You are on page 1of 2

EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT (ETP

)
INTRODUCTION:
Pollutants present in waste water, the treatment steps range from physical methods for removal of oils, physico-chemical methods for reduction of some other pollutants to biological process for stabilisation of dissolved in-organics. o o o o o o o Physical methods fo r removal of oils. Physico-chemical methods for removal of emulsified oils and ammonical compounds. Chemical precipitation removal of sulphide. Two stage aerobic treatment for removal of dissolved organics such as phenols, oils, BOD etc. Tertiary treatment for polishing the effluents just prior to discharge sludge handling facility for dewatering the solids generated during treatment. The waste water is segregated into 3 streams namely, stream A, B &C to facilitate economics treatment. The entire system is discharged to treat a combined waste water flow of 325 m3/hr

SOURCES OF EFFLUENTS: Large volumes of water are required in the refinery to meet the various process demands. The major demand of water in the refinery is for cooling purposes. Because of the proximity to coast sea water is used as cooling water and as fire water. Fresh water is used for steam generation, product washing, Chemical solution preparation, flushing of equipment and pipe lines, floor washing etc. The waste water generated are: I. II. III. IV. Process water(sour water) Oily Water Sewerage(OWS water) Chemical water Cooling water

PROCESS DESCRIPTION: o o There are in all 3 streams viz stream A, B&C which contribute to the pollutant load and each of these streams are collected separately and pre-treated. The combined pre treated stream form the effluent stream which is subjected to sulphide removal, emulsified oil removal TPF system and BOD/COD reduction to meet the MINAS standard by 2 stage biological treatment.

o o o

The final clarified effluent is given polishing treatment through dual media filters comprising anthracite and sand filters. The filtrate is then passed through activated carbon filters where residual COD gets adsorbed on its surface and to remove undesirable odour and colour. Treated and clear effluent is routed to guard ponds.