# VEHICLE TRAJECTORY DETECTION USING MULTIPLE IMAGE TRACKING

July. 2009

Jutaek Oh The Korea Transport Institute

Individual Vehicle Tracking Algorithm Long Distance Tracking Algorithm Incident Detection . Detection zones are too short short. However.INTRODUCTION VIPS provide traffic parameters in real time. Do not identify individual vehicles as unique targets identif indi id al ehicles niq e targets. Do not trace vehicle trajectories. The objective of this research is to relate traffic safety to VIPS. most current VIPS have limitations in terms of safety.

Individual Vehicle Tracking Algorithm .

.Individual Vehicle Tracking Algorithm 1. Moving Object Segmentation Background subtraction for extracting individual vehicle from road.

Individual Vehicle Tracking Algorithm 2. t i ) θ . y. y. y . t0 ) − f ( x. y ) = ⎜ ⎜0 otherwise ⎝ Where. Determine the Threshold ⎛ 1 if f ( x. t 0 ) Background template Current frame image 27 f ( x. y . f ( x. ti ) > θ d 0 . j ( x.

B) = A ⊕ B = U(A + β ) β ∈B β : structuring element that determines the precise effect of the dilation on the input image. Morphology D( A. .Individual Vehicle Tracking Algorithm 3. The dilation Th dil ti morphology processing f extracting moving objects. and removing very h l i for t ti i bj t d i small particles as a noise.

A 1 2 C(A∩B) C(A∩B) B B . save ID to the reference table.Individual Vehicle Tracking Algorithm 4. Assign IDs Reference Table ID Index X Y 1 0 250 380 Reference Table ID Index X Y 1 9999 250 380 2 0 360 380 A 1 2 When it comes to the zone.

An intersection area between the overlapped images is unavoidable For example. the i t th intersection area was around 20 ti d 20m. .Multi Image Tracking Algorithm Basic Concept Used U d multiple cameras f l lti l for long di t distance t ki tracking. the total surveillance area was around 200m with two cameras.

Multi Image Tracking Algorithm .

DEMONSTRATIONS(I) Jungang highway near by Wonju city in South Korea .

DEMONSTRATIONS(II) Another Experimental Site .

Incident Detection : Back-moving vehicles .

Incident Detection : Rapid lane changes .

TEST RESULTS Experiment has been conducted at Jungang highway in South Korea Compared with AUTOSCOPE (30 Minutes) Volume : 154 vs.8 vs.5%) 243 vehicles passed through the two zones (30 Minutes) Total of 236 and 241 vehicles passed through detection zones A and B.07% inter-camera: 236 vs. Speed : 54. 241 vehicles. 54.5 (99. Incident Detection Rate : 100% Back-moving incidents Rapid lane changes . B respectively. 156 (98.7%). ti l The error within the measured data was 2.

More than two cameras will be applied to an extended tracking distance of over 300~400m. if the detection zone is p short.CONCLUSIONS Spatial traffic information can be more useful than spot information. . Inefficient for incident detection The proposed tracking algorithm using multi image tracking will help to understand individual vehicle maneuvers and increase the effectiveness of incident detection detection. Video image processing systems offer numerous benefits to transportation applications. The objective of this research is to develop VIPS using individual vehicle tracking and relate the developed system to traffic safety safety. Limitations of most current VIPS Traffic flow patterns cannot be estimated.

Thank You .