You are on page 1of 7

[*sfESihf tGr®&[fusifhpOf (tusOf;

)

armfvmem [m½l;ef vlvmof

[*sftaMumif;
[*sfonf tpövmrfomoem\ ta&;BuD;aom r@dKif (5) yg;xJrS aemufqHk;r@dKifjzpfygonf/
rdrd\ tajccHvdktyfcsuftjyif? tv,ftvwfpm;cefY toHk;p&dwfudk oHk;pGJ vsuf tpD;teif;jzifh ruú[f NrdKUawmfodkY
oGm;a&mufum [*sf jyKvyk Nf y;D rdrad e&if;XmaeodYk jyefvnfa&muf&EdS ikd af vmufonfcefY Opömypön;f ydik q
f ikd o
f l tay:wGif
[*sfjyK&ef? z&fZf (rjyKrae&) wm0ef jzpfonf/
[*sf jyKvkyfjcif;udk pGefYvTwfjcif;onf tpövmrf \ xHk;"avhr[kwf/
[*sf jyKvkyfjcif;onf tvGefBuD;us,f xG#fjrwfaom usifhpOfwpf&yfjzpfavonf/
eADwrefawmfjrwf () rdefYMum;awmfrlonf/ ]tv’m[ft&Sifjrwf vufcHawmfrlaom [*sf\tpm; *sEéofomvQif
jzpf\/}
xdkYjyif tGr®&[f jyKjcif;twGufvnf; BuD;rm;aom tusdK; p0g;Af &&Sd rnf[lí uwdawmf vm&Sdayonf/
eADwrefawmfjrwf () u rdefYMum;awmfrlcJhonf/tMuifolonf [*sfjyK&ef trSefyif rnfonfhtcuftcJ?
twm;tqD ; rQr&S d tmPmyd k i f r S v nf ; rnf o d k Y r Q wm;jrpf j cif ; vnf ; r&S d / [*sf r jyKEk d i f a vmuf a tmif
jyif;xefaoma&m*ga0'emvnf;r&Sd/ xdkuJhodkYaomfolonf [*sfrjyKbJ uG,fvGef aoqHk;oGm;cJhvQif xkdolonf
,[l'DtjzpfESifh aovdkvQif aoap (odkY) eqGf&meD tjzpfESifh aovdkvQif aoap/
xdkYjyif þuJhodkYvnf; rdefYMum;csufvm&Sd\/tMuifolonf rdrdtay: [*sfjyK&ef wm0ef&Sdaomfvnf; [*sfrjyKcJhygu
xdo
k o
l nf ,[l'D (od)Yk eqG&f meDtjzpf aoqH;k &ygap[lívnf;aumif;? tMuifol onf [*sjf yKonft
h csed u
f mvtwGi;f
i&Jrsm;ESifh t&Sufuif;rJhrIrsm;rS a&SmifMuOfcJh aomf xdkolonf rdcif0rf;rSuRwfaom arG;uif;puav;i,fuJhodkY
tjypfuif;pifol [lívnf;aumif;? [m*sDwpfOD;udk tv’m[ft&Sifjrwfu ud,mrofaeYwGif rdrdtdrfoltdrfom;rsm;
(odkY) tjcm;olrsm;teufrS vlaygif; (400)twGuf toem; cHcGifhjyK rnf[lívnf;aumif; eADwrefawmfjrwf
(qGv’v’m[ktvdkif[d0pv’rf) u rdefYMum;awmfrlcJhavonf/
a0g[m&toHk;tEIef;rsm;
tGr®&[f

td[&f mrf ESiw
hf uG utfA[fausmif;awmftm; oG0g;zfjyKjcif;ESihf qGzm ESihf r&f0[f awmifEpS v
f ;kH Mum;ü
ptD jyKjcif;udk tGr®&[f [kac:onf/

