issue thirty five 2011
power for the future
Making connections All-Energy 2011
EXCELLENCE IN PROJECT DELIVERY
RES Offshore offers development, engineering, construction and O&M services for utility-scale renewable energy projects. From offshore wind to wave and tidal, we bring to projects the considerable skills and experience that we have acquired over 25 years in the renewables industry.
4 6 18 21 24 27 31
Mark Northey on legal risks in the marine renewables sector Mike Farish reports on the latest developments in the offshore wind market An update on Scotland’s renewable energy industry Theone Wilson reports on the offshore wind supply chain How energy storage technology is advancing An energy consultancy that has a lot to offer Intellectual property and how it affects you The energy vessels of the future Michele Grassi discusses the deployment of his new prototype What’s happening in the world of rotor bearing supports ABB explains its tried and proven technologies What’s in store at Renewable Energy World Europe Analysis of wind speed in a number of regions Dr Claire Hinton discusses the marine environment An overview of progress in the renewable heat industry
Viewpoint News Offshore law New identity
Close collaboration Balanced outlook
34 37 40 42 45 47 55 59 62 65 68 71 74 76 79 87 90 92 95
Commercial gains Load factors
Cover image courtesy of CHPV. www.chpv.co.uk energyengineering magazine www.energyengineering.co.uk
Managing Editor Steve Welch Consulting Editor Mike Farish Senior Sub Editor Theone Wilson Contributors Dr David Clarke, Mark Northey, Michele Grassi, David Appleyard, Dr Claire Hinton, Hayley Myles, Michael Hawkins, Barney Butterell, Alistair Welch Design Hannah Reid Business Development Manager Ann Goldthorp © 2011 Steve Welch Media Published by Steve Welch Media, 6A New Street Warwick CV34 4RX United Kingdom ☎ +44 (0)1926 408244 Fax: +44 (0)1926 408206 e: firstname.lastname@example.org Annual subscription rates UK: £65 Europe: €95 Rest of world: $170/£115
Meeting the challenge
Ready for connection now The renewable agenda Site statistics
How lubricants can make the wind energy sector more cost-effective We speak to a new director at the Highlands and Islands Enterprise Barney Butterall on a new solar project The latest on tidal turbine development News from the Austrian pavilion Our guide to the renewable energy event Bolt securing systems explained Anaerobic digestion and the potential it offers Theone Wilson interviews Anna Botten of Siemens
Taking wind turbines to new heights Exporting expertise Showing potential Blade runner
Advantage Austria All-Energy 2011 Safe and sound
Going for growth
Career development Megawatch
The ETI’s in-house UK energy system model highlights the technologies.
step-change in investments to reduce the cost of electricity from high wind speed. World demand for new plants is likely to lead to supply constraints that may drive prices upwards if we cannot create effective competition. Another £100million will be invested in projects in these areas and in bioenergy in the year ahead. It’s not a question of picking one technology over another but identifying those that will have the greatest impact on the overall UK energy system across power. the need for the enerimproving the commercial benefits case by reducing costs and increasing energy yields. The implementation of new developments will be led by industry and. energy efficiency and nuclear. and with what risks? At ETI we are creating a national database of the sites available for storing carbon dioxide underground off the coast of the UK. targeting floating platforms and technology for very long blades to take advantage of strong winds while reducing the costs of installing giant structures. where. Widespread energy efficiency improvements bring the combined risks of consumer acceptance of new technologies and creating effective logistics for delivering house retrofits on a mass scale. ■
Dr David Clarke is Chief Executive of the Energy Technologies Institute. The UK’s energy strategy is evolving and much will depend on the Electricity Market Reform outcomes. In our buildings project we are designing supply chain solutions to improve the energy efficiency and energy management in the 26million homes expected to be still in use by 2050. carbon capture and storage and road transport. buildings. accelerating technologies essential for bringing down costs and tackling new projects on a huge scale.Dr David Clarke discusses what is needed in the energy systems of the future
A small is beautiWhen
s the price of oil continues to rise and the cost of building new nuclear power stations gy systems of the future to be clean. Getting to 2020 is expected to cost over £200billion and our analysis at the ETI suggests the annual cost of the UK’s energy system in 2050 will be over £300billion. supply-chains and cost implications of implementing engineering solutions to get the UK to the 2050 climate change targets. marine energy. Since its formation in 2008 the ETI has invested over £62million in projects covering offshore wind.
ing effective projects combining bioenergy with CCS. We have designs. it must be a very wide cross-section of industry. ETI is making a and above all affordable. The Energy Technologies Institute (ETI). heat. We are also commissioning projects developing lower cost capture technology for both coal and gas fuelled power plants. The national challenge now is to make sure the implementation strategy . At the ETI we are addressing key risk areas. For nuclear the immediate challenge is largely in supply-chain capacity and manufacturing capability .the government policies . secure Increasing roll-out of offshore renewables means looks likely to increase. given the necessarily large scale of investment and equipment installation. ETI projects are helping to bring new entrants into the sector and grow the UK industry base ready for wide-scale technology deployment. Through the ETI’s work we can see viable engineering solutions for the UK. offshore renewables. Our strategic modelling points to the top five issues for the UK power sector in getting the country to 2050 as carbon capture and storage. transport and infrastructure. distributed energy. Reaching the UK’s 2020 and 2050 targets is a huge wealth creation opportunity and a huge economic investment challenge.will moving to bioenergy crops release more CO2 from the soil than we gain in emissions reductions? To address this ETI is launching field trials on land use change and sustainability and the potential for operat-
.give us economic benefits that outweigh the investment costs and continue to create an assured position for industry and investors.not in a need for major new technologies. deep water sites. a partnership between global industry and the UK Government. bioenergy. Our next projects will be around £25million each.how much. In CCS it is storage . is at already invested over £10million in next generation the forefront of addressing the engineering challenges facing the country as we seek to upgrade our energy system. In bioenergy it is crop science and soil chemistry . These all have technology risks which need to be understood and managed if they are to attract investors and industrial suppliers but the immediate technology risks are quite different in each case. is more crucial than ever. energy storage and distribution.
Intertek-Metoc can offer comprehensive marine expertise that will ensure its success.co.Ensuring renewable energy for this generation.co. And the next. GIS and metocean > Site investigation and survey > Marine planning and operations > Cable engineering Whatever your project requirements. for generations to come.uk
.uk or contact Natalie Griggs. visit www. Intertek-Metoc are the ﬁrst choice for a complete consultancy solution.
> Environmental consultancy > Modelling.
With over 25 years’ experience in offshore energy. call 01428 727800 or email natalieg@metoc. Where engineering meets the environment
Find out how we can help you.
“The marine energy sector is still in its earliest stages. including Autodesk Inventor. J S Wright is to design and install underfloor heating linked to a ground source heat pump and a domestic water service that incor6
are delighted to have been appointed to lead the way in greener housing by fitting out such an imaginative development to Level 6 of the Government Code.autodesk. The focus is on experimenting to find devices that will reliably capture energy.
www. The Birmingham company has teamed up with top developer/contractor Galliford Try in a £300.”
www.jswright.” The vicarage is to be the new home for the resident vicar. Business Development
Manager for Clean Tech at Autodesk the launch of its Clean Tech Partner Program across the region in 2010. to clean technology start-ups to design. comments: “We
products before they are built.co. West London. It will also be providing all the properties with ventilation and above ground drainage.news
The first zero-carbon vicarage in the UK is to be fitted out by building services provider J S Wright. which will be built in the grounds of St John’s Church in Wembley. The Autodesk Clean Tech Partner Program provides Digital Prototyping software. especially as it is expected that all grant-funded
social housing will have to meet the exacting standard by 2016.uk/cleantech. Managing Director of J S Wright. almost a generation behind wind energy in terms of its development. wave and tidal power sectors in Europe are using its solutions. to accelerate time to market and to innovate more rapidly. “That is why Autodesk design software can be key to helping pioneering companies in this sector to test out their ideas and find innovative solutions to the most pressing marine energy challenges.000 deal to design and build the mechanical services for the vicarage.” says Erwin Burth. Marcus Aniol. visualise and simulate in Europe. the Reverend Francis Adu-Boachie. Inc has announced that growing numbers of businesses across the marine technology.
porates rainwater harvesting.
UNITED BY OUR DIFFERENCE
WSP CAN TAKE YOU FROM CONCEPT TO REALISATION
WSP is a global energy. design and engineering consultancy.
• • • • • • • • Feasibility analysis Site screening and selection Compliance strategies Engineering design Impact assessments Health and safety Integrated energy strategies Offshore foundation design
• • • • • • • •
Electrical engineering Environmental planning Resource assessments Technology reviews Portfolio assessments Sourcing scheme investment Technology life cycle analysis Project management
Environmental Advisor of the Year 2010 and 2011 NCE/ACE International Consultant of the Year 2011
. environmental. We advise parties on all sides of the table for renewable energy schemes and through all stages of the project development cycle. sustainability.
supporting a strategic grid reinforcement review
We are working with Scottish & Southern Energy on their 400kV transmission line that will connect the Highlands to Central Scotland
We worked on the UK Graylingwell residential development which includes 750 net zero carbon homes and 15.www.
We’re working for major renewables developer Forewind on Round 3 Offshore.000 sqm of PV
We assessed two onshore wind farms in Romania on behalf of EDP Renovaveis to deliver EBRD / IFC compliance
We are working with Dalkia and Diageo on their Scottish Bio-energy facility which will replace 80% of electricity and 98% of natural gas that Diageo buys
We are technology neutral.com/futureenergy
We have a track record.
scale Grid Developers Wave
Grid Connections Offshore Grid Global projects Renewable energy schemes Lenders & Investors EDP Corporations Government Small scale Wind Tidal Owners & Operators Scottish & Southern Energy Solar Biogas Landfill gas to energy Biomass Biofuels Geothermal Waste to energy Fuel Cells Masdar Hydro Large
Transmission Line Connections
comments: “We are delighted to be installing our first met mast at Hornsea.000MW in September 2010 and over the past 12 months has been undergo-
Home Metocean Forecasting Operational Toolkit Data Management My SeaStates Contact us
World Meterological Organisation Sea State Code
Sea State Wave Height (metres) Characteristics Key
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0m 0-0. designed by Keystone Engineering. geophysics. which is due to be installed in August. The mast.5m 0. marine ecology and deployment of metocean measuring devices to record wind and waves. The consortium is led by Mainstream Renewable Power and Siemens Project Ventures. This novel foundation design aims to significantly reduce foundation capital expenditure costs.25-2.25m 1. geotechnical investigation.seastates.5-4m 4-6m 6-9m 9-14m > 14m
Calm (glassy) Calm (rippled) Smooth (wavelets) Slight Moderate Rough Very Rough High Very High Phenomenal
www.000MW Hornsea zone.1m 0. bird and mammal observations.
nection for the first 1. Andy Kinsella. Chairman of SMart Wind.net
. The project received grid con10
ing a full spectrum of environmental surveys. Reducing the cost of energy is a key focus for SMart Wind and by using the new twisted jacket foundation we are clearly demonstrating our commitment to real cost reductions and innovation”. who have now signed all contracts.5-1.mainstreamrp.5m 2. This is another significant milestone on the path to delivering our first project into construction by 2014. will use the new twisted jacket foundation.1-0.news
The SMart Wind consortium has installed the first met mast at its 4.
. Ensure system reliability and protect your PV investment. easyID™ visual indication. install and maintain. fast-acting short-circuit interruption (SCI) technology and rejection feature to make it easy to identify.com
All Cooper logos are valuable trademarks of Cooper Industries in the US and other countries. For details. visit www.cooperbussmann.cooperbussmann.Surge Protection Made Simple™ for photovoltaic applications.com/surge
www. You are not permitted to use Cooper trademarks without prior written consent.
PV WIND TELECOM UL IEC
Each Cooper Bussmann® Surge Protective Device (SPD) offers modular DIN rail design with color coding.
Engineering firm Mabey Bridge has completed the first section of an 80m wind turbine tower from its new £38million factory in Newhouse, Chepstow. The milestone means that its state-of-the-art factory is now “operationally complete”. This is the first tower section to pass through every stage of production. All that remains is for internal fittings such as cable trays, ladders, and landing stages to be inserted.
Peter Lloyd, Managing Director of Mabey Bridge, comments: “This marks the culmination of two years’ hard work and effectively means we are now operationally complete. The first painted tower section has now passed through every stage of the factory process. “This landmark shows we are delivering on our £38million investment and proves that Britain can produce wind turbine tower towers indigenously. The message is that we are well and truly open for business and stock is rolling off the factory floor.”
Making a statement
ABPmer has been commissioned to prepare the marine elements of an environmental statement in support of Associated British Ports’ (ABP) proposed Green Port Hull development at Alexandra Dock, Port of Hull. This follows the announcement in January that Siemens has selected Hull as the preferred location for a new offshore wind turbine manufacturing facility. Bill Cooper, Managing Director at ABPmer, says: “We are delighted to be working on such an exciting port development for our parent
company. ABPmer has 60 years port-related research and consultancy practice and understands that successful design and operation of ports is dependent on understanding both the marine environment and operational requirements. “ABPmer has been supporting the
renewable energy sector in gaining offshore wind marine consents for over a decade. The Green Port Hull project finds us assisting the sector further in securing a waterside site for UK turbine manufacture, close to three of the largest UK offshore zones.”
Leading the way in supporting renewables
TAG Energy Solutions is creating the UK’s first offshore wind turbine tubular foundation production plant. It will be located in the North East of England. This exciting, £20 million facility is being developed with support from DECC, One North East and investors Platina Partners and Environmental Technologies Fund. The new plant will be online in the spring of 2011. TAG Energy Solutions and its partners are helping the region lead the way in supporting renewables. T: 01642 565500 E: email@example.com
inland and coastal currents and offshore waves with Teledyne RD Instruments
the seabed for hazards to construction eledyne and sensitive habitats with Teledyne Odom and Teledyne Benthos
wirelessly with your remote subsea sensors with Teledyne Benthos
power and network your subsea and surface instruments with Teledyne D.Power Up!
TECHNOLOGIES FOR A GREENER TOMORROW
Teledyne Marine provides the technology and experience you need for every phase of your marine energy application.G. O’BRIEN • ODI • ODOM • RD INSTRUMENTS
.teledynemarine. O’Brien and Teledyne ODI
BENTHOS • D.G.
www. lifting capacity and positioning capabilities.ac.news
Growth and change
Cranfield University and Peterborough City Council launched a new partnership in March. above and below the waves
MPI Offshore Limited (MPI) has received delivery of a wind turbine installation vessel to Qidong. will be Europe’s first truly sustainable biomass power plant.”
www. “Cranfield will work with Peterborough on developing a range of renewable technologies including wind power. in China.cranfield.uk
Complex applications made easy by experts
Centa technology helps you harness the power of nature • Quality bespoke design capability • Integrated products for any drive situation • Robust systems. which is renowned in this field.co. says: “This is truly a proud day for all at MPI. Professor Minoo Patel. bio-fuels from algae and waste to energy. I have no doubt that. which when constructed. lift and install wind turbines and their foundations. MPI Adventure will soon demonstrate that she really is a class act! She is a welcome addition to the MPI fleet and will serve to consolidate our position as a world leader in the construction of offshore wind installations. This will be located at Cranfield. Vroon and the Cosco Shipyard.mpi-offshore. An exciting aspect of this partnership will be the opportunity to establish demonstrator sites for these technologies in the Peterborough area as a launch pad for wider industrial take up. is scheduled for delivery later this year. Paul Gibson. aimed at developing education and research in renewable energy and bio-fuels to support future economic growth in the city. She is highly advanced and efficient in terms of jacking speed. who will create and establish a Centre for Renewable Energy and Bio-Fuels.000 from Peterborough Renewable Energy Ltd (PREL) and will involve appointing a Professor of Renewable Energy. Chairman of MPI Offshore Limited. She is the first of two state-of-the art wind turbine installation vessels to be built at the Cosco Qidong Shipyard.centapower. plus the many other parties who have worked tirelessly for the last three years to bring about the delivery of such an impressive piece of engineering. deck space. renewable energy and bio-fuels. MPI Discovery. The MPI Adventure is a wind turbine installation vessel designed to transport. says: “Cranfield is delighted to enter into a partnership with Peterborough which will help establish the city as a leader in environmental innovation. The second vessel.com
T: +44 (0) 1274 531034 E: firstname.lastname@example.org
www. once in service. and will also have a significant presence at PREL’s ‘Energy Park Peterborough’.co. The partnership includes a donation of £60.uk
. Director of Development at Cranfield’s School of Engineering.
Partner at Ashfords LLP. Scotland and Northern Ireland. Additionally. parts of it are intensively used. It is not to be relied on as legal advice nor as an alternative to taking professional advice relating to specific circumstances. Trinity House and its equivalents in Scotland (Northern Lighthouse Board) and Northern Ireland (Commissioners for Irish Lights) are responsible for maintaining their own navigation aids and inspecting and auditing private ones around the UK coast. There is a difference between risks during development and risks for those technologies that are operational and are being deployed on a commercial
Mark Northey. but they do all need early consideration. Naturally. is also responsible for the protection of marine life. either specifically (for instance seals) or through marine conservation zones (still being planned with full designation by 2012). this is of obvious concern. which has equivalents in Wales. None of these risks are insurmountable as the offshore windfarm programme proves. Under the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009. the Energy White Paper has not (at the time of writing) been published and. But if your device breaks from its moorings and creates havoc in the shipping lanes or manages to cause damage somewhere else. There are many other users of the seas including the Ministry of Defence. International regulations for preventing collisions at sea apply and. Firstly. discusses legal risks in the marine renewables sector
hilst legal issues are. charterer or insurers. If a ship runs into your properly charted installation. that could be your risk and expense. there have been some problems to overcome.ashfords. therefore. The information in this note is intended to be general information about English law only and not comprehensive. Having two responsible bodies tends to add to costs and risks. lenders are preoccupied with two major issues. there is uncertainty as to the level of renewable support available in the new Feed-in Tariff for offshore schemes. there is some evidence that the power companies are not as aware as they should be of the problems of operating at sea. since the regime is relatively new. an offshore windfarm was delayed due to the local planning authority rejecting the design of the landfall. there may also be opposition from local residents. separate contracts have to be let which adds to the risk of delivery (the riskiest phase so far as lenders are concerned). The MMO. Contracts for the transmission and offtake of power are with an Offshore Transmission Owner (OFTO). although there could be potentially expensive damage to repair and loss of revenue. The Crown Estate is only responsible for seabed licences . not typically at the forefront of
www. it is important that they are considered. contractors are not prepared to wrap the construction phase as a turnkey contract and.it is not responsible for offshore planning. shipping (commercial and leisure) and the oil and gas industry.co. Given that offshore schemes are considerably more expensive to install and maintain than onshore schemes. They do have a memorandum of understanding between them dividing this responsibility and as a result. Some should be relatively simple to resolve.Business
people’s minds in planning offshore operations. costs may rise and there is a risk of criminal prosecution or civil claim.uk
ably. therefore. The Health and Safety Executive and the Marine and Coastguard Agency have overlapping responsibility for safety at sea. Secondly. although a marine contractor will take this into account when planning installation and maintenance. Despite the sea being a vast expanse. Currently. The first marine conservation zone is off Lundy Island. Ships and marine operations are far more subject to the elements than operations on land and even the most careful planning can be ruined by the tide or weather.
In a recent case demonstrating the importance of complying with on and offshore planning regimes. fishermen. There is a competitive regime for the award of OFTO contracts and. but there are obvious synergies. the Marine Management Organisation is starting to take responsibility for offshore planning in English waters. Failure to make provision for potential issues early on can mean funding is difficult or impossible to obtain.
