing the guilty mind mens rea mindset of an accused criminal. a sound mind in a mens sana in Or "a sensible mind in a healthy body". sound body corpore sano meminerunt lovers remember all omnia amantes for the sake of the Excusing flaws in poetry "for the sake of the meter" metri causa meter Glorious Soldier Or "Boastful Soldier". Miles Gloriosus is the title of a Miles Gloriosus

play of Plautus. A stock character in comedy, the braggart soldier. (It is said that at Salamanca, there is a wall, on which graduates inscribe their names, where Francisco Franco had a plaque installed reading FRANCISCUS FRANCUS MILES GLORIOSUS.) minatur innocentibus qui parcit nocentibus mirabile dictu mirabile visu he threatens the innocent who spares the guilty wonderful to tell wonderful to see A Roman phrase used to describe a wonderful event/happening. Latin Aeneid of Virgil, Book IV, line 112, "he" referring to the great Roman god, who approved of the settlement of Romans in Africa. Old Motto of Trinidad and Tobago, and used in the novel A Bend in the River by V. S. Naipaul.

He approves of the miscerique probat mingling of the populos et foedera peoples and their jungi bonds of union misera est servitus ubi jus est aut incognitum aut vagum miserabile visu miserere nobis missit me Dominus mittimus

miserable is that state of slavery in which Quoted by Doctor Johnson in his paper for James the law is unknown Boswell on Vicious intromission. or uncertain terrible by the sight A terrible happening or event. A phrase within the Gloria in Excelsis Deo and the have mercy upon us Agnus Dei, to be used at certain points in Christian religious ceremonies. the Lord has sent me A phrase used by Jesus Christ. we send A warrant of commitment to prison, or an instruction for a jailer to hold someone in prison.

mobilis in mobili

"moving in a moving thing" or, poetically, The motto of the Nautilus from the Jules Verne novel "changing through 20000 Leagues Under the Sea. the changing medium" method of operating Usually used to describe a criminal's methods. Loosely "method of affirming", a logical rule of method of placing inference stating that from propositions if P then Q and P, then one can conclude Q. Loosely "method of denying", a logical rule of method of removing inference stating that from propositions if P then Q and not Q, then one can conclude not P. — Dog Latin based on wordplay with modus ponens and

modus operandi
(M.O.)

modus ponens

modus tollens modus morons
(Dog Latin)

modus vivendi montaini semper liberi Montis Insignia Calpe mortui vivos docent

method of living

modus tollens, referring to the common logical fallacy that if P then Q and not P, then one can conclude not Q (cf. denying the antecedent and contraposition). An accommodation between disagreeing parties to allow life to go on. A practical compromise.

mountaineers [are] State motto of West Virginia, adopted in 1872. always free Badge of the Rock of Gibraltar The dead teach the Used to justify dissections of human cadavers in order living to understand the cause of death. used to describe any sexual act in the manner of like beasts more ferarum beasts death before defeat morior invictus morituri nolumus we who are about to From Terry Pratchett's The Last Hero die don't want to mori Used once in Suetonius' De Vita Caesarum 5, (Divus Claudius), chapter 21[23], by the condemned prisoners those who are about manning galleys about to take part in a mock naval morituri te to die salute you battle on Lake Fucinus in AD 52. Popular salutant misconception ascribes it as a gladiator's salute. See also: Ave Caesar morituri te salutant and Naumachia. mors certa, hora death is certain, its hour is uncertain incerta death to all Signifies anger and depression. mors omnibus From medieval Latin, it indicates that battle for mors tua vita mea your death, my life survival, where your defeat is necessary for my victory, survival. death conquers all" or An axiom often found on headstones. mors vincit omnia "death always wins morte magis old age should rather from Juvenal in his 'Satires' metuenda be feared than death senectus From Gerhard Gerhards' (1466-1536) [better known you are flogging a as Erasmus] collection of annotated Adagia (1508). mortuum flagellas dead Criticising one who will not be affected in any way by the criticism. an unwritten code of laws and conduct, of the the custom of our Romans. It institutionalized cultural traditions, mos maiorum ancestors societal mores, and general policies, as distinct from specific laws. Or "by his own accord." Identifies a class of papal on his own initiative motu proprio documents, administrative papal bulls.

mulgere hircum multa paucis multis e gentibus vires multum in parvo mundus vult decipi

to milk a male goat Say much in few words from many peoples, strength much in little

From Gerhard Gerhards' (1466-1536) [better known as Erasmus] collection of annotated Adagia (1508). Attempting the impossible.

Motto of Saskatchewan. Conciseness. The motto of Rutland, a county in central England.
Latin phrases are often multum in parvo, conveying much in few words.

the world wants to be From James Branch Cabell. deceived this one defends and munit haec et the other one Motto of Nova Scotia. altera vincit conquers after changing what Thus, "with the appropriate changes". mutatis mutandis needed to be changed

[edit] N
Translation Notes The unborn is deemed nasciturus pro iam to have been born to Refers to a situation where an unborn child is nato habetur, the extent that his own deemed to be entitled to certain inheritance rights. quotiens de inheritance is commodis eius agitur concerned Pseudo-explanation for why a liquid will climb up nature abhors a natura abhorret a a tube to fill a vacuum, often given before the vacuum vacuo discovery of atmospheric pressure. natura nihil frustra nature does nothing in Cf. Leucippus: "Everything that happens does so vain for a reason and of necessity." facit That is, the natural world is not sentimental or natura non nature is not saddened compassionate. contristatur Shortened form of "sicut natura nil facit per nature does not make a saltum ita nec lex" (just as nature does nothing by natura non facit leap, thus neither does a leap, so neither does the law), referring to both saltum ita nec lex the law nature and the legal system moving gradually. A famous aphorism of Carl Linnaeus stating that all organisms bear relationships on all sides, their natura non facit nature makes no leaps forms changing gradually from one species to the saltus next. From Philosophia Botanica (1751). naturalia non sunt What is natural is not Based on Servius' commentary on Virgil's Latin

turpia naturam expellas furca, tamen usque recurret.

dirty.

Georgics (3:96): "turpis non est quia per naturam venit."

You may drive out You must take the basic nature of something into Nature with a account. pitchfork, yet she still - Horace, Epistles, Book I, epistle iv, line 24. will hurry back. Attributed by Plutarch to Gnaeus Pompeius, who, navigare necesse est to sail is necessary; to during a severe storm, commanded sailors to vivere non est live is not necessary bring food from Africa to Rome. necesse Also nec plus ultra or non plus ultra. A descriptive phrase meaning the best or most extreme example of something. The Pillars of Hercules, for example, were literally the nec plus ultra of the ancient Mediterranean world. Holy nothing more beyond ne plus ultra Roman Emperor Charles V's heraldic emblem reversed this idea, using a depiction of this phrase inscribed on the Pillars—as plus ultra, without the negation. This represented Spain's expansion into the New World. Thus, don't offer your opinion on things that are outside your competence. It is said that the Greek painter Apelles once asked the advice of a cobbler Cobbler, no further on how to render the sandals of a soldier he was ne sutor ultra than the sandal! painting. When the cobbler started offering advice crepidam on other parts of the painting, Apelles rebuked him with this phrase in Greek, and it subsequently became a popular Latin expression. Do not get distracted. Motto for Bishop Cotton nec dextrorsum, nec Neither to the right nor Boys' School and the Bishop Cotton Girls' to the left sinistrorsum School, both located in Bangalore, India. without hope, without nec spe, nec metu fear Refers to the Burning Bush of Exodus 3:2. Motto and yet it was not nec tamen of many Presbyterian churches throughout the consumed consumebatur world, including Australia. neither reckless nor The motto of the Dutch 11th air manoeuvre nec temere nec timid brigade 11 Luchtmobiele Brigade timide neca eos omnes, deus kill them all, God will alternate rendition of Caedite eos. Novit enim know his own. Dominus qui sunt eius. by Arnaud Amalric. suos agnoscet Less literally, "without dissent". Used especially nemine with no one speaking in committees, where a matter may be passed contradicente (nem. against con.) nem. con., or unanimously. nemo dat quod non no one gives what he Thus, "none can pass better title than they have". does not have habet

nemo est supra legis

nobody is above the law

Legal principle that no individual can preside nemo iudex in causa no man shall be a over a hearing in which he holds a specific judge in his own cause sua interest or bias. Also translated to "no peace for the wicked." peace visits not the Refers to the inherent psychological issues that nemo malus felix guilty mind plague bad/guilty people. Motto of the Order of the Thistle, and consequently of Scotland, found stamped on the no one provokes me milled edge of certain British pound sterling nemo me impune with impunity coins. It is also the motto of the Montressors in lacessit the Edgar Allan Poe short story "The Cask of Amontillado" No mortal is wise at nemo mortalium The wisest may make mistakes. omnibus horis sapit all times nemo nisi per No one learns except Used to imply that one must like a subject in amicitiam by friendship order to study it. cognoscitur The short and more common form of "Nemo enim fere saltat sobrius, nisi forte insanit", nemo saltat sobrius Nobody dances sober "Nobody dances sober, unless he is completely insane." A maxim banning mandatory self-incrimination. Near-synonymous with accusare nemo se debet nisi coram Deo. Similar phrases include: nemo tenetur armare adversarium contra se (no one is bound to arm an opponent against himself), meaning that a defendant is not obligated to in any way assist the prosecutor to his own detriment; nemo tenetur edere instrumenta contra no one is bound to nemo tenetur se (no one is bound to produce documents against accuse himself seipsum accusare himself, meaning that a defendant is not obligated to provide materials to be used against himself (this is true in Roman law and has survived in modern criminal law, but no longer applies in modern civil law); and nemo tenere prodere seipsum (no one is bound to betray himself), meaning that a defendant is not obligated to testify against himself. No great man ever Nemo igitur vir magnus sine aliquo existed who did not From Cicero De Natura Deorum, book 2, 167 enjoy some portion of adflatu divino divine inspiration umquam fuit

In war, it is essential to be able to purchase Endless money forms supplies and to pay troops (as Napoleon put it, the sinews of war "An army marches on its stomach"). nothing to do with the That is, in law, irrelevant and / or inconsequential. nihil ad rem point In law, a declination by a defendant to answer he says nothing nihil dicit charges or put in a plea. Or just "nothing new". The phrase exists in two versions: as nihil novi sub sole (nothing new under the sun), from the Vulgate, and as nihil novi nothing of the new nisi commune consensu (nothing new unless by nihil novi the common consensus), a 1505 law of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and one of the cornerstones of its Golden Liberty. A notation, usually on a title page, indicating that a Roman Catholic censor has reviewed the book nothing prevents nihil obstat and found nothing objectionable to faith or morals in its content. See also imprimatur. The motto of the Kingdom of Romania, while Nothing without God ruled by the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty Nihil sine Deo (1878–1947). Motto of the Fitzgibbon family. See John be surprised at nothing nil admirari FitzGibbon, 1st Earl of Clare nothing must be That is, "never despair". nil desperandum despaired at nil mortalibus ardui nothing is impossible From Horace's Odes. Motto of Rathkeale College, for humankind New Zealand. est Short for nil nisi bonum de mortuis dicere. That (about the dead say) is, "Don't speak ill of anyone who has died". Also nothing unless (it is) "Nil magnum nisi bonum" (nothing is great unless nil nisi bonum good good), motto of St Catherine's School, Toorak as well as Pennant Hills High School. no terror, except to the The motto of The King's School, Macclesfield. nil nisi malis terrori bad nil per os, rarely non nothing through the Medical shorthand indicating that oral foods and mouth fluids should be withheld from the patient. per os (n.p.o.) nothing [is] enough Motto of Everton F.C., residents of Goodison nil satis nisi unless [it is] the best Park, Liverpool. optimum Motto of Brisbane Grammar School, Brisbane nothing without labour nil sine labore Girls Grammar School and Victoria School Or "nothing without providence". State motto of nothing without the Colorado, adopted in 1861. Probably derived nil sine numine divine will from Virgil's Aeneid Book II, line 777, "non haec nervos belli, pecuniam infinitam

sine numine divum eveniunt" (these things do not come to pass without the will of Heaven). See also numen. nil volentibus arduum Nothing [is] arduous for the willing Nothing is impossible for the willing

