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Prof. A.C. Sukla
To The World of Poesy
Prof. A.C. Sukla
M.A. (English), M.A. (Philosophy), M.A. (Sanskrit), Ph.D
Former Professor of English, Sambalpur University
GOLDEN JUBILEE EDITION
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First Edition: 1962 Golden Jubilee Edition: 2012 Originally Published and Still Being Published By Friends' Publishers Binod Behari, Cuttack-2, Odisha
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Proverbs or Sayings
1. A thing of beauty is a joy for ever 2. Empty vessel sounds much 3. Youth’s a stuff will not endure 4. Grasp all lose all 5. Life is but an empty dream 6. The proper study of mankind is man 7. A child is the father of man 8. All’s well that ends well 9. Too many cooks spoil the broth 10. Too much of anything is good for nothing 11. Where there is a will there is a way 12. Birds of the same feather flock together 13. Waste not, want not 14. No pains no gains 15. Slow and steady wins the race 16. Failures are pillars of success 17. Example is better than precept 18. Prevention is better than cure 19. Personality is not known from a man’s advantages 20. Danger must be overcome by danger 21. Health is wealth 22. Look before you leap 23. All that glitters is not gold 24. Strike while the iron is hot 25. Time is money 26. Union is strength 27. A sleeping fox catches no poultry 28. History repeats itself 29. If winter comes can spring be far behind 30. Haste makes waste 31. Delay is dangerous 32. Something is better than nothing 33. As you sow so shall you reap
34. Necessity is the mother of invention 35. God helps those who help themselves 36. Goodness is better than greatness 37. Rome was not built in a day 38. A friend in need is a friend indeed 39. We live in deeds, not years 40. Handsome is that handsome does 41. Variety is the spice of life 42. The pen is mightier than the sword 43. A stitch in lime saves nine 44. Truth is stranger than fiction 45. Where love is, God is 46. Fools rush in where angels fear to tread 47. Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thoughts 48. Discretion is the better part of valour 49. Better to wear out than to rust out 50. One man’s meat is another man’s poison 51. Might is right 52. It is never too late to mend 53. The crown and glory of life is character 54. To err is human, to forgive divine 55. You cannot make an omelette without breaking eggs 56. There is no smoke without fire 57. Love wins where force fails 58. Well begun is half done 59. Time and tide for no man bide 60. Morning shows the day 61. The path of duty is the way to glory 62. The paths of glory lead but to the grave 63. The more you have the more you want 64. Journey’s end in lover’s meeting 65. Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard are sweeter 66. It is better to give than to take 67. Discipline means success, anarchy means ruin 68. Work won’t kill, but worry will 69. A living dog is better than a dead lion 70. The higher up the greater the fall 71. A stolen fruit is the sweetest
Fortune favours fools 78. Jack of all trades master of none 75. After a storm comes a calm 80. A prophet in not honoured in his own country 98. Sweet words butter on parsnips 97. Give the devil his due 86. There is nothing new under the sun 94. Many a pickle makes a mickle 90. Speech is silvery. Do a little wrong to do a great good 91. Ill got. Lock the stable when the seed is stolen 102. silence is golden 93. Habit is the second nature 92. He that is down need fear no fall 87. God tempers the wind to the shorn lamb 104. The nearer the church. Forgiveness is the noblest revenge 88. Every Indian is a philosopher 82. A drowning man catches at a straw 76. Be true to the salt you eat 107. ill spent 100. Too much familiarity breeds contempt 108. The devil is not so black as he is painted 79. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy 95. the farther from heaven 106. There is many a slip between the cup and the lip 103. Still waters run deep 73. Eaten bread is soon forgotten 101. One slip does not end misery 105. When in Rome do as the Romans do 74. Necessity knows no law 96. If wishes were horses beggars would ride 84.72. Spare the rod and spoil the child 99. the present is always leaden 81. The past is always golden. First impression lasts long 77. Hope springs eternal in human breast 85. Black will take no other hue EXERCISE . Let the dead past bury its dead 83. People living in glasshouses should not throw stones 89.
Do not try to comment upon the idea. then the inner meaning. simply expand it showing its wide or narrow application. the lines of which must be coherent. Write the literal meaning first in a few words. Exemplify it with appropriate illustrations show ing especially its application to human life. Try to use the exact number of words asked (Uni versities of Odisha have fixed 150. a margin of five words of course is allowed. Take care of grammatical and spelling mistakes. Recapitulate the whole though in the last one or two lines. Make the paragraph compact. In amplifying one should: Read it with care and find out its inner meaning. . It means amplification. The ideas given are generally moral maxims or epigrammatic expressions.Expansion What is and how to write it Expansion means detailed explanation of an idea with illustrations and examples.
Beauty never exists. beauty brings the charm of life.1. . glamour of aurora. every day. Cuckoo's melody. Morality makes them sociable and beauty fills their heart with inexpressible joy. In the world of beauty nothing is old and monotonous. They exercise morality by their power of reason and experience beauty by the power of emotion. wondering clouds in autumn are nothing new. the song of the nightingales appear ever new in the hearts of the poet and their arts. the beautiful expression of their experience of beauty. But every year. If morality brings them prosperity. The sight of the daffodils. The more we experience them the more is their loveliness. We are never tired of Shakespeare' s plays or Keats's odes. They are there from the beginning of creation. they appear with new charm. fill our heart always with joy. makes life worth living. A thing of beauty is a joy for ever Human beings are distinguished from the brutes for their sense of beauty and morals.
Empty vessel sounds much drum. But big ones remain inside. It is said in Sanskrit that trees. beauty and wealth are modest and considerate. So also is the character of human beings. but when full of water or any other substance it is silent. and fee no need of propaganda. Tiny fishes in a pool or river very often come upwards. But persons of real wisdom. sounds like a . come down. A man without knowledge shows his false pedantry. and floating clouds when full of water vapour. A dog tries to chase an elephant which can smash it within a moment. A woman without beauty uses much of toilets and a poor man talks highly of himself very often. if stricken. bow down their branches.2. They know what they are. An empty vessel. the heavier you are. But fruitless trees and dry clouds are always light and stiff. The worthier you become. when full of fruits.
Within this short span a person builds his career of the whole life. It is the time of enjoyment only. is still shorter. beauty and wealth everything he exercises here. loving and merrymaking. Like all other things of Nature human life is . Epicureans adore this youth because it is the only time of sensual enjoyment. Youth. love. The truth is what is present before us. Youth's a stuff will not endure very short. the worthiest period of life. But this is a one-sided view which overlooks the seriousness of life. Charvak advises his group to forget here the past and the future. Maturity of feeling and emotion enriches him with sublime experiences and one should take advantage of this golden period of his life. and a fool is he who controls the passion of his youth by penance and austerities.3. Duty. They welcome their friends to glorify their life by the full use of this youth in drinking.
Psychologists agree that human memory is limited. So should all men realize their own limitations and would tend to work within it. It is limited within space and time. It is said again that a Pundit is he who forsakes half of his property when the whole is at danger. for he knows that if he goes to have all he loses all. What is true with the material wealth is equally true with our mental property. It cannot retain each and every incident of our life but some important ones only.4. Power of all the beings in this world is lim- . A Sanskrit aphorism says that even a coward becomes as powerful as a lion when he is at his own home. while a hero is weak in a strange place. Grasp all lose all ited. When one tries to remember all. he forgets all. When we try to go beyond the frontier we collapse.
Shankara did that through constant meditation. At their death we feel the loss of our life and their well-being brings us the joy of heaven. our intimate friends leave us. What Macbeth realised through utter frustration. We think.5. wife. Sometimes the dearest beloved happens to be notoriously faithless and when we are penniless after year's enjoyment. Our relatives seem all selfish and the objects mundane. in a way. blind to the nature of the world that we rarely speculate over the truth. All our hopes and desire seem then useless and empty like the dream objects. In our day-to-day life we are closely attached . children and friends. our life is but for our parents. Sometimes these make-beliefs are broken by hard stroke of profound realization through either serious suffering or sincere contemplation. We are so self-centered and. Life is but an empty dream to the objects of world and to our near and dear ones.
one can get perfect knowledge of the whole universe if he meditates upon himself. This is the motto of the humanists. fire. a humanist of the eighteenth century. These are the constituents of the universe too. So. The proper study of mankind is man think that man is the crown of creation.6. With his conscience and power of speculation he is next to the divine beings. The soul is the principle of consciousness and the body of flesh and bones is constituted of the five gross materials: earth. is present within this human body. This idea awoke the lndians who gave the slogan ‘Atmanam viddhi’ in the beginning of their culture and Socrates awoke his fellow thinkers with his sublime realisation 'Know thyself' which is echoed in the present title by Alexander Pope. They . Not only that he is the microcosm but also the macrocosm in a smaller scale. water. the utmost success of the divine creator. The Indian Yogis believe that whatever is found in the three worlds. air and sky.
It is in this stage that all the good things must be cheered up and bad ones driven away carefully.7. But suitable environment is necessary to nourish and develop these signs as a sprout must be kept in favourable atmosphere for its growth. Most of the signs of a fullfledged personality are present in a child in dormant condition. A child is the father of man becoming man. Aristotelian philosophy says that a child is a . although changed this way or that way in accordance with the dynamic nature of man's growth. the Buddha's detachment and Shankara's talent. all were marked in their childhood and persisted throughout their life. Washington's love for truth. As a lump of clay can be mould properly only in its moistened state so is the state of childhood. The difference between childhood and manhood is not so much of quality as much of quantity.
and when one suffers from disease it is obvious that he has disobeyed the rules of health. In most cases.8. The whole action is thus judged by the nature of its end. if the end is well the whole action is so. the action is bad. In that case judged by the end the whole course of the action certainly appears good. The end has been so common a criterion of the action that even when a bad action ends in good result accidentally. the whole course of the action is considered good. The doer with a good desire adopts a good means and achieves its proper result. There is no action without a purpose. If the end is bad. way and end of an action are of the same nature. All's well that ends well purpose. When a student passes in the first division it is assumed that he has laboured hard with all his sincerity. desire. motive and capacity of the doer are all known publicly in the end. and the . purpose.