Ashfords LLP is regulated by the Solicitors Regulation Authority. there is still the issue of whether the onshore grid is able to
. If the proposed installation is to be close to land. Here we discuss the latter. understandcope with the power being brought ashore. much of the cost should be for the ship owner. working on a ship would be a MCA responsibility and on an offshore structure a HSE responsibility.
The development of marine or wet renewable energy systems poses a series of challenges for their designers. so we know how to mitigate those challenges particularly with respect to reliability and maintenance which are exceptionally demanding in a subsea installation. Converteam has many decades of experience in designing electrical equipment and systems for hostile environments. For more information visit Converteam at All Energy 2011 Stand K80 .Aberdeen Exhibition & Conference Centre
. such as those found in our offshore wind energy business and in our offshore oil & gas business.18 and 19th May . Converteam’s advanced power conversion solutions position us to provide device developers with the best technology and the strongest technical assistance to move from concept to reality.converteam.
• Reduce exposure to risk with accurate and reliable weather information • Optimise resource planning and decrease costs • Protect people and assets by minimising health and safety risks • Improve operations and maintenance planning • Make the best use of available weather windows
Met Ofﬁce at All-Energy UK 2011:
− Exhibition: AECC. EX1 3PB United Kingdom Tel: 0870 900 0100 Fax: 0870 900 5050 Email: marine@metofﬁce.uk/marine Produced by the Met Ofﬁce. Alternatively call +44 1224 407575 or email marine@metofﬁce. quoting reference EE2011.uk/Technical_tours. © Crown copyright 2011 11/0121 Met Ofﬁce and the Met Ofﬁce logo are registered trademarks
To sign up for a free technical tour of our Marine Centre of Excellence in Aberdeen on Friday 20 May.gov.metofﬁce.uk. visit www. come and talk to us at All Energy 2011.uk www.html
Met Ofﬁce FitzRoy Road. Exeter Devon. May 18 – 19. 20 May
To ﬁnd out how we can help your business. Stand AB14 − Offshore Wind — technology updates – a presentation
on ‘How far modelled data sets and remote sensed data products can be applied within the offshore renewables sector’ on 19 May at 13.
− Site visit to Met Ofﬁce Centre in Aberdeen.gov.metofﬁce.co.gov.
she now works out of offices in Edinburgh. One such is global
s the pace of develop-
consultancy operation WSP Group. Having worked in the renewable sector in Europe and the UK for the past 10 years. Head of Offshore Renewables for the company. which has established its Future Energy division with the specific remit of providing whole project life cycle engineering and environmental services to the worldwide energy supply and transmission sectors. who joined WSP last year as the latest stage in a career that started as a
biologist in her native Australia over 30 years ago.Offshore wind
Mike Farish talks to Beverley Walker of WSP Group about the latest developments in the offshore wind market
in particular as the UK’s Round 3 and Scottish Territorial Waters programmes move towards their formal project consenting stage – companies servicing the market are seeking to define unique identities for themselves based on their perception of real market requirements. appropriately close to the North Sea where much of OWF development will be focussed. Walker explains that WSP Future Energy is intended both to coordinate and further develop existing energy-related activities on the part of the com-
ment in the offshore wind market relent-
lessly ramps up – and
. A key player within the set-up is Beverley Walker.
be down to her and the expanding team. though it is evidently an issue to which she has given a good deal of thought. For the moment Walker merely notes that theoretically at least those processes should be “more flexible” than previously. *insurance risk analysis. therefore. which are highly aspirational and challenging. but which the whole of Europe is committed to meeting. “and it is this type of expertise that is influencing our recruitment and expansion”.000 or so employees at its disposal. whether organically or through acquisition. Again Walker can pinpoint the
offshore wind market will. In short the market is one in which technology. Those that are currently relevant include: *offshore health and safety. A favoured tactic for dealing with this situation by developers in the sector has been to pool their resources through various forms of business alliance. the market is currently dealing with high initial capital expenditures – and clients are pushing to drive those costs down. Initially at least it will mostly comprise a management team that is able to draw on relevant resources within the wider company. project consenting. The new streamlined consenting processes contained in the Planning Act 2008 will be administered by the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) established in 2009. legislation. and has been provided with the autonomy to make its own decisions about how best to pursue that goal through its own efforts. Walker adds that WSP has already developed a system to exploit the deal in a way that should make those highly sought after technical resources available to clients in a cost-effective manner. which has 35 years of deep water experience – to work together on offshore projects – a deal that Walker says should add to WSP’s resources in terms of experience in foundation and jacket design. *environmental impact assessment (EIA) and consent permitting. “This can only come from innovation and experience”. in particular a shortage of people with the necessary skills to enable offshore surveying. and operators – is coming up against a number of bottlenecks. Just last November it entered into a formal agreement with its sister company in Norway. waiting is not an economical option. electrical design and HVDC cable routing. Notwithstanding initial
reservations from UK clients regarding skills and resources arriving from another country.■
www. She estimates that in the immediate term this will put around 900-1.” Walker observes. we are finding that “experience” is becoming an increasingly easier commodity to price and sell. This makes for a highly competitive market. *foundation design *offshore HVDC competence. “We have our own budget and targets.Offshore wind
pany that already generate around £30million of revenue each year. is that a clock is ticking and that the first formal consenting applications for Round 3 are likely to be submitted as early as next year.” she confirms. Much of how it does so in the UK
crucial areas of expertise needed at this stage. an experienced EIA practitioner and part-time registered IPC Commissioner. to help pave the way and provide support to clients with key advice. But Walker also stresses that WSP Future Energy is set on global growth. The one she identifies as perhaps the most significant is that through both EU and then in turn national government directives it is “being driven by legal targets. commercial imperatives and procedural routines are still trying to find ways to co-exist that are efficient and mutually supportive. Right now the industry – owners. In addition. In the case of Round 3 it is a market that she regards as possessing some highly distinctive characteristics. WSP Future Energy is looking for smart alliances that can offer this skill base to the UK market. Multiconsult – WSP has a 25 percent share of this engineering consultancy. WSP has recruited Martin Broderick.wspgroup. Walker claims. What is certain.000 of the Group’s 9. developers. though. “It is a market with a lot of mergers and joint ventures. and design – a shortage that is in part a consequence of competition with and the generally higher salaries paid by companies in the offshore oil and gas sector.” In consequence.
com/renewables. For nearly 30 years. visit: www.
Gaining a clear understanding of the ocean’s current and wave activity is critical to marine energy site selection and site monitoring. and waves measurements for renewable applications.Be In The Know
ADCPs for precision current proﬁling. This data ensures optimal performance. turbulence. For full details on how our ADCPs are being put to work in your industry.com
www.rdinstruments. Teledyne RD Instruments broadband Acoustic Doppler Current Proﬁlers (ADCPs) have been the proven choice for precision environmental data for offshore oil and gas applications—and are now embraced for renewable programs as well. as well as safety and environmental compliance.
projects identified as adding economic development value to the region. contact with government and industry bodies. geothermal and fuel cell energy and members include energy operators and service companies. The organisation acts as a regional catalyst to transfer four decades of offshore energy expertise in oil and gas into renewables. the Department of Energy and Climate Change and other public sector and Scottish local authority working groups. The Energy Institute. Many organisations are now applying existing knowledge and skills to capitalise on supply chain opportunities in this
quickly expanding market. the UK and Europe. marine. AREG can tap into wellestablished trade networks.Regional development
Scotland’s renewable energy industry is gearing up . the North Scotland Industries Group. Scottish Council for Development and Industry. biomass.” In addition. “AREG has significantly increased participation in the renewables supply chain (wind. service. The EOWDC is a joint venture between AREG. training and accreditation companies. solar. or otherwise participate in.
. flagship projects and its activities surrounding the development of the All-Energy show. According to AREG. tidal and hydro. engineering. the Aberdeen Renewable Energy Group (AREG) is working to build a competitive and sustain-
Through Aberdeen City Council’s membership of the World Energy Cities Partnership and its connections with an array of international energy regions. One example is the European Offshore Wind Development Centre (EOWDC). Chief Operating Officer Morag McCorkindale explains: “A large part of AREG’s success is delivering on our aim to lead. EWEA. research and development interests and other trade associations.we report on one group that’s helping to develop the sector
aunched in 2001. AREG has initiated a portfolio of forward-thinking projects. solar and district heating) by promoting the industry through its active and inclusive events and international trade programmes. AREG also has close ties with Scottish Renewables. UK Trade and Investment. wave. Scottish Enterprise and the Chamber of Commerce. Membership activities span every sector of renewable energy including wind. SubseaUK. technology developers. AREG is a not-for-profit independent membership organisation committed to further development of the renew-
able energy sector in Aberdeen City and Shire. These links are complemented by close working relationships with Scottish Development International. The group has its own board of directors drawn from major energy interests across Aberdeen City and Shire. bio. four local authorities. and can tap into a multitude of public and private sector trade networks. the EOWDC
able renewable energy industry for Scotland. Vattenfall and development partner Technip. RenewableUK.
skills transfer and business enterprise. ■
www. which last year attracted visitor numbers in excess of 7. An application for consent for the EOWDC is due to be submitted to Marine Scotland for consideration later this year. The show is a key event for AREG in displaying its own activities and those of its partners and members. access and training procedures. encourage the region to diversify its economy and capitalise on employment opportunities and attract scientists. to establish a renewables research hub. Aberdeen City Council and Aberdeenshire Council since its inception.000 for the initial three years and have since leveraged around £1. technology development and a test-ground for new health and safety. is building on the alliance to progress joint renewable energy research capabilities. The exhibition and conference is a vibrant platform for renewables technology. The three parties in the alliance .committed £700.000. to biomass infrastructure between 2006 and 2009 and since then additional developments have included installations of biomass boilers in public buildings including Marischal College. researchers.The University of Aberdeen. Over £8million was committed could provide a vital stepping-stone to the UK’s ambitious 39GW of generating capacity planned for offshore wind development in territorial waters. a collaboration involving Aberdeen’s internationally renowned universities has been designed to bolster the city’s status as an industry leader in the renewable energy spectrum. The Robert Gordon University and Aberdeen City Council . A second project with which AREG is deeply involved is Aberdeen’s All-Energy show. in December. which has been supported and championed by AREG.5million from industry and other research organisations. AREG has also been instrumental in the region’s growth of biomass projects through its leading role in the Grampian Biomass Working Group and through participating in an advisory role on other projects. the EOWDC will provide independent validation and accreditation of equipment and services prior to commercial deployment.aberdeenrenewables. The venture will support national security of energy supply. The project. As well as proving new turbine designs and foundations. brings together delegates and business interests from around the globe. The support was endorsed by the European Council and is part of wider proposals to invest in key energy and internet broadband infrastructure projects. by a grant of up to €40million from the European Economic Recovery Plan. the Crown Estate awarded the EOWDC an exclusivity agreement to test and demonstrate up to 11 next generation offshore wind turbines in a zone off Aberdeen. possibly becoming a centre of excellence for environmental research.All-Energy. Last August. This was followed. Finally.com
. It will also generate further value through associated R&D activity and could boast an offshore research station. Foresterhill Hospital and Duthie Park Winter Gardens. offshore wind supply chain companies and future investment. engineers.
hgf.hgf.Proud to be Scottish IP Firm of the year 2011
Intellectual property: Release its potential www.com
.com Follow us on twitter – @hgf_ip Visit our web log – www.typepad.com
Harrison Goddard Foote – MIP Scottish IP Firm of the year 2011 Contact us Please contact Dr Gary Wilson on 0141 229 5800 or email gwilson@hgf.
are all on site too and
Theone Wilson discovers Teesside’s answer to the challenges of the offshore wind supply chain
AG Energy Solutions. Alex Dawson. TAG has been very
. such as the welding equipment that will be crucial to the operation. The construction of this facility. Dawson indicates that. in terms of foundations the requirements are very similar. It’s home ground for us. The wide array of machines.” To this extent. Additionally. he foresees long-term prospects for the market. The company wants to establish itself as a key player for foundations and topsides both in the UK and Europe. it was seen as a short-term solution. “It’s about moving an individual project towards a production process. but it has lasted 30 years.” Dawson says. TAG’s Chief Executive.” he explains. in particular Dawson hopes to become involved with EDF’s Teesside windfarm. for which the company would be ideally placed. “The offshore wind sector looks set to follow the same route.” The challenge is not producing them but rather converting the manufacturing and installation into a slick process. located on the Teesside waterfront. Last year the decision was made to utilise this experience within the offshore wind industry. “When the oil and gas industry was first taking off. TAG has submitted tenders for several upcoming projects.Offshore wind
operations. although the offshore wind industry differs in part. is expecting the site to be ready for action around the middle of June. and the company set about building a new production facility that will manufacture offshore wind turbine foundations. The key to this is the group’s 30 years’ experience working offshore in the oil and gas sector. has sped forward in leaps and bounds. TAG has now received all the funding for the site and the building is nearing completion. based in Billingham. already has extensive experience of offshore are being lifted into position. he explains that foundations are produced through “simple technology. Meanwhile. Though carefully designed.
active in the German market, which is seeing a lot of movement - the group currently has nine tenders submitted for German prospects. The UK, Dawson states, has a lot
moment. One example Dawson cites is that of cast nodes. At the moment, there is insufficient capacity in the UK to produce these and TAG is getting quotes from Germany for the items. Despite this, there is a real opportunity for a “renaissance” in the UK market; Dawson believes that the UK does have the capacity to become a leading exporter in the market as a whole. “We have the skills but just need to apply them,” he says. He indicates that in the UK there has been a lack of stimulation from the government to encourage the greater supply chain but the situation is now improving; however, responsibility also lies with individual companies to take the opportunities that are available. “Companies need to stand up and be proactive - let people know that they are ready and waiting for work,” Dawson explains. He senses that much of the industry is waiting for work to come to them rather than going out and searching for it, and this needs to change; key to finding these opportunities is networking. “People don’t know that you’re there unless you tell them,” he adds. Dawson himself has spent the past year raising TAG’s profile so
that the industry knows they are now available to take on work. To further raise awareness, TAG has undertaken a study for The Carbon Trust, examining how to manufacture 100 jackets per annum. The work has brought home the point that offshore wind is potentially a huge market. In fact, once the site at Billingham is in operation Dawson anticipates running it 24 hours a day, seven days a week. He is confident that there will be more than enough demand to make this worthwhile. As the business develops, TAG may also look at expanding and moving into new areas such as operations and maintenance. Overall, offshore wind, Dawson concludes, fits into the UK’s energy plans as part of a balanced energy approach. This includes oil and gas, nuclear and renewables. While offshore wind is probably some years away from becoming commercially viable, in Dawson’s mind it is essential to maintain this balanced outlook on energy. Nonetheless, the future looks bright for anyone with the skills and expertise to make an impact in the sector - and that includes TAG. ■
to offer but is currently “slightly behind the curve”. In comparison, the German sector is a lot more advanced. The German port of Bremerhaven, for example, has recently seen a lot of investment into its facilities. This means that international cooperation in the field is developing. “We are currently having conversations with companies across the world, but we are very much at the beginning of this process. The sector needs serious collaboration,” explains Dawson. Certainly, there is room for development in the UK market at the
Harnessing natural energy
Engineering, technical safety and risk, and environmental consultancy services from Xodus Group actively support the development of renewable energy projects.
Surveying Solutions for the Renewable Energy Sector
Oceans Of Ingenuity....
Aspect Land & Hydrographic Surveys is an ISO 9001: 2008 accredited company offering a full range of hydrographic, geophysical, oceanographic, marine environmental & topographic survey services, with expertise in combining all disciplines into single projects. We have an excellent proven track record of providing surveying solutions to the Renewable Energy sector. To date, numerous projects have been completed for offshore wind, wave and tidal energy schemes as well as onshore wind farms and hydro-electric power plants. Projects have been undertaken in some of the remotest parts of the UK within the most demanding and challenging environments, as are often required for renewable energy devices. With a team of highly professional, experienced and dedicated staff we can undertake projects of any size or nature. Continuous investment in state-of-the-art equipment and software ensures that we remain at the forefront of our profession. By developing long term, professional relationships with our clients we have built a reputation for reliability, integrity and excellence.
Multibeam Bathymetric Surveys Side-Scan Sonar Mosaics Geophysical Survey & Interpretation Magnetometer Surveys Cable Route & Pipeline Inspection Seabed Geomorphology Grab Sampling & Laboratory Analysis Marine Archaeology Precise Positioning Services ROV & Drop-Down Video Surveys Mobile Laser Scanning
Please contact us to discuss your project requirements and we will provide you with informed, professional advice and a competitive no-obligation quote.
The same could be said of other contenders in renewable energy such as wave energy and run-of-river small hydro. In response to this trend and to the growing awareness of the impact of CO2 on the environment.we cannot adequately predict nor ensure constant wind or sunshine.Energy storage
Energy storage looks set to become a key element of the sustainable energy portfolio . Globally the proportion of energy produced from renewable sources remains relatively low. whilst wholly predictable. This natural feature of renewable energy has the potential to threaten the overall effectiveness of these green energy sources. together with growing concerns regarding energy security. grid become increasingly popular. Many sources of renewable energy.and the technology is rapidly advancing
echnological advances and scaleable energy storage solutions will soon provide utility companies. are inherently somewhat unpredictable . If national. regional and global targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions are to be met. since our grid infrastructures and energy demand patterns assume that electrical power is available at the flick of a switch. Pumped storage hydroelectricity
organisations and large energy consumers with new choices to simultaneously enhance their facili-
ties and reduce overall reliance on fossil fuels. Ironically tidal energy. so too will the need to ensure the quality and quantity of the energy reserves to cater for those natural variations in supply. whilst endlessly available. Global energy demand is rising and our appetite for power seems insatiable. as the renewables contribution rises. this proportion must rise significantly and. is not willing to submit to our requirement for it to release its energy at times of peak demand. renewable energy sources have
Power conversion specialist Converteam is addressing these issues through investment in technological developments such as its ProNRG system. Director Technology at Converteam UK points out: “Choosing the right storage medium for the intended application is critical. superconducting magnetic energy storage and flywheels. The latest generation of energy storage systems seek to provide a means of implementing synthetic inertia in lieu of costly. each of which is based on insulated gate bipolar
transistor (IGBT) switching devices. lithium ion batteries. As many of the currently available storage media use low voltage DC at their terminal there is a need for the power converter to convert the output into grid compatible AC. as each unit of electricity requires more fuel to produce it. rapid switching capability and efficiency. inefficient rotational inertia based energy ‘reserves’. During periods of high demand.converteam. stored and released in order to satisfy base load as well as peak demand and does so in a way that
www.” At the heart of an effective energy storage system such as ProNRG is the power converter system . Derek Grieve. Fossil fuel plants which operate in this way by sustaining significant levels of rotational inertia.a high power converter to transfer electrical energy efficiently between the energy storage medium and the grid. super capacitors. These sophisticated devices are a major contributor to the multiple goals of reliability. off peak electricity to drive the pumps. each has unique characteristics and each has something to offer depending on whether your need is for the storage and delivery of electrical energy in short bursts or for its delivery over many hours or days. In addition to taking power from the grid and attending to its conversion and storage. This technique stores energy in the form of water which is pumped from a low to a high elevation reservoir using low cost. which ensures that natural energy sources can be harnessed. also known as spinning reserve. According to Grieve: “Large scale systems engineering and serial production is partly what will develop this market into one that meets the demands of legislators.Energy storage
is one technique whereby hydroelectric power generation is used to meet peak level demand. tend to incur penalties in terms of elevated maintenance costs due to the effects of thermal cycling. Matching the right storage media to the right power converter and delivering it all as a coherent whole recognises the many differences between an energy storage system designed for a split second energy release pulse for a naval aircraft launch system and a system designed to sustain stable grid output on an evening when wind turbines aren’t turning at optimum speed. In the fossil fuel arena. Whilst this satisfies energy demand it does so at the expense of efficiency. the power converter uses sophisticated inbuilt condition monitoring circuitry to oversee the energy media and provide essential data to the user therefore permitting the flexibility that’s required to satisfy operational requirements. The ProNRG power converter comprises an AC to DC inverter and a DC to DC booster.com
reserve to meet demand fluctuations. There are a number of energy storage technologies around including flow cells. power plants tend to run below full capacity to be sure that they have sufficient
ensures safe and efficient connection to the grid. Although effective as a means of meeting peak demand the process is seen by some as being inefficient due to the cost and energy consumption involved in the pumping process. utility companies and consumers alike. the stored water is returned from the high to the low reservoir via turbines.
���������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������ ��������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������
●�� ����������������������������������������������������������� � ������������������������������� ●�� ������������������������������������ ●�� ������������������������������������������������ ●�� �������������������������������������� ●�� ������������������������������������� ●�� ������������������������ ●�� ������������������������ �
An energy consultancy is delivering an integrated package of services to the renewable industry to bring forward energy projects
wind. The company has more than 30 renewable related clients on its books. One of the most significant recent contracts won is with MeyGen to
. The electricity generated from the project will be exported onshore for transmission to the National Grid. independent power generator International Power plc and technology provider. structural design and technical risk and safety. will convert into a 25 year operational lease. Xodus will co-ordinate the environmental impact assessment for MeyGen. An ‘agreement for lease’ for the site has been awarded by The Crown Estate which. if necessary consents are achieved. Liz Foubister.000 homes. Xodus Group’s marine renewables environmental
integrated services through its expertise in subsea engineering. The project will consist of up to 400 1MW turbines generating enough energy to power 400. Atlantis Resources Corporation. wave and tidal projects and is creating many new business opportunities in the low carbon arena. which will accompany the Marine License application for the project. They will be located in roughly 3. investment bank Morgan Stanley. The company is experienced in prototype deployment. permit applications and environmental impact assessments and can offer
odus Group believes the skills learned from the oil and gas industry are readily transferable to emerging
deliver an important environmental study for a major tidal project in the Pentland Firth. Xodus and MeyGen will spend eight months consulting with the public and carrying out the study.5km2 of the Inner Sound of the Pentland Firth off the north
coast of Scotland between Caithness on the Scottish mainland and the Island of Stroma. a standalone development company backed by shareholders.
He explains: “We are experiencing a growing demand for our low carbon services that we offer with some exciting new project wins in the offshore wind and wave arenas.com
. which we previously worked on securing the consents to enable deployment. We look forward to working with Xodus and community stakeholders
in order to assess any impact this project may have on the environment.” The company will be showcasing its services and some of the unique renewable products it has developed at All Energy in Aberdeen on 18-19 May on stand V30. Eric Doyle.” Xodus works closely with wave and tidal technology developers using the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) and has been involved in helping to secure a number of consents for organisations including Aquamarine Power. “We can support clients’ engineering requirements.xodusgroup. One of the two tidal technologies to be deployed as part of the Inner Sound Project is the Atlantis tidal turbine. The cross-over from oil and gas means we have experts in subsea and structural engineering as well as technical and occupational safety areas. locally and regionally. so we are actively recruiting new talent in this field. currently being tested at EMEC.” Dan Pearson. CEO of MeyGen says: “This contract is key to the successful development of the MeyGen project and we are delighted to have awarded it to Xodus. The multi-discipline energy consultancy employs more than 310 people across its six divisions. Business Development Manager at Xodus revealed the company has plans to further expand its renewable capabilities with a recruitment drive planned for the coming months. a local company which has built up an excellent reputation in the sector.35
specialist based in the Orkney office comments: “The MeyGen project is one of the most significant tidal initiatives in the world. Scottish Power Renewables and Atlantis Resources. so it is a great privilege to be involved. from the concept select phase through to pre-FEED and FEED and into operational support.
.Renewable energy consultants
Technical by nature
QUALIFIED BY EXPERIENCE
including 50 solicitors and attorneys.a combined heat and power system that is targeted at the UK and European residential heating markets as an alternative to conventional natural gas fired boilers. a clean technology development company. Harrison Goddard Foote (HGF) is one of the UK’s fastest growing intellectual property and patent law companies. intellectual property protection is a key factor in securing such investment. such innovation is worthless if intellectual property is not taken seriously. The technology uses an organic Rankine cycle (ORC). Over recent years the company has worked increasingly with start-ups and new technology
. bio fuels and fuel cells. solar PV. power management. issues surrounding intellectual
property are of utmost importance to businesses working with the sector. in addition to other aspects of the technology and product design. Across wind. the firm now has a staff of over 100. without proper protection the time. “The aim is to compile a range of patents that protect the inventive features of the technology and the system
tively young industry and. The technology is covered by a number of patents. that cover the micro-CHP using an ORC and scroll expander. The Energetix Group. which were managed by HGF. One of the reasons why the sector is proving so dynamic is the sheer number of small companies who are eager to bring new technologies to the market. The Energetix Group has developed. amongst other products. energy and money spent on research and development could be wasted as the technology is effectively given away to competitors.Intellectual property
Intellectual property is a key concern for innovators in renewable energy. a micro-CHP technology known as Genlec . According to HGF. investors are keen to involve themselves in low-carbon technologies. Launched in 1995 with a single attorney. essentially comparable to a refrigerator working in reverse. as with many new technologies. However. is just one client who are benefiting from HGF’s experience in dealing with intellectual property concerns. Energy Engineering looks at the relationship between one IP firm and their client
enewable energy is a reladevelopers within the renewable and clean energy sectors.
Aberdeen Abu Dhabi Doha Dubai Halifax. NS Hong Kong Houston Laem Chabang Lagos London Miami Perth.135mm deep x 181mm width
. offers an alternative to lead acid in a range of applications.loc-group. Head of Sales and Marketing at Energetix Genlec.” Another Energetix technology. Additionally.hgf. Aberdeen
Energy Engineering Magazine .com
www. As the industry grows and new commercial opportunities open up. “Given the nature of patents. ■
www. having the protection of patents enables a more confident exploitation of the competitive features of individual products.” adds Parker. the process from application to grant can have many twists and turns through the UK and international examinations. The technology has many applications for high value back up power offering high reliability and power availability.” says Parker. “Pnu Power”. then it has to have good business behind it.Intellectual property
at a component level. The considerable experience of those
dealing with our cases has enabled us to progress through this process with favourable outcomes. green technology out there.All-Energy 2011. “If we are to get good. Energetix has worked with HGF for a number of years in protecting core technologies through patents and trademarks on a variety of innovative developments. pragmatic advice is essential as it ensures appropriate decisions are made in relation to patent applications so that time and money can be properly invested. Wave and Tidal Energy Projects
Warranty Surveying Navigational Risk Assessment Project Management Environmental Impact Studies Approval of Installation Vessels Preparation of Contingency Plans Safety Auditing Evaluation of Project Concepts Cable Installation
Please visit us at Stand C195 . “Our experience of working with HGF has been of working with a very professional outfit. HGF worked with Energetix to secure international patents protecting the core technology of Pnu Power. in particular managing the international process and dealing with foreign agencies through local attorneys. The batteries generate electricity using compressed air to drive a scroll expander.” concludes HGF patent attorney Matt Dixon. WA Qingdao Rio de Janeiro San Francisco Shanghai Singapore Stavanger Tampico Tianjin
Marine & Engineering Consultancy Services for Wind.
“For small entrepreneurial companies requiring investment. which in turn drives a generator. With patents. as businesses mature there is the potential to further exploit patents and trademarks through licensing agreements that allow expansion into new markets. “HGF has always been able to cover our range of technology areas and offer good advice on approaches to patents. whether it be venture capital or institutional. demonstrating a level of protection of their technology is an important element in attracting funding. good.” explains Geoff Parker.
whose innovation and expertise will shape the future of nuclear power production and usage. Make sure you don’t miss out by registering today. Nuclear Power Europe is a conference that attracts the industry’s leading professionals and key decision makers. In the panel discussion on day 1.com
NUCLEAR POWER EUROPE ADDRESSING THE HOT BUTTON ISSUES
Owned and produced by: Flagship Media Sponsors:
For further information on exhibiting and sponsorship at Nuclear Power Europe. MILAN ITALY
Register before the 20th May 2011 and SAVE 10%
In light of recent events there has never been a more important time for the nuclear community to come together to discuss the key issues facing the maintenance and development of nuclear plants in the European market.nuclearpower-europe.com.nuclearpower-europe. Visit www.com for more information and to download the conference programme. please visit www.Conference & Exhibition
7-9 JUNE 2011 FIERA MILANO CITY. or contact Asim Niazi T: +44 1992 656 679 E: asimn@pennwell. ‘Fukushima: The impact on the European nuclear renaissance’. industry experts will explore every angle in what promises to be a lively debate.
Secondly. In addition. Firstly. but the fact that ing 100 tonnes group that’s helping to develop the sector and a 17m base
installation vessels needed to deliver offshore wind farms are driven by the liftseveral companies have already tripod/jacket structure weighing 100-150 tonnes. Meanwhile. hydrodynamic drag and the vessel’s ability to respond to incoming swells. for example. Several tidal companies have either built or are considering the former solution. This allows the use of towed pontoon barges or DP construction support vessels operating with wider working circles. Furthermore. a 20mx3m nacelle weigh-
volve modest weights to be lowered 30-60m down through the water and placed on the sea bed. it is obviously appropriate to ask whether utility-scale tidal deployments could also utilise offshore wind installation vessels. so there is little potential for any ‘slack’ capacity in any case. This typically leads to lower physical sizes and structural weights. might have an 18-20m diameter rotor. such seabed and current conditions are similarly inimical to the use of moored vessels because drag embedment anchors are impractical. Most are capable of oper40
Chris Garrett and George Gibberd of GL-Garrad Hassan discuss the energy fleet of the future Scotland’s renewable energy industry is gearing up . because fully-assembled machines are being handled. Another difference is that single tidal rotors are typically limited to a maximum 1MW rating owing to the high blade root bending moments and the limitations in structural form imposed by the smaller rotor diameters. The seabed at tidal sites is generally scoured bedrock and vessels need to hold station in currents of to 6-7 knots. in fact. In consequence. They are now typically capable of lifting nacelles weighing 300-500 tonnes to under-hook heights of up to 100m. This militates against the use of jack-ups because of the risk of leg impacts and the potential for strong vortex forces. the technical requirements for tidal stream installation vessels are. There may prove to be a single vessel design capable of installing
. As the form and weight of those turbine elements have become increasingly uniform. station-keeping on a tidal site is a very different operation to avoiding collision with a fixed offshore oil-rig structure. Furthermore. But this is unlikely to be the case for two reasons. Crane operations are constrained not so much by wind speed. the seabed provides no degree of moment fixity to the legs. so equally have the characteristics of the jack-up platforms involved. quite distinct so that in the longer term a bespoke vessel fleet will be needed. and some lattice legged vessels in 45-50m.Installation vessels
Load factors Close collaboration
ing requirements for nacelles and blades. the load handling requirements for tidal stream vessels are almost the opposite of those for offshore wind. the offshore wind fleet is unlikely to be sufficient in size to deliver the installation rates implicit in the Government’s strategic plans. They are designed for long-period. Such conditions contrast sharply with those at exposed tidal sites where wind and waves can be at any angle with respect to the
ating in 40m of water. but more by the tidal currents.we report on one he specifications of the all of these devices. given the superficial resemblance of tidal and wind turbines. Offshore DP construction vessels are also a feasible. maintenance and recovery of multi-point clump weight catenary moorings having run-outs of several hundred metres are prohibitive. though it is not clear whether the positional accuracy provided by tugs alone will be adequate for arrays and cable interface work. Moreover. Positional tolerance requirements are also generally less onerous. suggests there is no obvious choice of vessel on the market. They inproposed device-specific installation vessels to deploy their prototypes. high wave-states with co-directional winds and very limited side-currents. but expensive. option. there has been negligible convergence in the design of tidal stream devices and there is currently still quite a wide variety at the large scale prototype stage. a typical 1MW tidal seabed-mounted machine. ranging from pontoon barges with winches to semi-submersibles to dedicated dynamic positioning (DP) crane barges. while the time and costs associated with the installation.
Gibberd@gl-garradhassan. vessel capability must be recognised as a constraint that must be addressed at an early stage in the design process.com
. As such. the main challenge in planning DP operations at a tidal site is to maximise the tidal current operating window so that the spread down-time over spring tides is minimised.41
surface currents and the currents themselves are transient in magnitude and direction. Furthermore. operations which span the change of tide require the vessel to manoeu-
vre at slack water to maintain heading into the flow. Moreover. So workable utility-scale tidal energy will require the development of a bespoke class of installation
Chris. both based in the Bristol office of GL-Garrad Hassan. the installation of tidal devices requires precise scheduling given that the slack-water windows of opportunity in which operations are possible for ROVs and cranes may be no more than 35 minutes per tide. and George. because neap windows appear only over the fortnightly tidal cycle. In addition.gl-garradhassan.
www.com is a senior installation engineer in the offshore wind group.Garrett@gl-garradhassan.com is head of marine renewable installation services.
from which the name of the machine is taken. the Y25t. instead of producing energy for grid distribution. each one rated at 25kW. This machine
wave machines. For example. this time the lower member has a ‘Y’ shape. It contains many of the solutions which will be adopted for the Series 25. in wave parks of small to medium size (50kW to a few megawatts) to produce energy near the load centres. the Y25t
0South Energy has completed construction of its next full scale prototype. and an ‘upper member’ kept near to the surface. the Y25t is the first full scale prototype for Series 25. not the wholesale one (around half that level). it will be economically viable even without any form of government incentives. This way the machines are used to offset energy consumption. and in all cases the increased granularity in
the offer provided by Series 25 over Series 100 was a significant commercial plus. With this set-up. In this respect. while the D100t was a full scale prototype for a Series 100. and therefore the value of the energy is the (total) retail price (around £110/MWh in the UK). Due to the reaction from the market. Various scenarios have been simulated for the use of wave energy machines in distributed power generation. which will have from two to six floaters. if the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of the wave park is below the retail price of energy. The Y25t will now be tested in the test area already used for the D100t. The upper member works at a depth between 0 and 10m depending on the wave con-
ditions. The reduction in power rating is due to the fact that the company is completing the preparations for the commercial launch of its ‘Series 25’
. and the
has the same general structure as the D100t. and the power rating of the machine is 25kW. Contrary to the D100t. 40South Energy decided to postpone the Series 100. for which it has received a very strong and positive market reaction. the machines can be used in the UK. installed in August 2010: a ‘lower member’ immersed at a depth of approximately 14m. and to concentrate on the Series 25.Marine energy
Michele Grassi reports on the deployment of his new prototype.
with the more traditional wave energy technologies. One of its main features is its capacity to withstand even the biggest storms of the North Atlantic without any problems. which have LCOEs in the £600/MWh region. A simulation with the Series 25 gives a final LCOE below £107/MWh along most coasts of the UK. This capability has the added advantage of allowing
for very large power interceptors (the Upper Members) without affecting survivability.return on the investment will become significant as soon as it drops even a little over that. Given the carbon reduction commitment legislation in the UK. and therefore it is possible to have cost-competitive installations in many islands where the grid does not arrive. Even in the Mediterranean. LCOEs of €200-€250/MWh can be achieved with the Series 25. and will be finalised once the data from the Y25t has been analysed. The Series 25 is in the final stages of design. and significantly below this level in good sites like Wave Hub in Cornwall. It is this de-linking of capacity factor and survivability which allows the machines to reach LCOEs competitive with retail grid electricity right from their launch. It should be noted that such a distributed generation of energy is not conceivable with offshore or onshore wind. This is particularly important given the current uncertainty over the level of subsidies available in the future for renewable sources. even going on par with the retail price will be interesting for many potential buyers of the technology. due to its capacity to vary its depth dynamically in response to changes of the sea state.40southenergy. ■
www. where there is a much milder wave climate.com
. given the huge environmental impact of the installations.
� Onshore and offshore renewables � Oil and gas exploration Our services include: � Airborne and terrestrial laser scanning (LiDAR) � Pipeline and cable corridor surveys and mapping � Aerial seabird surveys for offshore development � Solar potential mapping � Topographic surveys � Refinery and plant asset management � Pipelines and transmission
Visit us at AllEnergy 2011 on stand F35 to find out more…
www.uk er Da /e ly y ve nt s
.uk www.com | info.co. ld n O id q ac ua pe .co.uk
Structural Analysis Biomedical
Explicit Dynamics Aerospace
Electromagnetics Power Generation
Impact Analysis Sports
Structural Analysis Telecommunication
Drop Test Electronics
Parametric Design Conjugate Heat Transfer Computers Composites
Your Engineering Analysis Partner Tel: +44 (0)844 212 5900 email@example.com@blomasa. Technology. Competence
Finite Element Analysis (FEA) & Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
Fatigue Analysis Rail
Dynamic Analysis Oil & Gas
Buckling Analysis Civil Engineering
CFD Built Environment
�������������� �������������������� ������
Our specialist solicitors can assist you with: ��������������������������������� �������������������������������� ���������������������������������������� ������������������������ ����������� ������������������ ���������������������
T: +44 (0)1392 337000 www.co rt n .idac.com | +44 (0) 1934 311 000
Innovation.Surveying and Mapping Solutions for All Energy Projects
Blom offers survey and mapping solutions across the energy industry.uk
ww he atio w.ashfords.co.
the options range right up to concepts in which the nacelle is fully integrated in the bearing gearbox generator unit . The use of moment bearing supports in so-called single bearing concepts enables a high level of system integration and results in particularly compact and less complex wind turbine designs. The trend towards large multimegawatt turbines that are used particularly in offshore wind farms is also changing bearing support concepts for wind turbines. critical load conditions
ith rotor bearing supports designed to requirements. the rotor is only supported
. The preloaded bearing also prevents the transfer of negative axial loads to the drive train.it is possible to eliminate components
Industrial offers a bearing support concept that makes the use of multimegawatt wind turbines more reliable and efficient both onshore and offshore. Irrespective of the extent to which the idea of system integration is implemented in the concept .in a back-to-back arrangement that supports all forces and moments. Schaeffler Group
very precisely. With this concept. Engineering is carried out using the advanced rolling bearing calculation program that combines the advantages of the finite element method (FEM) with the existing features of BEARINX.Technical file
Meeting the challenge
One company reports back on its progress in rotor bearing supports for multi-megawatt wind turbines
by a single double-row tapered roller bearing . with a shaft and gearbox as well as a high-speed generator. but to assess all relevant.a so-called moment bearing . Single bearing concepts always result in very compact designs. Single bearing concepts in particular are gaining importance. This makes it possible to not only evaluate selected load conditions. for example. This single bearing concept can take different forms. as a hybrid solution with shortened gearbox and medium-speed generator or as a direct drive without a gearbox.
for example. Instead. a high-strength plastic that has low wear characteristics.com
. for example. expanded its rolling bearing calculation
program BEARINX to include elastic influences that are calculated using the finite element method (FEM). The organisation has. The Schaeffler Group supplies moment bearing supports that are individually designed for the respective turbine type. The system is therefore able to carry out complete rating life calculations based on the load distribution and taking elasticities into account. This narrow guidance of the rotor shaft means less movements act on the system. This means the group has a useful calculation program for designing rotor bearing
supports for multi-megawatt turbines. The plastic segment cage reduces friction and increases the efficiency of the turbine. This rigidity matrix represents not only the elasticities at individual bearing positions. This means that the head weight is reduced. which prevent axial clearance and small axial displacements. The new cage type not only improves the guidance of the rolling elements. Schaeffler Group Industrial has already implemented many single bearing solutions. This bearing support also offers
an advantage in that preloaded tapered roller bearings can be used. The results of the FEM calculations for the housing are transferred to a rigidity matrix and entered in the BEARINX calculation. They are available with classic steel pin cages or alternatively with plastic segment cages. Moment bearings can also have integrated anti-corrosion protection that is achieved by applying a zinc flamesprayed surface and multi-layer painting. The material used in plastic cages is PEEK.schaeffler-group. reducing the negative effects on the gearbox and generator.Technical file
and thus reduce weight. ■
www. The calculation program can now analyse bearings including the influences of housings not just for selected load cases. The engineering for these bearing variants is especially challenging because standard tools cannot be used for the design and calculation of the rating life. but also enables optimisation of the lubricant supply. around 250 classified load cases are evaluated taking all elasticities into account so that an optimal design can be produced that takes almost all critical load conditions into consideration. for 5MW offshore turbines. therefore. Special hardening processes enable customised material characteristics for integrated functions . but also the influences of the elasticities from one bearing position to another. smaller foundations can be used and the logistics are simplified. seals or connections to the adjacent construction. low weight and can support high forces.
