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Jobs holding a white iPhone 4 at Worldwide Developers Conference 2010
Steven Paul Jobs February 24, 1955 San Francisco, California, U.S.
October 5, 2011 (aged 56) Palo Alto, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Reed College (dropped out)
Co-founder, Chairman and CEO, Apple Inc. Co-founder and CEO,
Pixar Founder and CEO, NeXT Inc.
Edwin H. Land
Board member of
The Walt Disney Company Apple Inc.
Zen Buddhism (previouslyLutheran)
Laurene Powell (1991–2011, his death)
Lisa Brennan-Jobs Reed Jobs Erin Jobs Eve Jobs
Mona Simpson (sister)
Steven Paul "Steve" Jobs (/ˈdʒɒbz/; February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011)
was an American entrepreneur
inventor best known as the co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Apple Inc. Through Apple, he was  widely recognized as a charismatic pioneer of the personal computer revolution and for his influential career in the computer and consumer electronics fields. Jobs also co-founded and served as chief executive of Pixar Animation Studios; he became a member of the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company in 2006, when Disney acquired Pixar. In the late 1970s, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak engineered one of the first commercially successful lines of personal computers, the Apple II series. Jobs was among the first to see the commercial potential of Xerox PARC's mouse-driven graphical user interface, which led to the creation of the Apple Lisa and, one year later,  the Macintosh. By introducing the LaserWriter he enabled a revolution called desktop publishing.
and iPad. iTunes Store and the App Store. and on  the services side. and  the NeXTSTEP platform became the foundation for the Mac OS X. Jobs resigned in August that year. iPhone. underwent a liver transplant in 2009. and a "design perfectionist".4 Return to Apple 3.5 Resignation 4 Business life o o o 4. Though it was initially treated. a "master of innovation". He died of respiratory arrest related to his metastatic tumor on October 5.4 Inventions and designs 4.  He has widely been referred to as "legendary".3. and appeared progressively thinner as his health  declined. and was elected Chairman of the Board. he reported a hormone imbalance. Gil Amelio turned to NeXT Computer. and propelled Apple to become the world's  most valuable publicly traded company in 2011. Jobs brought Apple from near bankruptcy to profitability by 1998.1 Wealth 4. In 2003. He served as CEO and 50. 2011. and has been described as    the "Father of the Digital Revolution". Jobs was diagnosed with a pancreas neuroendocrine tumor.1% majority shareholder until Disney bought Pixar in 2006. He was credited in Toy Story (1995) as an  executive producer. which was spun off as Pixar. a "futurist" or simply "visionary". As the new CEO of the company. the company's Apple Retail Stores. By 1996. Contents [hide] 1 Early life and education 2 Early career 3 Career o o o o o 3. Jobs returned to Apple as an advisor. iPod. Jobs left Apple and founded NeXT. he acquired the  computer graphics division of Lucasfilm. On medical leave for most of 2011.1 Apple Computer 3. The reinvigoration of the company is regarded by many  commentators as one of the greatest turnarounds in business history.2 Stock options backdating issue 4.2 NeXT Computer 3. and joined the Board of Directors as the largest individual shareholder.3 Management style o 4. In 1986. iTunes.1 Apple II Computer .4. and took  control of the company as an interim CEO. Copland.3 Pixar and Disney 3. The success of these products and services. a computer platform development company specializing in the higher-education and business markets.1 Reality distortion field 4. Jobs oversaw the development of the iMac. Apple had failed to deliver a new operating system. provided several years of stable financial returns. Jobs has received a number of honors and public recognition for his influence in the technology and music industries.After losing a power struggle with the board of directors in 1985. Jobs  received 7% of Disney shares.
in 1957.2 Interviews Early life and education Steven Paul Jobs was born in San Francisco on February 24.5 iPod 4.2 Documentaries 8." Unknown to him. said he had no choice but to put the baby up  for adoption because his girlfriend's family objected to their relationship.1 Books 8. Joanne Carole Schieble and Syrian-born Abdulfattah "John" Jandali (Arabic: ).4 Theater 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links o o 11. 1955 to two university students.4. Later.2 The Macintosh Computer 4.4.1 Articles 11. Schieble wanted Jobs to be adopted only by a college-graduate couple. have a second child. o 4. California when Steve was five years old.3 The NeXT Computer 4." He stated in his  authorized biography that they "were my parents 1. when asked about his  "adoptive parents.000%. who was teaching in Wisconsin when Steve was born. Paul was a machinist for a company that made lasers. and taught his son  .4." Jobs replied emphatically that Paul and Clara Jobs "were my parents.4. who were both unmarried at the  time. film. his biological parents would  subsequently marry (December 1955).3 Films 8.5 Philanthropy 5 Personal life o 5. and theater o o o o 8. The parents later adopted a daughter. and divorce in 1962. According to Steve Jobs's commencement address at Stanford.4. novelist Mona Simpson. but signed final adoption papers after they promised her that the child would definitely be encouraged and supported to attend college. The Jobs family moved from San Francisco to Mountain View.1 Media coverage 7 Honors and public recognition 8 Portrayals and coverage in books. The baby was adopted at birth by Paul Reinhold Jobs (1922–1993) and Clara Jobs (1924–1986).4 iMac 4. Jandali.6 iPhone 4. Schieble learned that Clara Jobs didn't graduate from college and Paul Jobs only attended high school. an Armenian   American whose maiden name was Hagopian. Patti.1 Health issues 6 Death o 6.
Jobs then attended Cupertino Junior High and Homestead High School in Cupertino. demonstrating to his son how to take apart and rebuild electronics such as radios and televisions. Reed was an expensive college which Paul and Clara could ill afford. including a course on calligraphy. working with Wozniak as a summer employee. that  administrators wanted to skip him ahead to high school—a proposal his parents declined. however. He continued auditing classes at Reed while sleeping on the floor in friends' dorm rooms. (March 2012) Homebrew Computer Club Newsletter. Daniel Kottke. They were spending much of their life savings on their son's  higher education. in Los Gatos. At Monta Loma Elementary school in Mountain View. in search of spiritual enlightenment. In 1969 Woz started building a little computer board with Fernandez that they named "The Cream Soda Computer". As a  result. Fernandez introduced Jobs to another. older computer whiz kid. Clara was an accountant who taught him to read before he went to school. When they got to the Neem Karoli ashram. a neighbor who shared the same interests in electronics. Jobs enrolled at Reed College in Portland. Steve Wozniak (also known as "Woz").rudimentary electronics and how to work with his hands. Oregon. it was  almost deserted as Neem Karoli Baba had died in September 1973. an early Apple employee). September 1976 In 1974. Steve became interested in and developed a hobby of technical tinkering. Jobs tested so well. and getting weekly free meals at the local Hare  Krishna temple. Then they made a long trek up a dry riverbed   . Please help by editing the article to make improvements to the overall structure. Jobs's youth was riddled with frustrations over formal schooling. the Mac  would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. he was a prankster whose fourth-grade teacher needed to bribe him to study. Jobs took a job as a technician at Atari. and was later hired there. Jobs frequented after-school lectures at the Hewlett-Packard Company inPalo  Alto. which they showed to  Jobs. At Homestead. Clara Jobs had been a payroll clerk  for Varian Associates. one of the first high-tech firms in what became known as Silicon Valley. He traveled to India in mid-1974 to  visit Neem Karoli Baba at his Kainchi Ashram with a Reed College friend (and. California. California. The father showed Steve how to work on electronics in the family garage. Jobs dropped out of college after six months and spent the next 18 months dropping in on  creative classes. Following high school graduation in 1972. returning Coke bottles for food money."     Early career This section may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia's layout guidelines. later. Jobs later said. Inc. he seemed really interested. California. Jobs became friends with Bill Fernandez. "If I had never dropped in on that single calligraphy course in college.
