INTRODUCTION Information and communication technology has revolutionized the concept of libraries.

each and every library is slowly getting digitized. A digital library(DL) compries digital collections, services and infrasturcture to support life long learning,research,sicholarly communication as well as preservation and conservation of our recorded knowledge. It is also a process of democratization of information. 1.WHAT IS DIGITAL LIBRARY? The concept of digital library is coming for digitalzation.The digitization is a process in which making and electronic version of a real worldobject or event, enabling the object to be stored displayed and mainpulatedona computer and disseminated over networks and the world wide web. Basically DL is nothing but a large database for the people who are working on hypertext enveroment. it is an environment which support the full life cycle of creation, storage, perservation, dissemination and use of data, information and knowledge. digital library is a combination of - A service. -An architecture. - A set of infor. resources, databases of text,graphics,sound, video. - A set of tools and capabilties to locate, retrieve and utilite the information resoureces available. According to Arms ''A DL is a managed collection of information of infor. with associarted services,where the infor. is stored in digital formated and accessible over a network. According to DLF( digital library federation) defien that DL are organizations that provide the resources, including the specilized sttaf, to select structure, offer intellectual access to interpret, distribute,preserve the integrity and ensure thepersistence overtime of collections of digital works so

Organized collection of multimedia and other types of resources. .available on the internet or on CD ROM disks.retrierval is carried out through the use of digital technology. Low cost of technology.The function of acquistion. . .Access to the entire collection is globally available directly or indirectly cross a network. . books or other documents.that they are readily and economically available for use by a defined community or set of communities. we know about the major factor or resons why we need the dl in our education system. New generation need. Develop the information technology. storage. Shifting of the environment. Basically time is a major factor or each mordern user of the library for which the traditional library is known as digital library. . .depending on the specific library.Resources are avaiable in computer processable form. To procure online users in dealing with information. Information retival Growth of education. WHY WE NEED DL? Befor e we proceed. Growth of distance learning.preservation. Information explosion. Multiple fuction of same information. a user may be able to access magazine articles. Searching problem in traditional library. Therefore the whole concept describe that DL is -A collection of documents in organized electronice form. The basice resions are _             Easy to understand. 2.

The aim of open sources is to let product more understandable.3 .  DL increase the portablity.  It offers new levels of access to broader audiences of users and new opportunties for library and information science field to advice broth theory and practice.  The ablity for several people to view the same item at the same time. 4. The proper definition of open sources s/w is a s/w which permits the users to or othen non library location and for increased cost-effectivenss. simple accessible while it still marketable . modifiedable. The benefits of the DL incude the reduction in the physical storage of information less wear and tear on objectives.BENEFITS OF DL. availability and presration of content  DL can help move the nation towareds realizing the enormously powerful vesion of anytime. Open sources s/w is a computer software for which the human readable source code is made available under a copyright licence. duplicatable. It is often developed in a public collaborated manner.  Amonge the possible costs are for digitalzation and to create metadata and retrival tools. change and improve the s/w and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified form. reliable.anywhere access to the best and latest of human thought and culture so that no ceass form knowledge resoures.  The ablity to view the contents in the home.DIGITAL LIBRARY SOFTWARE The DL software is known as the open source s/w. flexiblity. efficiency of access.

The latest recommenended version is Eprints-2. Eprints It is an open source software packages for building open access repository that provides with the open archive imitative protocol for metadata harvesting. An Eprint archive can be adapted for many more purpose. Some of the popular open sources software’s for DL are Dspace. It is an open sources software distributed under the term of GNU public library linces. It has been developed at the university of Southampton in relation to a variety of project.11. in India NCSI has been conducting workshops and training programs for installing and customizing Eprints software. and most of them conform to international standards. Basically it is achieved a good platform in an academic institution.3. ii. opening up new possibilities for organizing information and making it available over the internet or cdrom. proprietary as well as open source. . Greenstone and fedora etc i: Greenstone Digital Library Software (GSDL) It is produced by Newzland digital library project at the university of Waikat to and development and distributed incoporation with Unesco and Human information NGO. Basically it is creates online archives. Greenstone provides a way of building. Greenstone is its commitment to lower the bar for construction of practical DL yet at the same time leave a great deal of facility in the hands of the users.Eprints.There is much DL software available. maintaining and distributing digital collections.