Page 4 .com/hvdc
.challenges and possibilities.abb.It’s power delivery that really counts.Distributed Energy Storage Page 7 .ABB’s tried and proven technologies meet the grid connection challenges of Europe’s drive for renewable energy
READY FOR CONNECTION NOW
Page 2 .Enhancing ABB’s UK centre of grid excellence. Page 6 . www.Building HVDC supergrids . Page 5 .HVDC Light goes offshore.
This is where supergrids will play a key role. Sustainable energy sources cannot be evaluated as ‘stand alone’ solutions. geothermal and solar arrays . Second. This ambitious project aims to address the impending energy crunch in Europe by interconnecting national electricity grids from Spain to the Baltic Sea in a seamless electricity transmission and trading network. The Desertec vision (www. The idea of harnessing solar power from North African deserts to provide emission-free electricity to Europe is the central proposition of the Desertec Industrial Initiative. and make
the most use of renewable energy sources wherever and whenever they are available.eu) is a case in point. making the region’s electricity markets more efficient both in terms of meeting demand and in terms of energy trading. First. It would smooth out demand and supply across a vast geographical area and population. Europe’s proposed Offshore Supergrid (www.is playing an ever-increasing role in meeting our energy
technologies playing a very significant part. In parallel.to be permanently connected to centres of demand. and a significant proportion of local demand in producer countries by 2050. such as large cities.such as offshore wind farms. With improvements in the ef-
demands. it will carry electricity generated by offshore wind farms. efficient way. The role of the supergrid is twofold. The creation of ‘supergrids’ of interconnected networks offers an attractive way of increasing reliability and security of supply.inherently variable in its nature .org) sees solar power generated in the Sahara eventually meeting 15 percent of Europe’s energy needs. and crossing seas. What really counts is the efficiency of the total energy system. which may be hundreds of kilometres away.ABB
It’s power delivery that really counts
enewable energy . inaugurated in July 2009. they are only as effective as the power grid to which they ultimately connect. it will carry electricity from all sources around Europe. The challenge is how to connect these grids in a reliable. and smooth-
ing out the peaks and troughs in both power usage and generation.friendsofthesupergrid. to onshore grid connections. we will also need to roll out new ways of managing and interconnecting electricity grids nationally and internationally. and other renewable sources. with more active demand response and smarter grid
. High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission solutions are set to play a vital role. hydroelectric.desertec. There will need to be new approaches to living with variable generation sources. Supergrids make sense strategically because they enable potentially rich sources of energy . potentially over great distances.
with high availability and minimal maintenance requirements. This cable type has a copper or aluminium conductor surrounded by a polymeric insulating material. which are a strong.ficiency of power transmission. and in renewable energy technologies.resulting in an over-voltage tripping of the VSC and/or the wind turbines. grid codes requirements are becoming stricter. It can be used to connect separate asynchronous power systems (operating on a different frequency or voltage) where traditional AC connections are not feasible. It is ideal for integrating dispersed. especially
with the significant improvements that have been made in the performance of wind-conversion systems. and leaves the wind farm unaffected during main grid faults. HVDC systems also provide rapid and accurate control of power flow and are therefore ideal for interconnecting power grids to facilitate market trading. flexible and cost-effective alternative for severe conditions and deep waters. Now HVDC has emerged as a robust and economically feasible alternative for the subsea interconnection of offshore wind farms. Nonetheless. Based on VSC (Voltage Source Converter) technology it uses series-connected power transistors rather than thyristor valves. In addition. increases reliability and also creates an infrastructure that allows full utilisation of production resources including additional remote renewables. The water sealing of the cable has a seamless layer of extruded lead and finally one or two layers of steel wire armouring to provide the mechanical properties. Another important requirement is to design a system that can withstand the harsh and sometimes very hostile offshore environment. Subsea supergrid interconnections demand a very robust electrical transmission system. but we must ensure that our grids are sufficiently developed to collect and deliver that power efficiently and reliably. Also. which have enabled wind turbines to be connected to the transmission grid and be safeguarded against surges in power generation. minimises the number of lines. In China. The good news is that ABB has the technology to build these strong. Most grid codes today set requirements on ‘fault ride-through’ or ‘lowvoltage ride-through’. the construction of very large offshore wind farms presents some significant engineering challenges in getting large quantities of electrical power back to shore. it is a well-proven technology with over 50 years of operating experience. as a consequence. most of the previous technical challenges involved have now been overcome. reliable grids commercially available and ready to connect. into existing AC grids. especially wind power. They must not only meet strict national grid codes. which is currently building a truly national grid. VSC-based HVDC solutions use extruded polymer (XLPE) cables. but also relieve stresses from wind turbines and other renewable sources by isolating electrical transients from the mainland grid. A fast reduction in the input power capability may therefore lead to a significant increase in the wind farm bus voltage . weaker. It is also used for smart transmission and smart grids due to its great flexibility and adaptability. As the proportion of renewable power generation increases. HVDC offers higher capacity per line but also lower transmission losses than traditional AC systems. This means there will be no abrupt change in the output power from the wind turbines and the disturbance seen by the wind turbines will be minimised. wind turbines or farms must typically be able to survive sudden voltage dips down to typically 15 percent of the nominal grid voltage for up to 140ms. HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) technology is used to transmit electricity over long distances by overhead transmission lines or submarine cables. designed from a blank sheet of paper. It is surely significant that the longestablished US grid features just one to two percent of HVDC transmission. Renewables will make a significant contribution to Europe’s power needs. The wind farm network is much
smaller than a typical utility grid and. which is very strong and robust. This allows the development of remote hydro resources. ■
. An excellent example of this new generation of HVDC is the HVDC Light system pioneered by ABB over the past 14 years. The DC chopper is a high-energy resistor in the DC circuit that evacuates the surplus of energy during network faults when power transmission is not possible. For example. HVDC will comprise some 10 to 20 percent of the total transmission capacity. The solution used is very robust. First made available on a commercial basis by ABB. its rated generation normally matches the rated HVDC transmission capability. In offshore wind farm applications. renewable generation.
rather than through the broader AC grid. 700MW HVDC Light system for the fourth HVDC link between Norway and Denmark. there have been rapid developments in XLPE cable technology for HVDC applications recently and the trend indicates that the required voltage levels will be achieved soon. The subsea cables for such supergrids will need to operate in the region of 500kV. Plans to introduce wind power in the North Sea. Currently.
Building HVDC supergrids . the main challenge concerns adaption of international Regulatory frameworks to manage these new grids. solar power in North Africa (the Desertec initiative) etc. To date. Establishing the ENTSO-E (a European TSO cooperative association) in 2008 was a major step towards the formation of rules and frameworks to support future grids.challenges and possibilities
VDC links are used for bringing offshore wind power to shore. A reference project for constructing a regional grid with a limited number of nodes is already in place. the residual technology gaps will be closed to make the European Supergrid a reality. the maximum rating for a single building block of ABB’s HVDC Light technology at +320 kV is 1150MW. and not by changing the polarity of the DC voltage. The terminals can be connected to different points in the same AC network or to different AC networks. The Québec-New England project completed in the 1990s has clearly demonstrated the feasibility of threeterminal HVDC systems. For HVDC supergrids to become commercially viable they may well need to be based on individual links of some 2GW. technology is advancing and ABB is providing a monopolar 500kV. and the demand for economically efficient connection of offshore wind farms. based on previous HVDC and cable technology development rates.ABB
to-point HVDC connections grows. no XLPE cables capable of this are commercially available. Wider use of DC grids is likely to involve challenges of a technical nature. The resulting DC grids can be radial. interconnected or a combination of both. it would help to connect them directly. As the number of these pointpower market regions. resulting in power generation profiles of low variability. The following technology gaps need to be closed to create such a grid: • DC breakers • Power flow control • Automatic network restoration • DC/DC converters for connecting different regional systems The basic technologies in these fields are known although some further development is needed to fully meet all regulatory demands. The major motivation for an offshore grid topology is constituted by two policy drivers: the need for connectivity between countries and
. ABB anticipates that. So it is reasonable to expect that 2GW HVDC Light links will soon be achievable. Future transmission grids will be more international and will be operated and regulated by a range of international bodies as well as national agencies and system operators. ■
The value of these grids (offshore or onshore) is in their role as a facilitator for power exchange and trade between regions and power systems. An interregional DC grid is defined as a system that needs several protection zones. However. an offshore grid will allow the aggregation and dispatch of power from offshore wind farms in different regions. However. This is giving rise to plans for HVDC supergrids. HVDC Light provides better capabilities for operating regional multi-terminal systems as it has the advantage that the power direction is altered by changing the direction of the current. Mass Impregnated subsea cable at 500kV already exists and several HVDC projects will be based on this technology in the near future. Moreover. have created interest in HVDC grids. However.
This voltage will then be transformed to 155kV AC before reaching the HVDC Light converter station. the use of HVDC is applicable where the distance to the connecting AC grid exceeds 40-70km. The main circuit equipment is therefore exposed to lower environmental requirements than a normal outdoor installation that enables a more compact design. each with a capacity of 5MW. via four 70km subsea cables. sea and land cable systems and the onshore converter station. ABB has followed their path by successfully delivering the first offshore HVDC schemes. The land cables will be laid underground. The world’s first HVDC link to connect an offshore wind farm with an AC grid is the BorWin1 project. thus minimising environmental impact. A remote wind power farm could be connected with either AC or HVDC.considerable challenge. The German utility TenneT has awarded a contract to ABB to supply an 800MW transmission link to connect offshore wind farms located in the cluster DolWin1 (Borkum West II wind farm. The goal is to maintain high performance of the link throughout the whole operational lifetime. of course. When complete. Oil exploration companies sucessfully met similar challenges when they first began to exploit offshore oil and gas reserves in the North Sea. is that cold (5-11°C) water for cooling is readily available. The ventilation must also take airborne losses into consideration. Apart from the main transformers. The transmission system has a total capacity of 800MW at ±320 kV. These will feed their power into a 36kV AC cable system. With the constraints placed on space and weight offshore. Based on HVDC Light technology. This 84 MW link was the world’s first offshore HVDC transmission project. transmitting 400MW power to the land-based converter station. HVDC Light offers some key advantages. It enables the Troll A gas production platform to meet all its power requirements from onshore generation. 400MW. this 200 km link connects the Bard Offshore 1 wind farm located off Germany’s North Sea coast to the HVAC grid on the German mainland. which then continue into two 75km land cables. BARD Offshore 1 will consist of 80 wind generators. ■
. Here the AC is converted to ±150kV DC and fed into two 125km sea cables. An advantage of being offshore in the North Sea. located on a dedicated platform. set up in 2005. all high-voltage equipment must be installed inside compact modules on the offshore platform. VSC-based HVDC converter stations can be fully automated or remotely operated. HVDC Light’s functionality in the offshore environment is shown by Statoil’s Troll A power from shore project. supply and installation of the offshore converter. The wind farms will be connected with AC cables to the HVDC converter station based on an offshore platform situated in the North Sea and further through 75km of DC sea cable and 90km of land cable to the HVDC onshore station at the grid connection point at Dörpen/West. The ventilation system in the modules must protect the high-voltage equipment and the
HVDC Light goes offshore
he demanding environment and remote location makes power transmission from large offshore wind farms a electronics from salt-laden and humid air. since it is compact and lightweight compared with other HVDC solutions. ABB oversees system engineering including design. Depending on the size of the wind farm. along with grid conditions. plus future unnamed wind farms) in the North Sea to the German grid. Other needs are as follows: • safety is paramount • salt and humidity place severe requirements on the choice of materials and surface treatment • maintenance needs must be minimised • extensive monitoring is needed.
. SVC Light is based on Voltage Source Converters (VSC) connected in shunt to the grid at transmission as well as sub-transmission and distribution level. ground. on demand.DES is an attractive alternative for this application with its rapid response. and the growing demand for electric vehicles.ABB
Distributed Energy Storage
sion and distribution networks where they can improve the quality of the power at optimal cost.Energy storage with reactive power capability can provide voltage support and respond quickly to voltage control signals. highly variable and multi-directional power flows to accommodate: increased levels of distributed generation. new services based on dynamic energy storage are added. Power Quality . distribution and transmission level energy storage applications.Altering the pattern of energy use so that on-peak energy use is shifted to off-peak periods. ABB’s latest DES development is the DynaPeaQ® system that enables dynamic control of active as well as reactive power in a power system. both centralised and distributed.Related to Load Shifting. combined with Li-ion battery storage.DES can protect loads further downstream against short-duration events that affect the quality of power delivered to the load. DynaPeaQ is aimed at industrial. To reduce the end user’s electricity cost.Allows an intermittent electric supply resource to be used as a nearly constant power source. The main DES applications are: -Load Shifting . Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs) are used as switching devices. Benefits: a) Commercial and industrial customers can reduce their energy charges by improving their load factor b) Utilities reduce the operational cost of generating power at peak periods (reducing the need for additional generation equipment) c) Investment in infrastructure is deferred because the system has flatter loads with smaller peaks. networks only needed to handle a simple. Both contribute to demand management in which the ultimate goal is to increase the load factor. the DES charges up with low-priced energy and is discharged when the energy prices are high.DES can provide power for short periods of time to a network. DynaPeaQ is a great Smart Grid enabler. reducing the effect of a temporary fault. Peak shaving uses stored energy to eliminate the short-term peaks in the energy consumption pattern. independently of each other. We need a smarter grid that can receive power of all qualities from all sources.
Outage management . Since the increased use of intermittent generation requires dynamic voltage control as well as balancing power. The system is based on SVC Light®. The focus is on applications where the use of continuous reactive power control and short time active power support is needed.and airsource heat pumps). Renewable Energy Capacity Firming . passive flow of power from high-voltage generation and transmission to low-voltage consumption. and deliver reliable supplies. the potential transition of energy sources currently on the heat grid on to the electrical grid (for example. Deferred infrastructure upgrades . In the past.DES modules placed electrically downstream from the congested portion of the transmission system can help to prevent overloads and defer potential upgrades. Voltage Support . ■
to handling complex. By controlling the reactive power. to consumers of all kinds. Energy storage can enable networks to make the transition
BB’s Distributed Energy Storage (DES) systems serve a variety of different applications in transmis-
Shaving . Frequency Regulation . grid voltage and stability are safeguarded with high dynamic response. By control of active power.
The XLPE cable will provide the strength and flexibility needed to endure the severe conditions of the Irish Sea. Indeed. ABB is responsible for system engineering.offshore wind farms. With its unique combination of advanced technology. There is a growing consensus that VSC (voltage source converter) based HVDC technology is the optimum approach for creating the effective power links to integrate offshore power into national grids. ready to implement now. The transmission link will run underwater for 186km and underground for 70km. The simple facts are that ABB pioneered VSC-based HVDC technology in its HVDC Light system launched over 14 years ago.abb.uk/careers
BB has established its UK operations as a centre of excellence for the implementation of the very
the converter stations at each end that switch AC (alternating current) to DC (direct current) and back. skilled and experience staff and project delivery know how.co. and enable Ireland to expand its wind power capacity. and both converter stations. reliable and efficient electricity grids vital to make the best use of Europe’s precious energy resources. Rated at 200kV. this will be the highest voltage HVDC Light link using this type of cable. ABB looks forward with confidence to helping create the modern. with minimal environmental impact. The only visible parts will be
. from senior staff to the new technical apprenticeship scheme. with a total capacity of nearly 5. What is less clear is its status as a proven commercially available technology. The interconnector will strengthen the reliability and security of electricity supplies in each country. with a particular focus on further enhancing its position as a centre of excellence for grid systems technology. In 2011. including design.HVDC Light
Enhancing ABB’s UK centre of grid excellence
is a well-proven technology. ABB is carrying out a major recruitment drive in the UK. the highest ever for an HVDC Light underground cable. The system is scheduled to be operational in September 2012. It has plans to grow even further and needs more people to help achieve its ambitious targets. ABB is pioneering the development of the UK’s multi-terminal offshore supergrid by starting technical design work on an HVDC Light project. which will be the first link to incorporate a hub for the connection of
latest grid technologies. ABB has 16 HVDC Light projects either delivered or in delivery. supply and installation of the sea and land cables. The higher voltage enables a transmission capacity of 500MW.up by 30 percent in 2010. One of ABB’s most important cur-
rent projects in the UK is Eirgrid’s EastWest Interconnector that will provide a 500MW link between the Irish and UK power grids using HVDC technology.000MW . They include both HVDC and FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission Systems) that covers a number of technologies that enhance the security. capacity and flexibility of power transmission systems. ■
For information about careers with ABB please visit www. ABB works hand in hand with the UK’s leading power utilities to help them develop and maintain their vital electrical infrastructure and its growth has been outstanding . This recruitment programme covers every level.
Connect renewable power to the grid? Naturally. +44 (0)1785 825 050 Fax. Our focus on harnessing green energy is making power networks smarter as well as more efficient and reliable. even in the most challenging conditions and over long distances.