[*sf

td[&f mrf ESiw
hf uG owfrw
S cf sed w
f iG f t&fzmof uGi;f jyifü &yfem; jcif;ESihf oG0g-az-Zd,m&of jyKjcif;udk
[*sf [kac:onf/

ud&mef

td[f&mrf wpfBudrfwnf;jzifh tGr®&[f ESifh [*sf udk wGJzufaygif; pyfjyKvkyf&aom usifhpOfudk [*sf-

1

[*sfESihf tGr®&[fusifhpOf (tusOf;)

armfvmem [m½l;ef vlvmof

a*s-ud
a*s-ud&mef [kac: onf/
orofoktf

OD;pGmtGr&® [f jyKNy;D aemuf [*su
f mvü [*su
f siphf Ofrsm;udk oD;oefjY yKusijhf cif;udk orofot
k f [kac:onf/

 tdrmrd ttfZGrf (&[froGv’m[dtvdkif;[f) ocifu ]]ud
ud&mef}} trsKd;tpm; [*sfjyKvkyfjcif;onf trGefjrwf
k f NyD;aemuf tdzf&m'f onf tjrwfqHk; jzpfonf}} [k qdkxm;onf/
qHk;jzpfonf/ xdkYaemuf orofot
[*sf\pnf;urf;csufrsm;
(1) td[f&mrf

td[f&mrf rygbJ [*sf \ rnfonfhusifhpOf usifh&yfrQ rydkifacs/

(2) Zrmef

(tcsd e f u mv) [*sf \ t"d u tcsuf t vuf t m;vH k ; wd k Y u d k [*sf &moD \
owfrSwftcsdefumvtwGif;ü ausyGefpGm aqmif&Guf&rnf/

(3) rumef

(t&yfa'o) ryfpf*sd-a'-[&mrf ? qGzm ESifh r&f0[f ? t&fzmof uGif;jyif/

[*sf\ z&fZfrsm;
(1) td[f&mrf ½Hkjcif;/
(2) t&fzmof uGif;jyifü &yfem;jcif;/
(3) oG0g-zd-Zd,m&of jyKvkyfjcif;/
[*sf\ 0g*spfAfrsm;
(1) rDumof owfrSwfae&mrS td[f&mrf ½Hkjcif;/
(2) qGzm ESifh r&f0g awmifESpfvHk;Mum;ü ptD jyKjcif;/
(3) ZGv[
f *sv
f (9) &ufaeY aerGe;f vGNJ y;D tcsed rf S ae0ifNy;D aemuf tcsed t
f enf; i,frQtxd t&fzmof ü &yfem;jcif;/
(4) rkZf'vdz[f ü &yfem;jcif;/
(5) OD;acgif;qHyif&dwfvdkufjcif;/
(6) ausmufp&pfcJrsm; ypfaygufjcif;/
(7) oG0g-zd-0d'gtf jyKvkyfjcif;/
(8) oG0g-zd-Zd,m&of jyKvkyfjcif;/
(9) &rD-a,-*sd
a,-*srd m&f ausmufp&pfcJypfaygufjcif;udk ZA[f xuftvsif jyK vkyfjcif;/
(10) ['D om;aumifudk ZA[f jyKvkyfjcif;/
(11) OD;acgif;qHyifr&dwfrDtvsif ['D udk ZA[f jyKvkyfjcif;/
(12) ['D udk tdkif,f,m-ar-e[f&f twGif; ZA[f jyKvkyfjcif;/
tGr®&[fusifhpOftusOf;
1/ tGr®&[fjyK&efat[f&mrf ½Hkjcif;