That is, "everything is in vain without God". Summarized from Psalm 127, "nisi Dominus aedificaverit domum in vanum laboraverunt qui aedificant eam nisi Dominus custodierit civitatem if not the Lord, [it is] frustra vigilavit qui custodit" (unless the Lord nisi Dominus frustra in vain builds the house, they work on a useless thing who build it; unless the Lord guards the community, he keeps watch in vain who guards it). The motto of Edinburgh. In England, a direction that a case be brought up to Westminster for trial before a single judge and unless previously jury. In the United States, a court where civil nisi prius actions are tried by a single judge sitting with a jury, as distinguished from an appellate court. That is, "whether unwillingly or willingly". Sometimes rendered volens nolens, aut nolens aut volens or nolentis volentis. Similar to willy-nilly, unwilling, willing nolens volens though that word is derived from Old English will-he nil-he ([whether] he will or [whether] he will not). Commonly translated "touch me not". According do not touch me to the Gospel of John, this was said by Jesus to noli me tangere Mary Magdalene after his resurrection. That is, "Don't upset my calculations!" Said by Archimedes to a Roman soldier who, despite noli turbare circulos Do not disturb my having been given orders not to, killed circles! meos Archimedes at the conquest of Syracuse, Sicily. The soldier was executed for his act. From The Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood "nolite te bastardes "Don't let the bastards — the protagonist (Offred) finds the phrase carborundorum" grind you down inscribed on the inside of her wardrobe. One of (Dog Latin) many variants of Illegitimi non carborundum. A legal motion by a prosecutor or other plaintiff to be unwilling to to drop legal charges, usually in exchange for a nolle prosequi prosecute diversion program or out-of-court settlement. That is, "no contest". A plea that can be entered I do not wish to on behalf of a defendant in a court that states that nolo contendere contend the accused doesn't admit guilt, but will accept punishment for a crime. Nolo contendere pleas

nomen dubium nomen est omen nomen nescio (N.N.) nomen nudum non bis in idem non causa pro causa

doubtful name the name is a sign I do not know the name naked name

cannot be used as evidence in another trial. A scientific name of unknown or doubtful application. Thus, "true to its name". Thus, the name or person in question is unknown. A purported scientific name that does not fulfill the proper formal criteria and therefore cannot be used unless it is subsequently proposed correctly.

non compos mentis

non ducor, duco

non constat

non facias malum ut inde fiat bonum non impediti ratione cogitationis non in legendo sed in intelligendo legis consistunt non liquet

non loqui sed facere

not twice in the same A legal principle forbidding double jeopardy. thing Also known as the "questionable cause" or "false not the cause for the cause". Refers to any logical fallacy where a cause cause is incorrectly identified. See compos mentis. Also rendered non compos sui (not in control of himself). Samuel Johnson, not in control of the author of the first English dictionary, theorized mind that the word nincompoop may derive from this phrase. Motto of São Paulo city, Brazil. See also pro I am not led; I lead Brasilia fiant eximia. Used to explain scientific phenomena and religious advocations, for example in medieval history, for rulers to issue a 'Non Constat' decree, banning the worship of a holy figure. In legal it is not certain context, occasionally a backing for nulling information that was presented by an attorney. Without any tangible proof, Non constat information is difficult to argue for. you should not make More simply, "don't do wrong to do right". The evil in order that good direct opposite of the phrase "the ends justify the may be made from it means". unencumbered by the motto of radio show Car Talk thought process the laws depend not on being read, but on being understood Also "it is not clear" or "it is not evident". A sometimes controversial decision handed down it is not proven by a judge when they feel that the law is not complete. Motto of the University of Western Australia's not talk but action Engineering faculty student society.

non mihi solum

not for myself alone

Non nobis Domine

non nobis solum

non obstante veredicto non olet non omnis moriar non plus ultra non possumus non progredi est regredi non prosequitur non scholae, sed vitae discimus non quis sed quid

non sequitur

non serviam

Motto of Anderson Junior College, Singapore. The title of a Christian hymn and theme-song of the Charismatic Episcopal Church, C.E.C. Protestant denomination, not related to the high Episcopal Church of the ordinary Anglican 'Not to us (oh) Lord' Communion of Christianity. The main theme of the hymn is: 'Non nobis Domine, tuo da glorium.' This is translated as: 'Not to us, (oh) Lord... unto thy name (be) glory.' Appears in Cicero's De Officiis Book 1:22 in the form non nobis solum nati sumus (we are not born not for ourselves alone for ourselves alone). Motto of Lower Canada College, Montreal. A judgment notwithstanding verdict, a legal not standing in the motion asking the court to reverse the jury's way of a verdict verdict on the grounds that the jury could not have reached such a verdict reasonably. it doesn't smell See pecunia non olet. "Not all of me will die", a phrase expressing the I shall not all die belief that a part of the speaker will survive beyond death. nothing further beyond the ultimate not possible to not go forward is to go backward A judgment in favor of a defendant when the he does not proceed plaintiff failed to take the necessary steps in an action within the time allowed. We learn not for from Seneca. Also, motto of the Istanbul Bilgi school, but for life. University. Used in the sense "what matters is not who says it but what he says" – a warning against ad not who but what hominem arguments. Also, motto of Southwestern University. In general, a comment which is absurd due to not making sense in its context (rather than due to being inherently nonsensical or internally it does not follow inconsistent), often used in humor. As a logical fallacy, a conclusion that does not follow from a premise. Possibly derived from a Vulgate mistranslation of I will not serve the Book of Jeremiah. Commonly used in literature as Satan's statement of disobedience to

non sibi non sibi, sed suis non sibi, sed patriae

Not for self. Not for one's self but for one's own. Not for self, but for Country.

God, though in the original context the quote is attributed to Israel, not Satan. A slogan used by many schools and universities. A slogan used by many schools and universities. Including Tulane University. Engraved on the doors of the United States Naval Academy chapel. Also the motto of the USS Halyburton (FFG-40) A slogan used by the Ku Klux Klan.

Not for self, but for non silba, sed others; God will anthar; Deo vindice vindicate. non sum qualis eram I am not such as I was non teneas aurum totum quod splendet ut aurum non timebo mala non vi, sed verbo

nosce te ipsum

nosus decipio noster nostri nota bene (n.b.) novus ordo seclorum nulla dies sine linea

nulla poena sine lege nulla tenaci invia est via

Or "I am not the kind of person I once was". Expresses a change in the speaker. Also, "All that glitters is not gold." Parabolae. Do not hold as gold all Also used by Shakespeare in The Merchant of that shines as gold. Venice. This is the phrase printed on the Colt, in I will fear no evil Supernatural. Not through violence, Martin Luther on Catholic church reform. (see but through the word Protestant Reformation) alone From Cicero, based on the Greek γνῶθι σεαυτόν (gnothi seauton), inscribed on the Temple of know thyself Apollo at Delphi. A non-traditional Latin rendering, temet nosce (thine own self know), is translated in The Matrix as "know thyself". As translated in Amazing Grace (2006 film), "we we cheat cheat." From verb decipere: to ensnare, trap, beguile, deceive, cheat. Literally "Our ours" Approximately "Our hearts beat as one." mark well That is, "please note" or "note it well". From Virgil. Motto on the Great Seal of the new order of the ages United States. Similar to Novus Ordo Mundi (New World Order). Not a day without a Pliny the Elder attributes this maxim to Apelles, line drawn. an ancient Greek artist. Refers to the legal principle that one cannot be no penalty without a punished for doing something that is not law prohibited by law, and is related to Nullum crimen, nulla poena sine praevia lege poenali. For the tenacious, no Motto of the Dutch car builder Spyker. road is impassable.

nullam rem natam

no thing born

nulli secundus nullius in verba

second to none On the word of no man

That is, "nothing". It has been theorized that this expression is the origin of Italian nulla, French rien, and Spanish and Portuguese nada, all with the same meaning. Motto of the Coldstream Guardsand Nine Squadron Royal Australian Corps of Transport and the Pretoria Regiment. Motto of the Royal Society.

Legal principle meaning that one cannot be nullum crimen, nulla no crime, no penalised for doing something that is not poena sine praevia punishment without a prohibited by law. It also means that penal law previous penal law lege poenali cannot be enacted retroactively. nullum magnum There has been no ingenium sine great wisdom without mixtura dementiae an element of madness fuit A method to limit the number of students who closed number numerus clausus may study at a university. The motto of the University of WisconsinGod our light numen lumen Madison. beginning of the Song of Simeon, from the now you send nunc dimittis Gospel of Luke. Carpe-Diem-type phrase from the Odes of now is the time to Horace, Nunc est bibendum, nunc pede libero nunc est bibendum drink pulsanda tellus (Now is the time to drink, now the time to dance footloose upon the earth). Something that has retroactive effect, is effective now for then nunc pro tunc from an earlier date. now I know what love nunc scio quid sit From Virgil, Eclogues VIII. is amor nunquam minus never less alone than solus quam cum when alone. solus Motto of the Scottish clan Johnston & the Irish sept O'Donoghue. Also motto of The Grange nunquam non never unprepared School, a British school located in Santiago, paratus Chile.

[edit] O
Latin o homines ad Translation Notes men fit to be slaves! attributed (in Tacitus, Annales, III, 65) to the Roman

servitutem paratos

o tempora, o mores obiit (ob.) obit anus, abit onus

Oh, the times! Oh, the morals! one died

Emperor Tiberius, in disgust at the servile attitude of Roman senators; said of those who should be leaders but instead slavishly follow the lead of others also translated "What times! What customs!"; from Cicero, Catilina I, 1, 2 "He/she died", inscription on gravestones; ob. also sometimes stands for obiter (in passing or incidentally)

The old woman dies, Arthur Schopenhauer the burden is lifted Forget private Roman political saying which reminds that common obliti privatorum, affairs, take care of good should be given priority over private matters publica curate public ones for any person having a responsibility in the State in law, an observation by a judge on some point of law not directly relevant to the case before him, and a thing said in thus neither requiring his decision nor serving as a obiter dictum passing precedent, but nevertheless of persuasive authority. In general, any comment, remark or observation made in passing the truth being obscuris vera enveloped by from Virgil involvens obscure things the obscure by An explanation that is less clear than what it tries to obscurum per means of the more explain; synonymous with ignotum per ignotius obscurius obscure Ophthalmologist shorthand oculus dexter (O.D.) right eye oculus sinister (O.S.) left eye let them hate, so favorite saying of Caligula, attributed originally to oderint dum long as they fear Lucius Accius, Roman tragic poet (170 BC) metuant opening of Catullus 85; the entire poem reads, "odi et amo quare id faciam fortasse requiris / nescio sed I hate and I love fieri sentio et excrucior" (I hate and I love. Why do I odi et amo do this, you perhaps ask. / I do not know, but I feel it happening and am tormented) I hate the unholy odi profanum rabble and keep from Horace vulgus et arceo them away name for the special hatred generated in theological odium theologicum theological hatred disputes from Erasmus' (1466–1536) collection of annotated (pour) oil on the fire oleum camino Adagia all [the hours] omnes vulnerant, usual in clocks, reminding the reader of death postuma necat or wound, last one kills

omnes feriunt, ultima necat omne ignotum pro magnifico omnia cum deo every unknown thing [is taken] for great all with God or "everything unknown appears magnificent" motto for Mount Lilydale Mercy College, Lilydale, Victoria, Australia or "everything sounds more impressive when said in Latin"; a more common phrase with the same meaning is quidquid Latine dictum sit altum videtur (whatever said in Latin, seems profound) Ovid (43 BC – 17 AD), Metamorphoses, book XV, line 165 1 Corinthians 9:22 Virgil (70 BC – 19 BC), Eclogue X, line 69 foundational concept of modern biology, opposing the theory of spontaneous generation

everything said [is] omnia dicta fortiora stronger if said in si dicta Latina Latin omnia mutantur, nihil interit omnia omnibus omnia vincit amor

everything changes, nothing perishes all things to all men love conquers all every living thing is omne vivum ex ovo from an egg everything [is] pure omnia munda from The New Testament to the pure [men] mundis all things are omnia presumed to be praesumuntur legitime facta donec lawfully done, until in other words, "innocent until proven guilty" it is shown [to be] in probetur in the reverse contrarium motto of Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, usually the same to all accompanied by a sun, which shines for (almost) omnibus idem everyone Let there be omnibus locis fit slaughter Julius Caesar's The Gallic War, 7.67 caedes everywhere every translation is a corruption of the original; the every translator is a omnis traductor reader should take heed of unavoidable traitor traditor imperfections everyone a tiger motto of the 102nd Intelligence Wing omnis vir tigris miscellaneous collection or assortment; often used omnium gatherum gathering of all facetiously burden of proof onus probandi burden of a party to adduce evidence that a case is burden of procedure onus procedendi an exception to the rule all works collected works of an author opera omnia posthumous works works published after the author's death opera posthuma act of doing scholastic phrase, used to explain that there is no operari sequitur

something follows the act of being in the work that was opere citato (op. cit.) cited esse opere et viritate opere laudato (op.
laud.)

in action and truth

possible act if there is not being: being is absolutely necessary for any other act used in academic works when referring again to the last source mentioned or used doing what you believe is morally right through everyday actions See opere citato

operibus anteire ophidia in herba opus anglicanum Opus Dei ora et labora ora pro nobis oratio directa oratio obliqua

orbis non sufficit

orbis unum ordo ab chao orta recens quam pura nites

leading the way with to speak with actions instead of words deeds a snake in the grass any hidden danger or unknown risk fine embroidery, especially used to describe church English work vestments The Work of God Catholic organisation pray and work frequently used as motto pray for us direct speech expressions from Latin grammar indirect speech from Satires of Juvenal (Book IV/10), referring to Alexander the Great; James Bond's adopted family the world does not motto in the novel On Her Majesty's Secret Service; suffice or the world it made a brief appearance in the film adaptation of is not enough the same name and was later used as the title of the nineteenth James Bond film, The World Is Not Enough. one world seen in The Legend of Zorro out of chaos, comes one of the oldest mottos of Craft Freemasonry.[24] order newly risen, how Motto of New South Wales. brightly you shine