ABB’s leading edge technologies and life cycle services ensure the effective integration of renewable power into electrical grids. +44 (0)1785 819 019 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. helping to protect the environment and fight climate change.abb.com/hvdc
ABB Limited Tel. www.com
Such key issues are to be addressed by prominent industry figures at the upcoming Renewable Energy
World Europe (REWE) conference taking place in Milan from 7-9 June.
overnments and industry are taking a more strategic approach to renewable energy
balancing of supply and demand on the grid has become a more complex proposition. a number of hurdles. although hydropower technology is relatively mature. the
. ensure security of energy supply and drive economic However.Conference
The renewable agenda
David Appleyard. a number of major European projects are in progress. Whilst smart grids are increasingly touted as a solution. Statistics suggest that renewable capacity and power generation continues to be dominated by hydropower. financing remains a major challenge for the renewable sector and other clean energy projects. conference director at Renewable Energy World Europe. including efforts to develop additional pump storage in Germany and the recon-
technologies as they look to combat climate change. stand in the way of widespread adoption. in particular cost. As a result. More generally. However. discusses the key industry issues that will be debated at this year’s event
growth. the growing use of renewables in the energy mix poses new challenges in terms of security of supply because they often generate intermittent power. of which approximately 997GW has been installed across Europe.
interactive. A European ‘supergrid’ is increasingly seen as a fundamental component to enabling the region to achieve its renewable energy policy goals. Indeed. The adoption of renewables by both businesses and consumers is clearly gathering momentum. 7-9 June. are taking a longer-term strategic view in their energy procurement policy. there will be around 40GW of installed offshore wind energy in Europe. the REWE conference will cover a wide range of industry issues and offer delegates a deeper understanding of the renewable energy sector. driven largely by financial incentives in the form of government-backed schemes such as Feed-in tariffs (FiTs). As track record and experience increases. countries surround56
and the Delft University of Technology. one of the biggest challenges the industry now faces is how to integrate the increasing amounts of intermittent power sources like solar and wind into the electricity grid. lenders can be expected to commit an increasing share of their balance sheets to financing renewable projects and should be willing to expand on the range of technologies they finance. In addition to the topics outlined above. through the installation of smart meters. Throughout Europe. with access to flexible tariffs and better visibility of where savings can be made. FiTs have been introduced in the UK. the financing of renewable technologies will be the focus of a core session given by Arnaud Bouillé or Ernst &
ing the North Sea have agreed to cooperate on developing a North Sea grid. transmission capacity auctions or a system of grid access based on carbon or other sustainability criteria. The installation of smart meters is being taken up by an increasing number of organisations as a tangible way to monitor and manage consumption. Spain. and representatives from ABB
www. Wind power capacity is expected to grow to 446GW within five years and to nearly 1.a scenario that looks likely to play out in the UK too. Fiera Milano City. organisations are able to become renewable energy producers by selling energy generated by renewable technologies back to the grid.■
REWE 2011. Although the whole wind energy market is still heavily dominated by onshore projects. Smart grids help avoid congestion and organisations. Italy. The challenges of grid integration will be tackled at this year’s REWE conference by. recognising that even small fluctuations in the price of energy can have a huge impact on their profit margins. among others. for example. finance provision will undoubtedly play a key role in creating a sustainable future for renewables. Germany and elsewhere. But it is not just hydropower that is experiencing growth. com
. in 2010 Europe experienced a 50 percent growth in the offshore wind market. Peter Johnson. with most of the planned development being installed in the Baltic and North Sea regions. Ironically. With the legislation Europe has put in place to promote renewable energies. the PV industry appears to have become a victim of its own success. Smart grids are expected to transform today’s power distribution systems.000GW over ten years. From the funding of new projects to ensuring long-term commercial viability. The European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) predicts that by the end of 2020. in order to integrate about 60GW of offshore wind power between several countries. Visitors to the event will also have access to Europe’s leading energy exhibitions. grid operators may still be able to do more to make a level playing field for renewables. bidirectional systems that distribute electricity more efficiently. Despite this. vice president of Alcatel Lucent. The popularity of PV FiTs has lead to the government reducing the FiTs rate . and are proving to be extremely successful in promoting adoption of renewable technologies such as small scale wind and solar photovoltaic (PV). Major development of the European grid infrastructure is thus considered critical to maintaining reliable power supplies and bringing renewable energy from production sites to consumers. Milan. The North Sea Transnational Grid project aims to investigate the best ways of integrating large scale offshore wind power by the construction of a transnational transmission grid in the North Sea. National incentive schemes to accelerate the grid integration of renewables have already been put in place across many European countries.Conference
ditioning of hydropower plants in the Swiss Alps. In addition. Addressing the issue of cost. in Germany.renewableenergyworld-europe. Existing transmission capacity could be used much more effectively in maximising energy production through. into flexible. investment in new renewable resources represents a growing sector of activity for lenders. Power-Gen Europe 2011 and Nuclear Power Europe 2011.
com for further information. The busy exhibition floor populated by major players in the renewable sector. is accompanied by a high-level conference featuring strategic and technical presentations by leading experts in the renewable energy field. To download the conference programme and to register at the early bird rates visit www. on exhibiting and sponsorship at Renewable Energy World Europe or contact: Amanda Kevan T: +44 1992 656645 E: amandak@pennwell. FIERA MILANO CITY.Conference & Exhibition
7-9 JUNE 2011.com
.renewableenergyworld-europe. MILAN ITALY
Register before the 20th May 2011 and�SAVE 10%
Renewable Energy World Europe Conference and Exhibition offers unrivalled networking opportunities connecting the utility-scale renewables and general power industry.renewableenergyworld-europe.com today!
RENEWABLE ENERGY WORLD EUROPE ADDRESSING THE HOT BUTTON ISSUES
Owned and produced by: Flagship Media Sponsors:
Please visit www.
Manchester.500 delegates – Over 200 exhibitors. UK
support: ActionForRenewables.The UK’s leading renewable energy trade association is proud to present
Offshore Wind 2011 Conference & Exhibition
June 2011 | Liverpool. Two days of conference sessions will examine industry developments and the UK’s position as the world leading offshore wind market.com
29 – 30
Proudly supported by:
– Over 2. UK
events. side and social events
Join us at RenewableUK’s tenth annual event dedicated to UK offshore wind energy.renewable-uk.com
Delegate Early-bird discount closes 30 March 2011
RenewableUK Cymru 26 May 2011. Cardiff. 75% booked – Networking.renewable-uk.
International Small Wind 5-6 April 2011. UK
RenewableUK 2011 25–27 Oct 2011. Gateshead.
here are the results
he success of the global wind energy industry is directly linked to the performance and profitability plans. with an index of the windiest European regions over the last season. which vary significantly from location to location and through time. and secondly an analysis of the performance of five sites within the UK. Italy. western and central Europe. Using data generated from our weather model we have created a wind index.Wind analysis
of individual wind projects. Iceland and Iberia. especially in December 2010. for winter 2010/11. The league table shows that. Much can be learnt by analysing the wind over a particular region and a specific site within the region. These blocking areas of high pressure over Europe meant that the Atlantic depressions were forced north to Iceland or south to Iberia and the western Mediterranean. Spain. With many wind farms today not performing in line with original
The Met Office have analysed the wind in a number of regions . much of Europe experienced winds below the long-term average. Germany and France. The main exceptions were the edges of Europe. A good part of the season was characterised by blocking areas of high pressure. This article provides an overview of wind across regions and sites within Europe. you can use this article to: • Put the performance of your portfolio into context based on recent wind statistics • Assess whether your farm’s under or over performance is due to wind or other factors. especially December. especially the British Isles. These trends can be seen in some of the site-specific graphs. which is why these areas were windier than usual. but even January and February 2011 saw generally higher than average pressure over much of Europe. with Andalucia in Spain recording a windier winter than average. All the other selected sites show a quieter winter
. ranking 15 regions across Europe by comparing the average wind speed for winter 2010/11 against the winter season long-term average.
over a one-year period for five sites across the UK. Using cutting-edge science. where January and February were significantly quieter than normal. The series of graphs shown on these pages compare monthly average wind speeds against the long-term average. Italy and Spain. Germany. It has been generated by Virtual Met
Mast. cost-effective and reliable site-specific analyses to help you make informed decisions for wind farm investments. with the majority of sites recording less wind than usual. ships. which incorporates observations from satellites. Virtual Met Mast offers clear. the Met Office has invested in the research and development of Virtual Met Mast which: • Combines cutting-edge science and super computer technology • Uses the Met Office’s Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model. The pattern continues over the past 12 months. Andalucia is once again the only area to show windier conditions than normal. Virtual Met Mast helps select the best onshore and offshore UK wind farm sites with increased certainty. France. ground stations and radar as a foundation for generating site-specific wind farm assessments • Employs a wide range of
. the Met Office’s site-specific wind analysis model-based tool.Wind analysis
overall. To help you deliver accurate wind assessments in advance of a real met mast installation. This was particularly noticeable at Lake Constance in Germany and the Po Valley in Italy. aircraft.
metoffice.uk/energy/renewables/wind. To find out how the Met Office can help your business. level and range of data across Europe. All are welcome on the tour.gov.45pm on 19 May where we will showcase our work with The Crown Estate to determine how far beyond qualitative mapping tools model and satellite remote sensed data products can be applied within the offshore renewables sector. including confidence figures. you can be assured of receiving first-class analysis and forecast information.continuously monitored wind observations to produce a core wind analysis record (extending back over 20 years) • Provides site-specific data at hub height for both onshore and offshore locations • Allows outputs to be correlated with real met mast data to derive the ultimate value from your Virtual Met Mast assessment • Provides a variety of essential statistics. With the Met Office coverage. come and talk to us on Stand AB14 at All Energy from 18-19 May 2011.uk/energy. The Met Office will be pleased to generate a wind index for your current and planned sites and to assist you in managing the performance of your wind portfolio. To find out more or to register contact Jane Robertson on +44 (0)1224 870 777 or visit www.metoffice. from 9am to 12pm. gov. You can see us during the conference programme from 1. You can also sign up for a free technical tour of our Marine Centre of Excellence in Aberdeen on Friday 20 May 2011.
For more information visit www.
regulators and The Crown Estate. We also actively pursue and initiate innovative research studies. based in both South-
ampton and Aberdeen.net/maps/ renewables/).” Whilst directly supporting developer’s aspirations. Senior Metocean Consultant at ABPmer. ABPmer has led several of these. but
just as relevant to the marine renewables sector. data management and analysis all in one website: www. Our knowledge and experience is
. David Lambkin. The Western Isles initiative complements our earlier work in developing the Atlas of UK Marine Renewable Energy Resources. (Learn more at www. Such information is essential to ensure that marine operations and developments achieve maximum efficiency with minimum risk. more devices are being passed for deployment and areas of seabed are being consented for development. This includes our development of Guidance on Coastal Process Modelling for offshore wind farms (published by COWRIE). Seastates is an online integrated metocean service which offers customised forecasting. These are exciting times for the marine renewable industry. By combining accurate forecasts with metocean archive data.Marine energy
Dr Claire Hinton outlines how consultancies. present and future conditions surpass many standard methods. is a specialist multi-disciplinary consultancy with a history of providing marine environmental support to offshore wind developments around the UK. says: “Working in the changeable and sometimes harsh marine environment poses a number of challenges. coastal process studies. Typical contributions range through all stages of a project lifecycle and have included resource assessments. for example in support of Tidal Energy Limited and more recently the Alderney Commission for Renewable Energy. in-house R&D has included a numerical model that offers a detailed description of the hydrodynamic regime across both the Western Isles and Northern Ireland territorial waters. which can be typified by our leading role in strategic projects for Government. including the appropriate assessments associated with The Crown Estate’s recent Pentland Firth
there are signs that the marine renewables sector is ‘maturing’. developers and regulators make use of ABPmer’s specialist abilities and knowledge of the marine environment
he offshore wind industry could be considered the older sibling of the wave and tidal industry. It provides an order of magnitude enhancement in our ability to identify and map sites of high flows for potential exploitation by tidal stream devices. ABPmer. our involvement in national science forums and contributions to ISO standards for marine renewable developments. Feedback from developers suggests that Seastates’ innovative interface tools which allow customised delivery and analysis of past. This model can also be applied in the latter project stages of project consenting
and design requirements. we also apply our expertise to strategic studies.seastates. Dr. In order to support wet renewable resource assessments. we have been providing support in the design and construction phases of development through our metocean forecasting service. and has been applied to a number of studies. More recently.abpmer.net. specification and supervision of surveys. Having the most up-to-date seastate or metocean information from the right geographic location is essential. Seastates ensures that developers have the information required for planning work in the dynamic marine environment. This is in addition to metocean analysis and O&M support at both the zonal and project scales.
. needs to prepare prior to adopting
the draft plan for Offshore Wind Energy.uk
Engineering Plastic Solutions for Renewable Energy Generation
If your business is in the wind.” Highly respected and recognised across the industry.com
You inspire … we materialize®
Quadrant EPP AG.leasing round and offshore wind in Scotland. Chose equipment wear components made of Quadrant engineering plastics! Don’t let your investment wear out too fast. Hardstrasse 5. and maximize your All-Energy 2011 visit – come to our booth no E110! For more information please visit our website www. We pride ourselves in delivering a high quality service tailored to the exact needs of a project. the Irish Republic. Tel +41 (0) 62 885 81 50. tidal or fuel cells energy sector. We were commissioned to complete a Habitats Regulations Appraisal (HRA) of this plan in accordance with the requirements of the EC Habitats Directive. including sites as far away as Northern Ireland.quadrantplastics.quadrantplastics. The Scottish Government prepared a draft plan considering the potential of Scottish Territorial Waters to accommodate Offshore Wind Energy. ABPmer looks forward to providing support to future developments within the offshore wind. as competent authority.com. solar. England and Wales for some species of marine birds. equipment parts can make a considerable difference to the output and your bottom line. CH-5600 Lenzburg. email@example.com. including developers. Dr Stephen Hull. regulators and other consultancies. comments: “Adopting a precautionary approach. ABPmer has provided specialist services to the majority of those involved in offshore wind. The appraisal will inform the appropriate assessment that Marine Scotland. the study considered potential impacts to over 370 designated sites which were screened into the assessment. wave and tidal sectors. ■
www. The most recent of these was an appraisal undertaken for Marine Scotland that considers the effect on European designated sites of planned offshore wind developments in Scottish Waters. www. Director of ABPmer. as required by the Habitats Directive.
IBG 046-2-10 .
www.© Photos : Saft / Fotolia .C016/2
Saft’s new generation Li-ion battery systems meet the specific needs of renewable energy storage and grid stabilisation applications. long-life and compact Saft Li-ion energy storage solutions provide energy and power from kW up to MW for:
. Highly-efficient.C016/2-VBAT_SAFT 30/11/10 10:02 Page1
• Local energy management for residential PV.saftbatteries. community energy storage and smart grids • Smoothing intermittent generation of solar and wind power plants • Grid stabilisation providing dynamic high power support in electricity networks.
From a policy perspective. the sector is keen to move forward and has welcomed the new revenue based mechanism which is the first of its kind in the world. which by its very nature is limited in introducing new technologies to market because it is inherently ad-hoc in timing and unable to drive significant long term investment or promote cost reduction. It has been a hard time for both installers and fuel suppliers alike. the new regime presents a compelling case for considering renewable heating. airports. and that is for just for biomass
delays in publication. however. Black & Veatch has seen a marked shift in interest amongst clients as diverse as dairies. Indeed. the renewable heat industry was feeling the effects of the policy void as prospective site developers were awaiting guidance before making any investment decision. After
old grant based regime. Even a cursory modelling analysis suggests that the paybacks are most attractive for those installing larger scale plants and particularly in applications where the utilisation is high .Biomass
Hayley Myles of BV gives an upate on the renewable heat industry
he Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) Policy document was published on 10 March this year. wood processing.notably in process and service applications. since the RHI’s announcement. This is a mountain to climb in nine years from our present one percent. it is
a welcome move away from the
. Indeed. district heating sites. the structure of the RHI regime is certainly trying to ensure that the
Government secures the biggest carbon displacement “bang for its buck” by setting an attractive RHI level for those installations where the carbon saving and fuel displacement is most cost effective. however. whilst the delays were unfortunate. food manufacturing. Both of these are a pre-requisite for the sector to make significant in-roads to the UK Government’s commitment to meet 12 percent of heating supply from renewable energy by 2020.
In the case of biomass heating. In all evaluations. it is important to understand an investment’s pinch points. but it is also notable that the RHI income could also be used to generate a rolling fund which could be used to fund subsequent low carbon investment if organisations have multiple sites. we have seen the installer base expand from just 4-5 in the late 1990s to its present level of c. in the past four years. Black & Veatch are presently working with the Carbon Trust and the Forestry Commission to construct a GIS based fuel sourcing facility which will be launched in the coming months. The issue of biomass fuel pricing remains the “elephant in the room” and there are concerns within the sector that prices will both escalate and fuel shortages will become an issue. Inevitably with such a revenue
incumbent on the sector to ensure that good and impartial information is disseminated and the lessons learned from early market experience are absorbed. where prospective sites were identified across the whole of the UK. ■
Should you have any questions concerning biomass to energy systems. These materials are all available on the Carbon Trust’s Website and are supplemented by occasional biomass events around the country. the key factors that influence fuel cost and consider well structured fuel supply contracts.50. These include: • Biomass Heating: A practical Guide for Potential Users • Template fuel contracts • A permit & consent guide • A preliminary assessment tool to establish a sites’ preliminary business case.com).
generator. We would signpost prospective sites to some of our earlier work on fuel contracts as well as the soon to be published work on fuel procurement. Finally to help people identify potential fuel suppliers. Black & Veatch
has certainly seen fuel prices increase in recent years during our fuel procurement activities for a number of medium and large scale clients.Biomass
heating. However. Again. Amongst those installers and designers. with several new regional studies now underway. The food manufacturing and retail sectors are actively pursuing anaerobic digestion (and CHP) using a variety of food residues. With this in mind. finding appropriate heat uses for larger facilities or CHP installations becomes an interesting opportunity and one which Black & Veatch has completed previously. it is
. please contact Martin Eastwood (Eastwoodm@bv. there will always be new entrants who may be less familiar (or indeed indifferent) to good practice. Black & Veatch has produced for the Carbon Trust’s Biomass Heat Accelerator a suite of tools that can assist designers and prospective sites plan and install biomass. there are a number that have learned valuable lessons about the good design and execution of biomass plant and fuel reception and they are now bearing the fruits of their efforts. both of which have been produced under the auspices of the BHA. Consequently. with strong order books and an attractive incentive regime. Paybacks of less than three years can be expected in some cases. the RHI has created an upsurge in interest in this aspect. We have also seen the same scale of activity for other technologies which will generate RHI payments.com) or Hayley Myles (mylesh@bv. whilst biomethane to grid is receiving considerable interest throughout our water industry client base.
. too: Black & Veatch’s leading biomass experts are helping developers. biomass heat.Lost Found
Turn lost resources into found opportunities. recovery and utilisation. lenders and government agencies extract value from what could have been lost.BV. Together Redhill +44 (0)1737-856367
www. Know this. utilities.
You know you can’t afford to lose resources you can use. Let’s talk about how we can deploy advanced biomass strategies for you to transform yesterday’s lost opportunities into tomorrow’s sustainable resources. power and co-generation. to name a few. and secondgeneration biofuels. We’re building a world of difference. such as solid biomass and municipal solid waste to energy.
Taking wind turbines to new heights
Michael Hawkins. can result in the need for bearing replacements. which can cause numerous surface cracks. costs might be even higher and after the warranty period. and if damaged bearings are not replaced promptly. excellent resistance to oxidation and protection against wear. Other advantages include longer equipment life. In remote locations like offshore. For example.000. significant gear damage can result. when factoring in all expenses. The most common cause of gearbox downtime is related to bearing failure. makes these gears susceptible to micropitting. details how the group’s lubricants are helping the wind energy sector to become more cost competitive
productivity.4MW turbine can cost a company more
ind turbine maintenance presents many challenges that can impact on
operate. combined with improper lubrication. including the price of a new gearbox. The cracks propagate at a shallow incline to the surface. gearboxes can be very costly to repair or replace after the warranty expires. forming extremely small micropits that can reduce gear tooth accuracy and lead to significant gear damage. The main gearbox drives the generator and is the heart of a wind turbine. in combination with high loads found in wind turbines with hardened surfaces. Lubrication plays a vital role in optimising performance and minimising downtime by mitigating friction between components of the main gearbox. bearings are put through a significant amount of stress. Considering the variable load. Extended oil life translates into a variety of benefits. replacing a gearbox for a 1. labour costs. Mobil SHC fluids can actually reduce energy consumption in many applications. With their advanced designs and overall importance to system performance. global brand manager for ExxonMobil’s Mobil SHC brand of synthetic lubricants. maintenance effort and lubricant-related downtime for oil changes. the operator becomes responsible for keeping the turbine running for the remainder of its service life. ExxonMobil’s Mobilgear SHC XMP 320 protects against micropitting and exceeds the performance of traditional oils by extending the interval between oil changes from 18 months to three years or more. When conducting oil changes offshore. speed and dramatic temperature conditions under which wind turbines
. Compared to conventional mineral oils. including reduced volume of oil purchases. like our Mobilgear SCH XMP 320. The drive to minimise up-tower weight has resulted in compact gearbox designs which. Considering that the average wind turbine is designed to operate for up to 20 years and the potential challenges and costs associated with maintaining a wind turbine gearbox. wind turbines may be as high as 300ft or more and there may
than�€400. used-oil disposal volumes. crane rental and lost revenue from turbine downtime. These factors. it is recommended that maintenance professionals use a wellbalanced synthetic gearbox lubricant. hightemperature capability.
