Biology 413

Midterm Study Guide

Name:
Date:

Define the term “biology”
Identify the tools used in biology:

___________________

___________________________

_________________________

Define the following:
Hypothesis:
Theory:
Independent Variable:
Dependent Variable:
Metric Conversion:
Compare using >, <, or =.
80 cm ________620 mm

4 km __________325m

Complete the missing steps of the Scientific Method.
a. Observation
b.
c.
d. Do the experiment
e.
f. Draw conclusions
g.

3km _______________3000m

Briefly answer the following questions.
1. What is the purpose of a control setup in a scientific experiment?
2. What is the difference between a stereomicroscope and a light microscope?

Label the parts on the microscope diagram.

Identify the following elements from the periodic table.
Cu_______________

Fe_________________

Na ___________________

Mg_______________

Au_________________

Pb____________________

Identify the six characteristics of all living things:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Define the following cell parts:
a. Ribosome
b. Cell Membrane
c. Cell Wall
d. Chloroplast
e. Lysosome
f. Nucleus
g. Endoplasmic Reticulum
h. Mitochondria
i. Cytoplasm
Fill in the blanks to the three parts of the cell theory:
1. All ___________________

_________________ are made of _____________________________.

2. __________________are the most _____________ ___________________
of all ____________________ ___________________________.
3. All ____________________________ come from other _____________________________________

All cells have what three parts?
1.
2.
3.
Label the following ph scale with the terms basic, neutral, and acidic.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

Identify the following items as acidic, basic, or neutral.
1. Cabbage Juice_______________________

3. Water _______________________________

2. Orange Juice ________________________

4. Milk ________________________________

Matching.
Acids
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
Polymer

carbohydrates
macrooxygen
proteins

carbon
monomer
polyocto-

1. This prefix that means “many” ___________________________________________.
2. A single or individual unit of a macromolecule _____________________________________________.
3. The scientific word for fats and oils ______________________________________________________.
4. The name of the information carrying molecule ____________________________________________.
5. The term that means the opposite of micro ________________________________________________.
6. This substance is known as the “element of life” ____________________________________________.
7. The class of molecules that make up hair, muscle, and feathers ________________________________.
8. This class of molecules is made up of sugars and starches _____________________________________.
9. A molecule that is made of smaller individual units called monomers ___________________________.

Label the following diagram .

Fill in the blank for the following statements.
1. _______________________________means “attracts water”.
2. The cell membrane is made of two different types of molecules ________________________and
_______________________________.
3. The cell membrane keeps some materials out and permits other materials in the cell. This is called
_____________________________________.
4. The random movement of fluid from an area of high concentration to low concentration is
__________________________________.
5. _______________________________means “afraid of water”.
Define the following vocabulary terms.
1. Endocytosis
2. Exocytosis
3. Autotrophs
4. Heterotrophs
Short answer response.
1. In your own words, explain why biologists (and biology students) study macromolecules? Consider
how they connect with cells and living things.

2. Why do they mist produce at the grocery store?
3. Explain what is meant by the green food web and the brown food web.

4. What is the difference between producers and consumers?

Label the following formulas:
Photosynthesis

Cellular Respiration

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