You are on page 1of 11

Contents

LTE
Technologies, Roadmap and Strategies
Peretz Shekalim
December 2010

• • • •

3GPP standardization activities LTE Release 8 and 9 LTE-Release 10 and beyond (LTE-Advanced) Details of some major features:
– – – – CoMP SON Multicarrier Relay

• IEEE802.16m performance

Runcom
12/11/2010

1
1 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 2

Runcom Technologies Ltd.

3GPP Standardisation Process
ITU Recommendations

3GPP Standardisation Activities

Partners

ITU
Existing process

Organisational Partners(OP)

Project Coordination Group (PCG) Technical Specification Groups (TSGs)

TTC, ARIB,ETSI, TTA, CCSA, ATIS

Member companies
Technical proposals and contributions

Market Representation Partners (MRP)
GSMA,TD-SCDMA Forum, Femto Forum,CDG, etc 14 partners

Technical specifications
Local specifications Runcom Technologies Ltd. Runcom Technologies Ltd.
Source: © 3GPP 2009

Standardisation process in each OP

3

<ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced, 15 October 2009>, Takehiro Nakamura

4

1

15 October 2009>. Takehiro Nakamura Technologies Ltd. 8 2 .Standardisation Organisations Communicating with 3GPP Developing Recommendations Referring to specs Developing internet protocol specs 3GPP Structure ITU-R/T Developing Wireless LAN/MAN specs Developing Mobile application specs li ti Cross reference of specs Input specs Requirements Referring to 3GPP specs (contributed by individual members) Cross reference of specs Partners of 3GPP Referring to 3GPP specs for the local specs MRP Terminal certification based on 3GPP specs Terminal Certification Organisational Partners EU Japan Korea China North America Source: © Runcom3GPP 2009 <ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced. Source: Qualcomm 7 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 6 Roadmaps LTE Release 8 and 9 7 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 5 Runcom Technologies Ltd.

Runcom Technologies Ltd. 10 10 SAE – System Architecture Evolution Functional Split between E-UTRAN and EPC Logical Nodes Functional Entities Radio Protocol layers S1 X2 S1 12/11/2010 11 11 12/11/2010 S1 S1 X2 12 12 Runcom Technologies Ltd.(Mobility Management Entity) by means of the S1-MME S-GW .LTE Core and Radio Access Network LTE overall architecture Core Network (CN) EPC (Evolved Packet Core) ( ) Radio Access Network (RAN) MME . 9 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd.(Serving Gateway) by means of the S1-U. 9 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 3 .

Runcom Technologies Ltd. Runcom Technologies Ltd.LTE Frame structure Sampling period Recourse Grid Sampling Rate 12/11/2010 13 13 12/11/2010 14 14 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 4 . Mapping of Cell-specific Reference signals Dedicated RS 4 4 4 4 4 4 44 12/11/2010 15 15 12/11/2010 16 16 Runcom Technologies Ltd.

cdma2000 g y . 3. GPRS. …) • Support of variable bandwidth • • • • • • • – 1. 10. and is a competitor for DVB-H-based TV broadcast. 30 km sizes with reasonable performance.8 Mbit/s for 2x2 antennas for every 20 MHz of spectrum. 16QAM. 15.4 Mbit/s for 4x4 antennas. 3. This feature can deliver services such as Mobile TV. LTE Release 8 Key Features • High spectral efficiency – OFDM in Downlink – DFTS-OFDM(“Single-Carrier FDMA”) in Uplink – Multi-antenna application LTE performances • Peak DL rates (for 20MHz): – 326. • At least 200 active users in every 5 MHz cell • Sub-5ms latency for small IP packets • Transmission Time Intervals: 1 msec • HARQ Retransmission Time: 8msec • Bearer Services: Packet only y • Optimal cell size of 5 km. 15 and 20 MHz Simple protocol architecture (PS for VoIP) Simple Architecture Compatibility and inter-working with earlier 3GPP Releases Inter-working with other systems. 17 Runcom Technologies Ltd.g. 10.4 Mbit/s p / • 5 different terminal classes. RRC procedure. – 172. 5. and up to 100 km cell sizes supported with acceptable performance • Co-existence with legacy standards (smooth HO with GSM. All terminal will be able to process 20 MHz bandwidth. 20 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd.4. g FDD and TDD Efficient Multicast/Broadcast (Single frequency network by OFDM) Support of SON Runcom Technologies Ltd. 5. 20MHz 1msec 15kHz 4. 64QAM Single layer for UL per UE Up to 4 layers for DL per UE MU‐MIMO supported for UL and DL 12/11/2010 LTE developed protocol stack 18 18 Runcom Technologies Ltd. WCDMA-based UMTS or even 3GPP2) • Supports MBSFN.7μsec 16.LTE Release 8 Major Parameters Access Scheme Bandwidth Minimum TTI Sub‐carrier spacing Cyclic prefix length Modulation Spatial multiplexing Short Long UL DL DFTS‐OFDM OFDMA 1.4. 19 5 . 20 • Very low latency (TTI.7μsec QPSK. • Peak upload rates of 86. e.

