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AE2013

Raghav Jaswal

Comparison between Land-based and Carrier-borne aircraft

Assignment set by: Dr Alex Ellin Lecturer marking work: Dr Alex Ellin Module leader: Dr J Wang

Raghav Jaswal K1041079 Aerospace Engineering Design & Performance

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65 636 550.68 56.78 396895 552.05 7.75 95.7 2.4 2.3 2.4 4.33 93.2 3.2 23.4 4.16 560000 733.4 380.5 111.6 129.15 138.16 290.04 4400 259450 37500 10796 7755 11880 36741 Aircraft A320-200 A340-200 A380-800 B747-400ER B767-400ER B E3 Sentry Aermacchi MB-339 DC-10 Series 30 Antonov AN-72P Hawker Hunter BAE Hawk T MK1 Hawker Harrier FRS2 MD F-15E Page | 2 K1041079 .45 15193 294 575.7 98.79 218 63.5 Wing Loading Engine Thrust (kg/sq m) Thrust (kN) loading(kg/kN) MTO (kg) 600.1 845 541. Recording.AE2013 Raghav Jaswal This assignment requires the student to compare set of given aircrafts on the basis of power loading or commonly known as thrust loading and Wing loading.53 32.4 363.7 279.64 19.8 2. The following table shows the 13 set planes to be compared: Airbus A320-200 Airbus A340-200 Airbus A280-800 Boeing747 -400ER Boeing 767 -400ER Boeing E-3 Sentry Aermacchi MB-339 DC-10 Series 30 Antonov AN-72P Hawker Hunter BAE Hawk T Mk1 Hawker Haarier FRS2 MD F -15E Subsequently a general comparison of these aircrafts is as follow: Wing Area (m^2) 122.02 73500 698. observing and tabulating the results will show the comparison between these aircrafts and what specific features of the plane are the ways they are and what differentiates them from one another.69 18.52 3.42 16.74 45.5 17.3 367.06 8.18 3.04 2.6 333 464.1 156490 54.4 2.19 253500 662.

AE2013 Raghav Jaswal Page | 3 K1041079 .

The B747-400 being the one to have maximum wing loading. but yet again due to its role. not requiring mach or closer to mach speed the thrust loading in somewhat minimal. what this debriefs in that all the civil jets are made to carry maximum load possible but by compromising the thrust load. 2009-2010. Jane’s. so a large wing areas will relatively have more lift at a specific speed. wings generate lift by moving the air over the wing surface.AE2013 Raghav Jaswal Through the following graph we can see that how different aircrafts with different wing loadings co-relate. Jane's all the world's aircraft. an example of it is easily backed up by the fact NASA using 747 to carry one of its shuttles. 1989-90. Referencing John W. Jane’s 1995-1996. thus requiring withstanding mild G-forces. we know lift increases by square of velocity. However the Antonov AN-72P being a huge aircraft needs comparatively higher thrust force and parallel wing loading. DC-10 lie in the lower right region of the graph. 19751976. We can note from the graph above that B E3 sentry has low wing loading and thrust loading due to its usage as a force craft it carries limited amount of fuel and thus limiting its range. Page | 4 K1041079 . 1989-90. England: Jane's Information Group. Very similar is MD F-15E with such similar role but lowered forces. The A320 being a rather smaller and lighter aircraft requires less wing loading and has a somewhat higher thrust. therefore any aircraft with a lower wing loading can take off and land at lower speeds and take-off or land with bigger load. 1995 – 1996. Larger the wing hence move more air. Jane's all the world's aircraft. Speed is also a factor here. A complete inverse to the earlier craft is the Harrier Hawker FRS2 with a fighter role and due to such role in the force it requires higher thrust loading to acquire supersonic speeds and due to its high speed maneuvers the wings experience a lot of load on the wings. 1982 – 1983. R Taylor (1989-2011). R Taylor (1989). So from all the values what we can see that. lower the wing loading. Jane’s. Jane’s 2010-2011. . 11 – 12. John W. London. A380. Jane’s 1991-1992. B747-400. London: Jane's Information Group. Jane’s. The Hawker hunter requiring low thrust loading but higher wing loading due to its role as an aerobatic aircraft. so twice the speed four times the lift. Aermacchi MB-339 and BAE Hawk T MK1 pretty much lie in same category but with different wing loading yet again due to its need to withstand heavy G-forces. From the graph it’s fairly easy to note that all the civil jets such as A320-200. Talking about maneuverability we can easily see that higher the wing loading lower the maneuverability. so therefore to push something twice the speed you need four times the power. subsequently the aircraft doesn’t require carrying a lot of load or either travel fast. less power needed to push the weight. Jane’s.