ExxonMobil offers a wide range of products. Using routine oil analysis as part of a preventative maintenance programme. Oil analysis employs a test slate that is designed to evaluate the condition of the in-service lubricant and the condition of internal hardware. of course. REpower Systems AG. pitch and yaw bearing greases into one product. ExxonMobil has an extensive portfolio of lubricants that deliver long lasting performance for wind turbine operations. Overall.be rough seas to contend with and.com
. Perhaps the most recognised product is Mobilgear SHC XMP 320.000 full load hours have been recorded. A key factor in the development of lubricants is the close working relationships that our ExxonMobil scientists and application specialists have with
farm in Belgium. The results demonstrated that the oil delivered superb wear protection with few issues related to ageing detected during the analysis. often with smaller footprints. it is imperative to work closely with an expert lubricant manufacturer and participate in oil analysis every three to six months. frequently provide better overall performance than their predecessors. recently carried out research that revealed the availability of the six REpower 5M turbines in the Thornton Bank wind farm has been consistently above 97 percent over a period of six months. mineral-based oils are even more pronounced in offshore environments. Typically. the main gearbox is located right in the centre of these extreme conditions. maintenance professionals can extend the lives of both the gear oil and the gearbox by detecting and acting on early warning signs. To obtain the greatest benefit from oil analysis. more compact and efficient equipment that is capable of delivering even higher load capacities. strong winds. change-outs for hydraulic systems are more costly and challenging offshore than onshore. a synthetic gear oil for wind turbine gearboxes.000 wind turbines worldwide. we recently analysed more than 15. Mobil SHC Grease 460WT is the company’s premier synthetic grease for the lubrication of main. At ExxonMobil. So the benefits of choosing synthetic lubricants versus conventional. Identifying trends in the data will help maintenance professionals make better informed oil suitability decisions. These effects are compounded by the OEMs’ drive to reduce total life cycle costs for their products. original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) have focused on developing new. Also. reducing the risk of relubrication with the wrong product and without introducing unnecessary operational risks. pitch and yaw bearings and offers exceptional low and high temperature performance. operating at the Thornton Bank offshore wind
and rust and corrosion inhibition. Over the years. It allows consolidation of main.mobilindustrial. The upside is that these newer units. which is used in more than 30. such as contamination or increasing wear metals.false brinelling protection. despite adverse conditions in the open seas. structural stability . The use of a high performance gear oil contributes to improved reliability in a turbine and since the turbines were officially commissioned more than 4. ■
www. excellent wear protection
key OEMs.000 used-oil samples of Mobilgear SHC XMP 320. including greases to lubricate bearings and hydraulic oils that help pitch rotor blades. The downside is that such improve-
ments sometimes put additional stress on lubricants in terms of higher operating temperatures and load conditions.even in the presence of water . This includes reducing oil volume while extending oil drain and re-greasing intervals.
Inverness.uk | www.org. a region covering the north and north-west of Scotland. skills and expertise. Home to around a quarter of Europe's natural wind and tidal resources and 10% of the wave resource.
Highlands and Islands Enterprise Cowan House.Highlands and Islands of Scotland – the home of
OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY
The Highlands and Islands. IV2 7GF.org.uk | www. the region is ideally placed to remain at the forefront of the fast-emerging offshore renewables sector. Scotland Tel: +44 (0)1463 234171 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ambitious for energy
.hie.co. has arguably the world's best combination of renewable energy resources. testing and deployment infrastructure.hi-energy. Inverness Retail and Business Park. technology development.
according to Calum Davidson. testing and deployment infrastructure and a highly skilled and expert workforce and supply chain. in a dream location”. “At HIE. we recognise that offshore renewables offer Scotland a once-in-a-generation opportunity for significant economic growth and in particular to see some of our more fragile and remote communities reinvigorated. the world’s first grid-connected wave and tidal energy device test
t is his “dream job.” Home to around a quarter of Europe’s natural wind and tidal resources and 10 percent of the wave resource.Regional development
meets the new Director of Energy and Low Carbon at Highlands and Islands Enterprise and finds out what makes this his ideal job
in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland we have arguably the best combination of natural resources. home to EMEC. “Here
.” says Davidson. “Where else in the world is better placed to lead the marine energy revolution?” he says. the newly appointed Director of Energy and Low
Carbon at Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE). the region is well-placed to lead the development of a fastgrowing and dynamic offshore renewables sector. technology development. He cites Orkney. the Scottish Government’s economic and com-
munity development agency for the north and north-west of Scotland.
the local supply chain has developed. “The region also has world-class fabrication and port infrastructure. Davidson is clearly passionate about the region and its energy sector. Caithness and Sutherland will play a pivotal role in the next stage. “There are a number of things we can do to develop a real energy cluster. “But the impacts of EMEC are much widerreaching across the Highlands and Islands. based on their oil and gas experience.Regional development
centre. but the Highlands and Islands didn’t capture the real long-term benefits. “And nor do I believe there is a better place in which to be doing this job than the Highlands and Islands of Scotland. Caithness and Argyll. and says that the new post is indicative of the agency’s commitment to the development of renewable energy across the region.” he explains. “The hydro electricity schemes of the last century made use of an
. He took up his new role on 1 April. We can work to expand the supply chain of local businesses involved in the sector. We can market our key sites to attract major manufacturers to the Highlands and Islands. but Davidson argues that this has ensured the region and Scotland remain at the forefront of the rapidly emerging marine energy sector. while Shetland-based Delta Marine.” The region is also playing a key role in the development of offshore wind. Scotland and the UK.” However. The Talisman Beatrice Offshore Wind Demonstrator project is the world’s first deepwater offshore wind project and realised around 40 percent local content. and from specially commissioned vessels to high voltage design and installation engineers. he has teenage memories of the first wave devices being tested in Loch Ness in the 1970s. A regional planner with 25 years’ experience in innovative economic development.” Companies such as environmental consultancy Aquatera are
abundant natural resource. “I really can’t think of a more exciting sector to be working in than renewable energy. have invested heavily in EMEC to the tune of £30million. HIE has ambitions for this to become the norm in projects sited around the region’s coastline. Davidson cautions that the region’s resources on their own will not deliver economic growth to the region. “With each berth that has been built and with each developer that has deployed and tested at EMEC.” explains Davidson. HIE and its public sector partners. and the intellectual legacy to be based here.” While Orkney has benefited from being the location of the first major step in the development of full-scale prototype marine energy device testing. the region is home to the world’s foremost support services network for marine energy device deployment. as one example of how the Highlands and Islands has secured a lead position in the development of renewable energy.co. as we’re already doing in Orkney.” explains Davidson.hie. has also worked for Pelamis in Portugal. which complements funding totalling £11million from Orkney Islands Council and the European Regional Development Fund for Hatston Pier and Lyness Harbour. If the energy sources are here. “EMEC has been a catalyst for the creation of a marine energy cluster in Orkney. And we can work with government on a range of issues. we want the jobs. and has watched the growth of onshore wind across the region in the 80s and 90s. which currently provides around 200 jobs on the island. “We can build our research capacity.” concludes Davidson. “HIE has recently made million-pound investments in the infrastructure required for this emerging sector both in Caithness at Scrabster Harbour Trust and Orkney for property at Hatston
Pier. the Crown Estate has made the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters the location of the world’s first commercial seabed leasing process.uk
exporting their expertise all over the world. “From resource monitoring and environmental impact experts to divers and ROV operators.” ■
www. Its proximity to the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters and its enviable legacy of engineering skills and facilities will make it an attractive location when developers scale-up to pre-commercial and commercial device deployment. and then we can export it all over the world. developed during the oil and gas boom of the 70s and 80s.” he adds. Furthermore. the infrastructure. from transmission charging to grid connection. including the Scottish Government and DECC. all underpinned by the importance of the oil and gas industry to the region. and now ready to be put to use building the next generation of renewable energy capacity. which provides workboat services to Pelamis at EMEC.
E-3120 50kW Wind Turbine
Lanyon Holiday Cottages. Devon. UK
Wedﬁeld Farm. Devon.co. Cornwall.East Greadon Farm.uk
Overlangshaw Farm. UK
East Ash Farm. Berwickshire.endurancewindpower. Devon. Cornwall. UK
Each of the local authorities chosen to participate is regarded as a pioneer in the use of innovative technology and initiatives to reduce their environmental impact. The grants are intended to fund the exploration of various ways in which councils can meet their carbon reduction obligations and encourage us all to live
ollowing the spending review in late 2010 the Department of Energy and Climate Change. As such they are well-placed to investigate new ways of helping the UK to meet its environmental obligations. reports on a new solar project
that they would award grants with a total value of £2million to nine local authority areas across the UK under a scheme called the low carbon framework or LCF. so we have awarded just over £2million to be shared between 30 pioneering councils to work with individuals. Business Development Manager at Blom. When announcing the grant last
year. experience and influence. whilst enabling individuals to benefit from the economic and social opportunities presented by “green” technologies. The results of the project will show what
. Climate Change Minister Greg Barker said: “Local Councils can play a vital role in cutting carbon because they have unrivalled local knowledge.Solar energy
Barney Butterell. We want to tap in to this. businesses and communities to find the best and most effective ways to reduce emissions and stimulate their local economy. (DECC) announced
In applying for the grant BCC outlined a number of innovative projects which will further the city’s green ambitions. For a city the size of Bristol this means a potential saving of approximately 45. whilst encouraging residents of the city to live more sustainable lives. including neighbouring buildings. creating the solar potential data was just the first step towards increasing uptake of solar energy in Bristol. both are essential if we are to protect the environment for future generations. terrain and vegetation/
trees across the city created using an airborne laser scanner (LiDAR) The various components were then combined in a unique process developed by Sun-Area.annual average weather conditions for the region including cloud cover and solar radiation -A Digital Surface Model (DSM) .000 tonnes of CO2 per year.gov. Solar energy has the potential to reduce the UK’s dependence on fossil fuels and reduce CO2 emissions. One element of this project is the creation of an online solar potential map to show which buildings are suitable for the installation of solar PV or solar thermal panels. whilst DECC suggest approximately 25 percent of homes are suitable for solar PV. Maps of this kind published in German cities significantly increased the uptake of solar energy and the Bristol scheme also aims to encourage growth of the solar sector. property owners and individuals across the area. will be viewable online in the near future.uk/ knowyourplace.works best so other councils across the country can benefit and learn.the outline of every building in Bristol -Addresses .uk@blomasa.” Bristol City Council (BCC) was chosen to participate in the LCF pilot scheme having previously demonstrated a strong commitment to reducing their environmental impact. The partners immediately set about gathering the necessary components and data required to produce the solar potential map. Of course. The process includes calculations of shading on the building caused by surrounding objects. which include: -Building footprints . Soon residents and businesses will be able to view information on the suitability of their
roof for a solar PV or solar thermal installation. this currently shows historic mapping but showcases the technology through which the solar potential data. You can see an example of the interactive map at http://maps. According to the Energy Saving Trust a typical home PV system saves around one tonne of CO2 per year. ultimately having a national impact.The address of every property in the city -Weather data . including measures designed to increase the use of solar energy by businesses. This information is combined with data on solar panel performance characteristics and income available through the Government’s feed-in tariff scheme (FIT) to give an indication of the suitability of each property for installation of solar PV or thermal panels. ■
For more information on solar potential mapping contact Blom UK at info. amongst many other data layers.bristol. Following a competitive tender process BCC awarded the solar potential project to Somerset based company Blom UK and their German partner Sun-Area. which simulates each individual building’s relationship with the sun hourly across a year. An estimation of the potential CO2 output reduction for each property is also calculated to inform property owners how installing solar panels can help in the fight against climate change.com.The heights and dimensions of all buildings. Although Bristol City Council will be the first local authority in the UK to launch an online solar potential map. The result of this process is an estimation of direct and indirect solar radiation received annually by every roof in the city. In order to maximise the impact of the project BCC will display the results of the solar potential project on their website via an interactive map. trees and hills. it is hoped that the predicted positive impact of the service will encourage others to follow suit. By providing a quick and easy way of checking a property’s solar potential it is possible to significantly increase interest in solar energy on a local level.
which is critical for fatigue resistance of the blades. Therefore damage would be equivalent to 20 million cycles at maximum load. Marine Current Turbines. For an axial-flow turbine. tidal cycles. A turbine operating at up to 20rpm (or an oscillating foil at 20 cycles per minute) will see
about 200 million cycles in 20yrs of operation. engineers from composite specialist Gurit have com-
design the un-ducted rotor may still prove more cost effective. Hammerfest Strøm. OpenHydro.g. it may be equivalent to being loaded to the maximum working level perhaps 10 percent of the time. Blades typically need to withstand 20-25 years of operation. etc. The relative importance of fatigue depends largely on the turbine type: • Studies have shown that axial flow turbines with carbon fibre/epoxy blades are typically not fatigue-critical. For many materials the allowable fatigue stress is related to the ultimate strength by the factor N(-1/m). Oscillating foil and cross-flow devices give scope for support of the blades at the tip and intermediate points along the span. slender blades as an unducted axial flow turbine to achieve high efficiency. In many cases this determines how much material needs to be used for the construction of the blade. not only allowing shorter blades but also higher tip speeds. that is to say ultimate strength drives the design more than fatigue strength • Ducted flow turbines are even less fatigue critical than un-ducted axial turbines.) • Ducted axial (e. waves and turbulence. this increases the rotational speed (rpm) hence lowers the torque and bending moments for a given power. Ducted turbines allow relatively stronger blade shapes to be used because they don’t need such long. fatigue
blade’s ability to carry the peak shortterm design loads. reducing the effective turbulence intensity • Cross-flow and oscillating foil turbines however are very fatiguedriven. Lunar Energy. Pulse Tidal) • Cross-flow (e.g. we must first look at the choice of material.Design
Operating a 1MW free-stream tidal turbine rotor without the blades failing has become a key issue in tidal turbine development
pared blade design and material selection for the four main tidal turbine types: • Axial (e. the most severe type of fatigue loading To see why this is the case. These devices are typically lower efficiency than axial flow designs so are suited more to shallow water applications where their shape is advantageous in minimising the depth required. that much is obvious. The duct increases the flow speed over the rotor. they also need to withstand the fatigue loads due to rotation. However. so as well as ultimate strength. Typical values based on Germanischer Lloyd (GL) and Det Norske Veritas (DNV) standards give the following knock-down factors for fatigue versus ultimate strength: * Carbon/epoxy: m =14 so allowable fatigue stress = 30 percent of ultimate * Glass/epoxy: m = 10 so allowable fatigue stress = 19 percent of ultimate * Steel (cathodically protected): m = 5 so allowable fatigue stress = 3. Since the fatigue damage is very sensitive to the loading. This is because the full operating load reverses with each cycle. fatigue loads are primarily driven by turbulence and swell: estimates vary according to tidal site but fatigue amplitudes can typically be around 25 percent of the steady-state operational loads. thick blades are easier to make strong enough than long. THAWT.g. the cost of the duct is significant due to its large surface area and it needs to be stiff to minimise clearances on blade tips and bearings.g. because the duct accelerates the mean flow more than the turbulence. Blue Energy) Ultimate strength describes the
ased on a decade’s experience of tidal blade design. OpenHydro).g. Atlantis. where N = number of cycles m = Wohler coefficient (inverse slope of fatigue S/N curve) The higher the value of m. the more fatigue-resistant the material is. Voith Hydro. C-Power) • Oscillating foil (e. Relatively short.5 percent of ultimate Additional safety factors are also applied to the characteristic strengths but they are broadly similar for fatigue and ultimate strength. slender ones. Extreme loads could be (say) 150 percent of operational so if designed for extreme loads. although each support adds cost and drag. Ducted designs also offer the possibility of supporting the blades at both ends (e. so with good blade
Sheffield S9 1XH Tel: +44 (0) 114 281 8888 Unit 8 Bracknell Beeches. from wind. not fatigue critical • Glass/epoxy: 1. Again assuming extreme load is 150 percent of operational load. particularly ducted ones.80 i. hydropower and green buildings. ANSYS products are widely used in the Energy sector.e. reliability and minimising risk are crucial to project success. ■
Simulation Driven Product Development from ANSYS
ANSYS offers the widest range of engineering simulation tools from structural FE and Electromagnetics to CFD and Multiphysics.30/0.00 = 0. need to strengthen by 4.com
Centre picture courtesy of Green Ocean Ltd
.50 x 0.2 times • Glass/epoxy: 1. although expensive per kg. Bracknell RG12 7BW Tel: +44 (0) 870 010 4456
www.50 x 0.28 i.14 i.035/0. Sheffield Business Park. but now fatigue amplitude = 100
percent of working load.e. Old Bracknell Lane West.25 = 0.25 = 1. even in axial flow turbines.e. ANSYS has the answer.e.19/0.00 = 0.e. which swamp any effects of turbulence. Wherever innovation.50 x 0.00 = 0. if sufficient ultimate strength can be obtained within the compact blade sections typically chosen by the hydrodynamicists • Carbon/epoxy composites. oil production.50 x 0. power transmission. which reduces the
advantage they gain by being able to support the blades at both ends • Steel blades need to be massively oversized to withstand fatigue.05 i.21 i.50 x 0. the following fatigue Reserve Factors would apply if the turbine was just strong enough to withstand ultimate load: • Carbon/epoxy: 1.6 times • Steel: 1.8 times Oscillating foil and cross-flow turbines are subjected to very high fatigue loadings due to the full load reversals with each cycle. need to strengthen by 19 times Clearly fatigue strength has implications for the choice of turbine blade materials: • Oscillating foil and cross-flow designs need to be reinforced to withstand fatigue. Steel is impractical in cross-flow or oscillating foil devices • Glass/epoxy composites may be suitable for some axial flow turbines.035/1.gurit. have a large advantage in fatigue-critical designs such as cross-flow turbines. wave and tidal to offshore drilling.ansys.50 x 0.25 = 1.e need to strengthen by 3.30/1.
ANSYS UK Ltd 6 Europa View.load Reserve Factor (greater than 1 implies safety) will be approximately: • Carbon/epoxy: 1.186/1. almost fatigue critical • Steel: 1.45 i. need to strengthen by 2.
The success of EWEA events mirrors the booming wind industry and they are considered“un-missable” for any business serious about its future in the wind energy sector.ewea. continues to serve the wind industry with the most valuable and professionally organised events in Europe. creating exciting opportunities for new and existing businesses.org/events
high quality conference + targeted exhibition + unique networking opportunities = the winning formula
The industry is still growing rapidly. Year after year.EWEA Events: The Winning Formula
www. the European Wind Energy Association. EWEA.