[edit] P
Latin pace pace tua pacta sunt servanda Notes "With all due respect to", "with due deference to", "by leave of", or "no offense to". Used to politely in peace acknowledge someone who disagrees with the speaker or writer. your peace Thus, "with your permission". agreements must be Also "contracts must be honoured". Indicates the kept binding power of treaties. Translation

no reward without Also "dare to try"; motto of numerous schools. effort let whoever wins the Achievement should be rewarded – motto of the palm bear it University of Southern California. From Juvenal, Satire X, line 81. Originally described all that was needed for emperors to placate the Roman panem et bread and circuses mob. Today used to describe any entertainment used to circenses distract public attention from more important matters. From "Si vis pacem para bellum" if you want peace prepare for war since if a country is ready for war its prepare for war para bellum enemies will not attack. Can be used to denote support or approval for a war or conflict. A public policy requiring courts to protect the best parent of the nation interests of any child involved in a lawsuit. See also parens patriae Pater Patriae. with equal step Thus, "moving together", "simultaneously", etc. Pari passu Implies that the weak are under the protection of the the small under the strong, rather than that they are inferior. Motto of parva sub ingenti huge Prince Edward Island. When you are Motto of Barnard Castle School, sometimes translated parvis imbutus steeped in little as "Once you have accomplished small things, you tentabis grandia things, you shall safely attempt great may attempt great ones safely" tutus things. Less literally, "throughout" or "frequently". Said of a word that occurs several times in a cited text. Also here and there passim used in proofreading, where it refers to a change that is to be repeated everywhere needed. Or "master of the house". The eldest male in a family, who held patria potestas ("paternal power"). In Roman law, a father had enormous power over his children, father of the family wife, and slaves, though these rights dwindled over pater familias time. Derived from the phrase pater familias, an Old Latin expression preserving the archaic -as ending for the genitive case. Also rendered with the gender-neutral parens patriae father of the nation Pater Patriae ("parent of the nation"). The traditional beginning of a Roman Catholic father, I have sinned pater peccavi confession. A more direct translation would be "omnipotent Pater Father Almighty father". Omnipotens Said to be one of Carl Gauss's favorite quotations. pauca sed matura few, but ripe Used in The King and I by Rodgers and Hammerstein. palma non sine pulvere palmam qui meruit ferat

pauca sed bona pax aeterna Pax Americana Pax Britannica Pax Christi pax Dei

few, but good eternal peace American Peace British Peace Peace of Christ peace of God

Pax Deorum

Peace of the Gods

Pax Domine pax et bonum pax et justitia pax et lux pax in terra Pax Europaea Pax Hispanica pax maternum, ergo pax familiarum Pax Mongolica Pax Romana Pax Sinica pax tecum pax vobiscum

peace, lord peace and the good peace and justice peace and light peace on earth "European peace" Spanish Peace peace of mothers, therefore peace of families Mongolian Peace Roman Peace Chinese Peace peace be with you peace [be] with you

Similar to "quality over quantity"; though there may be few of something, at least they are of good quality. A common epitaph. A euphemism for the United States of America and its sphere of influence. Adapted from Pax Romana. A euphemism for the British Empire. Adapted from Pax Romana. Used as a wish before the Holy Communion in the Catholic Mass, also the name of the peace movement Pax Christi Used in the Peace and Truce of God movement in 10th-century France. Like the vast majority of inhabitants of the ancient world, the Romans practiced pagan rituals, believing it important to achieve a state of Pax Deorum (The Peace of the Gods) instead of Ira Deorum (The Wrath of the Gods). lord or master; used as a form of address when speaking to clergy or educated professionals. Motto of St. Francis of Assisi and, consequently, of his monastery in Assisi; translated in Italian as pace e bene. Motto of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Motto of Tufts University and various schools. Also written as "Pax et Lvx". Used to exemplify the desired state of peace on earth. A euphemism for Europe after World War II A euphemism for the Spanish Empire. Specifically can mean the twenty-three years of supreme Spanish dominance in Europe (approximately 1598–1621). Adapted from Pax Romana. If the mother is peaceful, then the family is peaceful. The opposite of the Southern American saying, "If mama ain't happy, ain't nobody happy." A period of peace and prosperity in Asia during the Mongol Empire. A period of relative prosperity and lack of conflict in the early Roman Empire. A period of peace in East Asia during times of strong Chinese hegemony. (singular) A common farewell. The "you" is plural ("you all"), so

the phrase must be used when speaking to more than one person; pax tecum is the form used when speaking to only one person. Telegraph message and pun from Charles Napier, British general, upon completely subjugating the I have sinned Indian province of Sindh in 1842. This is, arguably, the peccavi most terse military despatch ever sent. The story is apocryphal. According to Suetonius' De vita Caesarum, when Emperor Vespasian was challenged by his son Titus for taxing the public lavatories, the emperor held up a pecunia non olet money doesn't smell coin before his son and asked whether it smelled or simply said non olet ("it doesn't smell"). From this, the phrase was expanded to pecunia non olet, or rarely aes non olet ("copper doesn't smell"). if you know how to use money, money is pecunia, si uti Written on an old Latin tablet in downtown Verona scis, ancilla est; si your slave; if you (Italy). don't, money is your nescis, domina master punishment comes That is, retribution comes slowly but surely. From pede poena limping Horace, Odes, 3, 2, 32. claudo the work hangs pendent opera From the Aeneid of Virgil, Book IV. interrupted interrupta By, through, by See specific phrases below. per means of through difficulties per angusta ad The motto of numerous educational establishments. to greatness augusta Thus, "yearly"—occurring every year. per annum (pa.) per year through adversity Motto of the British RAF Regiment per ardua through hard work, Motto of University of Birmingham, Methodist Ladies' per ardua ad alta great heights are College, Perth achieved Motto of the air force of several nations (including the Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom) and of through adversity to per ardua ad several schools. The phrase is used by Latin Poet the stars astra Virgil in the Aeneid; also used in Henry Rider Haggard's novel The People of the Mist. From Seneca the Younger. Motto of NASA and the South African Air Force. A common variant, ad astra through hardships to per aspera ("to the stars through hardships"), is the per aspera ad the stars state motto of Kansas. Ad Astra ("To the Stars") is the astra title of a magazine published by the National Space Society. De Profundis Ad Astra ("From the depths to

the stars.") is the motto of the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society. per capsulam per capita through the small box by heads That is, "by letter".

"Per head", i.e., "per person", a ratio by the number of persons. The singular is per caput. through the contrary Or "on the contrary" (cf. a contrario). per contra Legal term meaning "by the court", as in a per curiam through the senate per curiam decision. through the cross we Motto of St John Fisher Catholic High School, per crucem shall conquer Dewsbury. vincemus through the Thus, "by definition". per definitionem definition Thus, "per day". A specific amount of money an by day organization allows an individual to spend per day, per diem (pd.) typically for travel expenses. Motto of the Royal Marines and (with small per mare per By Sea and by Land difference) of Clan Donald and the Compagnies terram Franches de la Marine. Thus, "per month", or "monthly". per mensem (pm.) by month through the mouth Medical shorthand for "by mouth". per os (p.o.) Used of a certain place can be traversed or reached by by feet foot, or to indicate that one is travelling by foot as per pedes opposed to by a vehicle. Also rendered per procurationem. Used to indicate that a person is signing a document on behalf of another person. Correctly placed before the name of the person per procura (p.p.) through the agency signing, but often placed before the name of the person or (per pro) on whose behalf the document is signed, sometimes through incorrect translation of the alternative abbreviation per pro. as "for and on behalf of". In a UK legal context: "by reason of which" (as opposed to per se which requires no reasoning). In by reason of which per quod American jurisprudence often refers to a spouse's claim for loss of consortium. per rectum (pr) through the rectum Medical shorthand. See also per os. Also "by itself" or "in itself". Without referring to anything else, intrinsically, taken without through itself per se qualifications, etc. A common example is negligence per se. See also malum in se. Used in wills to indicate that each "branch" of the through the roots testator's family should inherit equally. Contrasted with per stirpes per capita.

through unity, strength through truth, per veritatem vis strength per unitatem vis per volar sunata[sic]

Motto of Texas A&M University Corps of Cadets. Motto of Washington University in St. Louis.

Motto of St Aidan's Anglican Girls' School and St Margaret's Anglican Girls' School The phrase is not "born to soar" from Latin but from Dante's Purgatorio, Canto XII, 95, the Italian phrase "per volar sù nata". from Virgil's Aeneid IV 114; in Vergil's context: advance, I follow perge sequar "proceed with your plan, I will do my part." thing in perpetual A musical term. Also used to refer to hypothetical perpetuum motion perpetual motion machines. mobile An unwelcome, unwanted or undesirable person. In diplomatic contexts, a person rejected by the host government. The reverse, persona grata ("pleasing persona non person not pleasing person"), is less common, and refers to a diplomat grata acceptable to the government of the country to which he is sent. Begging the question, a logical fallacy in which a request of the proposition to be proved is implicitly or explicitly petitio principii beginning assumed in one of the premises. pious longings Or "dutiful desires". pia desideria Or "dutiful deceit". Expression from Ovid. Used to pious fraud pia fraus describe deception which serves Church purposes. Or "tender mother". Translated into Latin from Arabic. pious mother The delicate innermost of the three membranes that pia mater cover the brain and spinal cord. Thus, "he painted this" or "she painted this". Formerly one painted pinxit used on works of art, next to the artist's name. The first-person plural pronoun when used by an pluralis plural of majesty important personage to refer to himself or herself; also majestatis known as the "royal we". Frequently found on Roman funerary inscriptions to plus minusve more or less (p.m.v.) denote that the age of a decedent is approximate. The national motto of Spain and a number of other further beyond plus ultra institutions. Motto of the Colombian National Armada. Life was spared with a thumb tucked inside a closed pollice compresso goodwill decided by fist, simulating a sheathed weapon. Conversely, a favor iudicabatur compressed thumb thumb up meant to unsheath your sword. Used by Roman crowds to pass judgment on a defeated gladiator. The type of gesture used is uncertain. Also with a turned thumb pollice verso the name of a famous painting depicting gladiators by Jean-Léon Gérôme.

Any obstacle that stupid people find hard to cross. Originally used of Euclid's Fifth Proposition in geometry. Or "Supreme Pontiff". Originally an office in the Roman Republic, later a title held by Roman Emperors, and later a traditional epithet of the pope. The pontifices were the most important priestly college Pontifex Greatest High Priest of the religion in ancient Rome; their name is usually Maximus thought to derive from pons facere ("to make a bridge"), which in turn is usually linked to their religious authority over the bridges of Rome, especially the Pons Sublicius. Thus, to be able to be made into part of a retinue or posse comitatus force of the county force. In common law, a sheriff's right to compel people to assist law enforcement in unusual situations. after it or by means Causality between two phenomena is not established post aut propter of it (cf. post hoc, ergo propter hoc). Medical shorthand for "after meals" (cf. ante cibum). post cibum (p.c.) after food After sex After sexual intercourse. post coitum After sexual post coitum omne intercourse every Or: triste est omne animal post coitum, praeter animal triste est animal is sad, except mulierem gallumque. Attributed to Galen of sive gallus et the cock and the Pergamum.[25] mulier woman A logical fallacy where one assumes that one thing after this, therefore post hoc ergo happening after another thing means that the first thing because of this propter hoc caused the second. The title of a West Wing episode. after the feast Too late, or after the fact. post festum post meridiem after midday The period from noon to midnight (cf. ante meridiem). pons asinorum bridge of asses
(p.m.)

post mortem (pm) after death Post mortem auctoris (p.m.a.) post nubila phoebus post prandial post scriptum
(p.s.)

after the author's death

Usually rendered postmortem. Not to be confused with post meridiem. The phrase is used in legal terminology in the context of intellectual property rights, especially copyright, which commonly lasts until a certain number of years after the author's death.

after the clouds, the Motto of the University of Zulia, Venezuela. sun after the time before Refers to the time after any meal. Usually rendered midday postprandial. A postscript. Used to mark additions to a letter, after after what has been the signature. Can be extended to post post scriptum written (p.p.s.), etc.

post tenebras lux, after darkness, [I or post tenebras hope for] light spero lucem we grow in the postera crescam esteem of future laude generations forewarned is praemonitus forearmed praemunitus Lead in order to praesis ut prosis serve, not in order to ne ut imperes rule. after the law praeter legem Prague, Mother of Praga mater Cities urbium Praga Caput Rei Prague, Head of the Republic publicae Prague, Head of the Praga Caput Kingdom Regni

Motto of the Protestant Reformation inscribed on the Reformation Wall in Geneva from Vulgata, Job 17:12. Former motto of Chile; motto of Robert College of Istanbul. Motto of the University of Melbourne.