• Mobility Support: Cellular systems including IMT-Advanced are required to support the environments described in following: – – – – Pedestrian (Pedestrian speeds up to 10 km/h) Typical Vehicular (Vehicular speeds up to 120 km/h) High Speed Vehicular (Vehicular speeds up to 500 km/h) Seamless application connectivity to other mobile networks and other IP networks (global roaming capabilities). 16QAM. 16QAM. And more 24 Runcom Technologies Ltd. interRAN HO] latencies) to enable new delay sensitive applications delay-sensitive applications. Improved Unicast and multicast broadcast services. Provision for PAN/LAN/WAN Co-location / Coexistence. LTE Release 10 and Beyond l d d (LTE(LTE-Advanced) • • • • • Support for larger cell sizes and improved cell-edge performance. IMT advanced – General requirements (1) ITU IMT advanced is the base line for the 4G requirement • Higher spectral efficiencies and peak data rates up to 1Giga bps. 64QAM QPSK. [Inter-FA HO. Not  supported Not supported Mandatory Mandatory 21 21 Runcom Technologies Ltd. • Lower latencies (air-link access latency. 16QAM QPSK. 64QAM Multi‐antenna 2 Rx diversity 2x2 MIMO 4x4 MIMO 12/11/2010 Assumed in performance requirements. Low-cost and low-complexity terminals for worldwide use. Intra-FA HO. 23 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 22 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 24 6 .Achievable Peak Data Rates LTE-Release 8 User Equipment Categories Category Peak rate  Mbps DL UL 1 10 5 2 50 25 3 100 50 20MHz 4 150 50 5 300 75 Capability for physical functionalities RF bandwidth Modulation DL UL QPSK.

. – Inter-frequency: 150 msec MS • E h Enhanced Location Based Services (LBS) dL ti B dS i • Enhanced Multicast Broadcast Service (E-MBS) 25 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. UL: 15 bps/Hz • Spectrum flexibility: Support of scalable bandwidth and spectrum aggregation • Mobility: Same as that in LTE bl h • Coverage should be optimized or deployment in local areas/micro cell environments with ISD up to 1 km • Backward compatibility and interworking with LTE with 3GPP legacy systems 27 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. a minimum of 2xTX and 2xRX antennas – For the MS.g. CDMA and also Single-carrier/Multi-carrier operation. • FDD H FDD and TDD modes FDD. 5MHz uplink ) • scalable bandwidths from 5 to 20 MHz • Support of Advanced Antenna Techniques: • Mi i Minimum antenna configuration requirements shall be: t fi ti i t h ll b – For the base station. . 26 26 Current agreements on the requirements for LTE Advanced • Peak data rate DL: 1 Gbps. H-FDD • DL:UL ration configurable • Different Ch-BW configurable for FDD mode (e. 25 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. Potentially up to 100MHz (for stationary devices) • Local area optimization of air interface • Nomadic / Local Area network and mobility solutions • Flexible Spectrum Usage • Cognitive Radio • Automatic and autonomous network configuration and operation • Enhanced precoding and forward error correction • Interference management and suppression • Asymmetric bandwidth assignment for FDD • Hybrid OFDMA and SC-FDMA in uplink • UL/DL inter eNB coordinated MIMO 28 Runcom12/11/2010 Technologies Ltd. 28 7 . 27 LTE Advanced – RAN1 issues under discussion • Various concepts for Relay Nodes • UE Dual TX antenna solutions for SU-MIMO and diversity MIMO • Scalable system bandwidth exceeding 20 MHz. 10MHz downlink.IMT advanced – detailed requirements (2) • Multiple access methods • OFDMA. UL: 500 Mbps • Transmission bandwidth: Wider than ~70 MHz in DL and 40 MHz in UL • Latency: C-plane from Idle (with IP address allocated) to Connected in <50 ms and U-plane latency shorter than 5 ms one way in RAN taking into account 30% retransmissions ( (FFS) ) • Cell edge user throughput 2 times higher than that in LTE • Average user throughput 3 times higher than that in LTE • Capacity (spectrum efficiency) 3 times higher than that in LTE • Peak spectrum efficiency DL: 30 bps/Hz. a minimum of 1xTX and 2xRX antennas IMT advanced – detailed requirements (3) • Link Adaptation and Power Control • Maximum Latency (MAC to MAC): 10msec BS and MS BS • State transition latency: IDLE_STATE to ACTIVE_STATE : 100msec • Maximum Handover Interruption : – Intra-frequency: 50 msec.