. It requires an expert who should watch it all through. It is rightly said. So instead of being tasteful the broth will be completely tasteless. Only he will put the required materials." Every work requires a definite method and ..salt. It is said that too many people cannot kill even a rat. "Every man's business is nobody's business. The required unity is lost and the work is undone or half-done. Too many cooks spoil the broth definite number of workers. If different persons are employed for putting different materials nobody feels responsible for the work. Cooking is very delicate work. If more are employed there will be no discipline and the result will be disastrous.9. galingale and spices what he thinks proper. What to tell of other important works? That is so because these people start the work so anomalously that every one runs his own way.
10. Too much of anything is good for nothing nourishes our body. but too much squeezing tastes it bitter. but too much of it brings disaster through pride and prodigality. Wealth brings prosperity. This idea is well illustrated by Chanakya. Similarly all other human values like charity. Sometimes wine serves health. Food . love and sympathy etc. Ambition is a must for human life. but too much of it causes indigestion. but too much of it damages the body. Lemon tastes sour and helps digestion. Too much of anything is always bad. The golden city of Ceylon was destroyed for too much pride of Ravana. but too much of it makes one abnormal. the king of giants was suppressed to the nether world for his excessive charity. are harmful if used too much. The Kauravas were killed as they became too much prestige-conscious and Bali.
Will or desire is the root of all creation. Where there is a will there is a way sung by the Rigvedic sages that only desire was there before the cosmic creation. success is at hand. a firm determination. And where there is a strong will. it is only for their power to will more. which drank water by putting pebbles into the jug. and of the fox which cheated a crow with a piece of meat. The stories of the thirsty crow. of the old hungry tiger which deceived a greedy passerby with a golden bracelet. Without desire there is no life and no work. and it is thence that the whole universe has sprung forth. what to tell of human beings? Strong will definitely find a way. If human beings have advanced over the brutes. sufficiently prove that it is the strength of will which is more important than that of body and when even the lower animals can achieve success by such strong desire.11. It is .
All the things of the universe are thus arranged according to their nature and generally the individual is known by the society and the society by its individuals.12. Birds of the same feather flock together like things assemble in group. Cranes do not group with swans. which are white in colour. and the lndian crows cannot keep company with the Australian crow. nor do crows with cuckoos. Horses always fight against buffaloes. The industrious never mix with the idle. dress and religion. Likewise human beings are classified by their country. taste for food. An European cannot cope with a American. and an idealist quarrels with a materialist. It is the law of nature that like begets like and . nor does a Buddhist feel at home with a Hindu. Customs and manners of theirs grow accordingly. Thieves avoid the police and the wise evade the company of the fool. colour.
Want is. But too much of it spoils life. Wants arouse our sense of happiness. Wants increase together with the achievements. Waste not. But too much of everything is always bad. in a way. the root of happiness. end in utter disaster. Want and ambition are. although want is discursive.13. the root of the growth of a . These over-wants can be checked by an economic use of our stock. wastage opens the way to wants and thence to misery. Everything must operate within its limits. a man of hundred wants thousand and one of thousand wants lakhs. and the less are the wants the more is happiness. and at last these wants. So. A poor wants a hundred. complementary. in fact. while ambition is intensive. Most of our wants are due more to our careless spending than to scarcity. want not person. Planned spending minimizes the growth of wants.
Gandhi's non-violence. It took toils of years together. wisdom of the Buddha. But in the real world construction of buildings and riding on horses require money and labour both. Rome was not built in a day. The more valuable is one’s success the more painful is its process. Tagore's poetic genius and Gopabandhu's sacrifice all were not the results of only a day's effort. nor did Shakespeare became so famous a dramatist overnight. No pains no gains difficult. not dreams or imagination. and practice is always painful. but not of real achievements. Persian art. It is this practice which makes a man and a nation. No pain is required to build a castle in air or to ride horses in dream. Desire is very easy. A rose without thorn is an object of dream. and glory of the Victorian Empire were due to pains of years. but achievement is very .14. One must undergo a lot of pains before an achievement.
Then he starts.15. gathers experience and knowledge. but the sun shines gradually. He . But gradually he increases his speed and with all his patience and strength he overthrows all his competitors at last. and fades just after. rises slowly up to the apex. He emits rays when others fade and wins the race when others fail. because patience and perseverance are rare. but stores his vitality and strength through constant practice. Their failures are many. He does not show himself up all on a sudden. observes others' power and skill. The winner in a race starts very slowly. His process is slow but steps steady. A meteor flashes all its light for a moment. Slow and steady wins the race almost lags behind others just at the outset. So does man of genius to compete in the life-race. Human life is like a race where all the beings are competitors.
nor does . A Sanskrit aphorism says that a coward is he who does not even start the work being afraid of failures and he belongs to the middle rank who starts the work. but leaves it facing failures.16. Failures are pillars of success walk steadily. The more he fails in his attempt the more is his zeal for success. Psychologists assert that men learn by a trial and error method. Without erring one cannot earn knowledge and without failures one cannot enjoy the bliss of success. In fact failures pave the way for success. walk and talk. So is the path of man's construction of personality. He takes a long period. It is these failures that make a man perfect by cheering him up in every stage of his construction. while the ideal man never leaves the job even amidst thousands of failures until he wins full success. full of failures to stand. He tries and tries until full success. A body just born cannot stand erect.
not of speeches only. Ideal personality is not a matter of ideal thought and speeches only.17. in fact. It is for this principle that all the leaders like the Buddha. Today our social. political and educational leaders give long lectures on our duties to society. These must be performed in action. So before advising others one should work it out himself and. But all their talks are futile for they themselves are involved in corruption. speech and action. Christ and Gandhi are ideal today. Life is full of actions. So it is our duty to think well.. state. Thought. To advise is very easy. and academic institutions. will influence others much better than his advice. to speak well and to do well.. So it is better that before preaching they should work out their precepts. but to work out the . Example is better than precept advice is very difficult.these three are equally necessary for the construction of personality. Action is the most important of all these three. the example that he sets.
Prevention is better than cure get cured fully. experienced doctors give more attention to prevent the germs from entering into our organic systems than to cure the patients actually suffering. may be penalized for the delay in paying the government rents or may fall a prey to the government in not obeying its rules either consciously or unconsciously. Sometimes one may not get cured. On all these occasions recovery becomes difficult. If carefully we prevent the dangers by our forethoughts. So it is better to tae preventive measures always.18. This principle is fruitful in every field of life. certainly we shall be little disturbed. Once we get diseased. if cured one has to undergo a lot of pains and heavy monetary loss. it is very difficult to . which will save us from unnecessary troubles. When epidemic spreads in a locality. We may be robbed of our treasure.
But this does not mean that advantages are harmful for one's life. Advantages make life easy and smooth. The more forceful is this struggle the stronger becomes his personality. and as such a person with advantage happens very often to be indifferent towards the problems of his fellow beings. while another with advantages possesses a brilliant career and is established in society. Otherwise one misses the charm of living by passing through life-long struggles. Personality is not known from a man's advantages gradually grows up through his fights against the adversities. Two persons. Man's personality .19. very often differ in their achievements. A student with a lot of difficulties may have a normal academic career and may not be well off in his life. Here the better achievements of the latter do not necessarily indicate his better personality. Struggles make a man. and so lacks a proper understanding of life. one with struggles and the other with advantages. These are rather quite necessary.
There is no life without danger. there are mental troubles due to non-fulfillment of many of our desires and hopes. life necessarily involves danger. face the attacks of our enemies.20. Our defensive measures may sometimes happen to be dangerous. are compelled to perform certain deeds which are risky and which we do not like. and may it sometimes even cause certain loss to us. Danger must be overcome by danger ternal as well as internal dangers in our everyday life. In a word. danger must be overcome by danger. We have ex- . still this is preferred. Without society our life is meaningless. We fall ill. Hence with enough courage and strength we must face this danger if we have to live a human life. Besides. nobody can guarantee. is free from danger. may it harm others. When necessary. We are social beings. But to avoid we must not find shelter somewhere in a lonely corner of the world which.
But body should not be taken here to mean simply the unity of flesh and bones. Without body there is no consciousness. no soul. Thus health is wealth not in the sense that a healthy person becomes wealthy automatically. prosperity in general. It denotes all the achievements by our faculties of reason and sensibility. Health enables him to practise his power and genius. otherwise no achievement either material or spiritual is possible. Thus body must be first looked after.21. wealth does not mean merely the material affluence. no mind and hence no life at all. It must be healthy.e. It indicates the whole psycho-physical organism and health explains the soundness of both mind and body and their happy co-ordinations. Similarly. Health is wealth care of our body and then practise religion.. i. This is quite true. It is said in Sanskrit that first we should take . subsequently he gains wealth.
