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Malaysia Malaysias food industry is rich in terms of tropical and agricultural resources reflecting diverse cultures in Malaysian society

Malay, Chinese and Indian, have resulted in a fascinating range of processed food with an Asian twist. Increasing consumer awareness in nutrition value and food fortification for healthcare has created the demand for functional/healthy minimally processed fresh food, organic food and natural food flavors from plants and seafood. The Malaysian food and beverage market is becoming increasingly sophisticated and is supplied by both local and imported products. The strong economic growth in the late 80's and early 90's contributed to major changes in consumer purchases and consumption patterns. Malaysians living in urban areas are relatively brand conscious, and they prefer to shop in stores, which offer them convenience and good product selections. Lifestyle changes have led to an increase in the demand for convenience food and health food. The food processing industry is predominantly Malaysian-owned. In Malaysia, the food industry is dominated by small and medium scale companies. The major sub-sectors are the fish and fish products, livestock and livestock products, fruits, vegetables and cocoa. In line with the governments emphasis on the agriculture sector, the processed food and beverages industry had become an important component of the agro-based industry.

Structure of Retail

The structure of the retailers of can roughly be divided into three parts: 1) Provision and grocery stores, 2) Supermarkets/ hypermarkets and department stores 3) Convenient stores and petrol station stores Malaysia has a large and growing food retail market that is supplied by local and imported products. The current total retail sales of food and beverages are estimated at US$11 billion. The forecast for this sector is likely to grow by around 10% per annum over the next three to five years. Malaysian households spend an average 24% of their household income on retail purchase of foods. Due to rising affluence and higher education level, Malaysian consumers have become more sophisticated and demand higher quality for the goods that they purchased19. Historic high growth categories included meal replacement products, frozen processed food, soup, canned/preserved foods, baby food, pasta and dairy products. The forecast for growth in this market has also been reported. By the year 2014, the retail sales in the packaged food market in Malaysia is expected to reach US$4.6 billion, a growth rate of nearly 4.5%, or US$201 million. Products in the

forecast for high growth include most of the same as the historic rates and are complimented by include snack bars, ice cream and bakery products20. Source: Euromonitor International

Production of Packaged food Production Volume (in 1000 tons) Type 2009 2010 Baby Food Bakery 259.8 263.4 Canned/ 86.6 88.7 Preserve d Food Chilled 5.3 5.4 Processe d Food Confecti 29.3 29.8 onery Dairy Dried 818.9 848.8 Processe d Food Frozen 37.6 38.7 Processe d Food Ice 44.1 45.2 Cream Meal 0.8 0.8 Replace ment Noodles 104.7 109.3 Oils and 699.8 713.8 Fats Pasta 1.5 1.6 Ready 6.4 6.6 Meals Sauces, 77.5 79.7 Dressing s and Condime nts Snack 0.2 0.2 Bars Soup 2.6 2.7 Spreads 10.3 10.6 Sweet 31.1 31.9 and Sales Volume in mln RM Growth 2009 2010 n.a. 1218.3 1316 1.39% 2.42% 2406.5 902.5 2463.3 931.2

Growth 8.02% 2.36% 3.18%





1.71% n.a. 3.65%

894.3 2891.4 2794.1

917.5 3006.2 2991.7

2.59% 3.97% 7.07%





2.49% 0.00%

534.8 130.9

548.6 142

2.58% 8.48%

4.39% 2.00% 6.67% 3.12% 2.84%

939.9 2223.5 11.2 101 1158.4

1044 2281.6 12.6 105 1192.9

11.08% 2.61% 12.50% 3.96% 2.98%

0.00% 3.85% 2.91% 2.57%

7.2 49.2 129.7 603.7

7.7 51.8 134.7 623.2

6.94% 5.28% 3.86% 3.23%

Svoury Snacks Impuls and Indulgen ce Products Nutrition / Staples Meal Solutions Package d Food





209.6 -

215.3 -

n.a. 2.72% n.a.

10256 2836.5 16666.3

10759.3 2928.6 17357.2

4.91% 3.25% 4.15%

Source: Euromonitor International Malaysian Import of Processed Food 2009

Source: GAIN Report Number: MY0016


Export of Processe d Food and Beverage

22 21 20 19 18 17 16 Total

Year 2006





%Chang e 10/09

$287,380,848 $305,550,266 $69,743,466 $404,042,059 $567,925,529 $135,803,576 $126,037,083 $1,896,482,827

$390,718,583 $386,830,469 $86,527,604 $483,923,624 $757,236,147 $190,713,238 $129,743,884 $2,425,693,549

$416,089,473 $514,797,743 $111,623,253 $701,715,310 $1,002,713,410 $134,971,494 $152,035,968 $3,033,946,651

$419,162,518 $541,856,216 $106,983,938 $688,539,326 $917,620,042 $142,148,479 $138,056,555 $2,954,367,074

$557,172,516 $722,888,306 $141,553,711 $822,348,566 $1,302,521,485 $254,064,590 $153,883,351 $3,954,432,525

