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NGO’s in India

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On the 17 and 18 of June 2005 over 190 participants from all over India came together in Bangalore to debate and determine how the role of nongovernment organisations (NGO’s) in road safety could be strengthened. The event was organised by the GRSP Secretariat together with GRSP’s coordinator in India, Sanjeev Kumar. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and Standard Chartered supported the event. All three agencies are committed to improving community involvement in social and health development issues and they were keen to encourage and facilitate the work of NGO’s and raise their profile. The key objectives were to strengthen the capacity of NGO’s and to produce recommendations for making NGO’s more effective. Presentation sessions focused on NGO activities in advocacy, victim support, and a range of road safety interventions and how NGO’s organised and managed their programmes. These were intermixed with breakout sessions to discuss and agree on recommendations for strengthening both the activities and sustainability of NGO’s. The workshop was launched by Mr Mariswamy, the Director General of Karnataka Police - Fire Services. One of the key outcomes was that it fostered a positive dialogue between government, particularly the police, and nongovernment agencies. The meeting recognised that NGOs in India face diverse challenges such as scarce resources, a lack of recognition, knowledge gaps and a largely disaggregated and disorganised effort. The workshop was seen as very successful in making the first key step towards sharing knowledge and integrating NGO activities and it recommended the establishment of an NGO network e.g. by the creation of an e-group. Other recommendations included a focus of advocacy on improving motorcycle helmet laws and compliance, improvement of victim rescue and support including changing the law to encourage public participation, and combining of NGO forces on specific projects. The workshop concluded with a unanimous request for the event be repeated next year.

RENAULT: Safety on a broad front

2005
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WHO publication on prehospital trauma care systems Ghana road safety and essential trauma care workshop Around GRSP’s world GRSP Snapshot

Opening ceremony - Bangalore Many Indian organisations contributed to the workshop’s success and Rohit Baluja, President of the Institute of Road Traffic Education, played a pivotal role in chairing numerous sessions. Enthusiasm towards the workshop also spread beyond India’s borders and the organisers were able to bring the Asia Injury Prevention Foundation from Vietnam and BRAC from Bangladesh to share their lessons learned with the participants.

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From the
Josef Schleicher is Director of External Affairs & Public Policy at DaimlerChrysler AG based in Stuttgart, Germany. He has extensive experience in Corporate Social Responsibility projects, which cover the subjects of inter-cultural dialogue, inter-religious affairs, programmes for education and qualification and concrete business affairs alike. He joined the Executive Committee of GRSP, representing DaimlerChrysler, in 2001 and was elected First Vice Chairman in 2002. He has served as GRSP Chairman from June 2003. Dear Colleagues and Friends

Chairman
are exploring opportunities in Namibia. In Indonesia, a number of organisations, with government support, have founded GRSPIndonesia. As well as these country activities there are also several discussions under way about regional initiatives in Africa and the Middle East, which I hope to be able to write about in our next edition.You will soon see a new look and better layout for our website. This will enable more information to be more readily accessible. All of this is heartening news for those of us committed to saving lives on the world’s roads. But there is always more to be done. We are proud that GRSP is an important part of global action and, with your help, will continue to play a part. Join with us in ensuring that road safety remains high on the political and social agenda.

The 2005 GRSP Annual Meeting was held from 30th May to 1st June this year, hosted by Michelin at their headquarters in Clermont-Ferrand. We are very grateful to Patrick Lepercq and the Michelin team for their excellent organisation and superb hospitality. As well as a full turn out of GRSP members and secretariat staff, we were joined by representatives of the country teams from Hungary, Poland, Romania and Sakhalin - all of whom gave excellent presentations on their work. This, coupled with a fascinating tour of Michelin’s research facilities and test track, made the 2005 meeting a memorable event for us all. I am pleased to report further growth in GRSP activities.You will read later in this newsletter of a joint initiative with the Asian Development Bank, as part of GRSI activities in China. With Sida funding we

Very best regards, Josef Schleicher, Dipl.-Ing., MBA GRSP Chairman

F RO M T H E C H A I R M A N

Following the formal business of the 2005 GRSP Annual Steering Committee meeting, we are pleased to announce the following elections: Ingrid Skogsmo (Ford/Volvo) to be vice-chair; Franck Charmaison (ISTED), Ervor Edman (Sida), Jens Hügel (IRU) and Rik Nuyttens (3M) to be members of the Executive Committee. Margie Peden (WHO) and Tayce Wakefield (GM) were co-opted as members of the Executive Committee.