2

[*sfESihf tGr®&[fusifhpOf (tusOf;)

armfvmem [m½l;ef vlvmof

ezpfvfqGvmof (2)&utof 0wfjyKNyD; tGr®&[f jyKaeaMumif; &nf&G,f &rnf/ xdkYaemuf us,favmifpGm
ovfAD,[f (3)Budrfqdk&rnf/ xdkYaemuf ath[f&mrf0wf½Hkudk ½HkNyD;aemuf a&Smif&Sm;&aomt&mrsm;rS a&Smif&rnf/
2/ tGr®&[fjyK&efo0gzfjyKjcif;
trsdK;om;rsm;onf þo0g;zfü tdZGfodAmtf ESifh &rvf jyK&rnf/ trsdK;orD; rsm;rSmrlum; tdZGfodAmtf ESifh
&rvfjyK&efrvdk/ xdkenf;wl "r®wm aoG;qif;aeolrsm;? udk,foefYonftxd o0gzfrjyK&/ o0gzfjyK&mü utfA[f
ausmif;awmfudk ckepfywftjynfh &pfywf&rnf/ [*sfa&twfpf0'f \ a&SUwnfh wnfhrS o0gzfjyKNyD;aemuf
l f tcsed Ef iS hf rwdu
d &mrf
qGvmof0wfrjyKyikd af om rwfu½f [
k q
f ikd yf gu rumrdtAD &m[D;rf rnfaomae&m (od)Yk rwfp*f s'd [
(utfA[fausmif;awmf) wGif rnfonfha
e&mürqdk qGvmof (2)&utof 0wfjyK&rnf/
3/ pGzmESifh r&f0g[f Mum; (7)BudrfavQmufjcif;
AmAGwfpfpGzm rnfaom wHcg;abmifrSxGufí pGzm awmifay:wuf&rnf/ utfA[fausmif;awmftm;
jrifEdkifavmufatmif wuf&rnf/ vufajrmufí qkyef&rnf/ acwåem;&rnf/ xdkYaemuf Zdud&f jyK&if; r&f0g[f
awmifbufodkY oGm;&rnf/ tpdrf;a&mif rSwfwdkifESpfckMum;ae&mwGif cyfokwfokwfausmfvTm;
vdkuf&rnf/
r&f0g[fawmifay:wGiv
f nf; tenf;i,fwuf&rnf/ xdak e&müvnf; qkyef&rnf/ þodYk pGzm rS r&f0g[f odo
Yk mG ;jcif;onf
wpfacgufrnfonf/ r&f0g rS pGzm odkYoGm;jcif;onf 'kwd, tacgufrnf\/ þodkYESifh owårtacguf onf r&f0g[f
awmifay:wGif ukefqHk;ygvdrfhrnf/
4/ tGr®&[fjyK&ef½Hkxm;aomat[f&rf (0wf½Hk)rSuRwfjcif;
pGzm ESifh r&f0g[f Mum; avQmufNyD;aemuf OD;acgif;&dwfvdkuf&rnf/ odkYwnf;r[kwf OD;acgif;&SdqHyifudk
vufacsmif;wpfqpfrQ bufpHkrS n§yfvdkuf&rnf/
[*sfusifhpOftusOf;
1/ ZGvf[pf*sf*s[fv (8)&uf (odkY) xdk&ufrwdkifrD at[f&rf½Hkjcif;
tG r ® & [f u sif h p Of \ trS w f p Of (1)üygaomusif h p Of t wd k i f ; jyK&rnf / od k Y a omf þtcsd e f t cgü [*sf
jyK&ef&nf&G,f&rnf/
2/ rdemodo
Yk mG ;jcif;
ZGvf[pf*sf*s[fv (8)&ufaeYrwdkifrD rdemmodkYa&mufae&rnf/ rdemmü Zk[dk&f? tqG&f? r*f&dAf? t d & S m E S i f h
ZGv[
f pf*s*f s[v
f (9)&ufaeY\ z*s&q
f v
G mofuykd g 0wfjyK&rnf/ (wpfenf;) ZGv[
f pf*s*f s[v
f (8)&ufaeY Zk[&kd q
f v
G mof
rwdkifrD tcsdefrS ZGvf[pf*sf*s[fv(9)&ufaeY z*s&fqGvmoftcsdeftxd xdkae&müae&rnf/
3/

