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AGUILAR, JOSEPHINE S.

ASSIGNMENT #1
DIGITAL TELEVISION

FINALS BROADCAST October 4, 2012

Digital TV is a new way of broadcasting television signals. It delivers the TV signal in a much more efficient way than the current analogue system. As more and more people are discovering, digital television offers clearer pictures and sound and a variety of other enhancements, including widescreen pictures and extra digital only channels There are two types of digital tv – standard definition (SDTV) and high definition (HDTV). Both offer images that are clearer, sharper and far more defined than analogue TV, with HDTV providing the premium digital viewing experience. HDTV can display four and half times more detail than analogue television. Benefits of Digital TV  For many viewers digital television will provide clearer, sharper pictures than analogue.Reception problems like ghosting, which affect some analogue viewers in built-up or hilly areas, becomes a thing of the past for digital viewers because the digital signal is delivered more efficiently than the analogue transmissions.   Digital TV also means the end of reception interference. Digital TV is also broadcast in "widescreen" with a width to height ratio, or aspect ratio, of 16 x 9. Digital television also means better sound, with all programs broadcast in MPEG. Some special programs are also broadcast in Dolby Digital 5.1 - a surround sound format available for bothstandard and high definition viewers who have home theatre systems able to decode the special digital audio signal.   Digital transmission is also much more efficient in its use of spectrum than the old analogue system. Digital also provides an Electronic Program Guide or EPG. The EPG is an interactive schedule of current and upcoming programs that a viewer can display on-screen simply by pressing a button on their remote control.Even the simplest such guides will list program start time, duration, censorship classification and program genre, and at the touch of another button, a short description of the program being viewed or the one coming up next.

It should not be confused with Web television . as long as it is using a HD screen. It does not describe a technology used to deliver content. Humax. these on-demand websites or applications are essential for major television broadcasters. orInternet protocol television (IPTV) .short programs or videos created by a wide variety of companies and individuals. Every night the use of on-demand television peaks at around 10 pm.an emerging internet technology standard for use by television broadcasters. Flagging systems can be used to warn a user that content may be certified or that it is intended for viewing post-watershed. The BBC iPlayer makes use of a parental control system giving parents the option to "lock" content. Controlling content on the Internet presents a challenge for most providers. Honor systems are also used where users are asked for their dates of birth or age to verify if they are able to view certain content. meaning that a password would have to be used to access it. and ANT Software) is currently promoting and establishing an open .Most providers of the service provide several different formats and quality controls so that the service can be viewed on many different devices.INTERNET TELEVISION Internet television is the digital distribution of television content via the Internet. providers use methods such as parental controls that allows restrictions to be placed upon the use and access of certificated material. The Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV (HbbTV) consortium of industry companies (such as SES. Internet television allows the users to choose the content or the television show they want to watch from an archive of content or from a channel directory. Philips. The two forms of viewing Internet television are streaming the content directly to a media player or simply downloading the media to the user's computer. typically by major traditional television broadcasters. streaming is the same but offers the quality of HD to the device being used. to try to ensure that a user is allowed to view content such as content with age certificates. Internet Television is a general term that covers the delivery of television shows and other video content over the internet by video streaming technology. Some services now offer a HD service along side their SD. With the "TV on Demand" market growing.

technical director for subscriber networks at Scientific-Atlanta. usually a parabolic reflector generally referred to as a satellite dish.European standard (called HbbTV) for hybrid set-top boxes for the reception of broadcast and broadband digital television and multimedia applications with a single-user interface. a satellite receiver either in the form of an external set-top box or a satellite tuner module built into a TV set. Because the signal from the antenna became weaker as it traveled through the length of cable. In many areas of the world satellite television provides a wide range of channels and services. limitations in these amplifiers were a significant issue for cable system designers in the next three decades. and as far as household usage is concerned. in effect. Satellite TV tuners are also available as a card or a USB peripheral to be attached to a personal computer. strategically placed antennas with very long cables connecting them to subscribers' television sets. CABLE TELEVISION The earliest cable systems were. cable providers had to insert amplifiers at regular intervals to boost the strength of the signal and make it acceptable for viewing. a leading maker of equipment for cable television systems. SATELLITE TELEVISION Satellite television is television programming delivered by the means of communications satellite and received by an outdoor antenna. According to Bill Wall. . often to areas that are not serviced byterrestrial or cable providers.

The receiver processes the signal and passes it on to a standard TV.electronics. Since satellites are high in the sky. The broadcast center is the central hub of the system. Basically. Satellite TV systems transmit and receive radio signals using specialized dishes. the TV provider receives signals from various programming sources and beams a broadcast signal to satellites in geosynchronous orbit. the satellite. The provider selects programs and broadcasts them to subscribers as a set package. such as DirecTV or DISH Network. the provider's goal is to bring dozens or even hundreds of channels to your TV in a form that approximates the competition.org www. but today.com   . The viewer's dish picks up the signal from the satellite (or multiple satellites in the same part of the sky) and passes it on to the receiver in the viewer's house. most satellite TV customers get their programming through a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) provider. References: www. the broadcast center. There are five major components involved in a direct to home (DTH) or direct broadcasting (DBS) satellite system: the programming source. there are a lot more customers in the line of sight. At the broadcast center. Some satellite owners still seek out this sort of programming on their own.Wikipedia. cable TV.howstuffworks. the satellite dish and the receiver.   antennas called satellite Programming sources are simply the channels that provide programming for broadcast.Satellite TV solves the problems of range and distortion by transmitting broadcast signals from satellitesorbiting the Earth.  The satellites receive the signals from the broadcast station and rebroadcast them to Earth.