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: Safety on a broad front
Each year, Renault invests some €100 million in safety research and development, pursuing a strategy of integrated safety. But Renault’s commitment to road safety goes beyond the standards built into its vehicles. The company is also dedicated to raising awareness and promoting more responsible behavior on the road. Prevention, correction, protection Renault has eight vehicles that have been awarded top five star ratings in crash tests conducted by Euro NCAP. To limit risks, Renault fits vehicles with systems that enable drivers to assume their own responsibilities more effectively. Renault cars offer outstanding roadholding and braking performances - fundamental factors in active safety. Renault vehicles are designed to provide all occupants with maximum levels of protection including programmed crumpling (body structure made from highstrength steel), reinforced cabin structures and equipment including advanced restraint systems and airbags. to raising awareness about road safety. Since 2000, Renault has actively promoted road safety awareness among children - future road users - via the international programme “Safety for All”. “Safety for All” is operating in twelve countries and has already reached nearly six million youngsters. In addition, many of Renault’s country offices implement their own initiatives tailored to the local road safety needs. For example, Renault Poland has implemented initiatives focusing on young drivers and drink driving. Young drivers are the largest risk group in Poland both in terms of causing a road crash and becoming a road crash victim and alcohol is often a factor in crashes involving Polish youth. Spreading the word In 2004, Renault teamed up with French publisher Hachette to publish a book reviewing the current global road safety situation and prospects for road safety around the world under the title “Driving Safety Forward”. Translated into six languages, it has been widely circulated both within the Renault Group and among the general public with 120,000 copies printed. A culture of safety In industrialised countries, injuries sustained on the road between home and work are more common than any other type of work-related accident. Within the Renault Group, tens of thousands of employees drive for work purposes every day, Renault has thus developed an in-house programme for road-safety education and training. Each year, all Renault Group sites systematically organise a special road safety week, contributing to the development of a culture of safety that has already reduced the number of days of absence resulting from road crashes by close to 32% over the past three years. Renault Group policies in this area are clearly defined, calling for continued efforts on a broad front to achieve measurable results.

Renault vehicles designed to ensure maximum safety for all occupants. Renault, a natural GRSP partner Road safety is a core value of the Renault Group. Global road safety statistics point to the rapid deterioration of an already tragic situation on the world’s roads. This phenomenon is particularly threatening in developing countries where road traffic fatalities and injuries already have a very significant health, social and economic impact. Therefore Renault considers it the company’s duty to be a member of the Global Road Safety Partnership and looks forward to making available its knowledge and expertise to identify solutions to the global road safety crisis. Renault believes the initiatives conducted within GRSP will provide an opportunity to build greater road safety awareness in developing and transition countries in order to counter this tragic trend. Jean-Yves Le Coz Director, Road Safety Policy “Our aim is to be at the highest level of safety on each market, even where safety is not a big selling point. Road accidents are now the ninth cause of mortality worldwide, but by 2020 they are likely to be the third main cause. The number of deaths on the road has risen by 60% over the past few years as more and more people in developing countries have cars. Here we are working with authorities, offering the support of our expertise to develop road safety awareness. Renault’s concerns in this area are part of our commitment to good corporate citizenship.”