t&fzmofuGif;jyifokdYoGm;jcif;
ZGvf[pf*sf*s[fv (9)&ufaeY aexGufí aejrifhaomtcsdefwGif t&fzmofuGif; jyifodkY xGufcGmoGm;&rnf/
d [f (vufbdkuf) oyfpfbD;[f? '½l;'f&S&D;zfESifh twfpfo*fzm&f (tjypfrS
þodkYxGufcGmaomtcg vrf;c&D;ü ovfA,
0efcsawmif;yefjcif;)rsm;jyKae&rnf/ t&fzmofuGif; jyifodkYa&mufaomtcg qkyef jcif;? usrf;jrwfuk&ftmef

3

[*sfESihf tGr®&[fusifhpOf (tusOf;)

armfvmem [m½l;ef vlvmof

&Gwfzwfjcif;ESifhtjcm;tjcm;aom aumif;rIukodkvfjyK&mü arGUavsmfae&rnf/ [ezDEG,f0ifrsm; xdkae&modkY
a&mufaomtcg Zk[dk&fqGvofudk Zk[dk&ftcsdefüyifrdrdwdkY\ &GufzsifwJü *srmtofESifhwuG 0wfjyK&rnf/ xdkenf;wl
tqG&fqGvmofudk tqG&ftcsdef wGif 0wfjyK&rnf/ ae0ifonftxd rdrdESifhwuG rdrdwdkY\ rdb? om;r,m;? nDtpfudk?
armifESr?aqGrsdK;rdwfo*F[? rdrdwdkYwdkif;jynf? rdrdvlrsdK;? rdrdurÇmtwGufyg qkyef&rnf/
4/ rkZf'avzmodkYoGm;jcif;
ae0ifNyD;aomtcg r*f&dAfqGvmof 0wfrjyKbJ rkZf'avzm odkY xGufcGmoGm; &rnf/ xdkae&modkUa&mufvQif
td&mS qGvmoftcsed f usa&mufaernf jzpfaomf vnf; OD;pGm r*f&Ad q
f v
G mofukd 0wfjyK&rnf/ Ny;D vQiNf y;D jcif; td&mS qGvmof
0wfjyKvdkuf&rnf/ pGEéofESifh ezpfvfqGvmofrsm;udk td&Sm\z&fZf0wfjyKNyD; aemuf0wfjyK&rnf/ rkZf'avzm
avzmüyif n
tdyfí eHeufrdk;aomufvQif tarSmifüz*s&fqGvmofudk 0wfjyKvdkuf&rnf/ ausmufp&pfcJrsm;udk þae&mrS aumuf
,lvdkuf&rnf/ ZGvf[pf*sf*s[fv (10)&ufaeY aerxGufrD rdepftenf;i,fBudKí rdem odkY xGufcGm oGm;vdkuf&rnf/
5/ rdemodkYjyefoGm;jcif;
rkZf'avzm
avzmrSm xGufcGmí rdemmodkY vm&rnf/ Opömypönf;rsm; wpfae &mwGifxm;í atmufygusifhpOfrsm;udk
Ykd f jyKciG &hf í aus;Zl;wif
tpOfvu
kd jf yK&rnf/ (1) ½diI o