his head was shaved and he wore traditional Indian clothing. California. engaged in lengthy meditation  retreats at theTassajara Zen Mountain Center. and maintained a lifelong appreciation for Zen. Jobs would later say that  people around him who did not share his countercultural roots could not fully relate to his thinking. the oldest Sōtō Zen monastery in the US. At first they started off selling circuit boards. In 1976. Much to the amazement of Atari engineers.  and that Wozniak's share was thus $350. Jobs told him that Atari gave them only $700 (instead of the offered $5. but  eventually they produced a complete computer prototype. Wozniak had designed a low-cost digital "blue box" to generate the necessary tones to manipulate the telephone network. later calling his LSD experiences "one of the two or three most important things [he  had] done in [his] life". In the early 1970s. which they named "Apple Computer Company" in remembrance of a happy summer Jobs had spent picking apples.    Career Apple Computer See also: History of Apple Home of Paul and Clara Jobs.  and perhaps planted the seed in Jobs's mind that electronics could be fun and profitable. During this time. leaving Jobs and Wozniak as the primary co-founders of the company. but  said that if Jobs had told him about it and had said he needed the money. Steve Jobs formed Apple Computer in its garage withSteve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne in 1976.to an ashram of Hariakhan Baba. In India. and would explicitly model his own  career after that of Land's. Jobs and Wozniak formed their own business. and was assigned to create a circuit board for the arcade video game Breakout. Jobs began attending meetings of the Homebrew Computer Club with Wozniak in 1975. He greatly admired Edwin H. He considered taking up  monastic residence at Eihei-ji in Japan. After staying for seven months. the inventor of instant photography and founder of Polaroid Corporation. He also became a serious practitioner of Zen Buddhism. Jobs had changed  his appearance. Jobs experimented with psychedelics. Jobs left India and returned to the US ahead of Daniel Kottke. Wozniak did not learn about the actual bonus until ten years later. allowing free long-distance calls. Jobs decided that they could make money selling it. they spent a lot of time on bus rides from Delhi to Uttar Pradesh and back. on Crist Drive in Los Altos. Jobs and Wozniak were drawn to technology like a magnet. According to Atari co-founder Nolan Bushnell. The clandestine sales of the illegal "blue boxes" went well. Wayne stayed only a short time. Land. . Jobs then returned to Atari.  then up to Himachal Pradesh and back. a design so tight that it was impossible to reproduce on an assembly line. explanation needed] According to Wozniak. Wozniak [further reduced the number of chips by 50. Wozniak would have given it to him. Jobs had little specialized knowledge of circuit board design and made a deal with Wozniak to split the fee evenly between them if Wozniak could minimize the number of chips.000). Atari offered $100 for each chip that was eliminated in the machine.
In a speech Jobs gave at Stanford University in 2005. They received funding from a then-semi retired Intel product-marketing manager and engineer Mike Markkula. Sculley learned that Jobs—who believed Sculley to be "bad for Apple" and the wrong person to lead the company— had been attempting to organize a boardroom coup. Bill Fernandez. Jobs was among the first to see the commercial potential of Xerox PARC's mousedriven graphical user interface." NeXT Computer See also: NeXT . asking. 1985. Jobs. In 1976. "The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again. While Jobs was a persuasive and charismatic director for Apple. Apple recruited Mike Scott from National Semiconductor to serve as CEO for what turned out to be several turbulent years. but I guess  the patient needed it. At Apple's annual shareholders meeting on January 24. One year later. then called new meetings at 7:00 am. some of his employees from that time described him as an erratic and temperamental manager. Wozniak invented the Apple I computer. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.Jobs and Steve Wozniak met in 1971. Jobs kept meetings running  past midnight. "I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. and Ronald Wayne founded  Apple computer in the garage of Jobs's parents in order to sell it. sent out lengthy faxes. Apple aired a Super Bowl television commercial titled "1984". In 1978. less sure about everything. an emotional Jobs introduced the Macintosh to a wildly enthusiastic audience. or do you want to come with me and change the world?" In the early 1980s. Jobs luredJohn Sculley away from Pepsi-Cola to serve as Apple's CEO. Andy  Hertzfeld described the scene as "pandemonium". The following year. Apple's board of directors sided with Sculley and removed Jobs from his managerial duties as head of the    Macintosh division. Wozniak. 1984. when their mutual friend." And he added. the same year. "Do you  want to sell sugar water for the rest of your life. Apple logo in 1977. Apple employee Jef  Raskin invented the Macintosh. which led to the creation of the Apple Lisa. called a board meeting to resolve the  matter. created byRob Janoff with the rainbow color theme used until 1998. It was awful-tasting medicine. introduced 21-year-old Wozniak to 16-year-old Jobs. Disappointing sales caused a deterioration in Jobs's working relationship  with Sculley and it eventually became a power struggle between Jobs and Sculley. and on May 24. In 1983. Jobs resigned from Apple five months later and founded NeXT Inc. he said being fired from Apple was the best thing that could have happened to him.