P R O F I L E

Since 2000, Renault promoting roadsafety awareness among children Awareness Renault realises that building the safest vehicles available is not always enough to prevent a road crash or its serious consequences. There is an important human factor involved in road safety that requires the consistent and targeted education of road users, in particular drivers. For this reason Renault is also dedicated

PA RT N E R

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Prehospital trauma care systems
International experts representing a range of disciplines and nationalities agree that there is a pressing need to strengthen the quality and availability of prehospital trauma care systems throughout the world. To achieve this goal, leading experts in the field proposed a collaborative effort to define a minimum acceptable level of prehospital care that could save lives, including the definition of core strategies, relevant equipment, and needed supplies and organisational structures. launched by WHO in June 2005. The lack of empirical data on the benefit of many prehospital care interventions is a serious problem. For this reason, the publication should not be considered an “evidence based” review but rather as a product of expert consensus. Broad scope of issues The publication addresses such important themes as organisation and oversight, accountability, communications, documentation of care and important ethical and legal considerations. It is organised around three fundamental principles: - An effective prehospital trauma care system should be simple, sustainable, practical, efficient, and flexible. - Whenever possible, prehospital care should be integrated into a country’s existing healthcare, public health, and transportation infrastructures. - Wherever effective systems for prehospital trauma care are established, it can be expected that they will be quickly tasked with responsibility to address a broader range of health concerns, including paediatric, adult medical and obstetrical emergencies. Decision makers targeted The target audience for “Prehospital trauma care systems” includes governments, officials in ministries of health and other decision-makers. Accordingly, it is not a training manual for prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers. Instead, it focuses on specifying key elements necessary to create or develop effective prehospital trauma care systems. The ten chapters of the publication include information on various relevant subjets and six case studies. Specific topics covered include the concept of prehospital care (PHC), as well as the importance of developing prehospital care systems in low and middle income countries; an outline of the process for setting up and administering an integrated system on prehospital care; a detailed description of the three tiers of a PHC system: the first responders, basic and advanced prehospital care providers; a tabular summary of essential and optional resources needed in the prehospital setting; transportation and communications; various methods for performance improvement and considerations on the ethical and legal aspects linked to prehospital care. The final chapter highlights the fundamental principles developed in the document. An annex contains comments on advanced prehospital trauma care and care in fixed facilities.

P U B L I C AT I O N

A decent minimum of prehospital trauma care could save many lives

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A “decent minimum” standard WHO has been a central coordinator of the collaborative effort, one of the main objectives of which has been to achieve consensus around a simple but sustainable set of interventions that should constitute the “decent minimum” of prehospital trauma care that all countries should aspire to provide. Achieving this goal could save many lives and prevent countless disabilities worldwide. The product of this global collaboration, a publication entitled “Prehospital trauma care systems”, was

A link to existing structures By closely linking prehospital trauma care systems to the existing public health and health care infrastructures, countries can enhance their health care capacity and improve their citizens’ access to care for a wide range of emergency problems and conditions. A copy can be downloaded from the WHO website: www.who.int/violence_injury_preventi on or for more information contact Jean-Dominique Lormand at lormandj@who.int

WHO

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RS4C truly global
With financial support from Sida, GRSP has been closely involved as a co-sponsor in re-establishing the ‘Road Safety on Four Continents’ conference series. The event is taking place in Warsaw, 5-7 October. The support of the Government of Poland is gratefully acknowledged in making the conference a success. GRSP’s goal has been to broaden the geographic spread of presenters and to stress the potential applications of research findings. GRSP staff sit as members of both the organising and scientific committees. GSRP was able to offer financial support to authors from developing countries whose paper was accepted on scientific grounds. As a result, 30 authors will be present from all over the developing world who would not otherwise have been able to attend. GRSP staff are speaking in the opening and closing sessions, and there are five authors from GRSP country teams: Jack Lewis and Justice Amegashie (separate papers) from Ghana; Sanjeev Kumar from Bangalore; Chamroon Tangpaisalkit from Thailand; and Evgenia Rodina from Sakhalin, Russian Federation.