Aberdeen 18-19 May 2011
News from the Austrian Pavilion Aberdeen Exhibition & Conference Centre (AECC) Stands G60. G40.
During the colder months. situated amid over 6. It is hoped that the KWB system will save around 165 tonnes of carbon per year. is used by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office. KWB (Kraft und Wärme aus Biomasse) is another Austrian biomass company enjoying success in the UK. The government building is leading the way in the uptake of carbon lean technology. which offers dormitory accommodation for groups of 10.00 am12. please visit us at the Austrian Pavilion (G60/G40/F50) or join our Renewable Heat Showcase on Wednesday 18 May (11. Now the Austrian company is one of Europe’s leading manufacturers of biomass central heating systems and has a particularly strong reputation as a specialist in pellet fired heating systems. Forests cover approximately 47 percent of Austria’s surface and wood fuel heating has a very long tradition in Austria. Austria has the third highest ratio of installed capacity to population worldwide. will be comfortable whatever the weather thanks to Windhager technology.
We look forward to meeting you! Georg Karabaczek
. Wilton House. which feeds two radiator circuits and a hot water circuit. uses the boiler along with a solar hot water system to provide year round heating. Then there is the unprecedented rise in the biogas sector. for its 85 year history. The site. Managers of the estate saw that installing a biomass boiler would improve the Wilton House’s carbon efficiency and bring the estate’s woodland into economic life as a source of woodchip. The boiler is situated 90m from the main house and is naturally screened by vegetation. Windhager has its UK headquarters in Wiltshire and. Austrian biomass boilers rank amongst the most efficient and user-
Austrian success stories in the UK
Windhager has.000 acres of parkland. a number of European best-practice initiatives have developed in joint ventures between Austrian universities and their partners in
industry. North Wales. If you want to know more about the Austrian “Experience with Renewable Heat”. Dried wood. A Windhager Biowin automatic pellet boiler has been installed at the National Trust’s Mathry base camp in the picturesque coastland area. Around 80 percent of current production is
made for export. solar thermal technologies have also developed into a thriving industry in Austria. Today. The introduction of stringent environmental regulations in the 1980s was a comparatively early catalyst to drive innovative changes in the combustion engineering sector and automatic control techniques. Currently. Since the introduction of Feed-in Tariffs for renewable electricity in 2002 (“Ökostromgesetz”) the number of biogas plants have rapidly increased. is chipped into the store on site. Holidaymakers and conservation groups exploring the beautiful rugged coastline of St David’s Peninsula in Pembrokeshire.30pm) at the All-Energy 2011 Conference. Biogas upgrading and integration into the gas grid was pioneered in Austria as early as 2005. in recent years. been associated with high quality boiler technology. The boiler house has an integrated woodchip store that links to the boiler via a direct auger feed and sweeper. has trained a growing number of certified installers and has been instrumental in raising the awareness of biomass heating systems across the country.
friendly in the world. the boiler provides heating and hot water. Within the last 20 years.Austria
Renewable heat technologies have a long tradition in Austria. Since then. A 150kW biomass boiler manufactured by KWB is providing hot water and heating at a Grade One listed building in West Sussex. transported from the estate’s woods. the heat is distributed via a weather compensating control unit.
a consortium of large-scale agricultural enterprises.
The construction of the first Thöni Naturgas biogas plant has started in the UK. Dr Robert Lackner. The boiler is the Austrian company’s first containerised installation in the UK.5mW peak heat demand and a computerised control system enables the biomass boiler to function as the “lead boiler” providing heating and hot water to the site. the technology means that the water for the sailors’ hot showers will be heated in sustainable fashion. the CEO of Entec Biogas.” Peter Hailes. was signed in March 2011. Suffolk. carried out a new heating installation at Braziers Park. added: “As a large farming group. has completed the site design and will provide process technology for North East England’s first commercial anaerobic digestion (AD) plant. The facility will also feature a pre-treatment hall that will allow all forms of packaged food waste from supermarkets. Buccleuch Enegy has installed a 1500kW biomass boiler at the energy centre of Queen Margaret University. And. the debating chamber of Wales’ National Assembly.000 homes. finally. Solarfocus has. we are very excited about our forthcoming AD development.”
. France. a Grade II listed building that was home to a young Ian Fleming. The campus. “After having successfully realised AD plants for food waste in Japan and Germany. offering an alternative to energy intensive artificial fertilisers.
A number of Austrian companies specialising in solar thermal technology are breaking into the UK market. has a maximum 4. commented: “The realisation of this project is of particular importance as it marks our successful entry into the British market. Wood Energy has also installed a 100kW Hargassner wood pellet boiler to help the Lingfield Park Marriott Hotel meet its renewable energy targets. The contract with customer Agrigen. containing 800 student bedrooms. academic buildings and a student union. will use food waste mixed with organic waste and sustainable energy crops to power a combined heat and power unit or grid injection through biomethane. CEO of Agrigen. Not only will we utilise high availability industrial standard AD technology.5MW.
Entec Biogas. “We see high potential for these types of plants during the next few years in the UK market. local councils and restaurants to be processed. a market that is still
young in terms of biogas technology and one that offers considerable potential for future business development. situated on the Newton Aycliffe industrial estate in County Durham. the UK business development officer for Thöni. on Edinburgh’s new Musselburgh campus. The Emerald Biogas Energy Park. The remaining liquid product is ideal for fertilising crops. Work at the Newton Aycliffe facility is ongoing. food manufacturers.Boiler technology
The Senedd. Meanwhile.” commented Bernhard Schulz. but will use vegetables and energy crops to produce diversified income through green electricity sales and by producing recycled fertiliser. the Austrian expert in biogas technology. sports facilities. The plant will be built on the site of a former military airbase in Rendlesham. There are plans to extend the plant further to reach an output of 2. is heated by a 360kW Binder boiler that was fitted by certified UK installer Wood Energy. TiSun has installed a 24m2 solar thermal system at the Yorkshire Dales Sailing Club. Sonnenkraft has managed solar thermal installations for a social housing project in East London. alongside UK partners Oxford Renewables. The first part of the development will involve the construction of a biogas plant with an output of 500kW. It is estimated that the AD plant will produce enough power for 4.” The image shows an AD plant for food waste in Benet. for which Entec was the general contractor. we are very pleased to start construction on this AD food waste plant.
Mr Ochsner has overseen a great
. Mr Ochsner quite literally wrote the book on heat pumps. in 2007 he published Geothermal Heat
deal of research into the potential environmental benefits. the overall energy saving should make a system environmentally preferable to conventional methods of heating. in terms of reduction of primary energy use and pollution control. it had a heat pump market in 2010 of 17. groundwater or the ground is defined as renewable heat. Mr Ochsner
ccording to Karl Ochsner. he has 30 years experience in the industry as director of his company Ochsner Wärmepumpen. Essentially. Furthermore. He comments: “The situation now is that ambient heat or environmental heat from open air. Austria is setting the exam-
Pumps: A Guide for Planning and Installation and. Although some electricity is required to run a heat pump. the chairman of the European Heat Pump Association
(EHPA).4 million). Heat pumps are a technology that allow us to use these particular sources of renewable energy.” A number of Europe’s most successful and well-established heat pump companies are Austrian and despite the country’s relatively small population (8. However. a heat pump operates like a refrigerator in reverse. of heat pump technology. As chair of the EHPA. in addition to his chairmanship of the EHPA. in terms of the take up of heat pumps.Austria
Heat Pumps: Austrian Experiences
Alistair Welch speaks to the chairman of the European Heat Pump Association Karl Ochsner and learns how Austrian experience is driving the development of the European heat pumps market
believes that Austrian experience and expertise in heat pump technology could allow the country’s companies to be key players in a maturing UK and European market. he suggests that the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) will have a “substantial impact” on the UK market. a coolant gas is used to transfer heat from the ground or ambient heat from the air into a building.700 units. Ochsner sees the success of Austrian companies in the sector as being down to experience: “There were some lead companies 30 years ago in Austria. including the UK. of which my company was one. At that time we were able to generate a number of initiatives and form
ple to other European countries.
It is hoped that the RHI will. If heat pumps are not installed properly. Furthermore. However. ■
. From a European-wide perspective domestic heat pumps are now wellestablished in a number of countries. naturally they will not work as efficiently as they could. such training and education is vital. for example. Mr Ochsner believes
pumps it is always very important that the system and heat source are appropriate. “It requires specific knowledge to design and install heat pump systems. in Austria the figure is 50 percent. “With heat
in Europe annually before 2015.” he says. Mr Ochsner suggests that heat pumps have a role to play in the development of smart grids and smart cities: “We need storage of heat and we need smart grids . Indeed. Germany and Poland.000 for installing a heat pump with a vertical collector in the capital city Vienna. Even in established markets. in Sweden. to a great extent. A number of sample installations have proved that heat pumps are very attractive in such applications. Potential for wider application of the technology lies in systems for larger buildings such as schools. provided proper installation then heat pumps are a genuine source of renewable energy with definite environmental advantages. Even the highest performing heat pump cannot work properly if the source is not right or the flow rate not adequate. encourage heat pump installation in the UK. To say that the technology is not efficient. but installation carried out with the necessary know-how.” The Austrian market benefits from a regional incentive programme that offers subsidies to cover the cost of installing heat pumps .” The goal of the EHPA is to see one million heat pumps installed
that training is a crucial factor in the sector’s ongoing success. offices. If this target is to be met. to the transfer of experience and expertise led by Austrian companies. is a false conclusion. however. 20 years ago the heat pump market was ahead of the solar market. Mr Ochsner responds to these claims by acknowledging that whilst a poorly installed or ill-conceived heat pump may suffer limited efficiency. following the announcement of the RHI in March 2011.heat pumps can buffer a little energy.” For heat pump technology to be adopted significantly in the UK market. similarly.” he continues. “Criticism exists.these can be as high as €7. 79 percent of new homes are equipped with heat pumps. Proper installation does not necessarily mean expensive installation.alliances with policy makers in order to promote heat pumps. it will be due. hospitals and museums. “but everyone needs to look a little deeper. critics of the technology have argued that heat pumps do not perform efficiently enough to legitimately be considered “renewable energy”. such as Austria.”
The EHPA runs a successful training programme for heat pump installers across Europe.
“We found that it is absolutely necessary to speak with one voice because we have basic work to do in a number of sectors . the Federal Association for
Renewable Energy Austria (FAREA). In many cases the information about new forms of energy supply is not far developed. Small Hydropower Austria. is Austria’s first national umbrella organisation advocating renewable energy and renewable FAREA’s founding bodies are the eight existing representative organisations of Austria’s renewables industry and include IG Wind Power. Nevertheless. but a reduction in energy consumption due to the financial downturn rather than an increase in renewable provisions means that this is. are important. we ought to reach 50 percent renewable provision within a relatively short period. this rose in 2010.” ■
heat. biomass and renewable heat. are somewhat underrepresented.” Mr Plank’s own background is in regional politics having served a number of years in Austrian provincial government where he had particular responsibility for agricultural and environmental affairs. solar power. and Pellets Per Austria. “We are no longer on different sides. Austria Solar. the president of the newly formed Federal Association for Renewable Energy Austria. offers a cross-sector perspective on Austrian renewables
power. president of FAREA. The goal of the body is to promote Austria’s traditional areas of strength whilst developing other renewable sectors in order to create a balanced profile across renewable energy and renewable heat. We need to go into schools and engage in discussions with the media. The members claim to account for 70 percent of domestic consumption of electricity and 30 percent of heat energy.
each other with a view to a stable and sustainable energy supply.Austria
Advocates for Austria
Josef Plank. we want an efficient networking organisation made up of the various branch groups who are already working in their own areas. such as hydro-
.” he adds. the Austrian Biomass Association. Austria’s traditional areas of strength. but we are also discussing renewable fuels and energy efficiency in production and consumption. or Erneuerbare Energie Österreich
in German. In 2007 the proportion was 23 percent. but will complement
education is a key aspect of FAREA’s remit. explains that whilst certain sectors of Austria’s renewables industry are well-established. Fundamentally. including wind and photovoltaics. His political experience has allowed him to appreciate the significance and sensitivity of offering collective representation for individual interest groups. “We are discussing all kinds of renewable energy. to an extent. others. photovoltaics and biomass. Mr Plank continues: “We need to strengthen our work in order to achieve the 2020 goals. such as renewable heat and biomass. Mr Plank explains: “There is not enough information about the growth of wind power. Austria’s Energy.” The EU’s 2020 target for Austria is 34 percent of total energy consumption to be supplied by renewable means. Raising the profile of Austria’s renewable energy provision through
ounded in February 2011 after a year of discus-
sion and negotiation. ARGE Compost and Biogas. “Individual technologies are not in competition. Photovoltaic Austria. Josef Plank. a false statistic. we are trying to grow in one direction into the future.” says Mr Plank.both politically and in terms of society.
geothermal and natural oil and gas burners. 6430 Oetztal-Bahnhof.apl-apparatebau. Today the product range encompasses pellet. designed for the communal waste water treatment sector and for industries producing high quantities of sludge. Austria +43/ 5335/ 2256 +43/ 5335/ 2017 info@apl-apparatebau. 4 Glenmore Business Park. Top quality and impressive technology characterise EPS products.at www.kalogeo. Great depth of production together with modern equipment enables orders to be executed with great flexibility. Austria
ADDRESS PHONE FAX
+43/ 5573/ 853 79
+43/ 5573/ 853 79-99 email@example.com www. KWB has focused its business for years on the use of renewable and efficient sources of energy. A further specialisation is the customer specific solar cells .Heat exchangers
STAND G60-1 APL APPARATEBAU GMBH
Gewerbestrasse 14. SN14 6BB PHONE E-MAIL
Entec biogas supplies know-how and services for anaerobic digestion plants for digestion of organic waste (food waste). Olymp has excelled on account of its highly competent heating systems.com www.thoeni.
STAND G40-1 WINDHAGER ZENTRALHEIZUNG GMBH
ADDRESS Windhager UK. 6410 Telfs. Austria PHONE FAX
+43/ 5578/ 79 46-0
+43/ 5578/ 79 46-800 office@entec-biogas. 6912 Hoerbranz.at www.
+43/ 3115/ 61 16-0
+43/ 3115/ 61 16-4 office@kwb. Kalogeo is also a process for sludge exploitation. 6361 Hopfgarten.uk
STAND G60-2 OLYMP WERK GMBH Olympstrasse 10. Austria PHONE FAX
APL Apparatebau is a leading producer of one-off manufactured tube heat exchangers and pressure vessels for chemical.windhager.at
STAND F50 EPS SOLTEC SOLARTECHNIK GMBH Lochauer Strasse 2.co. Vincients Road. Chippenham. wood. Wiltshire. Austria
ADDRESS PHONE FAX
KALOGEO Anlagenbau is an engineering company specialising in the decentralised treatment of waste water and sewage sludge. petrochemical and refinery plants.entec-biogas. all of which carry the quality label “Made in Austria”.
+44/ 1249/ 44 66 16 www. heat and energy and refrigeration technology. woodchip or log-wood also opens up possibilities for achieving considerable savings. The product range is continuously being enlarged and now includes innovative solutions for all forms of energy such as solar. pellets. Austria
ADDRESS PHONE FAX
STAND G60-3 THÖNI INDUSTRIEBETRIEBE GMBH
ADDRESS Obermarktstrasse 48.com
sector. construction up to the commissioning and the aftersales service. EPS Soltec is a world market leader in the solar small modules
+43/ 5266/ 8910
+43/ 5266/ 8910 825 firstname.lastname@example.org.
For over 50 years.cut to the highest technical level by wafer saw.
STAND G40-2 KWB GMBH
ADDRESS Industriestrasse 235.co.uk
oli@windhager. industrial and municipal sludge and wastewater. We offer turnkey systems beginning with the project development through conception.at www.at www.kwb. The group is experienced in the design and construction of more than 40 large-scale biogas plants worldwide.Margarethen an der Raab. A successful market entry in the UK could be realised by receiving the order for the food waste AD-plant for Emerald Biogas.
+43/ 2256/ 63650 0
+43/ 2256/ 63650 4 office@kalogeo. What started as a small metalworking shop in 1921 is now one of the biggest and most important companies in the industry and one of the leading manufacturers of biomass central heating systems in Europe. and special applications. 8321 St.
EPS Soltec specialises in customer-oriented PV solutions and innovative LED lighting solutions (street and pathway lighting). Thöni has been involved in developing innovative technologies and modern engineering systems for treating waste and generating biogas from organic waste and energy crops. 6972 Fussach. 2544 Leobersdorf. Austria
ADDRESS PHONE FAX
With its fully automatic biomass heating systems.com www.com
For 90 years the name Windhager Central Heating has been inseparably linked with boiler technology of the highest quality.com
STAND F50 ENTEC BIOGAS GMBH Schilfweg 1. In recent years Windhager has above all established a reputation as a specialist for pellet-fired heating systems.eps-soltec.at
STAND G60-4 KALOGEO ANLAGENBAU GMBH Aredstrasse 13. agricultural. woodchip and log-wood boilers as well as individual extraction and storage systems for every spatial situation. Bumpers Farm.at
+43/ 5262/ 69 03-503
+43/ 5262/ 69 03-510 umwelt@thoeni. Heating with pellets.
18 May (11:00am . 34.12:30pm Room 18-20
At present.Renewable Heat .
• Opening remarks by Chair
GEORG KARABACZEK. “Austria . All-Energy Conference. 18 May 11:00am .8 percent of final heat demand in Austria is supplied by renewable energy sources. UPPER AUSTRIA ENERGY AGENCY
• Heat from Biomass: Lessons learnt in Austria
MARTIN SEIFRIED. AUSTRIAN TRADE COMMISSIONER
• Solar Thermal Energy: Experiences from Upper Austria
REGINA AUFREITER.Experiences from Austria
Wednesday. on Wednesday. G40.Experiences with Renewable Heat”. Austrian environmental technologies are leading the way in innovation and reliability and have been successfully implemented in the UK and all over the world. Room 18-20) to hear a series of presentations from respected figures from the Austrian renewable heat scene and to quiz them on their experience with different technology applications.
We would like to invite you to join our showcase. G60) to chat and meet over a glass of Austria wine!