Motto of Lancaster Royal Grammar School. Legal terminology, international law. Motto of Praha from 1927 Motto of Praha from 1991 Motto of Praha from Middle Ages Motto of Burnley Football Club; from Ovid's Metamorphoses, 4.739 (Latin/English): "The Tale of Perseus and Andromeda": resoluta catenis incedit virgo, pretiumque et causa laboris. ("freed of her chains the virgin approaches, cause and reward of the enterprise.") Used to designate evidence in a trial which is suggestive, but not conclusive, of something (e.g., a person's guilt). Literally "at first light" A sentence by the American anthropologist Earnest Hooton and the slogan of primatologists and lovers of the primates. Or "first thing able to be moved". See primum movens. Or "first moving one". A common theological term, such as in the cosmological argument, based on the assumption that God was the first entity to "move" or "cause" anything. Aristotle was one of the first philosophers to discuss the "uncaused cause", a hypothetical originator—and violator—of causality. A medical precept. Often falsely attributed to the Hippocratic Oath, though its true source is probably a paraphrase from Hippocrates' Epidemics, where he

pretiumque et causa laboris

The prize and the cause of our labour

prima facie prima luce

at first sight

at dawn I am a primate; primas sum: nothing about primatum nil a primates is outside of me alienum puto my bailiwick primum mobile first moving thing

primum movens prime mover

primum non nocere

first, to not harm

wrote, "Declare the past, diagnose the present, foretell the future; practice these acts. As to diseases, make a habit of two things: to help, or at least to do no harm." primus inter first among equals pares principia probant principles prove; they are not proved non probantur prior tempore potior iure earlier in time, stronger in law A title of the Roman Emperors (cf. princeps). Fundamental principles require no proof; they are assumed a priori. A legal principle that older laws take precedent over newer ones. Another name for this principle is lex posterior. Often abbreviated pro bono. Work undertaken voluntarily at no expense, such as public services. Often used of a lawyer's work that is not charged for. Motto of São Paulo state, Brazil. Motto of many institutions. serving the interests of a given perspective or for the benefit of a given group. Motto of the Diocesan College (Bishops). Or "as a matter of form". Prescribing a set form or procedure, or performed in a set manner. Motto of Prussia Request of a state court to allow an out-of-state lawyer to represent a client. It is part of the Rite of Consecration of the wine in Western Christianity tradition, as part of the Mass. Pro Patria Medal: for operational service (minimum 55 days) in defence of the Republic South Africa or in the prevention or suppression of terrorism; issued for the Border War (counter-insurgency operations in South West Africa 1966–89) and for campaigns in Angola (1975–76 and 1987–88). Motto of The Royal Canadian Regiment and Royal South Australia Regiment. Motto of the United States Army Signal Corps. to defend oneself in court without counsel. (see also: pro se) i.e., proportionately. Found on the Leeds coat of arms Medical shorthand for "as the occasion arises" or "as

pro bono publico for the public good pro Brasilia fiant let exceptional things be made for Brazil eximia pro deo et patria For God and Country for (one’s own) pro domo home or house for faith and pro fide et patria fatherland pro forma pro gloria et patria pro hac vice pro multis for form for glory and fatherland for this occasion for many

pro patria

for country

watchful for the country [propria persona for pro per self for the rate pro rata pro rege et lege for king and the law pro re nata (PRN, for a thing that has pro patria vigalans

prn)

been born

needed". Also "concerning a matter having come into being". Used to describe a meeting of a special Presbytery or Assembly called to discuss something new, and which was previously unforeseen (literally: "concerning a matter having been born").

pro studio et labore pro se

for study and work for oneself to defend oneself in court without counsel. Some jurisdictions prefer, "pro per". Denotes something that has only been partially fulfilled. A philosophical term indicating the acceptance of a theory or idea without fully accepting the explanation Equivalent to English phrase "for the time being". Denotes a temporary current situation. A Medieval Latin term for breaking in a new pen.

pro tanto

for so much

pro tempore

for the time

probatio pennae testing of the pen propria manu "by one's own hand"
(p.m.)

propter vitam vivendi perdere causas provehito in altum proxime accessit proximo mense
(prox.)

to destroy the reasons for living for the sake of life launch forward into the deep he came next in the following month we are dust and shadow

That is, to squander life's purpose just in order to stay alive, and live a meaningless life. From Juvenal, Satyricon VIII, verses 83–84. Motto of Memorial University of Newfoundland, as well as of the band 30 Seconds to Mars.. The runner-up. Formerly used in formal correspondence to refer to the next month. Used with ult. ("last month") and inst. ("this month"). From Horace, Carmina book IV, 7, 16. Thus, the essential or most notable point. The salient point.

pulvis et umbra sumus

punctum saliens leaping point

[edit] Q
Latin qua patet orbis quaecumque sunt vera quaecumque vera doce me Translation Notes "as far as the world Motto of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps extends" Motto of Northwestern University. Also motto of "whatsoever is the University of Alberta as quaecumque vera. true" Taken from Phillipians 4:8 of the Bible "Teach me Motto of St. Joseph's College, Edmonton at the whatsoever is true" University of Alberta.

"what alone is not quae non prosunt useful helps when singula multa iuvant accumulated" quaere "to seek"

Ovid, Remedia amoris

Or "you might ask..." Used to suggest doubt or to ask one to consider whether something is correct. Often introduces rhetorical or tangential questions. Also quaerite primo regnum dei. Motto of "seek ye first the Newfoundland and Labrador. Motto of Shelford quaerite primum kingdom of God" Girls' Grammar, St Columb's College, and regnum Dei Philharmonic Academy of Bologna. "As what kind of Or "What a craftsman dies in me!" Attributed to qualis artifex pereo artist do I perish?" Nero in Suetonius' De vita Caesarum. I.e., "[while on] good behavior." So for example the Act of Settlement 1701 stipulated that judges' Legal Latin: "as commissions are valid quamdiu se bene gesserint quamdiu (se) bene long as he shall (during good behaviour). It was from this phrase gesserit have behaved well" that Frank Herbert extracted the name for the Bene Gesserit sisterhood in the Dune novels. "When all else Mock-Latin phrase said at the end of The Red Green quando omni fails, play dead" Show. flunkus, mortati "as much as Medical shorthand for "as much as you wish". quantum libet (q.l.) pleases" "as much as is Medical shorthand for "as much as needed" or "as quantum sufficit (qs) enough" much as will suffice". Medical shorthand. Also quaque die (qd), "every "every hour" day", quaque mane (qm), "every morning", and quaque hora (qh) quaque nocte (qn), "every night". An action of trespass; thus called, by reason the writ "wherefore he demands the person summoned to answer to quare clausum fregit broke the close" wherefore he broke the close (quare clausum fregit), i.e. why he committed such a trespass. "four times a day" Medical shorthand. quater in die (qid) "Whom the gods quem deus vult would destroy, they perdere, dementat first make insane" prius Other translations of diligunt include "prize especially" or "esteem". From Plautus, Bacchides, "he whom the gods IV, 7, 18. In this comic play, a sarcastic servant says quem di diligunt this to his aging master. The rest of the sentence adulescens moritur love dies young" reads: dum valet sentit sapit ("while he is healthy, perceptive and wise"). From the Summoner's section of Chaucer's General "I ask what law?" questio quid iuris Prologue to The Canterbury Tales, line 648.

Common nonsensical Dog Latin misrendering of the Latin phrase cui bono ("who benefits?"). literally qui instead Unused in English, but common in other modern of quo (medieval languages (for instance Italian, Polish and French). qui pro quo Latin) Used as a noun, indicates a misunderstanding. Thus, silence gives consent. Sometimes qui tacet consentire "he who is silent is accompanied by the proviso "ubi loqui debuit ac taken to agree" potuit", that is, "when he ought to have spoken and videtur was able to". Generally known as 'qui tam,' it is the technical legal qui tam pro domino "he who brings an term for the unique mechanism in the federal False action for the king Claims Act that allows persons and entities with rege quam pro se as well as for evidence of fraud against federal programs or ipso in hac parte himself" contracts to sue the wrongdoer on behalf of the sequitur Government. "he who wants qui totum vult totum everything loses Attributed to Seneca. perdit everything" "he who Or "he who brought us across still supports us", meaning God. State motto of Connecticut. qui transtulit sustinet transplanted still sustains" Originally written as sustinet qui transtulit in 1639. Attributed to Julius Caesar by Plutarch, Caesar 10. Translated loosely as "because even the wife of Caesar may not be suspected". At the feast of Bona Dea, a sacred festival for females only, which was being held at the Domus Publica, the home of the Pontifex Maximus, Caesar, and hosted by his second "because he should wife, Pompeia, the notorious politician Clodius quia suam uxorem wish even his wife arrived in disguise. Caught by the outraged etiam suspiciore to be free from noblewomen, Clodius fled before they could kill vacare vellet suspicion" him on the spot for sacrilege. In the ensuing trial, allegations arose that Pompeia and Clodius were having an affair, and while Caesar asserted that this was not the case and no substantial evidence arose suggesting otherwise, he nevertheless divorced, with this quotation as explanation. What's happening? What's going on? What's the "What's going on?" quid agis news? What's up? In the Vulgate translation of John 18:38, Pilate's question to Jesus. A possible answer is an anagram "What is truth?" quid est veritas of the phrase: est vir qui adest, "it is the man who is here." "What of the new Less literally, "What's new from Africa?" Derived quid novi ex Africa out of Africa?" from an Aristotle quotation. qui bono "who with good"

quid pro quo

quid nunc

quidquid Latine dictum sit altum videtur

Quieta non movere

quis custodiet ipsos custodes?

quis leget haec? quis separabit? quis ut Deus quo amplius eo amplius quo errat demonstrator quo fata ferunt

quo usque tandem

Commonly used in English, it is also translated as "this for that" or "a thing for a thing". Signifies a "what for what" favor exchanged for a favor. The traditional Latin expression for this meaning was do ut des ("I give, so that you may give"). Commonly shortened to quidnunc. As a noun, a quidnunc is a busybody or a gossip. Patrick "What now?" Campbell worked for The Irish Times under the pseudonym "Quidnunc". Or "anything said in Latin sounds profound". A recent ironic Latin phrase to poke fun at people who "whatever has been seem to use Latin phrases and quotations only to said in Latin seems make themselves sound more important or deep" "educated". Similar to the less common omnia dicta fortiora si dicta Latina. "don't move settled things" Commonly associated with Plato who in the Republic poses this question; and from Juvenal's On Women, referring to the practice of having eunuchs "Who will guard guard women and beginning with the word sed the guards ("but"). Usually translated less literally, as "Who themselves?" watches the watchmen?" This translation is a common epigraph, such as of the Tower Commission and Alan Moore's Watchmen comic book series. "Who will read this?" "who will separate Motto of the Order of St. Patrick. us?" Usually translated "Who is like unto God?" "Who [is] as God?" Questions who would have the audacity to compare himself to a Supreme Being. "Something more Apocryphally credited to Borges, House on Nob Hill beyond plenty" (unauthorized Morgenstern translation, c. 1962) "where the prover A pun on ''quod erat demonstrandum''. errs" "where the fates Motto of Bermuda. bear us to" From Cicero's Ad Catilinam speech to the Roman Senate regarding the conspiracy of Catiline: quo "For how much usque tandem abutere Catilina patientia nostra longer?" ("For how much longer, Catiline, will you abuse our patience?").

quo vadis

"Where are you going?"

quod erat demonstrandum
(Q.E.D.)

"what was to be demonstrated"

quod erat faciendum "which was to be (Q.E.F) done" quod est (q.e.)

According to Vulgate translation of John 13:36, Saint Peter asked Jesus Domine, quo vadis ("Lord, where are you going?"). The King James Version has the translation "Lord, whither goest thou?" The abbreviation is often written at the bottom of a mathematical proof. Sometimes translated loosely into English as "The Five Ws", W.W.W.W.W., which stands for "Which Was What We Wanted". Or "which was to be constructed". Used in translations of Euclid's Elements when there was nothing to prove, but there was something being constructed, for example a triangle with the same size as a given line.

"which is" "what is asserted quod gratis asseritur, without reason may If no grounds have been given for an assertion, then be denied without there are no grounds needed to reject it. gratis negatur reason" If an important person does something, it does not "what is permitted necessarily mean that everyone can do it (cf. double quod licet Iovi, non to Jupiter is not standard). Iovi (also commonly rendered Jovi) is the licet bovi permitted to an ox" dative form of Iuppiter ("Jupiter" or "Jove"), the chief god of the Romans. Thought to have originated with Elizabethan playwright Christopher Marlowe. Generally interpreted to mean that that which motivates or "what nourishes me quod me nutrit me drives a person can consume him or her from destroys me" destruit within. This phrase has become a popular slogan or motto for pro-ana websites, anorexics and bulimics. In this case the phrase is literally describing food. "what nature does Refers to the Spanish University of Salamanca, quod natura non dat not give, meaning that education cannot substitute the lack of Salmantica non Salamanca does not brains. praestat provide" "What I have Pilate to the chief priests (John 19:22). Quod scripsi, scripsi. written I have written." Used after a term or phrase that should be looked up elsewhere in the current document or book. For "which see" quod vide (q.v.) more than one term or phrase, the plural is quae vide (qq.v.). "Whatever He tells More colloquially: "Do whatever He [God] tells you Quodcumque dixerit you, that you shall to do." Instructions of Mary to the servants at the vobis, facite do." Wedding at Cana. Motto of East Catholic High

School. (John 2:5). quomodo vales quorum quos amor verus tenuit tenebit Quot capita tot sensus quot homines tot sententiae "how are you?" "of whom" "Those whom true love has held, it will go on holding" "As many heads, so many opinions" "how many people, so many opinions" The number of members whose presence is required under the rules to make any given meeting constitutional. Seneca. "There are as many opinions as there are heads." -Terence. Or "there are as many opinions as there are people".