Look before you leap danger everywhere in our life. Weak escapes or hesitations will certainly ruin us. and to avoid it. It is with these fore-thoughts and cares that one leap brings success. our determination. to a place full of thorns and boulders. our struggle or leaps should not be carried on blindly without proper judgment. certainly he will break his limbs. However strong and skilful a sportsman may be.22. Life is full of leaps. But our courage. without considering the limits of his power. Similarly before taking any decision one must consider the pros and cons of the matter and with a full awareness of the limitations of one's power and environment one must run the risk. We know that there is . to win the struggle for our existence we must jump onwards with firm determination. precaution and care. if he jumps from every high place. One must measure a yard before walking a foot.
for brass with a fine polish may blaze even more than gold. a piece of silver. Sometimes a piece of rope. Gold glitters. is considered to be a snake and a mother of pearl. Similarly a man of wisdom with simple dress and a very plain way of living may look ordinary while an illiterate with gorgeous dresses. while gold. pompous way of life and assumed gravity may look dignified. cutting through its deluding appearance. kept in a basket for long time or hidden in earth may not glitter at all. A proper judgment of things. hence. This indicates that reality should not always be judged by its appearance. All that glitters is not gold gold.23. by error. requires a deep insight into the nature of things. But anything that glitters is not . Character and personality of a man. thus are not necessarily known from his countenance. In both the cases we judge the reality wrongly guided by merely the appearance of things.
and goes astray if the wicked handle him. When it is cold it is too hard to be moulded. Childhood is the beginning of a man's career. For it is in this stage that a block of metal can be shaped according to the desire of the smith. Considered more widely this motto indicates that each needs time and environment for its sound performance. This is equally true in case of the construction of human character. not of hard earth. of iron blocks when these are red hot.24. A blacksmith makes sickles. He becomes wise if guided by men of wisdom. an artist makes beautiful images only of clay. A robber of matured age can hardly be changed into a saint. Similarly. and learned people of sixty can hardly be fools. axes and chisels . It is in this period that he is influenced by ideas and actions. Strike while the iron is hot etc.
This motto says that one earns money or wealth. but see that the whole life is lost.. We cannot check it according to our desire. Rather we have to work according to its progress and should make use of it properly. They dream that every moment is to be enjoyed.all sorts of achievements of a human being both spiritual and material that make him happy and contented. he who neglects it spoils life.. He who values it wins fortune. Time is money or coins only. While the honey bees and ants exercise this principle it is shameful that human beings forget it.25. becomes happy in life if one understands the value of time. It is said that time and tide wait for none. Money does not mean here currency notes . It means wealth. Every moment of one's life is best time for one’s supreme success.
26. Union is strength
old man who on his deathbed promised to teach the most valuable things of the world to his sons. He asked his sons one by one to bring some sticks and to break them separately. Each one succeeded in breaking the sticks separately, but when they were asked to break the sticks together in a bundle, each one failed. The old man has taught the most valuable truth that union is strength. If a bundle of sticks cannot be broken by a young man without difficulty, how strong would be the union of men? From the pre-historic period men have been forming unions in societies, states, countries and sects by realising this truth. A society has earned fame, a state has developed over another, a nation has been cultured and a sect has been extended only when the individuals of these groups are united, and revolution, defeats and crises have cropped up when this union is lost.
We know the ancient story that there was an
27. A sleeping fox catches no poultry
prey. With all its care and cunning it looks for a hen or a cock and succeeds in its attempt very often. But no poultry comes to a fox out of itself when the fox sleeps. An industrious lion always kills a deer and satisfies his hunger. But no deer comes to the mouth of a sleeping lion. The same is true in cases of the desire, power and achievements of human beings. Desire provokes attempts and attempts need power and sincerity. Every man desires happiness; but only a few who possess required power and work with ample zeal and sincerity achieve success in their life. Those who desire only, but sit idly waiting for the mercy of fate or the favour of fortune, gain nothing. Alertness and actions pave the way for achievements.
A fox is very fond of poultry, its sweetest
28. History repeats itself
events of the past. But the study of history does not end only in knowing the past. It enables us to understand the present and the future also. For the past is not something lost nor is the future something very new. The present evolves out of the past and leads to the future. Past events intensively make us aware of the law of Nature -- that the same thing happens under similar circumstances. Nothing develops indefinitely or goes down for ever. Success and failure move in a cyclic order. So also is the construction and destruction of the whole universe. What is new today becomes old tomorrow and the old again appears as new some day after. The Vedic philosophy tells us what we see today as perfectly a new world, was present in the last Kalpas exactly in the same way.
History means a systematic record of the true
dis- . Winter is a deadly season. with its nectar to revive the buried cheer and to rejuvenate the dying year. In cyclic order everything comes and goes. we suffer. It brings cool. Just after winter comes spring. If now one is handsome. If put in misery today and attains a lot of wealth tomorrow. Day and night. But we should remember that the whole year is not only one season…winter. sorrows and happiness all are fluctuating.29. since it is subject to loss. should not feel proud of this wealth the day after tomorrow. winter and spring. With this knowledge of the nature of things human beings should go on working and should wait patiently for future. is repeated indefinitely. Nothing is constant in this world. next day one may be millionaire. If winter comes can spring be far behind ease and unhappy feelings. We are irritated and lose our patience. next moment one becomes ugly. If today one is a beggar.
a patient recovers his health and a poor becomes rich.30. Someone taking a rapid step either get injured or loses limbs. Nothing is performed with success in a hurry. A man who eats quickly fails to digest well. He remembers a little. A student who reads his books swiftly to finish the study shortly cannot grasp all. Everyone wants that fortune should come to . not by a man of quick decision. It is the slowly running water. not the rapidly flowing one that rubs away the stones under it and the life is lived happily by a calculative careful man. but forgets the most. One feels a throb of cheer in one's expectation of the happy time of future and handles the work so rapidly that he finds it undone. We know how long time babies take to stand erect and walk well. By a continuous and patient practice a student earns knowledge. Haste makes waste him overnight.
He wanted to construct a road to heaven from the earth. Once we wait for tomorrow no tomorrow may come in our life. could not only because he suspended it for future. the work must not be suspended for long future. whatever the result may be. Once the decision is taken. He could not do it. the giant of profound realization. preached this truth to Rama at the time of his death. for haste makes waste. and that future never came in his life.31. Ravana. But the process must not be very quick without enough speculation at every stage. One should start the work as soon as he de- . and should continue it untiringly until the end. Human life is short and full of difficulties. Other factors may creep in which will hamper the progress of the work still more. Delay is dangerous cides to do it. So decision must be immediately followed by action.
or if the amount of this achievement becomes negligible in comparison with our wants. During its course whatever will come to our hands by our sincere practice. unhappiness and frustration. When there is no rain for days together in summer a little of it certainly has got value in cooling the atmosphere. Wants are unlimited. we should accept it with pleasure. although it cannot facilitate cultivation. we think this is useless. The world is not controlled by our desires. It has its own law of operation. Something is better than nothing much that no achievement is possible. In all cases something is better than nothing. It is not easy to be a millionaire. Similarly a little of food is better than starving and a piece of rag serves better than no cloth. But a man with a few rupees is surely better off that a beggar. But no. Sometimes we want so .32. This thought leads to discontentment.
A man with a little money can manage his family if he spends cautiously. so shall you reap conditions you will reap paddy only. So you get the result according to your action. In every case of our life action always regulates its result. One cannot expect guava from a mango tree he has planted. One has to take proper care of the process of cultivation from all sides. Again. If you sow paddy in your land under proper . not any other crops. only sowing is not enough for a good harvest. thus. A student achieves success in examination by earnest desire for learning and sincere labour. Sinners rarely are rewarded while few honest are penalized. One with his sincere effort. while another with his casual little care harvests poorly. but irregular and disinterested study brings failure for another. But an extravagant suffers always even if he earns lakhs. As you sow. reaps enough crops.33.
All our actions are guided by their necessity. for his necessities were a few. all are the results of our attempt to fulfill our wants. . As the time passed and the world turned over its pages one by one. The pre-historic man had neither so big a world as ours nor had he the manifold development of each of the aspects of his life and society. Necessity is the mother of invention We eat and drink to satisfy our hunger and thirst. from the stone-cut weapons to the hydrogen and atom bombs. From the use of roughly boiled food. construct house to have a shelter and continue studies to satisfy our urge for knowledge. to the use of richly spiced dishes. Unnecessary labour is a disqualification for every human being. his wants grew up and he paid all his attention to fulfill those. All the inventions sprung forth from the womb of our necessity.34. from the bullock or donkey carts to the aeroplanes.
35. God helps those who help themselves
In spite of one's hard and sincere labour sometimes we see one's hopeless failure and another, without required labour, gains fortune miraculously. But this does not mean that man is merely a puppet in the hand of God; and his labour, sincerity and perseverance have got no value at all. Rather just the opposite is very true. Man is the maker of his own destiny. As the deer does not enter the mouth of a sleeping lion, so also fortune does not come to a lazy man. God does not help a man who simply prays him sitting idly. Without God's mercy our attempts are, of course, subject to failure; but God's mercy always goes to a man, who is self-dependent, goes on working by himself regularly without waiting for the blessings of God and without any anxiety for good results.
Man is surely under the control of destiny.
36. Goodness is better than greatness
propriate sympathy, fellow feeling, respect for the superiors and love for the juniors, zeal and capability for hard working etc. Greatness means a high social rank. A millionaire, an emperor, a statesman etc. are all regarded as great persons in society. The good and the great are not necessarily combined. A man with enough human qualities may not be an important man in the society. Similarly the great men are not always good. An emperor may be an oppressor, or a millionaire a Merchant of Venice. Famous statesmen are more liars and cunning than patriots. But a good man is certainly worthier than a great man; for it is the inner character, the human qualities of a man, not his outward show or power that is much valuable. A great man, if not good comes down very often, while a good man rises gradually.