• Q&A and discussion
Please also join us the same day at 4:30pm on the Austrian Pavilion (F50. KWB
• Biogas as a renewable heat source in Austria
to lower valuations resulting from the higher demand for funding.00 on 18 May) will discuss the key funding. Director. whilst independents must operate really efficiently to remain solvent. Chairman.00 on 18 May) will consider what the Government has done since the Coalition came to power. Pöyry Management Consulting. ScottishPower Renewables with speakers including Charles Hendry MP. Innovations at the Carbon Trust. KPMG Europe. Delivery of the UK’s Offshore Wind Programme will highlight the drivers behind Siemens’ investment in
. and other talks will include How ECGD can Help UK Exporters plus an Overview of the International Trade Potential of UK Renewable Energy Technologies and Services. Finance is available for wellstructured projects and class leading companies.00 on 19 May) Adrian Scholtz. panellists including Martin McAdam. Director of Corporate Finance and European Head of Renewables. Lead Technologist for Offshore Renewables. In their session ‘Bankable Projects: Regs.Events
Make a date with the UK’s largest renewable energy event taking place in Aberdeen on 18-19 May in Aberdeen . SEGEC. Parsons Brinckerhoff. GreenPower. Aquamarine Power. Nick Wood. The session (14. However there are many challenges. Two sessions on Day 2 give additional insights into renewable energy funding. ScottishPower Renewables. Managing Director. ranging from the regulatory uncertainty presented by EMR. Low carbon technologies present a huge opportunity for new
sions dealing with every source of renewable energy. Benj Sykes. Thereafter it breaks into seven parallel streams covering the complete spectrum of the renewables industry . In ‘Industry Perspectives on Financing’ (09. and Electricity Market Review amongst other topics).a strong focus this year will be sessions looking at aspects of finance and funding. Director. Risks and Returns” the Scottish European Green Energy Centre (SEGEC) has brought together key European and Scottish panellists to explore the landscape between current delivery in Scotland and ambitions in Europe. Chairman of RenewableUK and Regulation and Markets Director.How to make sure we are successful’. OSBIT Power. to improve the Green Economy (covering The Green Bank. Dr Tony Trapp. As Adrian Scholtz explains: “It is estimated that £200billion of funding for low carbon technology is required to achieve the UK’s 2020 targets. All-Energy 2011 makes a fascinating one-stop-shop for all interested in every aspect of The conference opens with a ple-
nary session chaired by Andrew Jamieson. chairs a panel of experts: Richard Slark. TSB will explore that concept. and Rob Saunders. regulatory and legislative issues and the major risks involved in identifying and achieving successful ‘bankable projects’ at the demonstration stage and moving to full-scale deployment. Director. Minister of state. In a session chaired by Duncan Botting. CEO. Sir Ian Wood. Business Innovation and Growth Director Power. and Duncan Botting.ENERGY ENGINEERING magazine will also be there on stand P120
the sector. Wood Group. Executive Chair. No-one is immune from the status quo. and Rob Forrest. DECC. Industry and Utilities. UK Trade and Investment’s ‘Growing the Green Economy’ session (11. Regulation
and Markets Director. Chief Executive. as our panel of speakers will demonstrate: the utilities need to ration and recycle capital.
ith well over 530 exhibitors from 20 countries and conference ses-
the UK and where the supply chain opportunities for UK companies are in achieving Siemens’ ambitions (this is a presentation by the Global Sourcing Manager of Siemens Global Wind Power).” The final session with a finance/funding bias is ‘Support for renewable energy in a world of constrained funding . Andrew Jamieson. Deloitte LLP.
economic growth . academic studies point to the importance of RD&D spend (“learning by research”) in the early stages of technology development. ■
www. and Technical Tours are free to attend for all with a professional/business interest in renewable energy. having a far larger
impact per pound spent than “learning by doing.How to make sure we are successful’ session. Research undertaken by UKERC shows that innovation makes economic sense . and discussing them with the audience.all-energy.uk
������ ��� ��� ������������ ������������� ������������� ���� ���� ����� � ������������������������������������������������������������������������� � ������� ���� �������������� ��� ������������ ���� ���� ��������� ���������� � ������� ���� ���� ���� ���� ������������ ���� �������� ������ ���������� � �������� ������������� ������� ���� ������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������ � ����������������������������������� ������������������������������������ ������������������������������������ ����������������������� ������������������������������������ �
� ��������������� ����������������
.co.their “low innovation” scenario for the UK shows a total cost that is hundreds of billions of pounds greater than in a “high innovation” scenario to create a low carbon energy system over the next forty years. associated Careers Fair.uk
Further information on all aspects of AllEnergy 2011.” The UK has to get this right .all-energy. The two-day show. the eleventh in the annual series. But we know very little about which approaches to innovation work best. how do we encourage and support innovation most effectively? How do we leverage private sector spending.there is little doubt that innovation lies at the heart of accelerating the development and commercialisation of these pioneer industries and driving down costs. Moreover. the Giant Networking Evening. when public funding becomes ever more
constrained? The panel members will be airing their own views in the ‘Support for renewable energy in a world of constrained funding .we will be among the earliest deployers of many of these technologies. and hence the one to bear the high costs of early deployment. It is now more important than ever for the UK to continue to focus on innovation and capture the economic prize offered by the transition to a low carbon global economy.co. and free online registration is at www.
jcegroup.�a�division�of�the�JCE�� Group.�solar�power�and�other��������������������� renewable�energy�sources.Controlling the Renewable Energy Industry
.�specialise�in�the�design.�AB21�0PS� Tel:+44�(0)1224�798600�� Email:�info@jceenergy.�Blackburn�Business��Park.�installation�and������������������ maintenance�of�control�systems��������������� for�use�with�tidal.� �
Our�products�include�the�Zone������������������������������������ 1�&�2�Solar�Power�Pods�for�use����������������������������� in�remote�hazardous�locations.������������ manufacture.�Aberdeen.com.jceenergy.����������������� wind.com� Web:�www.��
�� �� �� �� �� �� �� �� ��
Sensor�Monitoring� Cathodic�Protection�Control� Instrumentation�Systems�� Video�Monitoring� Bird�Scaring�Solutions� Telecommunication�Systems� Valve�Monitoring�&�Control� Satellite�comm�Systems�� Solar/Wind�Hybrid�
This. even for applications that are exposed to severe vibration and dynamic loads. USA. Investment AB Latour. from the anchor bolts on the tower to the joints keeping the different sections of the tower secured and numerous applications within the turbine itself. The Nord-Lock Group is experienced in providing bolt securing solutions. means substantially reduced overall maintenance costs and production downtime as well as a reduction to the human risks associated with conducting this type of maintenance. we help companies in the most demanding industries to optimise their bolted joints. Our fast-growing sales organisation consists of subsidiaries in Europe. making it superior to traditional methods.Profile
Safe and sound
The latest from a company that provides bolt securing systems for the most critical bolted joints
ince 1982. Any attempt from the bolt/nut to turn loose will be stopped by the wedge-locking effect of the washers. as well as bolted joints connecting the main shaft to the hub and the blades to the bearing. allowing movement only across the face of the cams. By allowing Nord-Lock to analyse and optimise your bolted connection you will increase the profitability and productivity of your company by reducing the life cycle cost of your joints. you can actually increase the output from your turbine. Nord-Lock’s wedge-locking method uses tension instead of friction to secure bolted joints. The washers are locked in place. A number of these joints can be found within wind tur-
bines. The Nord-Lock principle incorporates a pair of washers that have cams on one side with a rise “(“ greater than the pitch “(“ of the bolt. When you choose Nord-Lock you do not only choose a manufacturer and a supplier.com
bolted joints. With the Nord-Lock bolt securing system. yaw bearings and bolts on the nacelle frame. cam face to cam face. Safely secured bolted joints mean you are able to reduce the frequency of bolted joint maintenance inspections. the teeth grip and seat
. In addition. Our team of engineers meet clients all over the world. When the bolt/nut is tightened. By providing customers with specific tests and performance services. in turn. Asia and the Pacific. you also choose an expert in bolted joints as your partner. The washers come pre-assembled in pairs. The most critical of these include front and rear main bearings. ■
www. The Nord-Lock Group is part of a large Swedish listed investment company. the Nord-Lock bolt securing system has been used to safely secure the world’s most critical the mating surfaces. working with long term developments of industrial companies. there are radial teeth on the opposing sides. We also work closely with a worldwide network of carefully selected distributors. working together to solve bolt securing problems in the most demanding applications.nord-lock.
means less exposure to the risks typically resulting in personal injuries or even fatalities. even if exposed to extreme vibrations. Nord-Lock has been using geometry to safely secure bolted joints in critical applications world wide. Once tightened.
NORD-LOCK Ltd. Less maintenance.co.uk • Website: www.com
.it also leads to less downtime and reduced maintenance interval. in turn.nord-lock. the Nord-Lock wedge lock washers will not allow the fasteners to loosen by themselves. within the wind industry.Securing wind power
The bolted connections in wind turbines are amongst the most demanding ones in the world. Since 1982. For wind turbine applications this not only means the possibility of increasing your capacity in terms of power output . Tel: +44 (0) 1980 847129 • Fax: +44 (0) 1980 847674 Email: enquiries@nord-lock.
AD is also a vital solution to the UK’s waste problem. To receive 50 percent off entry to the trade show please pre-register with this code: GEN3519. The subsidy level means that AD is now financially viable. This could be considered a mixed blessing as it allowed us the freedom to ignore biogas as a source of energy. Now that landfill sites are being phased out the UK needs to find alternative mechanisms for dealing with its waste.000 plants now operating gate fees will have to be paid to AD are over industry is gearing up . A number of factors have fundamentally changed the economics for anaerobic digestion including the introduction of the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI). mostly farm-based using plants but it is Agreement to achieve a “huge that’s helping to develop the sector possible that these too
increase in energy from waste maize as an energy crop. the need for anaerobic digestion plants extends beyond helping to meet our climate change targets. AD has not taken off in the same way as it has in Germany. in order to meet Government renewable energy and greenhouse gas targets. Anaerobic digestion has been used in Britain for 100 years and there are over 550 plants operating in the water sector. Admittedly
through anaerobic digestion”. If you currently provide a service or product that could be used in the AD industry then this is the time to develop your business in anaerobic digestion and biogas. In comparison over the past few decades the UK has been blessed with cheap North Sea gas. a need for biogas has evolved. from energy distribution networks to engineering and pump manufacturers. In order to comply with the EU Waste Directive the UK has committed to substantial reductions in waste sent to landfill. One of the explanations for this boost in the AD industry is the recent change in economics. This is based purely on predictions for the UK feedstock market. almost 1. of which large proportions are produced by the agricultural and the food waste or food processing waste sectors. AD is a source of renewable fertiliser. AD is not a new technology. Turning food waste from a cost into an asset will have value throughout the world. To register or find out more. Please note this does not include entry to the conference. The cost of build-
ing this number of plants is estimated to be between £2 and £5billion depending on the technology used. please visit www. which is astonishing considering the sudden and recent surge in interest.uk ■
avoiding the landfill tax. This is simply
. That is more than two anaerobic digestion (AD) plants a week. Furthermore it is conceivable that in the near future the economics of AD and biogas production will mean that it will be cheaper to generate biogas than to import natural gas. high profile speakers and workshops. There
Scotland’sinrenewable energy 6. It will provide a wealth of opportunities for business development both in the UK and overseas. However. The UK produces over 100million tonnes of organic waste. Furthermore. AD as an industry will affect a wide range of sectors from agriculture to food packaging. the only trade show in the UK dedicated exclusively to anaerobic digestion and biogas.000 AD plants of various sizes will need to be built in the UK over the next 10 years.000 people should be of huge interest to the engineering sector
ast year. Food is a major component of residual waste and has major cost implications for councils. which makes gas to grid injection an attractive proposition. Ensure you do not miss out by booking your place at the ultimate AD marketplace today. which will become of ever-greater significance as oil prices continue to rise and the farming sector looks to reduce the carbon impact of artificial fertilisers.we report on one set a priority the Coalition group in Germany.co.adbiogas. As the UK has moved from an exporter of gas to a country looking to import over 70 percent of its gas over the next 10 years. Separating food waste at the kerbside results in a vast reduction in these costs simply by will be reduced as more and more AD plants come into the market. particularly for companies entering the marketplace now. ADBA’s trade show ‘UK AD & Biogas 2011’ takes place on 6-7 July at the NEC Birmingham This two-day exhibition and conference includes over 130 exhibitors. the Government due to differences in economics.Anaerobic digestion
Going for growth Close collaboration
The advent of a whole new industry that could employ as many as 35. The Anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Association (ADBA) has calculated that. Despite this. The easiest way to gauge the value of AD and understand the opportunities it could offer your business is by visiting UK AD & Biogas 2011.
����������������������� � �������������������������������� ����������������������������
��������� ������������� ����������������
✔�������������������� ✔������������������� ✔�� �������������� � �����������
��������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������
Demonstrate your professionalism and join us today
. the Energy Institute is open to anyone working in energy. offering learning and networking opportunities to support your professional development. Chartered Environmentalist and Chartered Energy Manager.Energise Your Career
The Energy Institute is the leading membership body for the energy industry. Chartered Scientist. Incorporated Engineer.energyinst. Engineering Technician. Providing registration for Chartered Engineer.
However. due to a significant skills shortage of people coming from a renewables background. and blade technicians. from the industry or healthcare sectors to the energy sector and vice Botten herself has worked there
since 2010.” says Botten. including project managers. both offshore and onshore.”
position at Siemens could. offshore installation managers. power electronics engineers. specialist offshore lifting supervisors.g. to name but a few. recruiting for this sector can be “quite a challenge”. She now oversees the recruitment process from beginning to end for
. it seems. “We recruit for many different roles and all levels. health and safety managers. running advertising campaigns. The flexible approach to careers means that staff are able to move between different sectors of the business e. managing applications and conducting interviews through to job offers. Her role embraces agreeing sourcing strategies with hiring managers. the group places a great deal of importance upon personal development.Employment
versa. lead you anywhere. commissioning technicians. commercial project managers. project controllers. “The construction department within the division has seen a significant amount of growth with a plan to recruit around 180 technicians in this financial year alone. The company can offer a wide range
of opportunities and. says Recruiter Anna Botten. which is part of Siemens Energy sector in the UK. Positions are usually advertised in industry specific publications and standard job boards. sales and business development managers. moving to Siemens after having held a similar role with Babcock International Group. alongside direct recruitment and sourcing. although this may alter depending on the role itself. site managers.
Theone Wilson interviews Anna Botten of Siemens to find out what they are looking for in their staff
Siemens Wind Power. who will work onsite installing Siemens wind turbines. The department includes installation technicians.
there is currently a big drive to recruit HSE coordinators and HSE officers. across Projects.” says Botten. Those looking at the Renewables sector could find themselves working on projects in the Siemens Wind Power portfolio. candidates will receive a verbal offer. where they will undergo various training courses including working at heights.
Siemens as an organisation invests heavily in its people through training and development.com
Health and Safety is an absolute priority for Siemens Wind Power. In terms of the application process. which is recognised externally throughout the project management profession. HSE and offshore survival. “It’s a great organisation to join and there is a real sense of excitement about the growth we will see over the medium to long term future. Sales and Commecial and HSE. given this focus. all applications are initially submitted through the online careers page (www. including offshore on installation vessels. The graduate programme is two years in duration and the new starters are exposed to different departments within Siemens Wind Power. with an equally large onshore business.uk/careers). whilst others will be required to attend assessment centres.for example wind power service technicians will spend a period of six weeks at Siemens’ wind power training facility in Newcastle. multi disciplined engineering and construction projects. It is really a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity.energy. Overall. developing their knowledge of the Siemens product portfolio as well as establishing relationships with Danish colleagues. and another centre of competence at Sheffield University for generators. “delivered through our policy of Zero Harm”. The recruiter then reviews applications. Not surprisingly.according to Botten.” Botten says. Ideally candidates will have experience of working on large-scale. Siemens Wind Power is able to offer significant career progression and development opportunities for those wanting to invest in a long-term career. PM@Siemens.
. There are also opportunities within the graduate scheme at Siemens Wind Power. “The Renewable Energy Sector is going to experience such a rapid growth rate over the coming years. If successful.siemens. Denmark and the majority of new starters will spend a significant amount of time there.Employment
Siemens Wind Power is also investing heavily in research and development. says Botten. which will be taking on around 12 graduates in this financial year.” ■
www.siemens. Siemens is currently recruiting for development engineers for software. such as Gwynt-y-Môr. Siemens Wind Power is headquartered in Brande. The group’s Transmission & Distribution business has an R&D facility at Manchester for grid connections. Siemens Wind Power is excellently positioned to capitalise on this growth as the leading offshore wind power player in the UK. competency based interviews. Specific training requirements are dependant on the role . who conduct inductions for all new starters joining Siemens Wind Power. followed by a written offer of employment and contract. The group also has designated onboarding coordinators. Surrey and the company has onshore and offshore sites across the UK. with the right qualifications and relevant experience in relation to the job specification. Siemens UK headquarters are in Frimley. Some of these positions will be office based and some will be working on site. London Array and Walney Wind Farms. The group has R&D Centres of Competence at Keele University for power converters. modelling and power electronics as well as generator structural design engineers and bearings engineers. says Botten. shortlists and conducts both telephone and face-to-face. “We look for CVs and applications that are laid out clearly and
concisely. The company also offers the chance to gain professional qualifications such as its project management qualification. however this requirement may change dependant on the vacancy. some candidates will undergo online tests.co. Depending on the role. The specific engineering disciplines that Siemens recruits for at its R&D centres are a real recruitment challenge .
Glasgow.co. Glasgow.co. Bath Quality Assurance Consultant. Glasgow. Various Office Locations Senior Quality Assurance Consultant. established in 1994. Romsey Wind Turbine Contract Consultant. Romsey Senior CDM Coordinator. Glasgow. Bath.uk
waves of opportunity
PMSS is an independent renewable energy consultancy. the company now has openings for the following:
Project Manager .pmss. whose lists of clients. Working for PMSS offers the opportunity to work with a range of globally recognised customers on some of the most exciting projects in the Renewable Energy sector. retaining and investing in our employees can we grow and meet the needs of our customers and the challenges of our sector. Based at various locations. Glasgow Operations & Asset Manager. Bath. Romsey. Various Office Locations QHSE Consultant. At PMSS we recognise that people are our business and only through developing. Romsey. Glasgow Project Manager. Bath.Cables. consultants and projects can all be said to be genuinely world class. Glasgow Senior Project Assurance Consultant.Asset Management. Romsey Environmental Consultant. Romsey. Bath. Bath. Romsey Electrical Engineer.uk Further information can be found on our website
. Romsey Senior Consultant . Romsey.www. Bath. Romsey
Interested candidates should send their CV and a covering letter detailing which role they are interested in to jobs@pmss.
The photovoltaics are protected by tough glass. we can still make significant improvements”. comments: “While renewables are very important. “Eden is less than ten years old so our infrastructure is reasonably new but like other businesses and homes. known as SolaRoad. The project.98
They continue work that has seen Eden reduce its consumption of electricity by 6. the most critical tool in the box is a focused commitment to reducing consumption. or household use.
. many of which could be replicated in homes.
The Netherlands is developing a project to put solar panels on its cycle paths. is the brainchild of the TNO research institute along with the Province of North Holland. The electricity will then be used for street lighting.edenproject. A new Building Management System will be installed which will integrate the temperature controls in the Biomes with related systems on the rest of the Eden site. which allows cyclists to travel over them. Eden’s Energy Manager.com
he Eden Project in Cornwall has unveiled a raft of new efficiency measures designed to cut its CO2 emissions by a
quarter during the next two years. The cycle path is made from thick concrete blocks covered with a 1cm thick layer of silicon solar cells.5 percent and gas intensity by 20 percent since 2008. saving in the region of 51 tonnes of CO2 a year. Approximately 746 new LED lights have also been installed across the
Eden Project. These reductions will be made
through a series of upgrades to Eden’s technical systems. Matt Hastings. the Ooms Avenhorn Group and Imtech.
www.tno. The new system is like a giant TV remote control allowing for very tight control of heat and electricity consumption. SolaRoad is expected to generate 50 kWh per square meter per year. near Amsterdam. It will be con-
structed in the town of Krommenie. traffic systems.
including equipment protection. keep-clean characteristics and oil life.000 wind turbine gearboxes worldwide. Mobilgear and the Pegasus Design are trademarks of Exxon Mobil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries.We can take wind turbines to new heights.
. Just a few of the reasons we don’t simply make things run. it’s trusted by builders. Mobil.
©2011 Exxon Mobil Corporation. Each one is formulated to offer outstanding all-around performance. Used in more than 30. Take Mobilgear SHC XMP.mobilindustrial.
Keep maintenance costs down and send productivity soaring with the complete range of Mobil SHC synthetic lubricants and greases.com. To ﬁnd out more visit www. We make them ﬂy. Mobil SHC. proven in the ﬁeld and supported by exceptional application expertise.
30th June 2011.29th . Liverpool