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TI ADC 2012
TI
ADC 2012

PROJECT REPORT

TI ADC 2012 PROJECT REPORT Smart Solar Street light Team Member M.Aravind T.A . Venkatesh babu

Smart Solar Street light

Team Member

M.Aravind T.A . Venkatesh babu G.Ravichandran III Yr - ECE Kamaraj college of Engineering & Technology , Virudhunagar -624001

Guide : G.Srinivasan AP/Cse

Team Details :

Name of The College : Kamaraj Colllege of Engineering & Technology S.G.P.C NAGAR – VIRUDHUNAGAR

Name of the Students:

1M.Aravind <emailid> mobile

2

3

Name of the Guide : G.Srinivasan AP/Cse

mobile :9444697637 mentor :

Project Title :

Smart Solar Street light

FILL UP ALL THE STUDENT DETAIL

Align every thing Give additional input as when necessary from our paper also Kindly go thro TI COM for registration and other info Kindly send me a copy for Hard copy submission

Abstract file is send separately

PROJECT OVERVIEW

The overview of the above project is to develop a smart solar

street light system using renewable energy (Solar) with smart system

. India is a

tropical country with solar radiation for almost 360 days

using renewable reduce

the power consumption largely. Thus it reduce green house gas (CO2) emitted

during power generation .

The number of street light even in town like

virudhunagar

is around 3000 in Nos . These lights are energy inefficient & most of

the light are burning even in broad day light as the street light are operated manually with no automation . The maintenance & electricity bill amounts large around fifty lakhs per year . With increased load shedding & increased tariff the cost

are spiraling. In order to reduce bill & frequent outage due to power cut The Best solution envisaged is to install solar powered LED street light system in phased manner. With remote monitoring along with a smart system. This Smart system are

capable of reducing the

brightness to various level

accordingly . Using renewable

energy for lighting mitigate the power outage due load shedding. The smart system capable of measuring the Luminous intensity and adjust the Brightness level . Normally the people movement is lesser at night hour , the smart system reduces the Lumen level to 50 -75 % . In early morning the Brightness further reduce to 50% . In case of People Movement detection using Passive Infrared ray (PIR Sensors)in lean hours the brightness level increased to 100% for detected duration . The system also incorporates a Tran receiver to communicate to central office node with various detail like light condition, battery condition etc.

The central office we can also find all the Light system details & condition thus easy for monitoring . The light system can also be remotely controlled from central

office.

The earlier model consist of only remote control and dawn to dusk

controller . The smart system run on solar power does not depend on utility services . The Smart solar street light system helps to reduce the green house gas ,ecofriendly and cost effective in the long run .

.

SMART STREET LIGHT BLOCK DIAGRAM

TRANSRECEIVER SMART MICRO LED DRIVER HBLED SENSOR CONTROLLER LIGHT MOTION AMBIENT TIMER CONSTANT BATTERY SOLAR CHARGING
TRANSRECEIVER
SMART
MICRO
LED DRIVER
HBLED
SENSOR
CONTROLLER
LIGHT
MOTION
AMBIENT
TIMER
CONSTANT
BATTERY
SOLAR
CHARGING
BANKS
PANEL
CIRCUIT
ARRAY
(Charge
Controllers)

Components :

Solar panels are one of the basic components of a photovoltaic system. While many semiconductors exhibit some limited photovoltaic effects, in nature the electrons are emitted into the environment and lost. A solar cell is necessary to harness the electron emissions and focus them into a usable current Batteries are helping to save power and the environment without taking away or having to sacrifice modern technological conveniences. Several of these batteries are known as “Deep-Cycle batteries.” These types of batteries are a lead-acid battery design that is regularly discharged using most of it’s retention. The lower amps mean that the batter has to be substantially bigger because of the way it operates in providing a slow yet constant flow of energy to the application it’s powering. Deep-cycle batteries also work in what is called ‘cycles’ providing a power charge during each cycle. charge controllers are regulators; which determines the rate at which electric currents are added drawn from electric batteries. Basically this just means

that the charge controller determines how much power the battery receives so that no electricity is lost or wasted. By controlling the charge that the batteries receive

the product then becomes much safer from users. It also ensures that the batter sees a long life span and provides sufficient power to the user.