Goodness means a good personality with ap-
37. Rome was not built in a day
widely spread with its far-flung empire, talented emperors and fabulous growth of material and cultural aspects. But this achievement was not overnight. Its foresighted and powerful king in collaboration with its patriot countrymen earned this prosperity by a slow and steady progress through ages together. The same is true in case of other nations and individuals. Nobody can jump up to the peak of Everest, nor can earn profound wisdom within a moment. There are stages to these achievements and each stage requires hard labour, profound patience and deep perseverance. Solid success thus needs slow and steady progress. Gandhiji's victory through non-violence, Gopabandhu's sacrifice, Einstein's scientific investigation and Sastriji's social leadership are not achieved in a day. They are all the results of struggles and practices of their whole life. Only in dreams one grow long beard overnight, but never in the real world.
In the ancient Europe, Rome's fame was
38. we see him more in the days of our misfortune than in that of prosperity. A friend in need is friend indeed wealthy. A true friend is very rare. But all their sympathy. Every hour they come. express their sincere love and deep affection for us. He shares our sorrows and happiness equally. attachment and well-wishes depart with the departure of our fortune. Hardly we see their faces even once a year in the days of difficulties. and promise that by all means they will continue this friendship in future. they say that so much is their love for us that even a day they cannot spend without us. he tries to save us from danger to fulfill our needs. Friends are lavishly available when we are . even sometimes at the cost of his own life. According to Chanakya. With all his help. a true friend is he who helps us at the time of both prosperity and peril. Nay.
Within only twentyfour years of his life he did so much of works that may be impossible for a man living four times his life. Contributions of Shankaracharya and Vivekananda to the spiritual field of the whole world are far better than that of a man living some hundred years. A man of ninety years is not necessarily superior to a man who lives only up to his twenties. We live in deeds. we remember Keats today not because he lived long physically. for the generations together. Gopabandhu. The persons have been immortal on the pages of history not for the long duration of their living period. not years political revolution. one of the pioneers of India's . but for the works they have performed for their fellowbeings. once said that human life is not a matter of years.39. Similarly. but of actions and only actions. months and days.
Handsome is that handsome does sonality must be judged by the nature of people's action not by their physical appearance. If action is the criterion of human life. Beauty attains perfection in a unique combination of both the aspects -. are considered the elements of one's inner beauty. but the real beauty of a person is not a matter of physique only. everybody hates him for his deeds. per- . So one's handsome character is ascertained if one's actions are handsome. Love and sympathy. the internal beauty must be given importance. But as this combination is rare. Things are not what they seem. and it is the actions of a man where the inner beauty is fully reflected.external and internal. purity of heart.40. for a man may smile and smile and be a villain. However beautiful a robber may be in appearance. clearness of thought and expression etc. A man may be very handsome in his physique.
a life full of struggles and liabilities only spoils all its charm. sky and earth.. It is said in the Upanishads that God created . Even the most precious dish irritates us if used daily. the summer evening is so enchanting because day is intolerable.night and day. Thus a life is perfect that paves through the varieties of experience. bitter and sweet and so on. He was alone before and realized that loneliness brings monotony and ends in uneasy feelings. good and bad..41. Spring would have no charm for us if there would be no winter. The moonlit night is so lovely because some nights are dark. This variety is indeed the source of bliss. So this one became many. and he lives a real life who tastes the various aspects of this world. Variety is the spice of life this world out of himself to enjoy his own bliss. If there is no life without struggle.
The words supersede the swords. The pen is mightier than the sword before it. intelligence and talent irrespective of their presence or absence. As in destruction so also in the field of construction the pen plays far more powerful a role than the swords.. It is by a slight stroke of a pen that millions of swords jump into their diabolic dance. Physical power thus happens to be inferior to mental power. It is by the visions and ideas of the poet. by the threatening sounds of the force of a king. philosophers and statesmen that countries progress through reformation.42. A nation is guided not by the soldiers who are only the servants to the orders of the kings and diplomats who exercise their genius through pen. No nation is built by means of a sword i. A sword can kill only the persons present . But a pen affects innumerable persons and nations.e.
One damage. We fall ill. creates mental disturbance and causes monetary loss which gradually spoils our happiness. the whole cloth is torn within a few days.e. i. A single and small rent in a piece of cloth . for example. if not checked. its accompanying damages will naturally be far off. If the first damage is checked just at its outset.43. Attack of disease. It will be checked before we come within its grasp. Our life is just like a piece of cloth which is at every moment liable to rents. suffer from the misunderstanding of our friends and from domestic. damages. gives way to another. A stitch in time saves nine expands gradually and if not stitched in time. If in all these cases precaution is taken immediately. it prevents nine or many other rents. the matter cannot go far. monetary and many other difficulties. If care is taken immediately and the rent is mended.
The discovery of reality breaking the cover of appearance certainly arouses more wonder in us.44. Things that commonly happen are truth such as the rising of the sun from the east. the achievements of Ali Baba and Aladdin in the Arabian Nights are all extraordinary. mortality of all the beings and the downward flow of the rivers etc. but because they are truths hidden from ordinary eyes. So they appear very strange to us. ideas and objects that the philosophers and scientists give us are strikingly wonderful not because they are all fictions. Truth is stranger than fiction by a writer to arouse the sense of wonder in the readers. But if we judge seriously we find truth is stranger than fiction. The theories. These incidents do not arouse wonder for we are aware of their regular happening. This is a very common idea. But the excessive height of the Brobdingnagians in the Gulliver's Travels. not because they are truths of nature. Fiction ordinarily means a false story devised .
God is said to Narada. but in places where his devotees are singing hymns to Him with love. nursing. Thus God manifests Himself in this world through this principle of love. People are grouped into society. This includes sympathy. Where love is. A baby is born and brought up by the attraction of a male and a female. that. and so God-realization is impossible without the practice of love. It is said in the Hindu epics that once God . and a nation proceeds on the path of culture only because all individuals of the group are tied up by the rope of love. his dearest devotee. fellow feeling and charity etc. He is present neither in Vaikuntha nor in the hearts of the Yogis practising heavy austerities. and of the mother and the baby. In fact love is responsible for the existence of the whole world. Love in its widest sense means a principle of attraction and attachment.45.
sound calculative intelligence and profound humility do not venture to perform the deeds for which. However powerful and intelligent a man may be.e. and so without proper foresight they jump into every field and are harassed at last when all their efforts end in hopeless failure. On the other hand. they feel. men with perfect self-awareness. he cannot dare to say that he is capable of performing all kinds of deeds at all times. They are fools. they are not sufficiently strong. for as once Socrates said. Others are ridiculously unaware of their weakness. they do not know that they are ignorant. One of the most valuable virtues of human . It is this considerate character and power of self-analysis that make man an angel. angels i. Fools rush in where angels fear to tread beings is the awareness of one's own limitations. foresight. Only a few people realise this truth.46.
. less if the sufferer is our enemy. and the more is its appeal. But strangely enough. fury etc. In our real life sadness is always painful.47.. This infatuates us when it happens really with a practical effect. is the most human among all the feelings and is rare in other lower animals. We . but in art it is only imaginary. Not only that. so instead of affecting practically it rather appeals to our humanity most in arousing pity. That is because pity. Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thoughts feel pain when we suffer ourselves or see others suffer from sorrow. the root of pathetic sentiment. plays and paintings etc. We feel more sorry if our friends suffer.songs. Failure in examination makes us cry. for it really brings some practical loss. the more pleasing it is. this feeling of pain changes into that of joy when the object is represented in art. the pleasing experience derived from the pathetic scenes of art exceeds that derived from all other sentiments such as love.
. But as human power is limited this valour must be used carefully. However expert swimmer a man may be.. Thus courage and physical power must be supplemented with discretion. while Gulliver with less valour but more discretion. Valour is certainly an important human value. Discretion is the better part of valour There is no use of a life without sufficient courage to avoid danger and disadvantages.suiting the action to the circumstance. succeeded all through. he may simply drown himself. Then only it will be true bravery. . Don Quixote's adventures exhausted all in ridiculous failures for he did not exercise his valour in a discrete manner. he must consider the strength of current in a fullflooded river and how far he can succeed in crossing it when wind blows gustily with heavy rainfall. One may use it recklessly without a proper calculation of the situation. Lacking this judgment. There he welcomes danger instead of avoiding it.48.
but in course of time this stuff will fade unless it is exercised with zealous labour.49. So it is better. They forget that nothing will go with them after death which is inevitable. Better to wear out than to rust out of actions it is more important to use what we possess than to hanker after more possessions which without use will simply waste away. So also in case of wealth and physical power. A man reaps better result who wears out his meagre possessions than another who simply increases the stuff without use. They like to hoard money and to stand simply as a guard to their treasury. Mere possession is not enough. In this world . Rich people are generally miser. they should use it properly enjoying their own life and helping others in many respects. It is really encouraging to have good stuff of intelligence. It is wiser to spend our power properly than to simply lose it.
The world is of varieties.50. food. One man's meat is another man's poison variety is the fundamental principle of this world. ways of living and thinking. handsome and well behaved with a vegetarian taste. children from the same womb possess strikingly different features. From country to country and nation to nation physical construction. language. mental character. and every one should judge his tastes and faculties before going to emulate others. We have to judge various people from various angles of vision. while the other suffers from diarrhoea if he takes a single piece of meat. fair. social custom and behaviour. One may be pure. The fact is that in this world of many tastes no fixed criterion is possible. dress and many other innumerable aspects of human beings change variously. or in other words. . while another just the opposite. Even in one family. One's organic system is so made that he can digest sufficient amount of meat developing thus a very sturdy figure.