Essential trauma care
I N I T I AT I V E S
Ghana continues to suffer the tragic consequences of road traffic injuries. While increased attention is now being given to road safety worldwide, efforts to prevent and treat this health problem have lagged behind attention given to other serious health problems. Other research has also shown that many low-cost items required to save lives were not available in these hospitals. Though the use of such equipment may require the teaching of some skills, providing this would require minimal or no additional cost and could likely be implemented better promote road safety and to strengthen trauma care in the nation. The conference was organised by GRSP Ghana and the National Road Safety Commission with technical support from WHO and funding from Standard Chartered. National recommendations The major outcome of the workshop was a set of recommendations for a National Policy on Strengthening Care of Injury Victims. These recommendations were based on the premise that improvements in care and hence decreases in injury related death and disability could be achieved at low cost and in a sustainable fashion, primarily through improved organisation and planning. Recommendations were made on the following: injury surveillance, prehospital care, facility based care, primary health care, system of transfers, oversight and financing mechanisms. A detailed report entitled “Strengthening care for injury victims: recommendations for a national policy” was prepared based on the conclusions of the workshop. This document can be obtained from GRSP.

S A F E T Y

Members of ETC workshop panel Ghana has undertaken numerous efforts in the areas of road safety and trauma care in an attempt to prevent the tragic consequences of road crashes, but much still needs to be done. Research conducted in hospitals along some of the major highways in the country has shown that there are many deaths occurring among road traffic crash victims that could be prevented by improvements in trauma care, both in the prehospital setting and in hospitals. mainly through institutional strengthening initiatives. Workshop seeks solutions To strengthen the spectrum of injury control in Ghana, a road safety and essential trauma care workshop was held at Akosombo in Ghana’s Eastern region on 17 and 18 June, 2005. This was one of the first of its kind and brought together a multi-sectoral group of local and international experts to examine ways in which to

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GRSP’s world
Viet Nam
Building on its previous primary school programmes, Asia Injury (GRSP’s coordinator in Viet Nam) launched its “Traffic safety school program” in four provinces in the central area of Viet Nam (Thua Thien-Hue, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Quang Nam) in mid July. The programme combines helmet promotion, teaching of child road safety practices and community involvement in increasing the safety of school routes. Implementation commenced in September (the new school year), and the programme will reach nearly 100,000 children and the communities they live in. To combat the country’s major problem of motorcycle crashes, the French Red Cross has initiated a large-scale motorcycle helmet usage campaign in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. The programme includes posters which will be displayed throughout both cities, billboard displays, a press and media launch and high profile ceremonies, website information, community radio messages and a short TV campaign. Partners include the municipal governments and two private hospitals as well as the Viet Nam Red Cross. Red Cross, Viet Nam Red Cross, WHO Viet Nam, BP, Ford, Honda Viet Nam, Shell, Suzuki Viet Nam, Yamaha Viet Nam, and the Asian Development Bank Viet Nam, have confirmed their participation.

GRSP’s profile has been raised in Bangalore due to the huge success of the Road Safety NGO Workshop (see pg 1). GRSP Advisor, Mr. Andrew Downing, was interviewed by various media and featured very prominently in the largest selling daily with half page coverage.

Brazil
In August, GRSP staff visited Brazil to explore possibilities within the country for GRSI. The main focus was to evaluate the compatibility of GRSI with the GRSP Proactive Partnership Process (PPP) in Brzail. Visits were made to the GRSP focus towns of Resende (Rio de Janerio State); Juiz de Fora, Santa Luzia and Ribeirão das Neves (two towns in Minas Gerais State); and Sumaré (São Paulo State). In each of the towns presentations were made on current activities and progress in the PPP. The GRSP PPP was deemed to be compatible with the goals of the GRSI and it is felt a link between the two initiatives will increase synergy among the focus towns. Visits were also made to General Motors Brazil Heaquarters (São Paulo) and Shell Brasil Headquarters (Rio de Janeiro). Both companies have demonstrated a high level of commitment to the GRSP PPP approach as well as to the GRSI programme.