LED Driver : Driver circuit for

LED lighting . Since we use LED LIGHTs there

is no need for inverter DC- AC Conversion Supply from Battery

..

We can use DC- DC driver Get

LED Light had matured a lot the lumen output per watt increased considerably . LED light had a life Hours 100000 Hour around 25 years . LED can switched On/OFF At instant with out any limitation

Microcontroller (µC) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit consisting of a relatively simple CPU combined with support functions such as a crystal oscillator, timers, watchdog, serial and analog I/O etc. Program memory in the form of NOR flash or OTP ROM is also often included on chip, as well as a, typically small, read/write memory.

Microcontrollers are designed for small applications. Thus, in contrast to the microprocessors used in personal computers and other high-performance applications, simplicity is emphasized. They will generally have the ability to retain functionality while waiting for an event such as a button press or other interrupt; power consumption while sleeping (CPU clock and most peripherals off) may be just nanowatts, making many of them well suited for long lasting battery applications.

Microcontrollers are used in automatically controlled products and devices. By reducing the size and cost compared to a design that uses a separate microprocessor, memory, and input/output devices, microcontrollers make it economical to digitally control even more devices and processes

Sensors :

Photovoltaic PV Sensor

Automatically adjusts the LED light output in response to ambient light levels. The LED output to ambient light level matrix is fully programmable.

Automatic LED Temperature Control

Will automatically reduce if the PN junction exceeds the set operating temperature.

PIR Movement Sensors

Used to trigger a single light or a group of lights in common or

multiple areas. Ideal for storage facilities. Wirelessly controlled no need for cabling between lights.

Lighting Schedules

A range of scheduler can be programmed ,various power saving modes. Schedule

24/7 on/off dimming etc.

Radio Control

Full remote control of all parameters is possible from a control PC via a radio interface. No need for cables or access equipment.

Advanced Control

Include fault reporting, dimming from any output power, ramping power timer and system diagnostics, alarms, history, ramping from 0 seconds—2 hours, admin, etc.

Dimming facility

The time when the traffic is heavy, we may use brighter light fittings while and at the time of less traffic flow we may use dimmer by programme. Reduction of wastage by street lighting control system In street light control system the switching ‘ON’ and ‘OFF’ of a street light is controlled automatically. The system should be designed to automatically switch ‘ON’ at dusk, operated throughout the night and automatically switch ‘OFF’ at dawn,. For these purpose we use a sensor which is known as light sensor.

MASTER NODE

Sensors : Photovoltaic PV Sensor Automatically adjusts the LED light output in response to ambient light
TRANSRECEIVER MICRO CONTROLLER
TRANSRECEIVER
MICRO
CONTROLLER
Sensors : Photovoltaic PV Sensor Automatically adjusts the LED light output in response to ambient light
Sensors : Photovoltaic PV Sensor Automatically adjusts the LED light output in response to ambient light
SERVER GIS APLICATION
SERVER
GIS
APLICATION

Working Principle

Solar panel charges the Battery throough Charge controller during daytime . The Battery will provide power to LED Lights controlled by LED Driver . Led Driver get the Input from Microcontroller output . The Microcontroller are programmed in such a way that output depends on various sensors like PIR sensors , ambient sensors (LDR) , Timer . The Light parameter can be got through the transreceiver By polling . This data are stored in database & also to find the Light sataus , battery condition on real time . By using GIS application , The operator can easily have the visual picture to take proper action as required . The above system eliminates the manual Turn ON/OFF . Fault finding is easier . Cost effective , Eco friendly stand alone system .

Benefits of solar street light

• No fuel • No noise and pollution • Minimum maintenance is required • Automatically operated • No technicians are required • No wiring • Warranty of 25 years for solar module • No monthly electricity bill Ecofreindly

Conclusion

The above Project in corporate various energy saving features like dimming facility , remote control & other s make the Smart solar street light system is eco friendly & Cost effective .