The stronger one becomes the longer one lives. and from that point the pages of history prove sufficiently that might is right.51. This strength is not necessarily physical. This paved the way for oppression and tyranny. Mental power must be included here. In the pre-historic period might was the . The moving tribes were breaking upon other tribes and. Might is right ground of all the rights. were capturing everything of them. In course of time kingdoms were established and the kings tried their best to evade the attack of other mightier persons and from that time till now. But rarely have they been successful. for who can avoid the law of Nature? Life in the universe is subject to one's victory and other's defeat in the struggle for existence. if were coming victorious in the fight. constitutions of all the countries have tried to penalise heavily the persons who try to exercise this wild principle.
Failure in one's life proves simply that somewhere has got a defect and he should repair it as soon as possible. Human life is a dynamic organism. Still he should not feel frustrated. and to mend the rents of his career.52. Sometimes it happens that in spite of one's sincere effort one fails continuously to mend. There is enough time yet. One or two failures do not prove in one’s . But man with his rational faculty must realise that he has power to avoid forcefully with enough conscience and care what is going to tear away his life. Every moment of one's life is precious for mending the defect of one's whole life. With patience he must try again and again until he achieves full success. to fill in the blanks. he should know. It is never too late to mend life that one is too weak to face the struggle for existence. the progress of which is hampered very often by various factors.
53. The more he exercises its power. The crown and glory of life is character ings. A king wears a metal crown and gains glory by winning other kings. Character is the differentium of human be- . In one's life material prosperity may be gained and lost several times. if he is ignorant of the laws of society. lacks sympathy. and the more is the power of this character the higher is the rank of a man. the brighter he becomes. There is no value of a man's life. Their moral and emotional consciousness distinguishes them from animals. for there is every possibility of his defeat by some other mightier king. But if character is lost once. There is no wastage to this stuff. But the crown and glory are both temporary in his life. it is lost for ever. Losing that he loses all. courage and fellow feeling. But a man of bright character loses nothing in his life. and has no capacity for enjoying the subtle and deep effects of fine arts.
what to tell of ordinary human beings? Erring is not. on the other hand. To err is human to forgive divine even saints who have controlled their organs and by constant practice have developed brilliant memory and foresight. When . Every human being is subject to error. and how by heavy penance through several failures the latter achieved at last a divine status.54. Those who possess it are distinguished from normal human beings and are placed in the divine rank. Through sincere practices it is earned by them and that is why it is rare. The story of Vasistha and Visvamitra in the Indian epics tells us how the latter was taught a lesson by the former. Jesus Christ's forgiveness is unique in the history of divine persons. err very often. then a drawback. Forgiveness. is not common with men. it is rather quite natural. the rank of a Brahmarshi only when profound forgiveness filled his heart.
But this is impossible. They want that without risk. to stand first in the examination a student must labour hard and the stronger is a man's struggle. so there must be some other way of making it without killing the organism. You cannot say that you feel sinful to break the egg and spoiling the life of an embryo. If you want to prepare omelette you must break eggs. No pains no gains. You cannot expect that in this world pleasing result must be achieved always by pleasing methods. You cannot make an omelette without breaking eggs to catch fishes without entering mud of ponds. the more is the success in his life. But it is ridiculous. Some people are there in the world who try . To wear the crown a king must undergo fights and stabbings. no risk no success.55. without troubles they should enjoy good fruits.
This is the law of Nature which is inevitable. There is no smoke without fire can there be smoke? Without the cause how can there be an effect? Every effect has its appropriate cause. Proper investigation shows in these cases that somehow or other the accused man is involved in the troubles and there are certain factors which help in the success of a man. and every cause its appropriate effect.56. Death is the effect of the failure of the organic function and poisons or diseases cause this failure. Hence without fire how . Milk causes curd. Casual and careless labour brings failure and success is the effect of sincere work. Fire causes smoke. Sometimes it seems that one is condemned or accused without reason and without ample efforts one's success is striking. in spite of his insincerity. But this is only apparent. butter. from butter comes ghee.
He realised this at last and converted himself to a Buddhist. but the spirit. Love wins where force fails anny and oppression.. it is not for his force. If Ashoka is immortal today in the pages of history. but could not capture the heart of his captives. the great emperor. the heart of a man can never be won by that. admitting thereby the power of love as superior to that of force. By force one can only win the body. We know the story of Ashoka. He won by love what he failed to win by force..his thirst for power and bloodshed. But all know how empty was their achievements. In the battlefield of Dhauli he killed lakhs and captured millions.57. but for his love for the creatures of the universe. By force only nothing is achieved except tyr- . The pages of history tell us the power and prosperity of Taimur Lung. Alexander and Hitler.
Well begun is half done must be arranged properly. Before starting a work necessary equipments . But this does not mean that all the attention should be concentrated upon the beginning only. Beginning is important as it inaugurates the end. Unless the whole course of an action is run with full ability and attention. and proper care must be taken to avoid the impediments. or sometimes even undone. If he emphasises much upon the first one the whole paper will certainly be half done as the proper time and interest cannot be afforded for all the answers. The worker sometimes takes so much time in this outset that for the whole work he finds no required time. and so the work remains half done. the whole work be half done.58. An examinee must divide equal time for each answer. it is not the end in itself. how much well may be the beginning.
sailors should control their vessels according to tide and ebb. Rainy season is the proper time for cultivation and winter for harvest. harvest is nil. Similarly childhood is the time of building one's character and youth of action and enjoyment. If time of cultivation is delayed.59. Time and tide for no man bide our well being we must watch them and take the advantages of these happenings. Instead of demanding Nature to suit our will we should suit our will to Nature. If the functions proper to each period are not performed in time. suffering is the only outcome of all the action. The natural occurrences wait for none. Thus one should strike the iron while it is hot. Farmers should judge the climate proper for their cultivations and should act accordingly. and futility is the only end that is achieved. and see that works must be done in their proper time. For .
his love for truth and perseverance showed the glimpse of his bright future. If the morning is cloudy the entire day appears so and if it starts with a fine sunrise the day becomes bright and clear.60. Morning is the opening of the whole day. is equally true with a man's career. Childhood is the morning of the whole life. detachment and contemplation were very distinctly marked in his childhood and although so much of sacrifice and love for justice and so great a personality were not marked so clearly in Gandhiji's childhood. What is true with Nature. and most of the signs of one's manhood are marked here sometimes clearly and at others in a dormant condition. Buddha's love for wisdom. So . Morning shows the day from its atmosphere that of the whole day is inferred. A glamourous manhood is impossible without a bright childhood as smoke is impossible without fire.
The path of duty is the way to glory it cannot be achieved by simply wishing or dreaming. But . Ashoka. performing the actions with all his sincerity and faithfulness achieves success. If the Buddha. and their fame. A man bound strictly to his duties. success requires dutifulness. But in all the spheres. Akbar and Gandhi are immortal it is only for their sincere labour to respond fully to the call of duties. People work in various fields. therefore.61. Everybody is fond of glory in this world. A dutiful man definitely earns success by making the whole course of life fully glorious. It is said in all the religious scriptures that the supreme success of human life requires the performance of duties without hankering after the glorious results. In fact this sense of duty is one the most important differential of human beings. is due to the success in their respective spheres. Its way is full of hard practice and perseverance.
immortal in name. life is useless without them. But in what direction will it lead him? The path of glory is always thorny. Man hankers after wealth. to pass through the years of pain and perseverance to overcome the impediments on this path.62. and is ready to win it at the cost of wealth and power. But what practical value it has got? He suffers a lot in his living period and earns only a name after death. a little flattering arousing pride and jealousy which without check brings one down. Is it exactly an achievement? Inevitable death comes. He loves glory most of all the four above. He remains of course. grasps him and carries him to the graveyard. He thinks. The paths of glory lead but to the grave glory throughout his life. pleasure. But what does he gain? Only a name in certain sphere. power and . Man has to struggle hard.
Now I am thirsty. tomorrow I shall not be satisfied with it. Today I get it but want five. but hankered after the post of a lecturer. I was a school teacher. If today . I am so now. then a Professor. I got a charming wife but what use of that charm unless she bears some children who are beautiful. brilliant. Wants are unlimited in a man's life. well educated and famous. Human wants are unending. What use of a lecturer's post? I should be a Reader. The more you have the more you want we fulfil one. further a Vice-Chancellor and so on. tomorrow we shall have another and so it will continue ad infinitum. Then a glass of sarbat will I want. But no satisfaction. I want a glass of water simply.63. and tomorrow it will increase to seven. Yesterday I earned one hundred rupees but wanted two. if water is supplied sufficiently.
full of worries. It is not a rose without thorns. But why? What for this troublesome journey? Where does it end? Where does a man feel that his efforts have found proper result? It is in love. Journey's end in lover's meeting man's life. The whole course of life -. Man with all his power and courage attempts to cover up this long path. Love is the centre of the whole world. anxieties.from birth to death -. pine for each other. sufferings. They are attracted by each other. in love we are nourished and it is at a perfect union of the lovers that their life journey ends. Without it life is imperfect. From love we are born. they are relaxed and fully satiated. and trodding the thorny path when they unite. Love is the most fundamental experience in a .is a long journey. hope and frustration.64.
65. as it were from a dream. Distant mountains. In our life hopes are more pleasant than the . "Alas. but unheard songs are sweeter. and exclaim. cuckoo's songs and bright sunlight. Anxiously wait for its calming breeze. for these we hear with the magic touch of our imagination. The same is true in case of songs. not reality that gives human beings much pleasure. Songs always please us while we listen. but those unheard are sweeter actual pleasant achievements. pictures of unknown countries give us certainly more pleasure than the near and known ones. It is really imagination. Heard melodies are sweet. spring has gone!" In fact we enjoy the hopes of happiness more than the actual days of happiness. In the deadly days of winter we dream of the charm of spring. lingers a while and goes away and then suddenly when the burning heat of summer approaches first very slowly we wake up. Spring comes.
he cannot challenge that without other's help he can run well. for which he will be compelled to take help from others. Giving and taking both are necessary for an . We have to help them in fulfilling their needs and nurse them when they are sick. for the more we depend upon others the less prestige we have and the weaker becomes our personality. while the more we help others the more is our power and honour. There is every possibility of his failure and weakness in any one of the sides. for human life is limited from many sides. We should so prepare ourselves that we shall require help from others as less as possible. But it is always better to give than to take. It is better to give than to take ideal social life. A selfish man lives no life at all. We cannot live happily when we see our friends suffer. Similarly however powerful and rich a man may be.66.