Bangalore: local cultural contribution The safe routes to school programme has resulted in the framing of a Government order on the transportation of school children. Raised crosswalks have now been installed at some 25 locations and pelican signals at some nine locations across the city.

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Thailand
The safe routes to school project, lead by 3M, has now been implemented in two schools. The first part of the evaluation was recently completed (by the Suranaree University of Technology), including the measurement of conditions around the school (speed, number of pedestrians using and not using the crosswalk in the vicinity of school, pedestrian walkway usage, and safe crossing gap). An initial analysis shows that safe behaviour is more common among children who completed a road safety education course. The behaviour of parents, however, doesn’t seem to have changed. Double parking or dropping off or picking up their children at unsafe locations remain common. The full evaluation report is expected to be completed by the end of 2005.

Romania
GRSP Romania partners have agreed to establish an independent organisation. According to Romanian law, the Government must approve the new organisation but cannot be a formal member in it. For this reason, GRSP Romania will invite representatives of the Police, Roads Authority and Transport Authority to be honorary members. A temporary Executive Committee will guide this process. The committee has already agreed on a programme consisting of five to six projects for 2006.

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Local authority in Quang Binh province Viet Nam has agreed to a loan of more than 30 million US Dollars for a standalone road safety project. The World Bank approved the loan to the National Traffic Safety Committee (NTSC) in early June. An important requirement for implementation of the project is the establishment of a Consultative Council by the NTSC. It is anticipated that this Council will be in place shortly and already Asia Injury, GRSP, the French

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GRSP’s world
Hungary
GRSP Hungary has been officially registered as an NGO in the form of an association. Dr. Agnes Lindenbach is General Secretary of the “GRSP Hungary Association” and will provide the secretariat . The Chairman of GRSP Hungary is Mr. Gabor Szeitl (SHELL) and the two vice-chairpersons are Dr. Peter Lanyi (Ministry of Ecoenomy and Transport) and Dr. Istvan Toth (Magyar Autoklub). GRSP Hungary elected three Board members, Col. Ferenc Pausz (OFRK-OBB), Mrs. Agotha Berces (3M Hungary) and Dr. Tibor Mocari (KTI research Institute). The electronic address of the Association is: grsphungary@tvnetwork.hu. The GRSP Hungary website (only in Hunagarian) has a link to GRSP in Geneva, is www.GRSP.hu In 2005, activities have included a continuation of the 2004 safety belt campaign. Work began in July and will end in October using the “tomato” and FIA dummy that were featured in the 2004 national campaign. A booklet and items such as key rings and stickers are being distributed as widely as possible. An evaluation of the campaign will be carried out in collaboration with the Ministry of Economy and Transport and KTI. raising 120,000 USD from 15 Sakhalin based companies. An Island-wide seat belt campaign using the FIA Foundation Guidelines is progressing, with an experienced agency now contracted to develop and implement the campaign. A crash data analysis project team are reviewing GIBDD data.

Practical work on producing Poland’s first guidelines on occupational road safety got underway this summer. The GRSP initiative was launched in mid-July when top management from all seven participating corporate partners came together to sign a declaration committing their companies to uphold high in-house road safety standards. The project is being led by BP Poland with technical input from ABB, Renault, Michelin, Shell, 3M, the Fleet Management Association, the Polish Red Cross, DaimlerChrysler and the National Road Safety Council. DaimlerChrysler will also lead the marketing and distribution of the guidelines in 2006. Other contributions are being made by WHO Poland, the World Bank Poland and ZMPD (IRU local member). Michelin Poland launched the “Cool head in a helmet” campaign on July 1 to remind children and parents about the importance of wearing a helmet when riding a bike. Research commissioned by Michelin showed that 67% of children do not wear helmets when riding a bicycle and the more experience the child has in a riding bicycle, the less it cares for head protection. The project targets both adults, children and youth via a national information and education campaign in the press, using outdoor billboards, an internet portal, radio and television.

