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Basic mobile phone repair tutorial

Section phone repair knowledge 1, fault classification 1, caused the causes of cell phone (1), the menu settings failure: failure is not, strictly speaking, if no calls are perhaps for the owner to set up call forwarding; play no phone is set up outbound throttling. The baffling problem, first with total reset. (2), using failure: improper operation generally refers to the user, dislocation caused by adjustment. More common are the following categories: 1), mechanical damage. As the operation or method of application of excessive force is not correct, resulting in mobile devices rupture, deformation, and the module pin loose weld failures and other causes. In addition, flip off axis, the antenna was broken and thrown split casing, water, broken screen, also belong to this type of failure. 2) improper use. When using the phone's keypad keys with the nail tip will cause the keyboard touch bare ground or even fall off; with bad cell phone charger will damage the internal charging circuit; even cause the accident; on the phone menu for illegal operation of certain functionality is turned off, the phone is not working; error led to SIM card password locked, the blind try to create self-locking SIM card protection. 3) improper maintenance. Cell phones are very sophisticated high-tech electronic products, use should be noted that in the dry, the temperature suitable for the use and storage environment. 4), the quality of failure. Some parallel imports of mobile phones is through consolidation, converted, quality underground. Although some phones are digital phones, but does not meet the GSM standard, can not be used. 2, fault classification (1) does not dismantle the phone only to see its appearance from the mobile phone failure, can be divided into three categories: 1) The first one is not working, including the power supply can not turn connected to the phone and press the power switch without any reaction; 2) The second is not completely boot, press the handset switch current can be detected, but no switch machine normal reminder: if key lighting, display lights all bright, display, character information display with ringer After the start tone adopted by such self-test; 3) The third is to boot, but the failure of some functions, such as the buttons do not show unusual, silent, do not send it. (2) open the phone, from a few core terms of its failure, also can be divided into three categories: 1) The first part of the supply charge and power failures; 2) The second for the mobile phone software fault; 3) The third part of the fault for the mobile transceiver. Between the three types of failure was inextricably linked, For example: impact of mobile phone software, power supply systems, send and receive path phaselocked loop circuit, the transmit power level control, send and receive time-synchronous control channel, and send and receive access to reference crystal oscillator has to provide software for mobile phones running the clock signal. (To be continued, following more useful!) Assignment: In the daily maintenance, to understand what factors lead to damage to the role? To understand the damage factors, should we do? Second, the failure characteristics of common electronic components Whether the breakdown of natural wear and tear or damage arising from man-made failures, generally attributed to the circuit contacts open, damage to electronic components and software failures of three failures. Contacts open, if it is a broken wire, disconnect the plug aside, poor contact, etc., generally easier to repair them. Damage electronic components, (except obviously burned and fever), often difficult with observers found that in many cases, have to rely on instruments to detect judge, so the maintenance staff, the first essential to understand the various devices effectiveness of the characteristics of this circuit fault for the maintenance, increase maintenance efficiency is extremely important, the following give some common characteristics of effective electronic components.

such as repair your phone. transistor Breakdown. break something on the phone can be observed in the case the obvious mechanical damage. wind welding components and . Root resist the previous observation. linked suppliers and other faults. if not in time. The components have been invalid for exchange. transistors. voltage regulator. capacitor Divided into two polarized electrolytic capacitors with non-polarized electrolytic capacitors. parameter change bad. But for different models. revised. thinking. inductors damage characteristics and failure caused by the phenomenon. thinking. 1. thought. age and the situation. Easily be puncture. causing the entire unit circuit not working properly. as users must first understand some basic information. resistance Under normal circumstances. 2. 3. diode (rectifier. and mostly poor welding parts. Operation: 1. used their service experience. different faults. resistance becomes larger or smaller. such as the cause of the failure process and the reasons for the use of cell phones. loose weld. The water and power supply caused by mobile phones have in common. comprehensive analysis. such inquiries should be further face police attention and be thought to be clues. water in the phone. resistors. fault movement in the case in many parts of the mechanical stress combined with near. see. reverse resistance becomes smaller. 5. IC Generally localized damage. the sound is intermittent phenomena such as initial assessment levy failure. Electrolytic capacitor's effectiveness features are: short-circuit breakdown. and finally to maintenance programs. look at the green machine status indication LED lights are flashing. volume situation. open. squeezing the damaged cell phones have in common fault. hand touch can touch the surface temperature of the high and low. power supply circuit. capacitors. 6. the call to allocate time information display. etc. 4. Wide variety of mobile phones will inevitably encounter a number of their previous contact with the new model or models on the market less to see light of the specific models should be carried out. prone to software failure memory. Mainly for power amplifiers. the control of specific experience on the maintenance of books about integrated circuits. the resistance of the real efficiency is relatively low. there will be no boot or after boot can not access. integrated circuits and certain components. 2. short circuit. Effectiveness of resistance effects are: loose soldering. open circuit. the role of resistance in the circuit very important in some circuits. and other chips sometimes occur Weld. hear. broken Do not blindly carry out maintenance tests and be demolished power. As doctor visits. 4. serious leakage. LED. must be asked. the temperature characteristic variation. may wonder whether current or overloading. The analysis of thinking. welding. asked. The Promise of the effectiveness of capacitance characteristics are: short circuit or loose soldering breakdown. Troubleshooting steps Mobile phone no matter what type of fault. using the necessary measurements. listen. Weld and so caused. power amplifier chip easily damaged. 3. Can be repair mobile phone voice quality. touch. transistors. And fall.1. open to larger forward resistance. leakage effects serious or resistance. voltage-controlled oscillator ) problems. the capacity is decreased or the circuit. can not hear other sounds. inductor Effectiveness characteristics are: break. the resistance will change in the static transistor operating point changes. 5. Above that are all the major components. in the corresponding part of the movement is the key of the inspected part. 3. combined with the observed phenomena levy failure to provide ideas for further diagnosis. was oxidized over time. see. For the new phones because of defects in production process. 6. touch. such as breakdown. combined with the specific principle of the circuit. . different maintenance methods for the six phases of time is different. the data collected. there are also external components such as quartz crystal FET can not be ignored in the maintenance of the particular vulnerability of the crystal by the vibration and high-power devices (amplifiers. such as hot. the six stages of repair. you can roughly judge the experience base fault location. leakage current increases. variable volume). However.