One . A state. and with a quickness of mind tries to grasp a course of three years within a few months. if he lacks patience. and where. Discipline means success. success is far from him. when tries to finish a work before its due date. people co-operate with the rulers. is on the way to its run. Success in every field needs discipline. who with all their honesty and love exercise their power in a disciplined manner. rapid development in every sphere is ensured. where anarchy reigns. where no social or political discipline is maintained by its ruling class and common man. definitely fails to achieve success. Proper time must be given to each course of the whole work. on the other hand. Someone with an anomalous mind.67. However talented a student may be. anarchy means ruin has to perform his works regularly and attentively with all his zeal and perseverance.
Human life is feebler than death. While works polish and strengthen our body and mind both. The former burns a dead body only. But worries always kill our vitality. worries grind them and bring irreparable damages. It is in works that one lives. Work won't kill. the latter is more powerful in destroying a man. but worry will ries. But the latter burns a living body not at once. destroy the sound power of judgment and our working capacity. It is said that between the funeral fire and wor- . works are definitely lesser. but bit by bit.68. This is very painful. When death fire is said to be less harmful than worries. ultimately leading us towards intellectual paralysis and utter dissatisfaction which are equal to death.
A living dog is better than a dead lion dog. It is the king of animals and simply its sight terrifies the most powerful of all beings. In that case one of the weakest dogs will serve thousand times better. But what is the value of a dead lion? It is as powerless as a pebble. it is of no use if at present he is invalid.69. Similarly in our practical life we should not judge a man by its past power and glory. A lion is certainly far more powerful than a . In that case a man with a little talent but fully active is far better than him. A millionaire in the past but a beggar at present certainly is inferior to man of a few hundreds. Profoundly talented and active a man might be in the past. If one gathers lakhs of dead lions around his house even a rat won't care for it. Thousands of most powerful dogs will not be equal to one lion.
70. The higher up the greater the fall The fall of Everest will be gigantic while that of a hillock insignificant. . Another man climbing a little may not earn so much fame and knowledge. power. This is true in all the spheres of life. Going higher earns more glory. The climber finds a new world and looks at the old one from new angles. they lose all. but his fall is not so harmful. But there is also more danger in his journey. Thus he enjoys his life in a new manner. The higher is a thing the greater is its fall. This makes him lose his life or limbs for ever. but if they fall. People of high ambition. for if by chance he falls owing to his carelessness or to certain other factors his fall is greater. while the failure of a middle standard man is of a middle form. wealth and charity may go to the climax of their life.
.. It is because we enjoy that most which we lose shortly or possess scarcely. on the other hand. It is a very strange nature of man that he feels . The same is true in case of love. Similarly we don't get so much pleasure in eating the mangoes of our own garden as in those stolen from others. all of us shall be quite anxious to see what stuff is there. One's relation with his spouse in married life is not so much charming as it is with his beloved. A stolen fruit is the sweetest always very curious regarding the forbidden things.71."Forbidden room". but locked with a label. but if it lies open we don't feel so much interested in it. a room is completely empty. A room may be full of gems. This is a factor which is experienced almost by everybody in his childhood. If.
Water at the shores of Puri. Depth of the sea is inferred from its surface. If water runs deep its surface is still. Still waters run deep If the surface is wavy and highly disturbed water is not deep. This is a proven fact. The more we enter the sea the deeper becomes its water and the stiller its surface. The same is true in case of human character. . So we know one can walk even up to a mile into the sea in these places. Konark and Chandipur is highly wavy. full of only ripples. wise and powerful do not show themselves up. But it is not so at the coast of Mumbai where water is very deep and its surface still. They are very calm and sober in their outward appearance. Those who really are rich. But persons without worth are boisterous and try to amaze others only by their appearance.72.
wear their dresses and speak their language and so on. but when we go abroad it will be very difficult on our part to stick to those.73. When we are in our own country we have to act according to the customs and manners of our own. the happier can he be in the society and can live all the years of his life with name and fame. The more he can adjust with his environment and company. We have to eat their food. and when in Rome do as the Romans do. So we should accept their ways of living. Our life may be sometimes at danger. Man is a social animal. and as such his best . Otherwise we cannot cope with them and will simply be ridiculed. When in Rome do as the Romans do quality is the power of adjustment. When we are in India we should do as the Indians do. when in England do as the English do.
Human genius is limited. To master a trade it is necessary that one should give all his attention to that. Mastery cannot be achieved overnight. Even to master all the fine arts such as literature. Jack of all trades master of none cannot boast of grasping and mastering all the arts and techniques. he will simply be a jack of all trades. full sincerity and perseverance he has to run a long path. By continuous practice. One has to emphasise only one of them.74. master of none. medical science and engineering at the same time. A man of genius . There is no question of mastering them. fine arts. One cannot be master of mathematics. loses all. He has to choose only some of them. music and sculpture is impossible. One who tries to grasp all. An attempt to master all will definitely end in disastrous failure. painting. If he fluctuates. Throughout his whole life one can be a master only of a single trade.
he became mad of this separation and forgetting the distinction between the sentient and insentient he wanted to know the news of Urvasi even from creepers and animals. In all the cases of life when a man feels utterly hopeless even the most negligible things appear before him as great sources of help and hope. A drowning man catches at a straw at that stage his power of judgment is also lost. The only thing before him is to save his life anyhow. he tries to be saved even by a small twig. Even a piece of straw awakes a hope in him. When a man falls from a tree. Ancient stories tell that when the king Pururaba lost his wife Urvasi. and he tries to escape by it. A drowning man loses all hopes for life and .75. A hungry beggar sometimes collects his food from dustbins and tries to fill his belly with animals’ food.
and it is this basic nature which is very often marked by persons of intelligence and intuition.76. Now one appears in his way and then in that. The dynamic nature or personality necessarily invites such strangeness. Human character is so strange that it is very . This persists through one's life. and these are so powerful that they create a concrete picture of man in the observer which is rooted very deep and is not subject to change very easily. First impression lasts long difficult to understand a man fully even from his close quarters. In spite of all that something basic is there which is not affected by any kind of change. These are quite important in forming the basis of understanding the human nature. The feelings and ideas that one experiences and conceives of a man at his first sight are known as the first impressions.
not fortune. Fortune favours fools it is luck that makes a man. A labourious man goes on working untiringly without waiting for the boon of fortune. not the favour of fortune. for he thinks. Fortune does not favour one accidentally. labourious and sincere a man may be. It is free of bias and prejudices. rather fortune is the servant to man. However perseverant. Man is not servant to fortune. . It is work that is most important. They say. It is action that favours them. So while the fools wait for the favour of fortune sitting idly. No goddess of luck can check the result or go against him if his works are done duly. he cannot get success unless the goddess of fortune favours him. Fools always hanker after fortune. success is the necessary result of his enterprise. the wise do not care for it.77. But the wise think just the opposite.
Macbeth realised the unreality of life and power. They have hearts and realization. King Lear could repent for his pride and a robber like Ratnakar could be changed into a saint and a poet like Valmiki. It is devilishness not a devil that is absolutely black. The truth is that people are of that nature mainly which predominates others in his person. are not his heroism. Although the gods are divine the devilish features are not totally absent in them. Hence when the poets and scriptures paint the devils so black. The devil is not so black as he is painted absolutely good. they emphasise the idea. Who is not aware of Zeus' polygamy and Hera's cruelty? Although Satan is a devil. not the particular person. but not absolutely. possibility of change of their colour is certainly there. No man in this world is absolutely bad or . strong pursuit.78. perseverance and skill obvious? Devils are of course black.
79. then you are deformed by diseases. Disaster comes. hopes and perseverance. If today you are a millionaire tomorrow you become a beggar. Autumn's golden sunset makes one forget the tempestuous night of rainy season. tolerance. Nobody is here destined to either enjoy or suffer all through. The . After a storm comes a calm charming fragrant evenings of spring are taken over by the burning noons of summer. Life thus runs through hopes and frustration. It simply prepares us to see the coming days of glorious sunrise. If winter comes can spring be far behind? N othing is constant in this world. Similarly in our life happiness and misery follow each other in cyclic order. shakes us and goes away. and amid the deadly clouds of winter nights. loss and gain. and if now you are a handsome young man. no crisis can root out us. If we are deeply rooted in confidence. we simply dream of spring.
how sweet were those days!' In comparison with all those events of the past the present appears leaden. we feel as if we had been transported to some dreamy land of fairies and utter…'Oh. In our youth when we go back to the days of our childhood.. The past is always golden. we feel it inferior to the past.our naughty behaviour with our parents and relatives. Again in our old age. the events of youth appear golden. the preset is always leaden memory of our past events both sorrowful and pleasant. mother’s love. even the sweet smiles of our beloved cannot please so much as the sufferings of our childhood do. gradual growth of our duty-consciousness. Our nature is such that we always enjoy the . However happy the present may be.80.. struggle for progress in studies. while old age itself seems a dungeon of invalidity and endless suffering.. suffering in the days of hardities etc. father's threatening.
