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JW Government 150 April 26, 2012

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Economic regions of California, as defined by California Economic Strategy Panel, October 2006

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California compared to other countries GDP is in the same range as Spain and Italy (corresponding with the Department of Finance figures in 2005)

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Top publicly traded companies in California for 2011 according to revenues with State and U.S. rankings State 1 2 3 4 5 6 Corporation Chevron Hewlett-Packard McKesson Wells Fargo Apple Intel US 3 11 15 23 35 56

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7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Dominick Cisco Walt Disney Northrop Grumman Ingram Micro Google Oracle DirecTV Occidental Petroleum Amgen Gap PG&E Health Net Edison International Qualcomm Jacobs Engineering Western Digital Applied Materials URS eBay Sempra Energy Synnex Visa Gilead Sciences

60 62 65 72 75 92 96 110 129 163 167 177 179 198 222 250 251 259 267 269 274 281 297 299

Further information: Fortune 500 2011: States: California Companies

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Gross Domestic Product (millions of current dollars)

Person Income by Major Source &

Earnings (dollars)

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The ‘Golden State’ or ‘The Land of Milk and Honey” are things related to California. The State is more than 200 miles wide and more than 750 miles long. Those kinds of number on the east coast would have you driving through more than three states. It is the third largest state in the union, totaling 158,706 square miles. California has almost all terrain types that you will find across the entire United States. There are a total of 37,253,956 (as of 2010) people populating the Golden State, that is up by ten percent from 2000. With being the most populous in the union the number of diverse groups wouldn't be a surprise either. Of the thirty-seven plus million people 57.6% are White, 6.2% are Black, 1% are Native American, 13% are Asian, 0.4% are Pacific Islander, 4.9% classify themselves as being multi-cultured, 37.6% are Hispanic-Latino and 40.1% are White (not hispanic). 28.2% of this population speaks spanish while 57.6% speaks english. Of this population 62% believe in God and 48% believe religion is very important; 31% are Catholic, 32% are Protestant. All these people contribute vastly to not only the economy of their state but the U.S. as a whole; California is responsible for over 10% of the United States’ gross domestic product (GDP). California’s GDP is larger than most of the countries of the world. As of 2002 the U.S. Government started to use different way to classify economic activity to have a better reflection of today’s economy; the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Californians and their income is always interesting. California's largest industry is actually government with more than two million employees and according to the census the second largest industry is Healthcare and Social Assistance.1 Though a high GDP, per capita income was $38,956 as of 2006, ranking 11th in the nation, but varies widely by geographic region and profession.

1 Schlosser, Eric J.W.

California become part of the union on the 9th of September 1850. During that time we had over four different state capitals, starting with San Jose ( 13 Nov 1849 - 1 May 1851) then Vallejo (5 January 1852 - 4 February 1853) then Benicia (4 February 1853 - 25 February 1854) and finally reseting with Sacramento (25 February 1854 - Present).2 The history of the state has been broken down into six major parts; the Spanish Era (1542-1822), Mexican Dominance (1821-1848), Americanization and Statehood (1848-1850), Consolidating Power (1850-1902), The Progressive Legacy (1902-1919) and The Twentieth Century (1920-Present). The State’s constitution had been rewritten numerous times and the last change done in 1879 is the last and the one still in effect to date. During the Progressive Legacy period the Progressive movement led by Hiram Johnson started to prevent corporations from controlling government. The Progressives had great success and were able to implement controls by prohibiting candidates for city, county, and judicial offices and education boards from mentioning their party affiliation on the ballot.3 If we view the state the same way we do the United States, there is the sates executive branch, the states legislature and the states courts. The executive branch consist of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, State Treasurer, State Controller, Insurance Commissioner, and the State Superintendent of Public Instruction all of which are elected for; the legislature consist of State Legislature, State Assembly and Senate; the courts consist of the California Supreme Court, the California Courts of Appeal and the California Superior Courts. All those in the executive branch are elected, those below those positions are appointed. All those in the Legislature are elected as well. All those in the courts are appointed and/or elected. There are two type of judges in California; trial court judges and appeals judges. Even though a good portion of the elected officials are party affiliated there are a number of
2 Previous Capitals of California 3 Field J.W.

positions held that are non-partisan. Non-partisan post would consist of local government or city government; the Mayor, the Superintendent of a School District or the City Council would be a great example of this. California is a direct democracy versus a representative democracy. This was something that became implemented during the Progressive Era. California currently has fifty-three congressional representatives in the United States House of Representatives whom approximately thirty percent are Republican and in the United States Senate the two Senators are both Democrats. While in the California State Assembly there are a total of eighty members and approximately thirty-four percent are Republican and one Independent member, yet in the California Senate there are forty senators whom approximately thirty-six precent Republican. California’s current Governor is a democrat while his predecessor was a republican, there have been a total of thirty-nine governors since the statehood which approximately forty percent were Republican. California’s primary election will be held on 5 June 2012 and which voters will have to vote for one seat in the United States Senate, fifty-three seats in the United Sates House of Representatives, State Executives, twenty seats in the State Senate, eighty seats in the State Assembly and seven ballot measures including any local measures. California is one of 19 states to use an open primary system. California's system is an open Top 2 Primary Election, in which the top two candidates move to the general election. The deadline to register to vote is 15 days prior to each local and statewide Election Day.4 As of right now President Barack Obama (D) is running again for his second and last term as of right now there is no defined singular Republican candidate. All in all California defiantly is a state with a great and interesting history with a lot more to come.

4 California Secretary of State J.W.

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Electoral College map for the 2012, 2016, and 2020 elections.

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Bibliography
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