[edit] R
Latin Translation radix malorum "the root of evils is desire" est cupiditas "Rare bird" ("very Rara avis (Rarissima avis) rare bird") ratio decidendi ratio legis ratione personae ratione soli "reasoning for the decision" "reasoning of law" "because of the person involved" "by account of the ground" Notes Or "greed is the root of all evil". Theme of the Pardoner's Tale from The Canterbury Tales. An extraordinary or unusual thing. From Juvenal's Satires: rara avis in terris nigroque simillima cygno ("a rare bird in the lands, and very like a black swan"). The legal, moral, political, and social principles used by a court to compose a judgment's rationale. A law's foundation or basis. Also "Jurisdiction Ratione Personae" the personal reach of the courts jurisdiction.[26] Or "according to the soil". Assigning property rights to a thing based on its presence on a landowner's property. More literally, "by the thing". From the ablative of res ("thing" or "circumstance"). It is a common misconception that the "Re:" in correspondence is an abbreviation for regarding or reply; this is not the case for traditional letters. However, when used in an e-mail subject, there is evidence that it functions as an abbreviation of regarding rather than the Latin word for thing. The use of Latin re, in the sense of "about, concerning", is English usage. The doctrine that treaty obligations hold only as long as the fundamental conditions and expectations that existed at the time of their creation hold. Also "just and faithful" and "accurately and faithfully". Motto of Ruyton Girls' School

re

"[in] the matter of"

rebus sic stantibus recte et fideliter

"with matters standing thus" "Upright and Faithful"

reductio ad absurdum

reductio ad infinitum

regnat populus Regnum Mariae Patrona Hungariae rem acu tetigisti

repetita juvant repetitio est mater studiorum requiescat in pace (R.I.P.) rerum cognoscere causas

A common debate technique, and a method of proof in mathematics and philosophy, that proves the thesis by showing that its opposite is absurd or logically untenable. In general usage outside mathematics and "leading back to the philosophy, a reductio ad absurdum is a tactic in which absurd" the logic of an argument is challenged by reducing the concept to its most absurd extreme. Translated from Aristotle's "ἡ εις άτοπον απαγωγη" (hi eis atopon apagogi, "reduction to the impossible"). An argument that creates an infinite series of causes that does not seem to have a beginning. As a fallacy, it rests upon Aristotle's notion that all things must have a cause, "leading back to the but that all series of causes must have a sufficient cause, infinite" that is, an unmoved mover. An argument which does not seem to have such a beginning becomes difficult to imagine. State motto of Arkansas, adopted in 1907. Originally "the people rule" rendered in 1864 in the plural, regnant populi ("the peoples rule"), but subsequently changed to the singular. "Kingdom of Mary, the Patron of Former motto of Hungary. Hungary" "You have touched the point with a i.e., "You have hit the nail on the head" needle" Usually said as a jocular remark to defend the speaker's "repeating does (or writer's) choice to repeat some important piece of good" information to ensure reception by the audience. "repetition is the mother of study" "let him rest in peace" "to learn the causes of things" Or "may he rest in peace". A benediction for the dead. Often inscribed on tombstones or other grave markers. "RIP" is commonly mistranslated as "Rest In Peace", though the two mean essentially the same thing. Motto of the University of Sheffield, the University of Guelph, and London School of Economics. A phrase used in law representing the belief that certain statements are made naturally, spontaneously and without deliberation during the course of an event, they leave little room for misunderstanding/misinterpretation upon hearing by someone else ( i.e. by the witness who will later repeat the statement to the court) and thus the

res gestae

"things done"

courts believe that such statements carry a high degree of credibility. A phrase from the common law of torts meaning that negligence can be inferred from the fact that such an accident happened, without proof of exactly how. A "the thing speaks for clause sometimes (informally) added on to the end of res ipsa loquitur itself" this phrase is sed quid in infernos dicit ("but what the hell does it say?"), which serves as a reminder that one must still interpret the significance of events that "speak for themselves". A matter which has been decided by a court. Often refers to the legal concept that once a matter has been "judged thing" res judicata finally decided by the courts, it cannot be litigated again (cf. non bis in idem and double jeopardy). respice adspice "look behind, look i.e., "examine the past, the present and future". Motto of here, look ahead" CCNY. prospice i.e., "have regard for the end" or "consider the end". "look back at the Generally a memento mori, a warning to remember one's respice finem end" death. Regarded as a legal maxim in agency law, referring to the legal liability of the principal with respect to an employee. Whereas a hired independent contract acting "let the superior respondeat tortiously may not cause the principal to be legally respond" superior liable, a hired employee acting tortiously will cause the principal (the employer) to be legally liable, even if the employer did nothing wrong. "restoration to Principle behind the awarding of damages in common restitutio in original condition" law negligence claims integrum From rēs ("things, facts") the plural of rēs ("a thing, a fact") + nōn ("not") + verba ("words") the plural of "actions speak louder verbum ("a word"). Literally meaning "things, not res, non verba than words" words" or "facts instead of words" but referring to that "actions be used instead of words". Goods without an owner. Used for things or beings which belong to nobody and are up for grabs, e.g., "nobody's property" res nullius uninhabited and uncolonized lands, wandering wild animals, etc. (cf. terra nullius, "no man's land"). "king even of faithful Latin motto that appears on the crest of the Trinity rex regum kings" Broadcasting Network of Paul and Jan Crouch. fidelum et The rigidity of corpses when chemical reactions cause the limbs to stiffen about 3–4 hours after death. Other "stiffness of death" signs of death include drop in body temperature (algor rigor mortis mortis, "cold of death") and discoloration (livor mortis, "bluish color of death").

risum teneatis, amici? Roma invicta

"Can you help laughing, friends?" "Unconquerable Rome"

An ironic or rueful commentary, appended following a fanciful or unbelievable tale. Inspirational motto inscribed on the Statue of Rome. An intentionally garbled Latin phrase from Monty Python's Life of Brian. Its intended meaning is "Romans, go home!", but is actually closer to "'People called Romanes they go the house'", according to a centurion in the movie. When Brian is caught vandalizing the palace walls with this phrase, rather than punish him, the centurion corrects his Latin grammar, explaining that Romanus is a second declension noun and has its plural in -i rather than -es; that ire or eo ("to go") must be in the imperative mood to denote a command; and that domus takes the accusative case without a preposition as the object. The final result of this lesson is the correct Latin phrase Romani ite domum.

Romanes eunt domus

"Romanes go the house"

rosa rubicundior lilio candidior omnibus formosior semper in te glorior rus in urbe

"redder than the rose, whiter than the lilies, fairer than all things, From the Carmina Burana's song "Si puer cum puellula". I do ever glory in thee" Generally used to refer to a haven of peace and quiet "A countryside in the within an urban setting, often a garden, but can refer to city" interior decoration.

[edit] S
Latin saltus in demonstrando salus in arduis Notes a leap in logic, by which a necessary part of an "leap in explaining" equation is omitted. "a stronghold (or a Roman Silver Age maxim, also the school motto refuge) in difficulties" of Wellingborough School. From Cicero's De Legibus, book III, part III, sub. "the welfare of the VIII. Quoted by John Locke in his Second people is to be the Treatise, On Civil Government, to describe the highest law" proper organization of government. Also the state motto of Missouri. Refers to two expressions that can be "with truth intact" interchanged without changing the truth value of the statements in which they occur. Translation

salus populi suprema lex esto

salva veritate

Salvator Mundi

"Savior of the World"

Christian epithet, usually referring to Jesus. The title of paintings by Albrecht Dürer and Leonardo da Vinci.

"save for error and salvo errore et Appears on statements of "account currents". omission" omissione (s.e.e.o.) salvo honoris titulo "save for title of honor"
(SHT)

Sancta Sedes Sancta Simplicitas

"Holy Chair"

"Holy Innocence" "With holiness and Sancte Et Sapienter with wisdom" Sanctum "Holy of Holies" Sanctorum

sapere aude

"dare to be wise"

More literally, "Sacred Seat". Refers to the Papacy or the Holy See. Or "Sacred Simplicity". Also "Sancte Sapienter" ("holiness, wisdom"), motto several institutions. referring to a more sacred and/or guarded place, within a lesser guarded, yet also holy location. From Horace's Epistularum liber primus, Epistle II, line 40. Popularized by its use in Kant's What is Enlightenment? to define the Enlightenment. Frequently used in mottos; also the name of an Australian Heavy Metal band.

sapientia et doctrina sapienta et eloquentia

"wisdom and learning" Motto of Fordham University, New York. "knowledge and eloquence" Motto of Christchurch Girls' High School, New Zealand. Motto of University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Motto of Universidad de las Américas, Puebla, Cholula, México. From Plautus. Indicates that something can be understood without any need for explanation, as long as the listener has enough wisdom or common sense. Often extended to dictum sapienti sat est ("enough has been said for the wise", commonly translated as "a word to the wise is enough"). Motto of the United States Coast Guard Academy.

sapientia et veritas "wisdom and truth" sapientia et virtus sapientia, pax, fraternitas "wisdom and virtue" "Wisdom, Peace, Fraternity"

sapienti sat

"enough for the wise"

scientiae cedit mare

scientia ac labore

"The sea yields to knowledge" "Knowledge through [hard] work" or "By means of knowledge and hard work" or "Through knowledge and [hard] work"

Motto of several institutions.

scientia, aere perennius scientia cum religione scientia imperii decus et tutamen scientia vincere tenebras scientia ipsa potentia est scio scire quod sciendum scribimus indocti doctique poemata passim scuto amoris divini

"Knowledge, more lasting than bronze" "Religion and knowledge united" "Knowledge is the adornment and safeguard of the Empire" "Conquering darkness by science" "For also knowledge itself is power" "I know" "knowledge which is worth having" "Each desperate blockhead dares to write"

Unknown origin. Motto of St. Vincent's College, Potts Point.

Motto of Imperial College London.

Motto of several institutions. Stated originally by Sir Francis Bacon in Meditationes Sacrae (1597), which in modern times is often paraphrased as scientia potentia est or "knowledge is power." The motto of now defunct publisher Small, Maynard & Company as translated by Philip Francis. From Horace, Epistularum liber secundus (1, 117)[27] and quoted in Fielding's Tom Jones; lit: "Learned or not, we shall write poems without distinction" The motto of Skidmore College in seculo seculorum, amen. End of Pater Noster Romans 8:26 Synonymous with Sancta Sedes. Used in biological classification to indicate that there is no agreement as to which higher order grouping a taxon should be placed into. Abbreviated sed. incert. The "seat" is the Holy See, and the vacancy refers to the interregnum between two popes.

"by the shield of God's love" "Forever and Ever" seculo seculorum "But the same Spirit sed ipse spiritus postulat pro nobis, intercedes incessantly for us, with gemitibus inexpressible groans" inenarrabilibus "apostolic chair" sedes apostolica sedes incertae seat (i.e. location) uncertain

"with the seat being vacant" "always towards better Motto of several institutions. semper ad meliora things" Motto of Carl Jacobsen and name of a line of "always burning" semper ardens beers by Danish brewery Carlsberg. personal motto of Elizabeth I, appears above her royal coat of arms. Used as motto of Elizabeth "always the same" semper eadem College, Guernsey, Channel Islands, which was founded by Elizabeth I, and of Ipswich School, to sede vacante

semper excelsius semper fidelis semper fortis semper instans semper invicta semper liber semper paratus semper primus

"always higher" "always faithful" "always brave" "always threatening" "always invincible" "always free" "always prepared" "always first"

whom Elizabeth granted a royal charter. Motto of the K.A.V. Lovania Leuven. Motto of several institutions. One of the most well known institutions that uses this as a motto is the United States Marine Corps. Motto of the United States Navys' Submarine Service. Motto of 846 NACS Royal Navy. Motto of Warsaw. Motto of the city of Victoria, British Columbia. Motto of several institutions. One of the most well known institutions that uses this as a motto is the United States Coast Guard. A phrase deriving from the Nadere Reformatie movement in the seventeenth century Dutch Reformed Church and widely but informally used in Reformed and Presbyterian churches today. It refers to the conviction of certain Reformed Protestant theologians that the church must continually re-examine itself in order to maintain its purity of doctrine and practice. The term first appeared in print in Jodocus van Lodenstein, Beschouwinge van Zion ("Contemplation of Zion"), Amsterdam, 1674.[28] A common English-New Latin translation joke. The phrase is nonsensical in Latin, but the English translation is a pun on "always wear underwear". Motto of several institutions. Also the motto of the city of San Diego, California. The motto of Scottish Police Forces, Scotland. The official name of the Roman Republic. "SPQR" was carried on battle standards by the Roman legions. In addition to being an ancient Roman motto, it remains the motto of the modern city of Rome. Less literally, "in the wide sense". Less literally, "in the strict sense". In an effort to understand why things may be happening contrary to expectations, or even in alignment with them, this idiom suggests that

semper reformanda

"always in need of being reformed"

semper ubi sub ubi semper vigilans semper vigilo

"always where under where" "always vigilant" "always vigilant"

Senatus Populusque "The Senate and the People of Rome" Romanus (SPQR) "with the broad, or general, meaning" "with the tight meaning" "follow the money"

sensu lato sensu stricto cf.
stricto sensu

sequere pecuniam

serviam

"I will serve"

keeping track of where money is going may show the basis for the observed behavior. Similar in spirit to the phrase 'cui bono' ('who gains?') or 'cui prodest' ('who advances?'), but outside those phrases' historically legal context. The answer of St. Michael the Archangel to the non serviam, "I will not serve" of Satan, when the angels were tested by God on whether they will serve an inferior being, a man, Jesus, as their Lord.

