How did Adolf Hitler and the Nazis achieve total power in Germany by 1934?

World War II, the global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, which involved most of the world's nations, ended up with total destruction of Europe. The actual cause of the war, Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany achieved total power in Germany by 1934. By this date, Hitler was the Führer of Nazi Germany and almost every German supported Hitler. To understand how Hitler and the Nazis achieved total power in Germany, one must understand the condition of Germany after World War I and what steps they took in order to accomplish total power. It is quite amusing to notice that Hitler and the Nazis used numerous different ways to gain total power in Germany. After World War I, Germans were bitter and hurt because they lost the war and the country’s social, economic and political conditions were devastated. Germany became a republic after the war. It was in a bad state. People were short of food and jobs. There were riots in the street as different political groups fought for power. In the Treaty of Versailles (1919), the allies decided that Germany must pay them £6600 million in damages, known as reparations. It was the last straw. In 1923, French troops moved into the Ruhr, a German industrial area, to claim their reparations. The workers went on strike. The German economy went into a nosedive. This was known as inflation. The German government did not have enough money to cope, so it began to print money that it did not actually have. Leading from this, hyperinflation occurred and recession started as people had no confidence in business investments. The 1919 hyperinflation, which lasted to 1923, was so bad that people used German banknotes instead of coal in her stove. Before World War 1, a dollar was worth 4.2 German marks. By November 1923, a dollar was worth 4.2 trillion marks. The government became unpopular as most parties were powerless, unconvincing and unreliable. Thirteen percent of German territory was given to Czechoslovakia, Poland and France. All Germany’s overseas lands were confiscated and German army was reduced from six million to 100,000 men. Not only this, all important German industrial areas were to be controlled by the Western Allies. Hitler and his followers assured many beliefs and ideas to Germans to give them hope and get many supports to their Nazi party. Hitler said he would make Germany strong and powerful again, no matter what other nations felt about it. He believed the old idea that a super race could be created if a strong leader acted ruthlessly and selfishly. Germans, he said, were the Herrenvolk, which means the master race. Germans, tired of being made to feel ashamed of Germany’s past, like his ideas a lot. Hitler promised bread and work. He said he was Germany’s only hope. By this, many Germans became convinced by the propaganda that Hitler was indeed the answer to Germany’s problems. Workers were attracted to Hitler because he promised employment and food. Hitler gave better wages, better working conditions, more holidays and no more unemployment. Ex-soldiers were attracted because Hitler said he would restore pride and avenge the hated the Treaty of Versailles. In addition, some major industrialists and aristocrats supported Hitler’s strong anti-communist and anti-Jewish stance. Nazi believed that Germans were the natural leaders of everyone else around them.

After gaining many supports from people, Hitler and the Nazi party started to take steps that eventually lead them to achieve total power over Germany. The SA secured meetings and disrupted opposition party rallies. They gave the impression of order and discipline. Young men and ex-soldiers were attracted to the uniform, symbols and camaraderie of the SA. Goebbels masterminded the propaganda and election campaigns that won increasing support for Nazism. Hitler used aircraft so he could make speeches in a number of cities in the same day. Hitler was a mesmerizing speaker who aroused patriotic feelings and got people to believe in him. In 1923, hyperinflation wiped out the savings of the middle class. Hitler promised to make Germany great again, solve economic problems and restore pride. Many Germans wanted to believe him. By 1933, six million workers were unemployed in Germany. Hitler pledged to find them jobs. By 1933, the Nazi party was the largest in the Reichstag. President Hindenburg hoped that Hitler would be less disruptive if he was appointed chancellor and form a coalition government. After the Reichstag fire, Hitler declares a state of emergency and forces parliament to pass the Enabling Act, which gave him the power to dissolve parliament and outlaw other parties. In 1934, Hindenburg dies and Hitler gets the SS (Schutz Staffeln or Protection Squads) to carry out the “Night of the Long Knives,” in which the leadership of the SA (Sturm Abteilungen or Storm Troops) were executed. This won the support of industrialists and the loyalty of the army. Hitler was now Führer and had total power over the German nation. In summary, Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany used effective steps and techniques to acquire total power over Germany. Based from the harsh conditions that Germany faced after World War II, Hitler and his fellow admirers gave hope and beliefs that stirred patriotic feelings in Germans’ hearts. Leading from this, Hitler and Nazi started to take actual noticeable steps to gain power over Germany. Dr. Josef Goebbels masterminded the propaganda and election campaigns that won increasing support for Nazism. Hitler and the leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, carried out the “Night of the Long Knives.” This basically resulted as Hitler being the Führer of Germany. Hitler being the Führer may have been great and lucky for the Germans at that time. However, nowadays, people know that Hitler’s achievement in total power was one of the worst events that occurred in History.

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