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Malnutrition is caused by a person not receiving enough nutrients, which stops t he body functioning as it should.

In developing countries, this is often the result of lack of food. In the UK mal nutrition can be caused by several different circumstances and conditions. These are listed below. Physical factors Physical factors can contribute to malnutrition. For example: If your teeth are in a poor condition, eating can be difficult or painful. You may find swallowing food difficult or painful. The medical term for this is dysphagia and it can have a range of causes such as a blockage in your throat, d amage to the nerves used in swallowing or sores in your mouth. You may lose your appetite as a result of losing your sense of smell and taste. This can sometimes occur after a severe head injury or brain tumour. You may have a physical disability or other impairment that makes it difficult f or you to cook for yourself. Social factors Social factors that can contribute to malnutrition include: a low income limited knowledge about nutrition limited knowledge about cooking older men who become widowed may have trouble ad apting to cooking healthy meals for themselves, as might younger students leavin g home for the first time living alone and being socially isolated having reduced mobility and lack of transport abusing drugs abusing alcohol Medical conditions Medical conditions that can contribute to malnutrition include: having an eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa, which means that the amount of food you eat is very small having a health condition that causes a lack of appetite, such as cancer, liver disease, active infection, persistent pain or nausea having a mental health condition such as depression or schizophrenia which, if s evere, may affect your ability to look after yourself having a health condition that disrupts your body s ability to digest food or abso rb nutrients, such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis having dementia people with dementia may be unable to communicate their needs wh en it comes to eating persistent diarrhoea persistent vomiting taking many different types of medication at the same time there are more than 2 50 types of medicine known to disrupt the body s ability to absorb and then break down nutrients your body has an increased demand for energy, for example if it is trying to hea l itself after a serious injury such as a burn Children In the UK, the most common causes of malnutrition in children are long-term heal th conditions that either: cause lack of appetite disrupt the normal process of digestion cause the body to have an increased demand for energy Examples of these types of conditions include: childhood cancers, such as acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, which is a cancer of t he white blood cells congenital heart disease, which is when a child is born with one or more defects affecting their heart

sticky mucus in the lungs and digestive system and prevents digestive enzymes being released from the pancrea s Malnutrition due to inadequate food intake in this country is rare. If you are concerned that a child may be at risk of neglect or abuse you should call the NSPCC child protection helpline on 0808 800 5000. .kidney failure. although it may occur if children are being neglected or abused. which is where the kidneys lose most or all of their functions cystic fibrosis. which causes a build-up of thick.