 . highlighting its innovative. a framework for Web application development. NeXT workstations were first released in 1990. second-generation NeXTcube was released in 1990. With its innovative NeXTMail multimedia email system. released WebObjects. the digital signal processor chip. Up (2009). an award introduced in 2001. Monsters. A year later. Up and Toy Story  3 each received the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. also. Jobs ran NeXT with an obsession for  aesthetic perfection. and Toy Story 3 (2010). as evidenced by the development of and attention to NeXTcube's magnesium case. The Incredibles(2004). Jobs marketed NeXT products to the financial. but was largely dismissed as  cost-prohibitive by the educational sector for which it was designed. Like the Apple Lisa. Finding Nemo (2003). NeXT  transitioned fully to software development with the release ofNeXTSTEP/Intel. and academic community. in 1997. WALL-E. chief among them its object-oriented software development system. and in 1993. mouse and the NeXT MegaPixel monitor After leaving Apple. the company produced box-office hits A Bug's Life (1998). such as the Mach kernel. Pixar and Disney In 1986. priced at $9. The revised. Ratatouille (2007). with Jobs credited as executive producer.000 machines. after having sold only 50. Jobs founded NeXT Computer in 1985. The NeXT workstation was known for its technical strengths. under Pixar's creative chief John Lasseter. NeXT Software.03 million in 1994. scientific. Eventually. WALLE (2008). Jobs was running out of money. (2001). After NeXT was acquired by Apple Inc. and with no product on the horizon. and the iTunes Store. Jobs told reporters. image. he appealed for venture capital. Ratatouille. and video in email for the first time. and the built-in Ethernet port. Tim Berners Lee invented the World Wide Web on a NeXT computer at CERN. Cars (2006). MobileMeservices. graphics. Toy Story. Toy Story 2 (1999). Jobs touted it as the first "interpersonal" computer that would replace the personal computer. Jobs bought The Graphics Group (later renamed Pixar) from Lucasfilm's computer graphics division for the  price of $10 million. In 1996. Over the next 15 years. The Incredibles. Finding Nemo.999. NeXTcube could share voice. The first film produced by the partnership. Inc.A NeXTstation with the original keyboard. WebObjects was used to build and run the Apple  Store. the NeXT workstation was technologically advanced. Inc. This put considerable strain on NeXT's hardware division. $5 million of which was given to the company as capital. "Interpersonal computing is going  to revolutionize human communications and groupwork". brought fame and critical acclaim to the studio when it was released in 1995. The company reported its first profit  of $1. he attracted the attention of  billionaire Ross Perot who invested heavily in the company. with $7 million. experimental new technologies.
Return to Apple See also: "1998–2005: Return to profitability" in Apple. Upon Jobs's death his shares in Disney were transferred to the Steven P. When the deal closed. Jobs announced that Pixar would seek a new partner to distribute its films after its contract with Disney expired. most notably NeXTSTEP. such as Newton. and Iger quickly worked to patch up relations with Jobs and Pixar. "afraid that they might not have a job when the doors opened. Jobs terminated a number of projects. Inc. Jobs joined the company's board of directors upon completion of the merger and also helped oversee Disney and Pixar's combined animation businesses from a seat on a special  six-person steering committee. He was formally named interim chief executive in September. bringing Jobs back to the company he co-founded. appealing designs and powerful branding have  . Bob Iger replaced Eisner at Disney. 2006. Logo for the Think Different campaign designed by TBWA\Chiat\Day and initiated by Jobs after his return to Apple Computer in 1997. Jobs became The Walt Disney Company's largest single  shareholder with approximately seven percent of the company's stock. since then. as Pixar's contract with Disney was running out.Steve Jobs on computer graphics Steve Jobs on computer graphics. Jobs and Iger announced that Disney had agreed to purchase Pixar in an all-stock transaction worth $7. and of Disney family member Roy E. Jobs  Trust led by Laurene Jobs. On January 24. Under Jobs's guidance. making it too costly for the manufacturers to continue making machines. to concentrate Apple's efforts on returning to profitability. In the coming months. much of the company's technology found its way into Apple products. which evolved into Mac OS X.Cyberdog. Disney. The deal was finalized in late 1996. The reality was that Jobs's summary executions were rare. who until his 2009 death held about one percent of the company's stock and whose criticisms of Eisner — especially that he soured Disney's relationship with Pixar — accelerated Eisner's ousting. In March 1998.4 billion. who holds 1. Apple announced that it would buy NeXT for $427 million. In the years 2003 and 2004. With the purchase of NeXT.7 percent. In 1996. but a  handful of victims was enough to terrorize a whole company. many employees developed a fear of encountering Jobs while riding in the elevator. and OpenDoc. Interview excerpt from 1995. and in early 2004. Jobs became de facto chief after then-CEO Gil Amelio was ousted in July  1997. In October 2005. the company increased sales significantly with the introduction of the iMac and other new products. Jobs's holdings in Disney far exceeded those of Eisner. Jobs and Disney chief  executive Michael Eisner tried but failed to negotiate a new partnership." Jobs also changed the licensing program for Macintosh clones.
5 percent. San Francisco. It was believed. Jobs was both admired and criticized for his consummate skill at persuasion and salesmanship. Resignation In August 2011.worked well for Apple. Apple entered the cellular phone business with the introduction of the iPhone. with its own mobile browser. The banner read "Steve. he further expanded Apple's recycling programs to any US customer who buys a new Mac. (DIS) shares dropped 1. introducing and improving upon other digital appliances. (AAPL) shares dropped five percent in after-hours  trading. Jobs resigned as CEO of Apple. At the 2000 Macworld Expo. and the iTunes Store. 2007. Jobs on stage at Macworld Conference & Expo. In 2006. but remained with the company as chairman of the company's  board. don't be a mini-player—recycle all e-waste". Jobs responded to criticism of Apple's poor recycling programs for e-waste in the US by lashing out at environmental and other advocates at Apple's Annual Meeting in Cupertino in April. revolutionized the mobile browsing scene. according to Forbes. Hours after the announcement. including at The  Walt Disney Company where Jobs served as director. January 11. Jobs quipped at the time that he would be using the title "iCEO". Jobs officially dropped the "interim" modifier from his title at Apple   and became permanent CEO. . With the introduction of the iPod portable music player. Apple announced it would take back iPods for free at its retail stores. when considering the importance of Jobs to Apple. A few weeks later. and he had been on medical leave since January 2011. While stimulating innovation. The Computer TakeBack Campaign responded by flying a banner from a plane over  the Stanford University graduation at which Jobs was the commencement speaker. On June 29. Apple Inc. iTunes digital music software. which has been dubbed the "reality distortion field" and was particularly evident during his keynote speeches (colloquially known as "Stevenotes") at Macworld Expos and at Apple Worldwide Developers Conferences. Walt  Disney Co. which also included the features of an iPod and. was associated with the fact  that his health had been in the news for several years. 2005 The company subsequently branched out. This relatively small drop. Jobs  also reminded his employees that "real artists ship". a multi-touch display cell phone. In 2005. In after-hours trading on the day of the announcement. the company made forays into consumer electronics and music distribution. This program  includes shipping and "environmentally friendly disposal" of their old systems. that the impact would be felt in a negative way beyond Apple.