33% 33% 32% 19% 42% 79% 11% 34%

16 Preparation of meat, fish, crustaceans, etc 17 Sugars & sugar confectionery 18 Cocoa & Cocoa preparations 19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk 20 Preparations of vegetables, fruits, nuts, etc. 21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 22 Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar Strategies and Policies for the Food Processing Industry Targets During the IMP3 period, 2006-2020, the food processing industry will be expanded and diversified towards making Malaysia a regional food production and distribution hub, with particular emphasis on halal foods. Greater initiatives on total factor productivity (TFP) growth will be undertaken to strengthen the competitiveness of the industry. These include upgrading human resource and technology, enhancing R&D, undertaking the production and export of high value-added and niche products, and adopting quality standards. Targets have been set on investments and exports for the industry: -total investments in the industry at RM24.6 billion for the entire IMP3 period, or RM1.6 billion per annum; and -exports to grow at an average annual rate of 7.8 per cent to reach RM24.2 billion by 2020

STRATEGIC THRUSTS To meet the targets, seven strategic thrusts have been set: 1) ensuring the availability of the supply of raw materials; 2) expanding and diversifying food processing activities and promoting the growth of the targeted areas; 3) enhancing sectoral linkages and support services; 4) intensifying R&D; 5) enhancing the competitiveness of and increasing the export of Malaysian food products in the regional and international markets; 6) strengthening human resource development (HRD); and 7) Strengthening the institutional support and delivery system for the further development and promotion of the industry (1) ENSURING THE AVAILABILITY OF THE SUPPLY OF RAW MATERIALS 1.03 During the IMP3 period, the production of food commodities is expected to grow at an average rate of 7.6 per cent per annum. Towards achieving the growth target in production, the Government will continue to promote modern and large scale farming to increase the supply of locally available raw materials, through new land development, replanting, land consolidation and rehabilitation, and productivity improvement. In respect of the supply of fish, the existing fish landing complex in Tanjung Manis, Sarawak, will be further developed into an integrated deep sea fishing complex. The policy to allow imports of raw materials duty-free for the food processing industry will be continued. This is to ensure that the industry is able to source raw materials at competitive prices. The private sector, including agriculture-based Government-linked companies (GLCs), will be encouraged to expand and undertake outward investments in resource rich countries, to supplement and secure the supply of raw materials, on a long term basis, for downstream processing. (2) EXPANDING AND DIVERSIFYING FOOD PROCESSING ACTIVITIES AND PROMOTING THE GROWTH OF THE TARGETED AREAS Food processing companies will be encouraged to expand and diversify their product range in the targeted growth areas: - convenience foods, with a focus on the growing niche market for ethnic foods; - functional foods, focusing on developing products using Malaysias traditional herbs;

- food ingredients; and - halal foods. Measures to encourage investments in the industry and related services include: reviewing the present incentives and facilities to promote a shift towards higher value added food production; and encouraging the establishment of regional production and distribution facilities. Related support services will be further developed and promoted to meet the increasing requirements of the industry, including: - laboratory services for chemical testing, microbiology testing, testing of compounds, nutritional labelling and traceability testing; - auditing services for companies applying for the HACCP certification; and - integrated logistics, including efficient and cost effective cold chain facilities, warehousing, packaging and bulk breaking of raw materials. (3) ENHANCING SECTORAL LINKAGES AND SUPPORT SERVICES 1.07 Linkages between the food-based industry with other related industries and support services will be strengthened, including encouraging: - local manufacturers of machinery and equipment to collaborate with the food-based industry to customise their machinery and equipment; and - the packaging industry to collaborate with the food processing manufacturers, in keeping pace with advances in technologies, to meet rising consumer expectations and new lifestyles, in terms of convenience and aesthetics. (4) INTENSIFYING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Food manufacturers will be encouraged to: undertake research, on their own or in collaboration with research institutes, in product development, to keep pace with changing consumer tastes and preferences; commercialise R&D findings of public research institutes, such as MARDI and Malaysian Cocoa Board; leverage upon emerging technologies, such as biotechnology and nanotechnology, to develop new products and improve the technology in food processing; and develop centres of excellence for biotechnology-based food production and processing. Technologies which will be enhanced include: - integrating product and process designs to improve cost and quality, and reduce the time-tomarket requirement; - food preservation and packaging technologies, by incorporating food safety and sanitation practices for foods which undergo minimum processing and food products which do not use preservatives; - extraction and purification technologies, including the application of biotechnology, to obtain bioactive substances for food ingredients. Processes such as heat, fermentation, mechanical compression and immersion, will be further developed; and - efficacy analysis and standardisation, which are important in the processing of functional foods and food ingredients. (5) ENHANCING COMPETITIVENESS AND INCREASING EXPORTS Measures will be undertaken to promote Malaysias image as a source of supply of safe and quality food products: promoting Malaysias halal certification, based on MS1500:2004, as the premium standard in the world market for the production, preparation, handling and storage of halal foods;

ensuring the entire supply chain, from farm to plate, complies with the halal requirements; establishing a one-stop centre to facilitate the compliance on food safety and quality; and encouraging the industry to adopt a self-regulatory approach in meeting the requirements on safety and quality.