if there is no flip. after first understand hands. two mobile phones. can largely determine the scope and cough can fault failure of components. the boot power up to hit the amp output voltage regulator source file to see the power of the output is not the appropriate number of standby current. First power supply. the source of the output regulator and the battery should be transferred to the same value. do not even know the meaning of phone status indicators: traffic lights that flash alternately calls. Block with the alligator clip to find the positive and negative battery terminal. with or without obvious cracks. . Operation: 1. then special. Repair cell phones do not use the phone. can be simply restored to the original mobile phone becomes complicated. direct determination. call forwarding. the first not to rush into action. (3) after the first power machine. and can largely determine the machine's fault. After the first simple complicated. software. defects. if not. Every phone IMEI code and the name of MSN codes like mobile phones. you can find some fault clues. easy things first. write a daily diary maintenance. so that the error does not occur when the handover. 8V. it must first ask fault phenomena. 2V. the source of the power supply voltage regulator circuit in series with high-precision multimeter. 6V. First and last stage. if the hand does it feel hot. together with regulators source. other ask what the machine is not water. automatic timing. (8) control the operation method of mobile phone for repairs. as the same as repairing a car will not drive a car. changing vibrations. do not repair phones when the user's face. not some maintenance experience. Can check amplifier. but each failure mechanism may occur much difference. life is about how much use.circuit boards. Record failure to repair in order to clear objectives. no display. the service area flashing red light. the general process of mobile phone repair 1. check IMEI code. word by direct observation. green light flash within the scope of services. the maintenance process When receiving the fault plane should be done in accordance with the following procedures: (1). 3. the machine's display and modification of years on very strange. memories you go in the maintenance of the roundabout. MSN code. (5) after the first and last class before the class. such as integrated circuits work. and some maintenance personnel on the operation of mobile phones is very vague on change ringing. In the above inspection. should not result in a high temperature. Observed up to only disassemble in order to prevent tension caused by operator error. after the former level. do you think these methods help you repair it? 6) record failure. then the cell phone circuit of leakage. antenna folded. is built on the basis of past experience. telephone directory function. The failure observed with the eyes no longer detected by other means. have taken place in other No. note the voltage regulated power supply voltage with a multimeter to file to the correction. so that between users and maintenance personnel have a certain determination. the time and what happened anomalies. 4. Get a machine for repairs. (10) carefully observe the circuit board. common problem after the machine first. the keyboard bald. Assignment: 1. (2) After the prosperity of Simple. so as to efficiently and quickly lay the groundwork for repairs. in the maintenance. Look in the boot before the power output is not 0MA. in asking about the process of failure. memories you go in the maintenance of the roundabout. it is easy to fault did not discharge the old results in new. application of these methods? Please be combined with practical thinking. For an excellent maintenance technicians. IMEI code. the last ten phone numbers display. To replace the power supply regulated power supply. Operation can be adjusted out of the menu functions. 6V or other value. then there must be trouble. leakage. Types of faults do not forget to boot. are not effective. (11) plus electricity. (4) common problem after the first special. dropping more than ten species. we can determine the initial internal short circuit phenomenon. Observe the appearance of cell phones. 7. do you think these methods help you repair it? 2. easy things first. water. (9) did not fully grasp. Fourth. (7) records phone models to be repair. However. (This section to be continued) Key words: first after the hands-on understanding. if not. it is impossible from the hardware maintenance solutions. falls. Operation: 1.

SIM card. machinery for how long. often to disassemble. think about how to solve the problem of taking those bends: no fix and do not be discouraged. (13) check to receive access. should clarify its structure and location of components and accessories. The daily maintenance log as is the doctor's case histories. (17) in the correct order of removal. whether repaired. when installed does not appear in the final dislocation. (18) record maintenance log. Repairs. check the phenomenon of what. displays and other pathways. Disassemble all the time clear screw fittings to connect position. how repair.(12) to check the power path. what a day closing machinery. (14) to check input and output port. Do not repaired excited. have recorded. ringing. . (16) points with a heat gun repair welding Weld. In disassemble. analyze why there is no fix is found no cause of the malfunction? Can not be resolved or what? Later faced with this problem how do? This is a good way to improve self-learning. keyboards. (15) Charles emission pathway.