becomes a thing of the past for digital viewers because the digital signal is delivered more efficiently than the analogue transmissions.an emerging internet technology standard for use by television broadcasters. For many viewers digital television will provide clearer. HDTV can display four and half times more detail than analogue television.short programs or videos created by a wide variety of companies and individuals. Both offer images that are clearer. a short description of the program being viewed or the one coming up next. Reception problems like ghosting. It should not be confused with Web television . with HDTV providing the premium digital viewing experience. censorship classification and program genre. Internet Television is a .Digital TV also means the end of reception interference. with all programs broadcast in MPEG.ILAGAN. duration. or Internet protocol television (IPTV) . It delivers the TV signal in a much more efficient way than the current analogue system.Digital transmission is also much more efficient in its use of spectrum than the old analogue system. or aspect ratio. including widescreen pictures and extra digital only channels There are two types of digital tv – standard definition (SDTV) and high definition (HDTV). and at the touch of another button.Digital television also means better sound. which affect some analogue viewers in built-up or hilly areas. INTERNET TELEVISIONis the digital distribution of television content via the Internet. Some special programs are also broadcast in Dolby Digital 5. ASSIGNMENT #1 DIGITAL TELEVISIONis a new way of broadcasting television signals. The EPG is an interactive schedule of current and upcoming programs that a viewer can display on-screen simply by pressing a button on their remote control. Even the simplest such guides will list program start time. Digital also provides an Electronic Program Guide or EPG. Digital TV is also broadcast in "widescreen" with a width to height ratio. sharper pictures than analogue. sharper and far more defined than analogue TV. LORRAINE S. digital television offers clearer pictures and sound and a variety of other enhancements. of 16 x 9.a surround sound format available for both standard and high definition viewers who have home theatre systems able to decode the special digital audio signal. As more and more people are discovering.1 .

streaming is the same but offers the quality of HD to the device being used. Plus. the signal might have gone through 30 or 40 amplifiers before reaching your house. a leading maker of equipment for cable television systems. "With each amplifier. The Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV (HbbTV) consortium of industry companies (such as SES. With the "TV on Demand" market growing. cable television would find a solution to the amplifier problem. The two forms of viewing Internet television are streaming the content directly to a media player or simply downloading the media to the user's computer. limitations in these amplifiers were a significant issue for cable system designers in the next three decades. Internet television allows the users to choose the content or the television show they want to watch from an archive of content or from a channel directory. technical director for subscriber networks at Scientific-Atlanta. Most providers of the service provide several different formats and quality controls so that the service can be viewed on many different devices. in effect. It does not describe a technology used to deliver content. typically by major traditional television broadcasters. and ANT Software) is currently promoting and establishing an open European standard (called HbbTV) for hybrid set-top boxes for the reception of broadcast and broadband digital television and multimedia applications with a single-user interface. Every night the use of on-demand television peaks at around 10 pm.general term that covers the delivery of television shows and other video content over the internet by video streaming technology. these on-demand websites or applications are essential for major television broadcasters. as long as it is using a HD screen. if one of the amplifiers failed. Some services now offer a HD service along side their SD. one every 1." Wall says. you lost the picture. Humax. they had also developed technology that allowed them to add more programming to cable service. you would get noise and distortion. Philips.000 feet or so. strategically placed antennas with very long cables connecting them to subscribers' television sets. cable providers had to insert amplifiers at regular intervals to boost the strength of the signal and make it acceptable for viewing. "In a cable system." In the late 1970s. Cable got a reputation for not having the best quality picture and for not being reliable. . CABLE TELEVISION The earliest cable systems were. Because the signal from the antenna became weaker as it traveled through the length of cable. By then. According to Bill Wall.

The provider selects programs and broadcasts them to subscribers as a set package. Basically. Satellite TV systems transmit and receive radio signals using specialized antennas called satellite dishes.com . usually a parabolic reflector generally referred to as a satellite dish. there are a lot more customers in the line of sight. There are five major components involved in a direct to home (DTH) or direct broadcasting (DBS) satellite system: the programming source. the satellite. but today.com www. Satellite TV tuners are also available as a card or a USB peripheral to be attached to a personal computer. the provider's goal is to bring dozens or even hundreds of channels to your TV in a form that approximates the competition. cable TV. Some satellite owners still seek out this sort of programming on their own. the satellite dish and the receiver. only the most die-hard TV fans would go through all the hassle and expense of putting in their own dish.org www. References: www.e-how. Satellite TV was a lot harder to get than broadcast and cable TV.Wikipedia. the broadcast center. In many areas of the world satellite television provides a wide range of channels and services. SATELLITE TELEVISION is television programming delivered by the means of communications satellite and received by an outdoor antenna. such as DirecTV or DISH Network.When satellite television first hit the market in the early 1990s. Satellite TV solves the problems of range and distortion by transmitting broadcast signals from satellitesorbiting the Earth. most satellite TV customers get their programming through a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) provider. a satellite receiver either in the form of an external set-top box or a satellite tuner module built into a TV set. often to areas that are not serviced byterrestrial or cable providers. and as far as household usage is concerned. In these early years. Since satellites are high in the sky.howstuffworks. home dishes were expensive metal units that took up a huge chunk of yard space.electronics.