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This presentation provides solution for sample of chapter 2 problems of the book " vector mechanics for engineers"

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ENGR212

T.A. Maha Moddather Mail : mahamodather@aucegypt.edu

Prob. (2.86)

Prob. (2.86)

Given

TAD = 315 Ib

Required

Components of force exerted by the wire on bolt at D.

Prob. (2.86)

Y

TAD

Z

X

Prob. (2.86)

Y FY TAD FZ FX

Z

X

Prob. (2.86)

In this problem, the direction of the force is defined by two points D and A located on its line of action. STEPS OF SOLUTION: 1. Express the vector DA drawn from D to A in terms of its components dx , dy , dz and the unit vectors i , j , k : DA = dxi + dy j + dzk 2. Calculate the magnitude d: d =

dx d y dz

2 2

2

3. Express the force TAD in terms of its components:

F = TAD / d * [ d x i d y j d z k ]

Prob. (2.86)

Y FY TAD FZ dx = 20 ft dy = 100 ft dz = 74 ft

FX

Z

X

Prob. (2.86)

STEPS OF SOLUTION: 1. Express the vector DA drawn from D to A in terms of its components dx , dy , dz and the unit vectors i , j , k : DA = 20i + 100 j + 74k 2. Calculate the magnitude d: d =

dx d y dz

2 2

2

= 126 ft

3. Express the force TAD in terms of its components:

F = TAD / d * [ d x i d y j d z k ]

F = 315/126 * [ 20 i+100j+74k] F = 50i+250j+185k

Prob. (2.86)

Components of Force

Y

TAD

FY= 250 Ib

FX = 50 Ib FZ= 185 Ib

Z

X

Prob. (2.94)

Prob. (2.94)

Given

TAB = 510 Ib TAC = 425 Ib

Required

Magnitude and direction of resultant at A

Prob. (2.94)

Y

TAB

TAC

X Z

Prob. (2.94)

Y FZ FX TAB FY TAC

Express Force in cable AB by its rectangular components

X Z

Prob. (2.94)

Y FZ FX TAB FY TAC

Express Force in cable AC by its rectangular components

X Z

Prob. (2.94)

STEPS OF SOLUTION: 1. Express the vector AB & AC drawn from D to A in terms of its components dx , dy , dz and the unit vectors i , j , k :

**AB = 40i -45j + 60k
**

AC = 100i -45j + 60k 2. Calculate the magnitude d: d =

dx d y dz

2 2

2

d

AB AC

= 85 = 125

d

Prob. (2.94)

Y FZ FX TAB FY TAC For AB: dx = 40 ft dy = -45 ft dz = 60 ft

X Z

Prob. (2.94)

Y FZ FX TAB FY TAC For AC: dx = 100 ft dy = -45 ft dz = 60 ft

X Z

Prob. (2.94)

STEPS OF SOLUTION: 3. Express the force TAB & TAC in terms of its components:

F = TAB / d * [ d x i d y j d z k ]

F = 510/85 * [ 40 i-45j+60k] AB F = 240i-270j+360k AB F = 425/125 * [ 100 i-45j+60k] AC F = 340i-153j+204k AC

Prob. (2.94)

STEPS OF SOLUTION: 4. Calculate the resultant : R =FAB + FAC :

R = 240i-270j+360k 340i-153j+204k

**R = 580i-423j+564k
**

Magnitude of the Resultant = [5802+4232+5642]0.5 = 912.9 Ib

Direction of the resultant: Cosx= 580/912.9 x = 50.6o Cosy= -423/912.9 y = 117.6o Cosz= 564/912.9 z = 51.8o

Prob. (2.114)

Prob. (2.114)

Given

Weight = 60 Ib Forces are in equilibrium.

Required

Tension force in the three wires.

