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Is it Ethical to Breach the Privacy and System Security of Firm for personal gain?
Dr. Gurparkash Singh
Submitted by: Vikas Sharma Roll # 501104027
Assistant Professor LMTSOM, Thapar University, Patiala
Date & Time of Submission: 03rd October, 2012, 1700 Hrs Word Count: 1289 Words
.Introduction The scenario is all about Jai an IT analyst working for a big multi-national software development firm. It was his fate he lost money in the share market which led him to the crisis. He suffered with huge financial losses due to diminishing economic conditions and loss of employment of his wife. CIO: The interest of CIO lies in the welfare of the firm by using less resources as he warn Jai by letting him know that he is lucky enough to have job. he had a talk with CIO of the firm by which he didn’t have an expected response according to him. for this he want to do anything like he hacked the human resource and payroll system to find amount of remuneration of his colleagues and then he want to sell the new patent of the firm to make money irrespective of the loss of firm. to which he was going to sell in the market to make money so that he can provide roof to his family. This situation pushed him to play with the firms Human Resource & Payroll System to gain insight on the level of remuneration earned by his colleagues which was done through unethical means like hacking. now his interest is to make money to have shelter for his family. as 100’s of programmer and IT staff have been laid-off. Now he again hacked the system for Product design and steals the vital information regarding a new patent. with no shelter to his family of 4 (2 children). 2. He was surprised to find that top level executives and CEO. CIO were earning 200 to 400 times more as compared to his salary. Here my aim is to study this scenario properly and on the basis of that some ethical issues are identified and evaluated with the help of Utilitarian and Social Contract Theories discussed ahead. which made him further distressed. Jai: Jai had lost his everything due to economical crisis. Key Actors: Directly involved 1) Jai 2) CIO Indirectly Involved 1) Family (Wife and 2 Children) 2) Firm 3) Colleagues The above actors have varied different interests as explained below: 1.
It starts with you . we wind up with consequentialism. founded by Jeremy Bentham. reputation. whether on or off duty. One type of consequentialism is utilitarianism. This ‘useful’ value can be something like happiness. The main mission of any organisation is that all its business is conducted with the highest legal and ethical standards. Evaluation of Scenario – Utilitarian Theory We don’t always have to focus on actions.your attitude. tampering or collapse by unauthorized activities or untrustworthy individuals and unplanned events respectively. (Fernando. Jai sells the program in the market 2. Possible courses of action: 1. that could cause embarrassment or disrepute to the company. We can also focus on consequences. the consequences of actions are measured against one value. 2009) The name of utilitarianism is derived from the Latin ‘utilis’. 2) Avoid potential conflict of interest and personal gain or any appearance of a conflict or impropriety. If we do this. its management and its officers. regardless of their position in any organisation: 1) Assure that all actions and behaviours promote the favourable image of the company. Jai does not sell the program in the market. Ethical Issues Jai breached the system security of the firm by hacking the systems for his own interest and thereafter going beyond the professional conduct he steals the vital information regarding new patent of the firm which results in the privacy issues of the firm. welfare or pleasure. which further he was going to sell those paten for his personal gain. . System Security and Privacy System security means the collective processes and mechanisms by which sensitive and valuable information and services are protected from publication. In utilitarianism. administration and operations of all the affairs of the company and avoid any conduct.Professional conduct Professional conduct starts before you enter the employer's door. Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude them or information about themselves and thereby reveal them selectively. The following standards are or may be expected to be maintained by all employees. It should be maximized. 3) Promote the integrity. meaning ‘useful’. It starts before you begin to look for a job.
Jai does not sell the program in the market Jai Unhappy Jai would be unhappy as he would not be able to provide a roof for his family. Hence the utilitarian theory says that selling the program would be unethical. on the condition that others follow those rules as well. by doing so he would be violating profession conduct of employment and also the privacy of the company’s vital information regarding new patent. Looking at the above evaluation we can say that Jai’s action is causing more unhappiness than happiness. Jai sells the program in the market Jai Happy Raj gets chance to make money and he would be able to provide shelter and meet the end needs of his family. Thus the net happiness or the utility is low 2. Colleagues Unhappy His colleagues would have fear of losing of their jobs as firm would get fewer assignments as compared to competitors so colleagues would be unhappy. Looking at the above evaluation a greater happiness is resulting from this action of Jai. Firm Happy Privacy of the firm is maintained with higher profits Colleagues Happy Employees would be happy as there would be no fear of losing their jobs. CIO. Family Unhappy Family would be unhappy they have to strive hard for their end needs and CIO Happy CIO would be happy as the firm meets its goals and strategies as formed without any loss of information. and the other colleagues who are greater in number remain unhappy. that rational people will agree to accept. Evaluation of Scenario – Social Contract Theory According to the social contract theory as per James Rachel’s: “Morality consists in the set of rules.” (Addison-Wesley. governing how people are to treat one another. . for their mutual benefit. Firm Unhappy The firm will meet with the financial loss as there idea would no longer be unique and the privacy of the firm will not be maintained so they would be unhappy. so he would be unhappy as his job would be at stake for any kind of information stealing.1. 2011) (Classnotes. Two of all are happy including Jai but the entire Firm. 2012) In this scenario Jai would not act ethical if he would sell the program to the other firm for his personal benefits. CIO Unhappy CIO in IT firm is one who is responsible for information. Family Happy Being in economic and financial crisis now they again would have house to live in so she would be happy.
Pearson Publications. Bibliography Addison-Wesley. A. . Inc. Business Ethics: An Indian Perspective. Classnotes. In Introduction to Ethics (pp. Patiala: Vikas Sharma. It would be an ethical decision for him. (2012). Fernando. (2011). 69-75). (2009). He should keep doing his job fairly. Chapter 2. Pearson Education.Conclusion: After evaluating the scenario by using Utilitarian and Social Contract Theory I come to the conclusion that Jai’s action and behaviour would not promote for favourable image of the firm and by selling the program for his personal gain would not be ethical so he should not violate the privacy of his firm and maintain the security of the information of the firm.
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