f mG eftBu;D tm; ausmufp&pfcJ ckepfv;kH ayguf&rnf/ (2) orofot
aomtaejzifh uk&fAmeD jyK&rnf/ (3) qHyif&dwf&rnf (odkY) n§yf&rnf/
6/ o0gzdZd,m&ofjyKjcif;
trSwpf Of (9)wGif ygaom usiphf Ofrsm;udk tpOfvu
kd jf yKí a&csKd ;um t0wftpm; 0wfvu
kd &f rnf/ wwfEikd yf gu
xdkaeYüyif ruú[f a&TNrdKUawmfodkYoGm;í utfA[f ausmif;awmfudk o0gzf jyKvdkuf&rnf/ þ o0gzf onf [*sf\
ta&;BuD;aom ynwfawmf (0g) z&fZf jzpf\/ xdkodkY o0gzf jyKNyD; pGzm ESifh r&f0g[f Mum; ptDjyK&rnf/
7/ rdemodkYjyefvmjcif;
o0gzdZd,m&ofjyKNyD;aemuf rdemmodkY jyefvm&rnfhZGvf[pf*sf*s[fv (11)&ufESifh (12)&ufaeYrsm;wGif rdemmü
wnf;cdkí rGef;wdrf;NyD;aemuf ½dIifoGmeef rsm;tm; ausmufp&pfcJjzifh ypfayguf&rnf/ ,if;odkY ayguf&mwGif OD;pGm *sr&m
tlvm rnfaom ½diI o
f mG ef tm; ayguf&rnf/ xdaYk emufwiG f *sr&m0lpo
f mG udk ayguf&rnf/ xdaYk emufwiG f *sr&mtGwu
f Am
l f
udak yguf&rnf ZGv[
f pf*s*f s[v
f (12)&ufaeYwiG f oGm;vdu
k aer0ifrD xGuo
f mG ;vdu
k &f rnf/ ae0ifNy;D xGujf cif; rwfu½f [
jzpf o nf / tu,f í ZG v f [ pf * sf * s[f v (13)&uf a eY eH e uf c sd e f x d rd e m wG i f a ejzpf y gu xd k a eY w G i f v nf ;
ausmufp&pfcJaygufjcif; 0g*spfAf (ta&;BuD; jcif;) jzpfonf/¤if;aeYwGifvnf; rGef;wdrf;NyD;aemufwGif cJayguf&rnf/
rGef;rwdrf;rD aygufygu ydkifaomfvnf;rwfuf½l[foefZD[Djzpf\/
8/ ruú[fNrdKUodkYjyefvmjcif;
ZGvf[pf*sf*s[fv (12)&uf (odkY) (13)&ufaeYwGif ruú[f NrdKUodkY vm&rnf/ ruú[f ü wnf;cdkaepOf o0gzf
jyKae&rnf/ tGr&® [fjyKvu
kd jyKae&rnf/ ruú[af &TNrKd UawmfrS jyefvakd omtcg o0gzda0'gtf (ac:) aemufq;kH EIwq
f uf
aom o0gzfjyKíjyef&rnf/