2008. Forbes estimated his net wealth at $8. Jobs held 5.1 billion. found that Jobs was unaware of these  issues and that the options granted to him were returned without being exercised in 2003. and that the exercise price should have been $21. by quoting ice hockey player Wayne Gretzky There's an old Wayne Gretzky quote that I love.4  billion.30.10. 'I skate to where the puck is going to be.' And we've always tried to do that at Apple. It was alleged that the options had been backdated. Jobs potentially faced a number of criminal charges and  civil penalties. On July 1. Since the very very beginning. It was further alleged that Jobs had thereby incurred taxable income of $20. 2006.  Stock options backdating issue Steve Jobs and Bill Gates at the fifthD: All Things Digital conference (D5) in 2007 In 2001.Business life Wealth Although Jobs earned only $1 a year as CEO of Apple. making him the 42nd-wealthiest American. a $7-billion class action suit was filed against several members of the Apple Board of Directors for  revenue lost due to the alleged securities fraud. He summed up that self-concept at the end of his keynote speech at the Macworld Conference and Expo in January 2007.3 billion in  2010. at least in innovation and style.000 that he did not report. And we always will. as well as 138 million shares in Disney (which he received in exchange for Disney's acquisition of Pixar) worth $4.426 million Apple shares worth $2. The case was the subject of active criminal and civil government investigations. Jobs quipped that the $1 per annum he was paid by Apple was based on attending one meeting for 50  cents while the other 50 cents was based on his performance. Jobs was granted stock options in the amount of 7.5 million shares of Apple with an exercise price of $18.000. Management style Jobs was a demanding perfectionist who always aspired to position his businesses and their products at the forefront of the information technology industry by foreseeing and setting trends.   . though an independent internal Apple investigation completed on December 29. not where it has been. and that Apple overstated its earnings by that same amount. As a result.
Since then the term has also been used to refer to perceptions of Jobs's keynote speeches. and persistence.. Steve. to describe Jobs's charisma and its effects  on the developers working on the Macintosh project. Wiley said it had  "closed a deal . Young & William L. Apple is worth more than Dell. a former colleague. Stocks go up and down.. The email read: Team. Much was made of Jobs's aggressive and demanding personality. Reality distortion field Main article: Reality distortion field Apple's Bud Tribble coined the term "reality distortion field" in 1981. bravado. Jobs had a public war of words with Dell Computer CEO Michael Dell. In its 2010 annual earnings report. in a Gartner Symposium. Jobs was a "mature. charisma. when Michael Dell was asked what he would do if he ran then-troubled Apple Computer. hyperbole." In 2006. Tribble claimed that the term came from Star   Trek. once said that Jobs "would have made an excellent king of France". to make its titles available for the iPad. Jobs was also a board member at Gap Inc. and things may be different tomorrow. from 1999 to 2002. by Alan Deutschman. appeasement. NeXT Cofounder Dan'l Lewin was quoted in Fortune as saying of that period. by Jeffrey S. mellow individual" and never interfered with  the creative process of the filmmakers.Steve Jobs announcing thetransition to Intel processorsin 2005. Based on today's stock market close. In 2005. Jobs's so-called reality distortion field was also recognized as creating a sense   . but I thought it was worth a moment of reflection today. Jobs banned all books published by John Wiley & Sons from Apple Stores in response to their  publishing an unauthorized biography. Fortune wrote that he was "considered one of  Silicon Valley's leading egomaniacs".  But the lows were unimaginable". The Second Coming of Steve Jobs." Jef Raskin. "The highs were unbelievable .. using a mix of charm. Although the subject of criticism. andiCon: Steve Jobs. marketing. Floyd Norman said that at Pixar. Jobs sent an email to all employees when Apple's market capitalization rose above Dell's. to which Jobs's office replied that his personality had changed since then. 1997. The RDF was said by Andy Hertzfeld to be Steve Jobs's ability to convince himself and others to believe almost anything. starting in 1987 when Jobs first criticized  Dell for making "un-innovative beige boxes". iCon: Steve Jobs. In 1993. it turned out that Michael Dell wasn't perfect at predicting the future. On October 6. Simon.. Jobs made Fortune's list of America's Toughest Bosses in regard to his leadership of NeXT. Commentaries on his temperamental style can be found in Michael Moritz's The Little Kingdom. he said "I'd shut it down and give the  money back to the shareholders. alluding to Jobs's compelling and larger-than-life  persona.
keyboards. He  has 43 issued US patents on inventions. Apple Computer delivered its first Apple II  system. speakers. staircases. it was often used in the technology  press to describe Jobs's sway over the public. clasps.. the inventor. He designed fluid monitors and x-ray   equipment. narrower. The computer had no "Mac" name on the front. At the same year. His design sense was also greatly influenced by the Buddhism which he  experienced in India while on a seven-month spiritual journey. Jobs had little involvement in the  engineering and technical side of the original Apple computers. Woz was the innovator." He is listed as either primary inventor or co-inventor in 342 United States patents or patent applications related to a range of technologies from actual computer and portable devices to user interfaces (including touch-based). particularly regarding new product announcements. Apple Computer moved from Jobs's garage to an office in Cupertino. and the industrial  designs of Braun's Dieter Rams. hospital unit. In March 1977. Applying his Triple F Model to Apple under Steve Jobs. He insisted that molded plastic was essential to the computer as a consumer item. in 1978.000 Apple II units had been sold until 1979. but that his contribution in the areas of 'Functionality' and 'Form' are major  and substantial. Jobs listed as primary inventor in patents for both original  and lamp-style iMacs.that the impossible was possible. lanyards and packages. The patent on the Mac OS X Dock user interface with  "magnification" feature was issued the day before he died. Ever inventor. Ten months after its introduction. the Macintosh was taller. The Macintosh had a friendly appearance since it was meant to be easy to use. but rather just  the Apple logo. Anand Kurian opines that Job's contribution in the area of pure 'Function' are less significant. one of Apple's earliest employees and a college friend of Jobs'. "Steve didn't ever code. Jobs helped design the Apple II's case. power adapters. for example. Steve Jobs once said the Apple II could be described as an "appliance"  computer. Nearly one-third of  Canadians credited the Apple II as the first personal computer which had the most impact on society. and left HP to join Apple computer. After two and a half years.. it featured a bitsliced architecture. Steve Wozniak began work on the Apple II." Daniel Kottke. for US$1295 in April 1977. Once the term became widely known. The Apple II was  "elegantly styled" and it became compared to an "overgrown pocket calculator". more symmetrical. Inventions and designs Jobs's design aesthetic was influenced by the modernist architectural style of Joseph Eichler. The NeXT Computer . Most of these are design patents (specific product designs. The Apple II was the first computer to be enclosed in plastic. The Macintosh Computer The Macintosh was introduced in January 1984. He wasn't an engineer and he didn't do  any original design. Jobs kept designing even being terminally ill in hospital. Steve Jobs was the marketing  person. sleeves. 50. stated that "Between Woz and Jobs. However. codenamed Annie. as well as PowerBook G4 Titanium) as opposed to utility patents (inventions). they began work on a supercomputer named Lisa. According to Apple cofounder. Steve Wozniak. oxygen monitor. His sense of intuition was also influenced by  the spiritual people with whom he studied. and far more suggestive of a  face. The Macintosh was identified as a computer that ordinary people could understand. The disk drive is below the display. Apple II Computer Main article: Apple II During 1976. Apple Computer began work on an enhanced Apple II with custom chips.