India has a long glorious philosophical tra- . systems of the Buddha. Thus the common people here philosophise easily the day to day happenings and are apt to quote some authorities wherever necessary. attachment and detachment go simultaneously which is rare in other countries. are known almost to everybody. therefore. So his action and contemplation. a country of saints who popularise the philosophical ideas and attract others to their lines. Vedanta and Sankhya are quite popular there.81. India is. and realising the truth many people renounce the world and through heavy penance try even from their childhood to attain liberation. Many of the teachings of the Upanishads. Every Indian is a philosopher dition. nor is life a matter of action only. Life is action as well as contemplation for an Indian. Unreality of the world. futility of sense enjoyment and immortality of soul etc. Philosophy is not merely a matter of speculation here.
Let the dead past bury its dead progress and so makes life stand still. There is no gain in worrying over the spilt milk. But we have to march ahead in order to live a perfect life. but what use of it if at present he is a beggar? One might be illiterate a few years back. One might be quite rich in the past. Its thought will simply spoil a man's life. but what meaning of it present if he is a pundit? So neither fortune nor misfortune of the past matters much in the present. In fact the present period is the most important time for a man. They act according to the present situation. One must carefully avoid such misfortune in the present and future. Brooding over the past hampers further . A Sanskrit aphorism says that intelligent people neither worry for the past nor think of the future.82. We should advance march and be blind to the past.
a blind man wishes to see the purple sunshine and a lame man to move around the world. That is why a few can only ride horses although all wish it. skill. But mere wishes are useless unless they are brought to fruition. When there is many a slip between cup and lip. For riding a horse money is necessary to purchase and to feed it and wishes have no magical power to produce money out of nothing. many slips must be there between wishes and achievements. It requires struggle.83. But this is quite difficult. perseverance and patience. Everybody wishes to ride a horse. If wishes were horses beggars would ride lakhs and to enjoy all the beauties of the world. to earn . A few are only men of fame and a few only pass in examinations with brilliant records although all of us dream to possess it.
and Pandora opened the basket. Prometheus. let all the evil things go out to affect human beings. understanding the plot closed at once the basket from which all came out by that time except 'hope' which has been springing thence in human breast with all its good effects. It is told that when Pandora was sent by Zeus . evil powers and worries to destroy human beings.84. Our power is renewed with the hope for a better opening of life. wishes. and are so perplexed by its hardities that we think better to die. Hope springs eternal in human breast to Prometheus and Epimetheus with a basket full of diseases. In fact it is hope that is the root of all success amidst the ocean of failures. But in the next moment hope awakens us from this dungeon of gloom and lights us with new wishes and rejuvenated strength. Every moment we suffer in our life.
We should carefully evade their company. Give the devil his due must be proper to their character. cruelty. We should give them their dues by rooting them out of the societies as far as possible.85. With their jealousy. It is more serious a sin to allow devils operate than commit sin ourselves. and we make ourselves fortunate by letting us come into contact with them. Here there are angels and devils. They sacrifice their own happiness for that of others. In society our behaviour with other persons . are destructive in character. on the other hand. But this does not mean that getting afraid we should let them proceed on their path. None is more ignoble a coward than one who tolerates a devil. prejudice and harmful attitude they spoil others. But the devils. Angels with their noble and honest character deserve love and respect from us. With their high creativity they unite with other persons to carry on the beneficial works for the society.
his life perfect from all sides. The higher one mounts the greater is his fear . or is ruined by utter frustration. he injures himself deadly. A man of high ambition and talent may go up to the apex of success in his life. either mounts the highest pillar of success. may enjoy the glorious and majestic sight of the world thence. The more ambitious one is. But if he falls by chance or by his insincerity. and may make so to say. He that is down need fear no fall of all. the more is the fear of frustration. But a man of normal hopes and power trods the normal path of life. So he runs toward one of the two extremes. He cannot be satisfied with the normal ways of life. He who stands on the ground fears no fall at all.86. His ruin is inevitable then.
At last being defeated by the saintly heroism of Vasishtha. If we avenge our father's murder by killing his murderer his son may repeat the action. The 'tit for tat' principle leads us towards an . Viswamitra. The ancient story of Vasishtha and Viswamitra exemplify the power of this forgiveness.even killed the sons of the sage. By modifying the character of the victim it may bring better a result than by repeating the action of our enemy. the sage. He failed several times. Viswamitra exercised heavy penance to gain the power of a Brahmarshi.87. but succeeded at last only practising patience and forgiveness which are two arms of a saint. and so whither will it lead us? Forgiveness is therefore the better means of taking revenge. the king tried to outpower Vasishtha. But Vasishtha forgave all the time. He did all sorts of cruel deeds -. Forgiveness is the noblest revenge indefinite point.
Houses made of glass are brittle. So if persons living within it quarrel with each other and out of anger and jealousy throw stones at each other's house. the result becomes disastrous destruction of all the houses. So ultimately all shall be harassed and exposed to unhappiness. They are too . faith. People living in glass houses should not throw stones weak to resist even the lightest stroke. The house of our confidence. The whole world and our life within it are brittle too. longevity and social prestige will be shattered into pieces like houses of glass. If we shall find theirs. All of us have our limits and weaknesses.88. So once we start finding faults with others there is no end to it. None is absolutely perfect. they will find ours too. and if we attack them they will attack us too. To stop this we should stop mutual attack.
So a big thing should not be overemphasised nor a small one overlooked. The vast world is nothing but an assemblage of innumerable dust particles and the high ranges of the Himalayas are storehouses of pieces of stone. they fix their eyes on big amounts and neglect small ones.89. A minute consists . A man who neglects a paisa can never be a millionaire in his life and who overlooks petty works of love can never be an Adam. Many people are here pound-wise. thirty days a month and twelve months a year. sixty minutes make an hour. No big sum is sui generis. Great achievements are possible only through small moments of success and we can construct our character only by attending to little civilities and courtesy of life. twenty four hours make a day. Many a pickle makes a mickle of sixty seconds. These penny-foolish people forget that without earning a pence they cannot earn a pound. A big forest comprises many little creepers and trees.
religions and philoso- . good result may not be always achieved by good means in these cases. Here our actions are very often determined more by situations and environment than by only the character of the worker.90. To do a great good we ought to do a little wrong Yudhisthira. So. a great speaker of truth. But the ways of the world are not always so direct and smooth as to allow an easy progress. Good results must be achieved by good means. None will be praised by the laws who helps the poor by robbing the rich nor one tortures himself extremely for the benefit of others. told a little lie to suppress the enemies. Do a little wrong to do a great good phies is to do good to human society. The aim of all sciences. wrong doing with a clear conscience is always allowed by practical morality. In fact. and the ethicists compel that this good must be achieved by good means.
at four in the morning. . sincere and cheerful than before. He is then habituated with this early rising and this habit influences his character such as he becomes more active.91. But almost in a hypnotised state he starts drinking when its time and company come. One gets up. continuously for a fortnight. A drunkard may not like drinking. he develops a habit and gradually it casts bad influence upon him.’ One’s character is formed out of his habits. for example. If he drinks wine for two or three days. Habits are so easily and spontaneously performed that they are called second nature. So dreadfully he becomes captured by his habits that it becomes difficult on his part to recover. ‘Sow an act and you reap habit. His power of concentration also grows gradually. sow a habit and reap a character. Habit is the second nature A work becomes a habit in one’s life when it is repeated for a few times.
But silence is a better virtue than speech. Speech is an important requirement in hu- . Without speech a man feels imprisoned in some deserted land. Its power is obvious in the life and activities of Gandhi. but listeners are rare. Powerful expression of thoughts and feelings in speech influence a mob while that in writing influence only those who know to read. Through speech teachers impart their studies. saints instruct. silence golden man society for it is the means of communicating thoughts and without this communication no human being can exist. Many speakers are there. Talking much very often weakens our activity and sometimes good speakers prove to be liars. Lincoln and Mujibur. leaders inspire their followers and lovers attract and appease their beloved. Stalin. To give learned speeches is easy.92. So control of speech is necessary in our life. But a sound understanding with deep contemplation and exerting it into action is very difficult. Speech is silvery. Hitler.
Macbeth's ambition.men and women are made for each other. mountains and living creatures which were there thousands of years ago are still present. The same spring. There is nothing new under the sun sun.. There is nothing new on this earth under the . lakes. rivers. the sky is old and the fire is old.. nor old age is something which was never seen in this world and this transformation of all the creatures of the world is as old as the sun and the moon. As a child is growing to youth and a young man is growing old they achieve no new forms. Names are old. and he felt intoxicated by the smell of her everlasting youth.93. adultery of Clytemnestra and Helen's passion are nothing new. From the first day of creation when Eve attracted Adam. The seas. for neither youth. the same summer and the same winter are moving in the same cyclic order as it did on the first day.
only works do not make life successful. to eat only sweets always. however sweet it may be. The more active we . Variety indeed is the spice of human life which is full of only responsibilities. again. So. Changes make its course sweet and attractive. the more successful is our life. does not please us always. it becomes dull and useless. serious actions and sincerity. Nobody likes. for it is only the actions that make us immortal in the world. Life is meant for action. After days of serious action we become tired and want some relaxation. When our mind is free of burdens and the tiring effect of labour.94. The same cake. Games are the best kind of it. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy are. we jump again into work and find our zeal and power renewed. But yet life is not like the flow of water running down only in one direction.
for we have to act according to the suitability of our environment. and what we are able to perform in our own homes. Humanity is determined by obedience to laws. Men frame laws to regularise every step of their actions and by that raise themselves above the rank of brutality in making them sociable and civilized. But exceptions are there. Invalid and sick persons and babies are free from all laws for they are unable to maintain any. manners and civilizations do not rise in their case. So they lack a sense of purpose and seriousness. Human beings violate their own laws where it is necessary. are compelled to alter outside. But law distinguishes men from animals. Animals obey . Necessity knows no law no laws. The questions of customs. They act according to their instinct. in-disciplined and anomalous. Their actions are irregular.95. Law regulates human actions.