4

[*sfESihf tGr®&[fusifhpOf (tusOf;)

armfvmem [m½l;ef vlvmof

ynwfcsufrsm;
(1) ynwfcsuf - wpfoufvQif wpfBudrfwpfcg [*sf jyKvkyfjcif;? z&fZf (rvkyfrae&) wm0efjzpfavonf/
f *sf rsm; jzpfonf/
tBurd af ygif;rsm;pGm [*sf jyKvyk cf ahJ omfvnf; wpfBurd o
f mvQif z&fZf jzpfí uset
f Burd rf sm;onf ezfv[
ezfvf[*sf rsm;\ tusdK; p0g;Af rSmvnf; BuD;rm;vSayonf/
(2) ynwfcsuf - t&G,rf a&mufao;rD uav;b0wGif [*sf jyKvkyfcJhvQif xdk [*sf onf w&m;r0if? twnfrjzpfay/
tusKd ; p0g;Af &&Srd nf jzpf\/ <u,f0csr;f omoljzpfvQif t&G,af &mufNy;D aemuf wpfzef [*sf jyKvyk &f ef? z&fZf jzpfavonf/
i,f&G,fpOfuav;b0wGif jyKvkyfcJhorQ [*sf rsm;onf ezfvf jzpfayrnf/
(3) ynwfcsuf - rnfrQ<u,f0csrf;omonfjzpfap? rsufrjrifrsm; tay:wGif [*sf jyKvkyfjcif; z&fZf r[kwfacs/
[*sf jyKvkyf&ef 0g*spfAf
(4) ynwfcsuf - wpfOD;wpfa,muftay: [*sf jyKvkyfjcif; z&fZf jzpfvm vQif xdkESpfüyif [*sf
[*sf jyKvkyf&ef b0wpfckvHk;&Sdaeao;onf/ wpfESpfESpfwGif
jzpfonf/ taMumif;rJh aESmifhaES; MuefYMum apjcif;rjyK&/ ]][*s
vkyfwmaygh}}[kqdkí qdkif;iHhxm;jcif; vHk;0rxdkufay/ oHk;av;ESpfvGefNyD;aemuf [*sf vkyfvQif wm0efausaomfvnf;
tjypfruif;ay/
(5) ynwfcsuf - trsdK;orD;wpfOD; [*sf jyKvkyf&ef oGm;vdkvQif rdrdESifhtwl rdrd\cifyGef; (odkY) tjcm; r[f&rf wpfOD;OD;
rkcs yg&rnf/ cifyGef; odkYr[kwf r[f&rf rygbJ [*sf oGm;jcif; rydkifacs/
(6) ynwfcsuf - r[f&rf jzpfolonf t&G,fra&mufao;aomoljzpfvQif (odkY) udk,fusifhw&m; ysufjym;ol trd?
ESrwdkYuyif pdwfrcstyfoljzpfvQif xdkolwdkYESifhtwl c&D;oGm;ydkifcGifh r&Sday/
(7) ynwfcsuf - ,HMk unfpw
d cf styfaom om;csi;f awmfpyfol r[f&rf wpfOD;OD; rdrdESifhtwl c&D;oGm;&ef BuHKBudKufvQif
xdktcg cifyGef;rSm uefYuGufwm;jrpfydkifcGifh r&Sd? vifcifyGef;u wm;jrpfaomfvnf; remcH&? oGm;&rnf/
(8) ynwfcsuf
suf - tysdKazmf0ifcgeD; t&G,fra&mufao;aom rdef;uav;onf vnf; c&D;wGif rdrdESifhtwl w&m;r0if
(r[f&rf) om;csif;awmfpyfol rygvQif roGm;&/ *dkif&fr[f&rf om;csif;r[kwfol w&HqHtrsdK;om;ESifhtwl oGm;ydkifcGifh
r&Sd/ ydwfyifxm;onf/
(9) ynwfcsuf - rdrEd iS t
hf wl vdu
k yf goGm;aom r[f&rf \ p&dwpf u ukeu
f s orQtm;vH;k udk ac:oGm;aom trsKd ;orD;u
usc&H rnf/
(10) ynwfcsuf - tu,fí [*sf oGm;&ef wpfoufv;kH r[f&rf wpfO;D wpf a,mufrQ rBuKH awGU&vQif xdt
k rsKd ;orD;tay:
[*sf rjyKvyk jf cif;twGuf tjypf rxdu
k af y/ od&Yk mwGif uG,v
f eG af ocgeD;tcsed ?f ]]uRerf twGuf [*sf jyKvyk af y; vdu
k yf g}}
[k 0qGD,of jyK rSmwrf;oGm;jcif;rSm 0g*spfAf jzpfonf/
olruG,fvGefNyD;aemuf tarGpm;tarGcHwdkYonf olr\ypönf;xJrS wpfOD;wpf a,muftm; p&dwfpuay;í
olrtwGuf [*sf jyKvyk af y;&ef apvTw&f rnf/ þuJo
h Ukd [*sf jyKvyk af y;vdu
k jf cif;tm;jzifh olrtay:rS [*sf \wm0ef