So the iMac's success helped popularize the interface among third party peripheral makers. Design ideas were intended to create a connection with the user such as the handle and a breathing light effect when the computer  went to sleep. There were some technical revolutions for iMac too. In 1999. iPhone 4 was thinner than previous models. and a faster processor was introduced by Phil  Schiller. the  touchscreen iPod Touch. The Apple iMac sold for $1. which is evidenced by the fact that many early USB peripherals  were made of translucent plastic to match the iMac design. video-capable iPod Nano. The iPhone created such a sensation that a survey indicated six out of ten Americans were aware of its release. was Siri. The iPod sold for US$399 and more than 100. screenless iPod Shuffle in the following years.299 at that time. was unlike any personal computer that came before. and added a secondary front facing camera for video calls. a better camera.000 iPods were sold before the end of 2001. The USB ports being the only device inputs on the iMac.  introduced in October 2011. iMac Main article: IMac Apple iMac was introduced in 1998 and its innovative design was directly the result of Jobs's return to Apple. Philanthropy Arik Hesseldahl of BusinessWeek magazine stated that "Jobs isn't widely known for his association with  philanthropic causes". 2007. A major feature of the iPhone 4S. added voice control. Jobs said in respect to money that "the challenges are to figure out how to live with it and to reinvest it back into the world which means either giving it away or using it to . In contrast to Gates. The NeXT Computer was introduced in 1989. In June 2009. had a five megapixel camera which can record videos in  720p HD. Also. Sir Tim Berners-Lee created the world's first web browser on the NeXT Computer. which is a virtual assistant that is capable of voice recognition. iPhone Main article: IPhone Jobs began work on the first iPhone in 2005 and the first iPhone was released on June 29. Apple released the hard drive-based iPod classic.8" hard drive compared to the 2. The introduction of the iPod resulted in Apple becoming a major player  in the music industry. compared to Bill Gates's efforts. iPod Main article: IPod The first generation of iPod was released October 23. The major innovation of the iPod was its small size achieved by using a 1. The capacity of  the first generation iPod ranged from 5G to 10 Gigabytes. clad in Bondi Blue plastic. The NeXT Computer was the basis for today's Macintosh OS X and iPhone operating  system (iOS).5" drives common to players at that time. Described as "cartoonlike" the first iMac. he started a company that built workstation computers. After the 1st generation of iPod. the iPhone 3G was released in July 2008 with the key feature was support for GPS. the iPod's success prepared the way for the iTunes music store and the  iPhone. A year later. the iPhone 3GS. 3G data and quad-band UMTS/HSDPA. In an interview with Playboy in 1985. Apple introduced Graphite gray Apple iMac and since has switched to all-white.  Apple boasted "the back of our computer looks better than the front of anyone else's". The Apple iPhone is a small device with multimedia  capabilities and functions as a quad-band touch screen smartphone.Main article: NeXT Computer After Jobs was forced out of Apple in 1985. 2001. Time  magazine declared it "Invention of the Year" for 2007. Jobs did not sign the Giving Pledge of Warren Buffett which challenged the world's richest billionaires to give at least half their wealth to  charity.
" Jobs also added that when he has some time we would start a public  foundation but for now he does charitable acts privately. In 1957 they had a daughter. Simpson found Jandali managing a coffee shop. you know. after I'd met my father. singer Bono cited Jobs saying there was "nothing better than the chance to save lives. ten months after giving up their baby boy.  Mona Simpson. I met that man and he was my brother. In her eulogy to Jobs at his memorial service. I was looking for my biological father at the same time. producing red versions of devices to give profits from sales to charity. Joanne Carole Schieble was his student. Jandali told Mona that he had previously managed a popular restaurant in the Silicon Valley where "Even Steve Jobs used to eat there. from Syria.   ." Jandali stated in an interview with the The Sun in August 2011. Mona Simpson stated: I grew up as an only child. when Mona introduced him at a party for her first book. Through its sales. Jobs said: "When I was looking for my biological mother. After resuming control of Apple in 1997. Jobs stated: "They were my sperm and egg bank." In a taped interview with his  biographer Walter Isaacson. Apple has gone on to become the largest contributor to the charity since its initial involvement with it. has been a vice president at a casino in Reno.. plotting a new world for the Arab people. according to Bono. who could love me. who lives in a nursing home in  Los Angeles. they were the same age because Jandali had "gotten his PhD really  young. Later. I'd thought that man would be my father. Jobs found his birth mother. and I learned a little bit about him and I didn't like what I learned. I asked her to not tell him that we ever met. and then made his career in the food and beverage industry. I hoped he would be rich and kind and would come into our lives (and our not yet furnished apartment) and help us. The chief of the Product Red project. taught there. aired on 60 Minutes. obviously.express your concerns or values. Schieble and Jandali married. Jobs eliminated all corporate philanthropy programs initially. and  Jandali lost touch with his daughter. he was a great tipper. Jandali mailed in his medical  history after Jobs's pancreatic disorder was made public that year. They met for the first time in 1985 and became close friends. who told him he had a biological sister. Mona. a sperm bank thing. Apple has been the largest contributor to Product  [RED]'s gift to the Global Fund. Even as a feminist.   Personal life Jobs's birth parents met at the University of Wisconsin. After deciding to search for their father. nothing more." when he initially approached Apple with the  invitation to participate in the program. Jandali taught political science at the University of Nevada in the 1960s. under Jobs. my whole life I'd been waiting for a man to love. Because we were poor and because I knew my father had emigrated from Syria. that his efforts to contact Jobs were unsuccessful. In December 1955. Abdulfattah "John" Jandali. Yeah. The siblings kept their  relationship secret until 1986. When I was 25. it's just the way it was." Schieble had a career as a speech language pathologist. Without knowing who his son had become.  so she became known as Mona Simpson. Later. Her mother remarried and had Mona take the surname of her stepfather. Nevada. I imagined he looked like Omar Sharif. which fights AIDS.. Jobs's friends told The New York Times that he felt that expanding Apple would have done more good than giving  money to charity. When speaking about his biological parents. Apple signed to participate in Product Red program.not tell him anything about   me. They divorced in 1962." Jobs was in occasional touch with his mother Joanne Simpson. In the 1980s. tuberculosis and malaria. For decades.  That's not harsh. I tried to believe he'd changed his number and left no forwarding address because he was an idealistic revolutionary. Joanne Schieble Simpson. with a single mother. and since  2006.