servus servorum Dei

sesquipedalia verba

Si hoc legere scis nimium eruditionis habes si omnes... ego non si peccasse negamus fallimur et nulla est in nobis veritas si quid novisti rectius istis, candidus imperti; si nil, his utere mecum. si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice

"servant of the servants A title for the pope. of God" From Horace's Ars Poetica, "proicit ampullas et sesquipedalia verba" ("he throws down his high"words a foot and a half flown language and his foot-and-a-half-long long" words"). A self-referential jab at long words and needlessly elaborate language in general. "If you can read this, you have too much education." "if all ones... not I" From Christopher Marlowe's The Tragical "if we refuse to make a History of Doctor Faustus, where the phrase is mistake, we are translated "if we say that we have no sin, we deceived, and there's no deceive ourselves, and there's no truth in us". (cf. truth in us" 1 John 1:8 in the New Testament) "if you can better these principles, tell me; if Horace, Epistles I:6, 67–68 not, join me in following them" Said to have been based on the tribute to architect Christopher Wren in St Paul's Cathedral, London, "if you seek a delightful which reads si monumentum requiris circumspice peninsula, look around" ("if you seek a memorial, look around"). State motto of Michigan, adopted in 1835. This quote is often attributed to the Latin philosopher Boethius of the late fifth and early "If you had kept your sixth centuries. It translates literally as, "If you silence, you would had been silent, you would have remained a have stayed a philosopher." The phrase illustrates a common use philosopher" of the subjunctive verb mood. Among other functions it expresses actions contrary to fact. Sir Humphrey Appleby translated it to the PM as: "If

si tacuisses, philosophus mansisses

si vales valeo (SVV)

"if you are well, I am well"

si vis amari ama

"If you want to be loved, love" "if you want peace, prepare for war"

si vis pacem, para bellum

sic

"thus"

"thus and not" "we gladly feast on sic gorgiamus allos those who would subjectatos nunc subdue us" "so it begins" sic infit sic et non sic itur ad astra sic passim sic semper erat, et sic semper erit "thus you shall go to the stars" "Thus here and there" "Thus has it always been, and thus shall it ever be"

you'd kept your mouth shut we might have thought you were clever". A common beginning for ancient Roman letters. Also extended to si vales bene est ego valeo ("if you are well, that is good; I am well"), abbreviated to SVBEEV. The practice fell out of fashion and into obscurity with the decline in Latin literacy. This quote is often attributed to the Roman philosopher Seneca. From Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, Epitoma rei militaris. Origin of the name parabellum for some ammunition and firearms, such as the Luger Parabellum. (Similar to igitur qui desiderat pacem, praeparet bellum) Or "just so". States that the preceding quoted material appears exactly that way in the source, despite any errors of spelling, grammar, usage, or fact that may be present. Used only for previous quoted text; ita or similar must be used to mean "thus" when referring to something about to be stated. More simply, "yes and no". Mock-Latin motto of The Addams Family.

From Virgil, Aeneid book IX, line 641. Possibly the source of the ad astra phrases. Motto of several institutions. Used when referencing books; see passim.

Attributed to Brutus at the time of Julius Caesar's assassination, and to John Wilkes Booth at the time of Abraham Lincoln's assassination; whether it was actually said at either of these events is sic semper tyrannis "thus always to tyrants" disputed. Shorter version from original sic semper evello mortem tyrannis ("thus always death will come to tyrants"). State motto of Virginia, adopted in 1776. "thus passes the glory A reminder that all things are fleeting. During sic transit gloria of the world" Papal Coronations, a monk reminds the pope of mundi

his mortality by saying this phrase, preceded by pater sancte ("holy father") while holding before his eyes a burning paper illustrating the passing nature of earthly glories. This is similar to the tradition of a slave in Roman triumphs whispering "memento mori". Or "use your property in such a way that you do "use [what is] yours so not damage others'". A legal maxim related to sic utere tuo ut as not to harm [what is] property ownership laws, often shortened to alienum non laedas of others" simply sic utere ("use it thus"). Or "such is life". Indicates that a circumstance, "thus is life" whether good or bad, is an inherent aspect of sic vita est living. signetur (sig) or (S/) "let it be labeled" Medical shorthand Motto of the Institute of the Brothers of the "Sign of the Faith" signum fidei Christian Schools. Latinization of the English expression "silence is silentium est "silence is golden" golden". Also Latinized as silentium est aurum aureum ("silence is gold"). "like cures like" and "let like be cured by like"; "similar things take the first form ("curantor") is indicative, while the similia similibus care of similar things" second form ("curentor") is subjunctive. The curantur indicative form is found in Paracelsus (16th "let similar things take century), while the subjunctive form is said by similia similibus care of similar things" Samuel Hahnemann, founder of homeopathy, and curentur is known as the law of similars. "simplicity is the sign expresses a sentiment akin to Keep It Simple, simplex sigillum of truth" Stupid veri Used in bibliographies to indicate that the date of "without a year" sine anno (s.a.) publication of a document is unknown. Originally from old common law texts, where it indicates that a final, dispositive order has been "without a day" made in the case. In modern legal context, it sine die means there is nothing left for the court to do, so no date for further proceedings is set. "without anger and Thus, impartially. From Tacitus, Annals 1.1. sine ira et studio fondness" Used in bibliographies to indicate that the place of "without a place" sine loco (s.l.) publication of a document is unknown. Used in bibliographies to indicate that the "without a name" sine nomine (s.n.) publisher of a document is unknown. "Without penalty, there Refers to the ineffectiveness of a law without the sine poena nulla lex is no law" means of enforcement

sine qua non sine remediis medicina debilis est sine scientia ars nihil est sisto activitatem sit nomine digna sit sine labe decus sit tibi terra levis sit venia verbo sol iustitiae illustra nos sol lucet omnibus sol omnia regit

sola fide

sola gratia

sola lingua bona est lingua mortua

sola scriptura sola nobilitat virtus soli Deo gloria
(S.D.G.)

Used to denote something that is an essential part of the whole. See also condicio sine qua non. "without remedies Inscription on the stained-glass in the conference medicine is powerless" hall of pharmaceutical mill in Kaunas "without knowledge, Motto of The International Diving Society skill is nothing" Phrase, used to cease the activities of the Sejm "I cease the activity" upon the liberum veto principle "may it be worthy of Motto of Rhodesia the name" "let honour stainless Motto of the Brisbane Boys' College (Brisbane, be" Australia). "may the earth be light Commonly used on gravestones, often contracted to you" as S.T.T.L., the same way as today's R.I.P. "may there be forgiveness for the Similar to the English idiom "pardon my French". word" "Sun of Justice, shine Motto of Utrecht University upon us" "the sun shines on everyone", Petronius, Satyricon Lybri 100 "the sun rules over Inscription near the entrance to Frombork everything" Museum The material principle of the Protestant Reformation and one of the five solas, referring to "by faith alone" the Protestant claim that the Bible teaches that men are saved by faith even without works. A motto of the Protestant Reformation and one of the five solas, referring to the Protestant claim "by grace alone" that salvation is an unearned gift (cf. ex gratia), not a direct result of merit. "the only good language is a dead Example of dog Latin humor. language" The formal principle of the Protestant Reformation and one of the five solas, referring to "by scripture alone" the Protestant idea that the Bible alone is the ultimate authority, not the pope or tradition. "Virtue alone ennobles" A motto of the Protestant Reformation and one of "glory to God alone" the five solas, referring to the idea that God is the creator of all good things and deserves all the "without which not"

solus Christus

"Christ alone"

praise for them. Johann Sebastian Bach often signed his manuscripts with the abbreviation S.D.G. to invoke this phrase, as well as with AMDG (ad maiorem Dei gloriam). A motto of the Protestant Reformation and one of the five solas, referring to the Protestant claim that the Bible teaches that Jesus is the only mediator between God and mankind. Also rendered solo Christo ("by Christ alone"). The problem is solved by taking a walk, or by simple experiment. from Euripides's Telephus, Agamemnon to Menelaus.[29]

"I alone" "It is solved by solvitur ambulando walking" Spartam nactus es; "your lot is cast in Sparta, be a credit to it" hanc exorna specialia "special departs from generalibus general" derogant speculum "mirror of mirrors" speculorum "he has restored hope" spem reduxit solus ipse

spiritus mundi

"spirit of the world"

spiritus ubi vult spirat

"the spirit spreads wherever it wants"

splendor sine occasu

"brightness without setting"

stamus contra malo

"we stand against by evil"

stante pede

"with a standing foot"

Motto of New Brunswick. From The Second Coming (poem) by William Butler Yeats. Refers to Yeats' belief that each human mind is linked to a single vast intelligence, and that this intelligence causes certain universal symbols to appear in individual minds. The idea is similar to Carl Jung's concept of the collective unconscious. Refers to The Gospel of Saint John 3:8, where he mentions how Jesus told Nicodemus "The wind blows wherever it wants, and even though you can hear its noise, you don't know where it comes from or where it goes. The same thing happens to whomever has been born of the Spirit". It is the motto of Cayetano Heredia University[30] Loosely "splendour without diminishment" or "magnificence without ruin". Motto of British Columbia. The motto of the Jungle Patrol in The Phantom. The phrase actually violates Latin grammar because of a mistranslation from English, as the preposition contra takes the accusative case. The correct Latin rendering of "we stand against evil" would be "stamus contra malum". "Immediately".

stare decisis stat sua cuique dies statim (stat)

status quo status quo ante bellum stercus accidit stet stet fortuna domus stipendium peccati mors est strenuis ardus cedunt stricto sensucf. sensu
stricto

stupor mundi

sua sponte

sub anno sub cruce lumen

sub divo

"to stand by the decided To uphold previous rulings, recognize precedent. things" "There is a day [turn] Virgil, Aeneid, X 467 for everybody" Medical shorthand used following an urgent "immediately" request. The current condition or situation. Also status quo ante ("the situation in which [things were] "the situation in which" before"), referring to the state of affairs prior to some upsetting event (cf. reset button technique). "the state before the A common term in peace treaties. war" "shit happens" Attributed to David Hume. Marginal mark in proofreading to indicate that "let it stand" something previously deleted or marked for deletion should be retained. "let the fortune of the First part of the motto of Harrow School, house stand" England. From Christopher Marlowe's The Tragical "the reward of sin is History of Doctor Faustus. (See Rom 6:23, "For death" the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.") "the heights yield to Motto on the coat of arms of the University of endeavour" Southampton, England. "with the tight Less literally, "in the strict sense". meaning" The title by which Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, was known. More literally translated "the wonder of the "the bewilderment of the world", or, in its world" original, pre-Medieval sense, "the stupidity of the world". Motto of the U.S. Army Rangers. Also a legal term when a court takes up a motion on its own "by its own accord" initiative, not because any of the parties to the case has made the motion. Commonly abbreviated sa, it is used in citing "under the year" annals, which record events by year. Motto of the University of Adelaide, Australia. "The Light Under the Refers to the figurative "light of learning" and the Cross" Southern Cross constellation, Crux. Also, "under the sky", "in the open air", "out in "under the wide open the open" or "outdoors". Ablative "divo" does not sky" distinguish divus, divi, a god, from divum, divi,

sub finem sub judice

"toward the end" "under a judge"

sub poena

"under penalty"

sub rosa

"under the rose"

sub silentio sub specie aeternitatis sub specie Dei sub tuum praesidium Sub umbra floreo sub verbo; sub voce sublimis ab unda

"under silence" "under the sight of eternity" "under the sight of God" "Beneath thy compassion" "Under the shade I flourish"

the sky. Used in citations to refer to the end of a book, page, etc., and abbreviated 's.f.' Used after the page number or title. E.g., 'p. 20 s.f. ' Said of a case that cannot be publicly discussed until it is finished. Also sub iudice. Commonly rendered subpoena. Said of a request, usually by a court, that must be complied with on pain of punishment. Examples include subpoena duces tecum ("take with you under penalty"), a court summons to appear and produce tangible evidence, and subpoena ad testificandum ("under penalty to testify"), a summons to appear and give oral testimony. "In secret", "privately", "confidentially" or "covertly". In the Middle Ages, a rose was suspended from the ceiling of a council chamber to indicate that what was said in the "under the rose" was not to be repeated outside. This practice originates in Greek mythology, where Aphrodite gave a rose to her son Eros, and he, in turn, gave it to Harpocrates, the god of silence, to ensure that his mother's indiscretions—or those of the gods in general, in other accounts—were kept under wraps. implied but not expressly stated. Thus, "from eternity's point of view". From Spinoza, Ethics. "from God's point of view or perspective". Name of the oldest extant hymn to the Theotokos (Blessed Virgin Mary). Also "under your protection". A popular school motto. National Motto of Belize, referring to the shade of the mahogany tree. Under the word or heading, as in a dictionary; abbreviated s.v. Motto of King Edward VII and Queen Mary School, Lytham

"Raised from the waves" subsiste sermonem "stop speaking immediately" statim "One doesn't sing on Saying from Haná region Sudetia non cantat the Sudeten Mountains"