But limits are there to it as to all other objects. Human beings have two factors -. Sweet words butter on parsnips man beings.physical and emotional -. But only these cannot cure him of the diseases perfectly. may be temporarily relaxed by the soothing words of doctor and of nurses. for example. Similarly a hungry person cannot be satisfied by merely sweet words. but with sweet words everyone is pleased. He needs food. One's treatment is not a substitute for other. but it rarely affects physical system.96. but complementary to it. Use of words is a distinguished feature of hu- . It may sometimes be difficult to please people with plenty of wealth. and the use of sweet words is the sign of polished humanity. A sick person. Sweet words undoubtedly reign over all our emotional activities.both of which are to be treated with equal importance. This is an instrument to capture the whole world. For that medicine is necessary.
Parents consider their children always as helpless babies. for we are nothing new. A prophet is not honoured in his own country try because he is familiar to the people there from his childhood. was a naughty chap quarreling with other boys. But the strangers weave the net of mystery for us. even when they are established in the society. People have seen him while he was playing naked. even when we become learned and judicious. unwilling to study. from anomalous. A prophet is not honoured in his own coun- . as their good aspects only are reported to us and no first hand experience we have of all their activities. Thus his gradual development from childhood to youth and thence to matured age.97. Before our own people we are always foolish. helpless weak chaps. uncertain character to spiritual practices and divine perception is not marked by the people.
thence up to the fifteenth with strict watchfulness. for beating is the best punishment at this stage. duties and aims of a human life. for this is the most important period of child that determines the formation of his character. nor fully conscious of the hopes.98. Spare the rod and spoil the child bring up our children with full affection up to the fifth year. If this stage is neglected once. If necessary they should not hesitate to use canes to beat them. He is guided more by instinct than by reason and there is plenty of fear of bad influences which he absorbs easily. the child is spoiled for ever. So the parents should administer them very carefully avoiding all sorts of bad company from outside and harmful inclinations and bad habits from inside. Here the child is neither without conscience. all sorts of control and punishment. Chanakya has admonished that we should .
Yama. night. So where can you hide your actions? The money one earns by stealing or robbing is spent when he is caught red-handed. morning and evening. The universe is governed by the law -. the king of death. earth. so you reap'. honour and blessing must go to you and your fortune will go higher and higher.'As . If your intentions are bad and works are guided accordingly. water. ill spent you sow. moon. sky. Ill got. you are compelled to reap its appropriate results ending in misery and misfortune. day. There is no question of doing works stealthily for the scriptures say that human action is watched by the sun. and a merchant's profit by unfair means is spent after holding the tongues of the victims. air. in bribing police or in fighting in the court.99. If you perform beneficial works. heart of the worker.
Leave our house when damaged. but when we are established in society. and when the honey is sucked they leave them alone and helpless. and their . and at times even do not hesitate to misbehave them. Eaten bread is soon forgotten practical attitude very often turns to selfishness. for this is not practically possible. Human beings are utterly practical. Libertines fly from one woman to another like butterflies. instruments out of order or damaged are kept aside. Our parents brings us up with all their sacrifice. and so on. and when we are saved the friend is forgotten. We throw away our worn-out dresses. when they go against us. We cannot take care of all the things that once served us. We need a friend in danger. but now useless. very often we forget them.100. But it is really painful when this attitude turns to selfishness. and friends. When the purpose is solved the helper is kicked.
This must be locked carefully every day so that there would be no fear of theft. But when we have already fallen ill there is no hope of quick recovery in spite of all our cares. Precaution is the way to safety. we should think pros and cons before it is done. If after the publication of his failure he starts his studies sincerely by no means he can pass in the same exam.101. But people . Whatever we do. They start to lock up their stable when the steed is stolen. A student has to prepare his course regularly before he appears in the examination. But when the steed is stolen what use of locking with all our cares? Similarly we have to take preventive measures to avoid disease. Lock the stable when the steed is stolen very often forget this principle.
The world is so changeable and the changes . Within a glance this may go topsy-turvy. We know how Rama had to start his exile for fourteen years on the very day when he was to be coronated.102. If today we are beautiful the next day we become ugly by a severe deformation of body. Sitting in the dinning room and holding a cup of tea or wine we cannot guarantee that definitely we shall drink it. Just before achieving the supreme success. Future is so dark that nothing can be predicted without doubt. for every moment runs so uncertain that many slips are quite possible between the cup and our lip. and Gandhiji lost his life while he was going to be warmly honoured by the people for whom he fought the whole life. There is many a slip between the cup and the lip are so sudden that nothing is assured. one may lose life itself.
Still more merciful. he is for the helpless and the weak. In fact for all the animals. is the best saved. who will help them except God. Hair over animals serves a lot to them.103. But when these hairs are shorn by the owner for wools. But he. They . who realising his limits and weakness surrenders completely to God's will and mercy. God is away from them. God tempers the wind to the shorn lamb are saved from extreme cold or extreme heat. for they think they can save themselves. he shows equal sympathy. With this selfconfidence and egoism human beings try to bring responsibility on them. and when the owner himself causes this suffering. God does this not only in the case of animals. plants and birds. the father of all? He tempers the wind so as to save the helpless sheep from injury. the lambs suffer naturally. As the father of the whole creation there is no end to his mercy and bliss.
several chains of misery are quite possible. but that of suffering is prolonged. health. money and many other things which are to be recovered with a lot of difficulties very often without any recovery at all. It comes always . does not consist of a single chain of suffering. longevity. As sorrows and happiness move in a cyclic order.one getting the other. In falling ill we lose our vitality. Hence we have to wait patiently for the end of this chain. Life. At times of misery slips are multiplied until it covers its full space. So realising this truth we have to get ourselves ready to face the struggles of life.. for this will rather increase than decrease our miseries. Misery does not come alone. One slip does not end misery with many slips which form a chain. again. We should feel neither vexed nor perplexed.. The time of happiness ends soon.104.
for every day he thinks that it is quite near to him. So he fails ultimately in every field of his life. the farther from heaven school is always a latecomer. Similarly a man nearer to church or a temple seldom visits it.105. It is quite common that a boy living near his . and so at any moment he can go there and pray to God. for he thinks. No occasion of religious experience comes in his life. within no time he can reach there and so takes no care of early arrival. The nearer the church. So the work is postponed for tomorrow and no tomorrow comes in his life. It is a peculiar nature of man that the more facility he gets. the more he wants and the lazier he becomes in searching only the opportunities and advantages which would bring him success without labour.
none will have faith in and love for others. So the society will lose its unity completely. Faithfulness and gratitude are two very pre- . What to tell of him who helps us with lakhs of rupees? If this feeling of gratitude is lost. for they determine the development of a society. We must be grateful to our friend who has helped us even by supplying a little amount of salt in our need. if they are not faithful to and do not possess gratitude for each other. they cannot unite together and so cannot bring all-round success either in their individual lives or in the society as a whole.106. Even a millionaire here is sometimes compelled to take help from a beggar and no man can live in his society being faithless to his comrades. Be true to the salt you eat cious virtues of human beings. However rich and prosperous the individuals of a society may be.
The value of an object is realised in its absence. Too much of anything is always bad. union after a long separation is so enchanting. That is why in case of a pair of lovers. Abundant rice does not make us realise its worth.107. Two friends staying far from each other find their love being strengthened by separation but meeting off and on they do not get so much pleasure. not when we have plenty of it. Famil- . no further attraction do we feel for this. and when we wear a dress for a long time. Too much familiarity breeds contempt iarity brings two or more people near to one another. but when we are hungry and not a single grain do we possess. we realize the significance of food. it brings contempt. Similarly when something is eaten too much. It is the basis of love and affection. But too much of it breeds contempt.
So it is ridiculous to expect love from a cruel assassin. a child from a eunuch. fragrant flowers and sweet fruits by all our lifelong attempts. Black is the symbol of sin. fragrance from a palash flower and reason from a lunatic. Black will take no other hue takes no other hue. absolute perversion. heroism from a coward. They are all unaffected by any other colour. sweet water from the sea. A piece of dried wood cannot generate green twigs. and black . chastity from a harlot. It is very difficult to correct the character of a completely perverted man. and to make devilishly fool a judicious and intelligent being. In a dark room nothing is visible. If we wash a piece of burnt wood even hundred times with all sorts of powerful chemicals it cannot change its colour.108. to change one disastrously sinful into a perfectly pious saint. ignorance and contempt.
Add fuel to the fire. It takes two to make a quarrel. Two of a trade can never agree. Tit for tat. Some have the hap. Rob Peter and Paul. A polite dress invites welcome. A rolling stone gathers no mass. What God will. Silence is conquest. All is fish that comes to the net. The devils unite better than the angels. Carry coal to new castle. Quick returns make rich merchants. Money makes a man. Set a thief to catch a thief. some stick in the gap. Much ado about nothing.EXERCISE Expand the following ideas: A bad workman quarrels with his tools. Plenty is the father of want. Ill news runs a pace. Put no faith in tale bearer. Cut your coat according to your cloth. . Pride goes before a fall. Let bygones be bygones. Do not wake sleeping dogs. Those who hide can find. A barking dog seldom bites. no frost can kill. Count chickens before they are hatched. It is the first step that is difficult. A good wine needs no bush.
Priyam Word World Cuttack W W .
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