Jobs was also a fan of The Beatles. Steve Martin. author Alan Deutschman reports that Jobs once dated Joan Baez. she raised their daughter on welfare while Jobs denied  paternity by claiming he was sterile. Although it reportedly remained in an almost unfurnished state. he replied: My model for business is The Beatles: They were four guys that kept each other's negative tendencies in check. Jobs bought an apartment in The San Remo. California. Jobs spent years renovating his apartment in the top two floors of the building's north tower.Jobs's first child. Jobs later married Laurene Powell on March 18. From the early 1990s. Steven Spielberg. was born in 1978. the daughter of his longtime partner Chris Ann  Brennan.M. Presiding over the wedding was Kobun Chino Otogawa. 2 . Their son. In 1984. 1996. 14-bedroom Spanish Colonial mansion designed by George Washington Smith in Woodside. he kept a 1966 BMW R60/2 motorcycle in the living room. slept in the Lincoln  bedroom of the White House. a Bay Area painter. where Demi Moore. And the total was greater than the sum of the parts. the authors suggest that Jobs might have married Baez. iCon: Steve Jobs by Jeffrey S. he later acknowledged Lisa as his daughter. was  born September 1991. also had apartments. Reed. When asked about his business model on 60 Minutes. followed by daughters Erin in August 1995. and Eve in 1998. According to reports. only to sell it almost two decades  later to U2 singer Bono. as saying she "believed that Steve became the lover of Joan Baez in large measure because Baez had been the lover of Bob Dylan" (Dylan was the Apple icon's favorite musician).600 m ). a 17. at a meal catered by Greens  Restaurant. a Zen Buddhist monk. With the help of I. For two years. Simon. Clinton returned the favor and Jobs. but her age at the time (41) meant it was unlikely the couple could have children. The family lives  in Palo Alto. He referred to them on multiple occasions at Keynotes and also was interviewed on a showing of a Paul McCartneyconcert. in a ceremony at the Ahwahnee Hotel inYosemite National Park. The Second Coming of Steve Jobs. 2010 In the unauthorized biography. who was a Democratic donor. an apartment building in New York City with a politically progressive reputation. Jobs purchased the Jackling House.000-square-foot (1. Young & William L. President Clinton dined with Jobs and 14 Silicon Valley CEOs there on August 7. a friend of Jobs from his time at Reed College. and let Bill Clinton use it in 1998.  In 1982. Jobs never moved in. California. and Princess Yasmin Aga Khan. Great things in business are never done by one person. they are done by a team of people. Lisa Brennan-Jobs. 1991. Jobs lived in the mansion for almost ten years. Pei. daughter of Rita Hayworth. Deutschman quotes Elizabeth Holmes. Jobs lived in a house in the Old Palo Alto neighborhood of Palo Alto. In another unauthorized biography. they balanced each other. Jobs demonstrating the iPhone 4 toRussian President Dmitry Medvedev on June 23.
giving $209. planning to demolish the house and build a smaller home on the property. but he kept explaining to us reasons why things can't get  done. The court decision was overturned on appeal in March 2010. In June 2004. and the mansion was  demolished beginning in February 2011.000 to  Democrats. far less aggressive type known as islet cellneuroendocrine  tumor. both because of its daily  convenience (the rationale he claimed) and its ability to convey a signature style. Jobs revealed at one point he met with U. his choice of alternative treatment "led  to an unnecessarily early death. Health issues Jobs addressing concerns about his health in 2008. A number of people expressed interest. According to Harvard researcher Dr. and New Balance 991 sneakers. $45. Jobs's car was a silver Mercedes-Benz SL 55 AMG. on the condition that he advertise the property for a year to see if someone would move it to another location and restore it.. President Barack Obama. Jobs usually wore a black long-sleeved mock turtleneck made by Issey Miyake (that was sometimes  reported to be made by St. The prognosis for pancreatic cancer is usually very  poor. "for nine months he refused to undergo surgery for his pancreatic cancer – a decision he later regretted as his health  . instead consuming a special alternative medicine diet in an attempt to thwart the disease. Jobs stated that he had a rare. and told Mr. It infuriates me. a local preservationist group began seeking legal action to prevent demolition.. but no agreements to that effect were reached. and in mid-2004. complained of the nation's shortage of software engineers. Jobs was denied the right to demolish the property. In January 2007. After the meeting.700 to associated special interests and $1." Jobs proposed that any foreign student who got an engineering degree at a U." He was  a pescetarian.. In October 2003. Jobs told Walter Isaacson ". he announced to his employees  that he had a cancerous tumor in hispancreas. the Woodside Town Council gave Jobs approval to demolish the mansion." According to Jobs's biographer. Jobs resisted his doctors' recommendations for mainstream medical  intervention for nine months.S. which did not display its license plates. university should automatically be offered a green card. Croix). Jobs was diagnosed with cancer. Levi's 501 blue jeans. Ramzi Amir.. Jobs  leased a new SL every six months. "The president is very smart.. Jobs commented. but he met with complaints from local preservationists over his plans.Jobs allowed Jackling House to fall into a state of disrepair. including several with experience in restoring old property. as he took advantage of a California law which gives a maximum of six months for new vehicles to receive plates.he came to like the idea of having a uniform for himself. Later that same year.S. Walter Isaacson.000 to a Republican. Despite his diagnosis. In a 2011 interview with biographer Walter Isaacson." Jobs contributed to a number of political candidates and causes during his life. Obama that he was "headed for a one-term presidency. by a  court decision.
Jobs apparently did not receive chemotherapy or radiation  therapy. with Jobs still involved with "major  strategic decisions. On January 14. again reviving questions   about Jobs's health. who previously  acted as CEO in Jobs's 2004 absence. Jobs responded at Apple's September 2008 Let's Rock keynote by quoting Mark Twain:  "Reports of my death are greatly exaggerated. Jobs announced his leave in a letter to employees. became acting CEO of Apple. Jobs concluded his presentation with a slide reading "110/70". stating his decision was made "so he could focus on his health". bowel cleansings and other unproven approaches. 2008. head of worldwide sales and operations at Apple. Following the keynote. herbal remedies and other treatments he found online. Jobs delivered the keynote for Apple's annual Worldwide Developers Conference. that appeared to  successfully remove the tumor. On January 17." At a subsequent media event.declined. 2008. they weren't life-threatening and he doesn't have a recurrence of  cancer. voiced the opinion that shareholders had a right to know more. together with his choice to delegate significant portions of his keynote to other presenters.  an Apple spokesperson said that "Steve's health is robust. Others. Tim Cook. Apple announced that marketing vice-president Phil Schiller would deliver the company's final keynote address at the Macworld Conference and Expo 2009. In a statement given on January 5. As during his 2009 medical leave. inspired a flurry of media and Internet speculation  about his health. referring to his blood pressure. He also was influenced by a doctor who ran a clinic that advised juice  fasts. Jobs said that he  had been suffering from a "hormone imbalance" for several months. Jobs's prognosis was described as "excellent". similar concerns followed Jobs's 2008 WWDC keynote address. Jobs wrote that in the previous week he had "learned that my health-related issues are more complex than I originally thought". ran the  company. according to an Ars Technicajournal report. Worldwide Developers  Conference (WWDC) attendees who saw Jobs in person said he "looked fine". he tried a vegan diet. many news carriers and blogs reported on it. Bloomberg mistakenly published a 2500-word obituary of Jobs in its corporate news service." "Instead." In April 2009.com. noting that "While his health problems amounted to a good deal more than 'a common bug'. Tim Cook. stating he would not address  further questions about his health. His  "thin." Two years later. During a July conference call discussing Apple earnings." On August 28. containing blank spaces for his age and cause of death. 2009. given  Jobs's hands-on approach to running his company. on Apple.) Although the error  was promptly rectified. to allow him to better focus on his health. participants responded to repeated questions about Jobs's health by insisting that it was a "private matter". almost gaunt" appearance and unusually "listless" delivery. acupuncture. On December 16. intensifying rumors concerning  Jobs's health. while others surmised his cachectic  appearance was due to the Whipple procedure." He eventually underwent apancreaticoduodenectomy (or "Whipple procedure") in July 2004. before finally having surgery in July 2004. 2011. During Jobs's absence. however. In contrast. In early August 2006. Apple officials stated  Jobs was victim to a "common bug" and was taking antibiotics. Jobs underwent a liver transplant at Methodist University Hospital Transplant Institute   in Memphis. Apple announced that he had been granted a medical leave of absence. in an internal Apple memo. The New York Times published an article based on an off-the-record phone conversation with Jobs. Tennessee. (News carriers customarily stockpile up-todate obituaries to facilitate news delivery in the event of a well-known figure's death. a year and a half after Jobs returned from his liver transplant. Apple announced that Tim Cook would run day-to-day operations and that Jobs would continue to be involved in   . 2009. and even consulted a psychic. and announced a six-month leave of absence until the end of June 2009.