In a class of its own. Capable of responsibility. Has both legal and "Of one's own right" sui iuris ecclesiastical use. Commonly rendered sui juris. A gravestone inscription to remind the reader of the inevitability of death (cf. memento mori). Also "I am what you will be" rendered fui quod sis ("I have been what you are") sum quod eris and tu fui ego eris ("I have been you, you will be I"). from Augustine's Sermon No. 76[31]; also a 2-part "I am what I am" sum quod sum episode in the webcomic Heroes. summa cum laude "with highest praise" Literally "sum of sums". When a short conclusion summa summarum "all in all" is rounded up at the end of some elaboration. Literally "highest good". Also summum malum "the supreme good" summum bonum ("the supreme evil"). From Cicero (De officiis, I, 10, 33). An acritical application of law, without understanding and respect of laws's purposes and without considering the overall circumstances, is often a "supreme justice, summum ius, means of supreme injustice. A similar sentence supreme injustice" summa iniuria appears in Terence (Heautontimorumenos, IV, 5): Ius summum saepe summa est malitia ("supreme justice is often out of supreme malice (or wickedness)"). From Virgil, Aeneid. Followed by et mentem mortalia tangunt ("and mortal things touch my "there are tears for sunt lacrimae mind"). Aeneas cries as he sees Carthaginian things" rerum temple murals depicting the deaths of the Trojan War. See also hinc illae lacrimae. sunt omnes unum "they are all one" "Children are children, sunt pueri pueri, and children do childish anonymous proverb pueri puerilia things" tractant Used in the context of titles of nobility, for "in one's own right" instance where a wife may hold a title in her own suo jure right rather than through her marriage. Also rendered suo moto. Usually used when a court of law, upon its own initiative, (i.e., no "upon one's own petition has been filed) proceeds against a person suo motu initiative" or authority that it deems has committed an illegal act. It is used chiefly in South Asia.[citation needed] "Knowledge crowns suos cultores The motto of Syracuse University, New York. those who seek Her" scientia coronat sui generis

"Of its own kind"

super fornicam supero omnia surdo oppedere surgam sursum corda suum cuique tribuere s.v.

"on the lavatory" "I surpass everything" "to belch before the deaf" "I shall rise" "Lift up your hearts"

Where Thomas More accused the reformer, Martin Luther, of going to celebrate Mass. A declaration that one succeeds above all others. From Erasmus' collection of annotated Adagia (1508): a useless action. Motto of Columbia University's Philolexian Society.

One of Justinian I's three basic precepts of law. "to render to every man Also shortened to suum cuique ("to each his his due" own"). Abbreviation for sub voce or Sub verbo (see above).

[edit] T
Latin Translation Notes Thus, "blank slate". Romans used to write on waxcovered wooden tablets, which were erased by scraping with the flat end of the stylus. John Locke used the term to describe the human mind at birth, before it had acquired any knowledge.

tabula rasa

"scraped tablet"

tabula gratulatoria talis qualis taliter qualiter tarde venientibus ossa technica impendi nationi

"congratulatory tablet" A list of congratulations.

"just as such" "Such as it is" or "as such". "somewhat" "To the late are left the bones" "Technology impulses Motto of Technical University of Madrid nations" A reference to γνῶθι σεαυτόν, which was inscribed in the pronaos of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, "know thyself" temet nosce according to the Greek periegetic writer Pausanias (10.24.1). Literally "Heroic Times". Refers to the period of time Tempora "Heroic Age" between the mythological Titanomachy and the Heroica (relatively) historical Trojan War. "They can kill you, but The motto of the fictional Enfield Tennis Academy in Te occidere the legalities of eating the David Foster Wallace novel Infinite Jest. possunt sed te you are quite a bit Translated in the novel as "They can kill you, but the edere non legalities of eating you are quite a bit dicier". possunt nefas est dicier" "the times are Variant of omnia mutantur et nos mutamur in illis, tempora

changing, and we attributed to Lothair I. See entry for details. change in them" "time, devourer of all Also "time, that devours all things", or more literally, things" "time, devouring of things". From Ovid. Commonly mistranslated as "time flies" due to the "time flees" similar phrase tempus volat hora fugit ("time flies, the tempus fugit hour flees"). "time, commander of tempus rerum all things" imperator Name of song by popular Irish singer Enya tempus vernum "spring time" "time flies, the hour tempus volat Or "time speeds while the hour escapes". flees" hora fugit The way must be tried motto for York University tentanda via Suetonius attributes this to Julius Caesar, from when teneo te Africa "I hold you, Africa!" Caesar was on the African coast. Medical shorthand for "three times a day". ter in die (t.i.d.) "thrice in a day" "The hour finishes the terminat hora A Latin phrase concluding Christopher Marlowe's diem; terminat day; the author play Doctor Faustus.[32] finishes his work." auctor opus. In archaeology or history, refers to the date before which an artifact or feature must have been deposited. Used with terminus post quem ("limit after which"). terminus ante "limit before which" Similarly, terminus ad quem ("limit to which") may quem also refer to the latest possible date of a non-punctual event (period, era, etc.), while terminus a quo ("limit from which") may refer to the earliest such date. "unknown southern terra australis First name used to refer to the Australian continent. land" incognita "solid land" Often used to refer to the ground. terra firma terra incognita "unknown land" Also Latin name of Newfoundland (island portion of Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, "new land" terra nova capital- St. John's), also root of French name of same, Terre-Neuve That is, no man's land. A neutral or uninhabited area, "land of none" or a land not under the sovereignty of any recognized terra nullius political entity. Or "let them give light to the world". An allusion to Isaiah 6.3: plena est omnis terra gloria eius ("the "let them illuminate whole earth is full of his glory"). Sometimes terras irradient the lands" mistranslated as "they will illuminate the lands" based on mistaking irradiare for a future indicative thirdconjugation verb, whereas it is actually a present mutantur et nos mutamur in illis tempus edax rerum

subjunctive first-conjugation verb. Motto of Amherst College; the college's original mission was to educate young men to serve God. A logical axiom that a claim is either true or false, tertium non "a third is not given" with no third option. datur 1. Something that cannot be classified into either of two groups considered exhaustive; an intermediate "a third something" tertium quid thing or factor. 2. A third person or thing of indeterminate character. testis unus, testis "one witness is not a A law principle expressing that a single witness is not witness" enough to corroborate a story. nullus Danaos being a term for the Greeks. In Virgil's Aeneid, II, 49, the phrase is said by Laocoön when warning his fellow Trojans against accepting the timeo Danaos et "I fear Greeks even if Trojan Horse. The full original quote is quidquid id they bring gifts" est timeo Danaos et dona ferentis, quidquid id est dona ferentes meaning "whatever it is" and ferentis being an archaic form of ferentes. Commonly mistranslated "Beware of Greeks bearing gifts". A Latin proverb. Occasionally appears on loading timidi mater non "A coward's mother does not weep" screens in the game Rome: Total War. flet A Latin refrain originating in the response to the seventh lesson in the Office of the Dead. In the "the fear of death timor mortis Middle Ages, this service was read each day by confounds me" conturbat me clerics. As a refrain, it appears also in other poems and can frequently be found inscribed on tombs. This Latin phrase represents the desire to offer ones life in total commitment to another. The motto was "totally yours" totus tuus adopted by Pope John Paul II to signify his love and servitude to Mary the Mother of Jesus. Used to express the belief in the transfer of imperial translatio "transfer of rule" authority from the Roman Empire of antiquity to the imperii Medieval Holy Roman Empire. A decree by the medieval Church that all feuds should be cancelled during the Sabbath—effectively from "Truce of God" treuga Dei Wednesday or Thursday night until Monday. See also Peace and Truce of God. Also "even you" or "yes, you", in response to a "you indeed" person's belief that he will never die. A memento mori tu autem epitaph. tu autem "But Thou, O Lord, Phrase said at the end of biblical readings in the Domine miserere have mercy upon us" liturgy of the medieval church. nobis "I was you; you will Thus, "what you are, I was; what I am, you will be.". tu fui ego eris

be me"

A memento mori gravestone inscription to remind the reader that death is unavoidable (cf. sum quod eris).

"you should not give tu ne cede malis, in to evils, but proceed From Virgil, Aeneid, 6, 95. sed contra ever more boldly audentior ito against them" The logical fallacy of attempting to defend one's "you too" position merely by pointing out the same weakness in tu quoque one's opponent. Found on the Great Seal on the flag of the state of "I will protect" tuebor Michigan.

[edit] U
Latin uberrima fides ubertas et fidelitas Translation most abundant faith Notes Or "utmost good faith" (cf. bona fide). A legal maxim of insurance contracts requiring all parties to deal in good faith. Motto of Tasmania. Or "Home is where it's good". Patriotic motto.

fertility and faithfulness where [it is] well, ubi bene ibi patria there [is] the fatherland where there is ubi caritas et charity and love, amor Deus ibi est God is there where there is ubi dubium ibi doubt there is libertas freedom Where [there is] a ubi jus ibi right, there [is] a remedium remedy where [there is] ubi mel ibi apes honey, there [are] bees where [there is] ubi dubium ibi doubt, there [is] libertas freedom where [there is] ubi libertas ibi liberty, there [is] patria the fatherland ubi nihil vales, ibi Where you are worth nothing, nihil velis

similar to " you catch more bees with honey than with vinegar" .. treat people nicely and they will treat you nice back Anonymous proverb. Or "where there is liberty, there is my country". Patriotic motto. From the writings of the Flemish philosopher Arnold Geulincx; also quoted by Samuel Beckett in his first

there you will wish for nothing

published novel, Murphy.

Thus, there can be no judgement or case if no one where [there is] no charges a defendant with a crime. The phrase is ubi non accusator accuser, there [is] sometimes parodied as "where there are no police, there ibi non iudex no judge is no speed limit". where there is pus, ubi pus, ibi there evacuate it evacua Motto of the Royal Regiment of Artillery and most other everywhere, where Artillery corps within the armies of the British Ubique, quo fas et right and glory Commonwealth (for example, the Royal Regiment of gloria ducunt leads Australian Artillery and Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery). when, in a true Or "whereas, in reality..." Also rendered ubi revera ubi re vera thing ("when, in fact" or "when, actually"). if there's a society, By Cicero. ubi societas ibi ius law will be there They make a ubi solitudinem from a speech by Calgacus reported/constructed by desert and call it faciunt pacem Tacitus, Agricola, ch. 30. peace appellant Nostalgic theme of poems yearning for days gone by. where are they? From the line ubi sunt qui ante nos fuerunt ("Where are ubi sunt they, those who have gone before us?"). The last resort. Short form for the metaphor "The Last Resort of Kings and Common Men" referring to the act of declaring war. Louis XIV of France had Ultima Ratio Regum last method ("last argument of kings") engraved the final argument on the cannons of his armies. From the last resort (as here it names the French sniper rifle force) PGM Ultima Ratio, the fictional Reason weapon system and is the motto of the 1st Battalion 11th Marines (with the incorrect Regnum). Formerly used in formal correspondence to refer to the previous month. Used with inst. ("this month") and prox. ("next month"). "Without authority". Used to describe an action done without proper authority, or acting without the rules. The term will most often be used in connection with appeals and petitions. From Gerhard Gerhards' (1466–1536) [better known as

ultima ratio

ultimo mense (ult.) in the last month

ultra vires ululas Athenas

beyond powers (to send) owls to

Athens

una hirundo non facit ver

una salus victis nullam sperare salutem

unitas per servitiam uno flatu unus multorum Unus papa Romae, unus portus Anconae, una turris Cremonae, una ceres Raconae Urbi et Orbi

Erasmus] collection of annotated Adagia (1508). Latin translation of a classical Greek proverb. Generally means putting large effort in a necessarily fruitless enterprise. Compare "selling coal to Newcastle". A single example of something positive does not one swallow does necessarily mean that all subsequent similar instances not make summer will have the same outcome. Less literally, "the only safe bet for the vanquished is to expect no safety". Preceded by moriamur et in media the only safety for arma ruamus ("let us die even as we rush into the midst the conquered is to of battle") in Virgil's Aeneid, book 2, lines 353–354. hope for no safety Used in Tom Clancy's novel Without Remorse, where character John Clark translates it as "the one hope of the doomed is not to hope for safety". unity through Motto for the St. Xavier's Institution Board of service Librarians. Used in criticism of inconsistent pleadings, i.e. "one in one breath cannot argue uno flatu both that the company does not exist and that it is also responsible for the wrong." one of many An average person. one pope in Rome, one port in Ancona, one tower Motto of the Czech Brewery in Rakovník.[33] in Cremona, one beer in Rakovník Meaning "To Rome and the World". A standard opening of Roman proclamations. Also a traditional blessing by the pope. Motto of the City of Chicago. In other words, practice makes perfect.

to the city and the circle [of the lands] city in a garden urbs in horto usus est magister practice is the best teacher. optimus

ut biberent quoniam esse nollent

ut incepit fidelis sic permanet ut desint vires,

Also rendered with quando ("when") in place of quoniam. From a book by Suetonius (Vit. Tib., 2.2) and Cicero (De Natura Deorum, 2.3). The phrase was said by so that they might Roman admiral Publius Claudius Pulcher right before drink, since they the battle of Drepana, as he threw overboard the sacred refused to eat chickens which had refused to eat the grain offered them—an unwelcome omen of bad luck. Thus, the sense is, "if they do not perform as expected, they must suffer the consequences". as she began loyal, Thus, the state remains as loyal as ever. Motto of so she persists Ontario. though the power From Ovid, Epistulae ex Ponto (III, 4, 79).

be lacking, the tamen est laudanda voluntas will is to be praised all the same as below ut infra that I may serve ut prosim you know what ut proverbium they say... loguitur vetus... that the matter ut res magis may have effect valeat quam rather than fail pereat ut retro as backwards

Frequently used as school motto Lit: As the old proverb says...