5

[*sfESihf tGr®&[fusifhpOf (tusOf;)

armfvmem [m½l;ef vlvmof

ausoGm;vdrfhrnf/
rSwfcsuf

(1) wpfoufvHk;edum[fxrf;jrm;? vufxyfydkifcGifhr&Sdaomoludk r[f&rf [kac:onf/
(2) wpfOD;wpfa,muftwGuf udk,fpm; [*sf jyKvkyfay;jcif;udk [*sf-a*s-A'vf [k ac:onf/

(11) ynwfcsuf - wpfOD;wpfa,muftay: [*sf jyKvkyfjcif;? z&fZf xdkufae av&m ysif;&dayghavsmhrIaMumifh [*sf
rjyKvkyfbJ apmifhqdkif;í aeav\/ xdkYaemuf wpfzef olonf rsufpdtvif; uG,foGm;av\/ odkYr[kwf
c&D;roGm;Edik af vmuf atmif emruse;f jzpfomG ;cJ\
h / xdt
k cg xdo
k o
l nfvnf; [*s-f a*s-A'vf jyKay;&ef rSmwrf;oGm;&rnf/
(12) ynwfcsuf - a<u;NrDponfwdkYudk ausyGefpGm ay;qyfNyD;aemuf aoqHk; uG,fvGefol xm;&pfcJhonfhypönf;\
oHk;yHkwpfyHkjzifh [*sf-a*s-A'vf jyKay;apEdkifvQif tarGpm; tarGcHwdkYtay:wGif aoqHk;olrSmMum;cJhonfhtwdkif;
jyKvkyfaqmif&Gufay; &ef wm0ef&Sdavonf/
tu,fí use&f pfco
hJ nfyh pön;f enf;í oH;k yHw
k pfyjkH zifh [*s-f a*s-A'vf jyKvyk rf ay;Edik v
f Qif 0vDtarGxed ;f olu
[*sf-a*s-A'vf jyKvkyfay;&efwm0efr&Sdacs/
(13) ynwfcsuf - wpfO;D wpfa,mufonf [*s-f a*s-A'vf jyKvyk af y;&ef rSmMum;Ny;D aoqH;k uG,v
f eG o
f mG ;\/ odaYk omf
usef&pfypönf;rSm enf;yg;aeí oHk;yHkwpfyHk jzifh [*sf-a*s-A'vf jyKvkyfay;Edkifjcif; r&Sd? tarGpm; tarGcHwdkYonfvnf;
oHk;yHk wpfyHkxuf ydkrdkoHk;pGJ&ef MunfjzLpGm cGifhrjyKcJhojzifh [*sf-a*s-A'vf rjyKvkyfay; vdkuf&aomf xdktcg
xdkoem;p&maumif;aom aoqHk;uG,fvGefoltay:wGif tjypf wpfpHkwpf&m r&Sday/
(14) ynwfcsuf - 0qGD,of rSmwrf;jcif;r&SdbJ aoqHk;ol\usef&pfypönf;rS [*s
-A'vf jyKvkyfay;ydkifcGifhr&Sd?
[*sff-a*s
a*s-A'vf
odaYk omf tarGpm; tarGcw
H u
Ykd auseyfpmG cGijhf yKvQif jyKay;Edik cf iG &hf adS vonf/ od&Yk mwGif eAmvd*f t&G,rf a&mufao;ol\
cGifhjyKcsufrSm w&m;r0ifay/
(15) ynwfcsuf - td'f'wf apmifhxdef;&ef umvtwGif;&Sd trsdK;orD;onf td'f'wf udk pGefYvTwfNyD; [*sf jyKvkyf&ef
oGm;ydkifcGifhr&Sdacs/
(16) ynwfcsuf - ruú[f txd oGm;vmEdkifonfh p&dwfpu&Sdí r'De[f txd qufvufoGm;vmEdkifonfh
p&dwfr&SdaomolwGif [*sf jyKvkyfjcif; z&fZf wm0efr[kwf[laom t,ltqonf vHk;0rSm;,Gif;onf/

6