children and sister at his  side. that day has come. .m. due to complications from a relapse of  his previously treated islet-cell neuroendocrine pancreatic cancer. He had lost consciousness the day before.  Death Flags flying at half-staff outside Apple HQ in Cupertino.major strategic decisions at the company. 2011." wrote Jobs. Jobs became  chairman of the board and named Tim Cook his successor. Jobs had worked for Apple until the day  before his death. and died with his wife. "Unfortunately. for he could "no longer meet [his] duties and expectations as Apple's CEO". resulting in respiratory  arrest. he made appearances at the iPad 2 launch event (March 2). Memorial candles and iPads to Steve Jobs outside the Apple Store in Palo Alto California shortly after his death Jobs died at his California home around 3 p. Jobs announced his resignation as Apple's CEO on August 24. the WWDC keynote introducingiCloud (June 6). Despite the leave. and before the Cupertino city  council (June 7). on October 5. 2011. on the evening of Steve Jobs's death.
the one thing he always said was to 'make it great. Norah Jones. Clicking on the image led to an obituary. The service was highly secured. integrity. and our guiding light of the Pixar family. Over a million tributes were sent. which read: Apple has lost a visionary and creative genius. with a photo of Jobs. Steve's brilliance. His greatest love was for his wife. Present were Cook. October 16. 2011. his wife of 20 years. their three children. A private memorial service for Apple employees was held on October 19. but were encouraging "well-wishers" to send their remembrance messages to an email address created to receive  such messages. on the Apple Campus in Cupertino. and politicians. He is survived by Laurene. Our hearts go out to his wife Laurene and their children during this  incredibly difficult time. and the world has lost an amazing human being. was declared "Steve Jobs Day" by Governor Jerry Brown of  California. and beyond what anyone ever imagined. He will forever be part of Pixar's DNA. to fly  their flags at half-staff. along with Jobs's family. Sunday. was in attendance. Our hearts go out to them and to all who were touched by his extraordinary gifts. and love of life has made us all better people. celebrities. Laurene. and his family. Also dedicating its homepage to Jobs was Pixar. 2011. condolences. Some of Apple's retail stores closed briefly so employees could attend the  memorial.' He is why Pixar turned out the way we did and his strength. with guards at all of the university's  gates. including Walt Disney World and Disneyland. and Lisa Brennan- . A small private funeral was held on October 7. of which details were not revealed out of respect to  Jobs's family. The world is immeasurably better because of Steve. Laurene. 2011. an invitation-only memorial was held at Stanford University. and Joan Baez performed at the service. Jobs is buried in an unmarked grave at Alta Mesa Memorial Park.  and the eulogy they wrote: Steve was an extraordinary visionary. which are now displayed on the Steve Jobs memorial page. A video of the service is available on Apple's website. showing Jobs's  name and lifespan next to his grayscale portrait. Yo Yo Ma. Bob Iger ordered all Disneyproperties. and Jobs's widow. and a helicopter flying overhead from an area news station. and  thoughts. Al Gore.  For two weeks following his death. passion and energy were the source of countless innovations that enrich and improve all of our lives. His death was announced by Apple in a statement which read: We are deeply saddened to announce that Steve Jobs passed away today. from October 6 to 12. members of the media. John Lasseter and Edwin Catmull. Apple's corporate Web site displayed a simple page. which lasted longer than an hour. close friends of Jobs. our very dear friend. Those of us who have been fortunate enough to know and work with Steve have lost a dear friend and an inspiring mentor. and his  spirit will forever be the foundation of Apple. Bill Campbell. Those in attendance included Apple and other tech company executives. and Coldplay. He saw the potential of what Pixar could be before the rest of us. Apple announced on the same day that they had no plans for a public service. An email address was also posted for the public to share their memories. 2011.Both Apple and Microsoft flew their flags at half-staff throughout their respective headquarters and  campuses. Steve took a chance on us and believed in our crazy dream of making computer animated films. Bono. On that day. the only non-denominational cemetery in  Palo Alto. Steve leaves behind a company that only he could have built.