Establishment of SRSP In conjunction with these ongoing activities, two separate groups will soon start the selection of potential projects for implementation in 2006. These will be discussed at the 2nd SRSP steering committee meeting, scheduled for November 2005.

Ghana
The DFID sponsored project on “Guidelines for conducting community road safety education”, with GRSP Ghana acting as local manager, succeeded in making road safety a major community issue in Ashiaman. When the DFID programme ended, residents quickly created their own road safety working group. The programme has also changed attitudes and created a demand for more programmes on road safety, more road signs, and more zebra crossings. Madam Atswei, a local trader, observed, “Being a seller, my thinking was, when you are closer to the buyer on the road than in the market, you can sell more but you forget about the dangerous aspects of this. After the programme, me and my friends decided not sell on the street again, only in the market.” For more information see: http://www.transportlinks.org/crse/HomePage.pdf

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Sakhalin
June 16th marked GRSP’s first step into the Russian Federation when, with the support and guidance of the Sakhalin Administration, the Sakhalin traffic militia (GIBDD) and Sakhalin Energy Investment Company, the Sakhalin Road Safety Partnership (SRSP) was established. Representatives from 20 organisations within government, business and NGOs signed an agreement to be proactive partners. The initial focus of the partnership is to implement three projects endorsed by the SRSP steering committee. A ‘’black spots and vulnerable road users’’ project has made significant progress,

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Signing of road safety declaration GRSP Poland looks forward to participating in the RS4C conference in Warsaw with an information booth on GRSP and GRSP activities in Poland.

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GRSP S n a p s h o t
GRSI ASEAN Road Safety Programme
GRSP has appointed Ms (Jan) Buabuen Phinjaroenphan as the new GRSI ASEAN Road Safety Coordinator. Jan is Thai and has a BA degree in Psychology from the University of Saskatchewan. She was the Project Coordinator for the Thai Road Safety Education Project and has also worked for the Australian Embassy and as a communications consultant for transport and road safety matters in Thailand. Jan is expected to start in early November and she will be based at the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies regional office in Bangkok.

GRSI-China
As part of the Global Road Safety Initiative, GRSP has reached an agreement with Asian Development Bank and the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) in China jointly to fund a technical assistance programme to the Traffic Management Research Bureau (the research and training arm of the traffic police). This three year programme will address some priority components of the ‘National Road Safety Reform Program’ (NRSRP), through “better trained driving license examiners to help promote safety conscious drivers, and a uniform accident investigation system which will provide better standards, an accident data system, and an understanding of causes and impacts”. GSRI funds will focus on that part of the technical assistance which will establish a ‘model province’ through a series of demonstration projects and improvements in line with the NRSRP. The aim is to create a better road safety system that can be used as framework to remove obstacles, and facilitate implementation of the short-term and strategic plans of the MPS at the national level. Campaign poster from Ghana

Good practice manual
GRSP has contracted the Australian Road Research Board, in association with the Transport Research Laboratory, UK to develop a manual on alcohol and road users. This manual will be one of a series of guides for decision makers and practitioners being developed by WHO, World Bank, FIA Foundation and GRSP. GRSP welcomes information on well founded case studies, summaries of good practice can be sent by e-mail to grsp@ifrc.org.

Beijing, China

GRSP 2005 Annual Report
SNAPSHOT
The 2005 Annual Report was published in June, making its debut at this year’s Annual Meeting in France. Copies can be obtained from the GRSP secretariat in Geneva grsp@ifrc.org or downloaded from the website www.grsproadsafety.org

Workshop in Oman
GRSP will work with UN-ESCWA to prepare a workshop on good practice in road safety to be held in Oman at the end of November 2005. GRSP will prepare summaries of good practice from around the region to be presented at the workshop, which will be attended by government, business and NGO representatives from the region.

GRSP

Global Road Safety Partnership PO Box 372 17 chemin des Crêts CH-1211 Geneva 19 Switzerland Tel: (41 22) 730 4249 Fax: (41 22) 733 0395 Email: grsp@ifrc.org Website: www.GRSProadsafety.org

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