Measures will be undertaken to enhance the competitiveness of and exports of Malaysian foods: developing a specific theme for recipe-based ethnic food products, such as Malaysia - The Tastes of Asia and Malaysia - The Truly Asian Kitchen; developing programmes with Tourism Malaysia to promote Malaysian foods overseas; enhancing the role of MATRADE in promoting agro-based products; making available Malaysian agricultural specialists in selected countries having high market potential, to promote agriculture produce and agrobased food products; encouraging strategic partnerships with companies overseas with strong marketing networks; encouraging branding and product differentiation by nurturing the development and promotion of indigenous brands, as well as encouraging local companies to acquire known brands in overseas market, through mergers and acquisitions (M&As); promoting the establishment of Malaysian food outlets and restaurants overseas; enhancing the access into market information using ICT, as well as encouraging the trading of food products through e-commerce; encouraging food-based cluster development, which will involve the provision of comprehensive services and facilities to improve the efficiency and reduce the costs of production. This will include the establishment of integrated halal hubs in Kedah, Perlis, Seberang Prai in Pulau Pinang, northern Perak and Pahang, and the development of a new biotechnology centre and a beef valley in Negeri Sembilan; encouraging outward investments in cost competitive locations to sustain the competitive edge of local food manufacturers; and strengthening the existing support programmes to facilitate the application of modern processing technologies, innovative packaging and branding.

(6) STRENGTHENING HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT HRD will be strengthened in the following areas to support the growth of the industry and enhance productivity: Encouraging the industry to collaborate with universities and training institutes to produce the required workforce to support new technologies in areas such as product and process design integration, food preservation, packaging, extraction and product development. In addition, collaboration will include the development of joint apprenticeship programmes; encouraging universities and training institutes to expand their courses to produce the required expertise, such as food technologists, biotechnologists, application specialists and analytical chemists; and improving the knowledge and training in GMP and HACCP (7) STRENGTHENING THE INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT AND DELIVERY SYSTEM Measures will be undertaken to enhance the institutional support for the further development of the industry:

- strengthening the advisory and promotional roles of the Food Safety and Quality Division of the Ministry of Health to improve the food safety and quality standards of the industry, especially among the SMEs; - strengthening the enforcement on compliance with food regulations. The public sector food testing facilities will be expanded, in tandem with the increasing demand for health certification by the industry; and - enhancing the role of MARDI in R&D of value-added products, as well as collaboration with the industry. The R&D facilities of the institute will be expanded to accommodate the expected demand for research in product development. Under the RMK-9, Halal Industry Development Board will be established, with the lead role of developing and promoting the halal industry. In respect of improving the delivery system, measures which will be undertaken include: - the Government continuing to collaborate with trade, industry and consumer associations in providing a comprehensive education programme on food safety and quality. This will contribute towards inculcating a culture of food hygiene, safety and quality among the manufacturers and distributors; and - establishing an on-line food industry portal which will, among others, provide comprehensive information to industry on the various support programmes provided by the Government and facilitate the flow of information among various Government agencies involved in providing services and granting the necessary approvals to the industry, for example, approvals for health and halal certifications. Assistance programmes will be provided to support the industry in complying with standards and undertaking R&D. Areas of assistance include: - renovation and plant re-design, to enable food manufacturers to comply with safety and quality standards, especially for HACCP and halal certifications; and - technology development up-scaling by public sector research institutes to assess the viability of R&D projects for commercialisation. Source: Ministry of International Trade and Industry

Ninth Malaysia Plan, 2006-2010 Strengthening Agriculture & Agro-based Industry

New agriculture with focus on total value chain development: To increase value added Expanding agro-based activities To be Net exporter of food products Strengthen marketing and rolling out farm accreditation schemes and product safety and standards Developing agricultural and agro based entrepreneurs as well as SMEs

Institutional Support for promotion of Food processing sector

Ministry of Entrepreneur and Co-operative Development (MECD) One District One Industry Programme (SDSI) developing and commercialising a product or service distinctive of a particular district. Adopt clustering method to mobilise and support the whole value chain ranging from the supply of raw materials and production to distribution and marketing. Similar to OTOP (Thailand) & OVOP (Japan)

Malaysian Agricultural and Development Institute (MARDI) MARDI responsible to conduct R&D in food processing industry and its related support subsector (packaging, machinery, etc.) The major thrusts of research areas Food Processing and Product Development Food Science and Biotechnology Food Packaging and Handling Food Safety Federal Agricultural Marketing Authority (FAMA) Undertake supervision, coordination, regulation and improvement of the marketing of agricultural products. organises marketing activities, set targets and product standards, monitor performance, develop marketing strategies and tools Services available : Marketing Contract Development of Marketing Infrastructure Entrepreneur Development Market Control and Extension Marketing Information Branding Promotion Small and Medium Industry Development Corporation (SMIDEC) promotes the development of SME in the manufacturing and services sector. provides financial assistance and development programmes to SME in accessing their markets, financing, technological capabilities, information and communication technologies and skill training. Source: Small and Medium Industry Development Corporation, Malaysia