and NBC. his daughter from a previous relationship.. and Walter Isaacson. They remind us how Apple shut down a youthful fanboy blogger." Free software pioneer Richard Stallman drew attention to the tight corporate control Apple exercised over consumer computers and handheld devices. William Gibson. then at his life's partner. Steve Jobs is pictured in gray scale. including   US President Barack Obama. and  ruthlessly refining it. British Prime Minister David Cameron. Sean Wisely. The issue included a photographic essay by Diana Walker. Los Angeles Times media critic James Rainey reported that they "came courtesy of reporters who—after deadline and off the record—would tell stories about a company obsessed with secrecy to the point of paranoia. as the star. 2011. Under Jobs. along with his name and lifespan. He "looked at his sister Patty. then for a long time at his children. such as Steve Wozniak and George  Lucas. featuring extensive essays by Steve Jurvetson. Laurene. punished a publisher that dared to print an unauthorized  Jobs biography and repeatedly ran afoul of the most basic tenets of a free press. Isaacson's essay served as  a preview of his biography." said  longtime Silicon Valley reporter Dan Gillmor. and The Walt Disney Company's Bob Iger commented on the death of Jobs. His family released a statement saying that he "died  peacefully". were: "Oh wow. and a six-page essay by Walter Isaacson. Although reporters wrote glowing eulogies after Jobs died. spoken hours before his death. Apple sued three "small fry" bloggers who reported tips about the company and its unreleased products and tried to use the courts to force them to reveal their sources. Apple sued teenager Nicholas Ciarelli. how Apple restricted news reporters. not inventive. first published in Rolling Stone in  January 1984.Jobs. Several notable people. taken by Norman Seeff. diluted the punch of its highly choreographed product launches with  Jobs. are outright hostile to the practice of journalism. in which he is sitting in the lotus position holding the original Macintosh computer. Microsoft founder Bill  Gates."   Media coverage Steve Jobs's death broke news headlines on ABC. his last words. a retrospective on Apple by Harry McCracken and Lev Grossman. who wrote enthusiastic speculation about Apple products beginning at age 13. Oh wow. Major media published commemorative works. ad-free issue. ThinkSecret. John Sculley. The issues cover featured a portrait of Jobs. and then over their shoulders past them"." Apple "has taken stances that. and persistently violated privacy: "Steve Jobs. designed to  sever fools from their freedom. Bloomberg Businessweek also published a commemorative. in his iconic jeans and mock turtleneck outfit. Under Jobs. After Steve Job's death. has died". the pioneer of the computer as a jail made cool. Wired  News collected reactions and posted them in tribute on their homepage. Other statements of condolence were made by many of Jobs's friends and colleagues. His gift lay in taking what was in front of him . Malcolm Gladwell in The New Yorkerasserted that "Jobs's sensibility was editorial. Time published a commemorative issue for Jobs on October 8. CBS.."  Honors and public recognition . Adult Swim aired a 15-second segment with the words "hello" in a script font fading in and then changing into "goodbye". Numerous newspapers around the world carried news of his death on their front pages the next day. was a play on  Apple's slogan "Think Different. Oh wow. On its cover. The issue marked the eighth time Jobs has been featured on the cover ofTime. Steve Jobs. even favorable ones." Rainey wrote that Apple wanted to kill ThinkSecret as "It thought any leaks. in my opinion. His popular blog.
High-tech could not be designed and  sold as a consumer product. 2009. the magazine published a long profile of Jobs as "the  most famous maestro of the micro". Jobs was named the most powerful  person in business by Fortune magazine. Jobs died young. "In his autobiography. This was a lunatic plan. Beard Award) in 1987. located  at The California Museum for History. by Inc. such as Thomas Edison or Henry Ford. His death was widely mourned and considered a loss to the  world by commentators across the globe. "How  wrong can you be. When Time named the computer as the 1982 "Machine of the Year"."  . Jobs was ranked No. in a sense. In November 2010. Jobs became a symbol of his company and industry. and again after his death. but his feeling on Jobs was that "we're not done with you yet. John Sculley. having previously been named Entrepreneur of the Decade 20 years earlier  in 1989. and a man who had profoundly changed the   face of the modern world. 2007. On November 5. In December 2010. ending its  essay by stating.  pioneer and genius —perhaps one of the foremost—in the field of    business.Steve Jobs with the first generation iPad tablet After Apple's founding. The Financial Times closed by rhetorically asking of this quote. and who was an   "exemplar for all chief executives". Jobs was awarded the National Medal of Technology by President Ronald Reagan in 1985. Jobs was selected as the most admired entrepreneur among teenagers in a survey  by Junior Achievement. 2007. Women and the Arts. On November 27.17 on Forbes: The World's Most Powerful People. and product design. On December 5. magazine. Jobs was widely described as a visionary. said this of the ambitions of the man he had pushed out: 'Apple was supposed to become a wonderful consumer products company. Jobs was characterized as the Thomas Edison and Henry  Ford of his time. Jobs was named the CEO of the decade  by Fortunemagazine. Jon Stewart said that unlike others of Jobs's ilk.California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver inducted Jobs into the California Hall of Fame. "wrung  everything out of" these other men. and a Jefferson Award for Public Service in the category "Greatest Public Service by an Individual 35 Years or Under" (also known as  the Samuel S.'". In his The Daily Show eulogy. the former PepsiCo executive who once ran Apple. revolutionized at least six different industries. In August 2009. innovation." At the time of his resignation. with Steve  Wozniak (among the first people to ever receive the honor). the Financial Times named Jobs its person of the year for 2010. He felt that we had. After his resignation as Apple's CEO.
Inside Apple (2012).  Portrayals and coverage in books. tactics. describing him as "brilliant. when young adults (ages 16 – 25) were asked to identify the greatest innovator of all  time. The Disney film John Carter is dedicated to Jobs. and leadership strategies that allowed Steve Jobs and his company to work. Budapest On December 21. Nerds 2. called The Paperback Computer. and theater Books The Little Kingdom (1984) by Michael Moritz. inspiring".Statue of Jobs at Graphisoft Park. a graphic novel about the relationship of Jobs and Kobun Chino Otogawa and how the monk's mentorship influenced Jobs' business philosophy. 2012. Jobs was posthumously awarded the Grammy Trustees Award. an award for  those who have influenced the music industry in areas unrelated to performance. visionary. It is an autobiography of Steve Wozniak. 2011. Documentaries The Machine That Changed the World – Part 3 of this 1992 five-part documentary. global business magazine Fortune named Steve Jobs the "greatest entrepreneur of our time". by Jeffrey S. Steve Jobs placed second behind Thomas Edison. by Alan Deutschman iCon: Steve Jobs (2005). about the rise of the home computer/personal computer. calling him one of the greatest personalities of the modern age. . (and sequel to Triumph of the Nerds) which chronicles the development of the Internet. and "the quintessential entrepreneur of our  generation". by Steve Wozniak. On February 12. but it covers much of Jobs's life and work at Apple. a book by Adam Lashinsky that reveals the secret systems. In January 2012. a co-founder of Apple.0. Steve Jobs (2011). documenting the founding of (then) Apple Computer. Triumph of the Nerds – a 1996 three-part documentary for PBS. an authorized biography written by Walter Isaacson.  as well as the Pixar film Brave. prominently featured Jobs and his role in the early days of Apple. The Second Coming of Steve Jobs (2001). In March 2012. film. The Zen of Steve Jobs (2012) written by Caleb Melby with artwork by Jess3.1 – a 1998 three-part documentary for PBS. Simon iWoz (2006). Young & William L. Graphisoft company in Budapest presented the world's first bronze statue of  Steve Jobs.
 A Films Steve Jobs – A Sony Pictures film version of the biography by Walter Isaacson. Jobs – an upcoming independent film by Joshua Michael Stern. with a screenplay and directed by Aaron Sorkin. iGenius: How Steve Jobs Changed the World – a 2011 Discovery Channel documentary hosted  by Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman. Theater The Agony and Ecstasy of Steve Jobs . Steve Jobs: One Last Thing – a 2011 PBS documentary produced by Pioneer Productions.The Public Theater.   slightly shortened and localized version of the show was broadcast in the United  Kingdom the following day titled. New York City. starring Mike  Daisey. Steve Jobs: iChanged the World – on Channel 4. Jobs is portrayed by Noah Wyle. Pirates of Silicon Valley – a 1999 TNT film which chronicles the rise of Apple and Microsoft from  the early 1970s to 1997. Jobs will be portrayed by Ashton  Kutcher. 2012. .
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