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through to 1976.

A re-engined version, the Mohawk 298, featured P&WC PT6A engines in place of the original Turbomeca Bastan VIIs. Nineteen examples remain in service, Maximum weight 10,800kg Accommodation 26-29 Wingspan 22.6m length 19.3m height 6.2m Original design life n/a Average fleet age 33 years
Antonov A n - 2 4 / 3 0

Japan Air System has the largest A 3 00 ageingfleet,with 17 in service check earlier this year, and both airframes completed die inspection with few problems. The Yakovlev design bureau is barely ticking over and the overhaul centres responsible for die two jet models have drawn up proposals to take over die design and modification authority for the types. This would be similar to the issuing of an STC in the West, but is not a standard practice in the CIS. Maximum weight 54,000kg Accommodation 120 die Russian four-turboprop airliner were produced before production ceased in 1983. The 11-18 was powered by four Ivchenko AI-20M turboprops. Three civil versions were produced: the -18V, the more powerful -18E and the heavier, longer-range -18. Forty-eight examples remain in service, widi one late production 11-22 military command post converted to 11-18 standard in 1999 for a Ukraine based airline. A 5,000h service life extension is possible following major overhaul. Wingspan 34.9m length, 36.4m, height 9.8m Maximum weight (-18D) 64,000kg Original design life 30,000 cycles 30,000h Accommodation 122

The twin turboprop An-24 was flown in April 1960 and entered service in 1963 with Aeroflot. There arefivemodels, including B, RT, RVand T variants, all powered by two Ivchenko M-24s — some with an auxiliary turbojet for improved performance and engine starting. Some CIS military An-24s are being transferred for civil operation, but these are mainly outside Russia. An airborne survey derivative, the An-30, is increasingly being used as a freighter and occasionally in die passenger role as survey work is falling off. Sixty-seven aircraft are included within the An-24 totals. A 5,000h service life extension is possible following major overhaul. Maximum weight 21,000kg Accommodation 50
Wingspan 29.2m length 23.5m height 8.3m Design life 35,000 cycles, 50,000h, 25 years ATR42

• II III liII I M i ^ ^ M
llyushin II-76M/T The 11-76 was originally conceived for the military role, but older aircraft with low hours and cycles are being converted to civil use. The first example of the high-winged, four-engined freighter was flown in March 1971 and entered service in 1972. More than 1,000 aircraft have been produced. The original versions were powered by MKB (Soloviev) D-30s, while a Aviadvigatel PS-90 powered MF was flown in August 1995. A civil version, the TF, is being produced for East Line. There are 103 pre-1986 Il-76s in commercial service, a smaller number than previously recorded. The fleet reduction is principally due to the fall in market demand following the 1998 rouble crisis. As a result, many of die Ukraine air force aircraft that were leased out to airlines have been returned to "uniform". Rybinsk Motors, the manufacturer of the D-30 engine, has introduced a Stage 3 modification, but with a price of over $2 million an engine will struggle tofindcustomers. Plans to retrofit the 11-76 with either the PS-90A or the CFM56-5 also require funding. Maximum weight 170,000kg Maximum payload 40,000kg Wingspan 50.5m length 46.6m height 14.8m Design life 10,000 cycles, 30,000h, 20years

Wingspan 37.4m length 35.9m height 10.2m Original design life 25,000 cycles 30,000h

Lockheed L-188 Electra

In all, 293 748s were produced between 1962 and 1989 by British Aerospace (and predecessors Hawker Siddeley and Avro) and a further Wingspan 30.2m length 31.8m height 9.8m 89 aircraft were manufactured under licence by HAL in India. The Andover military version, Original design life none set equipped with a rear cargo door was developed Average fleet age 4 1 years for the the Royal Air Force, with 31 delivered. All 748s are powered by two R-R Darts. One SHORT- RANGE TURBOPROPS hundred and forty-two 748s in service are pre(MORE THAN 20 SEATS) 1986 examples. Most of die Andovers have been sold to civil Aerospatiale (Nord) 2 6 2 Aerospatiale's predecessor Nord flew die first operators as freighters and are included in the example of the 262, then designated the MH- figures. 260, in July 1960 and in modified form in Maximum weight (Srs 2A) 21,100kg December 1962. The twin turboprop entered Accommodation 58 llyushin 11-18 First flown in July 1957, over 700 examples of service in 1965, with 111 were produced Wingspan 30m length 20.4m height 7.6m

The short/medium range Electra turboprop was first flown in December 1957 and entered service in January 1959. Powered by four •Allison 501 turboprops, the aircraft remained in production until" 1962, during which time 170 aircraft had been built. Fifty-four aircraft remain in existence, ofwhich 30 are active operating mainly as freighters. Zantop International has the largest fleet, with 10 aircraft. Lockheed Martin continues to provide technical support for the aircraft through its Marrietta plant. Operators report diat the aircraft is ageing well, with any structural problems being detected by inspection rather than failure. The aircraft is the only turboprop affected by the FAA's ageing aircraft programme. Maximum weight 52,660kg Accommodation 98

The ATR 42 had itsfirstflight in August 1984, and entered service in December 1985. Powered by the P&WC PW100 this 48-seat twin turboprop makes its debut in the census this year. Production continues of the model in current -500 form, along wirli the larger 64-72 seat ATR 72 model, which entered service in 1989. A total of 3 5 5 ATR 42s has been delivered, of which four are 15 years old. Maximum weight 18,600kg Accommodation 42-50 Wingspan 24.6m length 22.7m height 7.6m Original design life 70,000 cycles Average fleet age nine years
BAe (Avro/HS)/Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) 7 4 8