Prob. (2.114)

Draw a free body diagram of the particle showing all the acting forces

Prob. (2.114)

Y

Z

X

Prob. (2.114)

W

FDA

FDC FDB

Y

Z

X

Prob. (2.114)

Resolve each force in its rectangular components

Prob. (2.114)

W W = 60J

FDA

FDC FDB

Y

Z

X

Prob. (2.114)

For FDA: TDA sin 30 FDA TDA cos 30 W

Y

Z

X

Prob. (2.114)

TDA sin 30

Z

50

X

Prob. (2.114)

TDA sin 30 sin 50 TDA sin 30

Z TDA sin 30 cos 50

50

X FDA = TDA [-sin 30 sin 50 i - cos30 j + sin30cos50 k]

Prob. (2.114)

For FDB: W

TDB sin 30

FDB

TDB cos 30

Y

Z

X

Prob. (2.114)

Z

40 TDB sin 30 X

Prob. (2.114)

Z

**TDB sin 30 sin 40
**

40 TDB sin 30 TDB sin 30 cos 40

X FDB = TDB [sin 30 cos 40 i - cos30 j + sin30sin40 k]

Prob. (2.114)

For FDC: W TDC sin 30 TDC cos 30 FDC Y

Z

X

Prob. (2.114)

Z TDC sin 30

60

X

Prob. (2.114)

Z

TDC sin 30 sin 60 60 TDC sin 30

TDC sin 30 cos 60

X

FDC = TDC [sin 30 cos 60 i - cos30 j - sin30sin60 k]

Prob. (2.114)

FDA = TDA [-sin 30 sin 50 i - cos30 j + sin30cos50 k] FDB = TDB [sin 30 cos 40 i - cos30 j + sin30sin40 k] FDB = TDB [sin 30 cos 60 i - cos30 j - sin30sin60 k]

Set the resultant on the particle equal to zero

Prob. (2.114)

Rx = TDA (-sin 30 sin 50)+ TDB (sin 30 cos 40)+TDC (sin 30 cos 60) =0 Ry = TDA (-cos30)+ TDB (-cos30)+TDC (-cos30) + 60 =0 Rz = TDA (sin 30 cos 50)+ TDB (sin30sin40)+TDC (- sin30sin60 )

=0

Prob. (2.114)

TDA (-0.383)+ TDB (0.383)+TDC (0.25) = 0 TDA (0.866)+ TDB (0.866)+TDC (0.866)= 60 TDA (0.321)+ TDB (0.321)+TDC (- 0.433 )= 0

**Solving these equations, we get:
**

TDA = 29.5 Ib

TDB = 10.3 Ib

TDB = 29.5 Ib

Prob. (2.125)

Prob. (2.125)

Given

Q = 60 Ib

Length of wire (AB) = 25 in

x = 9 in

Required

Tension in wire AB. Magnitude of Force (P).

Prob. (2.125)

Y

X Z

Prob. (2.125)

Free Body Diagram : Y

NZ FAB NY Q Z NX FAB NY

P

X

Prob. (2.125)

Resolve each force in its rectangular components at Point A & B

Prob. (2.125)

Y

At Point (A):

P=pi NY = Ny j

NZ FAB NY

P

NZ = Nz k FAB = TAB/AB*AB

X Z

Prob. (2.125)

Y

At Point (B):

Q = 60 k NY = Ny j NX = Nx i FAB = TAB/BA*BA

FAB NY Q Z NX X

Prob. (2.125)

1. Express the vector AB & AC drawn from D to A in terms of its components dx , dy , dz and the unit vectors i , j , k : BA = 9i +20j -zk 2. Calculate the magnitude d: d =

dx d y dz

2 2

2

d

= [92+202+z2]0.5=25 BA

z = 12 in

3. Express the force TBA in terms of its components:

F = TBA / d * [ d x i d y j d z k ]

F = T /25 * [ 9 i+20j-12k] BA BA

Prob. (2.125)

Y

At Point (B):

Q = 60 k NY = Ny j NX = Nx i FBA = TBA/25 * [ 9 i+20j-12k]

FAB NY Q Z NX X

Prob. (2.125)

**Apply the equilibrium condition
**

TBA/25 *9 + Nx = 0

Ny + TBA/25*20 = 0

60+ TBA/25*-12=0 TBA = 125 Ib

Prob. (2.125)

Y

At Point (A):

P=pi NY = Ny j

NZ FAB NY

P

NZ = Nz k FAB = TAB /25 * [ -9 i-20j+12k]

X Z

Prob. (2.125)

**Apply the equilibrium condition
**

p + TAB/25 *-9 = 0 p + 125/25*-9=0 p = 45 Ib

Ny + TAB/25*-20 = 0

Nz+ TBA/25*12=0

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