e.912(Case 1 scenario) *2 See TR36.g.03 • Peak spectrum efficiency – DL: Rel. 8 LTE*1 1.74 – 0.06 – – 0. 8 LTE satisfies IMT-Advanced requirement – UL: Need to double from Release 8 to satisfy IMT-Advanced requirement Rel.08 0. 15 October 2009>. Takehiro Nakamura 32 8 . 15 October 2009>.07 0.913(Case 1 scenario) *3 See ITU-R M.87 2. 20 MHz Frequency Runcom Technologies Ltd. 8 LTE) CC.2 2.12 0. Source: © 3GPP 2009 <ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced. Config.7 1.4 2.75 *“100 Mbps for high mobility and 1 Gbps for low mobility” is one of the key features as written in Circular Letter (CL) *1 See TR25..09 0. Takehiro Nakamura 30 Carrier Aggregation Major features j f LTELTE-Advanced Technologies System bandwidth. Capacity [bps/Hz/cell] DL 2-by-2 4-by-2 4-by-4 UL 1-by-2 2-by-4 Cell‐edge user  throughput  thro hp t [bps/Hz/cell/user] DL 2‐by‐2 4‐by‐2 4‐by‐4 UL 1‐by‐2 2‐by‐4 Rel.4 – 0.75 LTE-Advanced 1 Gbps 500 Mbps 30 15 IMT-Advanced () 1 Gbps(*) 15 6.4 to 1.2135(Base Coverage Urban scenario) Runcom Technologies Ltd. e. Source: © 3GPP 2009 <ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced.g.System Performance Requirements • Peak data rate – 1 Gbps data rate will be achieved by 4-by-4 MIMO and transmission p y y bandwidth wider than approximately 70 MHz System Performance Requirements (Cont’d) Capacity and cell‐edge user throughput • Target for LTE‐Advanced was set considering gain of 1.4-1.024 – x1.05 0. e g 100 MHz UE capabilities • 100-MHz case • 40-MHz case • 20-MHz case (Rel.69 1..07 IMT-Advanced*3 – 2. Source: © 3GPP 2009 <ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced. 8 LTE Peak data rate Peak spectrum efficiency [bps/Hz] DL UL DL UL 300 Mbps 75 Mbps 15 3.06 0.0 0. Takehiro Nakamura 29 Runcom Technologies Ltd.6 from Release 8 LTE performance Ant.67 0.2 – – 1. 15 October 2009>.6 3.6 LTE-Advanced*2 2. 31 Runcom Technologies Ltd.04 0.

Mapping Transport block Channel cod g coding HARQ Mod. 8 streams CoMP Coherent combining or dynamic cell selection Higher-order MIMO up to 8 streams Enhanced MUMIMO Joint transmission/dynamic cell selection Coordinated scheduling/beamforming Receiver signal processing at central eNB (e. Mapping Transport block Channel cod g coding HARQ Mod.. Takehiro Nakamura 36 9 . Source: © 3GPP 2009 <ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced. 15 October 2009>. MMSEC) Max. 33 Runcom Technologies Ltd. Source: © 3GPP 2009 <ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced.g. Source: © 3GPP 2009 <ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced. Runcom Technologies Ltd. Mapping CC Transport block Channel cod g coding HARQ Mod. Takehiro Nakamura 35 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 15 October 2009>.DL/UL Uplink Multiple Access Scheme Transport block Channel cod g coding HARQ Mod. 8 LTE transmission PUSCH (Physical uplink shared channel) Freq. MRC. 4 streams SU-MIMO up to 4 streams Multipoint reception Runcom Technologies Ltd. Takehiro Nakamura 34 Enhanced Multi-antenna Techniques in DL/UL CSI feedback Max. 15 October 2009>. Mapping MIMO variance Single‐user MIMO  (SU‐MIMO) Ex) Single‐layer beamforming  (Single‐layer BF) Ex) Multi‐user MIMO  (MU‐MIMO) Ex) Single‐input multiple‐output  (SIMO) ( ) PUCCH region “N-times DFT-Spread OFDM” CC Multi‐user MIMO  (MU‐MIMO) ( ) Ex) Ex) CC Parallel Rel.

Takehiro Nakamura Runcom Technologies Ltd.5 ms 1 ms 1.0 msec 4. Source: © 3GPP 2009 4.5 ms 1ms+ t FA 1 ms 1.Relaying LTE-A Relay RN Tree : Rel-8 frame structure LTE-A Relay : Rel-10 frame structure Type-II Relay Type I & Type 1a Type-I Relay TDD Type-II Relay FDD Type-II Relay Out-of-band Relay In-band Relay TDD Out-of-band Relay FDD Out-of-band Relay TDD In-band Relay FDD In-band Relay 11-Dec-10 37 37 Runcom Technologies Ltd. 15 October 2009>. 10 .5 ms 1. User plane latency • LTE fulfills ITU-R requirements on user plane latency LTE Advanced requirements FDD TDD UE TTI 1 ms eNB UE TTI 1 ms eNB 1.9 msec 6.8 msec 39 0 % BLER 10 % BLER 4.5 ms 1. 38 Runcom Technologies Ltd.5ms (b) Uplink 0 % BLER 10 % BLER Runcom Technologies Ltd.5ms 1ms+ t FA HARQ RTT 8 ms (a) Downlink UE TTI eNB 1.035 msec 12/11/2010 40 40 <ITU-R WP 5D 3rd Workshop on IMT-Advanced.

co. 11 .16m objectives Thank You! Peretz Shekalim Runcom Tech LTD VP System and Standards mobile: +972 54 3108448 office: +972 3 9428850 email: peretzs@runcom. 42 Runcom Technologies Ltd.Summary of IEEE802.il 12/11/2010 41 41 Runcom Technologies Ltd.