Or "as on the back side"; thus, "as on the previous page" (cf. ut supra).

as Rome falls, so ut Roma cadit, sic [falls] the whole omnis terra world ut sit finis litium ut supra ut tensio sic vis utilis in ministerium utraque unum utrinque parato A traditional brocard. The full form is Interest so there might be reipublicae ut sit finis litium, "it is in the government's an end of litigation interest that there be an end to litigation." Often quoted in the context of statutes of limitation. as above as the extension, Robert Hooke's expression of his discovery of his law of so the force linear elasticity. usefulness in Comes from 2 Timothy 4:11. Motto of Camberwell Girls service Grammar School. Also translated as "that the two may be one." Motto of both into one Georgetown University. ready for anything Motto of The British Parachute Regiment

[edit] V
Latin vade ad formicam vade mecum Translation go to the ant go with me Notes A Biblical phrase from the Book of Proverbs. The full quotation translates as "go to the ant, O sluggard, and consider her ways, and learn wisdom". A vade-mecum or vademecum is an item one carries around, especially a handbook. An exhortation for Satan to begone, often used in response to temptation. From a popular Medieval Catholic exorcism formula, based on a rebuke by Jesus to Peter in the Vulgate, Mark 8:33: vade retro me Satana ("step back from me, Satan!"). The older

vade retro Satana Go back, Satan!

vae victis

phrase vade retro ("go back!") can be found in Terence's Formio I, 4, 203. The phrase has been mocked by a Portuguese slogan, "Vai de metro, Satanás" ("Go by the subway, Satan"). Attributed by Livy to Brennus, the chief of the Woe to the conquered! Gauls, while he demanded more gold from the citizens of the recently-sacked Rome in 390 BC. More simply, "vanity, vanity, everything vanity". From the Vulgate, Ecclesiastes, 1:2. A prophecy made to look as though it was written before the events it describes, while in fact being written afterwards. Summary of alternatives, i.e. "this action turns upon whether the claimant was the deceased's grandson vel non."

vanitas vanity of vanities; vanitatum omnia everything [is] vanity vanitas vaticinium ex eventu vel non prophecy from the event or not

velle est posse

"To be willing is to be able." (non-literal: "Where Motto of Hillfield, one of the founding schools of Hillfield Strathallan College. there's a will, there's a
way.")

velocius quam asparagi coquantur

more rapidly than asparagus will be cooked As a tree with the passage of time. I came, I saw, I conquered

velut arbor aevo veni, vidi, vici

Or simply "faster than cooking asparagus". Ascribed to Augustus by Suetonius (The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Book 2 (Augustus), para. 87). Can refer to anything done very quickly. A very common variant is celerius quam asparagi cocuntur ("more swiftly than asparagus is cooked"). Motto of the University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The message supposedly sent by Julius Caesar to the Roman Senate to describe his battle against King Pharnaces II near Zela in 47 BC. The phrase that the wizard said to the Devil in the film Tenacious D in The Pick of Destiny

From whence you venisti remanebis came, you shall remain, donec denuo until you are complete completus sis again true cause vera causa words are to be verba ita sunt understood such that intelligenda ut the subject matter may res magis valeat be more effective than quam pereat wasted words fly away, verba volant, scripta manent writings remain word for word verbatim

When explaining a given subject, it is important to clarify rather than confuse. From a famous speech of Caio Titus at the Roman senate. Refers to perfect transcription or quotation.

verbatim et litteratim verbi divini minister verbi gratia
(v.gr. or VG)

word for word and letter by letter servant of the divine Word for example

A priest (cf. Verbum Dei). literally: "for the sake of a word" See religious text. Motto of the Lutheran Reformation. The hearer can fill in the rest; enough said. Short for Verbum sapienti sat[is] est. Motto of many educational institutions. Motto of Xavier University, Ateneo de Cagayan, The first Catholic Philippine Jesuit University located in Cagayan de Oro City, Mindanao, Philippines. Current motto of Fu Jen Catholic University, Taiwan. The original motto of Harvard University, dating to its foundation; it was shortened to Veritas to remove the religious implications. Current motto of Dowling Catholic High School. Motto of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research.

Word of God Verbum Dei verbum Domini The Word of the Lord manet in Endures Forever aeternum (VDMA) A word to the wise is verbum sap sufficient truth veritas Veritas Liberabit Truth Shall Set You Free Vos veritas, bonitas, pulchritudo, sanctitas Truth, Goodness, Beauty, and Holiness

veritas Christo et Truth for Christ and Church ecclesiae veritas, fides, sapientia veritas curat veritas diaboli manet in aeternum veritate duce progredi Truth, Faith, Wisdom The Truth Cures. Devil's truth remain eternally

Advancing (with) Truth Motto of University of Arkansas. Leading. Motto of University of Pittsburgh, Methodist veritas et virtus Truth and virtue University. veritas in caritate Truth Through Caring Motto of Bishop Wordsworth's School. A common non-literal translation is "Truth veritas lux mea Truth is my light. enlightens me." Motto of Seoul National University. veritas odit Truth hates delay Seneca the Younger. moras Motto of Wilfrid Laurier University, Ontario. See veritas omnia Truth conquers all also national motto Satyameva Jayate of India and vincit motto of Triangle Fraternity.

veritas unitas caritas veritas vincit veritas vos liberabit [in] veritate et caritate

Truth, Unity, Love truth conquers the truth will set you free with truth and love

Motto of Villanova University. Motto of the Scottish clan Keith. Motto of Johns Hopkins University. Motto of Catholic Junior College, Singapore.

Motto of Sydney Boys High School. Also "virtute et veritate et virtute with truth and courage veritate", motto of Walford Anglican School for Girls. I delight in (or, I have Motto of Bryn Mawr College. veritatem dilexi chosen) the truth. to bear witness to the veritatem Motto of Xaverian Brothers High School. fratribus testari truth in brotherhood vero nihil verius nothing truer than truth Motto of Mentone Girls' Grammar School A variation of the campaign slogan used by thenYes, we can Senator Barack Obama on a Great Seal variation vero possumus during the 2008 US presidential campaign.[34] Literally "in the direction". Mistakenly used in English as "against" (probably from "adversus"), versus (vs) or (v.) towards particularly to denote two opposing parties, such as in a legal dispute or a sports match. The right to unilaterally stop a certain piece of I forbid legislation. Derived from ancient Roman voting veto practices. Or "Strength with Courage". Motto of Ascham With heart and soul vi et animo School and the McCulloch clan crest. From Christopher Marlowe's The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus. Note that v was originally the consonantal u, and was written the same before the two forms became distinct, and also after in many cases, when u and v were both capitalized as V: thus, by the power of truth, I, Vniversum. Also, universum is sometimes quoted vi veri universum while living, have with the form ueniversum (or Veniversum), which is vivus vici conquered the universe presumably a combination of universum and oeniversum, two classically-attested spellings). Recently quoted in the Alan Moore graphic novel and film adaptation, V For Vendetta, by the main character, V. "by way of" or "by means of"; e.g. "I'll contact you by the road via via e-mail." The Way, the Truth and Motto of The University of Glasgow and Eastern via, veritas, vita the Life Nazarene College

via media vice

middle road in place of

vice versa versa vice

with position turned

victoria aut mors Victory or death! Victory comes from victoria concordia crescit harmony the victorious cause victrix causa diis pleased the gods, but placuit sed victa the conquered cause Catoni pleased Cato see below vide infra (v.i.) vide supra (v.s.) vincit omnia veritas videlicet (viz.) "see above" Truth conquers all

Can refer to the radical center political stance. "one who acts in place of another"; can be used as a separate word, or as a hyphenated prefix: "Vice President" and "Vice-Chancellor". Thus, "the other way around", "conversely", etc. Historically, vice is properly pronounced as two syllables, but the one-syllable pronunciation is extremely common. Classical Latin pronunciation dictates that the letter C can only make a hard sound, like K and a v is pronounced like a w; thus wee-keh wehr-sah.[35] similar to aut vincere aut mori. The official club motto of Arsenal F.C. Lucan, Pharsalia 1, 128. Dedication on the south side of the Confederate Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery. Or "see earlier in this writing". Also shortened to just supra.

"namely", "that is to Contraction of videre licet: "permitted to see". say", "as follows" I see and approve of the video meliora From the Metamorphoses VII. 20–21 of Ovid. A better, but I follow the proboque summary of the experience of akrasia. deteriora sequor worse I see and keep silent The motto of Queen Elizabeth I of England. video et taceo I see it, but I don't Caspar Hofmann after being shown proof of the video sed non believe it circulatory system by William Harvey. credo promotes one's innate Motto of University of Bristol taken from Horace vim promovet power Ode 4.4. insitam "it is permitted to see", videre licet "one may see" Partial quotation of Romans 12:21 also used as a Overcome Evil with vince malum motto for Old Swinford Hospital and Bishop Cotton Good bono School, Shimla. you know [how] to According to Livy, a cavalry colonel told Hannibal vincere scis win, Hannibal; you do this after the victory at Cannae in 216 BC, meaning Hannibal victoria not know [how] to use that Hannibal should have marched on Rome uti nescis victory directly. First attributed to Roman scholar and satirst Persius; vincit qui patitur he conquers who

frequently used as motto. Motto of many educational institutions. Also "bis vincit qui se vincit qui se vincit" ("he/she who prevails over vincit himself/herself is twice victorious"). "A civil obligation is one which has a binding "the chain of the law", operation in law, vinculum juris." Bouvier's Law vinculum juris i.e. legally binding Dictionary, 1856, "Obligation." "The manly thing is As used in the motto of Knox Grammar School virile agitur being done" "Quit ye like men, be viriliter agite As used in the motto of Culford School strong" estote fortes vir prudens non "[A] wise man does not urinate [up] against the contra ventum wind" mingit Frequently used as a motto, preeminently as that of virtus et scientia virtue and knowledge La Salle University of Philadelphia, PA. virtus sola virtue alone [is] noble Christian Brothers College, St Kilda's school motto nobilitas virtue united [is] virtus unita State motto of Andorra. stronger fortior Idiomatically: Good practice lies in the middle path. virtus in media Virtue stands in the There is disagreement as to whether "media" or middle. stat "medio" is correct. virtus tentamine Strength rejoices in the The motto of Hillsdale College. challenge. gaudet Or "by manhood and weapons". State motto of Mississippi. Possibly derived from the motto of Lord Gray De Wilton, virtute non armis fido ("I trust in virtute et armis by virtue and arms virtue, not in arms"). Also virtute et labore, as by manhood and by work motto of Pretoria Boys High School power of the law vis legis Vision of a god visio dei a life done before Thus, a previous life, generally due to reincarnation. vita ante acta [Mary our] life, vita, dulcedo, Motto of University of Notre Dame. sweetness, hope spes vita incerta, mors Life is uncertain, death In simpler English, "The most certain thing in life is is most certain death". certissima the shortness of life vita summa A wistful refrain, sometimes used ironically. From brevis spem nos prevents us from the first line of Horace's Ode I; later used as the title entertaining far-off vetat incohare of a short poem by Ernest Dowson. hopes longam

endures he/she conquers who conquers himself/herself

viva voce vivat crescat floreat vivat rex

living voice may it live, grow, and flourish!

An oral, as opposed to a written, examination of a candidate.

vive memor leti vivere est To live is to think cogitare vivere est vincere To live is to conquer vivere militare To live is to fight est live so that you may vive ut vivas live vocatus atque called and not called, non vocatus Deus God will be present aderit

Usually translated "Long live the King!" Also Vivat Regina ("Long live the Queen!"). live remembering death Persius. Compare with "memento mori" May the King live! Cicero. Compare with "cogito ergo sum".

Captain John Smith's personal Motto. Seneca (Epist. 96,5). Compare with "militia est vita hominis" Book of Job 7:1 The phrase suggests that one should live life to the fullest and without fear of possible consequences. or "called and even not called, God approaches"; attributed to the Oracle at Delphi. Used by Carl Jung as a personal motto adorning his home and grave. or "to him who consents, no harm is done"; used in tort law to delineate the principle that one cannot be to one willing, no harm volenti non fit held liable for injuries inflicted on an individual who is done injuria has given his consent to the action that gave rise to the injury. An independent, minority voice. votum separatum separate vow or traditionally, "the voice of one crying in the wilderness"; from Isaiah 40, and quoted by John the Baptist in the Gospels. Usually the "voice" is assumed to be shouting in vain, unheeded by the vox clamantis in the voice of one shouting in the desert surrounding wilderness. However, in this phrase's deserto use as the motto of Dartmouth College, it is taken to denote an isolated beacon of education and culture in the "wilderness" of New Hampshire. Applied to a useless or ambiguous phrase or voice of nothing vox nihili statement. voice of the people vox populi