Dspace is jointly developed by Hawlett Packard and MIT libraries collaborating over two years.iii. That is born digital or e-document and creates digital. 5. compression. 2. Born digital is already in a digitalized in time of publication. Dspace It is an open sources software package that provided the tools for managements of digital aspects and is commonly used as the basic for an institutional repository. typically with a scanner or digital camera broad classes of processing include image editing(scaling. It deals with the initial capture on conversion of a document or object into digital form.) and metadata creation. 1. Dspace provides the basic functionality equipment to operate an institutional digital repository and is intended to serve as a base for future development to address long term preservation and access issues. sharpening etc. PROCESS OF DIGITALIZATION. Those are: 1-image creation 2-file management. 3-image delivery. The process of digitalization is dealing 3 major components. Those are not in digital form it is know as create digital.Image creation : Basically documents or information are available in two formats. Basically it is a process to shifting the traditional document to digitalized format. . storage and maintain such images and relevant metadata.File management : It refers to organised. Digitalization is the central component of digital resources.

Digitalization of materials. Available E-publications. Just as the literature identifies a number of activities that together make up digital libraries. Through some process the traditional library is shifted to a digital library. DL is successfully run to the support of:        Own internet or intranet site. DIGITAL LIBRARY ENVIROMENT. PROCESS OF ESTALISHING DL IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. E-document delivery. Cooperative end users. Through this process the work of . All those process is run successfully to the help of digital software. display devices &printers. To support integrated access to resources. It also incudes issues associated with creating delivering images. 6. These process or activities are described below. Automation of entre library activities: The preliminary set up the digitalization process is automation or computerized the library.3.Image delivery : It incorporates the process of getting to the users &includes networks. 7. Resource sharing. it also shows that the development of DL is having some factors . A library is identified to be a Digital library when it renders information services required by the users in a digital form.

Access to remote users. The function of opac is 1. It is very fast and very import to scholars.With out IC. call number. 2. DL can not work. accession number etc. 4. IC is like brain of DL. Interlibrary loan is possible. Under this system a particular resource may be searched with the title author publisher. Knowledge sharing possible on all over the world. 3.library and staff of library and also user are routine in a semi digital environment . Dissemination of resources through CD/DVD mirror server network technology : A library which moves digitalization should also utilise the technology of CD/DVD mirror server network. Online journals subscription: The DL should have access to online journals which are available free of cost. . The whole concept is concerned mirror images of the contents of cd/dvd are crated and stored in the specialised Hardware & configurations using networking facilities. On line public access catalogue(OPAC) : It is retrieval system in a very effective semi digital format. Internet connectivity(ic): Internet is basic element of DL. By using OPAC search engines facility required contents of CD/DVD can be accessed as per-priority of the users. The internet of computer connected to each other for the purpose of sharing information. It is more useful to the users to browse the information from the online. Access to resource throughout the world.

Converting printed resources into digital resources During the process of conversion of printed copies into digital formats in order to develop the digital objects. And it provides the effective bringing subject wise publication in the web free of cost and free copyright problems.Online database subscription: The databases will cover more no of web based publications like journals and magazines. These books have the unique facility of multiple accesses. camera. Multimedia library services: It means providing library services using various digital technology. subscriptions of online journals and databases. Any person form any part of the world at any time can access these resources with out facing any problem. etc. CD/DVD. It is possible through hadware (scanner.) and software (any . Developing library information portal: The information portal is the entrance through which subscribed and free subscribed online journals and online databases and it can be stored under the name of digital library. When the uses get these services he can feel more satisfied in addition to normal satisfaction level he attains while reading a traditional or printed books. In this services include semi-digitalisation services. Procurement of E-books: The books are available in the web based languages. providing user education programme etc.

 Problem in flied of publication and publisher’s policies. e-boooks. 8.  Lack of proper planning &integration of information resoures.from any where in the world. This is simple unrealistic. It will be successful only when the librarian and staff or library supported by the management with reqired fund. positive approach etc. the digital library becomes successful. When the librarian and staff of library gets hundred percent utility form the side of the users. . To creating a effective digital libraries process is a serius challenges. completely digital system that provides instant access to all information for all sectors of society.  Barrio in proper copyright issues. and without problem. Some basic issues facing the development of DL are outlined below:  Lack of prper information & communication technology infrastructure. Without any building.the library web page should be viable to access the web opac.suitable library software). Because it will not be is a single. It must take careful effort that the copyright act is not violated. Library web pages: In the process of digitalization itwould be more appropriate to develop a library web pages before starting subscription of digital resources and digital library.all rules and regulation of library and new arrivals in book selection.databases under the caption of the DL. Staff of library: The library work through a librarian.all library resources and should collect all the ejournals. The staff of library should motivates the users to utilize the dL resources to its full extent. staff of library.CHALLENGES OF DIGITAL LIBRARY DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA. In creation of the digital library. It also add the information about the library. without any rules.

Issue in preservation of digital information or materials. Barrier to information access and use. But proper planning and management help in keeping the successful complication of a digital library. . Problem in technical architecture. CONCLUSION The above disscution describe that digitalization is acomplex process requiring managerial and technical skills. Lack of proffessionalisim in flied of library and information science. Lack of trained personnel in library. Lack of funding.        Lack of ICT polices. Lack of efficiency.

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